Patchwork [2/6] mm: Only enforce stable page writes if the backing device requires it

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Submitter Darrick J. Wong
Date Jan. 19, 2013, 1:12 a.m.
Message ID <20130119011246.20902.29669.stgit@blackbox.djwong.org>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/213767/
State New
Headers show

Comments

Darrick J. Wong - Jan. 19, 2013, 1:12 a.m.
Create a helper function to check if a backing device requires stable page
writes and, if so, performs the necessary wait.  Then, make it so that all
points in the memory manager that handle making pages writable use the helper
function.  This should provide stable page write support to most filesystems,
while eliminating unnecessary waiting for devices that don't require the
feature.

Before this patchset, all filesystems would block, regardless of whether or not
it was necessary.  ext3 would wait, but still generate occasional checksum
errors.  The network filesystems were left to do their own thing, so they'd
wait too.

After this patchset, all the disk filesystems except ext3 and btrfs will wait
only if the hardware requires it.  ext3 (if necessary) snapshots pages instead
of blocking, and btrfs provides its own bdi so the mm will never wait.  Network
filesystems haven't been touched, so either they provide their own stable page
guarantees or they don't block at all.  The blocking behavior is back to what
it was before 3.0 if you don't have a disk requiring stable page writes.

Here's the result of using dbench to test latency on ext2:

3.8.0-rc3:
 Operation      Count    AvgLat    MaxLat
 ----------------------------------------
 WriteX        109347     0.028    59.817
 ReadX         347180     0.004     3.391
 Flush          15514    29.828   287.283

Throughput 57.429 MB/sec  4 clients  4 procs  max_latency=287.290 ms

3.8.0-rc3 + patches:
 WriteX        105556     0.029     4.273
 ReadX         335004     0.005     4.112
 Flush          14982    30.540   298.634

Throughput 55.4496 MB/sec  4 clients  4 procs  max_latency=298.650 ms

As you can see, the maximum write latency drops considerably with this patch
enabled.  The other filesystems (ext3/ext4/xfs/btrfs) behave similarly, but see
the cover letter for those results.

Acked-by: Steven Whitehouse <swhiteho@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
Signed-off-by: Darrick J. Wong <darrick.wong@oracle.com>
---
 fs/buffer.c             |    2 +-
 fs/ext4/inode.c         |    2 +-
 fs/gfs2/file.c          |    2 +-
 fs/nilfs2/file.c        |    2 +-
 include/linux/pagemap.h |    1 +
 mm/filemap.c            |    3 ++-
 mm/page-writeback.c     |   20 ++++++++++++++++++++
 7 files changed, 27 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)



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Patch

diff --git a/fs/buffer.c b/fs/buffer.c
index 7a75c3e..2ea9cd44 100644
--- a/fs/buffer.c
+++ b/fs/buffer.c
@@ -2359,7 +2359,7 @@  int __block_page_mkwrite(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_fault *vmf,
 	if (unlikely(ret < 0))
 		goto out_unlock;
 	set_page_dirty(page);
-	wait_on_page_writeback(page);
+	wait_for_stable_page(page);
 	return 0;
 out_unlock:
 	unlock_page(page);
diff --git a/fs/ext4/inode.c b/fs/ext4/inode.c
index cbfe13b..cd818d8b 100644
--- a/fs/ext4/inode.c
+++ b/fs/ext4/inode.c
@@ -4968,7 +4968,7 @@  int ext4_page_mkwrite(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_fault *vmf)
 					    0, len, NULL,
 					    ext4_bh_unmapped)) {
 			/* Wait so that we don't change page under IO */
-			wait_on_page_writeback(page);
+			wait_for_stable_page(page);
 			ret = VM_FAULT_LOCKED;
 			goto out;
 		}
diff --git a/fs/gfs2/file.c b/fs/gfs2/file.c
index 991ab2d..b9e0ca2 100644
--- a/fs/gfs2/file.c
+++ b/fs/gfs2/file.c
@@ -483,7 +483,7 @@  out:
 	gfs2_holder_uninit(&gh);
 	if (ret == 0) {
 		set_page_dirty(page);
-		wait_on_page_writeback(page);
+		wait_for_stable_page(page);
 	}
 	sb_end_pagefault(inode->i_sb);
 	return block_page_mkwrite_return(ret);
diff --git a/fs/nilfs2/file.c b/fs/nilfs2/file.c
index 6194688..bec4af6 100644
--- a/fs/nilfs2/file.c
+++ b/fs/nilfs2/file.c
@@ -126,7 +126,7 @@  static int nilfs_page_mkwrite(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_fault *vmf)
 	nilfs_transaction_commit(inode->i_sb);
 
  mapped:
-	wait_on_page_writeback(page);
+	wait_for_stable_page(page);
  out:
 	sb_end_pagefault(inode->i_sb);
 	return block_page_mkwrite_return(ret);
diff --git a/include/linux/pagemap.h b/include/linux/pagemap.h
index 6da609d..0e38e13 100644
--- a/include/linux/pagemap.h
+++ b/include/linux/pagemap.h
@@ -414,6 +414,7 @@  static inline void wait_on_page_writeback(struct page *page)
 }
 
 extern void end_page_writeback(struct page *page);
+void wait_for_stable_page(struct page *page);
 
 /*
  * Add an arbitrary waiter to a page's wait queue
diff --git a/mm/filemap.c b/mm/filemap.c
index 83efee7..5577dc8 100644
--- a/mm/filemap.c
+++ b/mm/filemap.c
@@ -1728,6 +1728,7 @@  int filemap_page_mkwrite(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_fault *vmf)
 	 * see the dirty page and writeprotect it again.
 	 */
 	set_page_dirty(page);
+	wait_for_stable_page(page);
 out:
 	sb_end_pagefault(inode->i_sb);
 	return ret;
@@ -2274,7 +2275,7 @@  repeat:
 		return NULL;
 	}
 found:
-	wait_on_page_writeback(page);
+	wait_for_stable_page(page);
 	return page;
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(grab_cache_page_write_begin);
diff --git a/mm/page-writeback.c b/mm/page-writeback.c
index 0713bfb..9c5af4d 100644
--- a/mm/page-writeback.c
+++ b/mm/page-writeback.c
@@ -2289,3 +2289,23 @@  int mapping_tagged(struct address_space *mapping, int tag)
 	return radix_tree_tagged(&mapping->page_tree, tag);
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(mapping_tagged);
+
+/**
+ * wait_for_stable_page() - wait for writeback to finish, if necessary.
+ * @page:	The page to wait on.
+ *
+ * This function determines if the given page is related to a backing device
+ * that requires page contents to be held stable during writeback.  If so, then
+ * it will wait for any pending writeback to complete.
+ */
+void wait_for_stable_page(struct page *page)
+{
+	struct address_space *mapping = page_mapping(page);
+	struct backing_dev_info *bdi = mapping->backing_dev_info;
+
+	if (!bdi_cap_stable_pages_required(bdi))
+		return;
+
+	wait_on_page_writeback(page);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(wait_for_stable_page);