Patchwork vfio-pci: Implement PCI hot reset

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Submitter Alex Williamson
Date Sept. 5, 2013, 10:31 p.m.
Message ID <20130905222920.4124.19220.stgit@bling.home>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/272992/
State New
Headers show

Comments

Alex Williamson - Sept. 5, 2013, 10:31 p.m.
Now that VFIO has a PCI hot reset interface, take advantage of it.
There are two modes that we need to consider.  The first is when only
one device within the set of devices affected is actually assigned to
the guest.  In this case the other devices are are just held by VFIO
for isolation and we can pretend they're not there, doing an entire
bus reset whenever the device reset callback is triggered.  Supporting
this case separately allows us to do the best reset we can do of the
device even if the device is hotplugged.

The second mode is when multiple affected devices are all exposed to
the guest.  In this case we can only do a hot reset when the entire
system is being reset.  However, this also allows us to track which
individual devices are affected by a reset and only do them once.

We split our reset function into pre- and post-reset helper functions
prioritize the types of device resets available to us, and create
separate _one vs _multi reset interfaces to handle the distinct cases
above.

Signed-off-by: Alex Williamson <alex.williamson@redhat.com>
---

This depends on the VFIO PCI hot reset code currently in my kernel
next branch.  I plan to try to get that in for v3.12 then include
this patch.  A linux-headers update will be necessary as well.

 hw/misc/vfio.c |  338 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------
 1 file changed, 300 insertions(+), 38 deletions(-)

Patch

diff --git a/hw/misc/vfio.c b/hw/misc/vfio.c
index a73e7f5..98d372f 100644
--- a/hw/misc/vfio.c
+++ b/hw/misc/vfio.c
@@ -188,6 +188,7 @@  typedef struct VFIODevice {
     bool pci_aer;
     bool has_flr;
     bool has_pm_reset;
+    bool needs_reset;
 } VFIODevice;
 
 typedef struct VFIOGroup {
@@ -2758,6 +2759,279 @@  static int vfio_add_capabilities(VFIODevice *vdev)
     return vfio_add_std_cap(vdev, pdev->config[PCI_CAPABILITY_LIST]);
 }
 
