Patchwork [4/7] PCI: Fix racing for pci device removing via sysfs

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Submitter Yinghai Lu
Date May 14, 2013, 2:28 a.m.
Message ID <1368498506-25857-5-git-send-email-yinghai@kernel.org>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/243579/
State Superseded
Headers show

Comments

Yinghai Lu - May 14, 2013, 2:28 a.m.
Gu found nested removing through
	echo -n 1 > /sys/bus/pci/devices/0000\:10\:00.0/remove ; echo -n 1 >
/sys/bus/pci/devices/0000\:1a\:01.0/remove

will cause kernel crash as bus get freed.

[  418.946462] CPU 4
[  418.968377] Pid: 512, comm: kworker/u:2 Tainted: G        W    3.8.0 #2
FUJITSU-SV PRIMEQUEST 1800E/SB
[  419.081763] RIP: 0010:[<ffffffff8137972e>]  [<ffffffff8137972e>]
pci_bus_read_config_word+0x5e/0x90
[  420.494137] Call Trace:
[  420.523326]  [<ffffffff813851ef>] ? remove_callback+0x1f/0x40
[  420.591984]  [<ffffffff8138044b>] pci_pme_active+0x4b/0x1c0
[  420.658545]  [<ffffffff8137d8e7>] pci_stop_bus_device+0x57/0xb0
[  420.729259]  [<ffffffff8137dab6>] pci_stop_and_remove_bus_device+0x16/0x30
[  420.811392]  [<ffffffff813851fb>] remove_callback+0x2b/0x40
[  420.877955]  [<ffffffff81257a56>] sysfs_schedule_callback_work+0x26/0x70

https://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=54411

We have one patch that will let device hold bus ref to prevent it from
being freed, but that will still generate warning.

------------[ cut here ]------------
WARNING: at lib/list_debug.c:53 __list_del_entry+0x63/0xd0()
Hardware name: PRIMEQUEST 1800E
list_del corruption, ffff8807d1b6c000->next is LIST_POISON1 (dead000000100100)
Call Trace:
 [<ffffffff81056d4f>] warn_slowpath_common+0x7f/0xc0
 [<ffffffff81056e46>] warn_slowpath_fmt+0x46/0x50
 [<ffffffff81280b13>] __list_del_entry+0x63/0xd0
 [<ffffffff81280b91>] list_del+0x11/0x40
 [<ffffffff81298331>] pci_destroy_dev+0x31/0xc0
 [<ffffffff812985bb>] pci_remove_bus_device+0x5b/0x70
 [<ffffffff812985ee>] pci_stop_and_remove_bus_device+0x1e/0x30
 [<ffffffff8129fc89>] remove_callback+0x29/0x40
 [<ffffffff811f3b84>] sysfs_schedule_callback_work+0x24/0x70

Bjorn pointed out that pci_dev should retain its reference to the pci_bus
for as long as the pci_dev exists, so the release reference should go in
pci_release_dev() instead.

At last we will not need to touch pci-sysfs bits.

-v6: split other changes to other patches.

Reported-by: Gu Zheng <guz.fnst@cn.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Yinghai Lu <yinghai@kernel.org>

---
 drivers/pci/probe.c |    2 ++
 1 file changed, 2 insertions(+)

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Gu Zheng - May 16, 2013, 7:52 a.m.
Hi Yinghai,
   It works well. 

Thanks!
Gu

On 05/14/2013 10:28 AM, Yinghai Lu wrote:

> Gu found nested removing through
> 	echo -n 1 > /sys/bus/pci/devices/0000\:10\:00.0/remove ; echo -n 1 >
> /sys/bus/pci/devices/0000\:1a\:01.0/remove
> 
> will cause kernel crash as bus get freed.
> 
> [  418.946462] CPU 4
> [  418.968377] Pid: 512, comm: kworker/u:2 Tainted: G        W    3.8.0 #2
> FUJITSU-SV PRIMEQUEST 1800E/SB
> [  419.081763] RIP: 0010:[<ffffffff8137972e>]  [<ffffffff8137972e>]
> pci_bus_read_config_word+0x5e/0x90
> [  420.494137] Call Trace:
> [  420.523326]  [<ffffffff813851ef>] ? remove_callback+0x1f/0x40
> [  420.591984]  [<ffffffff8138044b>] pci_pme_active+0x4b/0x1c0
> [  420.658545]  [<ffffffff8137d8e7>] pci_stop_bus_device+0x57/0xb0
> [  420.729259]  [<ffffffff8137dab6>] pci_stop_and_remove_bus_device+0x16/0x30
> [  420.811392]  [<ffffffff813851fb>] remove_callback+0x2b/0x40
> [  420.877955]  [<ffffffff81257a56>] sysfs_schedule_callback_work+0x26/0x70
> 
> https://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=54411
> 
> We have one patch that will let device hold bus ref to prevent it from
> being freed, but that will still generate warning.
> 
> ------------[ cut here ]------------
> WARNING: at lib/list_debug.c:53 __list_del_entry+0x63/0xd0()
> Hardware name: PRIMEQUEST 1800E
> list_del corruption, ffff8807d1b6c000->next is LIST_POISON1 (dead000000100100)
> Call Trace:
>  [<ffffffff81056d4f>] warn_slowpath_common+0x7f/0xc0
>  [<ffffffff81056e46>] warn_slowpath_fmt+0x46/0x50
>  [<ffffffff81280b13>] __list_del_entry+0x63/0xd0
>  [<ffffffff81280b91>] list_del+0x11/0x40
>  [<ffffffff81298331>] pci_destroy_dev+0x31/0xc0
>  [<ffffffff812985bb>] pci_remove_bus_device+0x5b/0x70
>  [<ffffffff812985ee>] pci_stop_and_remove_bus_device+0x1e/0x30
>  [<ffffffff8129fc89>] remove_callback+0x29/0x40
>  [<ffffffff811f3b84>] sysfs_schedule_callback_work+0x24/0x70
> 
> Bjorn pointed out that pci_dev should retain its reference to the pci_bus
> for as long as the pci_dev exists, so the release reference should go in
> pci_release_dev() instead.
> 
> At last we will not need to touch pci-sysfs bits.
> 
> -v6: split other changes to other patches.
> 
> Reported-by: Gu Zheng <guz.fnst@cn.fujitsu.com>
> Signed-off-by: Yinghai Lu <yinghai@kernel.org>


Tested-by: Gu Zheng <guz.fnst@cn.fujitsu.com>

> 
> ---
>  drivers/pci/probe.c |    2 ++
>  1 file changed, 2 insertions(+)
> 
> Index: linux-2.6/drivers/pci/probe.c
> ===================================================================
> --- linux-2.6.orig/drivers/pci/probe.c
> +++ linux-2.6/drivers/pci/probe.c
> @@ -1149,6 +1149,7 @@ static void pci_release_dev(struct devic
>  	list_del(&pci_dev->bus_list);
>  	up_write(&pci_bus_sem);
>  	pci_free_resources(pci_dev);
> +	put_device(&pci_dev->bus->dev);
>  
>  	pci_release_capabilities(pci_dev);
>  	pci_release_of_node(pci_dev);
> @@ -1360,6 +1361,7 @@ void pci_device_add(struct pci_dev *dev,
>  	down_write(&pci_bus_sem);
>  	list_add_tail(&dev->bus_list, &bus->devices);
>  	up_write(&pci_bus_sem);
> +	get_device(&bus->dev);
>  
>  	ret = pcibios_add_device(dev);
>  	WARN_ON(ret < 0);
> 


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Patch

Index: linux-2.6/drivers/pci/probe.c
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.orig/drivers/pci/probe.c
+++ linux-2.6/drivers/pci/probe.c
@@ -1149,6 +1149,7 @@  static void pci_release_dev(struct devic
 	list_del(&pci_dev->bus_list);
 	up_write(&pci_bus_sem);
 	pci_free_resources(pci_dev);
+	put_device(&pci_dev->bus->dev);
 
 	pci_release_capabilities(pci_dev);
 	pci_release_of_node(pci_dev);
@@ -1360,6 +1361,7 @@  void pci_device_add(struct pci_dev *dev,
 	down_write(&pci_bus_sem);
 	list_add_tail(&dev->bus_list, &bus->devices);
 	up_write(&pci_bus_sem);
+	get_device(&bus->dev);
 
 	ret = pcibios_add_device(dev);
 	WARN_ON(ret < 0);