Patchwork [RFC] ext4: New inode/block allocation algorithms for flex_bg filesystems

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Submitter Aneesh Kumar K.V
Date March 30, 2009, 8:48 a.m.
Message ID <20090330084811.GB15488@skywalker>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/25298/
State New
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Comments

Aneesh Kumar K.V - March 30, 2009, 8:48 a.m.
On Fri, Feb 27, 2009 at 12:08:12AM +0530, Aneesh Kumar K.V wrote:
> ....
> 
> >  static int find_group_orlov(struct super_block *sb, struct inode *parent,
> > -				ext4_group_t *group)
> > +			    ext4_group_t *group, int mode)
> >  {
> >  	ext4_group_t parent_group = EXT4_I(parent)->i_block_group;
> >  	struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb);
> > -	struct ext4_super_block *es = sbi->s_es;
> >  	ext4_group_t ngroups = sbi->s_groups_count;
> >  	int inodes_per_group = EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(sb);
> >  	unsigned int freei, avefreei;
> >  	ext4_fsblk_t freeb, avefreeb;
> > -	ext4_fsblk_t blocks_per_dir;
> >  	unsigned int ndirs;
> > -	int max_debt, max_dirs, min_inodes;
> > +	int max_dirs, min_inodes;
> >  	ext4_grpblk_t min_blocks;
> > -	ext4_group_t i;
> > +	ext4_group_t i, grp, g;
> >  	struct ext4_group_desc *desc;
> > +	struct orlov_stats stats;
> > +	int flex_size = ext4_flex_bg_size(sbi);
> > +
> > +	if (flex_size > 1) {
> > +		ngroups = (ngroups + flex_size - 1) >>
> > +			sbi->s_log_groups_per_flex;
> > +		parent_group >>= sbi->s_log_groups_per_flex;
> > +	}
> > 
> >  	freei = percpu_counter_read_positive(&sbi->s_freeinodes_counter);
> >  	avefreei = freei / ngroups;
> > @@ -460,71 +496,97 @@ static int find_group_orlov(struct super_block *sb, struct inode *parent,
> >  	do_div(avefreeb, ngroups);
> >  	ndirs = percpu_counter_read_positive(&sbi->s_dirs_counter);
> > 
> > -	if ((parent == sb->s_root->d_inode) ||
> > -	    (EXT4_I(parent)->i_flags & EXT4_TOPDIR_FL)) {
> > +	if (S_ISDIR(mode) &&
> > +	    ((parent == sb->s_root->d_inode) ||
> > +	     (EXT4_I(parent)->i_flags & EXT4_TOPDIR_FL))) {
> >  		int best_ndir = inodes_per_group;
> > -		ext4_group_t grp;
> >  		int ret = -1;
> > 
> >  		get_random_bytes(&grp, sizeof(grp));
> >  		parent_group = (unsigned)grp % ngroups;
> >  		for (i = 0; i < ngroups; i++) {
> > -			grp = (parent_group + i) % ngroups;
> > -			desc = ext4_get_group_desc(sb, grp, NULL);
> > -			if (!desc || !ext4_free_inodes_count(sb, desc))
> > +			g = (parent_group + i) % ngroups;
> > +			get_orlov_stats(sb, g, flex_size, &stats);
> > +			if (!stats.free_inodes)
> >  				continue;
> > -			if (ext4_used_dirs_count(sb, desc) >= best_ndir)
> > +			if (stats.used_dirs >= best_ndir)
> >  				continue;
> > -			if (ext4_free_inodes_count(sb, desc) < avefreei)
> > +			if (stats.free_inodes < avefreei)
> >  				continue;
> > -			if (ext4_free_blks_count(sb, desc) < avefreeb)
> > +			if (stats.free_blocks < avefreeb)
> >  				continue;
> > -			*group = grp;
> > +			grp = g;
> >  			ret = 0;
> > -			best_ndir = ext4_used_dirs_count(sb, desc);
> > +			best_ndir = stats.used_dirs;
> > +		}
> > +		if (ret)
> > +			goto fallback;
> > +	found_flex_bg:
> > +		if (flex_size == 1) {
> > +			*group = grp;
> > +			return 0;
> > +		}
> > +
> > +		/*
> > +		 * We pack inodes at the beginning of the flexgroup's
> > +		 * inode tables.  Block allocation decisions will do
> > +		 * something similar, although regular files will
> > +		 * start at 2nd block group of the flexgroup.  See
> > +		 * ext4_ext_find_goal() and ext4_find_near().
> > +		 */
> > +		grp *= flex_size;
> > +		for (i = 0; i < flex_size; i++) {
> > +			if (grp+i >= sbi->s_groups_count)
> > +				break;
> > +			desc = ext4_get_group_desc(sb, grp+i, NULL);
> > +			if (desc && ext4_free_inodes_count(sb, desc)) {
> > +				*group = grp+i;
> > +				return 0;
> > +			}
> >  		}
> > -		if (ret == 0)
> > -			return ret;
> >  		goto fallback;
> >  	}
> > 
> > -	blocks_per_dir = ext4_blocks_count(es) - freeb;
> > -	do_div(blocks_per_dir, ndirs);
> > -
> >  	max_dirs = ndirs / ngroups + inodes_per_group / 16;
> > -	min_inodes = avefreei - inodes_per_group / 4;
> > -	min_blocks = avefreeb - EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(sb) / 4;
> > -
> > -	max_debt = EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(sb);
