Patchwork [PULL,18/21] target-arm: Implement the generic timer

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Submitter Peter Maydell
Date Aug. 20, 2013, 2:07 p.m.
Message ID <1377007680-4934-19-git-send-email-peter.maydell@linaro.org>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/268553/
State New
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Comments

Peter Maydell - Aug. 20, 2013, 2:07 p.m.
The ARMv7 architecture specifies a 'generic timer' which is implemented
via cp15 registers. Newer kernels will prefer to use this rather than
a devboard-level timer. Implement the generic timer for TCG; for KVM
we will already use the hardware's virtualized timer for this.

Signed-off-by: Peter Maydell <peter.maydell@linaro.org>
Tested-by: Laurent Desnogues <laurent.desnogues@gmail.com>
Message-id: 1376065080-26661-4-git-send-email-peter.maydell@linaro.org
---
 target-arm/cpu-qom.h |    9 ++
 target-arm/cpu.c     |    7 ++
 target-arm/cpu.h     |   18 ++++
 target-arm/helper.c  |  256 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
 target-arm/machine.c |    8 +-
 5 files changed, 290 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)

Patch

diff --git a/target-arm/cpu-qom.h b/target-arm/cpu-qom.h
index cf36587..9f47bae 100644
--- a/target-arm/cpu-qom.h
+++ b/target-arm/cpu-qom.h
@@ -86,6 +86,11 @@  typedef struct ARMCPU {
     uint64_t *cpreg_vmstate_values;
     int32_t cpreg_vmstate_array_len;
 
+    /* Timers used by the generic (architected) timer */
+    QEMUTimer *gt_timer[NUM_GTIMERS];
+    /* GPIO outputs for generic timer */
+    qemu_irq gt_timer_outputs[NUM_GTIMERS];
+
     /* The instance init functions for implementation-specific subclasses
      * set these fields to specify the implementation-dependent values of
      * various constant registers and reset values of non-constant
@@ -152,4 +157,8 @@  hwaddr arm_cpu_get_phys_page_debug(CPUState *cpu, vaddr addr);
 int arm_cpu_gdb_read_register(CPUState *cpu, uint8_t *buf, int reg);
 int arm_cpu_gdb_write_register(CPUState *cpu, uint8_t *buf, int reg);
 
+/* Callback functions for the generic timer's timers. */
+void arm_gt_ptimer_cb(void *opaque);
+void arm_gt_vtimer_cb(void *opaque);
+
 #endif
diff --git a/target-arm/cpu.c b/target-arm/cpu.c
index 6f56aa8..f01ce03 100644
--- a/target-arm/cpu.c
+++ b/target-arm/cpu.c
@@ -203,6 +203,13 @@  static void arm_cpu_initfn(Object *obj)
     } else {
         qdev_init_gpio_in(DEVICE(cpu), arm_cpu_set_irq, 2);
     }
+
+    cpu->gt_timer[GTIMER_PHYS] = qemu_new_timer(vm_clock, GTIMER_SCALE,
+                                                arm_gt_ptimer_cb, cpu);
+    cpu->gt_timer[GTIMER_VIRT] = qemu_new_timer(vm_clock, GTIMER_SCALE,
+                                                arm_gt_vtimer_cb, cpu);
+    qdev_init_gpio_out(DEVICE(cpu), cpu->gt_timer_outputs,
+                       ARRAY_SIZE(cpu->gt_timer_outputs));
 #endif
 
     if (tcg_enabled() && !inited) {
diff --git a/target-arm/cpu.h b/target-arm/cpu.h
index c2cb534..f2abdf3 100644
--- a/target-arm/cpu.h
+++ b/target-arm/cpu.h
@@ -79,6 +79,21 @@  struct arm_boot_info;
    s<2n+1> maps to the most significant half of d<n>
  */
 
+/* CPU state for each instance of a generic timer (in cp15 c14) */
+typedef struct ARMGenericTimer {
+    uint64_t cval; /* Timer CompareValue register */
+    uint32_t ctl; /* Timer Control register */
+} ARMGenericTimer;
+
+#define GTIMER_PHYS 0
+#define GTIMER_VIRT 1
+#define NUM_GTIMERS 2
+
+/* Scale factor for generic timers, ie number of ns per tick.
+ * This gives a 62.5MHz timer.
+ */
+#define GTIMER_SCALE 16
+
 typedef struct CPUARMState {
     /* Regs for current mode.  */
     uint32_t regs[16];
@@ -146,6 +161,9 @@  typedef struct CPUARMState {
         uint32_t c13_tls1; /* User RW Thread register.  */
         uint32_t c13_tls2; /* User RO Thread register.  */
         uint32_t c13_tls3; /* Privileged Thread register.  */
+        uint32_t c14_cntfrq; /* Counter Frequency register */
+        uint32_t c14_cntkctl; /* Timer Control register */
+        ARMGenericTimer c14_timer[NUM_GTIMERS];
         uint32_t c15_cpar; /* XScale Coprocessor Access Register */
         uint32_t c15_ticonfig; /* TI925T configuration byte.  */
         uint32_t c15_i_max; /* Maximum D-cache dirty line index.  */
diff --git a/target-arm/helper.c b/target-arm/helper.c
index f8689e2..f4e1b06 100644
--- a/target-arm/helper.c
+++ b/target-arm/helper.c
@@ -695,15 +695,261 @@  static const ARMCPRegInfo v6k_cp_reginfo[] = {
     REGINFO_SENTINEL
 };
 
