Patchwork [RFC,v6,3/3] Force auto-convegence of live migration

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Submitter Chegu Vinod
Date June 14, 2013, 1:58 p.m.
Message ID <1371218337-51891-4-git-send-email-chegu_vinod@hp.com>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/251436/
State New
Headers show

Comments

Chegu Vinod - June 14, 2013, 1:58 p.m.
If a user chooses to turn on the auto-converge migration capability
these changes detect the lack of convergence and throttle down the
guest. i.e. force the VCPUs out of the guest for some duration
and let the migration thread catchup and help converge.

Verified the convergence using the following :
 - Java Warehouse workload running on a 20VCPU/256G guest(~80% busy)
 - OLTP like workload running on a 80VCPU/512G guest (~80% busy)

Sample results with Java warehouse workload : (migrate speed set to 20Gb and
migrate downtime set to 4seconds).

 (qemu) info migrate
 capabilities: xbzrle: off auto-converge: off  <----
 Migration status: active
 total time: 1487503 milliseconds
 expected downtime: 519 milliseconds
 transferred ram: 383749347 kbytes
 remaining ram: 2753372 kbytes
 total ram: 268444224 kbytes
 duplicate: 65461532 pages
 skipped: 64901568 pages
 normal: 95750218 pages
 normal bytes: 383000872 kbytes
 dirty pages rate: 67551 pages

 ---

 (qemu) info migrate
 capabilities: xbzrle: off auto-converge: on   <----
 Migration status: completed
 total time: 241161 milliseconds
 downtime: 6373 milliseconds
 transferred ram: 28235307 kbytes
 remaining ram: 0 kbytes
 total ram: 268444224 kbytes
 duplicate: 64946416 pages
 skipped: 64903523 pages
 normal: 7044971 pages
 normal bytes: 28179884 kbytes

Signed-off-by: Chegu Vinod <chegu_vinod@hp.com>
---
 arch_init.c |   85 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 1 files changed, 85 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)

+    }
+}
Paolo Bonzini - June 20, 2013, 12:54 p.m.
Il 14/06/2013 15:58, Chegu Vinod ha scritto:
> If a user chooses to turn on the auto-converge migration capability
> these changes detect the lack of convergence and throttle down the
> guest. i.e. force the VCPUs out of the guest for some duration
> and let the migration thread catchup and help converge.

Hi Vinod,

pretty much the same comments I sent you yesterday on the obsolete
version of the patch still apply.

> Verified the convergence using the following :
>  - Java Warehouse workload running on a 20VCPU/256G guest(~80% busy)
>  - OLTP like workload running on a 80VCPU/512G guest (~80% busy)
> 
> Sample results with Java warehouse workload : (migrate speed set to 20Gb and
> migrate downtime set to 4seconds).
> 
>  (qemu) info migrate
>  capabilities: xbzrle: off auto-converge: off  <----
>  Migration status: active
>  total time: 1487503 milliseconds
>  expected downtime: 519 milliseconds
>  transferred ram: 383749347 kbytes
>  remaining ram: 2753372 kbytes
>  total ram: 268444224 kbytes
>  duplicate: 65461532 pages
>  skipped: 64901568 pages
>  normal: 95750218 pages
>  normal bytes: 383000872 kbytes
>  dirty pages rate: 67551 pages
> 
>  ---
> 
>  (qemu) info migrate
>  capabilities: xbzrle: off auto-converge: on   <----
>  Migration status: completed
>  total time: 241161 milliseconds
>  downtime: 6373 milliseconds
>  transferred ram: 28235307 kbytes
>  remaining ram: 0 kbytes
>  total ram: 268444224 kbytes
>  duplicate: 64946416 pages
>  skipped: 64903523 pages
>  normal: 7044971 pages
>  normal bytes: 28179884 kbytes
> 
> Signed-off-by: Chegu Vinod <chegu_vinod@hp.com>
> ---
>  arch_init.c |   85 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  1 files changed, 85 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/arch_init.c b/arch_init.c
> index 5d32ecf..69c6c8c 100644
> --- a/arch_init.c
> +++ b/arch_init.c
> @@ -104,6 +104,8 @@ int graphic_depth = 15;
>  #endif
>  
>  const uint32_t arch_type = QEMU_ARCH;
> +static bool mig_throttle_on;
> +static void throttle_down_guest_to_converge(void);
>  
>  /***********************************************************/
>  /* ram save/restore */
> @@ -378,8 +380,15 @@ static void migration_bitmap_sync(void)
>      uint64_t num_dirty_pages_init = migration_dirty_pages;
>      MigrationState *s = migrate_get_current();
>      static int64_t start_time;
> +    static int64_t bytes_xfer_prev;
>      static int64_t num_dirty_pages_period;
>      int64_t end_time;
> +    int64_t bytes_xfer_now;
> +    static int dirty_rate_high_cnt;
> +
> +    if (!bytes_xfer_prev) {
> +        bytes_xfer_prev = ram_bytes_transferred();
> +    }
>  
>      if (!start_time) {
>          start_time = qemu_get_clock_ms(rt_clock);
> @@ -404,6 +413,23 @@ static void migration_bitmap_sync(void)
>  
>      /* more than 1 second = 1000 millisecons */
>      if (end_time > start_time + 1000) {
> +        if (migrate_auto_converge()) {
> +            /* The following detection logic can be refined later. For now:
> +               Check to see if the dirtied bytes is 50% more than the approx.
> +               amount of bytes that just got transferred since the last time we
> +               were in this routine. If that happens >N times (for now N==4)
> +               we turn on the throttle down logic */
> +            bytes_xfer_now = ram_bytes_transferred();
> +            if (s->dirty_pages_rate &&
> +                ((num_dirty_pages_period*TARGET_PAGE_SIZE) >
> +                ((bytes_xfer_now - bytes_xfer_prev)/2))) {
> +                if (dirty_rate_high_cnt++ > 4) {

