Patchwork [8/9] pohmelfs: transaction layer.

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Submitter Evgeniy Polyakov
Date Feb. 9, 2009, 2:02 p.m.
Message ID <1234188162-14727-9-git-send-email-zbr@ioremap.net>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/22722/
State Not Applicable
Delegated to: David Miller
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Comments

Evgeniy Polyakov - Feb. 9, 2009, 2:02 p.m.
This patch implements transaction processing helpers
used to allocate/free/insert/remove and other operations
with the transctions.

Each transction is an object, which may embed multiple commands
completed atomically. When server fails the whole transaction
will be replied against it (or different server) later. This
approach allows to maintain high data integrity and do not
desynchronize filesystem state in case of network 
or server failures.

Signed-off-by: Evgeniy Polyakov <zbr@ioremap.net>

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Patch

diff --git a/drivers/staging/pohmelfs/trans.c b/drivers/staging/pohmelfs/trans.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..3f9225e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/staging/pohmelfs/trans.c
@@ -0,0 +1,715 @@ 
+/*
+ * 2007+ Copyright (c) Evgeniy Polyakov <zbr@ioremap.net>
+ * All rights reserved.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+ * (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/crypto.h>
+#include <linux/fs.h>
+#include <linux/jhash.h>
+#include <linux/hash.h>
+#include <linux/ktime.h>
+#include <linux/mempool.h>
+#include <linux/mm.h>
+#include <linux/mount.h>
+#include <linux/pagemap.h>
+#include <linux/parser.h>
+#include <linux/poll.h>
+#include <linux/swap.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/statfs.h>
+#include <linux/writeback.h>
+
+#include "netfs.h"
+
+static struct kmem_cache *netfs_trans_dst;
+static mempool_t *netfs_trans_dst_pool;
+
+static void netfs_trans_init_static(struct netfs_trans *t, int num, int size)
+{
+	t->page_num = num;
+	t->total_size = size;
+	atomic_set(&t->refcnt, 1);
+
+	spin_lock_init(&t->dst_lock);
+	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&t->dst_list);
+}
+
+static int netfs_trans_send_pages(struct netfs_trans *t, struct netfs_state *st)
+{
+	int err = 0;
+	unsigned int i, attached_pages = t->attached_pages, ci;
+	struct msghdr msg;
+	struct page **pages = (t->eng)?t->eng->pages:t->pages;
+	struct page *p;
+	unsigned int size;
+
+	msg.msg_name = NULL;
+	msg.msg_namelen = 0;
+	msg.msg_control = NULL;
+	msg.msg_controllen = 0;
+	msg.msg_flags = MSG_WAITALL | MSG_MORE;
+
+	ci = 0;
+	for (i=0; i<t->page_num; ++i) {
+		struct page *page = pages[ci];
+		struct netfs_cmd cmd;
+		struct iovec io;
+
+		p = t->pages[i];
+
+		if (!p)
+			continue;
+
+		size = page_private(p);
+
+		io.iov_base = &cmd;
+		io.iov_len = sizeof(struct netfs_cmd);
+
+		cmd.cmd = NETFS_WRITE_PAGE;
+		cmd.ext = 0;
+		cmd.id = 0;
+		cmd.size = size;
+		cmd.start = p->index;
+		cmd.start <<= PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT;
+		cmd.csize = 0;
+		cmd.cpad = 0;
+		cmd.iv = pohmelfs_gen_iv(t);
+
+		netfs_convert_cmd(&cmd);
+
+		msg.msg_iov = &io;
+		msg.msg_iovlen = 1;
+		msg.msg_flags = MSG_WAITALL | MSG_MORE;
+
