Patchwork [7/9] mtd: TXx9 SoC NAND Flash Memory Controller driver

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Submitter Andrew Morton
Date Feb. 11, 2009, 9:27 p.m.
Message ID <200902112127.n1BLR5uj031250@imap1.linux-foundation.org>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/22946/
State New, archived
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Andrew Morton - Feb. 11, 2009, 9:27 p.m.
From: Atsushi Nemoto <anemo@mba.ocn.ne.jp>

This patch adds support for the integrated NAND flash controller of the
TXx9 family.

Once upon a time there were tx4925ndfmc and tx4938ndfmc driver.  They
were removed due to bitrot in 2005.
This new driver is completely rewritten based on a driver in CELF patch
archive.

Signed-off-by: Atsushi Nemoto <anemo@mba.ocn.ne.jp>
Cc: David Woodhouse <dwmw2@infradead.org>
Cc: Ralf Baechle <ralf@linux-mips.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
---

 drivers/mtd/nand/Kconfig     |    6 
 drivers/mtd/nand/Makefile    |    1 
 drivers/mtd/nand/txx9ndfmc.c |  428 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 3 files changed, 435 insertions(+)

Patch

diff -puN drivers/mtd/nand/Kconfig~mtd-txx9-soc-nand-flash-memory-controller-driver drivers/mtd/nand/Kconfig
--- a/drivers/mtd/nand/Kconfig~mtd-txx9-soc-nand-flash-memory-controller-driver
+++ a/drivers/mtd/nand/Kconfig
@@ -427,4 +427,10 @@  config MTD_NAND_SH_FLCTL
 	  Several Renesas SuperH CPU has FLCTL. This option enables support
 	  for NAND Flash using FLCTL. This driver support SH7723.
 
+config MTD_NAND_TXX9NDFMC
+	tristate "NAND Flash support for TXx9 SoC"
+	depends on SOC_TX4938 || SOC_TX4939
+	help
+	  This enables the NAND flash controller on the TXx9 SoCs.
+
 endif # MTD_NAND
diff -puN drivers/mtd/nand/Makefile~mtd-txx9-soc-nand-flash-memory-controller-driver drivers/mtd/nand/Makefile
--- a/drivers/mtd/nand/Makefile~mtd-txx9-soc-nand-flash-memory-controller-driver
+++ a/drivers/mtd/nand/Makefile
@@ -36,5 +36,6 @@  obj-$(CONFIG_MTD_NAND_FSL_ELBC)		+= fsl_
 obj-$(CONFIG_MTD_NAND_FSL_UPM)		+= fsl_upm.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_MTD_NAND_SH_FLCTL)		+= sh_flctl.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_MTD_NAND_MXC)		+= mxc_nand.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_MTD_NAND_TXX9NDFMC)	+= txx9ndfmc.o
 
