Patchwork [next] iptables: add xt_bpf match

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Submitter Willem de Bruijn
Date Jan. 18, 2013, 5:17 p.m.
Message ID <1358529450-32413-1-git-send-email-willemb@google.com>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/213683/
State Accepted
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Comments

Willem de Bruijn - Jan. 18, 2013, 5:17 p.m.
Changes:
- v4: fixed sparse warning and module autoloading
- v3: reverted no longer needed changes to x_tables.c
- v2: use a fixed size match structure to communicate between
      kernel and userspace.

Support arbitrary linux socket filter (BPF) programs as iptables
match rules. This allows for very expressive filters, and on
platforms with BPF JIT appears competitive with traditional hardcoded
iptables rules.

At least, on an x86_64 that achieves 40K netperf TCP_STREAM without
any iptables rules (40 GBps),

inserting 100x this bpf rule gives 28K

    ./iptables -A OUTPUT -m bpf --bytecode '6,40 0 0 14, 21 0 3 2048,48 0 0 25,21 0 1 20,6 0 0 96,6 0 0 0,' -j

inserting 100x this u32 rule gives 21K

    ./iptables -A OUTPUT -m u32 --u32 '6&0xFF=0x20' -j DROP

The two are logically equivalent, as far as I can tell. Let me know
if my test methodology is flawed in some way. Even in cases where
slower, the filter adds functionality currently lacking in iptables,
such as access to sk_buff fields like rxhash and queue_mapping.
---
 include/uapi/linux/netfilter/xt_bpf.h |   17 +++++++
 net/netfilter/Kconfig                 |    9 ++++
 net/netfilter/Makefile                |    1 +
 net/netfilter/xt_bpf.c                |   75 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 4 files changed, 102 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 include/uapi/linux/netfilter/xt_bpf.h
 create mode 100644 net/netfilter/xt_bpf.c
Pablo Neira - Jan. 21, 2013, 11:28 a.m.
Hi Willem,

I have applied this patch to my nf-next tree with minor changes.

You'll get also another review asap for the iptables user-space part,
we have more time to get that into shape anyway.

On Fri, Jan 18, 2013 at 12:17:30PM -0500, Willem de Bruijn wrote:
> Changes:
> - v4: fixed sparse warning and module autoloading
> - v3: reverted no longer needed changes to x_tables.c
> - v2: use a fixed size match structure to communicate between
>       kernel and userspace.
> 
> Support arbitrary linux socket filter (BPF) programs as iptables
> match rules. This allows for very expressive filters, and on
> platforms with BPF JIT appears competitive with traditional hardcoded
> iptables rules.
>
> At least, on an x86_64 that achieves 40K netperf TCP_STREAM without
> any iptables rules (40 GBps),
> 
> inserting 100x this bpf rule gives 28K
> 
>     ./iptables -A OUTPUT -m bpf --bytecode '6,40 0 0 14, 21 0 3 2048,48 0 0 25,21 0 1 20,6 0 0 96,6 0 0 0,' -j

I have removed part of the changelog, the performance part. This
filter above to be possible confusion. That filter is using the link
layer as base.

I think the expressivity of BPF is enough to justify its inclusion
into mainline.

I also added a line notice on the artificial limitation to 64
instructions per filter.

More minor glitches below.

