Patchwork [2/2] ARM: Add mach-virt platform

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Submitter John Rigby
Date April 30, 2013, 3:47 p.m.
Message ID <1367336838-23742-3-git-send-email-john.rigby@linaro.org>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/240652/
State New
Headers show

Comments

John Rigby - April 30, 2013, 3:47 p.m.
Add mach-virt platform support cooresponding to
/arch/arm/mach-virt in kernel tree.

For now it is not virtual but instantiates a pl011 uart
and and sp804 timer.  The uart is need for a console
the timer is needed when running without kvm and there
is no arch timer.

Signed-off-by: John Rigby <john.rigby@linaro.org>
---
 hw/arm/Makefile.objs |    2 +-
 hw/arm/mach-virt.c   |  339 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 2 files changed, 340 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
 create mode 100644 hw/arm/mach-virt.c

Patch

diff --git a/hw/arm/Makefile.objs b/hw/arm/Makefile.objs
index 9e3a06f..0789352 100644
--- a/hw/arm/Makefile.objs
+++ b/hw/arm/Makefile.objs
@@ -1,5 +1,5 @@ 
 obj-y += boot.o collie.o exynos4_boards.o gumstix.o highbank.o
-obj-y += integratorcp.o kzm.o mainstone.o musicpal.o nseries.o
+obj-y += integratorcp.o kzm.o mach-virt.o mainstone.o musicpal.o nseries.o
 obj-y += omap_sx1.o palm.o pic_cpu.o realview.o spitz.o stellaris.o
 obj-y += tosa.o versatilepb.o vexpress.o xilinx_zynq.o z2.o
 
