Patchwork [RFC] arch: Introduce new TSO memory barrier smp_tmb()

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Submitter Peter Zijlstra
Date Nov. 6, 2013, 12:39 p.m.
Message ID <20131106123946.GJ10651@twins.programming.kicks-ass.net>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/288864/
State Not Applicable
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Peter Zijlstra - Nov. 6, 2013, 12:39 p.m.
Subject: arch: Introduce smp_load_acquire(), smp_store_release()
From: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Date: Mon, 4 Nov 2013 20:18:11 +0100

A number of situations currently require the heavyweight smp_mb(),
even though there is no need to order prior stores against later
loads.  Many architectures have much cheaper ways to handle these
situations, but the Linux kernel currently has no portable way
to make use of them.

This commit therefore supplies smp_load_acquire() and
smp_store_release() to remedy this situation.  The new
smp_load_acquire() primitive orders the specified load against
any subsequent reads or writes, while the new smp_store_release()
primitive orders the specifed store against any prior reads or
writes.  These primitives allow array-based circular FIFOs to be
implemented without an smp_mb(), and also allow a theoretical
hole in rcu_assign_pointer() to be closed at no additional
expense on most architectures.

In addition, the RCU experience transitioning from explicit
smp_read_barrier_depends() and smp_wmb() to rcu_dereference()
and rcu_assign_pointer(), respectively resulted in substantial
improvements in readability.  It therefore seems likely that
replacing other explicit barriers with smp_load_acquire() and
smp_store_release() will provide similar benefits.  It appears
that roughly half of the explicit barriers in core kernel code
might be so replaced.

Cc: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com>
Cc: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@polymtl.ca>
Cc: Michael Ellerman <michael@ellerman.id.au>
Cc: Michael Neuling <mikey@neuling.org>
Cc: "Paul E. McKenney" <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Victor Kaplansky <VICTORK@il.ibm.com>
Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com>
Cc: Anton Blanchard <anton@samba.org>
Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
---
 Documentation/memory-barriers.txt     |  157 +++++++++++++++++-----------------
 arch/alpha/include/asm/barrier.h      |   15 +++
 arch/arc/include/asm/barrier.h        |   15 +++
 arch/arm/include/asm/barrier.h        |   15 +++
 arch/arm64/include/asm/barrier.h      |   50 ++++++++++
 arch/avr32/include/asm/barrier.h      |   14 +++
 arch/blackfin/include/asm/barrier.h   |   15 +++
 arch/cris/include/asm/barrier.h       |   15 +++
 arch/frv/include/asm/barrier.h        |   15 +++
 arch/h8300/include/asm/barrier.h      |   15 +++
 arch/hexagon/include/asm/barrier.h    |   15 +++
 arch/ia64/include/asm/barrier.h       |   49 ++++++++++
 arch/m32r/include/asm/barrier.h       |   15 +++
 arch/m68k/include/asm/barrier.h       |   15 +++
 arch/metag/include/asm/barrier.h      |   15 +++
 arch/microblaze/include/asm/barrier.h |   15 +++
 arch/mips/include/asm/barrier.h       |   15 +++
 arch/mn10300/include/asm/barrier.h    |   15 +++
 arch/parisc/include/asm/barrier.h     |   15 +++
 arch/powerpc/include/asm/barrier.h    |   21 ++++
 arch/s390/include/asm/barrier.h       |   15 +++
 arch/score/include/asm/barrier.h      |   15 +++
 arch/sh/include/asm/barrier.h         |   15 +++
 arch/sparc/include/asm/barrier_32.h   |   15 +++
 arch/sparc/include/asm/barrier_64.h   |   15 +++
 arch/tile/include/asm/barrier.h       |   15 +++
 arch/unicore32/include/asm/barrier.h  |   15 +++
 arch/x86/include/asm/barrier.h        |   15 +++
 arch/xtensa/include/asm/barrier.h     |   15 +++
 include/linux/compiler.h              |    9 +
 30 files changed, 581 insertions(+), 79 deletions(-)
Geert Uytterhoeven - Nov. 6, 2013, 12:51 p.m.
On Wed, Nov 6, 2013 at 1:39 PM, Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> wrote:
>  Documentation/memory-barriers.txt     |  157 +++++++++++++++++-----------------
>  arch/alpha/include/asm/barrier.h      |   15 +++
>  arch/arc/include/asm/barrier.h        |   15 +++
>  arch/arm/include/asm/barrier.h        |   15 +++
>  arch/arm64/include/asm/barrier.h      |   50 ++++++++++
>  arch/avr32/include/asm/barrier.h      |   14 +++
>  arch/blackfin/include/asm/barrier.h   |   15 +++
>  arch/cris/include/asm/barrier.h       |   15 +++
>  arch/frv/include/asm/barrier.h        |   15 +++
>  arch/h8300/include/asm/barrier.h      |   15 +++
>  arch/hexagon/include/asm/barrier.h    |   15 +++
>  arch/ia64/include/asm/barrier.h       |   49 ++++++++++
>  arch/m32r/include/asm/barrier.h       |   15 +++
>  arch/m68k/include/asm/barrier.h       |   15 +++
>  arch/metag/include/asm/barrier.h      |   15 +++
>  arch/microblaze/include/asm/barrier.h |   15 +++
>  arch/mips/include/asm/barrier.h       |   15 +++
>  arch/mn10300/include/asm/barrier.h    |   15 +++
>  arch/parisc/include/asm/barrier.h     |   15 +++
>  arch/powerpc/include/asm/barrier.h    |   21 ++++
>  arch/s390/include/asm/barrier.h       |   15 +++
>  arch/score/include/asm/barrier.h      |   15 +++
>  arch/sh/include/asm/barrier.h         |   15 +++
>  arch/sparc/include/asm/barrier_32.h   |   15 +++
>  arch/sparc/include/asm/barrier_64.h   |   15 +++
>  arch/tile/include/asm/barrier.h       |   15 +++
>  arch/unicore32/include/asm/barrier.h  |   15 +++
>  arch/x86/include/asm/barrier.h        |   15 +++
>  arch/xtensa/include/asm/barrier.h     |   15 +++
>  include/linux/compiler.h              |    9 +
>  30 files changed, 581 insertions(+), 79 deletions(-)

This is screaming for a default implementation in asm-generic.