> inserting 100x this u32 rule gives 21K
> 
>     ./iptables -A OUTPUT -m u32 --u32 '6&0xFF=0x20' -j DROP
> 
> The two are logically equivalent, as far as I can tell. Let me know
> if my test methodology is flawed in some way. Even in cases where
> slower, the filter adds functionality currently lacking in iptables,
> such as access to sk_buff fields like rxhash and queue_mapping.
> ---
>  include/uapi/linux/netfilter/xt_bpf.h |   17 +++++++
>  net/netfilter/Kconfig                 |    9 ++++
>  net/netfilter/Makefile                |    1 +
>  net/netfilter/xt_bpf.c                |   75 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  4 files changed, 102 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
>  create mode 100644 include/uapi/linux/netfilter/xt_bpf.h
>  create mode 100644 net/netfilter/xt_bpf.c
> 
> diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/netfilter/xt_bpf.h b/include/uapi/linux/netfilter/xt_bpf.h
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..5dda450
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/include/uapi/linux/netfilter/xt_bpf.h
> @@ -0,0 +1,17 @@
> +#ifndef _XT_BPF_H
> +#define _XT_BPF_H
> +
> +#include <linux/filter.h>
> +#include <linux/types.h>
> +
> +#define XT_BPF_MAX_NUM_INSTR	64
> +
> +struct xt_bpf_info {
> +	__u16 bpf_program_num_elem;
> +	struct sock_filter bpf_program[XT_BPF_MAX_NUM_INSTR];
> +
> +	/* only used in the kernel */
> +	struct sk_filter *filter __attribute__((aligned(8)));
> +};
> +
> +#endif /*_XT_BPF_H */
> diff --git a/net/netfilter/Kconfig b/net/netfilter/Kconfig
> index bb48607..4017d85 100644
> --- a/net/netfilter/Kconfig
> +++ b/net/netfilter/Kconfig
> @@ -811,6 +811,15 @@ config NETFILTER_XT_MATCH_ADDRTYPE
>  	  If you want to compile it as a module, say M here and read
>  	  <file:Documentation/kbuild/modules.txt>.  If unsure, say `N'.
>  
> +config NETFILTER_XT_MATCH_BPF
> +	tristate '"bpf" match support'
> +	depends on NETFILTER_ADVANCED
> +	help
> +	  BPF matching applies a linux socket filter to each packet and
> +          accepts those for which the filter returns non-zero.
          ^^^

Fixed this minor glitch.

> +
> +	  To compile it as a module, choose M here.  If unsure, say N.
> +
>  config NETFILTER_XT_MATCH_CLUSTER
>  	tristate '"cluster" match support'
>  	depends on NF_CONNTRACK
> diff --git a/net/netfilter/Makefile b/net/netfilter/Makefile
> index b3bbda6..a1abf87 100644
> --- a/net/netfilter/Makefile
> +++ b/net/netfilter/Makefile
> @@ -99,6 +99,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_NETFILTER_XT_TARGET_IDLETIMER) += xt_IDLETIMER.o
>  
>  # matches
>  obj-$(CONFIG_NETFILTER_XT_MATCH_ADDRTYPE) += xt_addrtype.o
> +obj-$(CONFIG_NETFILTER_XT_MATCH_BPF) += xt_bpf.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_NETFILTER_XT_MATCH_CLUSTER) += xt_cluster.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_NETFILTER_XT_MATCH_COMMENT) += xt_comment.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_NETFILTER_XT_MATCH_CONNBYTES) += xt_connbytes.o
> diff --git a/net/netfilter/xt_bpf.c b/net/netfilter/xt_bpf.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..62d93f8
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/net/netfilter/xt_bpf.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,75 @@
> +/* Xtables module to match packets using a BPF filter.
> + * Copyright 2013 Google Inc.
> + * Written by Willem de Bruijn <willemb@google.com>
> + *
> + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
> + * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
> + * published by the Free Software Foundation.
> + */
> +
> +#include <linux/module.h>
> +#include <linux/skbuff.h>
> +#include <linux/ipv6.h>

Removed this header above, we don't need it.

> +#include <linux/filter.h>
> +#include <net/ip.h>

Same thing.

