Patchwork [PULL,6/7] NVMe: Initial commit for new storage interface

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Submitter Kevin Wolf
Date June 17, 2013, 4:31 p.m.
Message ID <1371486710-17793-7-git-send-email-kwolf@redhat.com>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/251925/
State New
Headers show

Comments

Kevin Wolf - June 17, 2013, 4:31 p.m.
From: Keith Busch <keith.busch@intel.com>

Initial commit for emulated Non-Volatile-Memory Express (NVMe) pci
storage device.

NVMe is an open, industry driven storage specification defining
an optimized register and command set designed to deliver the full
capabilities of non-volatile memory on PCIe SSDs. Further information
may be found on the organizations website at:

http://www.nvmexpress.org/

This commit implements the minimum from the specification to work with
existing drivers.

Cc: Keith Busch <keith.busch@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Keith Busch <keith.busch@intel.com>
Reviewed-by: Stefan Hajnoczi <stefanha@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Kevin Wolf <kwolf@redhat.com>
---
 MAINTAINERS              |   5 +
 default-configs/pci.mak  |   1 +
 hw/block/Makefile.objs   |   1 +
 hw/block/nvme.c          | 885 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 hw/block/nvme.h          | 711 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 include/hw/pci/pci_ids.h |   1 +
 6 files changed, 1604 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 hw/block/nvme.c
 create mode 100644 hw/block/nvme.h

Patch

diff --git a/MAINTAINERS b/MAINTAINERS
index 3412b07..a015f68 100644
--- a/MAINTAINERS
+++ b/MAINTAINERS
@@ -609,6 +609,11 @@  S: Supported
 F: hw/char/virtio-serial-bus.c
 F: hw/char/virtio-console.c
 
+nvme
+M: Keith Busch <keith.busch@intel.com>
+S: Supported
+F: hw/block/nvme*
+
 Xilinx EDK
 M: Peter Crosthwaite <peter.crosthwaite@petalogix.com>
 M: Edgar E. Iglesias <edgar.iglesias@gmail.com>
diff --git a/default-configs/pci.mak b/default-configs/pci.mak
index d557eab..91b1e92 100644
--- a/default-configs/pci.mak
+++ b/default-configs/pci.mak
@@ -29,3 +29,4 @@  CONFIG_SERIAL_PCI=y
 CONFIG_IPACK=y
 CONFIG_WDT_IB6300ESB=y
 CONFIG_PCI_TESTDEV=y
+CONFIG_NVME_PCI=y
diff --git a/hw/block/Makefile.objs b/hw/block/Makefile.objs
index e4329a0..25acc67 100644
--- a/hw/block/Makefile.objs
+++ b/hw/block/Makefile.objs
@@ -8,6 +8,7 @@  common-obj-$(CONFIG_XEN_BACKEND) += xen_disk.o
 common-obj-$(CONFIG_ECC) += ecc.o
 common-obj-$(CONFIG_ONENAND) += onenand.o
 common-obj-$(CONFIG_PC_SYSFW) += pc_sysfw.o
+common-obj-$(CONFIG_NVME_PCI) += nvme.o
 
 obj-$(CONFIG_SH4) += tc58128.o
 
diff --git a/hw/block/nvme.c b/hw/block/nvme.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..5db941c
--- /dev/null
+++ b/hw/block/nvme.c
@@ -0,0 +1,885 @@ 
+/*
+ * QEMU NVM Express Controller
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 2012, Intel Corporation
+ *
+ * Written by Keith Busch <keith.busch@intel.com>
+ *
+ * This code is licensed under the GNU GPL v2 or later.
+ */
+
+/**
+ * Reference Specs: http://www.nvmexpress.org, 1.1, 1.0e
+ *
+ *  http://www.nvmexpress.org/resources/
+ */
+
+/**
+ * Usage: add options:
+ *      -drive file=<file>,if=none,id=<drive_id>
+ *      -device nvme,drive=<drive_id>,serial=<serial>,id=<id[optional]>
+ */
+
+#include <hw/block/block.h>
+#include <hw/hw.h>
+#include <hw/pci/msix.h>
+#include <hw/pci/pci.h>
+
+#include "nvme.h"
+
+static void nvme_process_sq(void *opaque);
+
+static int nvme_check_sqid(NvmeCtrl *n, uint16_t sqid)
+{
+    return sqid < n->num_queues && n->sq[sqid] != NULL ? 0 : -1;
+}
+
+static int nvme_check_cqid(NvmeCtrl *n, uint16_t cqid)
+{
+    return cqid < n->num_queues && n->cq[cqid] != NULL ? 0 : -1;
+}
+
+static void nvme_inc_cq_tail(NvmeCQueue *cq)
+{
+    cq->tail++;
+    if (cq->tail >= cq->size) {
+        cq->tail = 0;
+        cq->phase = !cq->phase;
+    }
+}
+
+static void nvme_inc_sq_head(NvmeSQueue *sq)
+{
+    sq->head = (sq->head + 1) % sq->size;
+}
+
+static uint8_t nvme_cq_full(NvmeCQueue *cq)
+{
+    return (cq->tail + 1) % cq->size == cq->head;
+}
+
+static uint8_t nvme_sq_empty(NvmeSQueue *sq)
+{
+    return sq->head == sq->tail;
+}
+
+static void nvme_isr_notify(NvmeCtrl *n, NvmeCQueue *cq)
+{
+    if (cq->irq_enabled) {
+        if (msix_enabled(&(n->parent_obj))) {
+            msix_notify(&(n->parent_obj), cq->vector);
+        } else {
+            qemu_irq_pulse(n->parent_obj.irq[0]);
+        }
+    }
+}
+
+static uint16_t nvme_map_prp(QEMUSGList *qsg, uint64_t prp1, uint64_t prp2,
+    uint32_t len, NvmeCtrl *n)
+{
+    hwaddr trans_len = n->page_size - (prp1 % n->page_size);
+    trans_len = MIN(len, trans_len);
+    int num_prps = (len >> n->page_bits) + 1;
+
+    if (!prp1) {
+        return NVME_INVALID_FIELD | NVME_DNR;
+    }
+
+    qemu_sglist_init(qsg, num_prps, pci_dma_context(&n->parent_obj));
+    qemu_sglist_add(qsg, prp1, trans_len);
+    len -= trans_len;
+    if (len) {
+        if (!prp2) {
+            goto unmap;
+        }
+        if (len > n->page_size) {
+            uint64_t prp_list[n->max_prp_ents];
+            uint32_t nents, prp_trans;
+            int i = 0;
+
+            nents = (len + n->page_size - 1) >> n->page_bits;
+            prp_trans = MIN(n->max_prp_ents, nents) * sizeof(uint64_t);
+            pci_dma_read(&n->parent_obj, prp2, (void *)prp_list, prp_trans);
+            while (len != 0) {
+                uint64_t prp_ent = le64_to_cpu(prp_list[i]);
+
+                if (i == n->max_prp_ents - 1 && len > n->page_size) {
+                    if (!prp_ent || prp_ent & (n->page_size - 1)) {
+                        goto unmap;
+                    }
+
+                    i = 0;
+                    nents = (len + n->page_size - 1) >> n->page_bits;
+                    prp_trans = MIN(n->max_prp_ents, nents) * sizeof(uint64_t);
+                    pci_dma_read(&n->parent_obj, prp_ent, (void *)prp_list,
+                        prp_trans);
+                    prp_ent = le64_to_cpu(prp_list[i]);
+                }
+
+                if (!prp_ent || prp_ent & (n->page_size - 1)) {
+                    goto unmap;
+                }
+
+                trans_len = MIN(len, n->page_size);
+                qemu_sglist_add(qsg, prp_ent, trans_len);
+                len -= trans_len;
+                i++;
+            }
+        } else {
+            if (prp2 & (n->page_size - 1)) {
+                goto unmap;