+		err = kernel_sendmsg(st->socket, &msg, (struct kvec *)msg.msg_iov, 1, sizeof(struct netfs_cmd));
+		if (err <= 0) {
+			printk("%s: %d/%d failed to send transaction header: t: %p, gen: %u, err: %d.\n",
+					__func__, i, t->page_num, t, t->gen, err);
+			if (err == 0)
+				err = -ECONNRESET;
+			goto err_out;
+		}
+
+		msg.msg_flags = MSG_WAITALL|(attached_pages == 1)?0:MSG_MORE;
+
+		err = kernel_sendpage(st->socket, page, 0, size, msg.msg_flags);
+		if (err <= 0) {
+			printk("%s: %d/%d failed to send transaction page: t: %p, gen: %u, size: %u, err: %d.\n",
+					__func__, i, t->page_num, t, t->gen, size, err);
+			if (err == 0)
+				err = -ECONNRESET;
+			goto err_out;
+		}
+
+		dprintk("%s: %d/%d sent t: %p, gen: %u, page: %p/%p, size: %u.\n",
+			__func__, i, t->page_num, t, t->gen, page, p, size);
+
+		err = 0;
+		attached_pages--;
+		if (!attached_pages)
+			break;
+		ci++;
+
+		continue;
+
+err_out:
+		printk("%s: t: %p, gen: %u, err: %d.\n", __func__, t, t->gen, err);
+		netfs_state_exit(st);
+		break;
+	}
+
+	return err;
+}
+
+int netfs_trans_send(struct netfs_trans *t, struct netfs_state *st)
+{
+	int err;
+	struct msghdr msg;
+
+	BUG_ON(!t->iovec.iov_len);
+	BUG_ON(t->iovec.iov_len > 1024*1024*1024);
+
+	netfs_state_lock_send(st);
+	if (!st->socket) {
+		err = netfs_state_init(st);
+		if (err)
+			goto err_out_unlock_return;
+	}
+
+	msg.msg_iov = &t->iovec;
+	msg.msg_iovlen = 1;
+	msg.msg_name = NULL;
+	msg.msg_namelen = 0;
+	msg.msg_control = NULL;
+	msg.msg_controllen = 0;
+	msg.msg_flags = MSG_WAITALL;
+
+	if (t->attached_pages)
+		msg.msg_flags |= MSG_MORE;
+
+	err = kernel_sendmsg(st->socket, &msg, (struct kvec *)msg.msg_iov, 1, t->iovec.iov_len);
+	if (err <= 0) {
+		printk("%s: failed to send contig transaction: t: %p, gen: %u, size: %u, err: %d.\n",
+				__func__, t, t->gen, t->iovec.iov_len, err);
+		if (err == 0)
+			err = -ECONNRESET;
+		goto err_out_unlock_return;
+	}
+
+	dprintk("%s: sent %s transaction: t: %p, gen: %u, size: %u, page_num: %u.\n",
+			__func__, (t->page_num)?"partial":"full",
+			t, t->gen, t->iovec.iov_len, t->page_num);
+
+	err = 0;
+	if (t->attached_pages)
+		err = netfs_trans_send_pages(t, st);
+
+err_out_unlock_return:
+
+	if (st->need_reset) {
+		netfs_state_exit(st);
+	}
+	netfs_state_unlock_send(st);
+
+	dprintk("%s: t: %p, gen: %u, err: %d.\n",
+		__func__, t, t->gen, err);
+
+	t->result = err;
+	return err;
+}
+
+static inline int netfs_trans_cmp(unsigned int gen, unsigned int new)
+{
+	if (gen < new)
+		return 1;
+	if (gen > new)
+		return -1;
+	return 0;
+}
+
+struct netfs_trans_dst *netfs_trans_search(struct netfs_state *st, unsigned int gen)
+{
+	struct rb_root *root = &st->trans_root;
+	struct rb_node *n = root->rb_node;
+	struct netfs_trans_dst *tmp, *ret = NULL;
+	struct netfs_trans *t;
+	int cmp;
+
+	while (n) {
+		tmp = rb_entry(n, struct netfs_trans_dst, state_entry);
+		t = tmp->trans;
+
+		cmp = netfs_trans_cmp(t->gen, gen);
+		if (cmp < 0)
+			n = n->rb_left;
+		else if (cmp > 0)
+			n = n->rb_right;
+		else {
+			ret = tmp;
+			break;
+		}
+	}
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static int netfs_trans_insert(struct netfs_trans_dst *ndst, struct netfs_state *st)
+{
+	struct rb_root *root = &st->trans_root;