> +
> +#include <linux/netfilter/xt_bpf.h>
> +#include <linux/netfilter/x_tables.h>
> +
> +MODULE_AUTHOR("Willem de Bruijn <willemb@google.com>");
> +MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Xtables: BPF filter match");
> +MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
> +MODULE_ALIAS("ipt_bpf");
> +MODULE_ALIAS("ip6t_bpf");
> +
> +static int bpf_mt_check(const struct xt_mtchk_param *par)
> +{
> +	struct xt_bpf_info *info = par->matchinfo;
> +	struct sock_fprog program;
> +
> +	program.len = info->bpf_program_num_elem;
> +	program.filter = (struct sock_filter __user *) info->bpf_program;
> +	if (sk_unattached_filter_create(&info->filter, &program)) {
> +		pr_info("bpf: check failed: parse error\n");
> +		return -EINVAL;
> +	}
> +
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static bool bpf_mt(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct xt_action_param *par)
> +{
> +	const struct xt_bpf_info *info = par->matchinfo;
> +
> +	return SK_RUN_FILTER(info->filter, skb);
> +}
> +
> +static void bpf_mt_destroy(const struct xt_mtdtor_param *par)
> +{
> +	const struct xt_bpf_info *info = par->matchinfo;
> +	sk_unattached_filter_destroy(info->filter);
> +}
> +
> +static struct xt_match bpf_mt_reg __read_mostly = {
> +	.name		= "bpf",
> +	.revision	= 0,
> +	.family		= NFPROTO_UNSPEC,
> +	.checkentry	= bpf_mt_check,
> +	.match		= bpf_mt,
> +	.destroy	= bpf_mt_destroy,
> +	.matchsize	= sizeof(struct xt_bpf_info),
> +	.me		= THIS_MODULE,
> +};
> +
> +static int __init bpf_mt_init(void)
> +{
> +	return xt_register_match(&bpf_mt_reg);
> +}
> +
> +static void __exit bpf_mt_exit(void)
> +{
> +	xt_unregister_match(&bpf_mt_reg);
> +}
> +
> +module_init(bpf_mt_init);
> +module_exit(bpf_mt_exit);
> -- 
> 1.7.7.3
> 
> --
> To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe netfilter-devel" in
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Willem de Bruijn - Jan. 21, 2013, 4:02 p.m.
On Mon, Jan 21, 2013 at 6:28 AM, Pablo Neira Ayuso <pablo@netfilter.org> wrote:
> Hi Willem,
>
> I have applied this patch to my nf-next tree with minor changes.

Great. Thanks for cleaning up the patch, Pablo. Apologies for not
spotting those glitches, myself.