+static void vfio_pci_pre_reset(VFIODevice *vdev)
+{
+    PCIDevice *pdev = &vdev->pdev;
+    uint16_t cmd;
+
+    vfio_disable_interrupts(vdev);
+
+    /* Make sure the device is in D0 */
+    if (vdev->pm_cap) {
+        uint16_t pmcsr;
+        uint8_t state;
+
+        pmcsr = vfio_pci_read_config(pdev, vdev->pm_cap + PCI_PM_CTRL, 2);
+        state = pmcsr & PCI_PM_CTRL_STATE_MASK;
+        if (state) {
+            pmcsr &= ~PCI_PM_CTRL_STATE_MASK;
+            vfio_pci_write_config(pdev, vdev->pm_cap + PCI_PM_CTRL, pmcsr, 2);
+            /* vfio handles the necessary delay here */
+            pmcsr = vfio_pci_read_config(pdev, vdev->pm_cap + PCI_PM_CTRL, 2);
+            state = pmcsr & PCI_PM_CTRL_STATE_MASK;
+            if (state) {
+                error_report("vfio: Unable to power on device, stuck in D%d\n",
+                             state);
+            }
+        }
+    }
+
+    /*
+     * Stop any ongoing DMA by disconecting I/O, MMIO, and bus master.
+     * Also put INTx Disable in known state.
+     */
+    cmd = vfio_pci_read_config(pdev, PCI_COMMAND, 2);
+    cmd &= ~(PCI_COMMAND_IO | PCI_COMMAND_MEMORY | PCI_COMMAND_MASTER |
+             PCI_COMMAND_INTX_DISABLE);
+    vfio_pci_write_config(pdev, PCI_COMMAND, cmd, 2);
+}
+
+static void vfio_pci_post_reset(VFIODevice *vdev)
+{
+    vfio_enable_intx(vdev);
+}
+
+static bool vfio_pci_host_match(PCIHostDeviceAddress *host1,
+                                PCIHostDeviceAddress *host2)
+{
+    return (host1->domain == host2->domain && host1->bus == host2->bus &&
+            host1->slot == host2->slot && host1->function == host2->function);
+}
+
+static int vfio_pci_hot_reset(VFIODevice *vdev, bool single)
+{
+    VFIOGroup *group;
+    struct vfio_pci_hot_reset_info *info;
+    struct vfio_pci_dependent_device *devices;
+    struct vfio_pci_hot_reset *reset;
+    int32_t *fds;
+    int ret, i, count;
+    bool multi = false;
+
+    DPRINTF("%s(%04x:%02x:%02x.%x) %s\n", __func__, vdev->host.domain,
+            vdev->host.bus, vdev->host.slot, vdev->host.function,
+            single ? "one" : "multi");
+
+    vfio_pci_pre_reset(vdev);
+    vdev->needs_reset = false;
+
+    info = g_malloc0(sizeof(*info));
+    info->argsz = sizeof(*info);
+
+    ret = ioctl(vdev->fd, VFIO_DEVICE_GET_PCI_HOT_RESET_INFO, info);
+    if (ret && errno != ENOSPC) {
+        ret = -errno;
+        if (!vdev->has_pm_reset) {
+            error_report("vfio: Cannot reset device %04x:%02x:%02x.%x, "
+                         "no available reset mechanism.", vdev->host.domain,
+                         vdev->host.bus, vdev->host.slot, vdev->host.function);
+        }
+        goto out;
+    }
+
+    count = info->count;
+    info = g_realloc(info, sizeof(*info) + (count * sizeof(*devices)));
+    info->argsz = sizeof(*info) + (count * sizeof(*devices));
+    devices = &info->devices[0];
+
+    ret = ioctl(vdev->fd, VFIO_DEVICE_GET_PCI_HOT_RESET_INFO, info);
+    if (ret) {
+        ret = -errno;
+        error_report("vfio: hot reset info failed: %m");
+        goto out;
+    }
+
+    DPRINTF("%04x:%02x:%02x.%x: hot reset dependent devices:\n",
+            vdev->host.domain, vdev->host.bus, vdev->host.slot,
+            vdev->host.function);
+
+    /* Verify that we have all the groups required */
+    for (i = 0; i < info->count; i++) {
+        PCIHostDeviceAddress host;
+        VFIODevice *tmp;
+
+        host.domain = devices[i].segment;
+        host.bus = devices[i].bus;
+        host.slot = PCI_SLOT(devices[i].devfn);
+        host.function = PCI_FUNC(devices[i].devfn);
+
+        DPRINTF("\t%04x:%02x:%02x.%x group %d\n", host.domain,
+                host.bus, host.slot, host.function, devices[i].group_id);
+
+        if (vfio_pci_host_match(&host, &vdev->host)) {
+            continue;
+        }
+
+        QLIST_FOREACH(group, &group_list, next) {
+            if (group->groupid == devices[i].group_id) {
+                break;
+            }
+        }
+
+        if (!group) {
+            if (!vdev->has_pm_reset) {
+                error_report("vfio: Cannot reset device %04x:%02x:%02x.%x, "
+                             "depends on group %d which is not owned.",
+                             vdev->host.domain, vdev->host.bus, vdev->host.slot,
+                             vdev->host.function, devices[i].group_id);
+            }
+            ret = -EPERM;
+            goto out;
+        }
+
+        /* Prep dependent devices for reset and clear our marker. */
+        QLIST_FOREACH(tmp, &group->device_list, next) {
+            if (vfio_pci_host_match(&host, &tmp->host)) {
+                if (single) {
