Patchwork [1/3] ext4: Add EXT4_IOC_TRUNCATE_BLOCK_RANGE ioctl

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Submitter NamJae Jeon
Date June 23, 2013, 6:07 a.m.
Message ID <1371967656-3150-1-git-send-email-linkinjeon@gmail.com>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/253456/
State New
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Comments

NamJae Jeon - June 23, 2013, 6:07 a.m.
From: Namjae Jeon <namjae.jeon@samsung.com>

The EXT4_IOC_TRUNCATE_BLOCK_RANGE removes the data blocks lying
between [start, "start + length") and updates the logical block numbers
of data blocks starting from "start + length" block to last block of file.
This will maintain contiguous nature of logical block numbers
after block removal.
Both the inode's disksize and logical size are updated after block
removal

Signed-off-by: Namjae Jeon <namjae.jeon@samsung.com>
Signed-off-by: Ashish Sangwan <a.sangwan@samsung.com>
---
 fs/ext4/ext4.h         |    8 ++
 fs/ext4/ext4_extents.h |    3 +
 fs/ext4/extents.c      |  245 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 fs/ext4/ioctl.c        |   62 ++++++++++++
 4 files changed, 318 insertions(+)
Dmitri Monakho - June 23, 2013, 9:30 a.m.
On Sun, 23 Jun 2013 15:07:36 +0900, Namjae Jeon <linkinjeon@gmail.com> wrote:
> From: Namjae Jeon <namjae.jeon@samsung.com>
What is the difference between this ioctl and generic punch_hole?
> 
> The EXT4_IOC_TRUNCATE_BLOCK_RANGE removes the data blocks lying
> between [start, "start + length") and updates the logical block numbers
> of data blocks starting from "start + length" block to last block of file.
> This will maintain contiguous nature of logical block numbers
> after block removal.
> Both the inode's disksize and logical size are updated after block
> removal
> 
> Signed-off-by: Namjae Jeon <namjae.jeon@samsung.com>
> Signed-off-by: Ashish Sangwan <a.sangwan@samsung.com>
> ---
>  fs/ext4/ext4.h         |    8 ++
>  fs/ext4/ext4_extents.h |    3 +
>  fs/ext4/extents.c      |  245 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  fs/ext4/ioctl.c        |   62 ++++++++++++
>  4 files changed, 318 insertions(+)
> 
> diff --git a/fs/ext4/ext4.h b/fs/ext4/ext4.h
> index 6ed348d..df2c411 100644
> --- a/fs/ext4/ext4.h
> +++ b/fs/ext4/ext4.h
> @@ -590,6 +590,7 @@ enum {
>  #define EXT4_IOC_MOVE_EXT		_IOWR('f', 15, struct move_extent)
>  #define EXT4_IOC_RESIZE_FS		_IOW('f', 16, __u64)
>  #define EXT4_IOC_SWAP_BOOT		_IO('f', 17)
> +#define EXT4_IOC_TRUNCATE_BLOCK_RANGE	_IOW('f', 18, struct truncate_range)
>  
>  #if defined(__KERNEL__) && defined(CONFIG_COMPAT)
>  /*
> @@ -682,6 +683,11 @@ struct move_extent {
>  	__u64 moved_len;	/* moved block length */
>  };
>  
> +struct truncate_range {
> +	__u32 start_block;
> +	__u32 length;
> +};
> +
>  #define EXT4_EPOCH_BITS 2
>  #define EXT4_EPOCH_MASK ((1 << EXT4_EPOCH_BITS) - 1)
>  #define EXT4_NSEC_MASK  (~0UL << EXT4_EPOCH_BITS)
> @@ -2692,6 +2698,8 @@ extern int ext4_find_delalloc_range(struct inode *inode,
>  extern int ext4_find_delalloc_cluster(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t lblk);
>  extern int ext4_fiemap(struct inode *inode, struct fiemap_extent_info *fieinfo,
>  			__u64 start, __u64 len);
> +extern int ext4_ext_truncate_range(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t start,
> +				   ext4_lblk_t end, ext4_lblk_t last_block);
>  
>  
>  /* move_extent.c */
> diff --git a/fs/ext4/ext4_extents.h b/fs/ext4/ext4_extents.h
> index 51bc821..cc113cc 100644
> --- a/fs/ext4/ext4_extents.h
> +++ b/fs/ext4/ext4_extents.h
> @@ -178,6 +178,9 @@ struct ext4_ext_path {
>  #define EXT_MAX_INDEX(__hdr__) \
>  	(EXT_FIRST_INDEX((__hdr__)) + le16_to_cpu((__hdr__)->eh_max) - 1)
>  
> +#define EXTENT_START_FLAG	0x1
> +#define INDEX_START_FLAG	0x2
> +
>  static inline struct ext4_extent_header *ext_inode_hdr(struct inode *inode)
>  {
>  	return (struct ext4_extent_header *) EXT4_I(inode)->i_data;
> diff --git a/fs/ext4/extents.c b/fs/ext4/extents.c
> index 937593e..ed85e34 100644
> --- a/fs/ext4/extents.c
> +++ b/fs/ext4/extents.c
> @@ -4757,3 +4757,248 @@ int ext4_fiemap(struct inode *inode, struct fiemap_extent_info *fieinfo,
>  
>  	return error;
>  }
> +
> +/*
> + * ext4_trange_dirty_path: Function to mark the path buffer dirty.
> + * It also checks if there are sufficient credits left in the
> + * journal to update metadata. If the number of credits are less
> + * restart the handle with additional credits.
> + *
> + * @handle: journal handle
> + * @inode: file inode
> + * @path: pointer to path
> + * @num: number of inodes to be updated
> + *
> + * Returns: 0 on success or negative value on error
> + */
> +int ext4_trange_dirty_path(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode,
> +			   struct ext4_ext_path *path,
> +			   int num, ...)
> +{
> +	int credits, err, i;
> +	struct inode *iptr;
> +	va_list args;
> +
> +	/*
> +	 * Check if need to extend journal credits
> +	 * 3 for leaf, sb, and inode plus 2 (bmap and group
> +	 * descriptor) for each block group; assume two block
> +	 * groups
> +	 */
> +	if (handle->h_buffer_credits < 7*(num + 1)) {
> +		credits = ext4_writepage_trans_blocks(inode);
> +		va_start(args, num);
> +		for (i = 1; i <= num; i++) {
> +			iptr = va_arg(args, struct inode *);
> +			credits += ext4_writepage_trans_blocks(iptr);
> +		}
> +		va_end(args);
> +		err = ext4_ext_truncate_extend_restart(handle, inode, credits);
> +		/* EAGAIN is success */
> +		if (err && err != -EAGAIN)
> +			return err;
> +	}
> +	err = ext4_ext_get_access(handle, inode, path);
> +	return err;
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * ext4_ext_update_path: update the extents of a path structure
> + * lying between path[depth].p_ext and EXT_LAST_EXTENT(path[depth].p_hdr)
> + * subtracting shift from starting block for each extent.
> + *
> + * @path: path for which extents are updated
> + * @shift: Number of blocks to be subtracted from first logical block
> + * that extent covers for each extent.
> + * @inode: file inode
> + * @handle: journal handle
> + * @start_block: Points to the starting block of next extent which is
> + * to be updated.
> + *
> + * Returns: 0 on success or negative on error.
> + */
> +int ext4_ext_update_path(struct ext4_ext_path *path, ext4_lblk_t shift,
> +			 struct inode *inode, handle_t *handle,
> +			 ext4_lblk_t *start_block)
> +{
> +	int depth, err = 0, flag = 0;
> +	struct ext4_extent *ex_start, *ex_last;
> +
> +	depth = path->p_depth;
> +	while (depth >= 0) {
> +		if (depth == path->p_depth) {
> +			ex_start = path[depth].p_ext;
> +			if (!ex_start)
> +				return -EIO;
> +
> +			err = ext4_trange_dirty_path(handle, inode,
> +						     path + depth, 0);
> +			if (err)
> +				goto out;
> +
> +			if (path[depth].p_ext ==
> +				EXT_FIRST_EXTENT(path[depth].p_hdr))
> +				flag |= EXTENT_START_FLAG;
> +
> +			ex_last = EXT_LAST_EXTENT(path[depth].p_hdr);
> +			while (ex_start <= ex_last) {
> +				*start_block = ex_start->ee_block +