+	struct rb_node **n = &root->rb_node, *parent = NULL;
+	struct netfs_trans_dst *ret = NULL, *tmp;
+	struct netfs_trans *t = NULL, *new = ndst->trans;
+	int cmp;
+
+	while (*n) {
+		parent = *n;
+
+		tmp = rb_entry(parent, struct netfs_trans_dst, state_entry);
+		t = tmp->trans;
+
+		cmp = netfs_trans_cmp(t->gen, new->gen);
+		if (cmp < 0)
+			n = &parent->rb_left;
+		else if (cmp > 0)
+			n = &parent->rb_right;
+		else {
+			ret = tmp;
+			break;
+		}
+	}
+
+	if (ret) {
+		printk("%s: exist: old: gen: %u, flags: %x, send_time: %lu, "
+				"new: gen: %u, flags: %x, send_time: %lu.\n",
+			__func__, t->gen, t->flags, ret->send_time,
+			new->gen, new->flags, ndst->send_time);
+		return -EEXIST;
+	}
+
+	rb_link_node(&ndst->state_entry, parent, n);
+	rb_insert_color(&ndst->state_entry, root);
+	ndst->send_time = jiffies;
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+int netfs_trans_remove_nolock(struct netfs_trans_dst *dst, struct netfs_state *st)
+{
+	if (dst && dst->state_entry.rb_parent_color) {
+		rb_erase(&dst->state_entry, &st->trans_root);
+		dst->state_entry.rb_parent_color = 0;
+		return 1;
+	}
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int netfs_trans_remove_state(struct netfs_trans_dst *dst)
+{
+	int ret;
+	struct netfs_state *st = dst->state;
+
+	mutex_lock(&st->trans_lock);
+	ret = netfs_trans_remove_nolock(dst, st);
+	mutex_unlock(&st->trans_lock);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Create new destination for given transaction associated with given network state.
+ * Transaction's reference counter is bumped and will be dropped when either
+ * reply is received or when async timeout detection task will fail resending
+ * and drop transaction.
+ */
+static int netfs_trans_push_dst(struct netfs_trans *t, struct netfs_state *st)
+{
+	struct netfs_trans_dst *dst;
+	int err;
+
+	dst = mempool_alloc(netfs_trans_dst_pool, GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!dst)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+
+	dst->retries = 0;
+	dst->send_time = 0;
+	dst->state = st;
+	dst->trans = t;
+	netfs_trans_get(t);
+
+	mutex_lock(&st->trans_lock);
+	err = netfs_trans_insert(dst, st);
+	mutex_unlock(&st->trans_lock);
+
+	if (err)
+		goto err_out_free;
+
+	spin_lock(&t->dst_lock);
+	list_add_tail(&dst->trans_entry, &t->dst_list);
+	spin_unlock(&t->dst_lock);
+
+	return 0;
+
+err_out_free:
+	t->result = err;
+	netfs_trans_put(t);
+	mempool_free(dst, netfs_trans_dst_pool);
+	return err;
+}
+
+static void netfs_trans_free_dst(struct netfs_trans_dst *dst)
+{
+	netfs_trans_put(dst->trans);
+	mempool_free(dst, netfs_trans_dst_pool);
+}
+
+static void netfs_trans_remove_dst(struct netfs_trans_dst *dst)
+{
+	if (netfs_trans_remove_state(dst))
+		netfs_trans_free_dst(dst);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Drop destination transaction entry when we know it.
+ */
+void netfs_trans_drop_dst(struct netfs_trans_dst *dst)
+{
+	struct netfs_trans *t = dst->trans;
+
+	spin_lock(&t->dst_lock);
+	list_del_init(&dst->trans_entry);
+	spin_unlock(&t->dst_lock);
+
+	netfs_trans_remove_dst(dst);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Drop destination transaction entry when we know it and when we
+ * already removed dst from state tree.