Gr{oetje,eeting}s,

                        Geert

--
Geert Uytterhoeven -- There's lots of Linux beyond ia32 -- geert@linux-m68k.org

In personal conversations with technical people, I call myself a hacker. But
when I'm talking to journalists I just say "programmer" or something like that.
                                -- Linus Torvalds

Patch

--- a/Documentation/memory-barriers.txt
+++ b/Documentation/memory-barriers.txt
@@ -371,33 +371,35 @@  VARIETIES OF MEMORY BARRIER
 
 And a couple of implicit varieties:
 
- (5) LOCK operations.
+ (5) ACQUIRE operations.
 
      This acts as a one-way permeable barrier.  It guarantees that all memory
-     operations after the LOCK operation will appear to happen after the LOCK
-     operation with respect to the other components of the system.
+     operations after the ACQUIRE operation will appear to happen after the
+     ACQUIRE operation with respect to the other components of the system.
 
-     Memory operations that occur before a LOCK operation may appear to happen
-     after it completes.
+     Memory operations that occur before a ACQUIRE operation may appear to
+     happen after it completes.
 
-     A LOCK operation should almost always be paired with an UNLOCK operation.
+     A ACQUIRE operation should almost always be paired with an RELEASE
+     operation.
 
 
- (6) UNLOCK operations.
+ (6) RELEASE operations.
 
      This also acts as a one-way permeable barrier.  It guarantees that all
-     memory operations before the UNLOCK operation will appear to happen before
-     the UNLOCK operation with respect to the other components of the system.
+     memory operations before the RELEASE operation will appear to happen
+     before the RELEASE operation with respect to the other components of the
+     system.
 
-     Memory operations that occur after an UNLOCK operation may appear to
+     Memory operations that occur after an RELEASE operation may appear to
      happen before it completes.
 
-     LOCK and UNLOCK operations are guaranteed to appear with respect to each
-     other strictly in the order specified.
+     ACQUIRE and RELEASE operations are guaranteed to appear with respect to
+     each other strictly in the order specified.
 
-     The use of LOCK and UNLOCK operations generally precludes the need for
-     other sorts of memory barrier (but note the exceptions mentioned in the
-     subsection "MMIO write barrier").
+     The use of ACQUIRE and RELEASE operations generally precludes the need
+     for other sorts of memory barrier (but note the exceptions mentioned in
+     the subsection "MMIO write barrier").
 
 
 Memory barriers are only required where there's a possibility of interaction
@@ -1135,7 +1137,7 @@  CPU from reordering them.
 	clear_bit( ... );
 
      This prevents memory operations before the clear leaking to after it.  See
-     the subsection on "Locking Functions" with reference to UNLOCK operation
+     the subsection on "Locking Functions" with reference to RELEASE operation
      implications.
 
      See Documentation/atomic_ops.txt for more information.  See the "Atomic
@@ -1181,65 +1183,66 @@  LOCKING FUNCTIONS
  (*) R/W semaphores
  (*) RCU
 
-In all cases there are variants on "LOCK" operations and "UNLOCK" operations
+In all cases there are variants on "ACQUIRE" operations and "RELEASE" operations
 for each construct.  These operations all imply certain barriers:
 
- (1) LOCK operation implication:
+ (1) ACQUIRE operation implication:
 
-     Memory operations issued after the LOCK will be completed after the LOCK
-     operation has completed.
+     Memory operations issued after the ACQUIRE will be completed after the
+     ACQUIRE operation has completed.
 
-     Memory operations issued before the LOCK may be completed after the LOCK
-     operation has completed.
+     Memory operations issued before the ACQUIRE may be completed after the
+     ACQUIRE operation has completed.
 
- (2) UNLOCK operation implication:
+ (2) RELEASE operation implication:
 
-     Memory operations issued before the UNLOCK will be completed before the
-     UNLOCK operation has completed.
+     Memory operations issued before the RELEASE will be completed before the
+     RELEASE operation has completed.
 
-     Memory operations issued after the UNLOCK may be completed before the
-     UNLOCK operation has completed.
+     Memory operations issued after the RELEASE may be completed before the
+     RELEASE operation has completed.
 
- (3) LOCK vs LOCK implication:
+ (3) ACQUIRE vs ACQUIRE implication:
 
-     All LOCK operations issued before another LOCK operation will be completed
-     before that LOCK operation.
+     All ACQUIRE operations issued before another ACQUIRE operation will be
+     completed before that ACQUIRE operation.
 
- (4) LOCK vs UNLOCK implication:
+ (4) ACQUIRE vs RELEASE implication:
 
-     All LOCK operations issued before an UNLOCK operation will be completed
-     before the UNLOCK operation.
+     All ACQUIRE operations issued before an RELEASE operation will be
+     completed before the RELEASE operation.
 
-     All UNLOCK operations issued before a LOCK operation will be completed
-     before the LOCK operation.
+     All RELEASE operations issued before a ACQUIRE operation will be
+     completed before the ACQUIRE operation.
 
- (5) Failed conditional LOCK implication:
+ (5) Failed conditional ACQUIRE implication:
 
-     Certain variants of the LOCK operation may fail, either due to being
+     Certain variants of the ACQUIRE operation may fail, either due to being
      unable to get the lock immediately, or due to receiving an unblocked
      signal whilst asleep waiting for the lock to become available.  Failed
      locks do not imply any sort of barrier.
 
