Patchwork [7/7] netfilter: nf_ct_helper: better logging for dropped packets

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Submitter Pablo Neira
Date Feb. 19, 2013, 1:43 a.m.
Message ID <20130219014304.GA10834@localhost>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/221600/
State Accepted
Delegated to: David Miller
Headers show

Comments

Pablo Neira - Feb. 19, 2013, 1:43 a.m.
On Mon, Feb 18, 2013 at 05:23:37PM -0800, Joe Perches wrote:
> On Tue, 2013-02-19 at 02:11 +0100, Pablo Neira Ayuso wrote:
> > On Mon, Feb 18, 2013 at 04:22:02PM -0800, Joe Perches wrote:
> > > On Tue, 2013-02-19 at 01:10 +0100, pablo@netfilter.org wrote:
> > > > This patch modifies the existing code to provide more specific
> > > > error message in the scope of each helper to help users to debug
> > > > the reason why the packet has been dropped, ie:
> > > []
> > > > diff --git a/include/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_helper.h b/include/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_helper.h
> > > []
> []
> > > do please try to avoid splitting formats
> > > 
> > > 				nf_ct_helper_log(skb, ct,
> > > 						 "cannot add expectation");
> > 
> > Done whenever possible, sometimes I see myself forced to split them to
> > fit 80-chars per column.
> 
> It's always possible.
> 
> Just ignore line length limitations for formats.
> 
> If the formats are on a separate line, checkpatch
> won't complain either.
> 
> If nf_cg_helper_log was named nf_cg_helper_printk
> checkpatch wouldn't complain if the original line
> with format was > 80 cols
> 
> 		nf_ct_helper_printk(skb, ct, "some really long format past 80 cols ...");
> 
> but then the log isn't really a printk either and
> that's a checkpatch limitation on understanding
> what is and isn't a logging output function.

I have shortened several log descriptions, that should help. New patch attached.

Thanks for the explanation, will be useful for the next time.

Patch

From e91e8b6a6f65c46484ca876ee26b53ab04aa389c Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Pablo Neira Ayuso <pablo@netfilter.org>
Date: Sun, 10 Feb 2013 18:56:56 +0100
Subject: [PATCH 7/7] netfilter: nf_ct_helper: better logging for dropped packets

Connection tracking helpers have to drop packets under exceptional
situations. Currently, the user gets the following logging message
in case that happens:

	nf_ct_%s: dropping packet ...

However, depending on the helper, there are different reasons why a
packet can be dropped.

This patch modifies the existing code to provide more specific
error message in the scope of each helper to help users to debug
the reason why the packet has been dropped, ie:

	nf_ct_%s: dropping packet: reason ...

Signed-off-by: Pablo Neira Ayuso <pablo@netfilter.org>
---
 include/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_helper.h    |    4 ++
 net/ipv4/netfilter/nf_conntrack_l3proto_ipv4.c |   10 +---
 net/ipv6/netfilter/nf_conntrack_l3proto_ipv6.c |    8 +--
 net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_amanda.c            |    5 +-
 net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_ftp.c               |   10 ++--
 net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_h323_main.c         |    6 +-
 net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_helper.c            |   19 ++++++
 net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_irc.c               |    7 ++-
 net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_sane.c              |    5 +-
 net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_sip.c               |   73 +++++++++++++++++-------
 net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_tftp.c              |    8 ++-
 net/netfilter/nf_nat_amanda.c                  |    8 ++-
 net/netfilter/nf_nat_ftp.c                     |    5 +-
 net/netfilter/nf_nat_irc.c                     |    8 ++-
 net/netfilter/nf_nat_sip.c                     |   49 ++++++++++++----
 net/netfilter/nf_nat_tftp.c                    |    4 +-
 16 files changed, 164 insertions(+), 65 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_helper.h b/include/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_helper.h
index ce27edf..02cda03 100644
--- a/include/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_helper.h
+++ b/include/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_helper.h
@@ -100,6 +100,10 @@  struct nf_ct_helper_expectfn {
 	void (*expectfn)(struct nf_conn *ct, struct nf_conntrack_expect *exp);
 };
 