Too many parentheses, and please remove the nested if.

> +                    DPRINTF("Unable to converge. Throtting down guest\n");

Please use tracepoint instead.

> +                    mig_throttle_on = true;

Need to reset dirty_rate_high_cnt here, and both
dirty_rate_high_cnt/mig_throttle_on if you see !migrate_auto_converge().
 This ensures that throttling does not kick in automatically if you
disable and re-enable the feature.  It also lets you remove a bunch of
migrate_auto_converge() checks.

You also need to reset dirty_rate_high_cnt/mig_throttle_on in the setup
phase of migration.

> +                }
> +             }
> +             bytes_xfer_prev = bytes_xfer_now;
> +        }
>          s->dirty_pages_rate = num_dirty_pages_period * 1000
>              / (end_time - start_time);
>          s->dirty_bytes_rate = s->dirty_pages_rate * TARGET_PAGE_SIZE;
> @@ -628,6 +654,7 @@ static int ram_save_iterate(QEMUFile *f, void *opaque)
>          }
>          total_sent += bytes_sent;
>          acct_info.iterations++;
> +        throttle_down_guest_to_converge();

You can use a shorter name, like check_cpu_throttling().

>          /* we want to check in the 1st loop, just in case it was the 1st time
>             and we had to sync the dirty bitmap.
>             qemu_get_clock_ns() is a bit expensive, so we only check each some
> @@ -1098,3 +1125,61 @@ TargetInfo *qmp_query_target(Error **errp)
>  
>      return info;
>  }
> +
> +static bool throttling_needed(void)
> +{
> +    if (!migrate_auto_converge()) {
> +        return false;
> +    }
> +    return mig_throttle_on;
> +}
> +
> +/* Stub function that's gets run on the vcpu when its brought out of the
> +   VM to run inside qemu via async_run_on_cpu()*/
> +static void mig_sleep_cpu(void *opq)
> +{
> +    qemu_mutex_unlock_iothread();
> +    g_usleep(30*1000);
> +    qemu_mutex_lock_iothread();

Letting the user specify the entity of the pause would be nice, so that
management can ramp it up.  It can be done as a follow-up by adding a
'*value': 'int' field to MigrationCapabilityStatus (between 0 and 100,
default 30 as above).

Paolo

> +}
> +
> +/* To reduce the dirty rate explicitly disallow the VCPUs from spending
> +   much time in the VM. The migration thread will try to catchup.
> +   Workload will experience a performance drop.
> +*/
> +static void mig_throttle_cpu_down(CPUState *cpu, void *data)
> +{
> +    async_run_on_cpu(cpu, mig_sleep_cpu, NULL);
> +}
> +
> +static void mig_throttle_guest_down(void)
> +{
> +    if (throttling_needed()) {

No need for this "if", it is done already in the caller.

> +        qemu_mutex_lock_iothread();
> +        qemu_for_each_cpu(mig_throttle_cpu_down, NULL);
> +        qemu_mutex_unlock_iothread();
> +    }
> +}
> +
> +static void throttle_down_guest_to_converge(void)
> +{
> +    static int64_t t0;
> +    int64_t        t1;
> +
> +    if (!throttling_needed()) {

With the above suggested changes, this can simply check mig_throttle_on.