-Therefore, from (1), (2) and (4) an UNLOCK followed by an unconditional LOCK is
-equivalent to a full barrier, but a LOCK followed by an UNLOCK is not.
+Therefore, from (1), (2) and (4) an RELEASE followed by an unconditional
+ACQUIRE is equivalent to a full barrier, but a ACQUIRE followed by an RELEASE
+is not.
 
 [!] Note: one of the consequences of LOCKs and UNLOCKs being only one-way
     barriers is that the effects of instructions outside of a critical section
     may seep into the inside of the critical section.
 
-A LOCK followed by an UNLOCK may not be assumed to be full memory barrier
-because it is possible for an access preceding the LOCK to happen after the
-LOCK, and an access following the UNLOCK to happen before the UNLOCK, and the
-two accesses can themselves then cross:
+A ACQUIRE followed by an RELEASE may not be assumed to be full memory barrier
+because it is possible for an access preceding the ACQUIRE to happen after the
+ACQUIRE, and an access following the RELEASE to happen before the RELEASE, and
+the two accesses can themselves then cross:
 
 	*A = a;
-	LOCK
-	UNLOCK
+	ACQUIRE
+	RELEASE
 	*B = b;
 
 may occur as:
 
-	LOCK, STORE *B, STORE *A, UNLOCK
+	ACQUIRE, STORE *B, STORE *A, RELEASE
 
 Locks and semaphores may not provide any guarantee of ordering on UP compiled
 systems, and so cannot be counted on in such a situation to actually achieve
@@ -1253,33 +1256,33 @@  See also the section on "Inter-CPU locki
 
 	*A = a;
 	*B = b;
-	LOCK
+	ACQUIRE
 	*C = c;
 	*D = d;
-	UNLOCK
+	RELEASE
 	*E = e;
 	*F = f;
 
 The following sequence of events is acceptable:
 
-	LOCK, {*F,*A}, *E, {*C,*D}, *B, UNLOCK
+	ACQUIRE, {*F,*A}, *E, {*C,*D}, *B, RELEASE
 
 	[+] Note that {*F,*A} indicates a combined access.
 
 But none of the following are:
 
-	{*F,*A}, *B,	LOCK, *C, *D,	UNLOCK, *E
-	*A, *B, *C,	LOCK, *D,	UNLOCK, *E, *F
-	*A, *B,		LOCK, *C,	UNLOCK, *D, *E, *F
-	*B,		LOCK, *C, *D,	UNLOCK, {*F,*A}, *E
+	{*F,*A}, *B,	ACQUIRE, *C, *D,	RELEASE, *E
+	*A, *B, *C,	ACQUIRE, *D,		RELEASE, *E, *F
+	*A, *B,		ACQUIRE, *C,		RELEASE, *D, *E, *F
+	*B,		ACQUIRE, *C, *D,	RELEASE, {*F,*A}, *E
 
 
 
 INTERRUPT DISABLING FUNCTIONS
 -----------------------------
 
-Functions that disable interrupts (LOCK equivalent) and enable interrupts
-(UNLOCK equivalent) will act as compiler barriers only.  So if memory or I/O
+Functions that disable interrupts (ACQUIRE equivalent) and enable interrupts
+(RELEASE equivalent) will act as compiler barriers only.  So if memory or I/O
 barriers are required in such a situation, they must be provided from some
 other means.
 
@@ -1436,24 +1439,24 @@  Consider the following: the system has a
 	CPU 1				CPU 2
 	===============================	===============================
 	*A = a;				*E = e;
-	LOCK M				LOCK Q
+	ACQUIRE M			ACQUIRE Q
 	*B = b;				*F = f;
 	*C = c;				*G = g;
-	UNLOCK M			UNLOCK Q
+	RELEASE M			RELEASE Q
 	*D = d;				*H = h;
 
 Then there is no guarantee as to what order CPU 3 will see the accesses to *A
 through *H occur in, other than the constraints imposed by the separate locks
 on the separate CPUs. It might, for example, see:
 
-	*E, LOCK M, LOCK Q, *G, *C, *F, *A, *B, UNLOCK Q, *D, *H, UNLOCK M
+	*E, ACQUIRE M, ACQUIRE Q, *G, *C, *F, *A, *B, RELEASE Q, *D, *H, RELEASE M
 
 But it won't see any of:
 
-	*B, *C or *D preceding LOCK M
-	*A, *B or *C following UNLOCK M
-	*F, *G or *H preceding LOCK Q
-	*E, *F or *G following UNLOCK Q
+	*B, *C or *D preceding ACQUIRE M
+	*A, *B or *C following RELEASE M
+	*F, *G or *H preceding ACQUIRE Q
+	*E, *F or *G following RELEASE Q
 
 
 However, if the following occurs:
@@ -1461,28 +1464,28 @@  through *H occur in, other than the cons
 	CPU 1				CPU 2
 	===============================	===============================
 	*A = a;
-	LOCK M		[1]
+	ACQUIRE M	[1]
 	*B = b;
 	*C = c;
-	UNLOCK M	[1]
+	RELEASE M	[1]
 	*D = d;				*E = e;
-					LOCK M		[2]
+					ACQUIRE M	[2]
 					*F = f;
 					*G = g;
-					UNLOCK M	[2]
+					RELEASE M	[2]
 					*H = h;
 
 CPU 3 might see:
 
-	*E, LOCK M [1], *C, *B, *A, UNLOCK M [1],
-		LOCK M [2], *H, *F, *G, UNLOCK M [2], *D
+	*E, ACQUIRE M [1], *C, *B, *A, RELEASE M [1],
+	    ACQUIRE M [2], *H, *F, *G, RELEASE M [2], *D
 