> +					ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex_start);
> +				ex_start->ee_block -= shift;
> +				ex_start++;
> +			}
> +			err = ext4_ext_dirty(handle, inode, path + depth);
> +			if (err)
> +				goto out;
> +		} else {
> +			/* If encountered starting extent, update index too */
> +			if (path->p_depth - depth == 1) {
> +				if (flag & EXTENT_START_FLAG) {
> +					/* Update index too */
> +					err = ext4_trange_dirty_path(handle,
> +						    inode, path + depth, 0);
> +					if (err)
> +						goto out;
> +					path[depth].p_idx->ei_block -= shift;
> +					err = ext4_ext_dirty(handle, inode,
> +							     path + depth);
> +					if (err)
> +						goto out;
> +					flag &= ~EXTENT_START_FLAG;
> +				} else
> +					/* No need to update any extent index */
> +					break;
> +			}
> +			/* Check, if earlier encountered starting index */
> +			if (flag & INDEX_START_FLAG) {
> +				err = ext4_trange_dirty_path(handle, inode,
> +							path + (depth), 0);
> +				if (err)
> +					goto out;
> +				path[depth].p_idx->ei_block -= shift;
> +				err = ext4_ext_dirty(handle, inode,
> +						     path + depth);
> +				if (err)
> +					goto out;
> +				flag &= ~INDEX_START_FLAG;
> +			}
> +			/* Check if this is a starting index */
> +			if (path[depth].p_idx ==
> +			    EXT_FIRST_INDEX(path[depth].p_hdr)) {
> +				/* starting of a block */
> +				flag |= INDEX_START_FLAG;
> +			} else
> +				break;
> +		}
> +		depth--;
> +	}
> +out:
> +	return err;
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * ext4_ext_update_logical: update logical blocks ranging from start
> + * to the end block for inode by moving them shift blocks to the left
> + *
> + * @inode: file inode
> + * @handle: journal handle
> + * @start_block : starting block for block updation
> + * @shift: number of blocks to be shifted
> + * @end_block: last block to be updated
> + *
> + * Returns: 0 on success or negative on failure
> + */
> +static int ext4_ext_update_logical(struct inode *inode, handle_t *handle,
> +				   ext4_lblk_t start_block, ext4_lblk_t shift,
> +				   ext4_lblk_t end_block)
> +{
> +	struct ext4_ext_path *path;
> +	int err = 0;
> +
> +	while (start_block < end_block) {
> +		path = ext4_ext_find_extent(inode, start_block, NULL);
> +		if (IS_ERR(path)) {
> +			err = PTR_ERR(path);
> +			break;
> +		}
> +		err = ext4_ext_update_path(path, shift, inode,
> +					   handle, &start_block);
> +		ext4_ext_drop_refs(path);
> +		kfree(path);
> +		if (err)
> +			break;
> +	}
> +	return err;
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * ext4_ext_truncate_range: truncate the block range from start
> + * block to end block including the end block from inode.
> + *
> + * @inode: file inode
> + * @start: start block
> + * @end: end block
> + * last_block: last_block number of the inode
> + *
> + * Returns: 0 on success or negative on error
> + */
> +int ext4_ext_truncate_range(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t start,
> +			    ext4_lblk_t end, ext4_lblk_t last_block)
> +{
> +	int ret, credits;
> +	ext4_lblk_t shift = end - start + 1;
> +	handle_t *handle;
> +	loff_t isize_reduced;
> +	int blkbits = inode->i_blkbits;
> +	struct address_space *mapping = inode->i_mapping;
> +
> +	/* sync dirty pages for transfer */
> +	if (mapping->nrpages && mapping_tagged(mapping, PAGECACHE_TAG_DIRTY)) {
> +		ret = filemap_write_and_wait_range(mapping,
> +				(loff_t)start << blkbits,
> +				((loff_t)(last_block + 1) << blkbits) - 1);
> +		if (ret)
> +			return ret;
> +	}
> +	truncate_inode_pages_range(inode->i_mapping,
> +				   start << inode->i_blkbits, -1);
> +	ext4_inode_block_unlocked_dio(inode);
> +	inode_dio_wait(inode);
> +	down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem);
> +	ext4_discard_preallocations(inode);
> +	ret = ext4_es_remove_extent(inode, start, end - start + 1);
> +	if (ret)
> +		goto out;
> +
> +	credits = ext4_writepage_trans_blocks(inode);
> +	handle = ext4_journal_start(inode, EXT4_HT_TRUNCATE, credits);
> +	if (IS_ERR(handle)) {
> +		ret = PTR_ERR(handle);
> +		goto out;
> +	}
> +
> +	ret = ext4_ext_remove_space(inode, start, end);
> +	if (ret)
> +		goto journal_stop;
> +
> +	ext4_discard_preallocations(inode);
> +
> +	if (end < last_block) {
> +		ret = ext4_ext_update_logical(inode, handle, end + 1,
> +					      shift, last_block + 1);
> +		if (ret)
> +			goto journal_stop;
> +	}
> +	isize_reduced = (loff_t)shift << blkbits;
> +	i_size_write(inode, inode->i_size - isize_reduced);
> +	EXT4_I(inode)->i_disksize -= isize_reduced;
> +	inode->i_mtime = inode->i_ctime = ext4_current_time(inode);
> +	ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode);
> +journal_stop:
> +	ext4_journal_stop(handle);
> +out:
> +	ext4_inode_resume_unlocked_dio(inode);
> +	up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem);
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +
> diff --git a/fs/ext4/ioctl.c b/fs/ext4/ioctl.c
> index 9491ac0..0530daf 100644
> --- a/fs/ext4/ioctl.c
> +++ b/fs/ext4/ioctl.c
> @@ -622,6 +622,68 @@ resizefs_out:
>  
>  		return 0;
>  	}
> +	case EXT4_IOC_TRUNCATE_BLOCK_RANGE:
> +	{
> +		struct truncate_range tr;
> +		ext4_lblk_t last_block, end_block;
> +		int error;
> +		loff_t i_size = i_size_read(inode);
> +
> +		if (!i_size)
> +			return 0;
> +
> +		if (!(filp->f_mode & FMODE_WRITE))
> +			return -EBADF;
> +
> +		if (IS_IMMUTABLE(inode) || IS_APPEND(inode))
> +			return -EPERM;
> +
> +		if (!S_ISREG(inode->i_mode))
> +			return -EOPNOTSUPP;
> +
> +		if (IS_SWAPFILE(inode))
> +			return -EOPNOTSUPP;
> +
> +		if (!ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS))
> +			return -EOPNOTSUPP;
> +
> +		if (EXT4_HAS_RO_COMPAT_FEATURE(sb,
> +		    EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_BIGALLOC)) {
> +			ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR,
> +			 "Truncate block range not supported with bigalloc");
> +			return -EOPNOTSUPP;
> +		}
> +
> +		if (copy_from_user(&tr, (const void *) arg,
> +				sizeof(struct truncate_range)))
> +			return -EFAULT;
> +
> +		if (!tr.length)
> +			return -EINVAL;
> +
> +		end_block = tr.start_block + tr.length - 1;
> +
> +		last_block = ((round_up(i_size,
> +					EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE(inode->i_sb)))
> +			      >> inode->i_blkbits) - 1;
> +		if (tr.start_block > end_block ||
> +		    tr.start_block > last_block)
> +			return -EINVAL;
> +
> +		if (end_block > last_block)
> +			end_block = last_block;
> +
> +		error = mnt_want_write_file(filp);
> +		if (error)
> +			return error;
> +
> +		mutex_lock(&inode->i_mutex);
> +		error = ext4_ext_truncate_range(inode, tr.start_block,
> +						end_block, last_block);
> +		mutex_unlock(&inode->i_mutex);
> +		mnt_drop_write_file(filp);
> +		return error;
> +	}
>  
>  	default:
>  		return -ENOTTY;
> -- 
> 1.7.9.5
> 
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Andreas Dilger - June 24, 2013, 1:55 a.m.
On 2013-06-23, at 0:07, Namjae Jeon <linkinjeon@gmail.com> wrote:

> From: Namjae Jeon <namjae.jeon@samsung.com>
> The EXT4_IOC_TRUNCATE_BLOCK_RANGE removes the data blocks lying
> between [start, "start + length") and updates the logical block numbers
> of data blocks starting from "start + length" block to last block of file.
> This will maintain contiguous nature of logical block numbers
> after block removal.
> Both the inode's disksize and logical size are updated after block
> removal

I don't think "truncate" describes this operation very well. It is more like "punch hole and shrink size". 

The real question I have for both this operation is what practical use it has. I don't think that "editing a movie clip" is a real example, because the stream will not align on block boundaries, and will just result in copying most of the file data if it is a byte-aligned operation.

Cheers, Andreas

> Signed-off-by: Namjae Jeon <namjae.jeon@samsung.com>
> Signed-off-by: Ashish Sangwan <a.sangwan@samsung.com>
> ---
> fs/ext4/ext4.h         |    8 ++
> fs/ext4/ext4_extents.h |    3 +
> fs/ext4/extents.c      |  245 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> fs/ext4/ioctl.c        |   62 ++++++++++++
> 4 files changed, 318 insertions(+)
> 
> diff --git a/fs/ext4/ext4.h b/fs/ext4/ext4.h
> index 6ed348d..df2c411 100644
> --- a/fs/ext4/ext4.h
> +++ b/fs/ext4/ext4.h
> @@ -590,6 +590,7 @@ enum {
> #define EXT4_IOC_MOVE_EXT        _IOWR('f', 15, struct move_extent)
> #define EXT4_IOC_RESIZE_FS        _IOW('f', 16, __u64)
> #define EXT4_IOC_SWAP_BOOT        _IO('f', 17)
> +#define EXT4_IOC_TRUNCATE_BLOCK_RANGE    _IOW('f', 18, struct truncate_range)
> 
> #if defined(__KERNEL__) && defined(CONFIG_COMPAT)
> /*
> @@ -682,6 +683,11 @@ struct move_extent {
>    __u64 moved_len;    /* moved block length */
> };
> 
> +struct truncate_range {
> +    __u32 start_block;
> +    __u32 length;
> +};
> +
> #define EXT4_EPOCH_BITS 2
> #define EXT4_EPOCH_MASK ((1 << EXT4_EPOCH_BITS) - 1)
> #define EXT4_NSEC_MASK  (~0UL << EXT4_EPOCH_BITS)
> @@ -2692,6 +2698,8 @@ extern int ext4_find_delalloc_range(struct inode *inode,
> extern int ext4_find_delalloc_cluster(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t lblk);
> extern int ext4_fiemap(struct inode *inode, struct fiemap_extent_info *fieinfo,
>            __u64 start, __u64 len);
> +extern int ext4_ext_truncate_range(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t start,
> +                   ext4_lblk_t end, ext4_lblk_t last_block);
> 
> 
> /* move_extent.c */
> diff --git a/fs/ext4/ext4_extents.h b/fs/ext4/ext4_extents.h
> index 51bc821..cc113cc 100644
> --- a/fs/ext4/ext4_extents.h
> +++ b/fs/ext4/ext4_extents.h
> @@ -178,6 +178,9 @@ struct ext4_ext_path {
> #define EXT_MAX_INDEX(__hdr__) \
>    (EXT_FIRST_INDEX((__hdr__)) + le16_to_cpu((__hdr__)->eh_max) - 1)
> 
> +#define EXTENT_START_FLAG    0x1
> +#define INDEX_START_FLAG    0x2
> +
> static inline struct ext4_extent_header *ext_inode_hdr(struct inode *inode)
> {
>    return (struct ext4_extent_header *) EXT4_I(inode)->i_data;
> diff --git a/fs/ext4/extents.c b/fs/ext4/extents.c
> index 937593e..ed85e34 100644
> --- a/fs/ext4/extents.c
> +++ b/fs/ext4/extents.c
> @@ -4757,3 +4757,248 @@ int ext4_fiemap(struct inode *inode, struct fiemap_extent_info *fieinfo,
> 
>    return error;
> }
> +
> +/*
> + * ext4_trange_dirty_path: Function to mark the path buffer dirty.
> + * It also checks if there are sufficient credits left in the
> + * journal to update metadata. If the number of credits are less
> + * restart the handle with additional credits.
> + *
> + * @handle: journal handle
> + * @inode: file inode
> + * @path: pointer to path
> + * @num: number of inodes to be updated
> + *
> + * Returns: 0 on success or negative value on error
> + */
> +int ext4_trange_dirty_path(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode,
> +               struct ext4_ext_path *path,
> +               int num, ...)
> +{
> +    int credits, err, i;
> +    struct inode *iptr;
> +    va_list args;
> +
> +    /*
> +     * Check if need to extend journal credits
> +     * 3 for leaf, sb, and inode plus 2 (bmap and group
> +     * descriptor) for each block group; assume two block
> +     * groups
> +     */
> +    if (handle->h_buffer_credits < 7*(num + 1)) {
> +        credits = ext4_writepage_trans_blocks(inode);
> +        va_start(args, num);
> +        for (i = 1; i <= num; i++) {
> +            iptr = va_arg(args, struct inode *);
> +            credits += ext4_writepage_trans_blocks(iptr);
> +        }
> +        va_end(args);
> +        err = ext4_ext_truncate_extend_restart(handle, inode, credits);
> +        /* EAGAIN is success */
> +        if (err && err != -EAGAIN)
> +            return err;
> +    }
> +    err = ext4_ext_get_access(handle, inode, path);
> +    return err;
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * ext4_ext_update_path: update the extents of a path structure
> + * lying between path[depth].p_ext and EXT_LAST_EXTENT(path[depth].p_hdr)
> + * subtracting shift from starting block for each extent.
> + *
> + * @path: path for which extents are updated
> + * @shift: Number of blocks to be subtracted from first logical block
> + * that extent covers for each extent.
> + * @inode: file inode
> + * @handle: journal handle
> + * @start_block: Points to the starting block of next extent which is
> + * to be updated.
> + *
> + * Returns: 0 on success or negative on error.
> + */
> +int ext4_ext_update_path(struct ext4_ext_path *path, ext4_lblk_t shift,
> +             struct inode *inode, handle_t *handle,
> +             ext4_lblk_t *start_block)
> +{
> +    int depth, err = 0, flag = 0;
> +    struct ext4_extent *ex_start, *ex_last;
> +
> +    depth = path->p_depth;
> +    while (depth >= 0) {
> +        if (depth == path->p_depth) {
> +            ex_start = path[depth].p_ext;
> +            if (!ex_start)
> +                return -EIO;
> +
> +            err = ext4_trange_dirty_path(handle, inode,
> +                             path + depth, 0);
> +            if (err)
> +                goto out;
> +
> +            if (path[depth].p_ext ==
> +                EXT_FIRST_EXTENT(path[depth].p_hdr))
> +                flag |= EXTENT_START_FLAG;
> +
> +            ex_last = EXT_LAST_EXTENT(path[depth].p_hdr);
> +            while (ex_start <= ex_last) {
> +                *start_block = ex_start->ee_block +
> +                    ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex_start);
> +                ex_start->ee_block -= shift;
> +                ex_start++;
> +            }
> +            err = ext4_ext_dirty(handle, inode, path + depth);
> +            if (err)
> +                goto out;
> +        } else {
> +            /* If encountered starting extent, update index too */
> +            if (path->p_depth - depth == 1) {
> +                if (flag & EXTENT_START_FLAG) {
> +                    /* Update index too */
> +                    err = ext4_trange_dirty_path(handle,
> +                            inode, path + depth, 0);
> +                    if (err)
> +                        goto out;
> +                    path[depth].p_idx->ei_block -= shift;
> +                    err = ext4_ext_dirty(handle, inode,
> +                                 path + depth);
> +                    if (err)
> +                        goto out;
> +                    flag &= ~EXTENT_START_FLAG;
> +                } else
> +                    /* No need to update any extent index */
> +                    break;
> +            }
> +            /* Check, if earlier encountered starting index */
> +            if (flag & INDEX_START_FLAG) {
> +                err = ext4_trange_dirty_path(handle, inode,
> +                            path + (depth), 0);
> +                if (err)
> +                    goto out;
> +                path[depth].p_idx->ei_block -= shift;
> +                err = ext4_ext_dirty(handle, inode,