+            }
+            qemu_sglist_add(qsg, prp2, len);
+        }
+    }
+    return NVME_SUCCESS;
+
+ unmap:
+    qemu_sglist_destroy(qsg);
+    return NVME_INVALID_FIELD | NVME_DNR;
+}
+
+static uint16_t nvme_dma_read_prp(NvmeCtrl *n, uint8_t *ptr, uint32_t len,
+    uint64_t prp1, uint64_t prp2)
+{
+    QEMUSGList qsg;
+
+    if (nvme_map_prp(&qsg, prp1, prp2, len, n)) {
+        return NVME_INVALID_FIELD | NVME_DNR;
+    }
+    if (dma_buf_read(ptr, len, &qsg)) {
+        qemu_sglist_destroy(&qsg);
+        return NVME_INVALID_FIELD | NVME_DNR;
+    }
+    return NVME_SUCCESS;
+}
+
+static void nvme_post_cqes(void *opaque)
+{
+    NvmeCQueue *cq = opaque;
+    NvmeCtrl *n = cq->ctrl;
+    NvmeRequest *req, *next;
+
+    QTAILQ_FOREACH_SAFE(req, &cq->req_list, entry, next) {
+        NvmeSQueue *sq;
+        hwaddr addr;
+
+        if (nvme_cq_full(cq)) {
+            break;
+        }
+
+        QTAILQ_REMOVE(&cq->req_list, req, entry);
+        sq = req->sq;
+        req->cqe.status = cpu_to_le16((req->status << 1) | cq->phase);
+        req->cqe.sq_id = cpu_to_le16(sq->sqid);
+        req->cqe.sq_head = cpu_to_le16(sq->head);
+        addr = cq->dma_addr + cq->tail * n->cqe_size;
+        nvme_inc_cq_tail(cq);
+        pci_dma_write(&n->parent_obj, addr, (void *)&req->cqe,
+            sizeof(req->cqe));
+        QTAILQ_INSERT_TAIL(&sq->req_list, req, entry);
+    }
+    nvme_isr_notify(n, cq);
+}
+
+static void nvme_enqueue_req_completion(NvmeCQueue *cq, NvmeRequest *req)
+{
+    assert(cq->cqid == req->sq->cqid);
+    QTAILQ_REMOVE(&req->sq->out_req_list, req, entry);
+    QTAILQ_INSERT_TAIL(&cq->req_list, req, entry);
+    qemu_mod_timer(cq->timer, qemu_get_clock_ns(vm_clock) + 500);
+}
+
+static void nvme_rw_cb(void *opaque, int ret)
+{
+    NvmeRequest *req = opaque;
+    NvmeSQueue *sq = req->sq;
+    NvmeCtrl *n = sq->ctrl;
+    NvmeCQueue *cq = n->cq[sq->cqid];
+
+    bdrv_acct_done(n->conf.bs, &req->acct);
+    if (!ret) {
+        req->status = NVME_SUCCESS;
+    } else {
+        req->status = NVME_INTERNAL_DEV_ERROR;
+    }
+
+    qemu_sglist_destroy(&req->qsg);
+    nvme_enqueue_req_completion(cq, req);
+}
+
+static uint16_t nvme_rw(NvmeCtrl *n, NvmeNamespace *ns, NvmeCmd *cmd,
+    NvmeRequest *req)
+{
+    NvmeRwCmd *rw = (NvmeRwCmd *)cmd;
+    uint32_t nlb  = le32_to_cpu(rw->nlb) + 1;
+    uint64_t slba = le64_to_cpu(rw->slba);
+    uint64_t prp1 = le64_to_cpu(rw->prp1);
+    uint64_t prp2 = le64_to_cpu(rw->prp2);
+
+    uint8_t lba_index  = NVME_ID_NS_FLBAS_INDEX(ns->id_ns.flbas);
+    uint8_t data_shift = ns->id_ns.lbaf[lba_index].ds;
+    uint64_t data_size = nlb << data_shift;
+    uint64_t aio_slba  = slba << (data_shift - BDRV_SECTOR_BITS);
+    int is_write = rw->opcode == NVME_CMD_WRITE ? 1 : 0;
+
+    if ((slba + nlb) > ns->id_ns.nsze) {
+        return NVME_LBA_RANGE | NVME_DNR;
+    }
+    if (nvme_map_prp(&req->qsg, prp1, prp2, data_size, n)) {
+        return NVME_INVALID_FIELD | NVME_DNR;
+    }
+    assert((nlb << data_shift) == req->qsg.size);
+
+    dma_acct_start(n->conf.bs, &req->acct, &req->qsg, is_write ?
+        BDRV_ACCT_WRITE : BDRV_ACCT_READ);
+    req->aiocb = is_write ?
+        dma_bdrv_write(n->conf.bs, &req->qsg, aio_slba, nvme_rw_cb, req) :
+        dma_bdrv_read(n->conf.bs, &req->qsg, aio_slba, nvme_rw_cb, req);
+
+    return NVME_NO_COMPLETE;
+}
+
+static uint16_t nvme_io_cmd(NvmeCtrl *n, NvmeCmd *cmd, NvmeRequest *req)
+{
+    NvmeNamespace *ns;
+    uint32_t nsid = le32_to_cpu(cmd->nsid);
+
+    if (nsid == 0 || nsid > n->num_namespaces) {
+        return NVME_INVALID_NSID | NVME_DNR;
+    }
+
+    ns = &n->namespaces[nsid - 1];
+    switch (cmd->opcode) {
+    case NVME_CMD_FLUSH:
+        return NVME_SUCCESS;
+    case NVME_CMD_WRITE:
+    case NVME_CMD_READ:
+        return nvme_rw(n, ns, cmd, req);
+    default:
+        return NVME_INVALID_OPCODE | NVME_DNR;
+    }
+}
+
+static void nvme_free_sq(NvmeSQueue *sq, NvmeCtrl *n)
+{
+    n->sq[sq->sqid] = NULL;
+    qemu_del_timer(sq->timer);
+    qemu_free_timer(sq->timer);
+    g_free(sq->io_req);
+    if (sq->sqid) {
+        g_free(sq);
+    }
+}
+
+static uint16_t nvme_del_sq(NvmeCtrl *n, NvmeCmd *cmd)
+{
+    NvmeDeleteQ *c = (NvmeDeleteQ *)cmd;
+    NvmeRequest *req, *next;
+    NvmeSQueue *sq;
+    NvmeCQueue *cq;
+    uint16_t qid = le16_to_cpu(c->qid);
+
+    if (!qid || nvme_check_sqid(n, qid)) {
+        return NVME_INVALID_QID | NVME_DNR;
+    }
+
+    sq = n->sq[qid];
+    while (!QTAILQ_EMPTY(&sq->out_req_list)) {
+        req = QTAILQ_FIRST(&sq->out_req_list);
+        assert(req->aiocb);
+        bdrv_aio_cancel(req->aiocb);
+    }
+    if (!nvme_check_cqid(n, sq->cqid)) {
+        cq = n->cq[sq->cqid];
+        QTAILQ_REMOVE(&cq->sq_list, sq, entry);
+
+        nvme_post_cqes(cq);
+        QTAILQ_FOREACH_SAFE(req, &cq->req_list, entry, next) {
+            if (req->sq == sq) {
+                QTAILQ_REMOVE(&cq->req_list, req, entry);
+                QTAILQ_INSERT_TAIL(&sq->req_list, req, entry);
+            }
+        }
+    }
+
+    nvme_free_sq(sq, n);
+    return NVME_SUCCESS;
+}
+
+static void nvme_init_sq(NvmeSQueue *sq, NvmeCtrl *n, uint64_t dma_addr,
+    uint16_t sqid, uint16_t cqid, uint16_t size)
+{
+    int i;
+    NvmeCQueue *cq;
+
+    sq->ctrl = n;
+    sq->dma_addr = dma_addr;
+    sq->sqid = sqid;
+    sq->size = size;
+    sq->cqid = cqid;
+    sq->head = sq->tail = 0;
+    sq->io_req = g_malloc(sq->size * sizeof(*sq->io_req));
+
+    QTAILQ_INIT(&sq->req_list);
+    QTAILQ_INIT(&sq->out_req_list);
+    for (i = 0; i < sq->size; i++) {
+        sq->io_req[i].sq = sq;
+        QTAILQ_INSERT_TAIL(&(sq->req_list), &sq->io_req[i], entry);
+    }
+    sq->timer = qemu_new_timer_ns(vm_clock, nvme_process_sq, sq);
+
+    assert(n->cq[cqid]);
+    cq = n->cq[cqid];
+    QTAILQ_INSERT_TAIL(&(cq->sq_list), sq, entry);
+    n->sq[sqid] = sq;
+}
+
+static uint16_t nvme_create_sq(NvmeCtrl *n, NvmeCmd *cmd)
+{
+    NvmeSQueue *sq;
+    NvmeCreateSq *c = (NvmeCreateSq *)cmd;
+
+    uint16_t cqid = le16_to_cpu(c->cqid);
+    uint16_t sqid = le16_to_cpu(c->sqid);
+    uint16_t qsize = le16_to_cpu(c->qsize);
+    uint16_t qflags = le16_to_cpu(c->sq_flags);
+    uint64_t prp1 = le64_to_cpu(c->prp1);
+
+    if (!cqid || nvme_check_cqid(n, cqid)) {
+        return NVME_INVALID_CQID | NVME_DNR;
+    }
+    if (!sqid || (sqid && !nvme_check_sqid(n, sqid))) {
+        return NVME_INVALID_QID | NVME_DNR;