 But assuming CPU 1 gets the lock first, CPU 3 won't see any of:
 
-	*B, *C, *D, *F, *G or *H preceding LOCK M [1]
-	*A, *B or *C following UNLOCK M [1]
-	*F, *G or *H preceding LOCK M [2]
-	*A, *B, *C, *E, *F or *G following UNLOCK M [2]
+	*B, *C, *D, *F, *G or *H preceding ACQUIRE M [1]
+	*A, *B or *C following RELEASE M [1]
+	*F, *G or *H preceding ACQUIRE M [2]
+	*A, *B, *C, *E, *F or *G following RELEASE M [2]
 
 
 LOCKS VS I/O ACCESSES
@@ -1702,13 +1705,13 @@  about the state (old or new) implies an
 	test_and_clear_bit();
 	test_and_change_bit();
 
-These are used for such things as implementing LOCK-class and UNLOCK-class
+These are used for such things as implementing ACQUIRE-class and RELEASE-class
 operations and adjusting reference counters towards object destruction, and as
 such the implicit memory barrier effects are necessary.
 
 
 The following operations are potential problems as they do _not_ imply memory
-barriers, but might be used for implementing such things as UNLOCK-class
+barriers, but might be used for implementing such things as RELEASE-class
 operations:
 
 	atomic_set();
@@ -1750,9 +1753,9 @@  barriers are needed or not.
 	clear_bit_unlock();
 	__clear_bit_unlock();
 
-These implement LOCK-class and UNLOCK-class operations. These should be used in
-preference to other operations when implementing locking primitives, because
-their implementations can be optimised on many architectures.
+These implement ACQUIRE-class and RELEASE-class operations. These should be
+used in preference to other operations when implementing locking primitives,
+because their implementations can be optimised on many architectures.
 
 [!] Note that special memory barrier primitives are available for these
 situations because on some CPUs the atomic instructions used imply full memory
--- a/arch/alpha/include/asm/barrier.h
+++ b/arch/alpha/include/asm/barrier.h
@@ -29,6 +29,21 @@  __asm__ __volatile__("mb": : :"memory")
 #define smp_read_barrier_depends()	do { } while (0)
 #endif
 
+#define smp_store_release(p, v)						\
+do {									\
+	compiletime_assert_atomic_type(*p);				\
+	smp_mb();							\
+	ACCESS_ONCE(*p) = (v);						\
+} while (0)
+
+#define smp_load_acquire(p)						\
+({									\
+	typeof(p) ___p1 = ACCESS_ONCE(*p);				\
+	compiletime_assert_atomic_type(*p);				\
+	smp_mb();							\
+	___p1;								\
+})
+
 #define set_mb(var, value) \
 do { var = value; mb(); } while (0)
 
--- a/arch/arc/include/asm/barrier.h
+++ b/arch/arc/include/asm/barrier.h
@@ -30,6 +30,21 @@ 
 #define smp_wmb()       barrier()
 #endif
 
+#define smp_store_release(p, v)						\
+do {									\
+	compiletime_assert_atomic_type(*p);				\
+	smp_mb();							\
+	ACCESS_ONCE(*p) = (v);						\
+} while (0)
+
+#define smp_load_acquire(p)						\
+({									\
+	typeof(p) ___p1 = ACCESS_ONCE(*p);				\
+	compiletime_assert_atomic_type(*p);				\
+	smp_mb();							\
+	___p1;								\
+})
+
 #define smp_mb__before_atomic_dec()	barrier()
 #define smp_mb__after_atomic_dec()	barrier()
 #define smp_mb__before_atomic_inc()	barrier()
--- a/arch/arm/include/asm/barrier.h
+++ b/arch/arm/include/asm/barrier.h
@@ -59,6 +59,21 @@ 
 #define smp_wmb()	dmb(ishst)
 #endif
 
+#define smp_store_release(p, v)						\
+do {									\
+	compiletime_assert_atomic_type(*p);				\
+	smp_mb();							\
+	ACCESS_ONCE(*p) = (v);						\
+} while (0)
+
+#define smp_load_acquire(p)						\
+({									\
+	typeof(p) ___p1 = ACCESS_ONCE(*p);				\
+	compiletime_assert_atomic_type(*p);				\
+	smp_mb();							\
+	___p1;								\
+})
+
 #define read_barrier_depends()		do { } while(0)
 #define smp_read_barrier_depends()	do { } while(0)
 
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/barrier.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/barrier.h
@@ -35,11 +35,59 @@ 
 #define smp_mb()	barrier()
 #define smp_rmb()	barrier()
 #define smp_wmb()	barrier()
+
+#define smp_store_release(p, v)						\
+do {									\
+	compiletime_assert_atomic_type(*p);				\
+	smp_mb();							\
+	ACCESS_ONCE(*p) = (v);						\
+} while (0)
+
+#define smp_load_acquire(p)						\
+({									\
+	typeof(p) ___p1 = ACCESS_ONCE(*p);				\
+	compiletime_assert_atomic_type(*p);				\
+	smp_mb();							\
+	___p1;								\
+})
+
 #else
+
 #define smp_mb()	asm volatile("dmb ish" : : : "memory")
 #define smp_rmb()	asm volatile("dmb ishld" : : : "memory")
 #define smp_wmb()	asm volatile("dmb ishst" : : : "memory")
-#endif
+
+#define smp_store_release(p, v)						\
+do {									\
+	compiletime_assert_atomic_type(*p);				\
+	switch (sizeof(*p)) {						\
+	case 4:								\
+		asm volatile ("stlr %w1, [%0]"				\
+				: "=Q" (*p) : "r" (v) : "memory");	\
+		break;							\
+	case 8:								\
+		asm volatile ("stlr %1, [%0]"				\
+				: "=Q" (*p) : "r" (v) : "memory");	\
+		break;							\
+	}								\
+} while (0)
+
+#define smp_load_acquire(p)						\
+({									\
+	typeof(*p) ___p1;						\
+	compiletime_assert_atomic_type(*p);				\
+	switch (sizeof(*p)) {						\
+	case 4:								\
+		asm volatile ("ldar %w0, [%1]"				\
+			: "=r" (___p1) : "Q" (*p) : "memory");		\
+		break;							\
+	case 8:								\
+		asm volatile ("ldar %0, [%1]"				\
+			: "=r" (___p1) : "Q" (*p) : "memory");		\
+		break;							\
+	}								\
+	___p1;								\
+})
 
