Patchwork [20/29] ext4: Use transaction reservation for extent conversion in ext4_end_io

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Submitter Jan Kara
Date April 8, 2013, 9:32 p.m.
Message ID <1365456754-29373-21-git-send-email-jack@suse.cz>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/234915/
State Superseded
Headers show

Comments

Jan Kara - April 8, 2013, 9:32 p.m.
Later we would like to clear PageWriteback bit only after extent conversion
from unwritten to written extents is performed. However it is not possible
to start a transaction after PageWriteback is set because that violates
lock ordering (and is easy to deadlock). So we have to reserve a transaction
before locking pages and sending them for IO and later we use the transaction
for extent conversion from ext4_end_io().

Signed-off-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
---
 fs/ext4/ext4.h      |   12 +++++++++---
 fs/ext4/ext4_jbd2.h |    3 ++-
 fs/ext4/extents.c   |   39 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----------
 fs/ext4/inode.c     |   32 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
 fs/ext4/page-io.c   |   11 ++++++++---
 5 files changed, 77 insertions(+), 20 deletions(-)
Zheng Liu - May 8, 2013, 6:57 a.m.
On Mon, Apr 08, 2013 at 11:32:25PM +0200, Jan Kara wrote:
> Later we would like to clear PageWriteback bit only after extent conversion
> from unwritten to written extents is performed. However it is not possible
> to start a transaction after PageWriteback is set because that violates
> lock ordering (and is easy to deadlock). So we have to reserve a transaction
> before locking pages and sending them for IO and later we use the transaction
> for extent conversion from ext4_end_io().
> 
> Signed-off-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>

Reviewed-by: Zheng Liu <wenqing.lz@taobao.com>
Regards,
                                                - Zheng