+    }
+    if (!qsize || qsize > NVME_CAP_MQES(n->bar.cap)) {
+        return NVME_MAX_QSIZE_EXCEEDED | NVME_DNR;
+    }
+    if (!prp1 || prp1 & (n->page_size - 1)) {
+        return NVME_INVALID_FIELD | NVME_DNR;
+    }
+    if (!(NVME_SQ_FLAGS_PC(qflags))) {
+        return NVME_INVALID_FIELD | NVME_DNR;
+    }
+    sq = g_malloc0(sizeof(*sq));
+    nvme_init_sq(sq, n, prp1, sqid, cqid, qsize + 1);
+    return NVME_SUCCESS;
+}
+
+static void nvme_free_cq(NvmeCQueue *cq, NvmeCtrl *n)
+{
+    n->cq[cq->cqid] = NULL;
+    qemu_del_timer(cq->timer);
+    qemu_free_timer(cq->timer);
+    msix_vector_unuse(&n->parent_obj, cq->vector);
+    if (cq->cqid) {
+        g_free(cq);
+    }
+}
+
+static uint16_t nvme_del_cq(NvmeCtrl *n, NvmeCmd *cmd)
+{
+    NvmeDeleteQ *c = (NvmeDeleteQ *)cmd;
+    NvmeCQueue *cq;
+    uint16_t qid = le16_to_cpu(c->qid);
+
+    if (!qid || nvme_check_cqid(n, qid)) {
+        return NVME_INVALID_CQID | NVME_DNR;
+    }
+
+    cq = n->cq[qid];
+    if (!QTAILQ_EMPTY(&cq->sq_list)) {
+        return NVME_INVALID_QUEUE_DEL;
+    }
+    nvme_free_cq(cq, n);
+    return NVME_SUCCESS;
+}
+
+static void nvme_init_cq(NvmeCQueue *cq, NvmeCtrl *n, uint64_t dma_addr,
+    uint16_t cqid, uint16_t vector, uint16_t size, uint16_t irq_enabled)
+{
+    cq->ctrl = n;
+    cq->cqid = cqid;
+    cq->size = size;
+    cq->dma_addr = dma_addr;
+    cq->phase = 1;
+    cq->irq_enabled = irq_enabled;
+    cq->vector = vector;
+    cq->head = cq->tail = 0;
+    QTAILQ_INIT(&cq->req_list);
+    QTAILQ_INIT(&cq->sq_list);
+    msix_vector_use(&n->parent_obj, cq->vector);
+    n->cq[cqid] = cq;
+    cq->timer = qemu_new_timer_ns(vm_clock, nvme_post_cqes, cq);
+}
+
+static uint16_t nvme_create_cq(NvmeCtrl *n, NvmeCmd *cmd)
+{
+    NvmeCQueue *cq;
+    NvmeCreateCq *c = (NvmeCreateCq *)cmd;
+    uint16_t cqid = le16_to_cpu(c->cqid);
+    uint16_t vector = le16_to_cpu(c->irq_vector);
+    uint16_t qsize = le16_to_cpu(c->qsize);
+    uint16_t qflags = le16_to_cpu(c->cq_flags);
+    uint64_t prp1 = le64_to_cpu(c->prp1);
+
+    if (!cqid || (cqid && !nvme_check_cqid(n, cqid))) {
+        return NVME_INVALID_CQID | NVME_DNR;
+    }
+    if (!qsize || qsize > NVME_CAP_MQES(n->bar.cap)) {
+        return NVME_MAX_QSIZE_EXCEEDED | NVME_DNR;
+    }
+    if (!prp1) {
+        return NVME_INVALID_FIELD | NVME_DNR;
+    }
+    if (vector > n->num_queues) {
+        return NVME_INVALID_IRQ_VECTOR | NVME_DNR;
+    }
+    if (!(NVME_CQ_FLAGS_PC(qflags))) {
+        return NVME_INVALID_FIELD | NVME_DNR;
+    }
+
+    cq = g_malloc0(sizeof(*cq));
+    nvme_init_cq(cq, n, prp1, cqid, vector, qsize + 1,
+        NVME_CQ_FLAGS_IEN(qflags));
+    return NVME_SUCCESS;
+}
+
+static uint16_t nvme_identify(NvmeCtrl *n, NvmeCmd *cmd)
+{
+    NvmeNamespace *ns;
+    NvmeIdentify *c = (NvmeIdentify *)cmd;
+    uint32_t cns  = le32_to_cpu(c->cns);
+    uint32_t nsid = le32_to_cpu(c->nsid);
+    uint64_t prp1 = le64_to_cpu(c->prp1);
+    uint64_t prp2 = le64_to_cpu(c->prp2);
+
+    if (cns) {
+        return nvme_dma_read_prp(n, (uint8_t *)&n->id_ctrl, sizeof(n->id_ctrl),
+            prp1, prp2);
+    }
+    if (nsid == 0 || nsid > n->num_namespaces) {
+        return NVME_INVALID_NSID | NVME_DNR;
+    }
+
+    ns = &n->namespaces[nsid - 1];
+    return nvme_dma_read_prp(n, (uint8_t *)&ns->id_ns, sizeof(ns->id_ns),
+        prp1, prp2);
+}
+
+static uint16_t nvme_get_feature(NvmeCtrl *n, NvmeCmd *cmd, NvmeRequest *req)
+{
+    uint32_t dw10 = le32_to_cpu(cmd->cdw10);
+
+    switch (dw10) {
+    case NVME_NUMBER_OF_QUEUES:
+        req->cqe.result = cpu_to_le32(n->num_queues);
+        break;
+    default:
+        return NVME_INVALID_FIELD | NVME_DNR;
+    }
+    return NVME_SUCCESS;
+}
+
+static uint16_t nvme_set_feature(NvmeCtrl *n, NvmeCmd *cmd, NvmeRequest *req)
+{
+    uint32_t dw10 = le32_to_cpu(cmd->cdw10);
+
+    switch (dw10) {
+    case NVME_NUMBER_OF_QUEUES:
+        req->cqe.result = cpu_to_le32(n->num_queues);
+        break;
+    default:
+        return NVME_INVALID_FIELD | NVME_DNR;
+    }
+    return NVME_SUCCESS;
+}
+
+static uint16_t nvme_admin_cmd(NvmeCtrl *n, NvmeCmd *cmd, NvmeRequest *req)
+{
+    switch (cmd->opcode) {
+    case NVME_ADM_CMD_DELETE_SQ:
+        return nvme_del_sq(n, cmd);
+    case NVME_ADM_CMD_CREATE_SQ:
+        return nvme_create_sq(n, cmd);
+    case NVME_ADM_CMD_DELETE_CQ:
+        return nvme_del_cq(n, cmd);
+    case NVME_ADM_CMD_CREATE_CQ:
+        return nvme_create_cq(n, cmd);
+    case NVME_ADM_CMD_IDENTIFY:
+        return nvme_identify(n, cmd);
+    case NVME_ADM_CMD_SET_FEATURES:
+        return nvme_set_feature(n, cmd, req);
+    case NVME_ADM_CMD_GET_FEATURES:
+        return nvme_get_feature(n, cmd, req);
+    default:
+        return NVME_INVALID_OPCODE | NVME_DNR;
+    }
+}
+
+static void nvme_process_sq(void *opaque)
+{
+    NvmeSQueue *sq = opaque;
+    NvmeCtrl *n = sq->ctrl;
+    NvmeCQueue *cq = n->cq[sq->cqid];
+
+    uint16_t status;
+    hwaddr addr;
+    NvmeCmd cmd;
+    NvmeRequest *req;
+
+    while (!(nvme_sq_empty(sq) || QTAILQ_EMPTY(&sq->req_list))) {
+        addr = sq->dma_addr + sq->head * n->sqe_size;
+        pci_dma_read(&n->parent_obj, addr, (void *)&cmd, sizeof(cmd));
+        nvme_inc_sq_head(sq);
+
+        req = QTAILQ_FIRST(&sq->req_list);
+        QTAILQ_REMOVE(&sq->req_list, req, entry);
+        QTAILQ_INSERT_TAIL(&sq->out_req_list, req, entry);
+        memset(&req->cqe, 0, sizeof(req->cqe));
+        req->cqe.cid = cmd.cid;
+
+        status = sq->sqid ? nvme_io_cmd(n, &cmd, req) :
+            nvme_admin_cmd(n, &cmd, req);
+        if (status != NVME_NO_COMPLETE) {
+            req->status = status;
+            nvme_enqueue_req_completion(cq, req);
+        }
+    }
+}
+
+static void nvme_clear_ctrl(NvmeCtrl *n)
+{
+    int i;
+
+    for (i = 0; i < n->num_queues; i++) {
+        if (n->sq[i] != NULL) {
+            nvme_free_sq(n->sq[i], n);
+        }
+    }
+    for (i = 0; i < n->num_queues; i++) {
+        if (n->cq[i] != NULL) {
+            nvme_free_cq(n->cq[i], n);
+        }
+    }
+
+    bdrv_flush(n->conf.bs);
+    n->bar.cc = 0;
+}
+
+static int nvme_start_ctrl(NvmeCtrl *n)
+{
+    uint32_t page_bits = NVME_CC_MPS(n->bar.cc) + 12;
+    uint32_t page_size = 1 << page_bits;
+
+    if (n->cq[0] || n->sq[0] || !n->bar.asq || !n->bar.acq ||
+            n->bar.asq & (page_size - 1) || n->bar.acq & (page_size - 1) ||
+            NVME_CC_MPS(n->bar.cc) < NVME_CAP_MPSMIN(n->bar.cap) ||