+#ifndef CONFIG_USER_ONLY
+
+static uint64_t gt_get_countervalue(CPUARMState *env)
+{
+    return qemu_get_clock_ns(vm_clock) / GTIMER_SCALE;
+}
+
+static void gt_recalc_timer(ARMCPU *cpu, int timeridx)
+{
+    ARMGenericTimer *gt = &cpu->env.cp15.c14_timer[timeridx];
+
+    if (gt->ctl & 1) {
+        /* Timer enabled: calculate and set current ISTATUS, irq, and
+         * reset timer to when ISTATUS next has to change
+         */
+        uint64_t count = gt_get_countervalue(&cpu->env);
+        /* Note that this must be unsigned 64 bit arithmetic: */
+        int istatus = count >= gt->cval;
+        uint64_t nexttick;
+
+        gt->ctl = deposit32(gt->ctl, 2, 1, istatus);
+        qemu_set_irq(cpu->gt_timer_outputs[timeridx],
+                     (istatus && !(gt->ctl & 2)));
+        if (istatus) {
+            /* Next transition is when count rolls back over to zero */
+            nexttick = UINT64_MAX;
+        } else {
+            /* Next transition is when we hit cval */
+            nexttick = gt->cval;
+        }
+        /* Note that the desired next expiry time might be beyond the
+         * signed-64-bit range of a QEMUTimer -- in this case we just
+         * set the timer for as far in the future as possible. When the
+         * timer expires we will reset the timer for any remaining period.
+         */
+        if (nexttick > INT64_MAX / GTIMER_SCALE) {
+            nexttick = INT64_MAX / GTIMER_SCALE;
+        }
+        qemu_mod_timer(cpu->gt_timer[timeridx], nexttick);
+    } else {
+        /* Timer disabled: ISTATUS and timer output always clear */
+        gt->ctl &= ~4;
+        qemu_set_irq(cpu->gt_timer_outputs[timeridx], 0);
+        qemu_del_timer(cpu->gt_timer[timeridx]);
+    }
+}
+
+static int gt_cntfrq_read(CPUARMState *env, const ARMCPRegInfo *ri,
+                          uint64_t *value)
+{
+    /* Not visible from PL0 if both PL0PCTEN and PL0VCTEN are zero */
+    if (arm_current_pl(env) == 0 && !extract32(env->cp15.c14_cntkctl, 0, 2)) {
+        return EXCP_UDEF;
+    }
+    *value = env->cp15.c14_cntfrq;
+    return 0;
+}
+
+static void gt_cnt_reset(CPUARMState *env, const ARMCPRegInfo *ri)
+{
+    ARMCPU *cpu = arm_env_get_cpu(env);
+    int timeridx = ri->opc1 & 1;
+
+    qemu_del_timer(cpu->gt_timer[timeridx]);
+}
+
+static int gt_cnt_read(CPUARMState *env, const ARMCPRegInfo *ri,
+                       uint64_t *value)
+{
+    int timeridx = ri->opc1 & 1;
+
+    if (arm_current_pl(env) == 0 &&
+        !extract32(env->cp15.c14_cntkctl, timeridx, 1)) {
+        return EXCP_UDEF;
+    }
+    *value = gt_get_countervalue(env);
+    return 0;
+}
+
+static int gt_cval_read(CPUARMState *env, const ARMCPRegInfo *ri,
+                        uint64_t *value)
+{
+    int timeridx = ri->opc1 & 1;
+
+    if (arm_current_pl(env) == 0 &&
+        !extract32(env->cp15.c14_cntkctl, 9 - timeridx, 1)) {
+        return EXCP_UDEF;
+    }
+    *value = env->cp15.c14_timer[timeridx].cval;
+    return 0;
+}
+
+static int gt_cval_write(CPUARMState *env, const ARMCPRegInfo *ri,
+                         uint64_t value)
+{
+    int timeridx = ri->opc1 & 1;
+
+    env->cp15.c14_timer[timeridx].cval = value;
+    gt_recalc_timer(arm_env_get_cpu(env), timeridx);
+    return 0;
+}
+static int gt_tval_read(CPUARMState *env, const ARMCPRegInfo *ri,
+                        uint64_t *value)
+{
+    int timeridx = ri->crm & 1;
+
+    if (arm_current_pl(env) == 0 &&
+        !extract32(env->cp15.c14_cntkctl, 9 - timeridx, 1)) {
+        return EXCP_UDEF;
+    }
+    *value = (uint32_t)(env->cp15.c14_timer[timeridx].cval -
+                        gt_get_countervalue(env));
+    return 0;
+}
+
+static int gt_tval_write(CPUARMState *env, const ARMCPRegInfo *ri,
+                         uint64_t value)
+{
+    int timeridx = ri->crm & 1;
+
+    env->cp15.c14_timer[timeridx].cval = gt_get_countervalue(env) +
+        + sextract64(value, 0, 32);
+    gt_recalc_timer(arm_env_get_cpu(env), timeridx);
+    return 0;
+}
+
+static int gt_ctl_read(CPUARMState *env, const ARMCPRegInfo *ri,
+                       uint64_t *value)
+{
+    int timeridx = ri->crm & 1;
+
+    if (arm_current_pl(env) == 0 &&
+        !extract32(env->cp15.c14_cntkctl, 9 - timeridx, 1)) {
+        return EXCP_UDEF;
+    }
+    *value = env->cp15.c14_timer[timeridx].ctl;
+    return 0;
+}
+
+static int gt_ctl_write(CPUARMState *env, const ARMCPRegInfo *ri,
