Patchwork [U-Boot,v2,1/4] mtd: driver _read() returns max_bitflips; mtd_read() returns -EUCLEAN

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Submitter Paul Burton
Date Sept. 4, 2013, 2:16 p.m.
Message ID <1378304219-11229-2-git-send-email-paul.burton@imgtec.com>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/272629/
State Accepted
Delegated to: Scott Wood
Headers show

Comments

Paul Burton - Sept. 4, 2013, 2:16 p.m.
Linux modified the MTD driver interface in commit edbc4540 (with the
same name as this commit). The effect is that calls to mtd_read will
not return -EUCLEAN if the number of ECC-corrected bit errors is below
a certain threshold, which defaults to the strength of the ECC. This
allows -EUCLEAN to stop indicating "some bits were corrected" and begin
indicating "a large number of bits were corrected, the data held in
this region of flash may be lost soon". UBI makes use of this and when
-EUCLEAN is returned from mtd_read it will move data to another block
of flash. Without adopting this interface change UBI on U-boot attempts
to move data between blocks every time a single bit is corrected using
the ECC, which is a very common occurance on some devices.

For some devices where bit errors are common enough, UBI can get stuck
constantly moving data around because each block it attempts to use has
a single bit error. This condition is hit when wear_leveling_worker
attempts to move data from one PEB to another in response to an
-EUCLEAN/UBI_IO_BITFLIPS error. When this happens ubi_eba_copy_leb is
called to perform the data copy, and after the data is written it is
read back to check its validity. If that read returns UBI_IO_BITFLIPS
(in response to an MTD -EUCLEAN) then ubi_eba_copy_leb returns 1 to
wear_leveling worker, which then proceeds to schedule the destination
PEB for erasure. This leads to erase_worker running on the PEB, and
following a successful erase wear_leveling_worker is called which
begins this whole cycle all over again. The end result is that (without
UBI debug output enabled) the boot appears to simply hang whilst in
reality U-boot busily works away at destroying a block of the NAND
flash. Debug output from this situation:

  UBI DBG: ensure_wear_leveling: schedule scrubbing
  UBI DBG: wear_leveling_worker: scrub PEB 1027 to PEB 4083
  UBI DBG: ubi_io_read_vid_hdr: read VID header from PEB 1027
  UBI DBG: ubi_io_read: read 4096 bytes from PEB 1027:4096
  UBI DBG: ubi_eba_copy_leb: copy LEB 0:0, PEB 1027 to PEB 4083
  UBI DBG: ubi_eba_copy_leb: read 1040384 bytes of data
  UBI DBG: ubi_io_read: read 1040384 bytes from PEB 1027:8192
  UBI: fixable bit-flip detected at PEB 1027
  UBI DBG: ubi_io_write_vid_hdr: write VID header to PEB 4083
  UBI DBG: ubi_io_write: write 4096 bytes to PEB 4083:4096
  UBI DBG: ubi_io_read_vid_hdr: read VID header from PEB 4083
  UBI DBG: ubi_io_read: read 4096 bytes from PEB 4083:4096
  UBI DBG: ubi_io_write: write 4096 bytes to PEB 4083:8192
  UBI DBG: ubi_io_read: read 4096 bytes from PEB 4083:8192
  UBI: fixable bit-flip detected at PEB 4083
  UBI DBG: schedule_erase: schedule erasure of PEB 4083, EC 55, torture 0
  UBI DBG: erase_worker: erase PEB 4083 EC 55
  UBI DBG: sync_erase: erase PEB 4083, old EC 55
  UBI DBG: do_sync_erase: erase PEB 4083
  UBI DBG: sync_erase: erased PEB 4083, new EC 56
  UBI DBG: ubi_io_write_ec_hdr: write EC header to PEB 4083
  UBI DBG: ubi_io_write: write 4096 bytes to PEB 4083:0
  UBI DBG: ensure_wear_leveling: schedule scrubbing
  UBI DBG: wear_leveling_worker: scrub PEB 1027 to PEB 4083
  ...