+            NVME_CC_MPS(n->bar.cc) > NVME_CAP_MPSMAX(n->bar.cap) ||
+            NVME_CC_IOCQES(n->bar.cc) < NVME_CTRL_CQES_MIN(n->id_ctrl.cqes) ||
+            NVME_CC_IOCQES(n->bar.cc) > NVME_CTRL_CQES_MAX(n->id_ctrl.cqes) ||
+            NVME_CC_IOSQES(n->bar.cc) < NVME_CTRL_SQES_MIN(n->id_ctrl.sqes) ||
+            NVME_CC_IOSQES(n->bar.cc) > NVME_CTRL_SQES_MAX(n->id_ctrl.sqes) ||
+            !NVME_AQA_ASQS(n->bar.aqa) || NVME_AQA_ASQS(n->bar.aqa) > 4095 ||
+            !NVME_AQA_ACQS(n->bar.aqa) || NVME_AQA_ACQS(n->bar.aqa) > 4095) {
+        return -1;
+    }
+
+    n->page_bits = page_bits;
+    n->page_size = page_size;
+    n->max_prp_ents = n->page_size / sizeof(uint64_t);
+    n->cqe_size = 1 << NVME_CC_IOCQES(n->bar.cc);
+    n->sqe_size = 1 << NVME_CC_IOSQES(n->bar.cc);
+    nvme_init_cq(&n->admin_cq, n, n->bar.acq, 0, 0,
+        NVME_AQA_ACQS(n->bar.aqa) + 1, 1);
+    nvme_init_sq(&n->admin_sq, n, n->bar.asq, 0, 0,
+        NVME_AQA_ASQS(n->bar.aqa) + 1);
+
+    return 0;
+}
+
+static void nvme_write_bar(NvmeCtrl *n, hwaddr offset, uint64_t data,
+    unsigned size)
+{
+    switch (offset) {
+    case 0xc:
+        n->bar.intms |= data & 0xffffffff;
+        n->bar.intmc = n->bar.intms;
+        break;
+    case 0x10:
+        n->bar.intms &= ~(data & 0xffffffff);
+        n->bar.intmc = n->bar.intms;
+        break;
+    case 0x14:
+        if (NVME_CC_EN(data) && !NVME_CC_EN(n->bar.cc)) {
+            n->bar.cc = data;
+            if (nvme_start_ctrl(n)) {
+                n->bar.csts = NVME_CSTS_FAILED;
+            } else {
+                n->bar.csts = NVME_CSTS_READY;
+            }
+        } else if (!NVME_CC_EN(data) && NVME_CC_EN(n->bar.cc)) {
+            nvme_clear_ctrl(n);
+            n->bar.csts &= ~NVME_CSTS_READY;
+        }
+        if (NVME_CC_SHN(data) && !(NVME_CC_SHN(n->bar.cc))) {
+                nvme_clear_ctrl(n);
+                n->bar.cc = data;
+                n->bar.csts |= NVME_CSTS_SHST_COMPLETE;
+        } else if (!NVME_CC_SHN(data) && NVME_CC_SHN(n->bar.cc)) {
+                n->bar.csts &= ~NVME_CSTS_SHST_COMPLETE;
+                n->bar.cc = data;
+        }
+        break;
+    case 0x24:
+        n->bar.aqa = data & 0xffffffff;
+        break;
+    case 0x28:
+        n->bar.asq = data;
+        break;
+    case 0x2c:
+        n->bar.asq |= data << 32;
+        break;
+    case 0x30:
+        n->bar.acq = data;
+        break;
+    case 0x34:
+        n->bar.acq |= data << 32;
+        break;
+    default:
+        break;
+    }
+}
+
+static uint64_t nvme_mmio_read(void *opaque, hwaddr addr, unsigned size)
+{
+    NvmeCtrl *n = (NvmeCtrl *)opaque;
+    uint8_t *ptr = (uint8_t *)&n->bar;
+    uint64_t val = 0;
+
+    if (addr < sizeof(n->bar)) {
+        memcpy(&val, ptr + addr, size);
+    }
+    return val;
+}
+
+static void nvme_process_db(NvmeCtrl *n, hwaddr addr, int val)
+{
+    uint32_t qid;
+
+    if (addr & ((1 << 2) - 1)) {
+        return;
+    }
+
+    if (((addr - 0x1000) >> 2) & 1) {
+        uint16_t new_head = val & 0xffff;
+        int start_sqs;
+        NvmeCQueue *cq;
+
+        qid = (addr - (0x1000 + (1 << 2))) >> 3;
+        if (nvme_check_cqid(n, qid)) {
+            return;
+        }
+
+        cq = n->cq[qid];
+        if (new_head >= cq->size) {
+            return;
+        }
+
+        start_sqs = nvme_cq_full(cq) ? 1 : 0;
+        cq->head = new_head;
+        if (start_sqs) {
+            NvmeSQueue *sq;
+            QTAILQ_FOREACH(sq, &cq->sq_list, entry) {
+                qemu_mod_timer(sq->timer, qemu_get_clock_ns(vm_clock) + 500);
+            }
+            qemu_mod_timer(cq->timer, qemu_get_clock_ns(vm_clock) + 500);
+        }
+
+        if (cq->tail != cq->head) {
+            nvme_isr_notify(n, cq);
+        }
+    } else {
+        uint16_t new_tail = val & 0xffff;
+        NvmeSQueue *sq;
+
+        qid = (addr - 0x1000) >> 3;
+        if (nvme_check_sqid(n, qid)) {
+            return;
+        }
+
+        sq = n->sq[qid];
+        if (new_tail >= sq->size) {
+            return;
+        }
+
+        sq->tail = new_tail;
+        qemu_mod_timer(sq->timer, qemu_get_clock_ns(vm_clock) + 500);
+    }
+}
+
+static void nvme_mmio_write(void *opaque, hwaddr addr, uint64_t data,
+    unsigned size)
+{
+    NvmeCtrl *n = (NvmeCtrl *)opaque;
+    if (addr < sizeof(n->bar)) {
+        nvme_write_bar(n, addr, data, size);
+    } else if (addr >= 0x1000) {
+        nvme_process_db(n, addr, data);
+    }
+}
+
+static const MemoryRegionOps nvme_mmio_ops = {
+    .read = nvme_mmio_read,
+    .write = nvme_mmio_write,
+    .endianness = DEVICE_LITTLE_ENDIAN,
+    .impl = {
+        .min_access_size = 2,
+        .max_access_size = 8,
+    },
+};
+
+static int nvme_init(PCIDevice *pci_dev)
+{
+    NvmeCtrl *n = NVME(pci_dev);
+    NvmeIdCtrl *id = &n->id_ctrl;
+
+    int i;
+    int64_t bs_size;
+    uint8_t *pci_conf;
+
+    if (!(n->conf.bs)) {
+        return -1;
+    }
+
+    bs_size =  bdrv_getlength(n->conf.bs);
+    if (bs_size <= 0) {
+        return -1;
+    }
+
+    blkconf_serial(&n->conf, &n->serial);
+    if (!n->serial) {
+        return -1;
+    }
+
+    pci_conf = pci_dev->config;
+    pci_conf[PCI_INTERRUPT_PIN] = 1;
+    pci_config_set_prog_interface(pci_dev->config, 0x2);
+    pci_config_set_class(pci_dev->config, PCI_CLASS_STORAGE_EXPRESS);
+    pcie_endpoint_cap_init(&n->parent_obj, 0x80);
+
+    n->num_namespaces = 1;
+    n->num_queues = 64;
+    n->reg_size = 1 << qemu_fls(0x1004 + 2 * (n->num_queues + 1) * 4);
+    n->ns_size = bs_size / (uint64_t)n->num_namespaces;
+
+    n->namespaces = g_malloc0(sizeof(*n->namespaces)*n->num_namespaces);
+    n->sq = g_malloc0(sizeof(*n->sq)*n->num_queues);
+    n->cq = g_malloc0(sizeof(*n->cq)*n->num_queues);
+
+    memory_region_init_io(&n->iomem, &nvme_mmio_ops, n, "nvme", n->reg_size);
+    pci_register_bar(&n->parent_obj, 0,
+        PCI_BASE_ADDRESS_SPACE_MEMORY | PCI_BASE_ADDRESS_MEM_TYPE_64,
+        &n->iomem);
+    msix_init_exclusive_bar(&n->parent_obj, n->num_queues, 4);
+
+    id->vid = cpu_to_le16(pci_get_word(pci_conf + PCI_VENDOR_ID));
+    id->ssvid = cpu_to_le16(pci_get_word(pci_conf + PCI_SUBSYSTEM_VENDOR_ID));
+    strpadcpy((char *)id->mn, sizeof(id->mn), "QEMU NVMe Ctrl", ' ');
+    strpadcpy((char *)id->fr, sizeof(id->fr), "1.0", ' ');
+    strpadcpy((char *)id->sn, sizeof(id->sn), n->serial, ' ');
+    id->rab = 6;
+    id->ieee[0] = 0x00;