+                        uint64_t value)
+{
+    ARMCPU *cpu = arm_env_get_cpu(env);
+    int timeridx = ri->crm & 1;
+    uint32_t oldval = env->cp15.c14_timer[timeridx].ctl;
+
+    env->cp15.c14_timer[timeridx].ctl = value & 3;
+    if ((oldval ^ value) & 1) {
+        /* Enable toggled */
+        gt_recalc_timer(cpu, timeridx);
+    } else if ((oldval & value) & 2) {
+        /* IMASK toggled: don't need to recalculate,
+         * just set the interrupt line based on ISTATUS
+         */
+        qemu_set_irq(cpu->gt_timer_outputs[timeridx],
+                     (oldval & 4) && (value & 2));
+    }
+    return 0;
+}
+
+void arm_gt_ptimer_cb(void *opaque)
+{
+    ARMCPU *cpu = opaque;
+
+    gt_recalc_timer(cpu, GTIMER_PHYS);
+}
+
+void arm_gt_vtimer_cb(void *opaque)
+{
+    ARMCPU *cpu = opaque;
+
+    gt_recalc_timer(cpu, GTIMER_VIRT);
+}
+
 static const ARMCPRegInfo generic_timer_cp_reginfo[] = {
-    /* Dummy implementation: RAZ/WI the whole crn=14 space */
-    { .name = "GENERIC_TIMER", .cp = 15, .crn = 14,
-      .crm = CP_ANY, .opc1 = CP_ANY, .opc2 = CP_ANY,
-      .access = PL1_RW, .type = ARM_CP_CONST | ARM_CP_NO_MIGRATE,
-      .resetvalue = 0 },
+    /* Note that CNTFRQ is purely reads-as-written for the benefit
+     * of software; writing it doesn't actually change the timer frequency.
+     * Our reset value matches the fixed frequency we implement the timer at.
+     */
+    { .name = "CNTFRQ", .cp = 15, .crn = 14, .crm = 0, .opc1 = 0, .opc2 = 0,
+      .access = PL1_RW | PL0_R,
+      .fieldoffset = offsetof(CPUARMState, cp15.c14_cntfrq),
+      .resetvalue = (1000 * 1000 * 1000) / GTIMER_SCALE,
+      .readfn = gt_cntfrq_read, .raw_readfn = raw_read,
+    },
+    /* overall control: mostly access permissions */
+    { .name = "CNTKCTL", .cp = 15, .crn = 14, .crm = 1, .opc1 = 0, .opc2 = 0,
+      .access = PL1_RW,
+      .fieldoffset = offsetof(CPUARMState, cp15.c14_cntkctl),
+      .resetvalue = 0,
+    },
+    /* per-timer control */
+    { .name = "CNTP_CTL", .cp = 15, .crn = 14, .crm = 2, .opc1 = 0, .opc2 = 1,
+      .type = ARM_CP_IO, .access = PL1_RW | PL0_R,
+      .fieldoffset = offsetof(CPUARMState, cp15.c14_timer[GTIMER_PHYS].ctl),
+      .resetvalue = 0,
+      .readfn = gt_ctl_read, .writefn = gt_ctl_write,
+      .raw_readfn = raw_read, .raw_writefn = raw_write,
+    },
+    { .name = "CNTV_CTL", .cp = 15, .crn = 14, .crm = 3, .opc1 = 0, .opc2 = 1,
+      .type = ARM_CP_IO, .access = PL1_RW | PL0_R,
+      .fieldoffset = offsetof(CPUARMState, cp15.c14_timer[GTIMER_VIRT].ctl),
+      .resetvalue = 0,
+      .readfn = gt_ctl_read, .writefn = gt_ctl_write,
+      .raw_readfn = raw_read, .raw_writefn = raw_write,
+    },
+    /* TimerValue views: a 32 bit downcounting view of the underlying state */
+    { .name = "CNTP_TVAL", .cp = 15, .crn = 14, .crm = 2, .opc1 = 0, .opc2 = 0,
+      .type = ARM_CP_NO_MIGRATE | ARM_CP_IO, .access = PL1_RW | PL0_R,
+      .readfn = gt_tval_read, .writefn = gt_tval_write,
+    },
+    { .name = "CNTV_TVAL", .cp = 15, .crn = 14, .crm = 3, .opc1 = 0, .opc2 = 0,
+      .type = ARM_CP_NO_MIGRATE | ARM_CP_IO, .access = PL1_RW | PL0_R,
+      .readfn = gt_tval_read, .writefn = gt_tval_write,
+    },
+    /* The counter itself */
+    { .name = "CNTPCT", .cp = 15, .crm = 14, .opc1 = 0,
+      .access = PL0_R, .type = ARM_CP_64BIT | ARM_CP_NO_MIGRATE | ARM_CP_IO,
+      .readfn = gt_cnt_read, .resetfn = gt_cnt_reset,
+    },
+    { .name = "CNTVCT", .cp = 15, .crm = 14, .opc1 = 1,
+      .access = PL0_R, .type = ARM_CP_64BIT | ARM_CP_NO_MIGRATE | ARM_CP_IO,
+      .readfn = gt_cnt_read, .resetfn = gt_cnt_reset,
+    },
+    /* Comparison value, indicating when the timer goes off */
+    { .name = "CNTP_CVAL", .cp = 15, .crm = 14, .opc1 = 2,
+      .access = PL1_RW | PL0_R,
+      .type = ARM_CP_64BIT | ARM_CP_IO,
+      .fieldoffset = offsetof(CPUARMState, cp15.c14_timer[GTIMER_PHYS].cval),
+      .resetvalue = 0,
+      .readfn = gt_cval_read, .writefn = gt_cval_write,
+      .raw_readfn = raw_read, .raw_writefn = raw_write,
+    },
+    { .name = "CNTV_CVAL", .cp = 15, .crm = 14, .opc1 = 3,
+      .access = PL1_RW | PL0_R,
+      .type = ARM_CP_64BIT | ARM_CP_IO,
+      .fieldoffset = offsetof(CPUARMState, cp15.c14_timer[GTIMER_VIRT].cval),
+      .resetvalue = 0,
+      .readfn = gt_cval_read, .writefn = gt_cval_write,
+      .raw_readfn = raw_read, .raw_writefn = raw_write,
+    },
     REGINFO_SENTINEL
 };
 
