Patchwork [1/2] Add an implementation of a TPM TIS driver

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Submitter Corey Bryant
Date March 26, 2013, 2:14 p.m.
Message ID <1364307295-518-2-git-send-email-coreyb@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/231224/
State New
Headers show

Comments

Corey Bryant - March 26, 2013, 2:14 p.m.
This patch adds an implementation of a TPM TIS driver for the TPM TIS
emulation supported by QEMU (patches for passthrough vTPM are upstream in QEMU).
Usage of the driver is broken up into several functions. The driver is cleanly
separated from the rest of the code through an interface holding pointers to the
driver's functions. A client using this driver first probes whether the TPM TIS
interface is available (probe function) and then invokes the interface
functions to initialize the interface and send requests and receive responses.

Possible future extensions *could* include a virtio interface for the TPM
with a corresponding driver here.

Signed-off-by: Stefan Berger <stefanb@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Corey Bryant <coreyb@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
---
Version history from prior patch submission:

v7:
  - moving declaration of tpm_drivers[] into tpm_drivers.h

v6:
  - reworked timeouts; not hardcoded anymore

v5:
  - introducing a configurable threashold as part of the driver interface
    structure below which the TPM is used for calculating the sha1

v2:
  - adapted tpm_drivers.c to be under LGPLv3
---
 src/tpm_drivers.c |  258 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 src/tpm_drivers.h |   90 +++++++++++++++++++
 2 files changed, 348 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 src/tpm_drivers.c
 create mode 100644 src/tpm_drivers.h