+    id->ieee[1] = 0x02;
+    id->ieee[2] = 0xb3;
+    id->oacs = cpu_to_le16(0);
+    id->frmw = 7 << 1;
+    id->lpa = 1 << 0;
+    id->sqes = (0x6 << 4) | 0x6;
+    id->cqes = (0x4 << 4) | 0x4;
+    id->nn = cpu_to_le32(n->num_namespaces);
+    id->psd[0].mp = cpu_to_le16(0x9c4);
+    id->psd[0].enlat = cpu_to_le32(0x10);
+    id->psd[0].exlat = cpu_to_le32(0x4);
+
+    n->bar.cap = 0;
+    NVME_CAP_SET_MQES(n->bar.cap, 0x7ff);
+    NVME_CAP_SET_CQR(n->bar.cap, 1);
+    NVME_CAP_SET_AMS(n->bar.cap, 1);
+    NVME_CAP_SET_TO(n->bar.cap, 0xf);
+    NVME_CAP_SET_CSS(n->bar.cap, 1);
+
+    n->bar.vs = 0x00010001;
+    n->bar.intmc = n->bar.intms = 0;
+
+    for (i = 0; i < n->num_namespaces; i++) {
+        NvmeNamespace *ns = &n->namespaces[i];
+        NvmeIdNs *id_ns = &ns->id_ns;
+        id_ns->nsfeat = 0;
+        id_ns->nlbaf = 0;
+        id_ns->flbas = 0;
+        id_ns->mc = 0;
+        id_ns->dpc = 0;
+        id_ns->dps = 0;
+        id_ns->lbaf[0].ds = BDRV_SECTOR_BITS;
+        id_ns->ncap  = id_ns->nuse = id_ns->nsze =
+            cpu_to_le64(n->ns_size >>
+                id_ns->lbaf[NVME_ID_NS_FLBAS_INDEX(ns->id_ns.flbas)].ds);
+    }
+    return 0;
+}
+
+static void nvme_exit(PCIDevice *pci_dev)
+{
+    NvmeCtrl *n = NVME(pci_dev);
+
+    nvme_clear_ctrl(n);
+    g_free(n->namespaces);
+    g_free(n->cq);
+    g_free(n->sq);
+    msix_uninit_exclusive_bar(pci_dev);
+    memory_region_destroy(&n->iomem);
+}
+
+static Property nvme_props[] = {
+    DEFINE_BLOCK_PROPERTIES(NvmeCtrl, conf),
+    DEFINE_PROP_STRING("serial", NvmeCtrl, serial),
+    DEFINE_PROP_END_OF_LIST(),
+};
+
+static const VMStateDescription nvme_vmstate = {
+    .name = "nvme",
+    .unmigratable = 1,
+};
+
+static void nvme_class_init(ObjectClass *oc, void *data)
+{
+    DeviceClass *dc = DEVICE_CLASS(oc);
+    PCIDeviceClass *pc = PCI_DEVICE_CLASS(oc);
+
+    pc->init = nvme_init;
+    pc->exit = nvme_exit;
+    pc->class_id = PCI_CLASS_STORAGE_EXPRESS;
+    pc->vendor_id = PCI_VENDOR_ID_INTEL;
+    pc->device_id = 0x5845;
+    pc->revision = 1;
+    pc->is_express = 1;
+
+    dc->desc = "Non-Volatile Memory Express";
+    dc->props = nvme_props;
+    dc->vmsd = &nvme_vmstate;
+}
+
+static const TypeInfo nvme_info = {
+    .name          = "nvme",
+    .parent        = TYPE_PCI_DEVICE,
+    .instance_size = sizeof(NvmeCtrl),
+    .class_init    = nvme_class_init,
+};
+
+static void nvme_register_types(void)
+{
+    type_register_static(&nvme_info);
+}
+
+type_init(nvme_register_types)
diff --git a/hw/block/nvme.h b/hw/block/nvme.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..bd8fc3e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/hw/block/nvme.h
@@ -0,0 +1,711 @@ 
+#ifndef HW_NVME_H
+#define HW_NVME_H
+
+typedef struct NvmeBar {
+    uint64_t    cap;
+    uint32_t    vs;
+    uint32_t    intms;
+    uint32_t    intmc;
+    uint32_t    cc;
+    uint32_t    rsvd1;
+    uint32_t    csts;
+    uint32_t    nssrc;
+    uint32_t    aqa;
+    uint64_t    asq;
+    uint64_t    acq;
+} NvmeBar;
+
+enum NvmeCapShift {
+    CAP_MQES_SHIFT     = 0,
+    CAP_CQR_SHIFT      = 16,
+    CAP_AMS_SHIFT      = 17,
+    CAP_TO_SHIFT       = 24,
+    CAP_DSTRD_SHIFT    = 32,
+    CAP_NSSRS_SHIFT    = 33,
+    CAP_CSS_SHIFT      = 37,
+    CAP_MPSMIN_SHIFT   = 48,
+    CAP_MPSMAX_SHIFT   = 52,
+};
+
+enum NvmeCapMask {
+    CAP_MQES_MASK      = 0xffff,
+    CAP_CQR_MASK       = 0x1,
+    CAP_AMS_MASK       = 0x3,
+    CAP_TO_MASK        = 0xff,
+    CAP_DSTRD_MASK     = 0xf,
+    CAP_NSSRS_MASK     = 0x1,
+    CAP_CSS_MASK       = 0xff,
+    CAP_MPSMIN_MASK    = 0xf,
+    CAP_MPSMAX_MASK    = 0xf,
+};
+
+#define NVME_CAP_MQES(cap)  (((cap) >> CAP_MQES_SHIFT)   & CAP_MQES_MASK)
+#define NVME_CAP_CQR(cap)   (((cap) >> CAP_CQR_SHIFT)    & CAP_CQR_MASK)
+#define NVME_CAP_AMS(cap)   (((cap) >> CAP_AMS_SHIFT)    & CAP_AMS_MASK)
+#define NVME_CAP_TO(cap)    (((cap) >> CAP_TO_SHIFT)     & CAP_TO_MASK)
+#define NVME_CAP_DSTRD(cap) (((cap) >> CAP_DSTRD_SHIFT)  & CAP_DSTRD_MASK)
+#define NVME_CAP_NSSRS(cap) (((cap) >> CAP_NSSRS_SHIFT)  & CAP_NSSRS_MASK)
+#define NVME_CAP_CSS(cap)   (((cap) >> CAP_CSS_SHIFT)    & CAP_CSS_MASK)
+#define NVME_CAP_MPSMIN(cap)(((cap) >> CAP_MPSMIN_SHIFT) & CAP_MPSMIN_MASK)
+#define NVME_CAP_MPSMAX(cap)(((cap) >> CAP_MPSMAX_SHIFT) & CAP_MPSMAX_MASK)
+
+#define NVME_CAP_SET_MQES(cap, val)   (cap |= (uint64_t)(val & CAP_MQES_MASK)  \
+                                                           << CAP_MQES_SHIFT)
+#define NVME_CAP_SET_CQR(cap, val)    (cap |= (uint64_t)(val & CAP_CQR_MASK)   \
+                                                           << CAP_CQR_SHIFT)
+#define NVME_CAP_SET_AMS(cap, val)    (cap |= (uint64_t)(val & CAP_AMS_MASK)   \
+                                                           << CAP_AMS_SHIFT)
+#define NVME_CAP_SET_TO(cap, val)     (cap |= (uint64_t)(val & CAP_TO_MASK)    \
+                                                           << CAP_TO_SHIFT)
+#define NVME_CAP_SET_DSTRD(cap, val)  (cap |= (uint64_t)(val & CAP_DSTRD_MASK) \
+                                                           << CAP_DSTRD_SHIFT)
+#define NVME_CAP_SET_NSSRS(cap, val)  (cap |= (uint64_t)(val & CAP_NSSRS_MASK) \
+                                                           << CAP_NSSRS_SHIFT)
+#define NVME_CAP_SET_CSS(cap, val)    (cap |= (uint64_t)(val & CAP_CSS_MASK)   \
+                                                           << CAP_CSS_SHIFT)
+#define NVME_CAP_SET_MPSMIN(cap, val) (cap |= (uint64_t)(val & CAP_MPSMIN_MASK)\
+                                                           << CAP_MPSMIN_SHIFT)
+#define NVME_CAP_SET_MPSMAX(cap, val) (cap |= (uint64_t)(val & CAP_MPSMAX_MASK)\
+                                                            << CAP_MPSMAX_SHIFT)
+
+enum NvmeCcShift {
+    CC_EN_SHIFT     = 0,
+    CC_CSS_SHIFT    = 4,
+    CC_MPS_SHIFT    = 7,
+    CC_AMS_SHIFT    = 11,
+    CC_SHN_SHIFT    = 14,
+    CC_IOSQES_SHIFT = 16,
+    CC_IOCQES_SHIFT = 20,
+};
+
+enum NvmeCcMask {
+    CC_EN_MASK      = 0x1,
+    CC_CSS_MASK     = 0x7,
+    CC_MPS_MASK     = 0xf,
+    CC_AMS_MASK     = 0x7,
+    CC_SHN_MASK     = 0x3,
+    CC_IOSQES_MASK  = 0xf,
+    CC_IOCQES_MASK  = 0xf,
+};
+
+#define NVME_CC_EN(cc)     ((cc >> CC_EN_SHIFT)     & CC_EN_MASK)
+#define NVME_CC_CSS(cc)    ((cc >> CC_CSS_SHIFT)    & CC_CSS_MASK)
+#define NVME_CC_MPS(cc)    ((cc >> CC_MPS_SHIFT)    & CC_MPS_MASK)
