Patchwork [RFC,13/17] powerpc/THP: Add code to handle HPTE faults for large pages

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Submitter Aneesh Kumar K.V
Date Feb. 18, 2013, 10:28 a.m.
Message ID <1361183295-6958-14-git-send-email-aneesh.kumar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/221208/
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Aneesh Kumar K.V - Feb. 18, 2013, 10:28 a.m.
From: "Aneesh Kumar K.V" <aneesh.kumar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>

We now have pmd entries covering to 16MB range. To implement THP on powerpc,
we double the size of PMD. The second half is used to deposit the pgtable (PTE page).
We also use the depoisted PTE page for tracking the HPTE information. The information
include [ secondary group | 3 bit hidx | valid ]. We use one byte per each HPTE entry.
With 16MB huge page and 64K HPTE we need 256 entries and with 4K HPTE we need
4096 entries. Both will fit in a 4K PTE page.

Signed-off-by: Aneesh Kumar K.V <aneesh.kumar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
---
 arch/powerpc/include/asm/mmu-hash64.h    |    5 +
 arch/powerpc/include/asm/pgtable-ppc64.h |   33 ++----
 arch/powerpc/kernel/io-workarounds.c     |    2 +-
 arch/powerpc/kvm/book3s_64_mmu_hv.c      |    2 +-
 arch/powerpc/kvm/book3s_hv_rm_mmu.c      |    5 +-
 arch/powerpc/mm/Makefile                 |    1 +
 arch/powerpc/mm/hash_utils_64.c          |   12 ++-
 arch/powerpc/mm/hugetlbpage.c            |   19 +++-
 arch/powerpc/mm/largepage-hash64.c       |  170 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 arch/powerpc/mm/pgtable.c                |   34 ++++++
 arch/powerpc/mm/tlb_hash64.c             |    2 +-
 arch/powerpc/perf/callchain.c            |    2 +-
 arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/eeh.c     |    2 +-
 13 files changed, 248 insertions(+), 41 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 arch/powerpc/mm/largepage-hash64.c

Patch

diff --git a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/mmu-hash64.h b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/mmu-hash64.h
index aeeee5e..f1024c8 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/mmu-hash64.h
+++ b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/mmu-hash64.h
@@ -319,6 +319,11 @@  extern int hash_page(unsigned long ea, unsigned long access, unsigned long trap)
 int __hash_page_huge(unsigned long ea, unsigned long access, unsigned long vsid,
 		     pte_t *ptep, unsigned long trap, int local, int ssize,
 		     unsigned int shift, unsigned int mmu_psize);
+#ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE
+extern int __hash_page_thp(unsigned long ea, unsigned long access,
+			   unsigned long vsid, pmd_t *pmdp, unsigned long trap,
+			   int local, int ssize, unsigned int psize);
+#endif
 extern void hash_failure_debug(unsigned long ea, unsigned long access,
 			       unsigned long vsid, unsigned long trap,
 			       int ssize, int psize, int lpsize,
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/pgtable-ppc64.h b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/pgtable-ppc64.h
index 0da8840..d9579a5 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/pgtable-ppc64.h
+++ b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/pgtable-ppc64.h
@@ -350,39 +350,18 @@  static inline void pgtable_cache_add(unsigned shift, void (*ctor)(void *))
 	return __pgtable_cache_add(shift, sizeof(void *) << shift, ctor);
 }
 
-/*
- * find_linux_pte returns the address of a linux pte for a given
- * effective address and directory.  If not found, it returns zero.
- */
-static inline pte_t *find_linux_pte(pgd_t *pgdir, unsigned long ea)
-{
-	pgd_t *pg;
-	pud_t *pu;
-	pmd_t *pm;
-	pte_t *pt = NULL;
-
-	pg = pgdir + pgd_index(ea);
-	if (!pgd_none(*pg)) {
-		pu = pud_offset(pg, ea);
-		if (!pud_none(*pu)) {
-			pm = pmd_offset(pu, ea);
-			if (pmd_present(*pm))
-				pt = pte_offset_kernel(pm, ea);
-		}
-	}
-	return pt;
-}
-
-#ifdef CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE
+#if defined(CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE)
 pte_t *find_linux_pte_or_hugepte(pgd_t *pgdir, unsigned long ea,
-				 unsigned *shift);
+				 unsigned *shift, unsigned int *thp);
 #else
+pte_t *find_linux_pte(pgd_t *pgdir, unsigned long ea, unsigned int *thp);
 static inline pte_t *find_linux_pte_or_hugepte(pgd_t *pgdir, unsigned long ea,
-					       unsigned *shift)
+					       unsigned *shift,
+					       unsigned int *thp)
 {
 	if (shift)
 		*shift = 0;
-	return find_linux_pte(pgdir, ea);
+	return find_linux_pte(pgdir, ea, thp);
 }
 #endif /* !CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE */
 