> +                             path + depth);
> +                if (err)
> +                    goto out;
> +                flag &= ~INDEX_START_FLAG;
> +            }
> +            /* Check if this is a starting index */
> +            if (path[depth].p_idx ==
> +                EXT_FIRST_INDEX(path[depth].p_hdr)) {
> +                /* starting of a block */
> +                flag |= INDEX_START_FLAG;
> +            } else
> +                break;
> +        }
> +        depth--;
> +    }
> +out:
> +    return err;
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * ext4_ext_update_logical: update logical blocks ranging from start
> + * to the end block for inode by moving them shift blocks to the left
> + *
> + * @inode: file inode
> + * @handle: journal handle
> + * @start_block : starting block for block updation
> + * @shift: number of blocks to be shifted
> + * @end_block: last block to be updated
> + *
> + * Returns: 0 on success or negative on failure
> + */
> +static int ext4_ext_update_logical(struct inode *inode, handle_t *handle,
> +                   ext4_lblk_t start_block, ext4_lblk_t shift,
> +                   ext4_lblk_t end_block)
> +{
> +    struct ext4_ext_path *path;
> +    int err = 0;
> +
> +    while (start_block < end_block) {
> +        path = ext4_ext_find_extent(inode, start_block, NULL);
> +        if (IS_ERR(path)) {
> +            err = PTR_ERR(path);
> +            break;
> +        }
> +        err = ext4_ext_update_path(path, shift, inode,
> +                       handle, &start_block);
> +        ext4_ext_drop_refs(path);
> +        kfree(path);
> +        if (err)
> +            break;
> +    }
> +    return err;
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * ext4_ext_truncate_range: truncate the block range from start
> + * block to end block including the end block from inode.
> + *
> + * @inode: file inode
> + * @start: start block
> + * @end: end block
> + * last_block: last_block number of the inode
> + *
> + * Returns: 0 on success or negative on error
> + */
> +int ext4_ext_truncate_range(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t start,
> +                ext4_lblk_t end, ext4_lblk_t last_block)
> +{
> +    int ret, credits;
> +    ext4_lblk_t shift = end - start + 1;
> +    handle_t *handle;
> +    loff_t isize_reduced;
> +    int blkbits = inode->i_blkbits;
> +    struct address_space *mapping = inode->i_mapping;
> +
> +    /* sync dirty pages for transfer */
> +    if (mapping->nrpages && mapping_tagged(mapping, PAGECACHE_TAG_DIRTY)) {
> +        ret = filemap_write_and_wait_range(mapping,
> +                (loff_t)start << blkbits,
> +                ((loff_t)(last_block + 1) << blkbits) - 1);
> +        if (ret)
> +            return ret;
> +    }
> +    truncate_inode_pages_range(inode->i_mapping,
> +                   start << inode->i_blkbits, -1);
> +    ext4_inode_block_unlocked_dio(inode);
> +    inode_dio_wait(inode);
> +    down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem);
> +    ext4_discard_preallocations(inode);
> +    ret = ext4_es_remove_extent(inode, start, end - start + 1);
> +    if (ret)
> +        goto out;
> +
> +    credits = ext4_writepage_trans_blocks(inode);
> +    handle = ext4_journal_start(inode, EXT4_HT_TRUNCATE, credits);
> +    if (IS_ERR(handle)) {
> +        ret = PTR_ERR(handle);
> +        goto out;
> +    }
> +
> +    ret = ext4_ext_remove_space(inode, start, end);
> +    if (ret)
> +        goto journal_stop;
> +
> +    ext4_discard_preallocations(inode);
> +
> +    if (end < last_block) {
> +        ret = ext4_ext_update_logical(inode, handle, end + 1,
> +                          shift, last_block + 1);
> +        if (ret)
> +            goto journal_stop;
> +    }
> +    isize_reduced = (loff_t)shift << blkbits;
> +    i_size_write(inode, inode->i_size - isize_reduced);
> +    EXT4_I(inode)->i_disksize -= isize_reduced;
> +    inode->i_mtime = inode->i_ctime = ext4_current_time(inode);
> +    ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode);
> +journal_stop:
> +    ext4_journal_stop(handle);
> +out:
> +    ext4_inode_resume_unlocked_dio(inode);
> +    up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem);
> +    return ret;
> +}
> +
> diff --git a/fs/ext4/ioctl.c b/fs/ext4/ioctl.c
> index 9491ac0..0530daf 100644
> --- a/fs/ext4/ioctl.c
> +++ b/fs/ext4/ioctl.c
> @@ -622,6 +622,68 @@ resizefs_out:
> 
>        return 0;
>    }
> +    case EXT4_IOC_TRUNCATE_BLOCK_RANGE:
> +    {
> +        struct truncate_range tr;
> +        ext4_lblk_t last_block, end_block;
> +        int error;
> +        loff_t i_size = i_size_read(inode);
> +
> +        if (!i_size)
> +            return 0;
> +
> +        if (!(filp->f_mode & FMODE_WRITE))
> +            return -EBADF;
> +
> +        if (IS_IMMUTABLE(inode) || IS_APPEND(inode))
> +            return -EPERM;
> +
> +        if (!S_ISREG(inode->i_mode))
> +            return -EOPNOTSUPP;
> +
> +        if (IS_SWAPFILE(inode))
> +            return -EOPNOTSUPP;
> +
> +        if (!ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS))
> +            return -EOPNOTSUPP;
> +
> +        if (EXT4_HAS_RO_COMPAT_FEATURE(sb,
> +            EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_BIGALLOC)) {
> +            ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR,
> +             "Truncate block range not supported with bigalloc");
> +            return -EOPNOTSUPP;
> +        }
> +
> +        if (copy_from_user(&tr, (const void *) arg,
> +                sizeof(struct truncate_range)))
> +            return -EFAULT;
> +
> +        if (!tr.length)
> +            return -EINVAL;
> +
> +        end_block = tr.start_block + tr.length - 1;
> +
> +        last_block = ((round_up(i_size,
> +                    EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE(inode->i_sb)))
> +                  >> inode->i_blkbits) - 1;
> +        if (tr.start_block > end_block ||
> +            tr.start_block > last_block)
> +            return -EINVAL;
> +
> +        if (end_block > last_block)
> +            end_block = last_block;
> +
> +        error = mnt_want_write_file(filp);
> +        if (error)
> +            return error;
> +
> +        mutex_lock(&inode->i_mutex);
> +        error = ext4_ext_truncate_range(inode, tr.start_block,
> +                        end_block, last_block);
> +        mutex_unlock(&inode->i_mutex);
> +        mnt_drop_write_file(filp);
> +        return error;
> +    }
> 
>    default:
>        return -ENOTTY;
> -- 
> 1.7.9.5
> 
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NamJae Jeon - June 24, 2013, 6:50 a.m.
2013/6/23, Dmitry Monakhov <dmonakhov@openvz.org>:
> On Sun, 23 Jun 2013 15:07:36 +0900, Namjae Jeon <linkinjeon@gmail.com>
> wrote:
>> From: Namjae Jeon <namjae.jeon@samsung.com>
Hi Dmitry.
> What is the difference between this ioctl and generic punch_hole?
It is different. Dave chinner already answered it.
>>
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NamJae Jeon - June 24, 2013, 7:20 a.m.
2013/6/24, Andreas Dilger <adilger@dilger.ca>:
> On 2013-06-23, at 0:07, Namjae Jeon <linkinjeon@gmail.com> wrote:
>
>> From: Namjae Jeon <namjae.jeon@samsung.com>
>> The EXT4_IOC_TRUNCATE_BLOCK_RANGE removes the data blocks lying
>> between [start, "start + length") and updates the logical block numbers
>> of data blocks starting from "start + length" block to last block of
>> file.
>> This will maintain contiguous nature of logical block numbers
>> after block removal.
>> Both the inode's disksize and logical size are updated after block
>> removal
>
> I don't think "truncate" describes this operation very well. It is more like
> "punch hole and shrink size".
There was a vfs inode operation (allthough no fs implemented it) which
was removed after the introduction of punch hole.
void (*truncate_range)(struct inode *, loff_t, loff_t);
We took the idea from this and named the ioctl truncate_block_range.