+extern __printf(3,4) void nf_ct_helper_log(struct sk_buff *skb,
+					   const struct nf_conn *,
+					   const char *fmt, ...);
+
 void nf_ct_helper_expectfn_register(struct nf_ct_helper_expectfn *n);
 void nf_ct_helper_expectfn_unregister(struct nf_ct_helper_expectfn *n);
 struct nf_ct_helper_expectfn *
diff --git a/net/ipv4/netfilter/nf_conntrack_l3proto_ipv4.c b/net/ipv4/netfilter/nf_conntrack_l3proto_ipv4.c
index 48990ad..2820aa1 100644
--- a/net/ipv4/netfilter/nf_conntrack_l3proto_ipv4.c
+++ b/net/ipv4/netfilter/nf_conntrack_l3proto_ipv4.c
@@ -100,7 +100,6 @@  static unsigned int ipv4_helper(unsigned int hooknum,
 	enum ip_conntrack_info ctinfo;
 	const struct nf_conn_help *help;
 	const struct nf_conntrack_helper *helper;
-	unsigned int ret;
 
 	/* This is where we call the helper: as the packet goes out. */
 	ct = nf_ct_get(skb, &ctinfo);
@@ -116,13 +115,8 @@  static unsigned int ipv4_helper(unsigned int hooknum,
 	if (!helper)
 		return NF_ACCEPT;
 
-	ret = helper->help(skb, skb_network_offset(skb) + ip_hdrlen(skb),
-			   ct, ctinfo);
-	if (ret != NF_ACCEPT && (ret & NF_VERDICT_MASK) != NF_QUEUE) {
-		nf_log_packet(NFPROTO_IPV4, hooknum, skb, in, out, NULL,
-			      "nf_ct_%s: dropping packet", helper->name);
-	}
-	return ret;
+	return helper->help(skb, skb_network_offset(skb) + ip_hdrlen(skb),
+			    ct, ctinfo);
 }
 
 static unsigned int ipv4_confirm(unsigned int hooknum,
diff --git a/net/ipv6/netfilter/nf_conntrack_l3proto_ipv6.c b/net/ipv6/netfilter/nf_conntrack_l3proto_ipv6.c
index 8a45bb2..2b6c226 100644
--- a/net/ipv6/netfilter/nf_conntrack_l3proto_ipv6.c
+++ b/net/ipv6/netfilter/nf_conntrack_l3proto_ipv6.c
@@ -104,7 +104,6 @@  static unsigned int ipv6_helper(unsigned int hooknum,
 	const struct nf_conn_help *help;
 	const struct nf_conntrack_helper *helper;
 	enum ip_conntrack_info ctinfo;
-	unsigned int ret;
 	__be16 frag_off;
 	int protoff;
 	u8 nexthdr;
@@ -130,12 +129,7 @@  static unsigned int ipv6_helper(unsigned int hooknum,
 		return NF_ACCEPT;
 	}
 
-	ret = helper->help(skb, protoff, ct, ctinfo);
-	if (ret != NF_ACCEPT && (ret & NF_VERDICT_MASK) != NF_QUEUE) {
-		nf_log_packet(NFPROTO_IPV6, hooknum, skb, in, out, NULL,
-			      "nf_ct_%s: dropping packet", helper->name);
-	}
-	return ret;
+	return helper->help(skb, protoff, ct, ctinfo);
 }
 
 static unsigned int ipv6_confirm(unsigned int hooknum,
diff --git a/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_amanda.c b/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_amanda.c
index c514fe6..dbdaa11 100644
--- a/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_amanda.c
+++ b/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_amanda.c
@@ -145,6 +145,7 @@  static int amanda_help(struct sk_buff *skb,
 
 		exp = nf_ct_expect_alloc(ct);
 		if (exp == NULL) {
+			nf_ct_helper_log(skb, ct, "cannot alloc expectation");
 			ret = NF_DROP;
 			goto out;
 		}
@@ -158,8 +159,10 @@  static int amanda_help(struct sk_buff *skb,
 		if (nf_nat_amanda && ct->status & IPS_NAT_MASK)
 			ret = nf_nat_amanda(skb, ctinfo, protoff,
 					    off - dataoff, len, exp);
-		else if (nf_ct_expect_related(exp) != 0)
+		else if (nf_ct_expect_related(exp) != 0) {
+			nf_ct_helper_log(skb, ct, "cannot add expectation");
 			ret = NF_DROP;
+		}
 		nf_ct_expect_put(exp);
 	}
 