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kernel/io-workarounds.c b/arch/powerpc/kernel/io-workarounds.c
index 50e90b7..a37c5d2 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/kernel/io-workarounds.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/kernel/io-workarounds.c
@@ -70,7 +70,7 @@  struct iowa_bus *iowa_mem_find_bus(const PCI_IO_ADDR addr)
 		if (vaddr < PHB_IO_BASE || vaddr >= PHB_IO_END)
 			return NULL;
 
-		ptep = find_linux_pte(init_mm.pgd, vaddr);
+		ptep = find_linux_pte(init_mm.pgd, vaddr, NULL);
 		if (ptep == NULL)
 			paddr = 0;
 		else
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kvm/book3s_64_mmu_hv.c b/arch/powerpc/kvm/book3s_64_mmu_hv.c
index 8cc18ab..4f2a7dc 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/kvm/book3s_64_mmu_hv.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/kvm/book3s_64_mmu_hv.c
@@ -683,7 +683,7 @@  int kvmppc_book3s_hv_page_fault(struct kvm_run *run, struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
 			 */
 			rcu_read_lock_sched();
 			ptep = find_linux_pte_or_hugepte(current->mm->pgd,
-							 hva, NULL);
+							 hva, NULL, NULL);
 			if (ptep && pte_present(*ptep)) {
 				pte = kvmppc_read_update_linux_pte(ptep, 1);
 				if (pte_write(pte))
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kvm/book3s_hv_rm_mmu.c b/arch/powerpc/kvm/book3s_hv_rm_mmu.c
index 19c93ba..5a9b7f6 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/kvm/book3s_hv_rm_mmu.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/kvm/book3s_hv_rm_mmu.c
@@ -27,7 +27,7 @@  static void *real_vmalloc_addr(void *x)
 	unsigned long addr = (unsigned long) x;
 	pte_t *p;
 
-	p = find_linux_pte(swapper_pg_dir, addr);
+	p = find_linux_pte(swapper_pg_dir, addr, NULL);
 	if (!p || !pte_present(*p))
 		return NULL;
 	/* assume we don't have huge pages in vmalloc space... */
@@ -145,6 +145,7 @@  static void remove_revmap_chain(struct kvm *kvm, long pte_index,
 	unlock_rmap(rmap);
 }
 
+/* FIXME!! check */
 static pte_t lookup_linux_pte(pgd_t *pgdir, unsigned long hva,
 			      int writing, unsigned long *pte_sizep)
 {
@@ -152,7 +153,7 @@  static pte_t lookup_linux_pte(pgd_t *pgdir, unsigned long hva,
 	unsigned long ps = *pte_sizep;
 	unsigned int shift;
 
-	ptep = find_linux_pte_or_hugepte(pgdir, hva, &shift);
+	ptep = find_linux_pte_or_hugepte(pgdir, hva, &shift, NULL);
 	if (!ptep)
 		return __pte(0);
 	if (shift)
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/mm/Makefile b/arch/powerpc/mm/Makefile
index 3787b61..6b09f9d 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/mm/Makefile
+++ b/arch/powerpc/mm/Makefile
@@ -33,6 +33,7 @@  obj-y				+= hugetlbpage.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_PPC_STD_MMU_64)	+= hugetlbpage-hash64.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_PPC_BOOK3E_MMU)	+= hugetlbpage-book3e.o
 endif
+obj-$(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) += largepage-hash64.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_PPC_SUBPAGE_PROT)	+= subpage-prot.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_NOT_COHERENT_CACHE) += dma-noncoherent.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_HIGHMEM)		+= highmem.o
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/mm/hash_utils_64.c b/arch/powerpc/mm/hash_utils_64.c
index a06b55a..3a1752f 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/mm/hash_utils_64.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/mm/hash_utils_64.c
@@ -939,7 +939,7 @@  int hash_page(unsigned long ea, unsigned long access, unsigned long trap)
 	unsigned long vsid;
 	struct mm_struct *mm;
 	pte_t *ptep;
-	unsigned hugeshift;
+	unsigned hugeshift, thp;
 	const struct cpumask *tmp;
 	int rc, user_region = 0, local = 0;
 	int psize, ssize;
@@ -1005,7 +1005,7 @@  int hash_page(unsigned long ea, unsigned long access, unsigned long trap)
 #endif /* CONFIG_PPC_64K_PAGES */
 