This patch adopts the interface change as in Linux commit edbc4540 in
order to avoid such situations. Given that none of the drivers under
drivers/mtd return -EUCLEAN, this should only affect those using
software ECC. I have tested that it works on a board which is
currently out of tree, but which I hope to be able to begin
upstreaming soon.

Signed-off-by: Paul Burton <paul.burton@imgtec.com>
---
Changes from v1:
  - Expanded upon the condition this fixes in the commit message.
---
 drivers/mtd/mtdcore.c              | 14 +++++++++++++-
 drivers/mtd/mtdpart.c              | 12 ++++++------
 drivers/mtd/nand/nand_base.c       | 18 ++++++++++++++----
 drivers/mtd/onenand/onenand_base.c |  3 ++-
 include/linux/mtd/nand.h           |  3 +++
 5 files changed, 38 insertions(+), 12 deletions(-)

Patch

diff --git a/drivers/mtd/mtdcore.c b/drivers/mtd/mtdcore.c
index 49c0814..deda5f2 100644
--- a/drivers/mtd/mtdcore.c
+++ b/drivers/mtd/mtdcore.c
@@ -217,11 +217,23 @@  int mtd_erase(struct mtd_info *mtd, struct erase_info *instr)
 int mtd_read(struct mtd_info *mtd, loff_t from, size_t len, size_t *retlen,
 	     u_char *buf)
 {
+	int ret_code;
 	if (from < 0 || from > mtd->size || len > mtd->size - from)
 		return -EINVAL;
 	if (!len)
 		return 0;
-	return mtd->_read(mtd, from, len, retlen, buf);
+
+	/*
+	 * In the absence of an error, drivers return a non-negative integer
+	 * representing the maximum number of bitflips that were corrected on
+	 * any one ecc region (if applicable; zero otherwise).
+	 */
+	ret_code = mtd->_read(mtd, from, len, retlen, buf);
+	if (unlikely(ret_code < 0))
+		return ret_code;
+	if (mtd->ecc_strength == 0)
+		return 0;	/* device lacks ecc */
+	return ret_code >= mtd->bitflip_threshold ? -EUCLEAN : 0;
 }
 
 int mtd_write(struct mtd_info *mtd, loff_t to, size_t len, size_t *retlen,
diff --git a/drivers/mtd/mtdpart.c b/drivers/mtd/mtdpart.c
index 9dfe7bb..146ce11 100644
--- a/drivers/mtd/mtdpart.c
+++ b/drivers/mtd/mtdpart.c
@@ -53,12 +53,12 @@  static int part_read(struct mtd_info *mtd, loff_t from, size_t len,
 
 	stats = part->master->ecc_stats;
 	res = mtd_read(part->master, from + part->offset, len, retlen, buf);
-	if (unlikely(res)) {
-		if (mtd_is_bitflip(res))
-			mtd->ecc_stats.corrected += part->master->ecc_stats.corrected - stats.corrected;
-		if (mtd_is_eccerr(res))
-			mtd->ecc_stats.failed += part->master->ecc_stats.failed - stats.failed;
-	}
+	if (unlikely(mtd_is_eccerr(res)))
+		mtd->ecc_stats.failed +=
+			part->master->ecc_stats.failed - stats.failed;
+	else
+		mtd->ecc_stats.corrected +=
+			part->master->ecc_stats.corrected - stats.corrected;
 	return res;
 }
 
diff --git a/drivers/mtd/nand/nand_base.c b/drivers/mtd/nand/nand_base.c
index 9e05cef..d4d586c 100644
--- a/drivers/mtd/nand/nand_base.c
+++ b/drivers/mtd/nand/nand_base.c
@@ -1238,6 +1238,7 @@  static int nand_do_read_ops(struct mtd_info *mtd, loff_t from,
 		mtd->oobavail : mtd->oobsize;
 
 	uint8_t *bufpoi, *oob, *buf;
+	unsigned int max_bitflips = 0;
 
 	stats = mtd->ecc_stats;
 