diff --git a/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_ftp.c b/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_ftp.c
index 1ce3bef..62fb8fa 100644
--- a/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_ftp.c
+++ b/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_ftp.c
@@ -435,8 +435,8 @@  skip_nl_seq:
 		   connection tracking, not packet filtering.
 		   However, it is necessary for accurate tracking in
 		   this case. */
-		pr_debug("conntrack_ftp: partial %s %u+%u\n",
-			 search[dir][i].pattern,  ntohl(th->seq), datalen);
+		nf_ct_helper_log(skb, ct, "partial matching of `%s'",
+			         search[dir][i].pattern);
 		ret = NF_DROP;
 		goto out;
 	} else if (found == 0) { /* No match */
@@ -450,6 +450,7 @@  skip_nl_seq:
 
 	exp = nf_ct_expect_alloc(ct);
 	if (exp == NULL) {
+		nf_ct_helper_log(skb, ct, "cannot alloc expectation");
 		ret = NF_DROP;
 		goto out;
 	}
@@ -500,9 +501,10 @@  skip_nl_seq:
 				 protoff, matchoff, matchlen, exp);
 	else {
 		/* Can't expect this?  Best to drop packet now. */
-		if (nf_ct_expect_related(exp) != 0)
+		if (nf_ct_expect_related(exp) != 0) {
+			nf_ct_helper_log(skb, ct, "cannot add expectation");
 			ret = NF_DROP;
-		else
+		} else
 			ret = NF_ACCEPT;
 	}
 
diff --git a/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_h323_main.c b/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_h323_main.c
index 962795e..7df7b36 100644
--- a/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_h323_main.c
+++ b/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_h323_main.c
@@ -623,7 +623,7 @@  static int h245_help(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int protoff,
 
       drop:
 	spin_unlock_bh(&nf_h323_lock);
-	net_info_ratelimited("nf_ct_h245: packet dropped\n");
+	nf_ct_helper_log(skb, ct, "cannot process H.245 message");
 	return NF_DROP;
 }
 
@@ -1197,7 +1197,7 @@  static int q931_help(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int protoff,
 
       drop:
 	spin_unlock_bh(&nf_h323_lock);
-	net_info_ratelimited("nf_ct_q931: packet dropped\n");
+	nf_ct_helper_log(skb, ct, "cannot process Q.931 message");
 	return NF_DROP;
 }
 
@@ -1795,7 +1795,7 @@  static int ras_help(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int protoff,
 
       drop:
 	spin_unlock_bh(&nf_h323_lock);
-	net_info_ratelimited("nf_ct_ras: packet dropped\n");
+	nf_ct_helper_log(skb, ct, "cannot process RAS message");
 	return NF_DROP;
 }
 
diff --git a/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_helper.c b/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_helper.c
index 2f380f7..c08768d 100644
--- a/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_helper.c
+++ b/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_helper.c
@@ -28,6 +28,7 @@ 
 #include <net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_helper.h>
 #include <net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_core.h>
 #include <net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_extend.h>
+#include <net/netfilter/nf_log.h>
 
 static DEFINE_MUTEX(nf_ct_helper_mutex);
 struct hlist_head *nf_ct_helper_hash __read_mostly;
@@ -332,6 +333,24 @@  nf_ct_helper_expectfn_find_by_symbol(const void *symbol)
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(nf_ct_helper_expectfn_find_by_symbol);
 
+__printf(3, 4)
+void nf_ct_helper_log(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct nf_conn *ct,
+		      const char *fmt, ...)
+{
+	const struct nf_conn_help *help;
+	const struct nf_conntrack_helper *helper;
+
+	/* Called from the helper function, this call never fails */
+	help = nfct_help(ct);
+
+	/* rcu_read_lock()ed by nf_hook_slow */
+	helper = rcu_dereference(help->helper);
+
+	nf_log_packet(nf_ct_l3num(ct), 0, skb, NULL, NULL, NULL,
+		      "nf_ct_%s: dropping packet: %s ", helper->name, fmt);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(nf_ct_helper_log);
+
 int nf_conntrack_helper_register(struct nf_conntrack_helper *me)
 {
 	int ret = 0;
diff --git a/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_irc.c b/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_irc.c
index 3b20aa7..70985c5 100644
--- a/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_irc.c
+++ b/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_irc.c
@@ -194,6 +194,8 @@  static int help(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int protoff,
 