 	/* Get PTE and page size from page tables */
-	ptep = find_linux_pte_or_hugepte(pgdir, ea, &hugeshift);
+	ptep = find_linux_pte_or_hugepte(pgdir, ea, &hugeshift, &thp);
 	if (ptep == NULL || !pte_present(*ptep)) {
 		DBG_LOW(" no PTE !\n");
 		return 1;
@@ -1028,6 +1028,12 @@  int hash_page(unsigned long ea, unsigned long access, unsigned long trap)
 					ssize, hugeshift, psize);
 #endif /* CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE */
 
+#ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE
+	if (thp)
+		return __hash_page_thp(ea, access, vsid, (pmd_t *)ptep,
+				       trap, local, ssize, psize);
+#endif
+
 #ifndef CONFIG_PPC_64K_PAGES
 	DBG_LOW(" i-pte: %016lx\n", pte_val(*ptep));
 #else
@@ -1133,7 +1139,7 @@  void hash_preload(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long ea,
 	pgdir = mm->pgd;
 	if (pgdir == NULL)
 		return;
-	ptep = find_linux_pte(pgdir, ea);
+	ptep = find_linux_pte(pgdir, ea, NULL);
 	if (!ptep)
 		return;
 
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/mm/hugetlbpage.c b/arch/powerpc/mm/hugetlbpage.c
index 1a6de0a..bce7a9f 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/mm/hugetlbpage.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/mm/hugetlbpage.c
@@ -67,7 +67,8 @@  static inline unsigned int mmu_psize_to_shift(unsigned int mmu_psize)
 
 #define hugepd_none(hpd)	((hpd).pd == 0)
 
-pte_t *find_linux_pte_or_hugepte(pgd_t *pgdir, unsigned long ea, unsigned *shift)
+pte_t *find_linux_pte_or_hugepte(pgd_t *pgdir, unsigned long ea,
+				 unsigned *shift, unsigned int *thp)
 {
 	pgd_t *pg;
 	pud_t *pu;
@@ -77,6 +78,8 @@  pte_t *find_linux_pte_or_hugepte(pgd_t *pgdir, unsigned long ea, unsigned *shift
 
 	if (shift)
 		*shift = 0;
+	if (thp)
+		*thp = 0;
 
 	pg = pgdir + pgd_index(ea);
 	if (is_hugepd(pg)) {
@@ -91,12 +94,20 @@  pte_t *find_linux_pte_or_hugepte(pgd_t *pgdir, unsigned long ea, unsigned *shift
 			pm = pmd_offset(pu, ea);
 			if (is_hugepd(pm))
 				hpdp = (hugepd_t *)pm;
-			else if (!pmd_none(*pm)) {
+			else if (pmd_large(*pm)) {
+				/* THP page */
+				if (thp)
+					*thp = 1;
+				/*
+				 * This should be ok, except for few flags
+				 * most of the pte, large page pmd bits map
+				 */
+				return (pte_t *)pm;
+			} else if (!pmd_none(*pm)) {
 				return pte_offset_kernel(pm, ea);
 			}
 		}
 	}
-
 	if (!hpdp)
 		return NULL;
 
@@ -614,7 +625,7 @@  follow_huge_addr(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, int write)
 	unsigned shift;
 	unsigned long mask;
 
-	ptep = find_linux_pte_or_hugepte(mm->pgd, address, &shift);
+	ptep = find_linux_pte_or_hugepte(mm->pgd, address, &shift, NULL);
 