> ---
>  fs/ext4/ext4.h      |   12 +++++++++---
>  fs/ext4/ext4_jbd2.h |    3 ++-
>  fs/ext4/extents.c   |   39 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----------
>  fs/ext4/inode.c     |   32 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
>  fs/ext4/page-io.c   |   11 ++++++++---
>  5 files changed, 77 insertions(+), 20 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/fs/ext4/ext4.h b/fs/ext4/ext4.h
> index 3c3827a..65adf0d 100644
> --- a/fs/ext4/ext4.h
> +++ b/fs/ext4/ext4.h
> @@ -182,10 +182,13 @@ struct ext4_map_blocks {
>  #define EXT4_IO_END_DIRECT	0x0004
>  
>  /*
> - * For converting uninitialized extents on a work queue.
> + * For converting uninitialized extents on a work queue. 'handle' is used for
> + * buffered writeback.
>   */
>  typedef struct ext4_io_end {
>  	struct list_head	list;		/* per-file finished IO list */
> +	handle_t		*handle;	/* handle reserved for extent
> +						 * conversion */
>  	struct inode		*inode;		/* file being written to */
>  	unsigned int		flag;		/* unwritten or not */
>  	loff_t			offset;		/* offset in the file */
> @@ -1314,6 +1317,9 @@ static inline void ext4_set_io_unwritten_flag(struct inode *inode,
>  					      struct ext4_io_end *io_end)
>  {
>  	if (!(io_end->flag & EXT4_IO_END_UNWRITTEN)) {
> +		/* Writeback has to have coversion transaction reserved */
> +		WARN_ON(!io_end->handle &&
> +			!(io_end->flag & EXT4_IO_END_DIRECT));
>  		io_end->flag |= EXT4_IO_END_UNWRITTEN;
>  		atomic_inc(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_unwritten);
>  	}
> @@ -2550,8 +2556,8 @@ extern void ext4_ext_init(struct super_block *);
>  extern void ext4_ext_release(struct super_block *);
>  extern long ext4_fallocate(struct file *file, int mode, loff_t offset,
>  			  loff_t len);
> -extern int ext4_convert_unwritten_extents(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset,
> -			  ssize_t len);
> +extern int ext4_convert_unwritten_extents(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode,
> +					  loff_t offset, ssize_t len);
>  extern int ext4_map_blocks(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode,
>  			   struct ext4_map_blocks *map, int flags);
>  extern int ext4_ext_calc_metadata_amount(struct inode *inode,
> diff --git a/fs/ext4/ext4_jbd2.h b/fs/ext4/ext4_jbd2.h
> index bb17931..88e95d7 100644
> --- a/fs/ext4/ext4_jbd2.h
> +++ b/fs/ext4/ext4_jbd2.h
> @@ -132,7 +132,8 @@ static inline int ext4_jbd2_credits_xattr(struct inode *inode)
>  #define EXT4_HT_MIGRATE          8
>  #define EXT4_HT_MOVE_EXTENTS     9
>  #define EXT4_HT_XATTR           10
> -#define EXT4_HT_MAX             11
> +#define EXT4_HT_EXT_CONVERT     11
> +#define EXT4_HT_MAX             12
>  
>  /**
>   *   struct ext4_journal_cb_entry - Base structure for callback information.
> diff --git a/fs/ext4/extents.c b/fs/ext4/extents.c
> index 8064b71..ae22735 100644
> --- a/fs/ext4/extents.c
> +++ b/fs/ext4/extents.c
> @@ -4484,10 +4484,9 @@ retry:
>   * function, to convert the fallocated extents after IO is completed.
>   * Returns 0 on success.
>   */
> -int ext4_convert_unwritten_extents(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset,
> -				    ssize_t len)
> +int ext4_convert_unwritten_extents(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode,
> +				   loff_t offset, ssize_t len)
>  {
> -	handle_t *handle;
>  	unsigned int max_blocks;
>  	int ret = 0;
>  	int ret2 = 0;
> @@ -4502,16 +4501,31 @@ int ext4_convert_unwritten_extents(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset,
>  	max_blocks = ((EXT4_BLOCK_ALIGN(len + offset, blkbits) >> blkbits) -
>  		      map.m_lblk);
>  	/*
> -	 * credits to insert 1 extent into extent tree
> +	 * This is somewhat ugly but the idea is clear: When transaction is
> +	 * reserved, everything goes into it. Otherwise we rather start several
> +	 * smaller transactions for conversion of each extent separately.
>  	 */
> -	credits = ext4_chunk_trans_blocks(inode, max_blocks);
> +	if (handle) {
> +		handle = ext4_journal_start_reserved(handle);
> +		if (IS_ERR(handle))
> +			return PTR_ERR(handle);
> +		credits = 0;
> +	} else {
> +		/*
> +		 * credits to insert 1 extent into extent tree
> +		 */
> +		credits = ext4_chunk_trans_blocks(inode, max_blocks);
> +	}
>  	while (ret >= 0 && ret < max_blocks) {
>  		map.m_lblk += ret;
>  		map.m_len = (max_blocks -= ret);
> -		handle = ext4_journal_start(inode, EXT4_HT_MAP_BLOCKS, credits);
> -		if (IS_ERR(handle)) {
> -			ret = PTR_ERR(handle);
> -			break;
> +		if (credits) {
> +			handle = ext4_journal_start(inode, EXT4_HT_MAP_BLOCKS,
> +						    credits);
> +			if (IS_ERR(handle)) {
> +				ret = PTR_ERR(handle);
> +				break;
> +			}
>  		}
>  		ret = ext4_map_blocks(handle, inode, &map,
>  				      EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_IO_CONVERT_EXT);
> @@ -4522,10 +4536,13 @@ int ext4_convert_unwritten_extents(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset,