> You'll get also another review asap for the iptables user-space part,
> we have more time to get that into shape anyway.
>
> On Fri, Jan 18, 2013 at 12:17:30PM -0500, Willem de Bruijn wrote:
>> Changes:
>> - v4: fixed sparse warning and module autoloading
>> - v3: reverted no longer needed changes to x_tables.c
>> - v2: use a fixed size match structure to communicate between
>>       kernel and userspace.
>>
>> Support arbitrary linux socket filter (BPF) programs as iptables
>> match rules. This allows for very expressive filters, and on
>> platforms with BPF JIT appears competitive with traditional hardcoded
>> iptables rules.
>>
>> At least, on an x86_64 that achieves 40K netperf TCP_STREAM without
>> any iptables rules (40 GBps),
>>
>> inserting 100x this bpf rule gives 28K
>>
>>     ./iptables -A OUTPUT -m bpf --bytecode '6,40 0 0 14, 21 0 3 2048,48 0 0 25,21 0 1 20,6 0 0 96,6 0 0 0,' -j
>
> I have removed part of the changelog, the performance part. This
> filter above to be possible confusion. That filter is using the link
> layer as base.
>
> I think the expressivity of BPF is enough to justify its inclusion
> into mainline.
>
> I also added a line notice on the artificial limitation to 64
> instructions per filter.
>
> More minor glitches below.
>
>> inserting 100x this u32 rule gives 21K
>>
>>     ./iptables -A OUTPUT -m u32 --u32 '6&0xFF=0x20' -j DROP
>>
>> The two are logically equivalent, as far as I can tell. Let me know
>> if my test methodology is flawed in some way. Even in cases where
>> slower, the filter adds functionality currently lacking in iptables,
>> such as access to sk_buff fields like rxhash and queue_mapping.
>> ---
>>  include/uapi/linux/netfilter/xt_bpf.h |   17 +++++++
>>  net/netfilter/Kconfig                 |    9 ++++
>>  net/netfilter/Makefile                |    1 +
>>  net/netfilter/xt_bpf.c                |   75 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>>  4 files changed, 102 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
>>  create mode 100644 include/uapi/linux/netfilter/xt_bpf.h
>>  create mode 100644 net/netfilter/xt_bpf.c
>>
>> diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/netfilter/xt_bpf.h b/include/uapi/linux/netfilter/xt_bpf.h
>> new file mode 100644
>> index 0000000..5dda450
>> --- /dev/null
>> +++ b/include/uapi/linux/netfilter/xt_bpf.h
>> @@ -0,0 +1,17 @@
>> +#ifndef _XT_BPF_H
>> +#define _XT_BPF_H
>> +
>> +#include <linux/filter.h>
>> +#include <linux/types.h>
>> +
>> +#define XT_BPF_MAX_NUM_INSTR 64
>> +
>> +struct xt_bpf_info {
>> +     __u16 bpf_program_num_elem;
>> +     struct sock_filter bpf_program[XT_BPF_MAX_NUM_INSTR];
>> +
>> +     /* only used in the kernel */
>> +     struct sk_filter *filter __attribute__((aligned(8)));
>> +};
>> +
>> +#endif /*_XT_BPF_H */
>> diff --git a/net/netfilter/Kconfig b/net/netfilter/Kconfig
>> index bb48607..4017d85 100644
>> --- a/net/netfilter/Kconfig
>> +++ b/net/netfilter/Kconfig
>> @@ -811,6 +811,15 @@ config NETFILTER_XT_MATCH_ADDRTYPE
>>         If you want to compile it as a module, say M here and read
>>         <file:Documentation/kbuild/modules.txt>.  If unsure, say `N'.
>>
>> +config NETFILTER_XT_MATCH_BPF
>> +     tristate '"bpf" match support'
>> +     depends on NETFILTER_ADVANCED
>> +     help
>> +       BPF matching applies a linux socket filter to each packet and
>> +          accepts those for which the filter returns non-zero.
>           ^^^
>
> Fixed this minor glitch.
>
>> +
>> +       To compile it as a module, choose M here.  If unsure, say N.
>> +
>>  config NETFILTER_XT_MATCH_CLUSTER
>>       tristate '"cluster" match support'
