Patchwork [net-next] fix unsafe set_memory_rw from softirq

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Submitter Alexei Starovoitov
Date Oct. 3, 2013, 3:50 a.m.
Message ID <1380772231-3566-1-git-send-email-ast@plumgrid.com>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/280209/
State Superseded
Delegated to: David Miller
Headers show

Comments

Alexei Starovoitov - Oct. 3, 2013, 3:50 a.m.
on x86 system with net.core.bpf_jit_enable = 1

sudo tcpdump -i eth1 'tcp port 22'

causes the warning:
[   56.766097]  Possible unsafe locking scenario:
[   56.766097]
[   56.780146]        CPU0
[   56.786807]        ----
[   56.793188]   lock(&(&vb->lock)->rlock);
[   56.799593]   <Interrupt>
[   56.805889]     lock(&(&vb->lock)->rlock);
[   56.812266]
[   56.812266]  *** DEADLOCK ***
[   56.812266]
[   56.830670] 1 lock held by ksoftirqd/1/13:
[   56.836838]  #0:  (rcu_read_lock){.+.+..}, at: [<ffffffff8118f44c>] vm_unmap_aliases+0x8c/0x380
[   56.849757]
[   56.849757] stack backtrace:
[   56.862194] CPU: 1 PID: 13 Comm: ksoftirqd/1 Not tainted 3.12.0-rc3+ #45
[   56.868721] Hardware name: System manufacturer System Product Name/P8Z77 WS, BIOS 3007 07/26/2012
[   56.882004]  ffffffff821944c0 ffff88080bbdb8c8 ffffffff8175a145 0000000000000007
[   56.895630]  ffff88080bbd5f40 ffff88080bbdb928 ffffffff81755b14 0000000000000001
[   56.909313]  ffff880800000001 ffff880800000000 ffffffff8101178f 0000000000000001
[   56.923006] Call Trace:
[   56.929532]  [<ffffffff8175a145>] dump_stack+0x55/0x76
[   56.936067]  [<ffffffff81755b14>] print_usage_bug+0x1f7/0x208
[   56.942445]  [<ffffffff8101178f>] ? save_stack_trace+0x2f/0x50
[   56.948932]  [<ffffffff810cc0a0>] ? check_usage_backwards+0x150/0x150
[   56.955470]  [<ffffffff810ccb52>] mark_lock+0x282/0x2c0
[   56.961945]  [<ffffffff810ccfed>] __lock_acquire+0x45d/0x1d50
[   56.968474]  [<ffffffff810cce6e>] ? __lock_acquire+0x2de/0x1d50
[   56.975140]  [<ffffffff81393bf5>] ? cpumask_next_and+0x55/0x90
[   56.981942]  [<ffffffff810cef72>] lock_acquire+0x92/0x1d0
[   56.988745]  [<ffffffff8118f52a>] ? vm_unmap_aliases+0x16a/0x380
[   56.995619]  [<ffffffff817628f1>] _raw_spin_lock+0x41/0x50
[   57.002493]  [<ffffffff8118f52a>] ? vm_unmap_aliases+0x16a/0x380
[   57.009447]  [<ffffffff8118f52a>] vm_unmap_aliases+0x16a/0x380
[   57.016477]  [<ffffffff8118f44c>] ? vm_unmap_aliases+0x8c/0x380
[   57.023607]  [<ffffffff810436b0>] change_page_attr_set_clr+0xc0/0x460
[   57.030818]  [<ffffffff810cfb8d>] ? trace_hardirqs_on+0xd/0x10
[   57.037896]  [<ffffffff811a8330>] ? kmem_cache_free+0xb0/0x2b0
[   57.044789]  [<ffffffff811b59c3>] ? free_object_rcu+0x93/0xa0
[   57.051720]  [<ffffffff81043d9f>] set_memory_rw+0x2f/0x40
[   57.058727]  [<ffffffff8104e17c>] bpf_jit_free+0x2c/0x40
[   57.065577]  [<ffffffff81642cba>] sk_filter_release_rcu+0x1a/0x30
[   57.072338]  [<ffffffff811108e2>] rcu_process_callbacks+0x202/0x7c0
[   57.078962]  [<ffffffff81057f17>] __do_softirq+0xf7/0x3f0
[   57.085373]  [<ffffffff81058245>] run_ksoftirqd+0x35/0x70

cannot reuse filter memory, since it's readonly, so have to
extend sk_filter with work_struct

Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com>
---
 arch/x86/net/bpf_jit_comp.c |   17 ++++++++++++-----
 include/linux/filter.h      |    1 +
 2 files changed, 13 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)
Eric Dumazet - Oct. 3, 2013, 4:23 a.m.
On Wed, 2013-10-02 at 20:50 -0700, Alexei Starovoitov wrote:
> on x86 system with net.core.bpf_jit_enable = 1

> diff --git a/include/linux/filter.h b/include/linux/filter.h
> index a6ac848..378fa03 100644
> --- a/include/linux/filter.h
> +++ b/include/linux/filter.h
> @@ -27,6 +27,7 @@ struct sk_filter
>  	unsigned int         	len;	/* Number of filter blocks */
>  	unsigned int		(*bpf_func)(const struct sk_buff *skb,
>  					    const struct sock_filter *filter);
> +	struct work_struct	work;
>  	struct rcu_head		rcu;
>  	struct sock_filter     	insns[0];
>  };

Nice catch !

It seems only x86 and s390 needs this work_struct.

(and you might CC Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com> to ask him
to make the s390 part, of Ack it if you plan to do it)

Thanks


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Alexei Starovoitov - Oct. 3, 2013, 4:44 a.m.
On Wed, Oct 2, 2013 at 9:23 PM, Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet@gmail.com> wrote:
> On Wed, 2013-10-02 at 20:50 -0700, Alexei Starovoitov wrote:
>> on x86 system with net.core.bpf_jit_enable = 1
>
>> diff --git a/include/linux/filter.h b/include/linux/filter.h
>> index a6ac848..378fa03 100644
>> --- a/include/linux/filter.h
>> +++ b/include/linux/filter.h
>> @@ -27,6 +27,7 @@ struct sk_filter
>>       unsigned int            len;    /* Number of filter blocks */
>>       unsigned int            (*bpf_func)(const struct sk_buff *skb,
>>                                           const struct sock_filter *filter);
>> +     struct work_struct      work;
>>       struct rcu_head         rcu;
>>       struct sock_filter      insns[0];
>>  };
>
> Nice catch !
>
> It seems only x86 and s390 needs this work_struct.

I think ifdef config_x86 is a bit ugly inside struct sk_filter, but
don't mind whichever way.

> (and you might CC Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com> to ask him
> to make the s390 part, of Ack it if you plan to do it)

set_memory_rw() on s390 is a simple page table walker that doesn't do
any IPI unlike x86
Heiko, please confirm that it's not an issue there.

Thanks
Alexei
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Eric Dumazet - Oct. 3, 2013, 4:53 a.m.
On Wed, 2013-10-02 at 21:44 -0700, Alexei Starovoitov wrote:

> I think ifdef config_x86 is a bit ugly inside struct sk_filter, but
> don't mind whichever way.

Its not fair to make sk_filter bigger, because it means that simple (non
JIT) filter might need an extra cache line.

You could presumably use the following layout instead :

struct sk_filter
{
        atomic_t                refcnt;
        struct rcu_head         rcu;
	struct work_struct      work;

        unsigned int            len ____cacheline_aligned;    /* Number of filter blocks */
        unsigned int            (*bpf_func)(const struct sk_buff *skb,
                                            const struct sock_filter *filter);
        struct sock_filter      insns[0];
};



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Eric Dumazet - Oct. 3, 2013, 4:57 a.m.
On Wed, 2013-10-02 at 21:53 -0700, Eric Dumazet wrote:
> On Wed, 2013-10-02 at 21:44 -0700, Alexei Starovoitov wrote:
> 
> > I think ifdef config_x86 is a bit ugly inside struct sk_filter, but
> > don't mind whichever way.
> 
> Its not fair to make sk_filter bigger, because it means that simple (non
> JIT) filter might need an extra cache line.
> 
> You could presumably use the following layout instead :
> 
> struct sk_filter
> {
>         atomic_t                refcnt;
>         struct rcu_head         rcu;
> 	struct work_struct      work;
> 
>         unsigned int            len ____cacheline_aligned;    /* Number of filter blocks */
>         unsigned int            (*bpf_func)(const struct sk_buff *skb,
>                                             const struct sock_filter *filter);
>         struct sock_filter      insns[0];
> };