>  				     inode->i_ino, map.m_lblk,
>  				     map.m_len, ret);
>  		ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode);
> -		ret2 = ext4_journal_stop(handle);
> -		if (ret <= 0 || ret2 )
> +		if (credits)
> +			ret2 = ext4_journal_stop(handle);
> +		if (ret <= 0 || ret2)
>  			break;
>  	}
> +	if (!credits)
> +		ret2 = ext4_journal_stop(handle);
>  	return ret > 0 ? ret2 : ret;
>  }
>  
> diff --git a/fs/ext4/inode.c b/fs/ext4/inode.c
> index 0602a09..f8e78ce 100644
> --- a/fs/ext4/inode.c
> +++ b/fs/ext4/inode.c
> @@ -1327,6 +1327,8 @@ static void ext4_da_page_release_reservation(struct page *page,
>  struct mpage_da_data {
>  	struct inode *inode;
>  	struct writeback_control *wbc;
> +	handle_t *reserved_handle;	/* Handle reserved for conversion */
> +
>  	pgoff_t first_page;	/* The first page to write */
>  	pgoff_t next_page;	/* Current page to examine */
>  	pgoff_t last_page;	/* Last page to examine */
> @@ -1973,8 +1975,13 @@ static int mpage_map_one_extent(handle_t *handle, struct mpage_da_data *mpd)
>  	err = ext4_map_blocks(handle, inode, map, get_blocks_flags);
>  	if (err < 0)
>  		return err;
> -	if (map->m_flags & EXT4_MAP_UNINIT)
> +	if (map->m_flags & EXT4_MAP_UNINIT) {
> +		if (!mpd->io_submit.io_end->handle) {
> +			mpd->io_submit.io_end->handle = mpd->reserved_handle;
> +			mpd->reserved_handle = NULL;
> +		}
>  		ext4_set_io_unwritten_flag(inode, mpd->io_submit.io_end);
> +	}
>  
>  	BUG_ON(map->m_len == 0);
>  	if (map->m_flags & EXT4_MAP_NEW) {
> @@ -2274,6 +2281,7 @@ static int ext4_da_writepages(struct address_space *mapping,
>  
>  	mpd.inode = inode;
>  	mpd.wbc = wbc;
> +	mpd.reserved_handle = NULL;
>  	ext4_io_submit_init(&mpd.io_submit, wbc);
>  retry:
>  	if (wbc->sync_mode == WB_SYNC_ALL || wbc->tagged_writepages)
> @@ -2288,6 +2296,23 @@ retry:
>  			break;
>  		}
>  
> +		/* Reserve handle if it may be needed for extent conversion */
> +		if (ext4_should_dioread_nolock(inode) && !mpd.reserved_handle) {
> +			/*
> +			 * We may need to convert upto one extent per block in
> +			 * the page and we may dirty the inode.
> +			 */
> +			mpd.reserved_handle = ext4_journal_reserve(inode,
> +				EXT4_HT_EXT_CONVERT,
> +				1 + (PAGE_CACHE_SIZE >> inode->i_blkbits));
> +			if (IS_ERR(mpd.reserved_handle)) {
> +				ret = PTR_ERR(mpd.reserved_handle);
> +				mpd.reserved_handle = NULL;
> +				ext4_put_io_end(mpd.io_submit.io_end);
> +				break;
> +			}
> +		}
> +
>  		/*
>  		 * We have two constraints: We find one extent to map and we
>  		 * must always write out whole page (makes a difference when
> @@ -2364,6 +2389,9 @@ retry:
>  		 */
>  		mapping->writeback_index = mpd.first_page;
>  
> +	if (mpd.reserved_handle)
> +		ext4_journal_free_reserved(mpd.reserved_handle);
> +
>  out_writepages:
>  	trace_ext4_da_writepages_result(inode, wbc, ret,
>  					nr_to_write - wbc->nr_to_write);
> @@ -2977,7 +3005,7 @@ static ssize_t ext4_ext_direct_IO(int rw, struct kiocb *iocb,
>  		 * for non AIO case, since the IO is already
>  		 * completed, we could do the conversion right here
>  		 */
> -		err = ext4_convert_unwritten_extents(inode,
> +		err = ext4_convert_unwritten_extents(NULL, inode,
>  						     offset, ret);
>  		if (err < 0)
>  			ret = err;
> diff --git a/fs/ext4/page-io.c b/fs/ext4/page-io.c
> index cc59cd9..e8ee4da 100644
> --- a/fs/ext4/page-io.c
> +++ b/fs/ext4/page-io.c
> @@ -55,6 +55,7 @@ static void ext4_release_io_end(ext4_io_end_t *io_end)
>  {
>  	BUG_ON(!list_empty(&io_end->list));
>  	BUG_ON(io_end->flag & EXT4_IO_END_UNWRITTEN);
> +	WARN_ON(io_end->handle);
>  
>  	if (atomic_dec_and_test(&EXT4_I(io_end->inode)->i_ioend_count))
>  		wake_up_all(ext4_ioend_wq(io_end->inode));
> @@ -81,13 +82,15 @@ static int ext4_end_io(ext4_io_end_t *io)
>  	struct inode *inode = io->inode;
>  	loff_t offset = io->offset;
>  	ssize_t size = io->size;
> +	handle_t *handle = io->handle;
>  	int ret = 0;
>  
>  	ext4_debug("ext4_end_io_nolock: io 0x%p from inode %lu,list->next 0x%p,"
>  		   "list->prev 0x%p\n",
>  		   io, inode->i_ino, io->list.next, io->list.prev);
>  
> -	ret = ext4_convert_unwritten_extents(inode, offset, size);
> +	io->handle = NULL;	/* Following call will use up the handle */
> +	ret = ext4_convert_unwritten_extents(handle, inode, offset, size);
>  	if (ret < 0) {
>  		ext4_msg(inode->i_sb, KERN_EMERG,
>  			 "failed to convert unwritten extents to written "
> @@ -217,8 +220,10 @@ int ext4_put_io_end(ext4_io_end_t *io_end)
>  
>  	if (atomic_dec_and_test(&io_end->count)) {
>  		if (io_end->flag & EXT4_IO_END_UNWRITTEN) {
> -			err = ext4_convert_unwritten_extents(io_end->inode,
> -						io_end->offset, io_end->size);
> +			err = ext4_convert_unwritten_extents(io_end->handle,
> +						io_end->inode, io_end->offset,
> +						io_end->size);
> +			io_end->handle = NULL;
>  			ext4_clear_io_unwritten_flag(io_end);
>  		}
>  		ext4_release_io_end(io_end);
> -- 
> 1.7.1
> 
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Patch