>>       depends on NF_CONNTRACK
>> diff --git a/net/netfilter/Makefile b/net/netfilter/Makefile
>> index b3bbda6..a1abf87 100644
>> --- a/net/netfilter/Makefile
>> +++ b/net/netfilter/Makefile
>> @@ -99,6 +99,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_NETFILTER_XT_TARGET_IDLETIMER) += xt_IDLETIMER.o
>>
>>  # matches
>>  obj-$(CONFIG_NETFILTER_XT_MATCH_ADDRTYPE) += xt_addrtype.o
>> +obj-$(CONFIG_NETFILTER_XT_MATCH_BPF) += xt_bpf.o
>>  obj-$(CONFIG_NETFILTER_XT_MATCH_CLUSTER) += xt_cluster.o
>>  obj-$(CONFIG_NETFILTER_XT_MATCH_COMMENT) += xt_comment.o
>>  obj-$(CONFIG_NETFILTER_XT_MATCH_CONNBYTES) += xt_connbytes.o
>> diff --git a/net/netfilter/xt_bpf.c b/net/netfilter/xt_bpf.c
>> new file mode 100644
>> index 0000000..62d93f8
>> --- /dev/null
>> +++ b/net/netfilter/xt_bpf.c
>> @@ -0,0 +1,75 @@
>> +/* Xtables module to match packets using a BPF filter.
>> + * Copyright 2013 Google Inc.
>> + * Written by Willem de Bruijn <willemb@google.com>
>> + *
>> + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
>> + * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
>> + * published by the Free Software Foundation.
>> + */
>> +
>> +#include <linux/module.h>
>> +#include <linux/skbuff.h>
>> +#include <linux/ipv6.h>
>
> Removed this header above, we don't need it.
>
>> +#include <linux/filter.h>
>> +#include <net/ip.h>
>
> Same thing.
>
>> +
>> +#include <linux/netfilter/xt_bpf.h>
>> +#include <linux/netfilter/x_tables.h>
>> +
>> +MODULE_AUTHOR("Willem de Bruijn <willemb@google.com>");
>> +MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Xtables: BPF filter match");
>> +MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
>> +MODULE_ALIAS("ipt_bpf");
>> +MODULE_ALIAS("ip6t_bpf");
>> +
>> +static int bpf_mt_check(const struct xt_mtchk_param *par)
>> +{
>> +     struct xt_bpf_info *info = par->matchinfo;
>> +     struct sock_fprog program;
>> +
>> +     program.len = info->bpf_program_num_elem;
>> +     program.filter = (struct sock_filter __user *) info->bpf_program;
>> +     if (sk_unattached_filter_create(&info->filter, &program)) {
>> +             pr_info("bpf: check failed: parse error\n");
>> +             return -EINVAL;
>> +     }
>> +
>> +     return 0;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static bool bpf_mt(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct xt_action_param *par)
>> +{
>> +     const struct xt_bpf_info *info = par->matchinfo;
>> +
>> +     return SK_RUN_FILTER(info->filter, skb);
>> +}
>> +
>> +static void bpf_mt_destroy(const struct xt_mtdtor_param *par)
>> +{
>> +     const struct xt_bpf_info *info = par->matchinfo;
>> +     sk_unattached_filter_destroy(info->filter);
>> +}
>> +
>> +static struct xt_match bpf_mt_reg __read_mostly = {
>> +     .name           = "bpf",
>> +     .revision       = 0,
>> +     .family         = NFPROTO_UNSPEC,
>> +     .checkentry     = bpf_mt_check,
>> +     .match          = bpf_mt,
>> +     .destroy        = bpf_mt_destroy,
>> +     .matchsize      = sizeof(struct xt_bpf_info),
>> +     .me             = THIS_MODULE,
>> +};
>> +
>> +static int __init bpf_mt_init(void)
>> +{
>> +     return xt_register_match(&bpf_mt_reg);
>> +}
>> +
>> +static void __exit bpf_mt_exit(void)
>> +{
>> +     xt_unregister_match(&bpf_mt_reg);
>> +}
>> +
>> +module_init(bpf_mt_init);
>> +module_exit(bpf_mt_exit);
>> --
>> 1.7.7.3
>>
>> --
>> To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe netfilter-devel" in
>> the body of a message to majordomo@vger.kernel.org
>> More majordomo info at  http://vger.kernel.org/majordomo-info.html
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Patch

diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/netfilter/xt_bpf.h b/include/uapi/linux/netfilter/xt_bpf.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..5dda450
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/netfilter/xt_bpf.h
@@ -0,0 +1,17 @@ 
+#ifndef _XT_BPF_H
+#define _XT_BPF_H
+
+#include <linux/filter.h>
+#include <linux/types.h>
+
+#define XT_BPF_MAX_NUM_INSTR	64
+
+struct xt_bpf_info {
+	__u16 bpf_program_num_elem;
+	struct sock_filter bpf_program[XT_BPF_MAX_NUM_INSTR];
+
+	/* only used in the kernel */
+	struct sk_filter *filter __attribute__((aligned(8)));
+};
+
+#endif /*_XT_BPF_H */
diff --git a/net/netfilter/Kconfig b/net/netfilter/Kconfig
index bb48607..4017d85 100644
--- a/net/netfilter/Kconfig
+++ b/net/netfilter/Kconfig
@@ -811,6 +811,15 @@  config NETFILTER_XT_MATCH_ADDRTYPE
 	  If you want to compile it as a module, say M here and read
 	  <file:Documentation/kbuild/modules.txt>.  If unsure, say `N'.
 
+config NETFILTER_XT_MATCH_BPF
+	tristate '"bpf" match support'
+	depends on NETFILTER_ADVANCED
+	help
+	  BPF matching applies a linux socket filter to each packet and
+          accepts those for which the filter returns non-zero.
+
+	  To compile it as a module, choose M here.  If unsure, say N.
+
 config NETFILTER_XT_MATCH_CLUSTER
 	tristate '"cluster" match support'
 	depends on NF_CONNTRACK
diff --git a/net/netfilter/Makefile b/net/netfilter/Makefile
index b3bbda6..a1abf87 100644
--- a/net/netfilter/Makefile
+++ b/net/netfilter/Makefile
@@ -99,6 +99,7 @@  obj-$(CONFIG_NETFILTER_XT_TARGET_IDLETIMER) += xt_IDLETIMER.o
 
 # matches
 obj-$(CONFIG_NETFILTER_XT_MATCH_ADDRTYPE) += xt_addrtype.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_NETFILTER_XT_MATCH_BPF) += xt_bpf.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_NETFILTER_XT_MATCH_CLUSTER) += xt_cluster.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_NETFILTER_XT_MATCH_COMMENT) += xt_comment.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_NETFILTER_XT_MATCH_CONNBYTES) += xt_connbytes.o
diff --git a/net/netfilter/xt_bpf.c b/net/netfilter/xt_bpf.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..62d93f8
--- /dev/null
+++ b/net/netfilter/xt_bpf.c
@@ -0,0 +1,75 @@ 
+/* Xtables module to match packets using a BPF filter.
+ * Copyright 2013 Google Inc.
+ * Written by Willem de Bruijn <willemb@google.com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/skbuff.h>
+#include <linux/ipv6.h>
+#include <linux/filter.h>
+#include <net/ip.h>
+
+#include <linux/netfilter/xt_bpf.h>
+#include <linux/netfilter/x_tables.h>
+
+MODULE_AUTHOR("Willem de Bruijn <willemb@google.com>");
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Xtables: BPF filter match");
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
+MODULE_ALIAS("ipt_bpf");
+MODULE_ALIAS("ip6t_bpf");
+
+static int bpf_mt_check(const struct xt_mtchk_param *par)
+{
+	struct xt_bpf_info *info = par->matchinfo;
+	struct sock_fprog program;
+
+	program.len = info->bpf_program_num_elem;
+	program.filter = (struct sock_filter __user *) info->bpf_program;
+	if (sk_unattached_filter_create(&info->filter, &program)) {
+		pr_info("bpf: check failed: parse error\n");
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static bool bpf_mt(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct xt_action_param *par)
+{
+	const struct xt_bpf_info *info = par->matchinfo;
+
+	return SK_RUN_FILTER(info->filter, skb);
+}
+
+static void bpf_mt_destroy(const struct xt_mtdtor_param *par)
+{
+	const struct xt_bpf_info *info = par->matchinfo;
+	sk_unattached_filter_destroy(info->filter);
+}
+
+static struct xt_match bpf_mt_reg __read_mostly = {
+	.name		= "bpf",
+	.revision	= 0,
+	.family		= NFPROTO_UNSPEC,
+	.checkentry	= bpf_mt_check,
+	.match		= bpf_mt,
+	.destroy	= bpf_mt_destroy,
+	.matchsize	= sizeof(struct xt_bpf_info),
+	.me		= THIS_MODULE,
+};
+
+static int __init bpf_mt_init(void)
+{
+	return xt_register_match(&bpf_mt_reg);
+}
+
+static void __exit bpf_mt_exit(void)
+{
+	xt_unregister_match(&bpf_mt_reg);
+}
+
+module_init(bpf_mt_init);
+module_exit(bpf_mt_exit);