Patch

diff --git a/src/tpm_drivers.c b/src/tpm_drivers.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..edf192d
--- /dev/null
+++ b/src/tpm_drivers.c
@@ -0,0 +1,258 @@ 
+// Implementation of a TPM driver for the TPM TIS interface
+//
+// Copyright (C) 2006-2013 IBM Corporation
+//
+// Authors:
+//     Stefan Berger <stefanb@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
+//
+// This file may be distributed under the terms of the GNU LGPLv3 license.
+
+#include "config.h"
+#include "util.h"
+#include "tpm_drivers.h"
+#include "tcgbios.h"
+
+static u32 tis_default_timeouts[4] = {
+    TIS_DEFAULT_TIMEOUT_A,
+    TIS_DEFAULT_TIMEOUT_B,
+    TIS_DEFAULT_TIMEOUT_C,
+    TIS_DEFAULT_TIMEOUT_D,
+};
+
+static u32 tpm_default_durations[3] = {
+    TPM_DEFAULT_DURATION_SHORT,
+    TPM_DEFAULT_DURATION_MEDIUM,
+    TPM_DEFAULT_DURATION_LONG,
+};
+
+
+/* if device is not there, return '0', '1' otherwise */
+static u32 tis_probe(void)
+{
+    u32 rc = 0;
+    u32 didvid = readl(TIS_REG(0, TIS_REG_DID_VID));
+
+    if ((didvid != 0) && (didvid != 0xffffffff))
+        rc = 1;
+
+    return rc;
+}
+
+static u32 tis_init(void)
+{
+    writeb(TIS_REG(0, TIS_REG_INT_ENABLE), 0);
+
+    if (tpm_drivers[TIS_DRIVER_IDX].durations == NULL) {
+        u32 *durations = malloc_low(sizeof(tpm_default_durations));
+        if (durations)
+            memcpy(durations, tpm_default_durations,
+                   sizeof(tpm_default_durations));
+        else
+            durations = tpm_default_durations;
+        tpm_drivers[TIS_DRIVER_IDX].durations = durations;
+    }
+
+    if (tpm_drivers[TIS_DRIVER_IDX].timeouts == NULL) {
+        u32 *timeouts = malloc_low(sizeof(tis_default_timeouts));
+        if (timeouts)
+            memcpy(timeouts, tis_default_timeouts,
+                   sizeof(tis_default_timeouts));
+        else
+            timeouts = tis_default_timeouts;
+        tpm_drivers[TIS_DRIVER_IDX].timeouts = timeouts;
+    }
+
+    return 1;
+}
+
+
+static void set_timeouts(u32 timeouts[4], u32 durations[3])
+{
+    u32 *tos = tpm_drivers[TIS_DRIVER_IDX].timeouts;
+    u32 *dus = tpm_drivers[TIS_DRIVER_IDX].durations;
+
+    if (tos && tos != tis_default_timeouts && timeouts)
+        memcpy(tos, timeouts, 4 * sizeof(u32));
+    if (dus && dus != tpm_default_durations && durations)
+        memcpy(dus, durations, 3 * sizeof(u32));
+}
+
+
+static u32 tis_wait_sts(u8 locty, u32 time, u8 mask, u8 expect)
+{
+    u32 rc = 1;
+
+    while (time > 0) {
+        u8 sts = readb(TIS_REG(locty, TIS_REG_STS));
+        if ((sts & mask) == expect) {
+            rc = 0;
+            break;
+        }
+        msleep(1);
+        time--;
+    }
+    return rc;
+}
+
+static u32 tis_activate(u8 locty)
+{
+    u32 rc = 0;
+    u8 acc;
+    int l;
+    u32 timeout_a = tpm_drivers[TIS_DRIVER_IDX].timeouts[TIS_TIMEOUT_TYPE_A];
+
+    if (!(readb(TIS_REG(locty, TIS_REG_ACCESS)) &
+          TIS_ACCESS_ACTIVE_LOCALITY)) {
+        /* release locality in use top-downwards */
+        for (l = 4; l >= 0; l--)
+            writeb(TIS_REG(l, TIS_REG_ACCESS),
+                   TIS_ACCESS_ACTIVE_LOCALITY);
+    }
+
+    /* request access to locality */
+    writeb(TIS_REG(locty, TIS_REG_ACCESS), TIS_ACCESS_REQUEST_USE);
+
+    acc = readb(TIS_REG(locty, TIS_REG_ACCESS));
+    if ((acc & TIS_ACCESS_ACTIVE_LOCALITY)) {
+        writeb(TIS_REG(locty, TIS_REG_STS), TIS_STS_COMMAND_READY);
+        rc = tis_wait_sts(locty, timeout_a,
+                          TIS_STS_COMMAND_READY, TIS_STS_COMMAND_READY);
+    }
+
+    return rc;
+}
+
+static u32 tis_find_active_locality(void)
+{
+    u8 locty;
+
+    for (locty = 0; locty <= 4; locty++) {
+        if ((readb(TIS_REG(locty, TIS_REG_ACCESS)) &
+             TIS_ACCESS_ACTIVE_LOCALITY))
+            return locty;
+    }
+
+    tis_activate(0);
+
+    return 0;
+}
+
+static u32 tis_ready(void)
+{
+    u32 rc = 0;
+    u8 locty = tis_find_active_locality();
+    u32 timeout_b = tpm_drivers[TIS_DRIVER_IDX].timeouts[TIS_TIMEOUT_TYPE_B];
+
+    writeb(TIS_REG(locty, TIS_REG_STS), TIS_STS_COMMAND_READY);
+    rc = tis_wait_sts(locty, timeout_b,
+                      TIS_STS_COMMAND_READY, TIS_STS_COMMAND_READY);
+
+    return rc;
+}
+
+static u32 tis_senddata(const u8 *const data, u32 len)
+{
+    u32 rc = 0;
+    u32 offset = 0;
+    u32 end = 0;
+    u16 burst = 0;
+    u32 ctr = 0;
+    u8 locty = tis_find_active_locality();
+    u32 timeout_d = tpm_drivers[TIS_DRIVER_IDX].timeouts[TIS_TIMEOUT_TYPE_D];
+
+    do {
+        while (burst == 0 && ctr < timeout_d) {
+               burst = readl(TIS_REG(locty, TIS_REG_STS)) >> 8;
+            if (burst == 0) {
+                msleep(1);
+                ctr++;
+            }
+        }
+
+        if (burst == 0) {
+            rc = TCG_RESPONSE_TIMEOUT;
+            break;
+        }
+
+        while (1) {
+            writeb(TIS_REG(locty, TIS_REG_DATA_FIFO), data[offset++]);
+            burst--;
+
+            if (burst == 0 || offset == len)
+                break;