> +        return;
> +    }
> +
> +    if (!t0)  {
> +        t0 = qemu_get_clock_ns(rt_clock);
> +        return;
> +    }
> +
> +    t1 = qemu_get_clock_ns(rt_clock);
> +
> +    /* If it has been more than 40 ms since the last time the guest
> +     * was throtled then do it again.
> +     */

throttled

> +    if (((t1-t0)/1000000) > 40) {

I prefer moving the multiplication to the right so you don't need
parentheses, but this is _really_ a nit...

Paolo

> +        mig_throttle_guest_down();
> +        t0 = t1;
> +    }
> +}
>
Chegu Vinod - June 24, 2013, 2:08 a.m.
On 6/20/2013 5:54 AM, Paolo Bonzini wrote:
> Il 14/06/2013 15:58, Chegu Vinod ha scritto:
>> If a user chooses to turn on the auto-converge migration capability
>> these changes detect the lack of convergence and throttle down the
>> guest. i.e. force the VCPUs out of the guest for some duration
>> and let the migration thread catchup and help converge.
> Hi Vinod,
>
> pretty much the same comments I sent you yesterday on the obsolete
> version of the patch still apply.
>
>> Verified the convergence using the following :
>>   - Java Warehouse workload running on a 20VCPU/256G guest(~80% busy)
>>   - OLTP like workload running on a 80VCPU/512G guest (~80% busy)
>>
>> Sample results with Java warehouse workload : (migrate speed set to 20Gb and
>> migrate downtime set to 4seconds).
>>
>>   (qemu) info migrate
>>   capabilities: xbzrle: off auto-converge: off  <----
>>   Migration status: active
>>   total time: 1487503 milliseconds
>>   expected downtime: 519 milliseconds
>>   transferred ram: 383749347 kbytes
>>   remaining ram: 2753372 kbytes
>>   total ram: 268444224 kbytes
>>   duplicate: 65461532 pages
>>   skipped: 64901568 pages
>>   normal: 95750218 pages
>>   normal bytes: 383000872 kbytes
>>   dirty pages rate: 67551 pages
>>
>>   ---
>>
>>   (qemu) info migrate
>>   capabilities: xbzrle: off auto-converge: on   <----
>>   Migration status: completed
>>   total time: 241161 milliseconds
>>   downtime: 6373 milliseconds
>>   transferred ram: 28235307 kbytes
>>   remaining ram: 0 kbytes
>>   total ram: 268444224 kbytes
>>   duplicate: 64946416 pages
>>   skipped: 64903523 pages
>>   normal: 7044971 pages
>>   normal bytes: 28179884 kbytes
>>
>> Signed-off-by: Chegu Vinod <chegu_vinod@hp.com>
>> ---
>>   arch_init.c |   85 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>>   1 files changed, 85 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
>>
>> diff --git a/arch_init.c b/arch_init.c
>> index 5d32ecf..69c6c8c 100644
>> --- a/arch_init.c
>> +++ b/arch_init.c
>> @@ -104,6 +104,8 @@ int graphic_depth = 15;
>>   #endif
>>   
>>   const uint32_t arch_type = QEMU_ARCH;
>> +static bool mig_throttle_on;
>> +static void throttle_down_guest_to_converge(void);
>>   
>>   /***********************************************************/
>>   /* ram save/restore */
>> @@ -378,8 +380,15 @@ static void migration_bitmap_sync(void)
>>       uint64_t num_dirty_pages_init = migration_dirty_pages;
>>       MigrationState *s = migrate_get_current();
>>       static int64_t start_time;
>> +    static int64_t bytes_xfer_prev;
>>       static int64_t num_dirty_pages_period;
>>       int64_t end_time;
>> +    int64_t bytes_xfer_now;
>> +    static int dirty_rate_high_cnt;
>> +
>> +    if (!bytes_xfer_prev) {
>> +        bytes_xfer_prev = ram_bytes_transferred();
>> +    }
>>   
>>       if (!start_time) {
>>           start_time = qemu_get_clock_ms(rt_clock);
>> @@ -404,6 +413,23 @@ static void migration_bitmap_sync(void)
>>   
>>       /* more than 1 second = 1000 millisecons */
>>       if (end_time > start_time + 1000) {
>> +        if (migrate_auto_converge()) {
>> +            /* The following detection logic can be refined later. For now:
>> +               Check to see if the dirtied bytes is 50% more than the approx.
>> +               amount of bytes that just got transferred since the last time we
>> +               were in this routine. If that happens >N times (for now N==4)
>> +               we turn on the throttle down logic */
>> +            bytes_xfer_now = ram_bytes_transferred();
>> +            if (s->dirty_pages_rate &&
>> +                ((num_dirty_pages_period*TARGET_PAGE_SIZE) >
>> +                ((bytes_xfer_now - bytes_xfer_prev)/2))) {
>> +                if (dirty_rate_high_cnt++ > 4) {
> Too many parentheses, and please remove the nested if.
>
>> +                    DPRINTF("Unable to converge. Throtting down guest\n");
> Please use tracepoint instead.
>
>> +                    mig_throttle_on = true;
> Need to reset dirty_rate_high_cnt here, and both
> dirty_rate_high_cnt/mig_throttle_on if you see !migrate_auto_converge().
>   This ensures that throttling does not kick in automatically if you
> disable and re-enable the feature.  It also lets you remove a bunch of
> migrate_auto_converge() checks.
>
> You also need to reset dirty_rate_high_cnt/mig_throttle_on in the setup
> phase of migration.
>
>> +                }
>> +             }
>> +             bytes_xfer_prev = bytes_xfer_now;
>> +        }
>>           s->dirty_pages_rate = num_dirty_pages_period * 1000
>>               / (end_time - start_time);
>>           s->dirty_bytes_rate = s->dirty_pages_rate * TARGET_PAGE_SIZE;
>> @@ -628,6 +654,7 @@ static int ram_save_iterate(QEMUFile *f, void *opaque)
>>           }
>>           total_sent += bytes_sent;
>>           acct_info.iterations++;
>> +        throttle_down_guest_to_converge();
> You can use a shorter name, like check_cpu_throttling().
>
>>           /* we want to check in the 1st loop, just in case it was the 1st time
>>              and we had to sync the dirty bitmap.
>>              qemu_get_clock_ns() is a bit expensive, so we only check each some
>> @@ -1098,3 +1125,61 @@ TargetInfo *qmp_query_target(Error **errp)
>>   
>>       return info;
>>   }
>> +
>> +static bool throttling_needed(void)
>> +{
>> +    if (!migrate_auto_converge()) {
>> +        return false;
>> +    }
>> +    return mig_throttle_on;
>> +}
>> +
>> +/* Stub function that's gets run on the vcpu when its brought out of the
>> +   VM to run inside qemu via async_run_on_cpu()*/
>> +static void mig_sleep_cpu(void *opq)
>> +{
>> +    qemu_mutex_unlock_iothread();
>> +    g_usleep(30*1000);
>> +    qemu_mutex_lock_iothread();
> Letting the user specify the entity of the pause would be nice, so that
> management can ramp it up.  It can be done as a follow-up by adding a
> '*value': 'int' field to MigrationCapabilityStatus (between 0 and 100,
> default 30 as above).