>
> The real question I have for both this operation is what practical use it
> has. I don't think that "editing a movie clip" is a real example, because
> the stream will not align on block boundaries, and will just result in
> copying most of the file data if it is a byte-aligned operation.
We are using this feature on our PVR devices, when working on streams
which primarily indicates that individual frames can be broken, In
such cases Application tool helps in selecting the offset for say 'an
advertisiment(garbage data)" to be removed, the tool will decode the
offset for that part in movie.
these offsets works as the range for our IOCTL implementaion.
Also, this is true that movie data will not align exaclt to the FS
block boundary i.e., why there is a dependency on the USER tool -
which sort of marks the area and maps to the file offset.
our points was for optimizing the edit operation by utilizing the FS layout.
Also, similar to punch hole/fallocate features which are targetted
towards application specific scenario. These IOCTL also open up a
channel which can be best utilized for media editing(this is one
particular case because we have used with greater advantage and is a
value addition)

Thanks!
>
> Cheers, Andreas
>
>> Signed-off-by: Namjae Jeon <namjae.jeon@samsung.com>
>> Signed-off-by: Ashish Sangwan <a.sangwan@samsung.com>
>> ---
>> fs/ext4/ext4.h         |    8 ++
>> fs/ext4/ext4_extents.h |    3 +
>> fs/ext4/extents.c      |  245
>> ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>> fs/ext4/ioctl.c        |   62 ++++++++++++
>> 4 files changed, 318 insertions(+)
>>
>> diff --git a/fs/ext4/ext4.h b/fs/ext4/ext4.h
>> index 6ed348d..df2c411 100644
>> --- a/fs/ext4/ext4.h
>> +++ b/fs/ext4/ext4.h
>> @@ -590,6 +590,7 @@ enum {
>> #define EXT4_IOC_MOVE_EXT        _IOWR('f', 15, struct move_extent)
>> #define EXT4_IOC_RESIZE_FS        _IOW('f', 16, __u64)
>> #define EXT4_IOC_SWAP_BOOT        _IO('f', 17)
>> +#define EXT4_IOC_TRUNCATE_BLOCK_RANGE    _IOW('f', 18, struct
>> truncate_range)
>>
>> #if defined(__KERNEL__) && defined(CONFIG_COMPAT)
>> /*
>> @@ -682,6 +683,11 @@ struct move_extent {
>>    __u64 moved_len;    /* moved block length */
>> };
>>
>> +struct truncate_range {
>> +    __u32 start_block;
>> +    __u32 length;
>> +};
>> +
>> #define EXT4_EPOCH_BITS 2
>> #define EXT4_EPOCH_MASK ((1 << EXT4_EPOCH_BITS) - 1)
>> #define EXT4_NSEC_MASK  (~0UL << EXT4_EPOCH_BITS)
>> @@ -2692,6 +2698,8 @@ extern int ext4_find_delalloc_range(struct inode
>> *inode,
>> extern int ext4_find_delalloc_cluster(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t
>> lblk);
>> extern int ext4_fiemap(struct inode *inode, struct fiemap_extent_info
>> *fieinfo,
>>            __u64 start, __u64 len);
>> +extern int ext4_ext_truncate_range(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t
>> start,
>> +                   ext4_lblk_t end, ext4_lblk_t last_block);
>>
>>
>> /* move_extent.c */
>> diff --git a/fs/ext4/ext4_extents.h b/fs/ext4/ext4_extents.h
>> index 51bc821..cc113cc 100644
>> --- a/fs/ext4/ext4_extents.h
>> +++ b/fs/ext4/ext4_extents.h
>> @@ -178,6 +178,9 @@ struct ext4_ext_path {
>> #define EXT_MAX_INDEX(__hdr__) \
>>    (EXT_FIRST_INDEX((__hdr__)) + le16_to_cpu((__hdr__)->eh_max) - 1)
>>
>> +#define EXTENT_START_FLAG    0x1
>> +#define INDEX_START_FLAG    0x2
>> +
>> static inline struct ext4_extent_header *ext_inode_hdr(struct inode
>> *inode)
>> {
>>    return (struct ext4_extent_header *) EXT4_I(inode)->i_data;
>> diff --git a/fs/ext4/extents.c b/fs/ext4/extents.c
>> index 937593e..ed85e34 100644
>> --- a/fs/ext4/extents.c
>> +++ b/fs/ext4/extents.c
>> @@ -4757,3 +4757,248 @@ int ext4_fiemap(struct inode *inode, struct
>> fiemap_extent_info *fieinfo,
>>
>>    return error;
>> }
>> +
>> +/*
>> + * ext4_trange_dirty_path: Function to mark the path buffer dirty.
>> + * It also checks if there are sufficient credits left in the
>> + * journal to update metadata. If the number of credits are less
>> + * restart the handle with additional credits.
>> + *
>> + * @handle: journal handle
>> + * @inode: file inode
>> + * @path: pointer to path
>> + * @num: number of inodes to be updated
>> + *
>> + * Returns: 0 on success or negative value on error
>> + */
>> +int ext4_trange_dirty_path(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode,
>> +               struct ext4_ext_path *path,
>> +               int num, ...)
>> +{
>> +    int credits, err, i;
>> +    struct inode *iptr;
>> +    va_list args;
>> +
>> +    /*
>> +     * Check if need to extend journal credits
>> +     * 3 for leaf, sb, and inode plus 2 (bmap and group
>> +     * descriptor) for each block group; assume two block
>> +     * groups
>> +     */
>> +    if (handle->h_buffer_credits < 7*(num + 1)) {
>> +        credits = ext4_writepage_trans_blocks(inode);
>> +        va_start(args, num);
>> +        for (i = 1; i <= num; i++) {
>> +            iptr = va_arg(args, struct inode *);
>> +            credits += ext4_writepage_trans_blocks(iptr);
>> +        }
>> +        va_end(args);
>> +        err = ext4_ext_truncate_extend_restart(handle, inode, credits);
>> +        /* EAGAIN is success */
>> +        if (err && err != -EAGAIN)
>> +            return err;
>> +    }
>> +    err = ext4_ext_get_access(handle, inode, path);
>> +    return err;
>> +}
>> +
>> +/*
>> + * ext4_ext_update_path: update the extents of a path structure
>> + * lying between path[depth].p_ext and
>> EXT_LAST_EXTENT(path[depth].p_hdr)
>> + * subtracting shift from starting block for each extent.
>> + *
>> + * @path: path for which extents are updated
>> + * @shift: Number of blocks to be subtracted from first logical block
>> + * that extent covers for each extent.
>> + * @inode: file inode
>> + * @handle: journal handle
>> + * @start_block: Points to the starting block of next extent which is
>> + * to be updated.
>> + *
>> + * Returns: 0 on success or negative on error.
>> + */
>> +int ext4_ext_update_path(struct ext4_ext_path *path, ext4_lblk_t shift,
>> +             struct inode *inode, handle_t *handle,
>> +             ext4_lblk_t *start_block)
>> +{
>> +    int depth, err = 0, flag = 0;
>> +    struct ext4_extent *ex_start, *ex_last;
>> +
>> +    depth = path->p_depth;
>> +    while (depth >= 0) {
>> +        if (depth == path->p_depth) {
>> +            ex_start = path[depth].p_ext;
>> +            if (!ex_start)
>> +                return -EIO;
>> +
>> +            err = ext4_trange_dirty_path(handle, inode,
>> +                             path + depth, 0);
>> +            if (err)
>> +                goto out;
>> +
>> +            if (path[depth].p_ext ==
>> +                EXT_FIRST_EXTENT(path[depth].p_hdr))
>> +                flag |= EXTENT_START_FLAG;
>> +
>> +            ex_last = EXT_LAST_EXTENT(path[depth].p_hdr);
>> +            while (ex_start <= ex_last) {
>> +                *start_block = ex_start->ee_block +
>> +                    ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex_start);
>> +                ex_start->ee_block -= shift;
>> +                ex_start++;
>> +            }
>> +            err = ext4_ext_dirty(handle, inode, path + depth);
>> +            if (err)
>> +                goto out;
>> +        } else {
>> +            /* If encountered starting extent, update index too */
>> +            if (path->p_depth - depth == 1) {
>> +                if (flag & EXTENT_START_FLAG) {
>> +                    /* Update index too */
>> +                    err = ext4_trange_dirty_path(handle,
>> +                            inode, path + depth, 0);
>> +                    if (err)
