Patchwork Tasks stuck in futex code (in 3.14-rc6)

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Submitter Davidlohr Bueso
Date March 20, 2014, 3:06 p.m.
Message ID <1395328003.2612.15.camel@buesod1.americas.hpqcorp.net>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/332228/
State Not Applicable
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Comments

Davidlohr Bueso - March 20, 2014, 3:06 p.m.
On Thu, 2014-03-20 at 15:38 +0530, Srikar Dronamraju wrote:
> > This problem suggests that we missed a wakeup for a task that was adding
> > itself to the queue in a wait path. And the only place that can happen
> > is with the hb spinlock check for any pending waiters. Just in case we
> > missed some assumption about checking the hash bucket spinlock as a way
> > of detecting any waiters (powerpc?), could you revert this commit and
> > try the original atomic operations variant:
> > 
> > https://lkml.org/lkml/2013/12/19/630
> 
> I think the above url and the commit id that I reverted i.e
> git://git.kernel.org/cgit/linux/kernel/git/torvalds/linux.git/commit/?id=b0c29f79ecea0b6fbcefc999
> are the same.
> 
> Or am I missing something? 

No, please take a closer look, it is a different approaches to the same
end.

Patch

diff --git a/kernel/futex.c b/kernel/futex.c
index 34ecd9d..35ff697 100644
--- a/kernel/futex.c
+++ b/kernel/futex.c
@@ -203,6 +203,7 @@  static const struct futex_q futex_q_init = {
  * waiting on a futex.
  */
 struct futex_hash_bucket {
+	atomic_t waiters;
 	spinlock_t lock;
 	struct plist_head chain;
 } ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp;
@@ -211,6 +212,53 @@  static unsigned long __read_mostly futex_hashsize;
 
 static struct futex_hash_bucket *futex_queues;
 
+static inline void futex_get_mm(union futex_key *key)
+{
+	atomic_inc(&key->private.mm->mm_count);
+#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
+	/*
+	 * Ensure futex_get_mm() implies a full barrier such that
+	 * get_futex_key() implies a full barrier. This is relied upon
+	 * as full barrier (B), see the ordering comment above.
+	 */
+	smp_mb__after_atomic_inc();
+#endif
+}
+
+/*
+ * Reflects a new waiter being added to the waitqueue.
+ */
+static inline void hb_waiters_inc(struct futex_hash_bucket *hb)
+{
+#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
+	atomic_inc(&hb->waiters);
+	/*
+	 * Full barrier (A), see the ordering comment above.
+	 */
+	smp_mb__after_atomic_inc();
+#endif
+}
+
+/*
+ * Reflects a waiter being removed from the waitqueue by wakeup
+ * paths.
+ */
+static inline void hb_waiters_dec(struct futex_hash_bucket *hb)
+{
+#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
+	atomic_dec(&hb->waiters);
+#endif
+}
+
+static inline int hb_waiters_pending(struct futex_hash_bucket *hb)
+{
+#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
+	return atomic_read(&hb->waiters);
+#else
+	return 1;
+#endif
+}
+
 /*
  * We hash on the keys returned from get_futex_key (see below).
  */
@@ -245,10 +293,10 @@  static void get_futex_key_refs(union futex_key *key)
 
 	switch (key->both.offset & (FUT_OFF_INODE|FUT_OFF_MMSHARED)) {
 	case FUT_OFF_INODE:
-		ihold(key->shared.inode);
+		ihold(key->shared.inode); /* implies MB */
 		break;
 	case FUT_OFF_MMSHARED:
-		atomic_inc(&key->private.mm->mm_count);
+		futex_get_mm(key); /* implies MB */
 		break;
 	}
 }
@@ -322,7 +370,7 @@  get_futex_key(u32 __user *uaddr, int fshared, union futex_key *key, int rw)
 	if (!fshared) {
 		key->private.mm = mm;
 		key->private.address = address;
-		get_futex_key_refs(key);
+		get_futex_key_refs(key); /* implies MB (B) */
 		return 0;
 	}
 
@@ -429,7 +477,7 @@  again:
 		key->shared.pgoff = basepage_index(page);
 	}
 
-	get_futex_key_refs(key);
+	get_futex_key_refs(key); /* implies MB (B) */
 
 out:
 	unlock_page(page_head);
@@ -893,6 +941,7 @@  static void __unqueue_futex(struct futex_q *q)
 
 	hb = container_of(q->lock_ptr, struct futex_hash_bucket, lock);
 	plist_del(&q->list, &hb->chain);
+	hb_waiters_dec(hb);
 }
 
 /*
@@ -1052,6 +1101,11 @@  futex_wake(u32 __user *uaddr, unsigned int flags, int nr_wake, u32 bitset)
 		goto out;
 
 	hb = hash_futex(&key);
+
+	/* Make sure we really have tasks to wakeup */
+	if (!hb_waiters_pending(hb))
+		goto out_put_key;
+
 	spin_lock(&hb->lock);
 
 	plist_for_each_entry_safe(this, next, &hb->chain, list) {
@@ -1072,6 +1126,7 @@  futex_wake(u32 __user *uaddr, unsigned int flags, int nr_wake, u32 bitset)
 	}
 
 	spin_unlock(&hb->lock);
+out_put_key:
 	put_futex_key(&key);
 out:
 	return ret;
@@ -1190,7 +1245,9 @@  void requeue_futex(struct futex_q *q, struct futex_hash_bucket *hb1,
 	 */
 	if (likely(&hb1->chain != &hb2->chain)) {
 		plist_del(&q->list, &hb1->chain);
+		hb_waiters_dec(hb1);
 		plist_add(&q->list, &hb2->chain);
+		hb_waiters_inc(hb2);
 		q->lock_ptr = &hb2->lock;
 	}
 	get_futex_key_refs(key2);
@@ -1533,6 +1590,17 @@  static inline struct futex_hash_bucket *queue_lock(struct futex_q *q)
 	struct futex_hash_bucket *hb;
 
 	hb = hash_futex(&q->key);
+
+	/*
+	 * Increment the counter before taking the lock so that
+	 * a potential waker won't miss a to-be-slept task that is
+	 * waiting for the spinlock. This is safe as all queue_lock()
+	 * users end up calling queue_me(). Similarly, for housekeeping,
+	 * decrement the counter at queue_unlock() when some error has
+	 * occurred and we don't end up adding the task to the list.
+	 */
+	hb_waiters_inc(hb);
+
 	q->lock_ptr = &hb->lock;
 
 	spin_lock(&hb->lock);
@@ -1544,6 +1612,7 @@  queue_unlock(struct futex_hash_bucket *hb)
 	__releases(&hb->lock)
 {
 	spin_unlock(&hb->lock);
+	hb_waiters_dec(hb);
 }
 
 /**
@@ -2275,6 +2344,7 @@  int handle_early_requeue_pi_wakeup(struct futex_hash_bucket *hb,
 		 * Unqueue the futex_q and determine which it was.
 		 */
 		plist_del(&q->list, &hb->chain);
+		hb_waiters_dec(hb);
 
 		/* Handle spurious wakeups gracefully */
 		ret = -EWOULDBLOCK;
@@ -2808,6 +2878,7 @@  static int __init futex_init(void)
 		futex_cmpxchg_enabled = 1;
 
 	for (i = 0; i < futex_hashsize; i++) {
+		atomic_set(&futex_queues[i].waiters, 0);
 		plist_head_init(&futex_queues[i].chain);
 		spin_lock_init(&futex_queues[i].lock);
 	}