Patchwork [4/5] qcow2: Batch discards

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Submitter Kevin Wolf
Date June 13, 2013, 11:47 a.m.
Message ID <1371124063-12971-5-git-send-email-kwolf@redhat.com>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/251062/
State New
Headers show

Comments

Kevin Wolf - June 13, 2013, 11:47 a.m.
This optimises the discard operation for freed clusters by batching
discard requests (both snapshot deletion and bdrv_discard end up
updating the refcounts cluster by cluster).

Note that we don't discard asynchronously, but keep s->lock held. This
is to avoid that a freed cluster is reallocated and written to while the
discard is still in flight.

Signed-off-by: Kevin Wolf <kwolf@redhat.com>
---
 block/qcow2-cluster.c  | 22 ++++++++++---
 block/qcow2-refcount.c | 85 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
 block/qcow2.c          |  1 +
 block/qcow2.h          | 11 +++++++
 4 files changed, 112 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)
Stefan Hajnoczi - June 17, 2013, 3:45 p.m.
On Thu, Jun 13, 2013 at 01:47:42PM +0200, Kevin Wolf wrote:
> @@ -420,6 +420,77 @@ fail_block:
>      return ret;
>  }
>  
> +void qcow2_process_discards(BlockDriverState *bs, int ret)
> +{
> +    BDRVQcowState *s = bs->opaque;
> +    Qcow2DiscardRegion *d, *next;
> +
> +    QTAILQ_FOREACH_SAFE(d, &s->discards, next, next) {
> +        QTAILQ_REMOVE(&s->discards, d, next);
> +
> +        /* Discard is optional, ignore the return value */
> +        if (ret >= 0) {
> +            fprintf(stderr, "discard: %lx + %lx\n",
> +                         d->offset >> BDRV_SECTOR_BITS,
> +                         d->bytes >> BDRV_SECTOR_BITS);

Debug code.  This doesn't happen with --enable-trace-backend=stderr ;).

Patch

diff --git a/block/qcow2-cluster.c b/block/qcow2-cluster.c
index 26de1c1..e86bddc 100644
--- a/block/qcow2-cluster.c
+++ b/block/qcow2-cluster.c
@@ -1374,18 +1374,25 @@  int qcow2_discard_clusters(BlockDriverState *bs, uint64_t offset,
 
     nb_clusters = size_to_clusters(s, end_offset - offset);
 
+    s->cache_discards = true;
+
     /* Each L2 table is handled by its own loop iteration */
     while (nb_clusters > 0) {
         ret = discard_single_l2(bs, offset, nb_clusters);
         if (ret < 0) {
-            return ret;
+            goto fail;
         }
 
         nb_clusters -= ret;
         offset += (ret * s->cluster_size);
     }
 
-    return 0;
+    ret = 0;
+fail:
+    s->cache_discards = false;
+    qcow2_process_discards(bs, ret);
+
+    return ret;
 }
 
 /*
@@ -1447,15 +1454,22 @@  int qcow2_zero_clusters(BlockDriverState *bs, uint64_t offset, int nb_sectors)
     /* Each L2 table is handled by its own loop iteration */
     nb_clusters = size_to_clusters(s, nb_sectors << BDRV_SECTOR_BITS);
 
+    s->cache_discards = true;
+
     while (nb_clusters > 0) {
         ret = zero_single_l2(bs, offset, nb_clusters);
         if (ret < 0) {
-            return ret;
+            goto fail;
         }
 
         nb_clusters -= ret;
         offset += (ret * s->cluster_size);
     }
 
-    return 0;
+    ret = 0;
+fail:
+    s->cache_discards = false;
+    qcow2_process_discards(bs, ret);
+
+    return ret;
 }
diff --git a/block/qcow2-refcount.c b/block/qcow2-refcount.c
index 7488988..b5a4fb3 100644
--- a/block/qcow2-refcount.c
+++ b/block/qcow2-refcount.c
@@ -420,6 +420,77 @@  fail_block:
     return ret;
 }
 