And since @len is not used by sk_run_filter() use :

struct sk_filter {
        atomic_t                refcnt;
	int 			len; /* number of filter blocks */
        struct rcu_head         rcu;
        struct work_struct      work;

        unsigned int            (*bpf_func)(const struct sk_buff *skb,
                                            const struct sock_filter *filter) ____cacheline_aligned;
        struct sock_filter      insns[0];
};



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Alexei Starovoitov - Oct. 3, 2013, 11:57 a.m.
On Wed, Oct 2, 2013 at 9:57 PM, Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet@gmail.com> wrote:
> On Wed, 2013-10-02 at 21:53 -0700, Eric Dumazet wrote:
>> On Wed, 2013-10-02 at 21:44 -0700, Alexei Starovoitov wrote:
>>
>> > I think ifdef config_x86 is a bit ugly inside struct sk_filter, but
>> > don't mind whichever way.
>>
>> Its not fair to make sk_filter bigger, because it means that simple (non
>> JIT) filter might need an extra cache line.
>>
>> You could presumably use the following layout instead :
>>
>> struct sk_filter
>> {
>>         atomic_t                refcnt;
>>         struct rcu_head         rcu;
>>       struct work_struct      work;
>>
>>         unsigned int            len ____cacheline_aligned;    /* Number of filter blocks */
>>         unsigned int            (*bpf_func)(const struct sk_buff *skb,
>>                                             const struct sock_filter *filter);
>>         struct sock_filter      insns[0];
>> };
>
> And since @len is not used by sk_run_filter() use :
>
> struct sk_filter {
>         atomic_t                refcnt;
>         int                     len; /* number of filter blocks */
>         struct rcu_head         rcu;
>         struct work_struct      work;
>
>         unsigned int            (*bpf_func)(const struct sk_buff *skb,
>                                             const struct sock_filter *filter) ____cacheline_aligned;
>         struct sock_filter      insns[0];
> };

yes. make sense to avoid first insn cache miss inside sk_run_filter()
at the expense
of 8-byte gap between work and bpf_func (on x86_64 w/o lockdep)

Probably even better to overlap work and insns fields.
Pro: sk_filter size the same, no impact on non-jit case
Con: would be harder to understand the code

another problem is that kfree(sk_filter) inside
sk_filter_release_rcu() needs to move inside bpf_jit_free().
so self nack. Let me fix these issues and respin

Thanks
Alexei
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Patch

diff --git a/arch/x86/net/bpf_jit_comp.c b/arch/x86/net/bpf_jit_comp.c
index 79c216a..89a43df 100644
--- a/arch/x86/net/bpf_jit_comp.c
+++ b/arch/x86/net/bpf_jit_comp.c
@@ -772,13 +772,20 @@  out:
 	return;
 }
 
+static void bpf_jit_free_deferred(struct work_struct *work)
+{
+	struct sk_filter *fp = container_of(work, struct sk_filter, work);
+	unsigned long addr = (unsigned long)fp->bpf_func & PAGE_MASK;
+	struct bpf_binary_header *header = (void *)addr;
+
+	set_memory_rw(addr, header->pages);
+	module_free(NULL, header);
+}
+
 void bpf_jit_free(struct sk_filter *fp)
 {
 	if (fp->bpf_func != sk_run_filter) {
-		unsigned long addr = (unsigned long)fp->bpf_func & PAGE_MASK;
-		struct bpf_binary_header *header = (void *)addr;
-
-		set_memory_rw(addr, header->pages);
-		module_free(NULL, header);
+		INIT_WORK(&fp->work, bpf_jit_free_deferred);
+		schedule_work(&fp->work);
 	}
 }
diff --git a/include/linux/filter.h b/include/linux/filter.h
index a6ac848..378fa03 100644
--- a/include/linux/filter.h
+++ b/include/linux/filter.h
@@ -27,6 +27,7 @@  struct sk_filter
 	unsigned int         	len;	/* Number of filter blocks */
 	unsigned int		(*bpf_func)(const struct sk_buff *skb,
 					    const struct sock_filter *filter);
+	struct work_struct	work;
 	struct rcu_head		rcu;
 	struct sock_filter     	insns[0];
 };