 nand-objs := nand_base.o nand_bbt.o
diff -puN /dev/null drivers/mtd/nand/txx9ndfmc.c
--- /dev/null
+++ a/drivers/mtd/nand/txx9ndfmc.c
@@ -0,0 +1,428 @@ 
+/*
+ * TXx9 NAND flash memory controller driver
+ * Based on RBTX49xx patch from CELF patch archive.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * (C) Copyright TOSHIBA CORPORATION 2004-2007
+ * All Rights Reserved.
+ */
+#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/platform_device.h>
+#include <linux/delay.h>
+#include <linux/mtd/mtd.h>
+#include <linux/mtd/nand.h>
+#include <linux/mtd/nand_ecc.h>
+#include <linux/mtd/partitions.h>
+#include <linux/io.h>
+#include <asm/txx9/ndfmc.h>
+
+/* TXX9 NDFMC Registers */
+#define TXX9_NDFDTR	0x00
+#define TXX9_NDFMCR	0x04
+#define TXX9_NDFSR	0x08
+#define TXX9_NDFISR	0x0c
+#define TXX9_NDFIMR	0x10
+#define TXX9_NDFSPR	0x14
+#define TXX9_NDFRSTR	0x18	/* not TX4939 */
+
+/* NDFMCR : NDFMC Mode Control */
+#define TXX9_NDFMCR_WE	0x80
+#define TXX9_NDFMCR_ECC_ALL	0x60
+#define TXX9_NDFMCR_ECC_RESET	0x60
+#define TXX9_NDFMCR_ECC_READ	0x40
+#define TXX9_NDFMCR_ECC_ON	0x20
+#define TXX9_NDFMCR_ECC_OFF	0x00
+#define TXX9_NDFMCR_CE	0x10
+#define TXX9_NDFMCR_BSPRT	0x04	/* TX4925/TX4926 only */
+#define TXX9_NDFMCR_ALE	0x02
+#define TXX9_NDFMCR_CLE	0x01
+/* TX4939 only */
+#define TXX9_NDFMCR_X16	0x0400
+#define TXX9_NDFMCR_DMAREQ_MASK	0x0300
+#define TXX9_NDFMCR_DMAREQ_NODMA	0x0000
+#define TXX9_NDFMCR_DMAREQ_128	0x0100
+#define TXX9_NDFMCR_DMAREQ_256	0x0200
+#define TXX9_NDFMCR_DMAREQ_512	0x0300
+#define TXX9_NDFMCR_CS_MASK	0x0c
+#define TXX9_NDFMCR_CS(ch)	((ch) << 2)
+
+/* NDFMCR : NDFMC Status */
+#define TXX9_NDFSR_BUSY	0x80
+/* TX4939 only */
+#define TXX9_NDFSR_DMARUN	0x40
+
+/* NDFMCR : NDFMC Reset */
+#define TXX9_NDFRSTR_RST	0x01
+
+struct txx9ndfmc_priv {
+	struct platform_device *dev;
+	struct nand_chip chip;
+	struct mtd_info mtd;
+	int cs;
+	char mtdname[BUS_ID_SIZE + 2];
+};
+
+#define MAX_TXX9NDFMC_DEV	4
+struct txx9ndfmc_drvdata {
+	struct mtd_info *mtds[MAX_TXX9NDFMC_DEV];
+	void __iomem *base;
+	unsigned char hold;	/* in gbusclock */
+	unsigned char spw;	/* in gbusclock */
+	struct nand_hw_control hw_control;
+#ifdef CONFIG_MTD_PARTITIONS
+	struct mtd_partition *parts[MAX_TXX9NDFMC_DEV];
+#endif
+};
+
+static struct platform_device *mtd_to_platdev(struct mtd_info *mtd)
+{
+	struct nand_chip *chip = mtd->priv;
+	struct txx9ndfmc_priv *txx9_priv = chip->priv;
+	return txx9_priv->dev;
+}
+
+static void __iomem *ndregaddr(struct platform_device *dev, unsigned int reg)
+{
+	struct txx9ndfmc_drvdata *drvdata = platform_get_drvdata(dev);
+	struct txx9ndfmc_platform_data *plat = dev->dev.platform_data;
+
+	return drvdata->base + (reg << plat->shift);
+}
+
+static u32 txx9ndfmc_read(struct platform_device *dev, unsigned int reg)
+{
+	return __raw_readl(ndregaddr(dev, reg));
+}
+
+static void txx9ndfmc_write(struct platform_device *dev,
+			    u32 val, unsigned int reg)
+{
+	__raw_writel(val, ndregaddr(dev, reg));
+}
+
+static uint8_t txx9ndfmc_read_byte(struct mtd_info *mtd)
+{
+	struct platform_device *dev = mtd_to_platdev(mtd);