 			exp = nf_ct_expect_alloc(ct);
 			if (exp == NULL) {
+				nf_ct_helper_log(skb, ct,
+						 "cannot alloc expectation");
 				ret = NF_DROP;
 				goto out;
 			}
@@ -210,8 +212,11 @@  static int help(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int protoff,
 						 addr_beg_p - ib_ptr,
 						 addr_end_p - addr_beg_p,
 						 exp);
-			else if (nf_ct_expect_related(exp) != 0)
+			else if (nf_ct_expect_related(exp) != 0) {
+				nf_ct_helper_log(skb, ct,
+						 "cannot add expectation");
 				ret = NF_DROP;
+			}
 			nf_ct_expect_put(exp);
 			goto out;
 		}
diff --git a/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_sane.c b/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_sane.c
index 295429f..4a2134f 100644
--- a/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_sane.c
+++ b/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_sane.c
@@ -138,6 +138,7 @@  static int help(struct sk_buff *skb,
 
 	exp = nf_ct_expect_alloc(ct);
 	if (exp == NULL) {
+		nf_ct_helper_log(skb, ct, "cannot alloc expectation");
 		ret = NF_DROP;
 		goto out;
 	}
@@ -151,8 +152,10 @@  static int help(struct sk_buff *skb,
 	nf_ct_dump_tuple(&exp->tuple);
 
 	/* Can't expect this?  Best to drop packet now. */
-	if (nf_ct_expect_related(exp) != 0)
+	if (nf_ct_expect_related(exp) != 0) {
+		nf_ct_helper_log(skb, ct, "cannot add expectation");
 		ret = NF_DROP;
+	}
 
 	nf_ct_expect_put(exp);
 
diff --git a/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_sip.c b/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_sip.c
index 72a67bb..069229d 100644
--- a/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_sip.c
+++ b/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_sip.c
@@ -1095,8 +1095,10 @@  static int process_sdp(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int protoff,
 		port = simple_strtoul(*dptr + mediaoff, NULL, 10);
 		if (port == 0)
 			continue;
-		if (port < 1024 || port > 65535)
+		if (port < 1024 || port > 65535) {
+			nf_ct_helper_log(skb, ct, "wrong port %u", port);
 			return NF_DROP;
+		}
 
 		/* The media description overrides the session description. */
 		maddr_len = 0;
@@ -1107,15 +1109,20 @@  static int process_sdp(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int protoff,
 			memcpy(&rtp_addr, &maddr, sizeof(rtp_addr));
 		} else if (caddr_len)
 			memcpy(&rtp_addr, &caddr, sizeof(rtp_addr));
-		else
+		else {
+			nf_ct_helper_log(skb, ct, "cannot parse SDP message");
 			return NF_DROP;
+		}
 
 		ret = set_expected_rtp_rtcp(skb, protoff, dataoff,
 					    dptr, datalen,
 					    &rtp_addr, htons(port), t->class,
 					    mediaoff, medialen);
-		if (ret != NF_ACCEPT)
+		if (ret != NF_ACCEPT) {
+			nf_ct_helper_log(skb, ct,
+					 "cannot add expectation for voice");
 			return ret;
+		}
 
 		/* Update media connection address if present */
 		if (maddr_len && nf_nat_sdp_addr && ct->status & IPS_NAT_MASK) {
@@ -1123,8 +1130,10 @@  static int process_sdp(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int protoff,
 					      dptr, datalen, mediaoff,
 					      SDP_HDR_CONNECTION, SDP_HDR_MEDIA,
 					      &rtp_addr);
-			if (ret != NF_ACCEPT)
+			if (ret != NF_ACCEPT) {
+				nf_ct_helper_log(skb, ct, "cannot mangle SDP");
 				return ret;
+			}
 		}
 		i++;
 	}
@@ -1258,9 +1267,10 @@  static int process_register_request(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int protoff,
 	ret = ct_sip_parse_header_uri(ct, *dptr, NULL, *datalen,
 				      SIP_HDR_CONTACT, NULL,
 				      &matchoff, &matchlen, &daddr, &port);
-	if (ret < 0)
+	if (ret < 0) {
+		nf_ct_helper_log(skb, ct, "cannot parse contact");
 		return NF_DROP;
-	else if (ret == 0)
+	} else if (ret == 0)
 		return NF_ACCEPT;
 