diff --git a/hw/arm/mach-virt.c b/hw/arm/mach-virt.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..b35469a
--- /dev/null
+++ b/hw/arm/mach-virt.c
@@ -0,0 +1,339 @@ 
+/*
+ * ARM mach-virt emulation
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 2013 Linaro
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
+ * under the terms and conditions of the GNU General Public License,
+ * version 2 or later, as published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope it will be useful, but WITHOUT
+ * ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
+ * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License for
+ * more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with
+ * this program.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+ *
+ */
+
+#include "hw/sysbus.h"
+#include "hw/arm-misc.h"
+#include "hw/primecell.h"
+#include "hw/devices.h"
+#include "net/net.h"
+#include "sysemu/device_tree.h"
+#include "sysemu/sysemu.h"
+#include "hw/boards.h"
+#include "exec/address-spaces.h"
+#include "hw/flash.h"
+#include "libfdt_env.h"
+
+#define ARM_GIC_DIST_BASE 0x2c001000
+#define ARM_GIC_DIST_SIZE 0x1000
+#define ARM_GIC_CPUI_BASE 0x2c002000
+#define ARM_GIC_CPUI_SIZE 0x1000
+
+#define GIC_FDT_IRQ_NUM_CELLS 3
+
+#define GIC_FDT_IRQ_TYPE_SPI 0
+#define GIC_FDT_IRQ_TYPE_PPI 1
+
+#define GIC_FDT_IRQ_FLAGS_EDGE_LO_HI 1
+#define GIC_FDT_IRQ_FLAGS_EDGE_HI_LO 2
+#define GIC_FDT_IRQ_FLAGS_LEVEL_HI 4
+#define GIC_FDT_IRQ_FLAGS_LEVEL_LO 8
+
+#define GIC_FDT_IRQ_PPI_CPU_SHIFT 8
+#define GIC_FDT_IRQ_PPI_CPU_MASK (0xff << GIC_FDT_IRQ_PPI_CPU_SHIFT)
+
+12345678901234567890123456789012345678901234567890123456789012345678901234567890
+
+#define CPU_NAME_MAX_LEN 16
+static void add_cpu_nodes(void *fdt, const struct arm_boot_info *binfo)
+{
+    int cpu;
+
+    qemu_devtree_add_subnode(fdt, "/cpus");
+    qemu_devtree_setprop_cell(fdt, "/cpus", "#address-cells", 0x1);
+    qemu_devtree_setprop_cell(fdt, "/cpus", "#size-cells", 0x0);
+
+    for (cpu = 0; cpu < binfo->nb_cpus; ++cpu) {
+        char cpu_name[CPU_NAME_MAX_LEN];
+
+        snprintf(cpu_name, CPU_NAME_MAX_LEN, "/cpus/cpu@%d", cpu);
+
+        qemu_devtree_add_subnode(fdt, cpu_name);
+        qemu_devtree_setprop_string(fdt, cpu_name, "device_type", "cpu");
+        qemu_devtree_setprop_string(fdt, cpu_name, "compatible",
+            "arm,cortex-a15");
+
+        if (binfo->nb_cpus > 1) {
+            qemu_devtree_setprop_string(fdt, cpu_name, "enable-method", "psci");
+        }
+
+        qemu_devtree_setprop_cell(fdt, cpu_name, "reg", cpu);
+    }
+}
+
+static void add_gic_nodes(void *fdt, uint32_t phandle)
+{
+    uint64_t reg_prop[] = {
+        cpu_to_fdt64(ARM_GIC_DIST_BASE), cpu_to_fdt64(ARM_GIC_DIST_SIZE),
+        cpu_to_fdt64(ARM_GIC_CPUI_BASE), cpu_to_fdt64(ARM_GIC_CPUI_SIZE),
+    };
+
+    qemu_devtree_add_subnode(fdt, "/intc");
+    qemu_devtree_setprop_string(fdt, "/intc", "compatible",
+            "arm,cortex-a15-gic");
+    qemu_devtree_setprop_cell(fdt, "/intc", "#interrupt-cells",
+            GIC_FDT_IRQ_NUM_CELLS);
+    qemu_devtree_setprop(fdt, "/intc", "interrupt-controller", NULL, 0);
+    qemu_devtree_setprop(fdt, "/intc", "reg", reg_prop, sizeof(reg_prop));
+    qemu_devtree_setprop_cell(fdt, "/intc", "phandle", phandle);
+}
+
+static void add_timer_nodes(void *fdt, const struct arm_boot_info *binfo)
+{
+    uint32_t cpu_mask =
+        (((1 << binfo->nb_cpus) - 1) << GIC_FDT_IRQ_PPI_CPU_SHIFT)
+                        & GIC_FDT_IRQ_PPI_CPU_MASK;
+    cpu_mask = 0xf00;
+    uint32_t irq_prop[] = {
+        cpu_to_fdt32(GIC_FDT_IRQ_TYPE_PPI),
+        cpu_to_fdt32(13),
+        cpu_to_fdt32(cpu_mask | GIC_FDT_IRQ_FLAGS_EDGE_LO_HI),
+
+        cpu_to_fdt32(GIC_FDT_IRQ_TYPE_PPI),
+        cpu_to_fdt32(14),
+        cpu_to_fdt32(cpu_mask | GIC_FDT_IRQ_FLAGS_EDGE_LO_HI),
+
+        cpu_to_fdt32(GIC_FDT_IRQ_TYPE_PPI),
+        cpu_to_fdt32(11),
+        cpu_to_fdt32(cpu_mask | GIC_FDT_IRQ_FLAGS_EDGE_LO_HI),
+
+        cpu_to_fdt32(GIC_FDT_IRQ_TYPE_PPI),
+        cpu_to_fdt32(10),