+                    DPRINTF("vfio: found another in-use device "
+                            "%04x:%02x:%02x.%x\n", host.domain, host.bus,
+                            host.slot, host.function);
+                    ret = -EINVAL;
+                    goto out_single;
+                }
+                vfio_pci_pre_reset(tmp);
+                tmp->needs_reset = false;
+                multi = true;
+                break;
+            }
+        }
+    }
+
+    if (!single && !multi) {
+        DPRINTF("vfio: No other in-use devices for multi hot reset\n");
+        ret = -EINVAL;
+        goto out_single;
+    }
+
+    /* Determine how many group fds need to be passed */
+    count = 0;
+    QLIST_FOREACH(group, &group_list, next) {
+        for (i = 0; i < info->count; i++) {
+            if (group->groupid == devices[i].group_id) {
+                count++;
+                break;
+            }
+        }
+    }
+
+    reset = g_malloc0(sizeof(*reset) + (count * sizeof(*fds)));
+    reset->argsz = sizeof(*reset) + (count * sizeof(*fds));
+    fds = &reset->group_fds[0];
+
+    /* Fill in group fds */
+    QLIST_FOREACH(group, &group_list, next) {
+        for (i = 0; i < info->count; i++) {
+            if (group->groupid == devices[i].group_id) {
+                fds[reset->count++] = group->fd;
+                break;
+            }
+        }
+    }
+
+    /* Bus reset! */
+    ret = ioctl(vdev->fd, VFIO_DEVICE_PCI_HOT_RESET, reset);
+    g_free(reset);
+
+    DPRINTF("%04x:%02x:%02x.%x hot reset: %s\n", vdev->host.domain,
+            vdev->host.bus, vdev->host.slot, vdev->host.function,
+            ret ? "%m" : "Success");
+
+out:
+    /* Re-enable INTx on affected devices */
+    for (i = 0; i < info->count; i++) {
+        PCIHostDeviceAddress host;
+        VFIODevice *tmp;
+
+        host.domain = devices[i].segment;
+        host.bus = devices[i].bus;
+        host.slot = PCI_SLOT(devices[i].devfn);
+        host.function = PCI_FUNC(devices[i].devfn);
+
+        if (vfio_pci_host_match(&host, &vdev->host)) {
+            continue;
+        }
+
+        QLIST_FOREACH(group, &group_list, next) {
+            if (group->groupid == devices[i].group_id) {
+                break;
+            }
+        }
+
+        if (!group) {
+            break;
+        }
+
+        QLIST_FOREACH(tmp, &group->device_list, next) {
+            if (vfio_pci_host_match(&host, &tmp->host)) {
+                vfio_pci_post_reset(tmp);
+                break;
+            }
+        }
+    }
+out_single:
+    vfio_pci_post_reset(vdev);
+    g_free(info);
+
+    return ret;
+}
+
+/*
+ * We want to differentiate hot reset of mulitple in-use devices vs hot reset
+ * of a single in-use device.  VFIO_DEVICE_RESET will already handle the case
+ * of doing hot resets when there is only a single device per bus.  The in-use
+ * here refers to how many VFIODevices are affected.  A hot reset that affects
+ * multiple devices, but only a single in-use device, means that we can call
+ * it from our bus ->reset() callback since the extent is effectively a single
+ * device.  This allows us to make use of it in the hotplug path.  When there
+ * are multiple in-use devices, we can only trigger the hot reset during a
+ * system reset and thus from our reset handler.  We separate _one vs _multi
+ * here so that we don't overlap and do a double reset on the system reset
+ * path where both our reset handler and ->reset() callback are used.  Calling
+ * _one() will only do a hot reset for the one in-use devices case, calling
+ * _multi() will do nothing if a _one() would have been sufficient.
+ */
+static int vfio_pci_hot_reset_one(VFIODevice *vdev)
+{
+    return vfio_pci_hot_reset(vdev, true);
+}
+
+static int vfio_pci_hot_reset_multi(VFIODevice *vdev)
+{
+    return vfio_pci_hot_reset(vdev, false);
+}
+
+static void vfio_pci_reset_handler(void *opaque)
+{
+    VFIOGroup *group;
+    VFIODevice *vdev;
+
+    QLIST_FOREACH(group, &group_list, next) {
+        QLIST_FOREACH(vdev, &group->device_list, next) {
+            if (!vdev->reset_works || (!vdev->has_flr && vdev->has_pm_reset)) {
+                vdev->needs_reset = true;
+            }
+        }
+    }
+
+    QLIST_FOREACH(group, &group_list, next) {
+        QLIST_FOREACH(vdev, &group->device_list, next) {
+            if (vdev->needs_reset) {
+                vfio_pci_hot_reset_multi(vdev);
+            }
+        }
+    }
+}
+
 static int vfio_connect_container(VFIOGroup *group)
 {
     VFIOContainer *container;
@@ -2900,6 +3174,10 @@  static VFIOGroup *vfio_get_group(int groupid)
         return NULL;
     }
 