> > -	max_debt /= max_t(int, blocks_per_dir, BLOCK_COST);
> > -	if (max_debt * INODE_COST > inodes_per_group)
> > -		max_debt = inodes_per_group / INODE_COST;
> > -	if (max_debt > 255)
> > -		max_debt = 255;
> > -	if (max_debt == 0)
> > -		max_debt = 1;
> > +	min_inodes = avefreei - inodes_per_group*flex_size / 4;
> > +	if (min_inodes < 1)
> > +		min_inodes = 1;
> > +	min_blocks = avefreeb - EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(sb)*flex_size / 4;
> > +
> > +	/*
> > +	 * Start looking in the flex group where we last allocated an
> > +	 * inode for this parent directory
> > +	 */
> > +	if (EXT4_I(parent)->i_last_alloc_group != ~0) {
> > +		parent_group = EXT4_I(parent)->i_last_alloc_group;
> > +		if (flex_size > 1)
> > +			parent_group >>= sbi->s_log_groups_per_flex;
> > +	}
> > 
> >  	for (i = 0; i < ngroups; i++) {
> > -		*group = (parent_group + i) % ngroups;
> > -		desc = ext4_get_group_desc(sb, *group, NULL);
> > -		if (!desc || !ext4_free_inodes_count(sb, desc))
> > -			continue;
> > -		if (ext4_used_dirs_count(sb, desc) >= max_dirs)
> > +		grp = (parent_group + i) % ngroups;
> > +		get_orlov_stats(sb, grp, flex_size, &stats);
> > +		if (stats.used_dirs >= max_dirs)
> >  			continue;
> > -		if (ext4_free_inodes_count(sb, desc) < min_inodes)
> > +		if (stats.free_inodes < min_inodes)
> >  			continue;
> > -		if (ext4_free_blks_count(sb, desc) < min_blocks)
> > +		if (stats.free_blocks < min_blocks)
> >  			continue;
> > -		return 0;
> > +		goto found_flex_bg;
> >  	}
> > 
> >  fallback:
> > +	ngroups = sbi->s_groups_count;
> > +	avefreei = freei / ngroups;
> > +	parent_group = EXT4_I(parent)->i_block_group;
> >  	for (i = 0; i < ngroups; i++) {
> > -		*group = (parent_group + i) % ngroups;
> > -		desc = ext4_get_group_desc(sb, *group, NULL);
> > +		grp = (parent_group + i) % ngroups;
> > +		desc = ext4_get_group_desc(sb, grp, NULL);
> >  		if (desc && ext4_free_inodes_count(sb, desc) &&
> > -			ext4_free_inodes_count(sb, desc) >= avefreei)
> > +		    ext4_free_inodes_count(sb, desc) >= avefreei) {
> > +			*group = grp;
> >  			return 0;
> > +		}
> >  	}
> > 
> >  	if (avefreei) {
> > @@ -540,12 +602,51 @@ fallback:
> >  }
> > 
> >  static int find_group_other(struct super_block *sb, struct inode *parent,
> > -				ext4_group_t *group)
> > +			    ext4_group_t *group, int mode)
> >  {
> >  	ext4_group_t parent_group = EXT4_I(parent)->i_block_group;
> >  	ext4_group_t ngroups = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_groups_count;
> >  	struct ext4_group_desc *desc;
> > -	ext4_group_t i;
> > +	ext4_group_t i, last;
> > +	int flex_size = ext4_flex_bg_size(EXT4_SB(sb));
> > +
> > +	/*
> > +	 * Try to place the inode is the same flex group as its
> > +	 * parent.  If we can't find space, use the Orlov algorithm to
> > +	 * find another flex group, and store that information in the
> > +	 * parent directory's inode information so that use that flex
> > +	 * group for future allocations.
> > +	 */
> > +	if (flex_size > 1) {
> > +		int retry = 0;
> > +
> > +	try_again:
> > +		parent_group &= ~(flex_size-1);
> > +		last = parent_group + flex_size;
> > +		if (last > ngroups)
> > +			last = ngroups;
> > +		for  (i = parent_group; i < last; i++) {
> > +			desc = ext4_get_group_desc(sb, i, NULL);
> > +			if (desc && ext4_free_inodes_count(sb, desc)) {
> > +				*group = i;
> > +				return 0;
> > +			}
> > +		}
> > +		if (!retry && EXT4_I(parent)->i_last_alloc_group != ~0) {
> > +			retry = 1;
> > +			parent_group = EXT4_I(parent)->i_last_alloc_group;
> > +			goto try_again;
> > +		}
> 
> 
> For directories we try first with i_last_alloc_group and then with the
> parent i_block_group. For file we are doing the other way round here.
> Does it make sense to try with i_last_alloc_group first ?
> 
> 
> 
> > +		/*
> > +		 * If this didn't work, use the Orlov search algorithm
> > +		 * to find a new flex group; we pass in the mode to
> > +		 * avoid the topdir algorithms.
> > +		 */
> > +		*group = parent_group + flex_size;
> > +		if (*group > ngroups)
> > +			*group = 0;
> > +		return find_group_orlov(sb, parent, group, mode);
> > +	}
> > 
> >  	/*
> 
> If you want you can add
> Reviewed-by: Aneesh Kumar K.V <aneesh.kumar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
> 