 	/* We don't support third-party registrations */
@@ -1273,8 +1283,10 @@  static int process_register_request(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int protoff,
 
 	if (ct_sip_parse_numerical_param(ct, *dptr,
 					 matchoff + matchlen, *datalen,
-					 "expires=", NULL, NULL, &expires) < 0)
+					 "expires=", NULL, NULL, &expires) < 0) {
+		nf_ct_helper_log(skb, ct, "cannot parse expires");
 		return NF_DROP;
+	}
 
 	if (expires == 0) {
 		ret = NF_ACCEPT;
@@ -1282,8 +1294,10 @@  static int process_register_request(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int protoff,
 	}
 
 	exp = nf_ct_expect_alloc(ct);
-	if (!exp)
+	if (!exp) {
+		nf_ct_helper_log(skb, ct, "cannot alloc expectation");
 		return NF_DROP;
+	}
 
 	saddr = NULL;
 	if (sip_direct_signalling)
@@ -1300,9 +1314,10 @@  static int process_register_request(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int protoff,
 		ret = nf_nat_sip_expect(skb, protoff, dataoff, dptr, datalen,
 					exp, matchoff, matchlen);
 	else {
-		if (nf_ct_expect_related(exp) != 0)
+		if (nf_ct_expect_related(exp) != 0) {
+			nf_ct_helper_log(skb, ct, "cannot add expectation");
 			ret = NF_DROP;
-		else
+		} else
 			ret = NF_ACCEPT;
 	}
 	nf_ct_expect_put(exp);
@@ -1356,9 +1371,10 @@  static int process_register_response(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int protoff,
 					      SIP_HDR_CONTACT, &in_contact,
 					      &matchoff, &matchlen,
 					      &addr, &port);
-		if (ret < 0)
+		if (ret < 0) {
+			nf_ct_helper_log(skb, ct, "cannot parse contact");
 			return NF_DROP;
-		else if (ret == 0)
+		} else if (ret == 0)
 			break;
 
 		/* We don't support third-party registrations */
@@ -1373,8 +1389,10 @@  static int process_register_response(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int protoff,
 						   matchoff + matchlen,
 						   *datalen, "expires=",
 						   NULL, NULL, &c_expires);
-		if (ret < 0)
+		if (ret < 0) {
+			nf_ct_helper_log(skb, ct, "cannot parse expires");
 			return NF_DROP;
+		}
 		if (c_expires == 0)
 			break;
 		if (refresh_signalling_expectation(ct, &addr, proto, port,
@@ -1408,15 +1426,21 @@  static int process_sip_response(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int protoff,
 	if (*datalen < strlen("SIP/2.0 200"))
 		return NF_ACCEPT;
 	code = simple_strtoul(*dptr + strlen("SIP/2.0 "), NULL, 10);
-	if (!code)
+	if (!code) {
+		nf_ct_helper_log(skb, ct, "cannot get code");
 		return NF_DROP;
+	}
 
 	if (ct_sip_get_header(ct, *dptr, 0, *datalen, SIP_HDR_CSEQ,
-			      &matchoff, &matchlen) <= 0)
+			      &matchoff, &matchlen) <= 0) {
+		nf_ct_helper_log(skb, ct, "cannot parse cseq");
 		return NF_DROP;
+	}
 	cseq = simple_strtoul(*dptr + matchoff, NULL, 10);
-	if (!cseq)
+	if (!cseq) {
+		nf_ct_helper_log(skb, ct, "cannot get cseq");
 		return NF_DROP;
+	}
 	matchend = matchoff + matchlen + 1;
 
 	for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(sip_handlers); i++) {
@@ -1471,11 +1495,15 @@  static int process_sip_request(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int protoff,
 			continue;
 
 		if (ct_sip_get_header(ct, *dptr, 0, *datalen, SIP_HDR_CSEQ,
-				      &matchoff, &matchlen) <= 0)
+				      &matchoff, &matchlen) <= 0) {
+			nf_ct_helper_log(skb, ct, "cannot parse cseq");
 			return NF_DROP;
+		}
 		cseq = simple_strtoul(*dptr + matchoff, NULL, 10);
-		if (!cseq)
+		if (!cseq) {
+			nf_ct_helper_log(skb, ct, "cannot get cseq");
 			return NF_DROP;
+		}
 
