Patchwork [17/20] powerpc/perf: Add support for the hv 24x7 interface

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Submitter Michael Ellerman
Date March 14, 2014, 5 a.m.
Message ID <1394773245-18328-18-git-send-email-mpe@ellerman.id.au>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/330205/
State Accepted
Commit 0e93a6edd9de7000d36788b1b8985efa610b698d
Delegated to: Michael Ellerman
Headers show

Comments

Michael Ellerman - March 14, 2014, 5 a.m.
From: Cody P Schafer <cody@linux.vnet.ibm.com>

This provides a basic interface between hv_24x7 and perf. Similar to
the one provided for gpci, it lacks transaction support and does not
list any events.

Example usage via perf tool:

	perf stat -e 'hv_24x7/domain=2,offset=8,starting_index=0,lpar=0xffffffff/' -r 0 -C 0 -x ' ' sleep 0.1

Signed-off-by: Cody P Schafer <cody@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
---
 arch/powerpc/perf/hv-24x7.c | 510 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 510 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 arch/powerpc/perf/hv-24x7.c

Patch

diff --git a/arch/powerpc/perf/hv-24x7.c b/arch/powerpc/perf/hv-24x7.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..297c9105
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/powerpc/perf/hv-24x7.c
@@ -0,0 +1,510 @@ 
+/*
+ * Hypervisor supplied "24x7" performance counter support
+ *
+ * Author: Cody P Schafer <cody@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
+ * Copyright 2014 IBM Corporation.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
+ * as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version
+ * 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
+ */
+
+#define pr_fmt(fmt) "hv-24x7: " fmt
+
+#include <linux/perf_event.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <asm/firmware.h>
+#include <asm/hvcall.h>
+#include <asm/io.h>
+
+#include "hv-24x7.h"
+#include "hv-24x7-catalog.h"
+#include "hv-common.h"
+
+/*
+ * TODO: Merging events:
+ * - Think of the hcall as an interface to a 4d array of counters:
+ *   - x = domains
+ *   - y = indexes in the domain (core, chip, vcpu, node, etc)
+ *   - z = offset into the counter space
+ *   - w = lpars (guest vms, "logical partitions")
+ * - A single request is: x,y,y_last,z,z_last,w,w_last
+ *   - this means we can retrieve a rectangle of counters in y,z for a single x.
+ *
+ * - Things to consider (ignoring w):
+ *   - input  cost_per_request = 16
+ *   - output cost_per_result(ys,zs)  = 8 + 8 * ys + ys * zs
+ *   - limited number of requests per hcall (must fit into 4K bytes)
+ *     - 4k = 16 [buffer header] - 16 [request size] * request_count
+ *     - 255 requests per hcall
+ *   - sometimes it will be more efficient to read extra data and discard
+ */
+
+/*
+ * Example usage:
+ *  perf stat -e 'hv_24x7/domain=2,offset=8,starting_index=0,lpar=0xffffffff/'
+ */
+
+/* u3 0-6, one of HV_24X7_PERF_DOMAIN */
+EVENT_DEFINE_RANGE_FORMAT(domain, config, 0, 3);
+/* u16 */
+EVENT_DEFINE_RANGE_FORMAT(starting_index, config, 16, 31);
+/* u32, see "data_offset" */
+EVENT_DEFINE_RANGE_FORMAT(offset, config, 32, 63);
+/* u16 */
+EVENT_DEFINE_RANGE_FORMAT(lpar, config1, 0, 15);
+
+EVENT_DEFINE_RANGE(reserved1, config,   4, 15);
+EVENT_DEFINE_RANGE(reserved2, config1, 16, 63);
+EVENT_DEFINE_RANGE(reserved3, config2,  0, 63);
+
+static struct attribute *format_attrs[] = {
+	&format_attr_domain.attr,
+	&format_attr_offset.attr,
+	&format_attr_starting_index.attr,
+	&format_attr_lpar.attr,
+	NULL,
+};
+
+static struct attribute_group format_group = {
+	.name = "format",
+	.attrs = format_attrs,
+};
+
+static struct kmem_cache *hv_page_cache;
+
+/*
+ * read_offset_data - copy data from one buffer to another while treating the
+ *                    source buffer as a small view on the total avaliable
+ *                    source data.
+ *
+ * @dest: buffer to copy into