+#define NVME_CC_AMS(cc)    ((cc >> CC_AMS_SHIFT)    & CC_AMS_MASK)
+#define NVME_CC_SHN(cc)    ((cc >> CC_SHN_SHIFT)    & CC_SHN_MASK)
+#define NVME_CC_IOSQES(cc) ((cc >> CC_IOSQES_SHIFT) & CC_IOSQES_MASK)
+#define NVME_CC_IOCQES(cc) ((cc >> CC_IOCQES_SHIFT) & CC_IOCQES_MASK)
+
+enum NvmeCstsShift {
+    CSTS_RDY_SHIFT      = 0,
+    CSTS_CFS_SHIFT      = 1,
+    CSTS_SHST_SHIFT     = 2,
+    CSTS_NSSRO_SHIFT    = 4,
+};
+
+enum NvmeCstsMask {
+    CSTS_RDY_MASK   = 0x1,
+    CSTS_CFS_MASK   = 0x1,
+    CSTS_SHST_MASK  = 0x3,
+    CSTS_NSSRO_MASK = 0x1,
+};
+
+enum NvmeCsts {
+    NVME_CSTS_READY         = 1 << CSTS_RDY_SHIFT,
+    NVME_CSTS_FAILED        = 1 << CSTS_CFS_SHIFT,
+    NVME_CSTS_SHST_NORMAL   = 0 << CSTS_SHST_SHIFT,
+    NVME_CSTS_SHST_PROGRESS = 1 << CSTS_SHST_SHIFT,
+    NVME_CSTS_SHST_COMPLETE = 2 << CSTS_SHST_SHIFT,
+    NVME_CSTS_NSSRO         = 1 << CSTS_NSSRO_SHIFT,
+};
+
+#define NVME_CSTS_RDY(csts)     ((csts >> CSTS_RDY_SHIFT)   & CSTS_RDY_MASK)
+#define NVME_CSTS_CFS(csts)     ((csts >> CSTS_CFS_SHIFT)   & CSTS_CFS_MASK)
+#define NVME_CSTS_SHST(csts)    ((csts >> CSTS_SHST_SHIFT)  & CSTS_SHST_MASK)
+#define NVME_CSTS_NSSRO(csts)   ((csts >> CSTS_NSSRO_SHIFT) & CSTS_NSSRO_MASK)
+
+enum NvmeAqaShift {
+    AQA_ASQS_SHIFT  = 0,
+    AQA_ACQS_SHIFT  = 16,
+};
+
+enum NvmeAqaMask {
+    AQA_ASQS_MASK   = 0xfff,
+    AQA_ACQS_MASK   = 0xfff,
+};
+
+#define NVME_AQA_ASQS(aqa) ((aqa >> AQA_ASQS_SHIFT) & AQA_ASQS_MASK)
+#define NVME_AQA_ACQS(aqa) ((aqa >> AQA_ACQS_SHIFT) & AQA_ACQS_MASK)
+
+typedef struct NvmeCmd {
+    uint8_t     opcode;
+    uint8_t     fuse;
+    uint16_t    cid;
+    uint32_t    nsid;
+    uint64_t    res1;
+    uint64_t    mptr;
+    uint64_t    prp1;
+    uint64_t    prp2;
+    uint32_t    cdw10;
+    uint32_t    cdw11;
+    uint32_t    cdw12;
+    uint32_t    cdw13;
+    uint32_t    cdw14;
+    uint32_t    cdw15;
+} NvmeCmd;
+
+enum NvmeAdminCommands {
+    NVME_ADM_CMD_DELETE_SQ      = 0x00,
+    NVME_ADM_CMD_CREATE_SQ      = 0x01,
+    NVME_ADM_CMD_GET_LOG_PAGE   = 0x02,
+    NVME_ADM_CMD_DELETE_CQ      = 0x04,
+    NVME_ADM_CMD_CREATE_CQ      = 0x05,
+    NVME_ADM_CMD_IDENTIFY       = 0x06,
+    NVME_ADM_CMD_ABORT          = 0x08,
+    NVME_ADM_CMD_SET_FEATURES   = 0x09,
+    NVME_ADM_CMD_GET_FEATURES   = 0x0a,
+    NVME_ADM_CMD_ASYNC_EV_REQ   = 0x0c,
+    NVME_ADM_CMD_ACTIVATE_FW    = 0x10,
+    NVME_ADM_CMD_DOWNLOAD_FW    = 0x11,
+    NVME_ADM_CMD_FORMAT_NVM     = 0x80,
+    NVME_ADM_CMD_SECURITY_SEND  = 0x81,
+    NVME_ADM_CMD_SECURITY_RECV  = 0x82,
+};
+
+enum NvmeIoCommands {
+    NVME_CMD_FLUSH              = 0x00,
+    NVME_CMD_WRITE              = 0x01,
+    NVME_CMD_READ               = 0x02,
+    NVME_CMD_WRITE_UNCOR        = 0x04,
+    NVME_CMD_COMPARE            = 0x05,
+    NVME_CMD_DSM                = 0x09,
+};
+
+typedef struct NvmeDeleteQ {
+    uint8_t     opcode;
+    uint8_t     flags;
+    uint16_t    cid;
+    uint32_t    rsvd1[9];
+    uint16_t    qid;
+    uint16_t    rsvd10;
+    uint32_t    rsvd11[5];
+} NvmeDeleteQ;
+
+typedef struct NvmeCreateCq {
+    uint8_t     opcode;
+    uint8_t     flags;
+    uint16_t    cid;
+    uint32_t    rsvd1[5];
+    uint64_t    prp1;
+    uint64_t    rsvd8;
+    uint16_t    cqid;
+    uint16_t    qsize;
+    uint16_t    cq_flags;
+    uint16_t    irq_vector;
+    uint32_t    rsvd12[4];
+} NvmeCreateCq;
+
+#define NVME_CQ_FLAGS_PC(cq_flags)  (cq_flags & 0x1)
+#define NVME_CQ_FLAGS_IEN(cq_flags) ((cq_flags >> 1) & 0x1)
+
+typedef struct NvmeCreateSq {
+    uint8_t     opcode;
+    uint8_t     flags;
+    uint16_t    cid;
+    uint32_t    rsvd1[5];
+    uint64_t    prp1;
+    uint64_t    rsvd8;
+    uint16_t    sqid;
+    uint16_t    qsize;
+    uint16_t    sq_flags;
+    uint16_t    cqid;
+    uint32_t    rsvd12[4];
+} NvmeCreateSq;
+
+#define NVME_SQ_FLAGS_PC(sq_flags)      (sq_flags & 0x1)
+#define NVME_SQ_FLAGS_QPRIO(sq_flags)   ((sq_flags >> 1) & 0x3)
+
+enum NvmeQueueFlags {
+    NVME_Q_PC           = 1,
+    NVME_Q_PRIO_URGENT  = 0,
+    NVME_Q_PRIO_HIGH    = 1,
+    NVME_Q_PRIO_NORMAL  = 2,
+    NVME_Q_PRIO_LOW     = 3,
+};
+
+typedef struct NvmeIdentify {
+    uint8_t     opcode;
+    uint8_t     flags;
+    uint16_t    cid;
+    uint32_t    nsid;
+    uint64_t    rsvd2[2];
+    uint64_t    prp1;
+    uint64_t    prp2;
+    uint32_t    cns;
+    uint32_t    rsvd11[5];
+} NvmeIdentify;
+
+typedef struct NvmeRwCmd {
+    uint8_t     opcode;
+    uint8_t     flags;
+    uint16_t    cid;
+    uint32_t    nsid;
+    uint64_t    rsvd2;
+    uint64_t    mptr;
+    uint64_t    prp1;
+    uint64_t    prp2;
+    uint64_t    slba;
+    uint16_t    nlb;
+    uint16_t    control;
+    uint32_t    dsmgmt;
+    uint32_t    reftag;
+    uint16_t    apptag;
+    uint16_t    appmask;
+} NvmeRwCmd;
+
+enum {
+    NVME_RW_LR                  = 1 << 15,
+    NVME_RW_FUA                 = 1 << 14,
+    NVME_RW_DSM_FREQ_UNSPEC     = 0,
+    NVME_RW_DSM_FREQ_TYPICAL    = 1,
+    NVME_RW_DSM_FREQ_RARE       = 2,
+    NVME_RW_DSM_FREQ_READS      = 3,
+    NVME_RW_DSM_FREQ_WRITES     = 4,
+    NVME_RW_DSM_FREQ_RW         = 5,
+    NVME_RW_DSM_FREQ_ONCE       = 6,
+    NVME_RW_DSM_FREQ_PREFETCH   = 7,
+    NVME_RW_DSM_FREQ_TEMP       = 8,
+    NVME_RW_DSM_LATENCY_NONE    = 0 << 4,
+    NVME_RW_DSM_LATENCY_IDLE    = 1 << 4,
+    NVME_RW_DSM_LATENCY_NORM    = 2 << 4,
+    NVME_RW_DSM_LATENCY_LOW     = 3 << 4,
+    NVME_RW_DSM_SEQ_REQ         = 1 << 6,
+    NVME_RW_DSM_COMPRESSED      = 1 << 7,
+    NVME_RW_PRINFO_PRACT        = 1 << 13,
+    NVME_RW_PRINFO_PRCHK_GUARD  = 1 << 12,
+    NVME_RW_PRINFO_PRCHK_APP    = 1 << 11,
+    NVME_RW_PRINFO_PRCHK_REF    = 1 << 10,
+};
+
+typedef struct NvmeDsmCmd {
+    uint8_t     opcode;
+    uint8_t     flags;
+    uint16_t    cid;
+    uint32_t    nsid;
+    uint64_t    rsvd2[2];
+    uint64_t    prp1;
+    uint64_t    prp2;
+    uint32_t    nr;
+    uint32_t    attributes;
+    uint32_t    rsvd12[4];
+} NvmeDsmCmd;
+
+enum {
+    NVME_DSMGMT_IDR = 1 << 0,
+    NVME_DSMGMT_IDW = 1 << 1,
+    NVME_DSMGMT_AD  = 1 << 2,
+};
+
+typedef struct NvmeDsmRange {
+    uint32_t    cattr;
+    uint32_t    nlb;
+    uint64_t    slba;
+} NvmeDsmRange;
+
+enum NvmeAsyncEventRequest {
+    NVME_AER_TYPE_ERROR                     = 0,
+    NVME_AER_TYPE_SMART                     = 1,
+    NVME_AER_TYPE_IO_SPECIFIC               = 6,
+    NVME_AER_TYPE_VENDOR_SPECIFIC           = 7,
+    NVME_AER_INFO_ERR_INVALID_SQ            = 0,
+    NVME_AER_INFO_ERR_INVALID_DB            = 1,