 		return handler->request(skb, protoff, dataoff, dptr, datalen,
 					cseq);
@@ -1498,8 +1526,10 @@  static int process_sip_msg(struct sk_buff *skb, struct nf_conn *ct,
 	if (ret == NF_ACCEPT && ct->status & IPS_NAT_MASK) {
 		nf_nat_sip = rcu_dereference(nf_nat_sip_hook);
 		if (nf_nat_sip && !nf_nat_sip(skb, protoff, dataoff,
-					      dptr, datalen))
+					      dptr, datalen)) {
+			nf_ct_helper_log(skb, ct, "cannot NAT SIP message");
 			ret = NF_DROP;
+		}
 	}
 
 	return ret;
@@ -1563,11 +1593,14 @@  static int sip_help_tcp(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int protoff,
 		end += strlen("\r\n\r\n") + clen;
 
 		msglen = origlen = end - dptr;
-		if (msglen > datalen)
+		if (msglen > datalen) {
+			nf_ct_helper_log(skb, ct, "incomplete/bad SIP message");
 			return NF_DROP;
+		}
 
 		ret = process_sip_msg(skb, ct, protoff, dataoff,
 				      &dptr, &msglen);
+		/* process_sip_* functions report why this packet is dropped */
 		if (ret != NF_ACCEPT)
 			break;
 		diff     = msglen - origlen;
diff --git a/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_tftp.c b/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_tftp.c
index 81fc61c..e9936c8 100644
--- a/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_tftp.c
+++ b/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_tftp.c
@@ -60,8 +60,10 @@  static int tftp_help(struct sk_buff *skb,
 		nf_ct_dump_tuple(&ct->tuplehash[IP_CT_DIR_REPLY].tuple);
 
 		exp = nf_ct_expect_alloc(ct);
-		if (exp == NULL)
+		if (exp == NULL) {
+			nf_ct_helper_log(skb, ct, "cannot alloc expectation");
 			return NF_DROP;
+		}
 		tuple = &ct->tuplehash[IP_CT_DIR_REPLY].tuple;
 		nf_ct_expect_init(exp, NF_CT_EXPECT_CLASS_DEFAULT,
 				  nf_ct_l3num(ct),
@@ -74,8 +76,10 @@  static int tftp_help(struct sk_buff *skb,
 		nf_nat_tftp = rcu_dereference(nf_nat_tftp_hook);
 		if (nf_nat_tftp && ct->status & IPS_NAT_MASK)
 			ret = nf_nat_tftp(skb, ctinfo, exp);
-		else if (nf_ct_expect_related(exp) != 0)
+		else if (nf_ct_expect_related(exp) != 0) {
+			nf_ct_helper_log(skb, ct, "cannot add expectation");
 			ret = NF_DROP;
+		}
 		nf_ct_expect_put(exp);
 		break;
 	case TFTP_OPCODE_DATA:
diff --git a/net/netfilter/nf_nat_amanda.c b/net/netfilter/nf_nat_amanda.c
index 42d3378..3b67c9d 100644
--- a/net/netfilter/nf_nat_amanda.c
+++ b/net/netfilter/nf_nat_amanda.c
@@ -56,15 +56,19 @@  static unsigned int help(struct sk_buff *skb,
 		}
 	}
 
-	if (port == 0)
+	if (port == 0) {
+		nf_ct_helper_log(skb, exp->master, "all ports in use");
 		return NF_DROP;
+	}
 
 	sprintf(buffer, "%u", port);
 	ret = nf_nat_mangle_udp_packet(skb, exp->master, ctinfo,
 				       protoff, matchoff, matchlen,
 				       buffer, strlen(buffer));
-	if (ret != NF_ACCEPT)
+	if (ret != NF_ACCEPT) {
+		nf_ct_helper_log(skb, exp->master, "cannot mangle packet");
 		nf_ct_unexpect_related(exp);
+	}
 	return ret;
 }
 
diff --git a/net/netfilter/nf_nat_ftp.c b/net/netfilter/nf_nat_ftp.c
index e839b97..e84a578 100644
--- a/net/netfilter/nf_nat_ftp.c
+++ b/net/netfilter/nf_nat_ftp.c
@@ -96,8 +96,10 @@  static unsigned int nf_nat_ftp(struct sk_buff *skb,
 		}
 	}
 