+void qcow2_process_discards(BlockDriverState *bs, int ret)
+{
+    BDRVQcowState *s = bs->opaque;
+    Qcow2DiscardRegion *d, *next;
+
+    QTAILQ_FOREACH_SAFE(d, &s->discards, next, next) {
+        QTAILQ_REMOVE(&s->discards, d, next);
+
+        /* Discard is optional, ignore the return value */
+        if (ret >= 0) {
+            fprintf(stderr, "discard: %lx + %lx\n",
+                         d->offset >> BDRV_SECTOR_BITS,
+                         d->bytes >> BDRV_SECTOR_BITS);
+            bdrv_discard(bs->file,
+                         d->offset >> BDRV_SECTOR_BITS,
+                         d->bytes >> BDRV_SECTOR_BITS);
+        }
+
+        g_free(d);
+    }
+}
+
+static void update_refcount_discard(BlockDriverState *bs,
+                                    uint64_t offset, uint64_t length)
+{
+    BDRVQcowState *s = bs->opaque;
+    Qcow2DiscardRegion *d, *p, *next;
+
+    QTAILQ_FOREACH(d, &s->discards, next) {
+        uint64_t new_start = MIN(offset, d->offset);
+        uint64_t new_end = MAX(offset + length, d->offset + d->bytes);
+
+        if (new_end - new_start <= length + d->bytes) {
+            /* There can't be any overlap, areas ending up here have no
+             * references any more and therefore shouldn't get freed another
+             * time. */
+            assert(d->bytes + length == new_end - new_start);
+            d->offset = new_start;
+            d->bytes = new_end - new_start;
+            goto found;
+        }
+    }
+
+    d = g_malloc(sizeof(*d));
+    *d = (Qcow2DiscardRegion) {
+        .bs     = bs,
+        .offset = offset,
+        .bytes  = length,
+    };
+    QTAILQ_INSERT_TAIL(&s->discards, d, next);
+
+found:
+    /* Merge discard requests if they are adjacent now */
+    QTAILQ_FOREACH_SAFE(p, &s->discards, next, next) {
+        if (p == d
+            || p->offset > d->offset + d->bytes
+            || d->offset > p->offset + p->bytes)
+        {
+            continue;
+        }
+
+        /* Still no overlap possible */
+        assert(p->offset == d->offset + d->bytes
+            || d->offset == p->offset + p->bytes);
+
+        QTAILQ_REMOVE(&s->discards, p, next);
+        d->offset = MIN(d->offset, p->offset);
+        d->bytes += p->bytes;
+    }
+}
+
 /* XXX: cache several refcount block clusters ? */
 static int QEMU_WARN_UNUSED_RESULT update_refcount(BlockDriverState *bs,
     int64_t offset, int64_t length, int addend, enum qcow2_discard_type type)
@@ -488,15 +559,18 @@  static int QEMU_WARN_UNUSED_RESULT update_refcount(BlockDriverState *bs,
             s->free_cluster_index = cluster_index;
         }
         refcount_block[block_index] = cpu_to_be16(refcount);
+
         if (refcount == 0 && s->discard_passthrough[type]) {
-            /* Try discarding, ignore errors */
-            /* FIXME Doing this cluster by cluster will be painfully slow */
-            bdrv_discard(bs->file, cluster_offset, 1);
+            update_refcount_discard(bs, cluster_offset, s->cluster_size);
         }
     }
 
     ret = 0;
 fail:
+    if (!s->cache_discards) {
+        qcow2_process_discards(bs, ret);
+    }
+
     /* Write last changed block to disk */
     if (refcount_block) {
         int wret;
@@ -755,6 +829,8 @@  int qcow2_update_snapshot_refcount(BlockDriverState *bs,
     l1_table = NULL;
     l1_size2 = l1_size * sizeof(uint64_t);
 
+    s->cache_discards = true;
+
     /* WARNING: qcow2_snapshot_goto relies on this function not using the
      * l1_table_offset when it is the current s->l1_table_offset! Be careful
      * when changing this! */
@@ -867,6 +943,9 @@  fail:
         qcow2_cache_put(bs, s->l2_table_cache, (void**) &l2_table);
     }
 
+    s->cache_discards = false;
+    qcow2_process_discards(bs, ret);
+
     /* Update L1 only if it isn't deleted anyway (addend = -1) */
     if (ret == 0 && addend >= 0 && l1_modified) {
         for (i = 0; i < l1_size; i++) {
diff --git a/block/qcow2.c b/block/qcow2.c
index 62e6753..de93d81 100644
--- a/block/qcow2.c
+++ b/block/qcow2.c
@@ -486,6 +486,7 @@  static int qcow2_open(BlockDriverState *bs, QDict *options, int flags)
     }
 
     QLIST_INIT(&s->cluster_allocs);
+    QTAILQ_INIT(&s->discards);
 
     /* read qcow2 extensions */
     if (qcow2_read_extensions(bs, header.header_length, ext_end, NULL)) {
diff --git a/block/qcow2.h b/block/qcow2.h
index 6f91b9a..3b2d5cd 100644
--- a/block/qcow2.h
+++ b/block/qcow2.h
@@ -147,6 +147,13 @@  typedef struct Qcow2Feature {
     char    name[46];
 } QEMU_PACKED Qcow2Feature;
 
+typedef struct Qcow2DiscardRegion {
+    BlockDriverState *bs;
+    uint64_t offset;
+    uint64_t bytes;
+    QTAILQ_ENTRY(Qcow2DiscardRegion) next;
+} Qcow2DiscardRegion;
+
 typedef struct BDRVQcowState {
     int cluster_bits;
     int cluster_size;
@@ -199,6 +206,8 @@  typedef struct BDRVQcowState {
     size_t unknown_header_fields_size;
     void* unknown_header_fields;
     QLIST_HEAD(, Qcow2UnknownHeaderExtension) unknown_header_ext;
+    QTAILQ_HEAD (, Qcow2DiscardRegion) discards;
+    bool cache_discards;
 } BDRVQcowState;
 
 /* XXX: use std qcow open function ? */
@@ -374,6 +383,8 @@  int qcow2_update_snapshot_refcount(BlockDriverState *bs,
 int qcow2_check_refcounts(BlockDriverState *bs, BdrvCheckResult *res,
                           BdrvCheckMode fix);
 
+void qcow2_process_discards(BlockDriverState *bs, int ret);
+
 /* qcow2-cluster.c functions */
 int qcow2_grow_l1_table(BlockDriverState *bs, uint64_t min_size,
                         bool exact_size);