+        cpu_to_fdt32(cpu_mask | GIC_FDT_IRQ_FLAGS_EDGE_LO_HI),
+    };
+
+    qemu_devtree_add_subnode(fdt, "/timer");
+    qemu_devtree_setprop_string(fdt, "/timer", "compatible", "arm,armv7-timer");
+    qemu_devtree_setprop(fdt, "/timer", "interrupts", irq_prop,
+            sizeof(irq_prop));
+}
+
+#define NRMAPIRQS 43
+
+static void add_interrupt_map(void *fdt, const char *soc, uint32_t gic)
+{
+    int i, irq;
+    int len;
+    uint32_t *map;
+
+    qemu_devtree_setprop_cell(fdt, soc, "#interrupt-cells", 0x1);
+    qemu_devtree_setprop_cells(fdt, soc, "interrupt-map-mask", 0, 63);
+
+    len = NRMAPIRQS * 6 * sizeof(uint32_t);
+    map = g_malloc(len);
+
+    for (i = 0, irq = 0; irq < NRMAPIRQS; irq++) {
+        map[i++] = cpu_to_be32(0x0);
+        map[i++] = cpu_to_be32(irq);
+        map[i++] = cpu_to_be32(gic);
+        map[i++] = cpu_to_be32(0x0);
+        map[i++] = cpu_to_be32(irq);
+        map[i++] = cpu_to_be32(4);
+    }
+    qemu_devtree_setprop(fdt, soc, "interrupt-map", map, len);
+    g_free(map);
+}
+
+static void *machvirt_dtb(hwaddr addr, const struct arm_boot_info *binfo,
+        int *fdt_size)
+{
+    void *fdt;
+    uint32_t gic_phandle;
+    uint32_t clock_phandle;
+    char compatible_sb[] = "simple-bus\0arm,amba-bus";
+    char compatible_uart[] = "arm,pl011\0arm,primecell";
+    char compatible_timer[] = "arm,sp804\0arm,primecell";
+    char clock_names_uart[] = "uartclk\0apb_pclk";
+    char clock_names_timer[] = "timerclk\0apb_pclk";
+
+    fdt = create_device_tree(fdt_size);
+    if (fdt == NULL) {
+        goto out;
+    }
+    gic_phandle = qemu_devtree_alloc_phandle(fdt);
+
+    /* Header */
+    qemu_devtree_setprop_cell(fdt, "/", "interrupt-parent", gic_phandle);
+    qemu_devtree_setprop_string(fdt, "/", "compatible", "linux,dummy-virt");
+    qemu_devtree_setprop_cell(fdt, "/", "#address-cells", 0x2);
+    qemu_devtree_setprop_cell(fdt, "/", "#size-cells", 0x2);
+
+    /*
+     * /chosen and /memory nodes must exist
+     * only add properties are not added later in arm_boot
+     */
+    qemu_devtree_add_subnode(fdt, "/chosen");
+    qemu_devtree_add_subnode(fdt, "/memory");
+    qemu_devtree_setprop_string(fdt, "/memory", "device_type", "memory");
+
+    /* CPU and peripherals (interrupt controller, timers, etc) */
+    add_cpu_nodes(fdt, binfo);
+    add_gic_nodes(fdt, gic_phandle);
+    add_timer_nodes(fdt, binfo);
+
+    qemu_devtree_add_subnode(fdt, "/soc");
+    qemu_devtree_setprop(fdt, "/soc", "compatible", compatible_sb,
+            sizeof(compatible_sb));
+    qemu_devtree_setprop_cell(fdt, "/soc", "#address-cells", 0x1);
+    qemu_devtree_setprop_cell(fdt, "/soc", "#size-cells", 0x1);
+    qemu_devtree_setprop_cells(fdt, "/soc", "ranges", 0x10000000, 0x0,
+            0x10000000, 0x10000000);
+    qemu_devtree_setprop_cell(fdt, "/soc", "#interrupt-cells", 0x1);
+
+    add_interrupt_map(fdt, "/soc", gic_phandle);
+
+    clock_phandle = qemu_devtree_alloc_phandle(fdt);
+    qemu_devtree_add_subnode(fdt, "/soc/clock");
+    qemu_devtree_setprop_string(fdt, "/soc/clock", "compatible", "fixed-clock");
+    qemu_devtree_setprop_cell(fdt, "/soc/clock", "#clock-cells", 0x0);
+    qemu_devtree_setprop_cell(fdt, "/soc/clock", "clock-frequency", 24000000);
+    qemu_devtree_setprop_string(fdt, "/soc/clock", "clock-output-names",
+            "clk24mhz");
+    qemu_devtree_setprop_cell(fdt, "/soc/clock", "phandle", clock_phandle);
+
+    qemu_devtree_add_subnode(fdt, "/soc/uart");
+    qemu_devtree_setprop(fdt, "/soc/uart", "compatible", compatible_uart,
+            sizeof(compatible_uart));
+    qemu_devtree_setprop_cells(fdt, "/soc/uart", "reg", 0x1c090000, 0x1000);
+    qemu_devtree_setprop_cell(fdt, "/soc/uart", "interrupts", 0x5);
+    qemu_devtree_setprop_cells(fdt, "/soc/uart", "clocks", clock_phandle,
+            clock_phandle);
+    qemu_devtree_setprop(fdt, "/soc/uart", "clock-names", clock_names_uart,
+            sizeof(clock_names_uart));
+
+    qemu_devtree_add_subnode(fdt, "/soc/timer");
+    qemu_devtree_setprop(fdt, "/soc/timer", "compatible", compatible_timer,