+#else
+/* In user-mode none of the generic timer registers are accessible,
+ * and their implementation depends on vm_clock and qdev gpio outputs,
+ * so instead just don't register any of them.
+ */
+static const ARMCPRegInfo generic_timer_cp_reginfo[] = {
+    REGINFO_SENTINEL
+};
+
+#endif
+
 static int par_write(CPUARMState *env, const ARMCPRegInfo *ri, uint64_t value)
 {
     if (arm_feature(env, ARM_FEATURE_LPAE)) {
diff --git a/target-arm/machine.c b/target-arm/machine.c
index 6d4c2d4..5b6f375 100644
--- a/target-arm/machine.c
+++ b/target-arm/machine.c
@@ -222,9 +222,9 @@  static int cpu_post_load(void *opaque, int version_id)
 
 const VMStateDescription vmstate_arm_cpu = {
     .name = "cpu",
-    .version_id = 12,
-    .minimum_version_id = 12,
-    .minimum_version_id_old = 12,
+    .version_id = 13,
+    .minimum_version_id = 13,
+    .minimum_version_id_old = 13,
     .pre_save = cpu_pre_save,
     .post_load = cpu_post_load,
     .fields = (VMStateField[]) {
@@ -257,6 +257,8 @@  const VMStateDescription vmstate_arm_cpu = {
         VMSTATE_UINT32(env.exclusive_val, ARMCPU),
         VMSTATE_UINT32(env.exclusive_high, ARMCPU),
         VMSTATE_UINT64(env.features, ARMCPU),
+        VMSTATE_TIMER(gt_timer[GTIMER_PHYS], ARMCPU),
+        VMSTATE_TIMER(gt_timer[GTIMER_VIRT], ARMCPU),
         VMSTATE_END_OF_LIST()
     },
     .subsections = (VMStateSubsection[]) {