+ * @dest_len: length of @dest in bytes
+ * @requested_offset: the offset within the source data we want. Must be > 0
+ * @src: buffer to copy data from
+ * @src_len: length of @src in bytes
+ * @source_offset: the offset in the sorce data that (src,src_len) refers to.
+ *                 Must be > 0
+ *
+ * returns the number of bytes copied.
+ *
+ * The following ascii art shows the various buffer possitioning we need to
+ * handle, assigns some arbitrary varibles to points on the buffer, and then
+ * shows how we fiddle with those values to get things we care about (copy
+ * start in src and copy len)
+ *
+ * s = @src buffer
+ * d = @dest buffer
+ * '.' areas in d are written to.
+ *
+ *                       u
+ *   x         w	 v  z
+ * d           |.........|
+ * s |----------------------|
+ *
+ *                      u
+ *   x         w	z     v
+ * d           |........------|
+ * s |------------------|
+ *
+ *   x         w        u,z,v
+ * d           |........|
+ * s |------------------|
+ *
+ *   x,w                u,v,z
+ * d |..................|
+ * s |------------------|
+ *
+ *   x        u
+ *   w        v		z
+ * d |........|
+ * s |------------------|
+ *
+ *   x      z   w      v
+ * d            |------|
+ * s |------|
+ *
+ * x = source_offset
+ * w = requested_offset
+ * z = source_offset + src_len
+ * v = requested_offset + dest_len
+ *
+ * w_offset_in_s = w - x = requested_offset - source_offset
+ * z_offset_in_s = z - x = src_len
+ * v_offset_in_s = v - x = request_offset + dest_len - src_len
+ */
+static ssize_t read_offset_data(void *dest, size_t dest_len,
+				loff_t requested_offset, void *src,
+				size_t src_len, loff_t source_offset)
+{
+	size_t w_offset_in_s = requested_offset - source_offset;
+	size_t z_offset_in_s = src_len;
+	size_t v_offset_in_s = requested_offset + dest_len - src_len;
+	size_t u_offset_in_s = min(z_offset_in_s, v_offset_in_s);
+	size_t copy_len = u_offset_in_s - w_offset_in_s;
+
+	if (requested_offset < 0 || source_offset < 0)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	if (z_offset_in_s <= w_offset_in_s)
+		return 0;
+
+	memcpy(dest, src + w_offset_in_s, copy_len);
+	return copy_len;
+}
+
+static unsigned long h_get_24x7_catalog_page(char page[static 4096],
+					     u32 version, u32 index)
+{
+	WARN_ON(!IS_ALIGNED((unsigned long)page, 4096));
+	return plpar_hcall_norets(H_GET_24X7_CATALOG_PAGE,
+			virt_to_phys(page),
+			version,
+			index);
+}
+
+static ssize_t catalog_read(struct file *filp, struct kobject *kobj,
+			    struct bin_attribute *bin_attr, char *buf,
+			    loff_t offset, size_t count)
+{
+	unsigned long hret;
+	ssize_t ret = 0;
+	size_t catalog_len = 0, catalog_page_len = 0, page_count = 0;
+	loff_t page_offset = 0;
+	uint32_t catalog_version_num = 0;
+	void *page = kmem_cache_alloc(hv_page_cache, GFP_USER);
+	struct hv_24x7_catalog_page_0 *page_0 = page;
+	if (!page)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+
+	hret = h_get_24x7_catalog_page(page, 0, 0);
+	if (hret) {
+		ret = -EIO;
+		goto e_free;
+	}
+
+	catalog_version_num = be32_to_cpu(page_0->version);
+	catalog_page_len = be32_to_cpu(page_0->length);
+	catalog_len = catalog_page_len * 4096;
+
+	page_offset = offset / 4096;
+	page_count  = count  / 4096;
+
+	if (page_offset >= catalog_page_len)
+		goto e_free;
+
+	if (page_offset != 0) {
+		hret = h_get_24x7_catalog_page(page, catalog_version_num,
+					       page_offset);
+		if (hret) {
+			ret = -EIO;
+			goto e_free;
+		}
+	}
+
+	ret = read_offset_data(buf, count, offset,
+				page, 4096, page_offset * 4096);
+e_free:
+	if (hret)
+		pr_err("h_get_24x7_catalog_page(ver=%d, page=%lld) failed: rc=%ld\n",
+				catalog_version_num, page_offset, hret);
+	kfree(page);
+
+	pr_devel("catalog_read: offset=%lld(%lld) count=%zu(%zu) catalog_len=%zu(%zu) => %zd\n",
+			offset, page_offset, count, page_count, catalog_len,