>> +                        goto out;
>> +                    path[depth].p_idx->ei_block -= shift;
>> +                    err = ext4_ext_dirty(handle, inode,
>> +                                 path + depth);
>> +                    if (err)
>> +                        goto out;
>> +                    flag &= ~EXTENT_START_FLAG;
>> +                } else
>> +                    /* No need to update any extent index */
>> +                    break;
>> +            }
>> +            /* Check, if earlier encountered starting index */
>> +            if (flag & INDEX_START_FLAG) {
>> +                err = ext4_trange_dirty_path(handle, inode,
>> +                            path + (depth), 0);
>> +                if (err)
>> +                    goto out;
>> +                path[depth].p_idx->ei_block -= shift;
>> +                err = ext4_ext_dirty(handle, inode,
>> +                             path + depth);
>> +                if (err)
>> +                    goto out;
>> +                flag &= ~INDEX_START_FLAG;
>> +            }
>> +            /* Check if this is a starting index */
>> +            if (path[depth].p_idx ==
>> +                EXT_FIRST_INDEX(path[depth].p_hdr)) {
>> +                /* starting of a block */
>> +                flag |= INDEX_START_FLAG;
>> +            } else
>> +                break;
>> +        }
>> +        depth--;
>> +    }
>> +out:
>> +    return err;
>> +}
>> +
>> +/*
>> + * ext4_ext_update_logical: update logical blocks ranging from start
>> + * to the end block for inode by moving them shift blocks to the left
>> + *
>> + * @inode: file inode
>> + * @handle: journal handle
>> + * @start_block : starting block for block updation
>> + * @shift: number of blocks to be shifted
>> + * @end_block: last block to be updated
>> + *
>> + * Returns: 0 on success or negative on failure
>> + */
>> +static int ext4_ext_update_logical(struct inode *inode, handle_t
>> *handle,
>> +                   ext4_lblk_t start_block, ext4_lblk_t shift,
>> +                   ext4_lblk_t end_block)
>> +{
>> +    struct ext4_ext_path *path;
>> +    int err = 0;
>> +
>> +    while (start_block < end_block) {
>> +        path = ext4_ext_find_extent(inode, start_block, NULL);
>> +        if (IS_ERR(path)) {
>> +            err = PTR_ERR(path);
>> +            break;
>> +        }
>> +        err = ext4_ext_update_path(path, shift, inode,
>> +                       handle, &start_block);
>> +        ext4_ext_drop_refs(path);
>> +        kfree(path);
>> +        if (err)
>> +            break;
>> +    }
>> +    return err;
>> +}
>> +
>> +/*
>> + * ext4_ext_truncate_range: truncate the block range from start
>> + * block to end block including the end block from inode.
>> + *
>> + * @inode: file inode
>> + * @start: start block
>> + * @end: end block
>> + * last_block: last_block number of the inode
>> + *
>> + * Returns: 0 on success or negative on error
>> + */
>> +int ext4_ext_truncate_range(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t start,
>> +                ext4_lblk_t end, ext4_lblk_t last_block)
>> +{
>> +    int ret, credits;
>> +    ext4_lblk_t shift = end - start + 1;
>> +    handle_t *handle;
>> +    loff_t isize_reduced;
>> +    int blkbits = inode->i_blkbits;
>> +    struct address_space *mapping = inode->i_mapping;
>> +
>> +    /* sync dirty pages for transfer */
>> +    if (mapping->nrpages && mapping_tagged(mapping, PAGECACHE_TAG_DIRTY))
>> {
>> +        ret = filemap_write_and_wait_range(mapping,
>> +                (loff_t)start << blkbits,
>> +                ((loff_t)(last_block + 1) << blkbits) - 1);
>> +        if (ret)
>> +            return ret;
>> +    }
>> +    truncate_inode_pages_range(inode->i_mapping,
>> +                   start << inode->i_blkbits, -1);
>> +    ext4_inode_block_unlocked_dio(inode);
>> +    inode_dio_wait(inode);
>> +    down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem);
>> +    ext4_discard_preallocations(inode);
>> +    ret = ext4_es_remove_extent(inode, start, end - start + 1);
>> +    if (ret)
>> +        goto out;
>> +
>> +    credits = ext4_writepage_trans_blocks(inode);
>> +    handle = ext4_journal_start(inode, EXT4_HT_TRUNCATE, credits);
>> +    if (IS_ERR(handle)) {
>> +        ret = PTR_ERR(handle);
>> +        goto out;
>> +    }
>> +
>> +    ret = ext4_ext_remove_space(inode, start, end);
>> +    if (ret)
>> +        goto journal_stop;
>> +
>> +    ext4_discard_preallocations(inode);
>> +
>> +    if (end < last_block) {
>> +        ret = ext4_ext_update_logical(inode, handle, end + 1,
>> +                          shift, last_block + 1);
>> +        if (ret)
>> +            goto journal_stop;
>> +    }
>> +    isize_reduced = (loff_t)shift << blkbits;
>> +    i_size_write(inode, inode->i_size - isize_reduced);
>> +    EXT4_I(inode)->i_disksize -= isize_reduced;
>> +    inode->i_mtime = inode->i_ctime = ext4_current_time(inode);
>> +    ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode);
>> +journal_stop:
>> +    ext4_journal_stop(handle);
>> +out:
>> +    ext4_inode_resume_unlocked_dio(inode);
>> +    up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem);
>> +    return ret;
>> +}
>> +
>> diff --git a/fs/ext4/ioctl.c b/fs/ext4/ioctl.c
>> index 9491ac0..0530daf 100644
>> --- a/fs/ext4/ioctl.c
>> +++ b/fs/ext4/ioctl.c
>> @@ -622,6 +622,68 @@ resizefs_out:
>>
>>        return 0;
>>    }
>> +    case EXT4_IOC_TRUNCATE_BLOCK_RANGE:
>> +    {
>> +        struct truncate_range tr;
>> +        ext4_lblk_t last_block, end_block;
>> +        int error;
>> +        loff_t i_size = i_size_read(inode);
>> +
>> +        if (!i_size)
>> +            return 0;
>> +
>> +        if (!(filp->f_mode & FMODE_WRITE))
>> +            return -EBADF;
>> +
>> +        if (IS_IMMUTABLE(inode) || IS_APPEND(inode))
>> +            return -EPERM;
>> +
>> +        if (!S_ISREG(inode->i_mode))
>> +            return -EOPNOTSUPP;
>> +
>> +        if (IS_SWAPFILE(inode))
>> +            return -EOPNOTSUPP;
>> +
>> +        if (!ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS))
>> +            return -EOPNOTSUPP;
>> +
>> +        if (EXT4_HAS_RO_COMPAT_FEATURE(sb,
>> +            EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_BIGALLOC)) {
>> +            ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR,
>> +             "Truncate block range not supported with bigalloc");
>> +            return -EOPNOTSUPP;
>> +        }
>> +
>> +        if (copy_from_user(&tr, (const void *) arg,
>> +                sizeof(struct truncate_range)))
>> +            return -EFAULT;
>> +
>> +        if (!tr.length)
>> +            return -EINVAL;
>> +
>> +        end_block = tr.start_block + tr.length - 1;
>> +
>> +        last_block = ((round_up(i_size,
>> +                    EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE(inode->i_sb)))
>> +                  >> inode->i_blkbits) - 1;
>> +        if (tr.start_block > end_block ||
>> +            tr.start_block > last_block)
>> +            return -EINVAL;
>> +
>> +        if (end_block > last_block)
>> +            end_block = last_block;
>> +
>> +        error = mnt_want_write_file(filp);
>> +        if (error)
>> +            return error;
>> +
>> +        mutex_lock(&inode->i_mutex);
>> +        error = ext4_ext_truncate_range(inode, tr.start_block,
>> +                        end_block, last_block);
>> +        mutex_unlock(&inode->i_mutex);
>> +        mnt_drop_write_file(filp);
>> +        return error;
>> +    }
>>
>>    default:
>>        return -ENOTTY;
>> --
>> 1.7.9.5
>>
>
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Patch