 	/* Verify it is a huge page else bail. */
 	if (!ptep || !shift)
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/mm/largepage-hash64.c b/arch/powerpc/mm/largepage-hash64.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..2a5fc39
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/powerpc/mm/largepage-hash64.c
@@ -0,0 +1,170 @@ 
+/*
+ * PPC64 THP Support for hash based MMUs
+ */
+
+#include <linux/mm.h>
+#include <linux/hugetlb.h>
+#include <asm/pgtable.h>
+#include <asm/pgalloc.h>
+#include <asm/cacheflush.h>
+#include <asm/machdep.h>
+#include <asm/udbg.h>
+
+/*
+ * A linux huge page PMD was changed and the corresponding hash table entry
+ * neesd to be flushed. FIXME!! there is no batching support yet.
+ *
+ * The linux huge page PMD now include the pmd entries followed by the address
+ * to the stashed pgtable_t. The stashed pgtable_t contains the hpte bits.
+ * [ secondary group | 3 bit hidx | valid ]. We use one byte per each HPTE entry.
+ * With 16MB huge page and 64K HPTE we need 256 entries and with 4K HPTE we need
+ * 4096 entries. Both will fit in a 4K pgtable_t.
+ */
+int __hash_page_thp(unsigned long ea, unsigned long access, unsigned long vsid,
+		    pmd_t *pmdp, unsigned long trap, int local, int ssize,
+		    unsigned int psize)
+{
+	unsigned int index, valid;
+	unsigned char *hpte_slot_array;
+	unsigned long rflags, pa, hidx;
+	unsigned long old_pmd, new_pmd;
+	int ret, lpsize = MMU_PAGE_16M;
+	unsigned long vpn, hash, shift, slot;
+
+	/*
+	 * atomically mark the linux large page PMD busy and dirty
+	 */
+	do {
+		old_pmd = pmd_val(*pmdp);
+		/* If PMD busy, retry the access */
+		if (unlikely(old_pmd & PMD_HUGE_BUSY))
+			return 0;
+		/* If PMD permissions don't match, take page fault */
+		if (unlikely(access & ~old_pmd))
+			return 1;
+		/*
+		 * Try to lock the PTE, add ACCESSED and DIRTY if it was
+		 * a write access
+		 */
+		new_pmd = old_pmd | PMD_HUGE_BUSY | PMD_HUGE_ACCESSED;
+		if (access & _PAGE_RW)
+			new_pmd |= PMD_HUGE_DIRTY;
+	} while (old_pmd != __cmpxchg_u64((unsigned long *)pmdp,
+					  old_pmd, new_pmd));
+	/*
+	 * derive the rflags. Default enable read (0x2)
+	 */
+	rflags = 0x2 | (!(new_pmd & PMD_HUGE_RW));
+	/* PMD_HUGE_EXEC -> HW_NO_EXEC since it's inverted */
+	rflags |= ((new_pmd & PMD_HUGE_EXEC) ? 0 : HPTE_R_N);
+
+#if 0 /* FIXME!! */
+	if (!cpu_has_feature(CPU_FTR_COHERENT_ICACHE)) {
+
+		/*
+		 * No CPU has hugepages but lacks no execute, so we
+		 * don't need to worry about that case
+		 */
+		rflags = hash_page_do_lazy_icache(rflags, __pte(old_pte), trap);
+	}
+#endif
+	/*
+	 * Find the slot index details for this ea, using base page size.
+	 */
+	shift = mmu_psize_defs[psize].shift;
+	index = (ea & (HUGE_PAGE_SIZE - 1)) >> shift;
+	BUG_ON(index > 4096);
+
+	vpn = hpt_vpn(ea, vsid, ssize);
+	hash = hpt_hash(vpn, shift, ssize);
+	/*
+	 * The hpte hindex are stored in the pgtable whose address is in the
+	 * second half of the PMD
+	 */
+	hpte_slot_array = *(char **)(pmdp + PTRS_PER_PMD);
+
+	valid = hpte_slot_array[index]  & 0x1;
+	if (unlikely(valid)) {
+		/* update the hpte bits */
+		hidx =  hpte_slot_array[index]  >> 1;
+		if (hidx & _PTEIDX_SECONDARY)
+			hash = ~hash;
+		slot = (hash & htab_hash_mask) * HPTES_PER_GROUP;
+		slot += hidx & _PTEIDX_GROUP_IX;
+
+		ret = ppc_md.hpte_updatepp(slot, rflags, vpn,
+					   psize, ssize, local);
+		/*
+		 * We failed to update, try to insert a new entry.
+		 */
+		if (ret == -1) {
+			/*
+			 * large pte is marked busy, so we can be sure
+			 * nobody is looking at hpte_slot_array. hence we can
+			 * safely update this here.
+			 */
+			hpte_slot_array[index] = 0;
+			valid = 0;
+		}
+	}
+
+	if (likely(!valid)) {
+		unsigned long hpte_group;
+
+		/* insert new entry */
+		pa = pmd_pfn(__pmd(old_pmd)) << PAGE_SHIFT;
+repeat:
+		hpte_group = ((hash & htab_hash_mask) * HPTES_PER_GROUP) & ~0x7UL;
+
+		/* clear the busy bits and set the hash pte bits */
+		new_pmd = (new_pmd & ~PMD_HUGE_HPTEFLAGS) | PMD_HUGE_HASHPTE;
+
+#if 0
+		/* Add in WIMG bits. FIXME!! enabled by default */
+		rflags |= (new_pmd & (_PAGE_WRITETHRU | _PAGE_NO_CACHE |
+				      _PAGE_COHERENT | _PAGE_GUARDED));
+#endif
+		/* Insert into the hash table, primary slot */
+		slot = ppc_md.hpte_insert(hpte_group, vpn, pa, rflags, 0,
+					  psize, lpsize, ssize);
+		/*
+		 * Primary is full, try the secondary
+		 */
+		if (unlikely(slot == -1)) {
+			hpte_group = ((~hash & htab_hash_mask) *
+				      HPTES_PER_GROUP) & ~0x7UL;
+			slot = ppc_md.hpte_insert(hpte_group, vpn, pa,
+						  rflags, HPTE_V_SECONDARY,
+						  psize, lpsize, ssize);
+			if (slot == -1) {
+				if (mftb() & 0x1)
+					hpte_group = ((hash & htab_hash_mask) *
+						      HPTES_PER_GROUP) & ~0x7UL;
+
+				ppc_md.hpte_remove(hpte_group);
+				goto repeat;
+			}
+		}
+		/*
+		 * Hypervisor failure. Restore old pmd and return -1
+		 * similar to __hash_page_*
+		 */
+		if (unlikely(slot == -2)) {
+			*pmdp = __pmd(old_pmd);
+			hash_failure_debug(ea, access, vsid, trap, ssize,
+					   psize, lpsize, old_pmd);
+			return -1;
+		}
+		/*
+		 * large pte is marked busy, so we can be sure
+		 * nobody is looking at hpte_slot_array. hence we can
+		 * safely update this here.
+		 */
+		hpte_slot_array[index] = slot << 1 | 0x1;
+	}
+	/*
+	 * No need to use ldarx/stdcx here
+	 */
+	*pmdp = __pmd(new_pmd & ~PMD_HUGE_BUSY);
+	return 0;
+}
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/mm/pgtable.c b/arch/powerpc/mm/pgtable.c
index e173b5e..841271f 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/mm/pgtable.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/mm/pgtable.c
@@ -580,3 +580,37 @@  struct page *pmd_page(pmd_t pmd)
 }
 