+ */
+void netfs_trans_drop_dst_nostate(struct netfs_trans_dst *dst)
+{
+	struct netfs_trans *t = dst->trans;
+
+	spin_lock(&t->dst_lock);
+	list_del_init(&dst->trans_entry);
+	spin_unlock(&t->dst_lock);
+	
+	netfs_trans_free_dst(dst);
+}
+
+/*
+ * This drops destination transaction entry from appropriate network state
+ * tree and drops related reference counter. It is possible that transaction
+ * will be freed here if its reference counter hits zero.
+ * Destination transaction entry will be freed.
+ */
+void netfs_trans_drop_trans(struct netfs_trans *t, struct netfs_state *st)
+{
+	struct netfs_trans_dst *dst, *tmp, *ret = NULL;
+
+	spin_lock(&t->dst_lock);
+	list_for_each_entry_safe(dst, tmp, &t->dst_list, trans_entry) {
+		if (dst->state == st) {
+			ret = dst;
+			list_del(&dst->trans_entry);
+			break;
+		}
+	}
+	spin_unlock(&t->dst_lock);
+
+	if (ret)
+		netfs_trans_remove_dst(ret);
+}
+
+/*
+ * This drops destination transaction entry from appropriate network state
+ * tree and drops related reference counter. It is possible that transaction
+ * will be freed here if its reference counter hits zero.
+ * Destination transaction entry will be freed.
+ */
+void netfs_trans_drop_last(struct netfs_trans *t, struct netfs_state *st)
+{
+	struct netfs_trans_dst *dst, *tmp, *ret;
+
+	spin_lock(&t->dst_lock);
+	ret = list_entry(t->dst_list.prev, struct netfs_trans_dst, trans_entry);
+	if (ret->state != st) {
+		ret = NULL;
+		list_for_each_entry_safe(dst, tmp, &t->dst_list, trans_entry) {
+			if (dst->state == st) {
+				ret = dst;
+				list_del_init(&dst->trans_entry);
+				break;
+			}
+		}
+	} else {
+		list_del(&ret->trans_entry);
+	}
+	spin_unlock(&t->dst_lock);
+
+	if (ret)
+		netfs_trans_remove_dst(ret);
+}
+
+static int netfs_trans_push(struct netfs_trans *t, struct netfs_state *st)
+{
+	int err;
+
+	err = netfs_trans_push_dst(t, st);
+	if (err)
+		return err;
+
+	err = netfs_trans_send(t, st);
+	if (err)
+		goto err_out_free;
+
+	if (t->flags & NETFS_TRANS_SINGLE_DST)
+		pohmelfs_switch_active(st->psb);
+
+	return 0;
+
+err_out_free:
+	t->result = err;
+	netfs_trans_drop_last(t, st);
+
+	return err;
+}
+
+int netfs_trans_finish_send(struct netfs_trans *t, struct pohmelfs_sb *psb)
+{
+	struct pohmelfs_config *c;
+	int err = -ENODEV;
+	struct netfs_state *st;
+#if 0
+	dprintk("%s: t: %p, gen: %u, size: %u, page_num: %u, active: %p.\n",
+		__func__, t, t->gen, t->iovec.iov_len, t->page_num, psb->active_state);
+#endif
+	mutex_lock(&psb->state_lock);
+
+	if ((t->flags & NETFS_TRANS_SINGLE_DST) && psb->active_state) {
+		st = &psb->active_state->state;
+
+		err = -EPIPE;
+		if (netfs_state_poll(st) & POLLOUT) {
+			err = netfs_trans_push_dst(t, st);
+			if (!err) {
+				err = netfs_trans_send(t, st);
+				if (err) {
+					netfs_trans_drop_last(t, st);
+				} else {
+					pohmelfs_switch_active(psb);
+					goto out;
+				}
+			}
+		}
+		pohmelfs_switch_active(psb);
+	}
+
+	list_for_each_entry(c, &psb->state_list, config_entry) {
+		st = &c->state;
+
+		err = netfs_trans_push(t, st);