+        }
+
+        if (offset == len)
+            end = 1;
+    } while (end == 0);
+
+    return rc;
+}
+
+static u32 tis_readresp(u8 *buffer, u32 *len)
+{
+    u32 rc = 0;
+    u32 offset = 0;
+    u32 sts;
+    u8 locty = tis_find_active_locality();
+
+    while (offset < *len) {
+        buffer[offset] = readb(TIS_REG(locty, TIS_REG_DATA_FIFO));
+        offset++;
+        sts = readb(TIS_REG(locty, TIS_REG_STS));
+        /* data left ? */
+        if ((sts & TIS_STS_DATA_AVAILABLE) == 0)
+            break;
+    }
+
+    *len = offset;
+
+    return rc;
+}
+
+
+static u32 tis_waitdatavalid(void)
+{
+    u32 rc = 0;
+    u8 locty = tis_find_active_locality();
+    u32 timeout_c = tpm_drivers[TIS_DRIVER_IDX].timeouts[TIS_TIMEOUT_TYPE_C];
+
+    if (tis_wait_sts(locty, timeout_c, TIS_STS_VALID, TIS_STS_VALID) != 0)
+        rc = TCG_NO_RESPONSE;
+
+    return rc;
+}
+
+static u32 tis_waitrespready(enum tpmDurationType to_t)
+{
+    u32 rc = 0;
+    u8 locty = tis_find_active_locality();
+    u32 timeout = tpm_drivers[TIS_DRIVER_IDX].durations[to_t];
+
+    writeb(TIS_REG(locty ,TIS_REG_STS), TIS_STS_TPM_GO);
+
+    if (tis_wait_sts(locty, timeout,
+                     TIS_STS_DATA_AVAILABLE, TIS_STS_DATA_AVAILABLE) != 0)
+        rc = TCG_NO_RESPONSE;
+
+    return rc;
+}
+
+
+struct tpm_driver tpm_drivers[TPM_NUM_DRIVERS] = {
+    [TIS_DRIVER_IDX] =
+        {
+            .timeouts      = NULL,
+            .durations     = NULL,
+            .set_timeouts  = set_timeouts,
+            .probe         = tis_probe,
+            .init          = tis_init,
+            .activate      = tis_activate,
+            .ready         = tis_ready,
+            .senddata      = tis_senddata,
+            .readresp      = tis_readresp,
+            .waitdatavalid = tis_waitdatavalid,
+            .waitrespready = tis_waitrespready,
+            .sha1threshold = 100 * 1024,
+        },
+};
diff --git a/src/tpm_drivers.h b/src/tpm_drivers.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..34bb12d
--- /dev/null
+++ b/src/tpm_drivers.h
@@ -0,0 +1,90 @@ 
+#ifndef TPM_DRIVERS_H
+#define TPM_DRIVERS_H
+
+#include "types.h" // u32
+
+
+enum tpmDurationType {
+    TPM_DURATION_TYPE_SHORT = 0,
+    TPM_DURATION_TYPE_MEDIUM,
+    TPM_DURATION_TYPE_LONG,
+};
+
+/* low level driver implementation */
+struct tpm_driver {
+    u32 *timeouts;
+    u32 *durations;
+    void (*set_timeouts)(u32 timeouts[4], u32 durations[3]);
+    u32 (*probe)(void);
+    u32 (*init)(void);
+    u32 (*activate)(u8 locty);
+    u32 (*ready)(void);
+    u32 (*senddata)(const u8 *const data, u32 len);
+    u32 (*readresp)(u8 *buffer, u32 *len);
+    u32 (*waitdatavalid)(void);
+    u32 (*waitrespready)(enum tpmDurationType to_t);
+    /* the TPM will be used for buffers of sizes below the sha1threshold
+       for calculating the hash */
+    u32 sha1threshold;
+};
+
+extern struct tpm_driver tpm_drivers[];
+
+
+#define TIS_DRIVER_IDX       0
+#define TPM_NUM_DRIVERS      1
+
+#define TPM_INVALID_DRIVER  -1
+
+/* TIS driver */
+/* address of locality 0 (TIS) */
+#define TPM_TIS_BASE_ADDRESS        0xfed40000
+
+#define TIS_REG(LOCTY, REG) \
+    (void *)(TPM_TIS_BASE_ADDRESS + (LOCTY << 12) + REG)
+
+/* hardware registers */
+#define TIS_REG_ACCESS                 0x0
+#define TIS_REG_INT_ENABLE             0x8
+#define TIS_REG_INT_VECTOR             0xc
+#define TIS_REG_INT_STATUS             0x10
+#define TIS_REG_INTF_CAPABILITY        0x14
+#define TIS_REG_STS                    0x18
+#define TIS_REG_DATA_FIFO              0x24
+#define TIS_REG_DID_VID                0xf00
+#define TIS_REG_RID                    0xf04
+
+#define TIS_STS_VALID                  (1 << 7) /* 0x80 */
+#define TIS_STS_COMMAND_READY          (1 << 6) /* 0x40 */
+#define TIS_STS_TPM_GO                 (1 << 5) /* 0x20 */
+#define TIS_STS_DATA_AVAILABLE         (1 << 4) /* 0x10 */
+#define TIS_STS_EXPECT                 (1 << 3) /* 0x08 */
+#define TIS_STS_RESPONSE_RETRY         (1 << 1) /* 0x02 */
+
+#define TIS_ACCESS_TPM_REG_VALID_STS   (1 << 7) /* 0x80 */
+#define TIS_ACCESS_ACTIVE_LOCALITY     (1 << 5) /* 0x20 */
+#define TIS_ACCESS_BEEN_SEIZED         (1 << 4) /* 0x10 */
+#define TIS_ACCESS_SEIZE               (1 << 3) /* 0x08 */
+#define TIS_ACCESS_PENDING_REQUEST     (1 << 2) /* 0x04 */
+#define TIS_ACCESS_REQUEST_USE         (1 << 1) /* 0x02 */
+#define TIS_ACCESS_TPM_ESTABLISHMENT   (1 << 0) /* 0x01 */
+
+#define SCALER 10
+
+#define TIS_DEFAULT_TIMEOUT_A          (750  * SCALER)
+#define TIS_DEFAULT_TIMEOUT_B          (2000 * SCALER)
+#define TIS_DEFAULT_TIMEOUT_C          (750  * SCALER)
+#define TIS_DEFAULT_TIMEOUT_D          (750  * SCALER)
+
+enum tisTimeoutType {
+    TIS_TIMEOUT_TYPE_A = 0,
+    TIS_TIMEOUT_TYPE_B,
+    TIS_TIMEOUT_TYPE_C,
+    TIS_TIMEOUT_TYPE_D,
+};
+
+#define TPM_DEFAULT_DURATION_SHORT     (2000  * SCALER)
+#define TPM_DEFAULT_DURATION_MEDIUM    (20000 * SCALER)
+#define TPM_DEFAULT_DURATION_LONG      (60000 * SCALER)
+
+#endif /* TPM_DRIVERS_H */