+
+	return txx9ndfmc_read(dev, TXX9_NDFDTR);
+}
+
+static void txx9ndfmc_write_buf(struct mtd_info *mtd, const uint8_t *buf,
+				int len)
+{
+	struct platform_device *dev = mtd_to_platdev(mtd);
+	void __iomem *ndfdtr = ndregaddr(dev, TXX9_NDFDTR);
+	u32 mcr = txx9ndfmc_read(dev, TXX9_NDFMCR);
+
+	txx9ndfmc_write(dev, mcr | TXX9_NDFMCR_WE, TXX9_NDFMCR);
+	while (len--)
+		__raw_writel(*buf++, ndfdtr);
+	txx9ndfmc_write(dev, mcr, TXX9_NDFMCR);
+}
+
+static void txx9ndfmc_read_buf(struct mtd_info *mtd, uint8_t *buf, int len)
+{
+	struct platform_device *dev = mtd_to_platdev(mtd);
+	void __iomem *ndfdtr = ndregaddr(dev, TXX9_NDFDTR);
+
+	while (len--)
+		*buf++ = __raw_readl(ndfdtr);
+}
+
+static int txx9ndfmc_verify_buf(struct mtd_info *mtd, const uint8_t *buf,
+				int len)
+{
+	struct platform_device *dev = mtd_to_platdev(mtd);
+	void __iomem *ndfdtr = ndregaddr(dev, TXX9_NDFDTR);
+
+	while (len--)
+		if (*buf++ != (uint8_t)__raw_readl(ndfdtr))
+			return -EFAULT;
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static void txx9ndfmc_cmd_ctrl(struct mtd_info *mtd, int cmd,
+			       unsigned int ctrl)
+{
+	struct nand_chip *chip = mtd->priv;
+	struct txx9ndfmc_priv *txx9_priv = chip->priv;
+	struct platform_device *dev = txx9_priv->dev;
+	struct txx9ndfmc_platform_data *plat = dev->dev.platform_data;
+
+	if (ctrl & NAND_CTRL_CHANGE) {
+		u32 mcr = txx9ndfmc_read(dev, TXX9_NDFMCR);
+
+		mcr &= ~(TXX9_NDFMCR_CLE | TXX9_NDFMCR_ALE | TXX9_NDFMCR_CE);
+		mcr |= ctrl & NAND_CLE ? TXX9_NDFMCR_CLE : 0;
+		mcr |= ctrl & NAND_ALE ? TXX9_NDFMCR_ALE : 0;
+		/* TXX9_NDFMCR_CE bit is 0:high 1:low */
+		mcr |= ctrl & NAND_NCE ? TXX9_NDFMCR_CE : 0;
+		if (txx9_priv->cs >= 0 && (ctrl & NAND_NCE)) {
+			mcr &= ~TXX9_NDFMCR_CS_MASK;
+			mcr |= TXX9_NDFMCR_CS(txx9_priv->cs);
+		}
+		txx9ndfmc_write(dev, mcr, TXX9_NDFMCR);
+	}
+	if (cmd != NAND_CMD_NONE)
+		txx9ndfmc_write(dev, cmd & 0xff, TXX9_NDFDTR);
+	if (plat->flags & NDFMC_PLAT_FLAG_DUMMYWRITE) {
+		/* dummy write to update external latch */
+		if ((ctrl & NAND_CTRL_CHANGE) && cmd == NAND_CMD_NONE)
+			txx9ndfmc_write(dev, 0, TXX9_NDFDTR);
+	}
+	mmiowb();
+}
+
+static int txx9ndfmc_dev_ready(struct mtd_info *mtd)
+{
+	struct platform_device *dev = mtd_to_platdev(mtd);
+
+	return !(txx9ndfmc_read(dev, TXX9_NDFSR) & TXX9_NDFSR_BUSY);
+}
+
+static int txx9ndfmc_calculate_ecc(struct mtd_info *mtd, const uint8_t *dat,
+				   uint8_t *ecc_code)
+{
+	struct platform_device *dev = mtd_to_platdev(mtd);
+	u32 mcr = txx9ndfmc_read(dev, TXX9_NDFMCR);
+
+	mcr &= ~TXX9_NDFMCR_ECC_ALL;
+	txx9ndfmc_write(dev, mcr | TXX9_NDFMCR_ECC_OFF, TXX9_NDFMCR);
+	txx9ndfmc_write(dev, mcr | TXX9_NDFMCR_ECC_READ, TXX9_NDFMCR);
+	ecc_code[1] = txx9ndfmc_read(dev, TXX9_NDFDTR);
+	ecc_code[0] = txx9ndfmc_read(dev, TXX9_NDFDTR);
+	ecc_code[2] = txx9ndfmc_read(dev, TXX9_NDFDTR);
+	txx9ndfmc_write(dev, mcr | TXX9_NDFMCR_ECC_OFF, TXX9_NDFMCR);
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static void txx9ndfmc_enable_hwecc(struct mtd_info *mtd, int mode)
+{
+	struct platform_device *dev = mtd_to_platdev(mtd);