+    NVME_AER_INFO_ERR_DIAG_FAIL             = 2,
+    NVME_AER_INFO_ERR_PERS_INTERNAL_ERR     = 3,
+    NVME_AER_INFO_ERR_TRANS_INTERNAL_ERR    = 4,
+    NVME_AER_INFO_ERR_FW_IMG_LOAD_ERR       = 5,
+    NVME_AER_INFO_SMART_RELIABILITY         = 0,
+    NVME_AER_INFO_SMART_TEMP_THRESH         = 1,
+    NVME_AER_INFO_SMART_SPARE_THRESH        = 2,
+};
+
+typedef struct NvmeAerResult {
+    uint8_t event_type;
+    uint8_t event_info;
+    uint8_t log_page;
+    uint8_t resv;
+} NvmeAerResult;
+
+typedef struct NvmeCqe {
+    uint32_t    result;
+    uint32_t    rsvd;
+    uint16_t    sq_head;
+    uint16_t    sq_id;
+    uint16_t    cid;
+    uint16_t    status;
+} NvmeCqe;
+
+enum NvmeStatusCodes {
+    NVME_SUCCESS                = 0x0000,
+    NVME_INVALID_OPCODE         = 0x0001,
+    NVME_INVALID_FIELD          = 0x0002,
+    NVME_CID_CONFLICT           = 0x0003,
+    NVME_DATA_TRAS_ERROR        = 0x0004,
+    NVME_POWER_LOSS_ABORT       = 0x0005,
+    NVME_INTERNAL_DEV_ERROR     = 0x0006,
+    NVME_CMD_ABORT_REQ          = 0x0007,
+    NVME_CMD_ABORT_SQ_DEL       = 0x0008,
+    NVME_CMD_ABORT_FAILED_FUSE  = 0x0009,
+    NVME_CMD_ABORT_MISSING_FUSE = 0x000a,
+    NVME_INVALID_NSID           = 0x000b,
+    NVME_CMD_SEQ_ERROR          = 0x000c,
+    NVME_LBA_RANGE              = 0x0080,
+    NVME_CAP_EXCEEDED           = 0x0081,
+    NVME_NS_NOT_READY           = 0x0082,
+    NVME_NS_RESV_CONFLICT       = 0x0083,
+    NVME_INVALID_CQID           = 0x0100,
+    NVME_INVALID_QID            = 0x0101,
+    NVME_MAX_QSIZE_EXCEEDED     = 0x0102,
+    NVME_ACL_EXCEEDED           = 0x0103,
+    NVME_RESERVED               = 0x0104,
+    NVME_AER_LIMIT_EXCEEDED     = 0x0105,
+    NVME_INVALID_FW_SLOT        = 0x0106,
+    NVME_INVALID_FW_IMAGE       = 0x0107,
+    NVME_INVALID_IRQ_VECTOR     = 0x0108,
+    NVME_INVALID_LOG_ID         = 0x0109,
+    NVME_INVALID_FORMAT         = 0x010a,
+    NVME_FW_REQ_RESET           = 0x010b,
+    NVME_INVALID_QUEUE_DEL      = 0x010c,
+    NVME_FID_NOT_SAVEABLE       = 0x010d,
+    NVME_FID_NOT_NSID_SPEC      = 0x010f,
+    NVME_FW_REQ_SUSYSTEM_RESET  = 0x0110,
+    NVME_CONFLICTING_ATTRS      = 0x0180,
+    NVME_INVALID_PROT_INFO      = 0x0181,
+    NVME_WRITE_TO_RO            = 0x0182,
+    NVME_WRITE_FAULT            = 0x0280,
+    NVME_UNRECOVERED_READ       = 0x0281,
+    NVME_E2E_GUARD_ERROR        = 0x0282,
+    NVME_E2E_APP_ERROR          = 0x0283,
+    NVME_E2E_REF_ERROR          = 0x0284,
+    NVME_CMP_FAILURE            = 0x0285,
+    NVME_ACCESS_DENIED          = 0x0286,
+    NVME_MORE                   = 0x2000,
+    NVME_DNR                    = 0x4000,
+    NVME_NO_COMPLETE            = 0xffff,
+};
+
+typedef struct NvmeFwSlotInfoLog {
+    uint8_t     afi;
+    uint8_t     reserved1[7];
+    uint8_t     frs1[8];
+    uint8_t     frs2[8];
+    uint8_t     frs3[8];
+    uint8_t     frs4[8];
+    uint8_t     frs5[8];
+    uint8_t     frs6[8];
+    uint8_t     frs7[8];
+    uint8_t     reserved2[448];
+} NvmeFwSlotInfoLog;
+
+typedef struct NvmeErrorLog {
+    uint64_t    error_count;
+    uint16_t    sqid;
+    uint16_t    cid;
+    uint16_t    status_field;
+    uint16_t    param_error_location;
+    uint64_t    lba;
+    uint32_t    nsid;
+    uint8_t     vs;
+    uint8_t     resv[35];
+} NvmeErrorLog;
+
+typedef struct NvmeSmartLog {
+    uint8_t     critical_warning;
+    uint8_t     temperature[2];
+    uint8_t     available_spare;
+    uint8_t     available_spare_threshold;
+    uint8_t     percentage_used;
+    uint8_t     reserved1[26];
+    uint64_t    data_units_read[2];
+    uint64_t    data_units_written[2];
+    uint64_t    host_read_commands[2];
+    uint64_t    host_write_commands[2];
+    uint64_t    controller_busy_time[2];
+    uint64_t    power_cycles[2];
+    uint64_t    power_on_hours[2];
+    uint64_t    unsafe_shutdowns[2];
+    uint64_t    media_errors[2];
+    uint64_t    number_of_error_log_entries[2];
+    uint8_t     reserved2[320];
+} NvmeSmartLog;
+
+enum NvmeSmartWarn {
+    NVME_SMART_SPARE                  = 1 << 0,
+    NVME_SMART_TEMPERATURE            = 1 << 1,
+    NVME_SMART_RELIABILITY            = 1 << 2,
+    NVME_SMART_MEDIA_READ_ONLY        = 1 << 3,
+    NVME_SMART_FAILED_VOLATILE_MEDIA  = 1 << 4,
+};
+
+enum LogIdentifier {
+    NVME_LOG_ERROR_INFO     = 0x01,
+    NVME_LOG_SMART_INFO     = 0x02,
+    NVME_LOG_FW_SLOT_INFO   = 0x03,
+};
+
+typedef struct NvmePSD {
+    uint16_t    mp;
+    uint16_t    reserved;
+    uint32_t    enlat;
+    uint32_t    exlat;
+    uint8_t     rrt;
+    uint8_t     rrl;
+    uint8_t     rwt;
+    uint8_t     rwl;
+    uint8_t     resv[16];
+} NvmePSD;
+
+typedef struct NvmeIdCtrl {
+    uint16_t    vid;
+    uint16_t    ssvid;
+    uint8_t     sn[20];
+    uint8_t     mn[40];
+    uint8_t     fr[8];
+    uint8_t     rab;
+    uint8_t     ieee[3];
+    uint8_t     cmic;
+    uint8_t     mdts;
+    uint8_t     rsvd255[178];
+    uint16_t    oacs;
+    uint8_t     acl;
+    uint8_t     aerl;
+    uint8_t     frmw;
+    uint8_t     lpa;
+    uint8_t     elpe;
+    uint8_t     npss;
+    uint8_t     rsvd511[248];
+    uint8_t     sqes;
+    uint8_t     cqes;
+    uint16_t    rsvd515;
+    uint32_t    nn;
+    uint16_t    oncs;
+    uint16_t    fuses;
+    uint8_t     fna;
+    uint8_t     vwc;
+    uint16_t    awun;
+    uint16_t    awupf;
+    uint8_t     rsvd703[174];
+    uint8_t     rsvd2047[1344];
+    NvmePSD     psd[32];
+    uint8_t     vs[1024];
+} NvmeIdCtrl;
+
+enum NvmeIdCtrlOacs {
+    NVME_OACS_SECURITY  = 1 << 0,
+    NVME_OACS_FORMAT    = 1 << 1,
+    NVME_OACS_FW        = 1 << 2,
+};
+
+enum NvmeIdCtrlOncs {
+    NVME_ONCS_COMPARE       = 1 << 0,
+    NVME_ONCS_WRITE_UNCORR  = 1 << 1,
+    NVME_ONCS_DSM           = 1 << 2,
+    NVME_ONCS_WRITE_ZEROS   = 1 << 3,
+    NVME_ONCS_FEATURES      = 1 << 4,
+    NVME_ONCS_RESRVATIONS   = 1 << 5,
+};
+
+#define NVME_CTRL_SQES_MIN(sqes) ((sqes) & 0xf)
+#define NVME_CTRL_SQES_MAX(sqes) (((sqes) >> 4) & 0xf)
+#define NVME_CTRL_CQES_MIN(cqes) ((cqes) & 0xf)
+#define NVME_CTRL_CQES_MAX(cqes) (((cqes) >> 4) & 0xf)
+
+typedef struct NvmeFeatureVal {
+    uint32_t    arbitration;
+    uint32_t    power_mgmt;
+    uint32_t    temp_thresh;
+    uint32_t    err_rec;
+    uint32_t    volatile_wc;
+    uint32_t    num_queues;
+    uint32_t    int_coalescing;
+    uint32_t    *int_vector_config;
+    uint32_t    write_atomicity;
+    uint32_t    async_config;