 #define read_barrier_depends()		do { } while(0)
 #define smp_read_barrier_depends()	do { } while(0)
--- a/arch/avr32/include/asm/barrier.h
+++ b/arch/avr32/include/asm/barrier.h
@@ -25,5 +25,19 @@ 
 # define smp_read_barrier_depends() do { } while(0)
 #endif
 
+#define smp_store_release(p, v)						\
+do {									\
+	compiletime_assert_atomic_type(*p);				\
+	smp_mb();							\
+	ACCESS_ONCE(*p) = (v);						\
+} while (0)
+
+#define smp_load_acquire(p)						\
+({									\
+	typeof(p) ___p1 = ACCESS_ONCE(*p);				\
+	compiletime_assert_atomic_type(*p);				\
+	smp_mb();							\
+	___p1;								\
+})
 
 #endif /* __ASM_AVR32_BARRIER_H */
--- a/arch/blackfin/include/asm/barrier.h
+++ b/arch/blackfin/include/asm/barrier.h
@@ -45,4 +45,19 @@ 
 #define set_mb(var, value) do { var = value; mb(); } while (0)
 #define smp_read_barrier_depends()	read_barrier_depends()
 
+#define smp_store_release(p, v)						\
+do {									\
+	compiletime_assert_atomic_type(*p);				\
+	smp_mb();							\
+	ACCESS_ONCE(*p) = (v);						\
+} while (0)
+
+#define smp_load_acquire(p)						\
+({									\
+	typeof(p) ___p1 = ACCESS_ONCE(*p);				\
+	compiletime_assert_atomic_type(*p);				\
+	smp_mb();							\
+	___p1;								\
+})
+
 #endif /* _BLACKFIN_BARRIER_H */
--- a/arch/cris/include/asm/barrier.h
+++ b/arch/cris/include/asm/barrier.h
@@ -22,4 +22,19 @@ 
 #define smp_read_barrier_depends()     do { } while(0)
 #endif
 
+#define smp_store_release(p, v)						\
+do {									\
+	compiletime_assert_atomic_type(*p);				\
+	smp_mb();							\
+	ACCESS_ONCE(*p) = (v);						\
+} while (0)
+
+#define smp_load_acquire(p)						\
+({									\
+	typeof(p) ___p1 = ACCESS_ONCE(*p);				\
+	compiletime_assert_atomic_type(*p);				\
+	smp_mb();							\
+	___p1;								\
+})
+
 #endif /* __ASM_CRIS_BARRIER_H */
--- a/arch/frv/include/asm/barrier.h
+++ b/arch/frv/include/asm/barrier.h
@@ -26,4 +26,19 @@ 
 #define set_mb(var, value) \
 	do { var = (value); barrier(); } while (0)
 
+#define smp_store_release(p, v)						\
+do {									\
+	compiletime_assert_atomic_type(*p);				\
+	smp_mb();							\
+	ACCESS_ONCE(*p) = (v);						\
+} while (0)
+
+#define smp_load_acquire(p)						\
+({									\
+	typeof(p) ___p1 = ACCESS_ONCE(*p);				\
+	compiletime_assert_atomic_type(*p);				\
+	smp_mb();							\
+	___p1;								\
+})
+
 #endif /* _ASM_BARRIER_H */
--- a/arch/h8300/include/asm/barrier.h
+++ b/arch/h8300/include/asm/barrier.h
@@ -26,4 +26,19 @@ 
 #define smp_read_barrier_depends()	do { } while(0)
 #endif
 
+#define smp_store_release(p, v)						\
+do {									\
+	compiletime_assert_atomic_type(*p);				\
+	smp_mb();							\
+	ACCESS_ONCE(*p) = (v);						\
+} while (0)
+
+#define smp_load_acquire(p)						\
+({									\
+	typeof(p) ___p1 = ACCESS_ONCE(*p);				\
+	compiletime_assert_atomic_type(*p);				\
+	smp_mb();							\
+	___p1;								\
+})
+
 #endif /* _H8300_BARRIER_H */
--- a/arch/hexagon/include/asm/barrier.h
+++ b/arch/hexagon/include/asm/barrier.h
@@ -38,4 +38,19 @@ 
 #define set_mb(var, value) \
 	do { var = value; mb(); } while (0)
 