diff --git a/fs/ext4/ext4.h b/fs/ext4/ext4.h
index 6ed348d..df2c411 100644
--- a/fs/ext4/ext4.h
+++ b/fs/ext4/ext4.h
@@ -590,6 +590,7 @@  enum {
 #define EXT4_IOC_MOVE_EXT		_IOWR('f', 15, struct move_extent)
 #define EXT4_IOC_RESIZE_FS		_IOW('f', 16, __u64)
 #define EXT4_IOC_SWAP_BOOT		_IO('f', 17)
+#define EXT4_IOC_TRUNCATE_BLOCK_RANGE	_IOW('f', 18, struct truncate_range)
 
 #if defined(__KERNEL__) && defined(CONFIG_COMPAT)
 /*
@@ -682,6 +683,11 @@  struct move_extent {
 	__u64 moved_len;	/* moved block length */
 };
 
+struct truncate_range {
+	__u32 start_block;
+	__u32 length;
+};
+
 #define EXT4_EPOCH_BITS 2
 #define EXT4_EPOCH_MASK ((1 << EXT4_EPOCH_BITS) - 1)
 #define EXT4_NSEC_MASK  (~0UL << EXT4_EPOCH_BITS)
@@ -2692,6 +2698,8 @@  extern int ext4_find_delalloc_range(struct inode *inode,
 extern int ext4_find_delalloc_cluster(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t lblk);
 extern int ext4_fiemap(struct inode *inode, struct fiemap_extent_info *fieinfo,
 			__u64 start, __u64 len);
+extern int ext4_ext_truncate_range(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t start,
+				   ext4_lblk_t end, ext4_lblk_t last_block);
 
 
 /* move_extent.c */
diff --git a/fs/ext4/ext4_extents.h b/fs/ext4/ext4_extents.h
index 51bc821..cc113cc 100644
--- a/fs/ext4/ext4_extents.h
+++ b/fs/ext4/ext4_extents.h
@@ -178,6 +178,9 @@  struct ext4_ext_path {
 #define EXT_MAX_INDEX(__hdr__) \
 	(EXT_FIRST_INDEX((__hdr__)) + le16_to_cpu((__hdr__)->eh_max) - 1)
 
+#define EXTENT_START_FLAG	0x1
+#define INDEX_START_FLAG	0x2
+
 static inline struct ext4_extent_header *ext_inode_hdr(struct inode *inode)
 {
 	return (struct ext4_extent_header *) EXT4_I(inode)->i_data;
diff --git a/fs/ext4/extents.c b/fs/ext4/extents.c
index 937593e..ed85e34 100644
--- a/fs/ext4/extents.c
+++ b/fs/ext4/extents.c
@@ -4757,3 +4757,248 @@  int ext4_fiemap(struct inode *inode, struct fiemap_extent_info *fieinfo,
 