diff --git a/fs/ext4/ext4.h b/fs/ext4/ext4.h
index 3c3827a..65adf0d 100644
--- a/fs/ext4/ext4.h
+++ b/fs/ext4/ext4.h
@@ -182,10 +182,13 @@  struct ext4_map_blocks {
 #define EXT4_IO_END_DIRECT	0x0004
 
 /*
- * For converting uninitialized extents on a work queue.
+ * For converting uninitialized extents on a work queue. 'handle' is used for
+ * buffered writeback.
  */
 typedef struct ext4_io_end {
 	struct list_head	list;		/* per-file finished IO list */
+	handle_t		*handle;	/* handle reserved for extent
+						 * conversion */
 	struct inode		*inode;		/* file being written to */
 	unsigned int		flag;		/* unwritten or not */
 	loff_t			offset;		/* offset in the file */
@@ -1314,6 +1317,9 @@  static inline void ext4_set_io_unwritten_flag(struct inode *inode,
 					      struct ext4_io_end *io_end)
 {
 	if (!(io_end->flag & EXT4_IO_END_UNWRITTEN)) {
+		/* Writeback has to have coversion transaction reserved */
+		WARN_ON(!io_end->handle &&
+			!(io_end->flag & EXT4_IO_END_DIRECT));
 		io_end->flag |= EXT4_IO_END_UNWRITTEN;
 		atomic_inc(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_unwritten);
 	}
@@ -2550,8 +2556,8 @@  extern void ext4_ext_init(struct super_block *);
 extern void ext4_ext_release(struct super_block *);
 extern long ext4_fallocate(struct file *file, int mode, loff_t offset,
 			  loff_t len);
-extern int ext4_convert_unwritten_extents(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset,
-			  ssize_t len);
+extern int ext4_convert_unwritten_extents(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode,
+					  loff_t offset, ssize_t len);
 extern int ext4_map_blocks(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode,
 			   struct ext4_map_blocks *map, int flags);
 extern int ext4_ext_calc_metadata_amount(struct inode *inode,
diff --git a/fs/ext4/ext4_jbd2.h b/fs/ext4/ext4_jbd2.h
index bb17931..88e95d7 100644
--- a/fs/ext4/ext4_jbd2.h
+++ b/fs/ext4/ext4_jbd2.h
@@ -132,7 +132,8 @@  static inline int ext4_jbd2_credits_xattr(struct inode *inode)
 #define EXT4_HT_MIGRATE          8
 #define EXT4_HT_MOVE_EXTENTS     9
 #define EXT4_HT_XATTR           10
-#define EXT4_HT_MAX             11
+#define EXT4_HT_EXT_CONVERT     11
+#define EXT4_HT_MAX             12
 