How about the below update for the patch ?

commit 79561847d40ba84a8618f10445cb9f132c57bdd9
Author: Aneesh Kumar K.V <aneesh.kumar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Date:   Mon Mar 30 13:04:16 2009 +0530

    update for orlov allocator

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Patch

diff --git a/fs/ext4/ialloc.c b/fs/ext4/ialloc.c
index 47b84e8..4dac65c 100644
--- a/fs/ext4/ialloc.c
+++ b/fs/ext4/ialloc.c
@@ -611,19 +611,26 @@  static int find_group_orlov(struct super_block *sb, struct inode *parent,
 static int find_group_other(struct super_block *sb, struct inode *parent,
 			    ext4_group_t *group, int mode)
 {
-	ext4_group_t parent_group = EXT4_I(parent)->i_block_group;
-	ext4_group_t ngroups = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_groups_count;
+	ext4_group_t parent_group;
 	struct ext4_group_desc *desc;
 	ext4_group_t i, last;
 	int flex_size = ext4_flex_bg_size(EXT4_SB(sb));
-
+	ext4_group_t ngroups = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_groups_count;
 	/*
 	 * Try to place the inode is the same flex group as its
 	 * parent.  If we can't find space, use the Orlov algorithm to
 	 * find another flex group, and store that information in the
 	 * parent directory's inode information so that use that flex
 	 * group for future allocations.
+	 *
+	 * Start looking in the flex group where we last allocated an
+	 * for this parent directory.
 	 */
+	if (EXT4_I(parent)->i_last_alloc_group != ~0)
+		parent_group = EXT4_I(parent)->i_last_alloc_group;
+	else
+		parent_group = EXT4_I(parent)->i_block_group;
+
 	if (flex_size > 1) {
 		int retry = 0;
 
@@ -640,8 +647,13 @@  static int find_group_other(struct super_block *sb, struct inode *parent,
 			}
 		}
 		if (!retry && EXT4_I(parent)->i_last_alloc_group != ~0) {
+			/*
+			 * with i_last_alloc_group we failed to find
+			 * group with free inodes. So try with parent
+			 * directory inode group.
+			 */
+			parent_group = EXT4_I(parent)->i_block_group;
 			retry = 1;
-			parent_group = EXT4_I(parent)->i_last_alloc_group;
 			goto try_again;
 		}
 		/*