+    if (QLIST_EMPTY(&group_list)) {
+        qemu_register_reset(vfio_pci_reset_handler, NULL);
+    }
+
     QLIST_INSERT_HEAD(&group_list, group, next);
 
     return group;
@@ -2916,6 +3194,10 @@  static void vfio_put_group(VFIOGroup *group)
     DPRINTF("vfio_put_group: close group->fd\n");
     close(group->fd);
     g_free(group);
+
+    if (QLIST_EMPTY(&group_list)) {
+        qemu_unregister_reset(vfio_pci_reset_handler, NULL);
+    }
 }
 
 static int vfio_get_device(VFIOGroup *group, const char *name, VFIODevice *vdev)
@@ -2954,9 +3236,6 @@  static int vfio_get_device(VFIOGroup *group, const char *name, VFIODevice *vdev)
     }
 
     vdev->reset_works = !!(dev_info.flags & VFIO_DEVICE_FLAGS_RESET);
-    if (!vdev->reset_works) {
-        error_report("Warning, device %s does not support reset", name);
-    }
 
     if (dev_info.num_regions < VFIO_PCI_CONFIG_REGION_INDEX + 1) {
         error_report("vfio: unexpected number of io regions %u",
@@ -3362,51 +3641,34 @@  static void vfio_pci_reset(DeviceState *dev)
 {
     PCIDevice *pdev = DO_UPCAST(PCIDevice, qdev, dev);
     VFIODevice *vdev = DO_UPCAST(VFIODevice, pdev, pdev);
-    uint16_t cmd;
 
     DPRINTF("%s(%04x:%02x:%02x.%x)\n", __func__, vdev->host.domain,
             vdev->host.bus, vdev->host.slot, vdev->host.function);
 
-    vfio_disable_interrupts(vdev);
-
-    /* Make sure the device is in D0 */
-    if (vdev->pm_cap) {
-        uint16_t pmcsr;
-        uint8_t state;
+    vfio_pci_pre_reset(vdev);
 
-        pmcsr = vfio_pci_read_config(pdev, vdev->pm_cap + PCI_PM_CTRL, 2);
-        state = pmcsr & PCI_PM_CTRL_STATE_MASK;
-        if (state) {
-            pmcsr &= ~PCI_PM_CTRL_STATE_MASK;
-            vfio_pci_write_config(pdev, vdev->pm_cap + PCI_PM_CTRL, pmcsr, 2);
-            /* vfio handles the necessary delay here */
-            pmcsr = vfio_pci_read_config(pdev, vdev->pm_cap + PCI_PM_CTRL, 2);
-            state = pmcsr & PCI_PM_CTRL_STATE_MASK;
-            if (state) {
-                error_report("vfio: Unable to power on device, stuck in D%d\n",
-                             state);
-            }
-        }
+    if (vdev->reset_works && (vdev->has_flr || !vdev->has_pm_reset) &&
+        !ioctl(vdev->fd, VFIO_DEVICE_RESET)) {
+        DPRINTF("%04x:%02x:%02x.%x FLR/VFIO_DEVICE_RESET\n", vdev->host.domain,
+            vdev->host.bus, vdev->host.slot, vdev->host.function);
+        goto post_reset;
     }
 
-    /*
-     * Stop any ongoing DMA by disconecting I/O, MMIO, and bus master.
-     * Also put INTx Disable in known state.
-     */
-    cmd = vfio_pci_read_config(pdev, PCI_COMMAND, 2);
-    cmd &= ~(PCI_COMMAND_IO | PCI_COMMAND_MEMORY | PCI_COMMAND_MASTER |
-             PCI_COMMAND_INTX_DISABLE);
-    vfio_pci_write_config(pdev, PCI_COMMAND, cmd, 2);
+    /* See if we can do our own bus reset */
+    if (!vfio_pci_hot_reset_one(vdev)) {
+        goto post_reset;
+    }
 
-    if (vdev->reset_works) {
-        if (ioctl(vdev->fd, VFIO_DEVICE_RESET)) {
-            error_report("vfio: Error unable to reset physical device "
-                         "(%04x:%02x:%02x.%x): %m", vdev->host.domain,
-                         vdev->host.bus, vdev->host.slot, vdev->host.function);
-        }
+    /* If nothing else works and the device supports PM reset, use it */
+    if (vdev->reset_works && vdev->has_pm_reset &&
+        !ioctl(vdev->fd, VFIO_DEVICE_RESET)) {
+        DPRINTF("%04x:%02x:%02x.%x PCI PM Reset\n", vdev->host.domain,
+            vdev->host.bus, vdev->host.slot, vdev->host.function);
+        goto post_reset;
     }
 
-    vfio_enable_intx(vdev);
+post_reset:
+    vfio_pci_post_reset(vdev);
 }
 
 static Property vfio_pci_dev_properties[] = {