-	if (port == 0)
+	if (port == 0) {
+		nf_ct_helper_log(skb, ct, "all ports in use");
 		return NF_DROP;
+	}
 
 	buflen = nf_nat_ftp_fmt_cmd(ct, type, buffer, sizeof(buffer),
 				    &newaddr, port);
@@ -113,6 +115,7 @@  static unsigned int nf_nat_ftp(struct sk_buff *skb,
 	return NF_ACCEPT;
 
 out:
+	nf_ct_helper_log(skb, ct, "cannot mangle packet");
 	nf_ct_unexpect_related(exp);
 	return NF_DROP;
 }
diff --git a/net/netfilter/nf_nat_irc.c b/net/netfilter/nf_nat_irc.c
index 1fedee6..f02b360 100644
--- a/net/netfilter/nf_nat_irc.c
+++ b/net/netfilter/nf_nat_irc.c
@@ -56,14 +56,18 @@  static unsigned int help(struct sk_buff *skb,
 		}
 	}
 
-	if (port == 0)
+	if (port == 0) {
+		nf_ct_helper_log(skb, exp->master, "all ports in use");
 		return NF_DROP;
+	}
 
 	ret = nf_nat_mangle_tcp_packet(skb, exp->master, ctinfo,
 				       protoff, matchoff, matchlen, buffer,
 				       strlen(buffer));
-	if (ret != NF_ACCEPT)
+	if (ret != NF_ACCEPT) {
+		nf_ct_helper_log(skb, exp->master, "cannot mangle packet");
 		nf_ct_unexpect_related(exp);
+	}
 	return ret;
 }
 
diff --git a/net/netfilter/nf_nat_sip.c b/net/netfilter/nf_nat_sip.c
index 5951146e..96ccdf7 100644
--- a/net/netfilter/nf_nat_sip.c
+++ b/net/netfilter/nf_nat_sip.c
@@ -159,8 +159,10 @@  static unsigned int nf_nat_sip(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int protoff,
 					 &matchoff, &matchlen,
 					 &addr, &port) > 0 &&
 		    !map_addr(skb, protoff, dataoff, dptr, datalen,
-			      matchoff, matchlen, &addr, port))
+			      matchoff, matchlen, &addr, port)) {
+			nf_ct_helper_log(skb, ct, "cannot mangle SIP message");
 			return NF_DROP;
+		}
 		request = 1;
 	} else
 		request = 0;
@@ -193,8 +195,10 @@  static unsigned int nf_nat_sip(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int protoff,
 
 		olen = *datalen;
 		if (!map_addr(skb, protoff, dataoff, dptr, datalen,
-			      matchoff, matchlen, &addr, port))
+			      matchoff, matchlen, &addr, port)) {
+			nf_ct_helper_log(skb, ct, "cannot mangle Via header");
 			return NF_DROP;
+		}
 
 		matchend = matchoff + matchlen + *datalen - olen;
 
@@ -209,8 +213,10 @@  static unsigned int nf_nat_sip(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int protoff,
 					&ct->tuplehash[!dir].tuple.dst.u3,
 					true);
 			if (!mangle_packet(skb, protoff, dataoff, dptr, datalen,
-					   poff, plen, buffer, buflen))
+					   poff, plen, buffer, buflen)) {
+				nf_ct_helper_log(skb, ct, "cannot mangle maddr");
 				return NF_DROP;
+			}
 		}
 
 		/* The received= parameter (RFC 2361) contains the address
@@ -225,6 +231,7 @@  static unsigned int nf_nat_sip(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int protoff,
 					false);
 			if (!mangle_packet(skb, protoff, dataoff, dptr, datalen,
 					   poff, plen, buffer, buflen))
+				nf_ct_helper_log(skb, ct, "cannot mangle received");
 				return NF_DROP;
 		}
 
@@ -238,8 +245,10 @@  static unsigned int nf_nat_sip(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int protoff,
 			__be16 p = ct->tuplehash[!dir].tuple.src.u.udp.port;
 			buflen = sprintf(buffer, "%u", ntohs(p));
 			if (!mangle_packet(skb, protoff, dataoff, dptr, datalen,
-					   poff, plen, buffer, buflen))
+					   poff, plen, buffer, buflen)) {
+				nf_ct_helper_log(skb, ct, "cannot mangle rport");
 				return NF_DROP;
+			}
 		}
 	}
 