+#define smp_store_release(p, v)						\
+do {									\
+	compiletime_assert_atomic_type(*p);				\
+	smp_mb();							\
+	ACCESS_ONCE(*p) = (v);						\
+} while (0)
+
+#define smp_load_acquire(p)						\
+({									\
+	typeof(p) ___p1 = ACCESS_ONCE(*p);				\
+	compiletime_assert_atomic_type(*p);				\
+	smp_mb();							\
+	___p1;								\
+})
+
 #endif /* _ASM_BARRIER_H */
--- a/arch/ia64/include/asm/barrier.h
+++ b/arch/ia64/include/asm/barrier.h
@@ -45,11 +45,60 @@ 
 # define smp_rmb()	rmb()
 # define smp_wmb()	wmb()
 # define smp_read_barrier_depends()	read_barrier_depends()
+
+#define smp_store_release(p, v)						\
+do {									\
+	compiletime_assert_atomic_type(*p);				\
+	switch (sizeof(*p)) {						\
+	case 4:								\
+		asm volatile ("st4.rel [%0]=%1"				\
+				: "=r" (p) : "r" (v) : "memory");	\
+		break;							\
+	case 8:								\
+		asm volatile ("st8.rel [%0]=%1"				\
+				: "=r" (p) : "r" (v) : "memory");	\
+		break;							\
+	}								\
+} while (0)
+
+#define smp_load_acquire(p)						\
+({									\
+	typeof(p) ___p1;						\
+	compiletime_assert_atomic_type(*p);				\
+	switch (sizeof(*p)) {						\
+	case 4:								\
+		asm volatile ("ld4.acq %0=[%1]"				\
+				: "=r" (___p1) : "r" (p) : "memory");	\
+		break;							\
+	case 8:								\
+		asm volatile ("ld8.acq %0=[%1]"				\
+				: "=r" (___p1) : "r" (p) : "memory");	\
+		break;							\
+	}								\
+	___p1;								\
+})
+
 #else
+
 # define smp_mb()	barrier()
 # define smp_rmb()	barrier()
 # define smp_wmb()	barrier()
 # define smp_read_barrier_depends()	do { } while(0)
+
+#define smp_store_release(p, v)						\
+do {									\
+	compiletime_assert_atomic_type(*p);				\
+	smp_mb();							\
+	ACCESS_ONCE(*p) = (v);						\
+} while (0)
+
+#define smp_load_acquire(p)						\
+({									\
+	typeof(p) ___p1 = ACCESS_ONCE(*p);				\
+	compiletime_assert_atomic_type(*p);				\
+	smp_mb();							\
+	___p1;								\
+})
 #endif
 
 /*
--- a/arch/m32r/include/asm/barrier.h
+++ b/arch/m32r/include/asm/barrier.h
@@ -91,4 +91,19 @@ 
 #define set_mb(var, value) do { var = value; barrier(); } while (0)
 #endif
 
+#define smp_store_release(p, v)						\
+do {									\
+	compiletime_assert_atomic_type(*p);				\
+	smp_mb();							\
+	ACCESS_ONCE(*p) = (v);						\
+} while (0)
+
+#define smp_load_acquire(p)						\
+({									\
+	typeof(p) ___p1 = ACCESS_ONCE(*p);				\
+	compiletime_assert_atomic_type(*p);				\
+	smp_mb();							\
+	___p1;								\
+})
+
 #endif /* _ASM_M32R_BARRIER_H */
--- a/arch/m68k/include/asm/barrier.h
+++ b/arch/m68k/include/asm/barrier.h
@@ -17,4 +17,19 @@ 
 #define smp_wmb()	barrier()
 #define smp_read_barrier_depends()	((void)0)
 
+#define smp_store_release(p, v)						\
+do {									\
+	compiletime_assert_atomic_type(*p);				\
+	smp_mb();							\
+	ACCESS_ONCE(*p) = (v);						\
+} while (0)
+
+#define smp_load_acquire(p)						\
+({									\
+	typeof(p) ___p1 = ACCESS_ONCE(*p);				\
+	compiletime_assert_atomic_type(*p);				\
+	smp_mb();							\
+	___p1;								\
+})
+
 #endif /* _M68K_BARRIER_H */
--- a/arch/metag/include/asm/barrier.h
+++ b/arch/metag/include/asm/barrier.h
@@ -82,4 +82,19 @@  static inline void fence(void)
 #define smp_read_barrier_depends()     do { } while (0)
 #define set_mb(var, value) do { var = value; smp_mb(); } while (0)
 
+#define smp_store_release(p, v)						\
+do {									\
+	compiletime_assert_atomic_type(*p);				\
+	smp_mb();							\
+	ACCESS_ONCE(*p) = (v);						\
+} while (0)
+
+#define smp_load_acquire(p)						\
+({									\
+	typeof(p) ___p1 = ACCESS_ONCE(*p);				\
+	compiletime_assert_atomic_type(*p);				\
+	smp_mb();							\
+	___p1;								\
+})
+
 #endif /* _ASM_METAG_BARRIER_H */
--- a/arch/microblaze/include/asm/barrier.h
+++ b/arch/microblaze/include/asm/barrier.h
@@ -24,4 +24,19 @@ 
 #define smp_rmb()		rmb()
 #define smp_wmb()		wmb()
 
+#define smp_store_release(p, v)						\
+do {									\
+	compiletime_assert_atomic_type(*p);				\
+	smp_mb();							\
+	ACCESS_ONCE(*p) = (v);						\
+} while (0)
+
+#define smp_load_acquire(p)						\
+({									\
+	typeof(p) ___p1 = ACCESS_ONCE(*p);				\
+	compiletime_assert_atomic_type(*p);				\
+	smp_mb();							\
+	___p1;								\
+})
+
 #endif /* _ASM_MICROBLAZE_BARRIER_H */
--- a/arch/mips/include/asm/barrier.h
+++ b/arch/mips/include/asm/barrier.h
@@ -180,4 +180,19 @@ 
 #define nudge_writes() mb()
 #endif
 
+#define smp_store_release(p, v)						\
+do {									\
+	compiletime_assert_atomic_type(*p);				\
+	smp_mb();							\
+	ACCESS_ONCE(*p) = (v);						\
+} while (0)
+
+#define smp_load_acquire(p)						\
+({									\
+	typeof(p) ___p1 = ACCESS_ONCE(*p);				\
+	compiletime_assert_atomic_type(*p);				\
+	smp_mb();							\
+	___p1;								\
+})
+
 #endif /* __ASM_BARRIER_H */
--- a/arch/mn10300/include/asm/barrier.h
+++ b/arch/mn10300/include/asm/barrier.h
@@ -34,4 +34,19 @@ 
 #define read_barrier_depends()		do {} while (0)
 #define smp_read_barrier_depends()	do {} while (0)
 