+		if (!err && (t->flags & NETFS_TRANS_SINGLE_DST))
+			break;
+	}
+out:
+	mutex_unlock(&psb->state_lock);
+#if 0
+	dprintk("%s: fully sent t: %p, gen: %u, size: %u, page_num: %u, err: %d.\n",
+		__func__, t, t->gen, t->iovec.iov_len, t->page_num, err);
+#endif
+	if (err)
+		t->result = err;
+	return err;
+}
+
+int netfs_trans_finish(struct netfs_trans *t, struct pohmelfs_sb *psb)
+{
+	int err;
+	struct netfs_cmd *cmd = t->iovec.iov_base;
+
+	t->gen = atomic_inc_return(&psb->trans_gen);
+
+	pohmelfs_ftrans_clean(t->gen);
+
+	cmd->size = t->iovec.iov_len - sizeof(struct netfs_cmd) +
+		t->attached_size + t->attached_pages * sizeof(struct netfs_cmd);
+	cmd->cmd = NETFS_TRANS;
+	cmd->start = t->gen;
+	cmd->id = 0;
+
+	if (psb->perform_crypto) {
+		cmd->ext = psb->crypto_attached_size;
+		cmd->csize = psb->crypto_attached_size;
+	}
+
+	dprintk("%s: t: %u, size: %u, iov_len: %u, attached_size: %u, attached_pages: %u.\n",
+			__func__, t->gen, cmd->size, t->iovec.iov_len, t->attached_size, t->attached_pages);
+	err = pohmelfs_trans_crypt(t, psb);
+	if (err) {
+		t->result = err;
+		netfs_convert_cmd(cmd);
+		dprintk("%s: trans: %llu, crypto_attached_size: %u, attached_size: %u, attached_pages: %d, trans_size: %u, err: %d.\n",
+			__func__, cmd->start, psb->crypto_attached_size, t->attached_size, t->attached_pages, cmd->size, err);
+	}
+	netfs_trans_put(t);
+	return err;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Resend transaction to remote server(s).
+ * If new servers were added into superblock, we can try to send data
+ * to them too.
+ *
+ * It is called under superblock's state_lock, so we can safely
+ * dereference psb->state_list. Also, transaction's reference counter is
+ * bumped, so it can not go away under us, thus we can safely access all
+ * its members. State is locked.
+ *
+ * This function returns 0 if transaction was successfully sent to at
+ * least one destination target. 
+ */
+int netfs_trans_resend(struct netfs_trans *t, struct pohmelfs_sb *psb)
+{
+	struct netfs_trans_dst *dst;
+	struct netfs_state *st;
+	struct pohmelfs_config *c;
+	int err, exist, error = -ENODEV;
+
+	list_for_each_entry(c, &psb->state_list, config_entry) {
+		st = &c->state;
+
+		exist = 0;
+		spin_lock(&t->dst_lock);
+		list_for_each_entry(dst, &t->dst_list, trans_entry) {
+			if (st == dst->state) {
+				exist = 1;
+				break;
+			}
+		}
+		spin_unlock(&t->dst_lock);
+
+		if (exist) {
+			if (!(t->flags & NETFS_TRANS_SINGLE_DST) ||
+					(c->config_entry.next == &psb->state_list)) {
+				dprintk("%s: resending st: %p, t: %p, gen: %u.\n",
+						__func__, st, t, t->gen);
+				err = netfs_trans_send(t, st);
+				if (!err)
+					error = 0;
+			}
+			continue;
+		}
+
+		dprintk("%s: pushing/resending st: %p, t: %p, gen: %u.\n",
+				__func__, st, t, t->gen);
+		err = netfs_trans_push(t, st);
+		if (err)
+			continue;
+		error = 0;
+		if (t->flags & NETFS_TRANS_SINGLE_DST)
+			break;
+	}
+
+	t->result = error;
+	return error;
+}
+
+void *netfs_trans_add(struct netfs_trans *t, unsigned int size)