@@ -253,27 +262,35 @@  next:
 				       &addr, &port) > 0) {
 		if (!map_addr(skb, protoff, dataoff, dptr, datalen,
 			      matchoff, matchlen,
-			      &addr, port))
+			      &addr, port)) {
+			nf_ct_helper_log(skb, ct, "cannot mangle contact");
 			return NF_DROP;
+		}
 	}
 
 	if (!map_sip_addr(skb, protoff, dataoff, dptr, datalen, SIP_HDR_FROM) ||
-	    !map_sip_addr(skb, protoff, dataoff, dptr, datalen, SIP_HDR_TO))
+	    !map_sip_addr(skb, protoff, dataoff, dptr, datalen, SIP_HDR_TO)) {
+		nf_ct_helper_log(skb, ct, "cannot mangle SIP from/to");
 		return NF_DROP;
+	}
 
 	/* Mangle destination port for Cisco phones, then fix up checksums */
 	if (dir == IP_CT_DIR_REPLY && ct_sip_info->forced_dport) {
 		struct udphdr *uh;
 
-		if (!skb_make_writable(skb, skb->len))
+		if (!skb_make_writable(skb, skb->len)) {
+			nf_ct_helper_log(skb, ct, "cannot mangle packet");
 			return NF_DROP;
+		}
 
 		uh = (void *)skb->data + protoff;
 		uh->dest = ct_sip_info->forced_dport;
 
 		if (!nf_nat_mangle_udp_packet(skb, ct, ctinfo, protoff,
-					      0, 0, NULL, 0))
+					      0, 0, NULL, 0)) {
+			nf_ct_helper_log(skb, ct, "cannot mangle packet");
 			return NF_DROP;
+		}
 	}
 
 	return NF_ACCEPT;
@@ -372,15 +389,19 @@  static unsigned int nf_nat_sip_expect(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int protoff,
 		}
 	}
 
-	if (port == 0)
+	if (port == 0) {
+		nf_ct_helper_log(skb, ct, "all ports in use for SIP");
 		return NF_DROP;
+	}
 
 	if (!nf_inet_addr_cmp(&exp->tuple.dst.u3, &exp->saved_addr) ||
 	    exp->tuple.dst.u.udp.port != exp->saved_proto.udp.port) {
 		buflen = sip_sprintf_addr_port(ct, buffer, &newaddr, port);
 		if (!mangle_packet(skb, protoff, dataoff, dptr, datalen,
-				   matchoff, matchlen, buffer, buflen))
+				   matchoff, matchlen, buffer, buflen)) {
+			nf_ct_helper_log(skb, ct, "cannot mangle packet");
 			goto err;
+		}
 	}
 	return NF_ACCEPT;
 
@@ -573,14 +594,18 @@  static unsigned int nf_nat_sdp_media(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int protoff,
 		}
 	}
 
-	if (port == 0)
+	if (port == 0) {
+		nf_ct_helper_log(skb, ct, "all ports in use for SDP media");
 		goto err1;
+	}
 
 	/* Update media port. */
 	if (rtp_exp->tuple.dst.u.udp.port != rtp_exp->saved_proto.udp.port &&
 	    !nf_nat_sdp_port(skb, protoff, dataoff, dptr, datalen,
-			     mediaoff, medialen, port))
+			     mediaoff, medialen, port)) {
+		nf_ct_helper_log(skb, ct, "cannot mangle SDP message");
 		goto err2;
+	}
 
 	return NF_ACCEPT;
 
diff --git a/net/netfilter/nf_nat_tftp.c b/net/netfilter/nf_nat_tftp.c
index ccabbda..7f67e1d 100644
--- a/net/netfilter/nf_nat_tftp.c
+++ b/net/netfilter/nf_nat_tftp.c
@@ -28,8 +28,10 @@  static unsigned int help(struct sk_buff *skb,
 		= ct->tuplehash[IP_CT_DIR_ORIGINAL].tuple.src.u.udp.port;
 	exp->dir = IP_CT_DIR_REPLY;
 	exp->expectfn = nf_nat_follow_master;
-	if (nf_ct_expect_related(exp) != 0)
+	if (nf_ct_expect_related(exp) != 0) {
+		nf_ct_helper_log(skb, exp->master, "cannot add expectation");
 		return NF_DROP;
+	}
 	return NF_ACCEPT;
 }
 
-- 
1.7.10.4