@@ -1265,7 +1266,10 @@  static int nand_do_read_ops(struct mtd_info *mtd, loff_t from,
 
 			chip->cmdfunc(mtd, NAND_CMD_READ0, 0x00, page);
 
-			/* Now read the page into the buffer */
+			/*
+			 * Now read the page into the buffer.  Absent an error,
+			 * the read methods return max bitflips per ecc step.
+			 */
 			if (unlikely(ops->mode == MTD_OPS_RAW))
 				ret = chip->ecc.read_page_raw(mtd, chip, bufpoi,
 							      oob_required,
@@ -1284,15 +1288,19 @@  static int nand_do_read_ops(struct mtd_info *mtd, loff_t from,
 				break;
 			}
 
+			max_bitflips = max_t(unsigned int, max_bitflips, ret);
+
 			/* Transfer not aligned data */
 			if (!aligned) {
 				if (!NAND_HAS_SUBPAGE_READ(chip) && !oob &&
 				    !(mtd->ecc_stats.failed - stats.failed) &&
-				    (ops->mode != MTD_OPS_RAW))
+				    (ops->mode != MTD_OPS_RAW)) {
 					chip->pagebuf = realpage;
-				else
+					chip->pagebuf_bitflips = ret;
+				} else {
 					/* Invalidate page cache */
 					chip->pagebuf = -1;
+				}
 				memcpy(buf, chip->buffers->databuf + col, bytes);
 			}
 
@@ -1310,6 +1318,8 @@  static int nand_do_read_ops(struct mtd_info *mtd, loff_t from,
 		} else {
 			memcpy(buf, chip->buffers->databuf + col, bytes);
 			buf += bytes;
+			max_bitflips = max_t(unsigned int, max_bitflips,
+					     chip->pagebuf_bitflips);
 		}
 
 		readlen -= bytes;
@@ -1341,7 +1351,7 @@  static int nand_do_read_ops(struct mtd_info *mtd, loff_t from,
 	if (mtd->ecc_stats.failed - stats.failed)
 		return -EBADMSG;
 
-	return  mtd->ecc_stats.corrected - stats.corrected ? -EUCLEAN : 0;
+	return max_bitflips;
 }
 
 /**
diff --git a/drivers/mtd/onenand/onenand_base.c b/drivers/mtd/onenand/onenand_base.c
index ddfe7e7..067f8ef 100644
--- a/drivers/mtd/onenand/onenand_base.c
+++ b/drivers/mtd/onenand/onenand_base.c
@@ -969,7 +969,8 @@  static int onenand_read_ops_nolock(struct mtd_info *mtd, loff_t from,
 	if (mtd->ecc_stats.failed - stats.failed)
 		return -EBADMSG;
 
-	return mtd->ecc_stats.corrected - stats.corrected ? -EUCLEAN : 0;
+	/* return max bitflips per ecc step; ONENANDs correct 1 bit only */
+	return mtd->ecc_stats.corrected != stats.corrected ? 1 : 0;
 }
 
 /**
diff --git a/include/linux/mtd/nand.h b/include/linux/mtd/nand.h
index 2055584..0546565 100644
--- a/include/linux/mtd/nand.h
+++ b/include/linux/mtd/nand.h
@@ -464,6 +464,8 @@  struct nand_buffers {
  * @pagemask:		[INTERN] page number mask = number of (pages / chip) - 1
  * @pagebuf:		[INTERN] holds the pagenumber which is currently in
  *			data_buf.
+ * @pagebuf_bitflips:	[INTERN] holds the bitflip count for the page which is
+ *			currently in data_buf.
  * @subpagesize:	[INTERN] holds the subpagesize
  * @onfi_version:	[INTERN] holds the chip ONFI version (BCD encoded),
  *			non 0 if ONFI supported.
@@ -531,6 +533,7 @@  struct nand_chip {
 	uint64_t chipsize;
 	int pagemask;
 	int pagebuf;
+	unsigned int pagebuf_bitflips;
 	int subpagesize;
 	uint8_t cellinfo;
 	int badblockpos;