+{
+	struct iovec *io = &t->iovec;
+	void *ptr;
+
+	if (size > t->total_size) {
+		ptr = ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
+		goto out;
+	}
+
+	if (io->iov_len + size > t->total_size) {
+		dprintk("%s: too big size t: %p, gen: %u, iov_len: %u, size: %u, total: %u.\n",
+				__func__, t, t->gen, io->iov_len, size, t->total_size);
+		ptr = ERR_PTR(-E2BIG);
+		goto out;
+	}
+
+	ptr = io->iov_base + io->iov_len;
+	io->iov_len += size;
+
+out:
+	dprintk("%s: t: %p, gen: %u, size: %u, total: %u.\n",
+		__func__, t, t->gen, size, io->iov_len);
+	return ptr;
+}
+
+void netfs_trans_free(struct netfs_trans *t)
+{
+	if (t->eng)
+		pohmelfs_crypto_thread_make_ready(t->eng->thread);
+	kfree(t);
+}
+
+struct netfs_trans *netfs_trans_alloc(struct pohmelfs_sb *psb, unsigned int size,
+		unsigned int flags, unsigned int nr)
+{
+	struct netfs_trans *t;
+	unsigned int num, cont, pad, size_no_trans;
+	unsigned int crypto_added = 0;
+	struct netfs_cmd *cmd;
+
+	if (psb->perform_crypto)
+		crypto_added = psb->crypto_attached_size;
+
+	/*
+	 * |sizeof(struct netfs_trans)|
+	 * |sizeof(struct netfs_cmd)| - transaction header
+	 * |size| - buffer with requested size
+	 * |padding| - crypto padding, zero bytes
+	 * |nr * sizeof(struct page *)| - array of page pointers
+	 *
+	 * Overall size should be less than PAGE_SIZE for guaranteed allocation.
+	 */
+
+	cont = size;
+	size = ALIGN(size, psb->crypto_align_size);
+	pad = size - cont;
+
+	size_no_trans = size + sizeof(struct netfs_cmd) * 2 + crypto_added;
+
+	cont = sizeof(struct netfs_trans) + size_no_trans;
+
+	num = (PAGE_SIZE - cont)/sizeof(struct page *);
+
+	if (nr > num)
+		nr = num;
+
+	t = kzalloc(cont + nr*sizeof(struct page *), GFP_NOIO);
+	if (!t)
+		goto err_out_exit;
+
+	t->iovec.iov_base = (void *)(t + 1);
+	t->pages = (struct page **)(t->iovec.iov_base + size_no_trans);
+
+	/*
+	 * Reserving space for transaction header.
+	 */
+	t->iovec.iov_len = sizeof(struct netfs_cmd) + crypto_added;
+
+	netfs_trans_init_static(t, nr, size_no_trans);
+
+	t->flags = flags;
+	t->psb = psb;
+
+	cmd = (struct netfs_cmd *)t->iovec.iov_base;
+
+	cmd->size = size;
+	cmd->cpad = pad;
+	cmd->csize = crypto_added;
+
+	dprintk("%s: t: %p, gen: %u, size: %u, padding: %u, align_size: %u, flags: %x, "
+			"page_num: %u, base: %p, pages: %p.\n",
+			__func__, t, t->gen, size, pad, psb->crypto_align_size, flags, nr,
+			t->iovec.iov_base, t->pages);
+
+	return t;
+
+err_out_exit:
+	return NULL;
+}
+
+int netfs_trans_init(void)
+{
+	int err = -ENOMEM;
+
+	netfs_trans_dst = kmem_cache_create("netfs_trans_dst", sizeof(struct netfs_trans_dst),
+			0, 0, NULL);
+	if (!netfs_trans_dst)
+		goto err_out_exit;
+
+	netfs_trans_dst_pool = mempool_create_slab_pool(256, netfs_trans_dst);
+	if (!netfs_trans_dst_pool)
+		goto err_out_free;
+
+	return 0;
+
+err_out_free:
+	kmem_cache_destroy(netfs_trans_dst);
+err_out_exit:
+	return err;
+}
+
+void netfs_trans_exit(void)
+{
+	mempool_destroy(netfs_trans_dst_pool);
+	kmem_cache_destroy(netfs_trans_dst);
+}