Patchwork [57/75] random: fix accounting race condition with lockless irq entropy_count update

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Submitter Kamal Mostafa
Date June 4, 2013, 4:55 p.m.
Message ID <1370364959-9475-58-git-send-email-kamal@canonical.com>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/248763/
State New
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Kamal Mostafa - June 4, 2013, 4:55 p.m.
3.8.13.2 -stable review patch.  If anyone has any objections, please let me know.

------------------

From: Jiri Kosina <jkosina@suse.cz>

commit 10b3a32d292c21ea5b3ad5ca5975e88bb20b8d68 upstream.

Commit 902c098a3663 ("random: use lockless techniques in the interrupt
path") turned IRQ path from being spinlock protected into lockless
cmpxchg-retry update.

That commit removed r->lock serialization between crediting entropy bits
from IRQ context and accounting when extracting entropy on userspace
read path, but didn't turn the r->entropy_count reads/updates in
account() to use cmpxchg as well.

It has been observed, that under certain circumstances this leads to
read() on /dev/urandom to return 0 (EOF), as r->entropy_count gets
corrupted and becomes negative, which in turn results in propagating 0
all the way from account() to the actual read() call.

Convert the accounting code to be the proper lockless counterpart of
what has been partially done by 902c098a3663.

Signed-off-by: Jiri Kosina <jkosina@suse.cz>
Cc: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu>
Cc: Greg KH <greg@kroah.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Kamal Mostafa <kamal@canonical.com>
---
 drivers/char/random.c | 24 ++++++++++++++++--------
 1 file changed, 16 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)

Patch

diff --git a/drivers/char/random.c b/drivers/char/random.c
index ae872f8..b7dc45c 100644
--- a/drivers/char/random.c
+++ b/drivers/char/random.c
@@ -865,16 +865,24 @@  static size_t account(struct entropy_store *r, size_t nbytes, int min,
 	if (r->entropy_count / 8 < min + reserved) {
 		nbytes = 0;
 	} else {
+		int entropy_count, orig;
+retry:
+		entropy_count = orig = ACCESS_ONCE(r->entropy_count);
 		/* If limited, never pull more than available */
-		if (r->limit && nbytes + reserved >= r->entropy_count / 8)
-			nbytes = r->entropy_count/8 - reserved;
-
-		if (r->entropy_count / 8 >= nbytes + reserved)
-			r->entropy_count -= nbytes*8;
-		else
-			r->entropy_count = reserved;
+		if (r->limit && nbytes + reserved >= entropy_count / 8)
+			nbytes = entropy_count/8 - reserved;
+
+		if (entropy_count / 8 >= nbytes + reserved) {
+			entropy_count -= nbytes*8;
+			if (cmpxchg(&r->entropy_count, orig, entropy_count) != orig)
+				goto retry;
+		} else {
+			entropy_count = reserved;
+			if (cmpxchg(&r->entropy_count, orig, entropy_count) != orig)
+				goto retry;
+		}
 
-		if (r->entropy_count < random_write_wakeup_thresh)
+		if (entropy_count < random_write_wakeup_thresh)
 			wakeup_write = 1;
 	}