+			catalog_page_len, ret);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+#define PAGE_0_ATTR(_name, _fmt, _expr)				\
+static ssize_t _name##_show(struct device *dev,			\
+			    struct device_attribute *dev_attr,	\
+			    char *buf)				\
+{								\
+	unsigned long hret;					\
+	ssize_t ret = 0;					\
+	void *page = kmem_cache_alloc(hv_page_cache, GFP_USER);	\
+	struct hv_24x7_catalog_page_0 *page_0 = page;		\
+	if (!page)						\
+		return -ENOMEM;					\
+	hret = h_get_24x7_catalog_page(page, 0, 0);		\
+	if (hret) {						\
+		ret = -EIO;					\
+		goto e_free;					\
+	}							\
+	ret = sprintf(buf, _fmt, _expr);			\
+e_free:								\
+	kfree(page);						\
+	return ret;						\
+}								\
+static DEVICE_ATTR_RO(_name)
+
+PAGE_0_ATTR(catalog_version, "%lld\n",
+		(unsigned long long)be32_to_cpu(page_0->version));
+PAGE_0_ATTR(catalog_len, "%lld\n",
+		(unsigned long long)be32_to_cpu(page_0->length) * 4096);
+static BIN_ATTR_RO(catalog, 0/* real length varies */);
+
+static struct bin_attribute *if_bin_attrs[] = {
+	&bin_attr_catalog,
+	NULL,
+};
+
+static struct attribute *if_attrs[] = {
+	&dev_attr_catalog_len.attr,
+	&dev_attr_catalog_version.attr,
+	NULL,
+};
+
+static struct attribute_group if_group = {
+	.name = "interface",
+	.bin_attrs = if_bin_attrs,
+	.attrs = if_attrs,
+};
+
+static const struct attribute_group *attr_groups[] = {
+	&format_group,
+	&if_group,
+	NULL,
+};
+
+static bool is_physical_domain(int domain)
+{
+	return  domain == HV_24X7_PERF_DOMAIN_PHYSICAL_CHIP ||
+		domain == HV_24X7_PERF_DOMAIN_PHYSICAL_CORE;
+}
+
+static unsigned long single_24x7_request(u8 domain, u32 offset, u16 ix,
+					 u16 lpar, u64 *res,
+					 bool success_expected)
+{
+	unsigned long ret;
+
+	/*
+	 * request_buffer and result_buffer are not required to be 4k aligned,
+	 * but are not allowed to cross any 4k boundary. Aligning them to 4k is
+	 * the simplest way to ensure that.
+	 */
+	struct reqb {
+		struct hv_24x7_request_buffer buf;
+		struct hv_24x7_request req;
+	} __packed __aligned(4096) request_buffer = {
+		.buf = {
+			.interface_version = HV_24X7_IF_VERSION_CURRENT,
+			.num_requests = 1,
+		},
+		.req = {
+			.performance_domain = domain,
+			.data_size = cpu_to_be16(8),
+			.data_offset = cpu_to_be32(offset),
+			.starting_lpar_ix = cpu_to_be16(lpar),
+			.max_num_lpars = cpu_to_be16(1),
+			.starting_ix = cpu_to_be16(ix),
+			.max_ix = cpu_to_be16(1),
+		}
+	};
+
+	struct resb {
+		struct hv_24x7_data_result_buffer buf;
+		struct hv_24x7_result res;
+		struct hv_24x7_result_element elem;
+		__be64 result;
+	} __packed __aligned(4096) result_buffer = {};
+
+	ret = plpar_hcall_norets(H_GET_24X7_DATA,
+			virt_to_phys(&request_buffer), sizeof(request_buffer),
+			virt_to_phys(&result_buffer),  sizeof(result_buffer));
+
+	if (ret) {
+		if (success_expected)
+			pr_err_ratelimited("hcall failed: %d %#x %#x %d => 0x%lx (%ld) detail=0x%x failing ix=%x\n",
+					domain, offset, ix, lpar,
+					ret, ret,
+					result_buffer.buf.detailed_rc,
+					result_buffer.buf.failing_request_ix);
+		return ret;
+	}
+
+	*res = be64_to_cpu(result_buffer.result);
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static unsigned long event_24x7_request(struct perf_event *event, u64 *res,
+		bool success_expected)
+{
+	return single_24x7_request(event_get_domain(event),
+				event_get_offset(event),
+				event_get_starting_index(event),
+				event_get_lpar(event),
+				res,
+				success_expected);
+}
+
+static int h_24x7_event_init(struct perf_event *event)
+{
+	struct hv_perf_caps caps;
+	unsigned domain;
+	unsigned long hret;
+	u64 ct;
+
+	/* Not our event */
+	if (event->attr.type != event->pmu->type)
+		return -ENOENT;
+
+	/* Unused areas must be 0 */
+	if (event_get_reserved1(event) ||
+	    event_get_reserved2(event) ||
+	    event_get_reserved3(event)) {
