Patchwork [64/71] nf_conntrack: nf_conntrack_alloc() fixes

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Submitter gregkh@suse.de
Date July 28, 2009, 11:41 p.m.
Message ID <20090728234201.430401674@mini.kroah.org>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/30326/
State Not Applicable
Delegated to: David Miller
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gregkh@suse.de - July 28, 2009, 11:41 p.m.
2.6.30-stable review patch.  If anyone has any objections, please let us know.

------------------

From: Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet@gmail.com>

commit 941297f443f871b8c3372feccf27a8733f6ce9e9 upstream.

When a slab cache uses SLAB_DESTROY_BY_RCU, we must be careful when allocating
objects, since slab allocator could give a freed object still used by lockless
readers.

In particular, nf_conntrack RCU lookups rely on ct->tuplehash[xxx].hnnode.next
being always valid (ie containing a valid 'nulls' value, or a valid pointer to next
object in hash chain.)

kmem_cache_zalloc() setups object with NULL values, but a NULL value is not valid
for ct->tuplehash[xxx].hnnode.next.

Fix is to call kmem_cache_alloc() and do the zeroing ourself.

As spotted by Patrick, we also need to make sure lookup keys are committed to
memory before setting refcount to 1, or a lockless reader could get a reference
on the old version of the object. Its key re-check could then pass the barrier.

Signed-off-by: Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Patrick McHardy <kaber@trash.net>
Acked-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@suse.de>

---
 Documentation/RCU/rculist_nulls.txt |    7 ++++++-
 net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_core.c   |   21 ++++++++++++++++++---
 2 files changed, 24 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)



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Patch

--- a/Documentation/RCU/rculist_nulls.txt
+++ b/Documentation/RCU/rculist_nulls.txt
@@ -83,11 +83,12 @@  not detect it missed following items in 
 obj = kmem_cache_alloc(...);
 lock_chain(); // typically a spin_lock()
 obj->key = key;
-atomic_inc(&obj->refcnt);
 /*
  * we need to make sure obj->key is updated before obj->next
+ * or obj->refcnt
  */
 smp_wmb();
+atomic_set(&obj->refcnt, 1);
 hlist_add_head_rcu(&obj->obj_node, list);
 unlock_chain(); // typically a spin_unlock()
 
@@ -159,6 +160,10 @@  out:
 obj = kmem_cache_alloc(cachep);
 lock_chain(); // typically a spin_lock()
 obj->key = key;
+/*
+ * changes to obj->key must be visible before refcnt one
+ */
+smp_wmb();
 atomic_set(&obj->refcnt, 1);
 /*
  * insert obj in RCU way (readers might be traversing chain)
--- a/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_core.c
+++ b/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_core.c
@@ -525,22 +525,37 @@  struct nf_conn *nf_conntrack_alloc(struc
 		}
 	}
 
-	ct = kmem_cache_zalloc(nf_conntrack_cachep, gfp);
+	/*
+	 * Do not use kmem_cache_zalloc(), as this cache uses
+	 * SLAB_DESTROY_BY_RCU.
+	 */
+	ct = kmem_cache_alloc(nf_conntrack_cachep, gfp);
 	if (ct == NULL) {
 		pr_debug("nf_conntrack_alloc: Can't alloc conntrack.\n");
 		atomic_dec(&net->ct.count);
 		return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
 	}
-
-	atomic_set(&ct->ct_general.use, 1);
+	/*
+	 * Let ct->tuplehash[IP_CT_DIR_ORIGINAL].hnnode.next
+	 * and ct->tuplehash[IP_CT_DIR_REPLY].hnnode.next unchanged.
+	 */
+	memset(&ct->tuplehash[IP_CT_DIR_MAX], 0,
+	       sizeof(*ct) - offsetof(struct nf_conn, tuplehash[IP_CT_DIR_MAX]));
 	ct->tuplehash[IP_CT_DIR_ORIGINAL].tuple = *orig;
+	ct->tuplehash[IP_CT_DIR_ORIGINAL].hnnode.pprev = NULL;
 	ct->tuplehash[IP_CT_DIR_REPLY].tuple = *repl;
+	ct->tuplehash[IP_CT_DIR_REPLY].hnnode.pprev = NULL;
 	/* Don't set timer yet: wait for confirmation */
 	setup_timer(&ct->timeout, death_by_timeout, (unsigned long)ct);
 #ifdef CONFIG_NET_NS
 	ct->ct_net = net;
 #endif
 
+	/*
+	 * changes to lookup keys must be done before setting refcnt to 1
+	 */
+	smp_wmb();
+	atomic_set(&ct->ct_general.use, 1);
 	return ct;
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(nf_conntrack_alloc);