+    uint32_t    sw_prog_marker;
+} NvmeFeatureVal;
+
+#define NVME_ARB_AB(arb)    (arb & 0x7)
+#define NVME_ARB_LPW(arb)   ((arb >> 8) & 0xff)
+#define NVME_ARB_MPW(arb)   ((arb >> 16) & 0xff)
+#define NVME_ARB_HPW(arb)   ((arb >> 24) & 0xff)
+
+#define NVME_INTC_THR(intc)     (intc & 0xff)
+#define NVME_INTC_TIME(intc)    ((intc >> 8) & 0xff)
+
+enum NvmeFeatureIds {
+    NVME_ARBITRATION                = 0x1,
+    NVME_POWER_MANAGEMENT           = 0x2,
+    NVME_LBA_RANGE_TYPE             = 0x3,
+    NVME_TEMPERATURE_THRESHOLD      = 0x4,
+    NVME_ERROR_RECOVERY             = 0x5,
+    NVME_VOLATILE_WRITE_CACHE       = 0x6,
+    NVME_NUMBER_OF_QUEUES           = 0x7,
+    NVME_INTERRUPT_COALESCING       = 0x8,
+    NVME_INTERRUPT_VECTOR_CONF      = 0x9,
+    NVME_WRITE_ATOMICITY            = 0xa,
+    NVME_ASYNCHRONOUS_EVENT_CONF    = 0xb,
+    NVME_SOFTWARE_PROGRESS_MARKER   = 0x80
+};
+
+typedef struct NvmeRangeType {
+    uint8_t     type;
+    uint8_t     attributes;
+    uint8_t     rsvd2[14];
+    uint64_t    slba;
+    uint64_t    nlb;
+    uint8_t     guid[16];
+    uint8_t     rsvd48[16];
+} NvmeRangeType;
+
+typedef struct NvmeLBAF {
+    uint16_t    ms;
+    uint8_t     ds;
+    uint8_t     rp;
+} NvmeLBAF;
+
+typedef struct NvmeIdNs {
+    uint64_t    nsze;
+    uint64_t    ncap;
+    uint64_t    nuse;
+    uint8_t     nsfeat;
+    uint8_t     nlbaf;
+    uint8_t     flbas;
+    uint8_t     mc;
+    uint8_t     dpc;
+    uint8_t     dps;
+    uint8_t     res30[98];
+    NvmeLBAF    lbaf[16];
+    uint8_t     res192[192];
+    uint8_t     vs[3712];
+} NvmeIdNs;
+
+#define NVME_ID_NS_NSFEAT_THIN(nsfeat)      ((nsfeat & 0x1))
+#define NVME_ID_NS_FLBAS_EXTENDED(flbas)    ((flbas >> 4) & 0x1)
+#define NVME_ID_NS_FLBAS_INDEX(flbas)       ((flbas & 0xf))
+#define NVME_ID_NS_MC_SEPARATE(mc)          ((mc >> 1) & 0x1)
+#define NVME_ID_NS_MC_EXTENDED(mc)          ((mc & 0x1))
+#define NVME_ID_NS_DPC_LAST_EIGHT(dpc)      ((dpc >> 4) & 0x1)
+#define NVME_ID_NS_DPC_FIRST_EIGHT(dpc)     ((dpc >> 3) & 0x1)
+#define NVME_ID_NS_DPC_TYPE_3(dpc)          ((dpc >> 2) & 0x1)
+#define NVME_ID_NS_DPC_TYPE_2(dpc)          ((dpc >> 1) & 0x1)
+#define NVME_ID_NS_DPC_TYPE_1(dpc)          ((dpc & 0x1))
+#define NVME_ID_NS_DPC_TYPE_MASK            0x7
+
+enum NvmeIdNsDps {
+    DPS_TYPE_NONE   = 0,
+    DPS_TYPE_1      = 1,
+    DPS_TYPE_2      = 2,
+    DPS_TYPE_3      = 3,
+    DPS_TYPE_MASK   = 0x7,
+    DPS_FIRST_EIGHT = 8,
+};
+
+static inline void _nvme_check_size(void)
+{
+    QEMU_BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(NvmeAerResult) != 4);
+    QEMU_BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(NvmeCqe) != 16);
+    QEMU_BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(NvmeDsmRange) != 16);
+    QEMU_BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(NvmeCmd) != 64);
+    QEMU_BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(NvmeDeleteQ) != 64);
+    QEMU_BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(NvmeCreateCq) != 64);
+    QEMU_BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(NvmeCreateSq) != 64);
+    QEMU_BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(NvmeIdentify) != 64);
+    QEMU_BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(NvmeRwCmd) != 64);
+    QEMU_BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(NvmeDsmCmd) != 64);
+    QEMU_BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(NvmeRangeType) != 64);
+    QEMU_BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(NvmeErrorLog) != 64);
+    QEMU_BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(NvmeFwSlotInfoLog) != 512);
+    QEMU_BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(NvmeSmartLog) != 512);
+    QEMU_BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(NvmeIdCtrl) != 4096);
+    QEMU_BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(NvmeIdNs) != 4096);
+}
+
+typedef struct NvmeAsyncEvent {
+    QSIMPLEQ_ENTRY(NvmeAsyncEvent) entry;
+    NvmeAerResult result;
+} NvmeAsyncEvent;
+
+typedef struct NvmeRequest {
+    struct NvmeSQueue       *sq;
+    BlockDriverAIOCB        *aiocb;
+    uint16_t                status;
+    NvmeCqe                 cqe;
+    BlockAcctCookie         acct;
+    QEMUSGList              qsg;
+    QTAILQ_ENTRY(NvmeRequest)entry;
+} NvmeRequest;
+
+typedef struct NvmeSQueue {
+    struct NvmeCtrl *ctrl;
+    uint16_t    sqid;
+    uint16_t    cqid;
+    uint32_t    head;
+    uint32_t    tail;
+    uint32_t    size;
+    uint64_t    dma_addr;
+    QEMUTimer   *timer;
+    NvmeRequest *io_req;
+    QTAILQ_HEAD(sq_req_list, NvmeRequest) req_list;
+    QTAILQ_HEAD(out_req_list, NvmeRequest) out_req_list;
+    QTAILQ_ENTRY(NvmeSQueue) entry;
+} NvmeSQueue;
+
+typedef struct NvmeCQueue {
+    struct NvmeCtrl *ctrl;
+    uint8_t     phase;
+    uint16_t    cqid;
+    uint16_t    irq_enabled;
+    uint32_t    head;
+    uint32_t    tail;
+    uint32_t    vector;
+    uint32_t    size;
+    uint64_t    dma_addr;
+    QEMUTimer   *timer;
+    QTAILQ_HEAD(sq_list, NvmeSQueue) sq_list;
+    QTAILQ_HEAD(cq_req_list, NvmeRequest) req_list;
+} NvmeCQueue;
+
+typedef struct NvmeNamespace {
+    NvmeIdNs        id_ns;
+} NvmeNamespace;
+
+#define TYPE_NVME "nvme"
+#define NVME(obj) \
+        OBJECT_CHECK(NvmeCtrl, (obj), TYPE_NVME)
+
+typedef struct NvmeCtrl {
+    PCIDevice    parent_obj;
+    MemoryRegion iomem;
+    NvmeBar      bar;
+    BlockConf    conf;
+
+    uint16_t    page_size;
+    uint16_t    page_bits;
+    uint16_t    max_prp_ents;
+    uint16_t    cqe_size;
+    uint16_t    sqe_size;
+    uint32_t    reg_size;
+    uint32_t    num_namespaces;
+    uint32_t    num_queues;
+    uint32_t    max_q_ents;
+    uint64_t    ns_size;
+
+    char            *serial;
+    NvmeNamespace   *namespaces;
+    NvmeSQueue      **sq;
+    NvmeCQueue      **cq;
+    NvmeSQueue      admin_sq;
+    NvmeCQueue      admin_cq;
+    NvmeIdCtrl      id_ctrl;
+} NvmeCtrl;
+
+#endif /* HW_NVME_H */
diff --git a/include/hw/pci/pci_ids.h b/include/hw/pci/pci_ids.h
index d8dc2f1..08f8161 100644
--- a/include/hw/pci/pci_ids.h
+++ b/include/hw/pci/pci_ids.h
@@ -19,6 +19,7 @@ 
 #define PCI_CLASS_STORAGE_IDE            0x0101
 #define PCI_CLASS_STORAGE_RAID           0x0104
 #define PCI_CLASS_STORAGE_SATA           0x0106
+#define PCI_CLASS_STORAGE_EXPRESS        0x0108
 #define PCI_CLASS_STORAGE_OTHER          0x0180
 
 #define PCI_CLASS_NETWORK_ETHERNET       0x0200