 #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */
+
+/*
+ * find_linux_pte returns the address of a linux pte for a given
+ * effective address and directory.  If not found, it returns zero.
+ */
+pte_t *find_linux_pte(pgd_t *pgdir, unsigned long ea, unsigned int *thp)
+{
+	pgd_t *pg;
+	pud_t *pu;
+	pmd_t *pm;
+	pte_t *pt = NULL;
+
+	if (thp)
+		*thp = 0;
+	pg = pgdir + pgd_index(ea);
+	if (!pgd_none(*pg)) {
+		pu = pud_offset(pg, ea);
+		if (!pud_none(*pu)) {
+			pm = pmd_offset(pu, ea);
+			if (pmd_large(*pm)) {
+				/* THP page */
+				if (thp)
+					*thp = 1;
+				/*
+				 * This should be ok, except for few flags
+				 * most of the pte, large page pmd bits map
+				 */
+				return (pte_t *)pm;
+			} else if (pmd_present(*pm))
+				pt = pte_offset_kernel(pm, ea);
+		}
+	}
+	return pt;
+}
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/mm/tlb_hash64.c b/arch/powerpc/mm/tlb_hash64.c
index 023ec8a..9a951d5 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/mm/tlb_hash64.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/mm/tlb_hash64.c
@@ -206,7 +206,7 @@  void __flush_hash_table_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start,
 	local_irq_save(flags);
 	arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode();
 	for (; start < end; start += PAGE_SIZE) {
-		pte_t *ptep = find_linux_pte(mm->pgd, start);
+		pte_t *ptep = find_linux_pte(mm->pgd, start, NULL);
 		unsigned long pte;
 
 		if (ptep == NULL)
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/perf/callchain.c b/arch/powerpc/perf/callchain.c
index 74d1e78..578cac7 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/perf/callchain.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/perf/callchain.c
@@ -125,7 +125,7 @@  static int read_user_stack_slow(void __user *ptr, void *ret, int nb)
 	if (!pgdir)
 		return -EFAULT;
 
-	ptep = find_linux_pte_or_hugepte(pgdir, addr, &shift);
+	ptep = find_linux_pte_or_hugepte(pgdir, addr, &shift, NULL);
 	if (!shift)
 		shift = PAGE_SHIFT;
 
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/eeh.c b/arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/eeh.c
index 9a04322..d6f8f0e 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/eeh.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/eeh.c
@@ -261,7 +261,7 @@  static inline unsigned long eeh_token_to_phys(unsigned long token)
 	pte_t *ptep;
 	unsigned long pa;
 
-	ptep = find_linux_pte(init_mm.pgd, token);
+	ptep = find_linux_pte(init_mm.pgd, token, NULL);
 	if (!ptep)
 		return token;
 	pa = pte_pfn(*ptep) << PAGE_SHIFT;