+	u32 mcr = txx9ndfmc_read(dev, TXX9_NDFMCR);
+
+	mcr &= ~TXX9_NDFMCR_ECC_ALL;
+	txx9ndfmc_write(dev, mcr | TXX9_NDFMCR_ECC_RESET, TXX9_NDFMCR);
+	txx9ndfmc_write(dev, mcr | TXX9_NDFMCR_ECC_OFF, TXX9_NDFMCR);
+	txx9ndfmc_write(dev, mcr | TXX9_NDFMCR_ECC_ON, TXX9_NDFMCR);
+}
+
+static void txx9ndfmc_initialize(struct platform_device *dev)
+{
+	struct txx9ndfmc_platform_data *plat = dev->dev.platform_data;
+	struct txx9ndfmc_drvdata *drvdata = platform_get_drvdata(dev);
+	int tmout = 100;
+
+	if (plat->flags & NDFMC_PLAT_FLAG_NO_RSTR)
+		; /* no NDFRSTR.  Write to NDFSPR resets the NDFMC. */
+	else {
+		/* reset NDFMC */
+		txx9ndfmc_write(dev,
+				txx9ndfmc_read(dev, TXX9_NDFRSTR) |
+				TXX9_NDFRSTR_RST,
+				TXX9_NDFRSTR);
+		while (txx9ndfmc_read(dev, TXX9_NDFRSTR) & TXX9_NDFRSTR_RST) {
+			if (--tmout == 0) {
+				dev_err(&dev->dev, "reset failed.\n");
+				break;
+			}
+			udelay(1);
+		}
+	}
+	/* setup Hold Time, Strobe Pulse Width */
+	txx9ndfmc_write(dev, (drvdata->hold << 4) | drvdata->spw, TXX9_NDFSPR);
+	txx9ndfmc_write(dev,
+			(plat->flags & NDFMC_PLAT_FLAG_USE_BSPRT) ?
+			TXX9_NDFMCR_BSPRT : 0, TXX9_NDFMCR);
+}
+
+#define TXX9NDFMC_NS_TO_CYC(gbusclk, ns) \
+	DIV_ROUND_UP((ns) * DIV_ROUND_UP(gbusclk, 1000), 1000000)
+
+static int __init txx9ndfmc_probe(struct platform_device *dev)
+{
+	struct txx9ndfmc_platform_data *plat = dev->dev.platform_data;
+#ifdef CONFIG_MTD_PARTITIONS
+	static const char *probes[] = { "cmdlinepart", NULL };
+#endif
+	int hold, spw;
+	int i;
+	struct txx9ndfmc_drvdata *drvdata;
+	unsigned long gbusclk = plat->gbus_clock;
+	struct resource *res;
+
+	res = platform_get_resource(dev, IORESOURCE_MEM, 0);
+	if (!res)
+		return -ENODEV;
+	drvdata = devm_kzalloc(&dev->dev, sizeof(*drvdata), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!drvdata)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+	if (!devm_request_mem_region(&dev->dev, res->start,
+				     resource_size(res), dev_name(&dev->dev)))
+		return -EBUSY;
+	drvdata->base = devm_ioremap(&dev->dev, res->start,
+				     resource_size(res));
+	if (!drvdata->base)
+		return -EBUSY;
+
+	hold = plat->hold ?: 20; /* tDH */
+	spw = plat->spw ?: 90; /* max(tREADID, tWP, tRP) */
+
+	hold = TXX9NDFMC_NS_TO_CYC(gbusclk, hold);
+	spw = TXX9NDFMC_NS_TO_CYC(gbusclk, spw);
+	if (plat->flags & NDFMC_PLAT_FLAG_HOLDADD)
+		hold -= 2;	/* actual hold time : (HOLD + 2) BUSCLK */
+	spw -= 1;	/* actual wait time : (SPW + 1) BUSCLK */
+	hold = clamp(hold, 1, 15);
+	drvdata->hold = hold;
+	spw = clamp(spw, 1, 15);
+	drvdata->spw = spw;
+	dev_info(&dev->dev, "CLK:%ldMHz HOLD:%d SPW:%d\n",
+		 (gbusclk + 500000) / 1000000, hold, spw);
+
+	spin_lock_init(&drvdata->hw_control.lock);
+	init_waitqueue_head(&drvdata->hw_control.wq);
+
+	platform_set_drvdata(dev, drvdata);
+	txx9ndfmc_initialize(dev);
+
+	for (i = 0; i < MAX_TXX9NDFMC_DEV; i++) {
+		struct txx9ndfmc_priv *txx9_priv;
+		struct nand_chip *chip;
+		struct mtd_info *mtd;
+#ifdef CONFIG_MTD_PARTITIONS
+		int nr_parts;
+#endif
+
+		if (!(plat->ch_mask & (1 << i)))
+			continue;
+		txx9_priv = kzalloc(sizeof(struct txx9ndfmc_priv),