 /**
  *   struct ext4_journal_cb_entry - Base structure for callback information.
diff --git a/fs/ext4/extents.c b/fs/ext4/extents.c
index 8064b71..ae22735 100644
--- a/fs/ext4/extents.c
+++ b/fs/ext4/extents.c
@@ -4484,10 +4484,9 @@  retry:
  * function, to convert the fallocated extents after IO is completed.
  * Returns 0 on success.
  */
-int ext4_convert_unwritten_extents(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset,
-				    ssize_t len)
+int ext4_convert_unwritten_extents(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode,
+				   loff_t offset, ssize_t len)
 {
-	handle_t *handle;
 	unsigned int max_blocks;
 	int ret = 0;
 	int ret2 = 0;
@@ -4502,16 +4501,31 @@  int ext4_convert_unwritten_extents(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset,
 	max_blocks = ((EXT4_BLOCK_ALIGN(len + offset, blkbits) >> blkbits) -
 		      map.m_lblk);
 	/*
-	 * credits to insert 1 extent into extent tree
+	 * This is somewhat ugly but the idea is clear: When transaction is
+	 * reserved, everything goes into it. Otherwise we rather start several
+	 * smaller transactions for conversion of each extent separately.
 	 */
-	credits = ext4_chunk_trans_blocks(inode, max_blocks);
+	if (handle) {
+		handle = ext4_journal_start_reserved(handle);
+		if (IS_ERR(handle))
+			return PTR_ERR(handle);
+		credits = 0;
+	} else {
+		/*
+		 * credits to insert 1 extent into extent tree
+		 */
+		credits = ext4_chunk_trans_blocks(inode, max_blocks);
+	}
 	while (ret >= 0 && ret < max_blocks) {
 		map.m_lblk += ret;
 		map.m_len = (max_blocks -= ret);
-		handle = ext4_journal_start(inode, EXT4_HT_MAP_BLOCKS, credits);
-		if (IS_ERR(handle)) {
-			ret = PTR_ERR(handle);
-			break;
+		if (credits) {
+			handle = ext4_journal_start(inode, EXT4_HT_MAP_BLOCKS,
+						    credits);
+			if (IS_ERR(handle)) {
+				ret = PTR_ERR(handle);
+				break;
+			}
 		}
 		ret = ext4_map_blocks(handle, inode, &map,
 				      EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_IO_CONVERT_EXT);
@@ -4522,10 +4536,13 @@  int ext4_convert_unwritten_extents(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset,
 				     inode->i_ino, map.m_lblk,
 				     map.m_len, ret);
 		ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode);
-		ret2 = ext4_journal_stop(handle);
-		if (ret <= 0 || ret2 )
+		if (credits)
+			ret2 = ext4_journal_stop(handle);
+		if (ret <= 0 || ret2)
 			break;
 	}
+	if (!credits)
+		ret2 = ext4_journal_stop(handle);
 	return ret > 0 ? ret2 : ret;
 }
 
diff --git a/fs/ext4/inode.c b/fs/ext4/inode.c
index 0602a09..f8e78ce 100644
--- a/fs/ext4/inode.c
+++ b/fs/ext4/inode.c
@@ -1327,6 +1327,8 @@  static void ext4_da_page_release_reservation(struct page *page,
 struct mpage_da_data {
 	struct inode *inode;
 	struct writeback_control *wbc;
+	handle_t *reserved_handle;	/* Handle reserved for conversion */
+
 	pgoff_t first_page;	/* The first page to write */
 	pgoff_t next_page;	/* Current page to examine */
 	pgoff_t last_page;	/* Last page to examine */
@@ -1973,8 +1975,13 @@  static int mpage_map_one_extent(handle_t *handle, struct mpage_da_data *mpd)
 	err = ext4_map_blocks(handle, inode, map, get_blocks_flags);
 	if (err < 0)
 		return err;
-	if (map->m_flags & EXT4_MAP_UNINIT)
+	if (map->m_flags & EXT4_MAP_UNINIT) {
+		if (!mpd->io_submit.io_end->handle) {
+			mpd->io_submit.io_end->handle = mpd->reserved_handle;
+			mpd->reserved_handle = NULL;
+		}
 		ext4_set_io_unwritten_flag(inode, mpd->io_submit.io_end);
+	}
 