+            sizeof(compatible_timer));
+    qemu_devtree_setprop_cells(fdt, "/soc/timer", "reg", 0x1c110000, 0x1000);
+    qemu_devtree_setprop_cell(fdt, "/soc/timer", "interrupts", 0x2);
+    qemu_devtree_setprop_cells(fdt, "/soc/timer", "clocks", clock_phandle,
+            clock_phandle);
+    qemu_devtree_setprop(fdt, "/soc/timer", "clock-names", clock_names_timer,
+            sizeof(clock_names_timer));
+#if 0
+    /* PSCI firmware */
+    qemu_devtree_add_subnode(fdt, "/psci");
+    qemu_devtree_setprop_string(fdt, "/psci", "compatible", "arm,psci");
+    qemu_devtree_setprop_string(fdt, "/psci", "method", "hvc");
+    qemu_devtree_setprop_cell(fdt, "/psci", "cpu_suspend",
+            KVM_PSCI_FN_CPU_SUSPEND);
+    qemu_devtree_setprop_cell(fdt, "/psci", "cpu_off", KVM_PSCI_FN_CPU_OFF);
+    qemu_devtree_setprop_cell(fdt, "/psci", "cpu_on", KVM_PSCI_FN_CPU_ON);
+    qemu_devtree_setprop_cell(fdt, "/psci", "migrate", KVM_PSCI_FN_MIGRATE);
+#endif
+
+out:
+    return fdt;
+}
+
+
+static struct arm_boot_info machvirt_binfo;
+
+static void machvirt_init(QEMUMachineInitArgs *args)
+{
+    qemu_irq pic[64];
+    MemoryRegion *sysmem = get_system_memory();
+    int n;
+    MemoryRegion *ram = g_new(MemoryRegion, 1);
+    qemu_irq cpu_irq[4];
+    DeviceState *dev;
+    SysBusDevice *busdev;
+    const char *cpu_model = args->cpu_model;
+
+    if (!cpu_model) {
+        cpu_model = "cortex-a15";
+    }
+
+    for (n = 0; n < smp_cpus; n++) {
+        ARMCPU *cpu;
+        qemu_irq *irqp;
+
+        cpu = cpu_arm_init(cpu_model);
+        if (!cpu) {
+            fprintf(stderr, "Unable to find CPU definition %s\n", cpu_model);
+            exit(1);
+        }
+        irqp = arm_pic_init_cpu(cpu);
+        cpu_irq[n] = irqp[ARM_PIC_CPU_IRQ];
+    }
+
+    {
+        /* We have to use a separate 64 bit variable here to avoid the gcc
+         * "comparison is always false due to limited range of data type"
+         * warning if we are on a host where ram_addr_t is 32 bits.
+         */
+        uint64_t rsz = ram_size;
+        if (rsz > (30ULL * 1024 * 1024 * 1024)) {
+            fprintf(stderr, "mach-virt: cannot model more than 30GB RAM\n");
+            exit(1);
+        }
+    }
+
+    memory_region_init_ram(ram, "mach-virt.ram", ram_size);
+    vmstate_register_ram_global(ram);
+    /* RAM is from 0x80000000 upwards; there is no low-memory alias for it. */
+    memory_region_add_subregion(sysmem, 0x80000000, ram);
+
+    /* 0x2c000000 A15MPCore private memory region (GIC) */
+    dev = qdev_create(NULL, "a15mpcore_priv");
+    qdev_prop_set_uint32(dev, "num-cpu", smp_cpus);
+    qdev_init_nofail(dev);
+    busdev = SYS_BUS_DEVICE(dev);
+    sysbus_mmio_map(busdev, 0, 0x2c000000);
+    for (n = 0; n < smp_cpus; n++) {
+        sysbus_connect_irq(busdev, n, cpu_irq[n]);
+    }
+
+    for (n = 0; n < 64; n++) {
+        pic[n] = qdev_get_gpio_in(dev, n);
+    }
+
+    /*
+     * Not completely virt yet, we do have one uart
+     * .. and a timer...
+     */
+    sysbus_create_simple("pl011", 0x1c090000, pic[5]);
+    sysbus_create_simple("sp804", 0x1c110000, pic[2]);
+
+    machvirt_binfo.ram_size = args->ram_size;
+    machvirt_binfo.kernel_filename = args->kernel_filename;
+    machvirt_binfo.kernel_cmdline = args->kernel_cmdline;
+    machvirt_binfo.initrd_filename = args->initrd_filename;
+    machvirt_binfo.nb_cpus = smp_cpus;
+    machvirt_binfo.board_id = -1;
+    machvirt_binfo.loader_start = 0x80000000;
+    machvirt_binfo.smp_bootreg_addr = 0x1c010000 + 0x30;
+    machvirt_binfo.gic_cpu_if_addr = 0x2c002000;
+    machvirt_binfo.get_dtb = machvirt_dtb;
+    arm_load_kernel(arm_env_get_cpu(first_cpu), &machvirt_binfo);
+}
+
+static QEMUMachine machvirt_a15_machine = {
+    .name = "machvirt-a15",
+    .desc = "ARM Virtual Cortex-A15",
+    .init = machvirt_init,
+    .max_cpus = 4,
+    DEFAULT_MACHINE_OPTIONS,
+};
+
+static void machvirt_machine_init(void)
+{
+    qemu_register_machine(&machvirt_a15_machine);
+}
+
+machine_init(machvirt_machine_init);