Thanks Paolo.  With the exception of the above which can be pursued as a 
follow-up... I have incorporated all your suggested changes and 
re-tested and sending out a v7 series (without RFC).

Thanks!
Vinod


> Paolo
>
>> +}
>> +
>> +/* To reduce the dirty rate explicitly disallow the VCPUs from spending
>> +   much time in the VM. The migration thread will try to catchup.
>> +   Workload will experience a performance drop.
>> +*/
>> +static void mig_throttle_cpu_down(CPUState *cpu, void *data)
>> +{
>> +    async_run_on_cpu(cpu, mig_sleep_cpu, NULL);
>> +}
>> +
>> +static void mig_throttle_guest_down(void)
>> +{
>> +    if (throttling_needed()) {
> No need for this "if", it is done already in the caller.
>
>> +        qemu_mutex_lock_iothread();
>> +        qemu_for_each_cpu(mig_throttle_cpu_down, NULL);
>> +        qemu_mutex_unlock_iothread();
>> +    }
>> +}
>> +
>> +static void throttle_down_guest_to_converge(void)
>> +{
>> +    static int64_t t0;
>> +    int64_t        t1;
>> +
>> +    if (!throttling_needed()) {
> With the above suggested changes, this can simply check mig_throttle_on.
>
>> +        return;
>> +    }
>> +
>> +    if (!t0)  {
>> +        t0 = qemu_get_clock_ns(rt_clock);
>> +        return;
>> +    }
>> +
>> +    t1 = qemu_get_clock_ns(rt_clock);
>> +
>> +    /* If it has been more than 40 ms since the last time the guest
>> +     * was throtled then do it again.
>> +     */
> throttled
>
>> +    if (((t1-t0)/1000000) > 40) {
> I prefer moving the multiplication to the right so you don't need
> parentheses, but this is _really_ a nit...
>
> Paolo
>
>> +        mig_throttle_guest_down();
>> +        t0 = t1;
>> +    }
>> +}
>>
> .
>