+#define smp_store_release(p, v)						\
+do {									\
+	compiletime_assert_atomic_type(*p);				\
+	smp_mb();							\
+	ACCESS_ONCE(*p) = (v);						\
+} while (0)
+
+#define smp_load_acquire(p)						\
+({									\
+	typeof(p) ___p1 = ACCESS_ONCE(*p);				\
+	compiletime_assert_atomic_type(*p);				\
+	smp_mb();							\
+	___p1;								\
+})
+
 #endif /* _ASM_BARRIER_H */
--- a/arch/parisc/include/asm/barrier.h
+++ b/arch/parisc/include/asm/barrier.h
@@ -32,4 +32,19 @@ 
 
 #define set_mb(var, value)		do { var = value; mb(); } while (0)
 
+#define smp_store_release(p, v)						\
+do {									\
+	compiletime_assert_atomic_type(*p);				\
+	smp_mb();							\
+	ACCESS_ONCE(*p) = (v);						\
+} while (0)
+
+#define smp_load_acquire(p)						\
+({									\
+	typeof(p) ___p1 = ACCESS_ONCE(*p);				\
+	compiletime_assert_atomic_type(*p);				\
+	smp_mb();							\
+	___p1;								\
+})
+
 #endif /* __PARISC_BARRIER_H */
--- a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/barrier.h
+++ b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/barrier.h
@@ -45,11 +45,15 @@ 
 #    define SMPWMB      eieio
 #endif
 
+#define __lwsync()	__asm__ __volatile__ (stringify_in_c(LWSYNC) : : :"memory")
+
 #define smp_mb()	mb()
-#define smp_rmb()	__asm__ __volatile__ (stringify_in_c(LWSYNC) : : :"memory")
+#define smp_rmb()	__lwsync()
 #define smp_wmb()	__asm__ __volatile__ (stringify_in_c(SMPWMB) : : :"memory")
 #define smp_read_barrier_depends()	read_barrier_depends()
 #else
+#define __lwsync()	barrier()
+
 #define smp_mb()	barrier()
 #define smp_rmb()	barrier()
 #define smp_wmb()	barrier()
@@ -65,4 +69,19 @@ 
 #define data_barrier(x)	\
 	asm volatile("twi 0,%0,0; isync" : : "r" (x) : "memory");
 
+#define smp_store_release(p, v)						\
+do {									\
+	compiletime_assert_atomic_type(*p);				\
+	__lwsync();							\
+	ACCESS_ONCE(*p) = (v);						\
+} while (0)
+
+#define smp_load_acquire(p)						\
+({									\
+	typeof(p) ___p1 = ACCESS_ONCE(*p);				\
+	compiletime_assert_atomic_type(*p);				\
+	__lwsync();							\
+	___p1;								\
+})
+
 #endif /* _ASM_POWERPC_BARRIER_H */
--- a/arch/s390/include/asm/barrier.h
+++ b/arch/s390/include/asm/barrier.h
@@ -32,4 +32,19 @@ 
 
 #define set_mb(var, value)		do { var = value; mb(); } while (0)
 
+#define smp_store_release(p, v)						\
+do {									\
+	compiletime_assert_atomic_type(*p);				\
+	barrier();							\
+	ACCESS_ONCE(*p) = (v);						\
+} while (0)
+
+#define smp_load_acquire(p)						\
+({									\
+	typeof(p) ___p1 = ACCESS_ONCE(*p);				\
+	compiletime_assert_atomic_type(*p);				\
+	barrier();							\
+	___p1;								\
+})
+
 #endif /* __ASM_BARRIER_H */
--- a/arch/score/include/asm/barrier.h
+++ b/arch/score/include/asm/barrier.h
@@ -13,4 +13,19 @@ 
 
 #define set_mb(var, value) 		do {var = value; wmb(); } while (0)
 
+#define smp_store_release(p, v)						\
+do {									\
+	compiletime_assert_atomic_type(*p);				\
+	smp_mb();							\
+	ACCESS_ONCE(*p) = (v);						\
+} while (0)
+
+#define smp_load_acquire(p)						\
+({									\
+	typeof(p) ___p1 = ACCESS_ONCE(*p);				\
+	compiletime_assert_atomic_type(*p);				\
+	smp_mb();							\
+	___p1;								\
+})
+
 #endif /* _ASM_SCORE_BARRIER_H */
--- a/arch/sh/include/asm/barrier.h
+++ b/arch/sh/include/asm/barrier.h
@@ -51,4 +51,19 @@ 
 
 #define set_mb(var, value) do { (void)xchg(&var, value); } while (0)
 
+#define smp_store_release(p, v)						\
+do {									\
+	compiletime_assert_atomic_type(*p);				\
+	smp_mb();							\
+	ACCESS_ONCE(*p) = (v);						\
+} while (0)
+
+#define smp_load_acquire(p)						\
+({									\
+	typeof(p) ___p1 = ACCESS_ONCE(*p);				\
+	compiletime_assert_atomic_type(*p);				\
+	smp_mb();							\
+	___p1;								\
+})
+
 #endif /* __ASM_SH_BARRIER_H */
--- a/arch/sparc/include/asm/barrier_32.h
+++ b/arch/sparc/include/asm/barrier_32.h
@@ -12,4 +12,19 @@ 
 #define smp_wmb()	__asm__ __volatile__("":::"memory")
 #define smp_read_barrier_depends()	do { } while(0)
 