+		pr_devel("reserved set when forbidden 0x%llx(0x%llx) 0x%llx(0x%llx) 0x%llx(0x%llx)\n",
+				event->attr.config,
+				event_get_reserved1(event),
+				event->attr.config1,
+				event_get_reserved2(event),
+				event->attr.config2,
+				event_get_reserved3(event));
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+
+	/* unsupported modes and filters */
+	if (event->attr.exclude_user   ||
+	    event->attr.exclude_kernel ||
+	    event->attr.exclude_hv     ||
+	    event->attr.exclude_idle   ||
+	    event->attr.exclude_host   ||
+	    event->attr.exclude_guest  ||
+	    is_sampling_event(event)) /* no sampling */
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	/* no branch sampling */
+	if (has_branch_stack(event))
+		return -EOPNOTSUPP;
+
+	/* offset must be 8 byte aligned */
+	if (event_get_offset(event) % 8) {
+		pr_devel("bad alignment\n");
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+
+	/* Domains above 6 are invalid */
+	domain = event_get_domain(event);
+	if (domain > 6) {
+		pr_devel("invalid domain %d\n", domain);
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+
+	hret = hv_perf_caps_get(&caps);
+	if (hret) {
+		pr_devel("could not get capabilities: rc=%ld\n", hret);
+		return -EIO;
+	}
+
+	/* PHYSICAL domains & other lpars require extra capabilities */
+	if (!caps.collect_privileged && (is_physical_domain(domain) ||
+		(event_get_lpar(event) != event_get_lpar_max()))) {
+		pr_devel("hv permisions disallow: is_physical_domain:%d, lpar=0x%llx\n",
+				is_physical_domain(domain),
+				event_get_lpar(event));
+		return -EACCES;
+	}
+
+	/* see if the event complains */
+	if (event_24x7_request(event, &ct, false)) {
+		pr_devel("test hcall failed\n");
+		return -EIO;
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static u64 h_24x7_get_value(struct perf_event *event)
+{
+	unsigned long ret;
+	u64 ct;
+	ret = event_24x7_request(event, &ct, true);
+	if (ret)
+		/* We checked this in event init, shouldn't fail here... */
+		return 0;
+
+	return ct;
+}
+
+static void h_24x7_event_update(struct perf_event *event)
+{
+	s64 prev;
+	u64 now;
+	now = h_24x7_get_value(event);
+	prev = local64_xchg(&event->hw.prev_count, now);
+	local64_add(now - prev, &event->count);
+}
+
+static void h_24x7_event_start(struct perf_event *event, int flags)
+{
+	if (flags & PERF_EF_RELOAD)
+		local64_set(&event->hw.prev_count, h_24x7_get_value(event));
+}
+
+static void h_24x7_event_stop(struct perf_event *event, int flags)
+{
+	h_24x7_event_update(event);
+}
+
+static int h_24x7_event_add(struct perf_event *event, int flags)
+{
+	if (flags & PERF_EF_START)
+		h_24x7_event_start(event, flags);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int h_24x7_event_idx(struct perf_event *event)
+{
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static struct pmu h_24x7_pmu = {
+	.task_ctx_nr = perf_invalid_context,
+
+	.name = "hv_24x7",
+	.attr_groups = attr_groups,
+	.event_init  = h_24x7_event_init,
+	.add         = h_24x7_event_add,
+	.del         = h_24x7_event_stop,
+	.start       = h_24x7_event_start,
+	.stop        = h_24x7_event_stop,
+	.read        = h_24x7_event_update,
+	.event_idx   = h_24x7_event_idx,
+};
+
+static int hv_24x7_init(void)
+{
+	int r;
+	unsigned long hret;
+	struct hv_perf_caps caps;
+
+	if (!firmware_has_feature(FW_FEATURE_LPAR)) {
+		pr_info("not a virtualized system, not enabling\n");
+		return -ENODEV;
+	}
+
+	hret = hv_perf_caps_get(&caps);
+	if (hret) {
+		pr_info("could not obtain capabilities, error 0x%80lx, not enabling\n",
+				hret);
+		return -ENODEV;
+	}
+
+	hv_page_cache = kmem_cache_create("hv-page-4096", 4096, 4096, 0, NULL);
+	if (!hv_page_cache)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+
+	r = perf_pmu_register(&h_24x7_pmu, h_24x7_pmu.name, -1);
+	if (r)
+		return r;
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+device_initcall(hv_24x7_init);