 	return error;
 }
+
+/*
+ * ext4_trange_dirty_path: Function to mark the path buffer dirty.
+ * It also checks if there are sufficient credits left in the
+ * journal to update metadata. If the number of credits are less
+ * restart the handle with additional credits.
+ *
+ * @handle: journal handle
+ * @inode: file inode
+ * @path: pointer to path
+ * @num: number of inodes to be updated
+ *
+ * Returns: 0 on success or negative value on error
+ */
+int ext4_trange_dirty_path(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode,
+			   struct ext4_ext_path *path,
+			   int num, ...)
+{
+	int credits, err, i;
+	struct inode *iptr;
+	va_list args;
+
+	/*
+	 * Check if need to extend journal credits
+	 * 3 for leaf, sb, and inode plus 2 (bmap and group
+	 * descriptor) for each block group; assume two block
+	 * groups
+	 */
+	if (handle->h_buffer_credits < 7*(num + 1)) {
+		credits = ext4_writepage_trans_blocks(inode);
+		va_start(args, num);
+		for (i = 1; i <= num; i++) {
+			iptr = va_arg(args, struct inode *);
+			credits += ext4_writepage_trans_blocks(iptr);
+		}
+		va_end(args);
+		err = ext4_ext_truncate_extend_restart(handle, inode, credits);
+		/* EAGAIN is success */
+		if (err && err != -EAGAIN)
+			return err;
+	}
+	err = ext4_ext_get_access(handle, inode, path);
+	return err;
+}
+
+/*
+ * ext4_ext_update_path: update the extents of a path structure
+ * lying between path[depth].p_ext and EXT_LAST_EXTENT(path[depth].p_hdr)
+ * subtracting shift from starting block for each extent.
+ *
+ * @path: path for which extents are updated
+ * @shift: Number of blocks to be subtracted from first logical block
+ * that extent covers for each extent.
+ * @inode: file inode
+ * @handle: journal handle
+ * @start_block: Points to the starting block of next extent which is
+ * to be updated.
+ *
+ * Returns: 0 on success or negative on error.
+ */
+int ext4_ext_update_path(struct ext4_ext_path *path, ext4_lblk_t shift,
+			 struct inode *inode, handle_t *handle,
+			 ext4_lblk_t *start_block)
+{
+	int depth, err = 0, flag = 0;
+	struct ext4_extent *ex_start, *ex_last;
+
+	depth = path->p_depth;
+	while (depth >= 0) {
+		if (depth == path->p_depth) {
+			ex_start = path[depth].p_ext;
+			if (!ex_start)
+				return -EIO;
+
+			err = ext4_trange_dirty_path(handle, inode,
+						     path + depth, 0);
+			if (err)
+				goto out;
+
+			if (path[depth].p_ext ==
+				EXT_FIRST_EXTENT(path[depth].p_hdr))
+				flag |= EXTENT_START_FLAG;
+
+			ex_last = EXT_LAST_EXTENT(path[depth].p_hdr);
+			while (ex_start <= ex_last) {
+				*start_block = ex_start->ee_block +
+					ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex_start);
+				ex_start->ee_block -= shift;
+				ex_start++;
+			}
+			err = ext4_ext_dirty(handle, inode, path + depth);
+			if (err)
+				goto out;
+		} else {
+			/* If encountered starting extent, update index too */
+			if (path->p_depth - depth == 1) {
+				if (flag & EXTENT_START_FLAG) {
+					/* Update index too */
+					err = ext4_trange_dirty_path(handle,
+						    inode, path + depth, 0);
+					if (err)
+						goto out;
+					path[depth].p_idx->ei_block -= shift;
+					err = ext4_ext_dirty(handle, inode,
+							     path + depth);
+					if (err)
+						goto out;
+					flag &= ~EXTENT_START_FLAG;
+				} else
+					/* No need to update any extent index */
+					break;
+			}
+			/* Check, if earlier encountered starting index */
+			if (flag & INDEX_START_FLAG) {
+				err = ext4_trange_dirty_path(handle, inode,
+							path + (depth), 0);
+				if (err)
+					goto out;
+				path[depth].p_idx->ei_block -= shift;
+				err = ext4_ext_dirty(handle, inode,
+						     path + depth);
+				if (err)
+					goto out;
+				flag &= ~INDEX_START_FLAG;
+			}
+			/* Check if this is a starting index */
+			if (path[depth].p_idx ==
+			    EXT_FIRST_INDEX(path[depth].p_hdr)) {
+				/* starting of a block */
+				flag |= INDEX_START_FLAG;
+			} else
+				break;
+		}
+		depth--;
+	}
+out:
+	return err;
+}
+
+/*
+ * ext4_ext_update_logical: update logical blocks ranging from start
+ * to the end block for inode by moving them shift blocks to the left
+ *
+ * @inode: file inode
+ * @handle: journal handle
+ * @start_block : starting block for block updation
+ * @shift: number of blocks to be shifted
+ * @end_block: last block to be updated
+ *
+ * Returns: 0 on success or negative on failure
+ */
+static int ext4_ext_update_logical(struct inode *inode, handle_t *handle,
+				   ext4_lblk_t start_block, ext4_lblk_t shift,
+				   ext4_lblk_t end_block)
+{
+	struct ext4_ext_path *path;
+	int err = 0;
+
+	while (start_block < end_block) {
+		path = ext4_ext_find_extent(inode, start_block, NULL);
+		if (IS_ERR(path)) {
+			err = PTR_ERR(path);
+			break;
+		}
+		err = ext4_ext_update_path(path, shift, inode,
+					   handle, &start_block);
+		ext4_ext_drop_refs(path);
+		kfree(path);
+		if (err)
+			break;
+	}
+	return err;
+}
+
+/*
+ * ext4_ext_truncate_range: truncate the block range from start
+ * block to end block including the end block from inode.
+ *
+ * @inode: file inode
+ * @start: start block
+ * @end: end block
+ * last_block: last_block number of the inode
+ *
+ * Returns: 0 on success or negative on error
+ */
+int ext4_ext_truncate_range(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t start,
+			    ext4_lblk_t end, ext4_lblk_t last_block)
+{
+	int ret, credits;
+	ext4_lblk_t shift = end - start + 1;
+	handle_t *handle;
+	loff_t isize_reduced;
+	int blkbits = inode->i_blkbits;
+	struct address_space *mapping = inode->i_mapping;
+
+	/* sync dirty pages for transfer */
+	if (mapping->nrpages && mapping_tagged(mapping, PAGECACHE_TAG_DIRTY)) {
+		ret = filemap_write_and_wait_range(mapping,
+				(loff_t)start << blkbits,
+				((loff_t)(last_block + 1) << blkbits) - 1);
+		if (ret)
+			return ret;
+	}
+	truncate_inode_pages_range(inode->i_mapping,
+				   start << inode->i_blkbits, -1);
+	ext4_inode_block_unlocked_dio(inode);
+	inode_dio_wait(inode);
+	down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem);
+	ext4_discard_preallocations(inode);
+	ret = ext4_es_remove_extent(inode, start, end - start + 1);
+	if (ret)
+		goto out;
+
+	credits = ext4_writepage_trans_blocks(inode);
+	handle = ext4_journal_start(inode, EXT4_HT_TRUNCATE, credits);
+	if (IS_ERR(handle)) {
+		ret = PTR_ERR(handle);
+		goto out;
+	}
+
+	ret = ext4_ext_remove_space(inode, start, end);
+	if (ret)
+		goto journal_stop;
+
+	ext4_discard_preallocations(inode);
+
+	if (end < last_block) {
+		ret = ext4_ext_update_logical(inode, handle, end + 1,
+					      shift, last_block + 1);
+		if (ret)
+			goto journal_stop;
+	}
+	isize_reduced = (loff_t)shift << blkbits;
+	i_size_write(inode, inode->i_size - isize_reduced);
+	EXT4_I(inode)->i_disksize -= isize_reduced;
+	inode->i_mtime = inode->i_ctime = ext4_current_time(inode);
+	ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode);
+journal_stop:
+	ext4_journal_stop(handle);
+out:
+	ext4_inode_resume_unlocked_dio(inode);
+	up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem);
+	return ret;
+}
+
diff --git a/fs/ext4/ioctl.c b/fs/ext4/ioctl.c
index 9491ac0..0530daf 100644
--- a/fs/ext4/ioctl.c
+++ b/fs/ext4/ioctl.c
@@ -622,6 +622,68 @@  resizefs_out:
 
 		return 0;
 	}
+	case EXT4_IOC_TRUNCATE_BLOCK_RANGE:
+	{
+		struct truncate_range tr;
+		ext4_lblk_t last_block, end_block;
+		int error;
+		loff_t i_size = i_size_read(inode);
+
+		if (!i_size)
+			return 0;
+
+		if (!(filp->f_mode & FMODE_WRITE))
+			return -EBADF;
+
+		if (IS_IMMUTABLE(inode) || IS_APPEND(inode))
+			return -EPERM;
+
+		if (!S_ISREG(inode->i_mode))
+			return -EOPNOTSUPP;
+
+		if (IS_SWAPFILE(inode))
+			return -EOPNOTSUPP;
+
+		if (!ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS))
+			return -EOPNOTSUPP;
+
+		if (EXT4_HAS_RO_COMPAT_FEATURE(sb,
+		    EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_BIGALLOC)) {
+			ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR,
+			 "Truncate block range not supported with bigalloc");
+			return -EOPNOTSUPP;
+		}
+
+		if (copy_from_user(&tr, (const void *) arg,
+				sizeof(struct truncate_range)))
+			return -EFAULT;
+
+		if (!tr.length)
+			return -EINVAL;
+
+		end_block = tr.start_block + tr.length - 1;
+
+		last_block = ((round_up(i_size,
+					EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE(inode->i_sb)))
+			      >> inode->i_blkbits) - 1;
+		if (tr.start_block > end_block ||
+		    tr.start_block > last_block)
+			return -EINVAL;
+
+		if (end_block > last_block)
+			end_block = last_block;
+
+		error = mnt_want_write_file(filp);
+		if (error)
+			return error;
+
+		mutex_lock(&inode->i_mutex);
+		error = ext4_ext_truncate_range(inode, tr.start_block,
+						end_block, last_block);
+		mutex_unlock(&inode->i_mutex);
+		mnt_drop_write_file(filp);
+		return error;
+	}
 
 	default:
 		return -ENOTTY;