+#define smp_store_release(p, v)						\
+do {									\
+	compiletime_assert_atomic_type(*p);				\
+	smp_mb();							\
+	ACCESS_ONCE(*p) = (v);						\
+} while (0)
+
+#define smp_load_acquire(p)						\
+({									\
+	typeof(p) ___p1 = ACCESS_ONCE(*p);				\
+	compiletime_assert_atomic_type(*p);				\
+	smp_mb();							\
+	___p1;								\
+})
+
 #endif /* !(__SPARC_BARRIER_H) */
--- a/arch/sparc/include/asm/barrier_64.h
+++ b/arch/sparc/include/asm/barrier_64.h
@@ -53,4 +53,19 @@  do {	__asm__ __volatile__("ba,pt	%%xcc,
 
 #define smp_read_barrier_depends()	do { } while(0)
 
+#define smp_store_release(p, v)						\
+do {									\
+	compiletime_assert_atomic_type(*p);				\
+	barrier();							\
+	ACCESS_ONCE(*p) = (v);						\
+} while (0)
+
+#define smp_load_acquire(p)						\
+({									\
+	typeof(p) ___p1 = ACCESS_ONCE(*p);				\
+	compiletime_assert_atomic_type(*p);				\
+	barrier();							\
+	___p1;								\
+})
+
 #endif /* !(__SPARC64_BARRIER_H) */
--- a/arch/tile/include/asm/barrier.h
+++ b/arch/tile/include/asm/barrier.h
@@ -140,5 +140,20 @@  mb_incoherent(void)
 #define set_mb(var, value) \
 	do { var = value; mb(); } while (0)
 
+#define smp_store_release(p, v)						\
+do {									\
+	compiletime_assert_atomic_type(*p);				\
+	smp_mb();							\
+	ACCESS_ONCE(*p) = (v);						\
+} while (0)
+
+#define smp_load_acquire(p)						\
+({									\
+	typeof(p) ___p1 = ACCESS_ONCE(*p);				\
+	compiletime_assert_atomic_type(*p);				\
+	smp_mb();							\
+	___p1;								\
+})
+
 #endif /* !__ASSEMBLY__ */
 #endif /* _ASM_TILE_BARRIER_H */
--- a/arch/unicore32/include/asm/barrier.h
+++ b/arch/unicore32/include/asm/barrier.h
@@ -25,4 +25,19 @@ 
 
 #define set_mb(var, value)		do { var = value; smp_mb(); } while (0)
 
+#define smp_store_release(p, v)						\
+do {									\
+	compiletime_assert_atomic_type(*p);				\
+	smp_mb();							\
+	ACCESS_ONCE(*p) = (v);						\
+} while (0)
+
+#define smp_load_acquire(p)						\
+({									\
+	typeof(p) ___p1 = ACCESS_ONCE(*p);				\
+	compiletime_assert_atomic_type(*p);				\
+	smp_mb();							\
+	___p1;								\
+})
+
 #endif /* __UNICORE_BARRIER_H__ */
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/barrier.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/barrier.h
@@ -100,6 +100,21 @@ 
 #define set_mb(var, value) do { var = value; barrier(); } while (0)
 #endif
 
+#define smp_store_release(p, v)						\
+do {									\
+	compiletime_assert_atomic_type(*p);				\
+	barrier();							\
+	ACCESS_ONCE(*p) = (v);						\
+} while (0)
+
+#define smp_load_acquire(p)						\
+({									\
+	typeof(p) ___p1 = ACCESS_ONCE(*p);				\
+	compiletime_assert_atomic_type(*p);				\
+	barrier();							\
+	___p1;								\
+})
+
 /*
  * Stop RDTSC speculation. This is needed when you need to use RDTSC
  * (or get_cycles or vread that possibly accesses the TSC) in a defined
--- a/arch/xtensa/include/asm/barrier.h
+++ b/arch/xtensa/include/asm/barrier.h
@@ -26,4 +26,19 @@ 
 
 #define set_mb(var, value)	do { var = value; mb(); } while (0)
 
+#define smp_store_release(p, v)						\
+do {									\
+	compiletime_assert_atomic_type(*p);				\
+	smp_mb();							\
+	ACCESS_ONCE(*p) = (v);						\
+} while (0)
+
+#define smp_load_acquire(p)						\
+({									\
+	typeof(p) ___p1 = ACCESS_ONCE(*p);				\
+	compiletime_assert_atomic_type(*p);				\
+	smp_mb();							\
+	___p1;								\
+})
+
 #endif /* _XTENSA_SYSTEM_H */
--- a/include/linux/compiler.h
+++ b/include/linux/compiler.h
@@ -298,6 +298,11 @@  void ftrace_likely_update(struct ftrace_
 # define __same_type(a, b) __builtin_types_compatible_p(typeof(a), typeof(b))
 #endif
 
+/* Is this type a native word size -- useful for atomic operations */
+#ifndef __native_word
+# define __native_word(t) (sizeof(t) == sizeof(int) || sizeof(t) == sizeof(long))
+#endif
+
 /* Compile time object size, -1 for unknown */
 #ifndef __compiletime_object_size
 # define __compiletime_object_size(obj) -1
@@ -337,6 +342,10 @@  void ftrace_likely_update(struct ftrace_
 #define compiletime_assert(condition, msg) \
 	_compiletime_assert(condition, msg, __compiletime_assert_, __LINE__)
 
+#define compiletime_assert_atomic_type(t)				\
+	compiletime_assert(__native_word(t),				\
+		"Need native word sized stores/loads for atomicity.")
+
 /*
  * Prevent the compiler from merging or refetching accesses.  The compiler
  * is also forbidden from reordering successive instances of ACCESS_ONCE(),