+				    GFP_KERNEL);
+		if (!txx9_priv) {
+			dev_err(&dev->dev, "Unable to allocate "
+				"TXx9 NDFMC MTD device structure.\n");
+			continue;
+		}
+		chip = &txx9_priv->chip;
+		mtd = &txx9_priv->mtd;
+		mtd->owner = THIS_MODULE;
+
+		mtd->priv = chip;
+
+		chip->read_byte = txx9ndfmc_read_byte;
+		chip->read_buf = txx9ndfmc_read_buf;
+		chip->write_buf = txx9ndfmc_write_buf;
+		chip->verify_buf = txx9ndfmc_verify_buf;
+		chip->cmd_ctrl = txx9ndfmc_cmd_ctrl;
+		chip->dev_ready = txx9ndfmc_dev_ready;
+		chip->ecc.calculate = txx9ndfmc_calculate_ecc;
+		chip->ecc.correct = nand_correct_data;
+		chip->ecc.hwctl = txx9ndfmc_enable_hwecc;
+		chip->ecc.mode = NAND_ECC_HW;
+		chip->ecc.size = 256;
+		chip->ecc.bytes = 3;
+		chip->chip_delay = 100;
+		chip->controller = &drvdata->hw_control;
+
+		chip->priv = txx9_priv;
+		txx9_priv->dev = dev;
+
+		if (plat->ch_mask != 1) {
+			txx9_priv->cs = i;
+			sprintf(txx9_priv->mtdname, "%s.%u",
+				dev_name(&dev->dev), i);
+		} else {
+			txx9_priv->cs = -1;
+			strcpy(txx9_priv->mtdname, dev_name(&dev->dev));
+		}
+		if (plat->wide_mask & (1 << i))
+			chip->options |= NAND_BUSWIDTH_16;
+
+		if (nand_scan(mtd, 1)) {
+			kfree(txx9_priv);
+			continue;
+		}
+		mtd->name = txx9_priv->mtdname;
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_MTD_PARTITIONS
+		nr_parts = parse_mtd_partitions(mtd, probes,
+						&drvdata->parts[i], 0);
+		if (nr_parts > 0)
+			add_mtd_partitions(mtd, drvdata->parts[i], nr_parts);
+#endif
+		add_mtd_device(mtd);
+		drvdata->mtds[i] = mtd;
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int __exit txx9ndfmc_remove(struct platform_device *dev)
+{
+	struct txx9ndfmc_drvdata *drvdata = platform_get_drvdata(dev);
+	int i;
+
+	platform_set_drvdata(dev, NULL);
+	if (!drvdata)
+		return 0;
+	for (i = 0; i < MAX_TXX9NDFMC_DEV; i++) {
+		struct mtd_info *mtd = drvdata->mtds[i];
+		struct nand_chip *chip;
+		struct txx9ndfmc_priv *txx9_priv;
+
+		if (!mtd)
+			continue;
+		chip = mtd->priv;
+		txx9_priv = chip->priv;
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_MTD_PARTITIONS
+		del_mtd_partitions(mtd);
+		kfree(drvdata->parts[i]);
+#endif
+		del_mtd_device(mtd);
+		kfree(txx9_priv);
+	}
+	return 0;
+}
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_PM
+static int txx9ndfmc_resume(struct platform_device *dev)
+{
+	if (platform_get_drvdata(dev))
+		txx9ndfmc_initialize(dev);
+	return 0;
+}
+#else
+#define txx9ndfmc_resume NULL
+#endif
+
+static struct platform_driver txx9ndfmc_driver = {
+	.remove		= __exit_p(txx9ndfmc_remove),
+	.resume		= txx9ndfmc_resume,
+	.driver		= {
+		.name	= "txx9ndfmc",
+		.owner	= THIS_MODULE,
+	},
+};
+
+static int __init txx9ndfmc_init(void)
+{
+	return platform_driver_probe(&txx9ndfmc_driver, txx9ndfmc_probe);
+}
+
+static void __exit txx9ndfmc_exit(void)
+{
+	platform_driver_unregister(&txx9ndfmc_driver);
+}
+
+module_init(txx9ndfmc_init);
+module_exit(txx9ndfmc_exit);
+
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION("TXx9 SoC NAND flash controller driver");
+MODULE_ALIAS("platform:txx9ndfmc");