Patch

diff --git a/arch_init.c b/arch_init.c
index 5d32ecf..69c6c8c 100644
--- a/arch_init.c
+++ b/arch_init.c
@@ -104,6 +104,8 @@  int graphic_depth = 15;
 #endif
 
 const uint32_t arch_type = QEMU_ARCH;
+static bool mig_throttle_on;
+static void throttle_down_guest_to_converge(void);
 
 /***********************************************************/
 /* ram save/restore */
@@ -378,8 +380,15 @@  static void migration_bitmap_sync(void)
     uint64_t num_dirty_pages_init = migration_dirty_pages;
     MigrationState *s = migrate_get_current();
     static int64_t start_time;
+    static int64_t bytes_xfer_prev;
     static int64_t num_dirty_pages_period;
     int64_t end_time;
+    int64_t bytes_xfer_now;
+    static int dirty_rate_high_cnt;
+
+    if (!bytes_xfer_prev) {
+        bytes_xfer_prev = ram_bytes_transferred();
+    }
 
     if (!start_time) {
         start_time = qemu_get_clock_ms(rt_clock);
@@ -404,6 +413,23 @@  static void migration_bitmap_sync(void)
 
     /* more than 1 second = 1000 millisecons */
     if (end_time > start_time + 1000) {
+        if (migrate_auto_converge()) {
+            /* The following detection logic can be refined later. For now:
+               Check to see if the dirtied bytes is 50% more than the approx.
+               amount of bytes that just got transferred since the last time we
+               were in this routine. If that happens >N times (for now N==4)
+               we turn on the throttle down logic */
+            bytes_xfer_now = ram_bytes_transferred();
+            if (s->dirty_pages_rate &&
+                ((num_dirty_pages_period*TARGET_PAGE_SIZE) >
+                ((bytes_xfer_now - bytes_xfer_prev)/2))) {
+                if (dirty_rate_high_cnt++ > 4) {
+                    DPRINTF("Unable to converge. Throtting down guest\n");
+                    mig_throttle_on = true;
+                }
+             }
+             bytes_xfer_prev = bytes_xfer_now;
+        }
         s->dirty_pages_rate = num_dirty_pages_period * 1000
             / (end_time - start_time);
         s->dirty_bytes_rate = s->dirty_pages_rate * TARGET_PAGE_SIZE;
@@ -628,6 +654,7 @@  static int ram_save_iterate(QEMUFile *f, void *opaque)
         }
         total_sent += bytes_sent;
         acct_info.iterations++;
+        throttle_down_guest_to_converge();
         /* we want to check in the 1st loop, just in case it was the 1st time
            and we had to sync the dirty bitmap.
            qemu_get_clock_ns() is a bit expensive, so we only check each some
@@ -1098,3 +1125,61 @@  TargetInfo *qmp_query_target(Error **errp)
 
     return info;
 }
+
+static bool throttling_needed(void)
+{
+    if (!migrate_auto_converge()) {
+        return false;
+    }
+    return mig_throttle_on;
+}
+
+/* Stub function that's gets run on the vcpu when its brought out of the
+   VM to run inside qemu via async_run_on_cpu()*/
+static void mig_sleep_cpu(void *opq)
+{
+    qemu_mutex_unlock_iothread();
+    g_usleep(30*1000);
+    qemu_mutex_lock_iothread();
+}
+
+/* To reduce the dirty rate explicitly disallow the VCPUs from spending
+   much time in the VM. The migration thread will try to catchup.
+   Workload will experience a performance drop.
+*/
+static void mig_throttle_cpu_down(CPUState *cpu, void *data)
+{
+    async_run_on_cpu(cpu, mig_sleep_cpu, NULL);
+}
+
+static void mig_throttle_guest_down(void)
+{
+    if (throttling_needed()) {
+        qemu_mutex_lock_iothread();
+        qemu_for_each_cpu(mig_throttle_cpu_down, NULL);
+        qemu_mutex_unlock_iothread();
+    }
+}
+
+static void throttle_down_guest_to_converge(void)
+{
+    static int64_t t0;
+    int64_t        t1;
+
+    if (!throttling_needed()) {
+        return;
+    }
+
+    if (!t0)  {
+        t0 = qemu_get_clock_ns(rt_clock);
+        return;
+    }
+
+    t1 = qemu_get_clock_ns(rt_clock);
+
+    /* If it has been more than 40 ms since the last time the guest
+     * was throtled then do it again.
+     */
+    if (((t1-t0)/1000000) > 40) {
+        mig_throttle_guest_down();
+        t0 = t1;