 	BUG_ON(map->m_len == 0);
 	if (map->m_flags & EXT4_MAP_NEW) {
@@ -2274,6 +2281,7 @@  static int ext4_da_writepages(struct address_space *mapping,
 
 	mpd.inode = inode;
 	mpd.wbc = wbc;
+	mpd.reserved_handle = NULL;
 	ext4_io_submit_init(&mpd.io_submit, wbc);
 retry:
 	if (wbc->sync_mode == WB_SYNC_ALL || wbc->tagged_writepages)
@@ -2288,6 +2296,23 @@  retry:
 			break;
 		}
 
+		/* Reserve handle if it may be needed for extent conversion */
+		if (ext4_should_dioread_nolock(inode) && !mpd.reserved_handle) {
+			/*
+			 * We may need to convert upto one extent per block in
+			 * the page and we may dirty the inode.
+			 */
+			mpd.reserved_handle = ext4_journal_reserve(inode,
+				EXT4_HT_EXT_CONVERT,
+				1 + (PAGE_CACHE_SIZE >> inode->i_blkbits));
+			if (IS_ERR(mpd.reserved_handle)) {
+				ret = PTR_ERR(mpd.reserved_handle);
+				mpd.reserved_handle = NULL;
+				ext4_put_io_end(mpd.io_submit.io_end);
+				break;
+			}
+		}
+
 		/*
 		 * We have two constraints: We find one extent to map and we
 		 * must always write out whole page (makes a difference when
@@ -2364,6 +2389,9 @@  retry:
 		 */
 		mapping->writeback_index = mpd.first_page;
 
+	if (mpd.reserved_handle)
+		ext4_journal_free_reserved(mpd.reserved_handle);
+
 out_writepages:
 	trace_ext4_da_writepages_result(inode, wbc, ret,
 					nr_to_write - wbc->nr_to_write);
@@ -2977,7 +3005,7 @@  static ssize_t ext4_ext_direct_IO(int rw, struct kiocb *iocb,
 		 * for non AIO case, since the IO is already
 		 * completed, we could do the conversion right here
 		 */
-		err = ext4_convert_unwritten_extents(inode,
+		err = ext4_convert_unwritten_extents(NULL, inode,
 						     offset, ret);
 		if (err < 0)
 			ret = err;
diff --git a/fs/ext4/page-io.c b/fs/ext4/page-io.c
index cc59cd9..e8ee4da 100644
--- a/fs/ext4/page-io.c
+++ b/fs/ext4/page-io.c
@@ -55,6 +55,7 @@  static void ext4_release_io_end(ext4_io_end_t *io_end)
 {
 	BUG_ON(!list_empty(&io_end->list));
 	BUG_ON(io_end->flag & EXT4_IO_END_UNWRITTEN);
+	WARN_ON(io_end->handle);
 
 	if (atomic_dec_and_test(&EXT4_I(io_end->inode)->i_ioend_count))
 		wake_up_all(ext4_ioend_wq(io_end->inode));
@@ -81,13 +82,15 @@  static int ext4_end_io(ext4_io_end_t *io)
 	struct inode *inode = io->inode;
 	loff_t offset = io->offset;
 	ssize_t size = io->size;
+	handle_t *handle = io->handle;
 	int ret = 0;
 
 	ext4_debug("ext4_end_io_nolock: io 0x%p from inode %lu,list->next 0x%p,"
 		   "list->prev 0x%p\n",
 		   io, inode->i_ino, io->list.next, io->list.prev);
 
-	ret = ext4_convert_unwritten_extents(inode, offset, size);
+	io->handle = NULL;	/* Following call will use up the handle */
+	ret = ext4_convert_unwritten_extents(handle, inode, offset, size);
 	if (ret < 0) {
 		ext4_msg(inode->i_sb, KERN_EMERG,
 			 "failed to convert unwritten extents to written "
@@ -217,8 +220,10 @@  int ext4_put_io_end(ext4_io_end_t *io_end)
 
 	if (atomic_dec_and_test(&io_end->count)) {
 		if (io_end->flag & EXT4_IO_END_UNWRITTEN) {
-			err = ext4_convert_unwritten_extents(io_end->inode,
-						io_end->offset, io_end->size);
+			err = ext4_convert_unwritten_extents(io_end->handle,
+						io_end->inode, io_end->offset,
+						io_end->size);
+			io_end->handle = NULL;
 			ext4_clear_io_unwritten_flag(io_end);
 		}
 		ext4_release_io_end(io_end);