Patchwork [PR,55264] Do not remove as unreachable any virtual methods before inlining

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Submitter Martin Jambor
Date Jan. 16, 2013, 10:01 a.m.
Message ID <20130116100127.GA21071@virgil.suse>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/212467/
State New
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Comments

Martin Jambor - Jan. 16, 2013, 10:01 a.m.
Hi,

PR 55264 is caused by cgraph machinery thinking it knows all calls to
a virtual method when that is actually not true.  As discussed with
Honza, prior to inlining, we should not assume some virtual functions
(namely those that are neither DECL_COMDAT nor DECL_EXTERNAL) are not
reachable.

DECL_EXTERNAL however still affects the cgraph_node->local.local flag
and so in order to avoid some LTO failures, I had to adjust IPA-CP to
consider such virtual functions non-local so that verification of
lattice propagation does not complain.  I'm a bit puzzled by the value
of the flag in this situation but at least it does not seem to cause
any other problems.

Below is a trunk patch to do all this.  It does not apply to released
versions which also suffer from the same problem so I'll prepare a
special version(s) for them once this gets approved.  Bootstrapped and
tested on x86_64-linux.  OK for trunk?

Thanks,

Martin


2013-01-15  Martin Jambor  <mjambor@suse.cz>

	PR tree-optimizations/55264
	* ipa-inline-transform.c (can_remove_node_now_p_1): Never return true
	for virtual methods.
	* ipa.c (symtab_remove_unreachable_nodes): Never return true for
	virtual methods before inlining is over.
	* ipa-cp.c (initialize_node_lattices): Also consider all virtual
	methods non-local.

testsuite/
	* g++.dg/ipa/pr55264.C: New test.
Richard Guenther - Jan. 16, 2013, 10:29 a.m.
On Wed, Jan 16, 2013 at 11:01 AM, Martin Jambor <mjambor@suse.cz> wrote:
> Hi,
>
> PR 55264 is caused by cgraph machinery thinking it knows all calls to
> a virtual method when that is actually not true.  As discussed with
> Honza, prior to inlining, we should not assume some virtual functions
> (namely those that are neither DECL_COMDAT nor DECL_EXTERNAL) are not
> reachable.

Are they not reachable from the VTABLE which is referenced from all
calls that eventually reach the virtual method?  Thus, isn't the issue that
the VTABLE is not correctly handled by ipa-references code?

> DECL_EXTERNAL however still affects the cgraph_node->local.local flag
> and so in order to avoid some LTO failures, I had to adjust IPA-CP to
> consider such virtual functions non-local so that verification of
> lattice propagation does not complain.  I'm a bit puzzled by the value
> of the flag in this situation but at least it does not seem to cause
> any other problems.
>
> Below is a trunk patch to do all this.  It does not apply to released
> versions which also suffer from the same problem so I'll prepare a
> special version(s) for them once this gets approved.  Bootstrapped and
> tested on x86_64-linux.  OK for trunk?
>
> Thanks,
>
> Martin
>
>
> 2013-01-15  Martin Jambor  <mjambor@suse.cz>
>
>         PR tree-optimizations/55264
>         * ipa-inline-transform.c (can_remove_node_now_p_1): Never return true
>         for virtual methods.
>         * ipa.c (symtab_remove_unreachable_nodes): Never return true for
>         virtual methods before inlining is over.
>         * ipa-cp.c (initialize_node_lattices): Also consider all virtual
>         methods non-local.
>
> testsuite/
>         * g++.dg/ipa/pr55264.C: New test.
>
> Index: src/gcc/ipa-inline-transform.c
> ===================================================================
> --- src.orig/gcc/ipa-inline-transform.c
> +++ src/gcc/ipa-inline-transform.c
> @@ -92,9 +92,7 @@ can_remove_node_now_p_1 (struct cgraph_n
>              those only after all devirtualizable virtual calls are processed.
>              Lacking may edges in callgraph we just preserve them post
>              inlining.  */
> -         && (!DECL_VIRTUAL_P (node->symbol.decl)
> -             || (!DECL_COMDAT (node->symbol.decl)
> -                 && !DECL_EXTERNAL (node->symbol.decl)))
> +         && !DECL_VIRTUAL_P (node->symbol.decl)
>           /* During early inlining some unanalyzed cgraph nodes might be in the
>              callgraph and they might reffer the function in question.  */
>           && !cgraph_new_nodes);
> Index: src/gcc/ipa.c
> ===================================================================
> --- src.orig/gcc/ipa.c
> +++ src/gcc/ipa.c
> @@ -241,8 +241,7 @@ symtab_remove_unreachable_nodes (bool be
>         && (!cgraph_can_remove_if_no_direct_calls_and_refs_p (node)
>             /* Keep around virtual functions for possible devirtualization.  */
>             || (before_inlining_p
> -               && DECL_VIRTUAL_P (node->symbol.decl)
> -               && (DECL_COMDAT (node->symbol.decl) || DECL_EXTERNAL (node->symbol.decl)))))
> +               && DECL_VIRTUAL_P (node->symbol.decl))))
>        {
>          gcc_assert (!node->global.inlined_to);
>         pointer_set_insert (reachable, node);
> Index: src/gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/ipa/pr55264.C
> ===================================================================
> --- /dev/null
> +++ src/gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/ipa/pr55264.C
> @@ -0,0 +1,17 @@
> +/* { dg-do compile } */
> +/* { dg-options "-O2 -fno-early-inlining -fno-weak"  } */
> +
> +struct S
> +{
> +  S();
> +  virtual inline void foo ()
> +  {
> +    foo();
> +  }
> +};
> +
> +void
> +B ()
> +{
> +  S().foo ();
> +}
> Index: src/gcc/ipa-cp.c
> ===================================================================
> --- src.orig/gcc/ipa-cp.c
> +++ src/gcc/ipa-cp.c
> @@ -699,7 +699,8 @@ initialize_node_lattices (struct cgraph_
>    int i;
>
>    gcc_checking_assert (cgraph_function_with_gimple_body_p (node));
> -  if (!node->local.local)
> +  if (!node->local.local
> +      || DECL_VIRTUAL_P (node->symbol.decl))
>      {
>        /* When cloning is allowed, we can assume that externally visible
>          functions are not called.  We will compensate this by cloning
Jan Hubicka - Jan. 16, 2013, 11:21 a.m.
> On Wed, Jan 16, 2013 at 11:01 AM, Martin Jambor <mjambor@suse.cz> wrote:
> > Hi,
> >
> > PR 55264 is caused by cgraph machinery thinking it knows all calls to
> > a virtual method when that is actually not true.  As discussed with
> > Honza, prior to inlining, we should not assume some virtual functions
> > (namely those that are neither DECL_COMDAT nor DECL_EXTERNAL) are not
> > reachable.
> 
> Are they not reachable from the VTABLE which is referenced from all
> calls that eventually reach the virtual method?  Thus, isn't the issue that
> the VTABLE is not correctly handled by ipa-references code?

No, the problem is that VTABLE can be keyed to other unit and not present in current
unit at all and devirtualization is possible only via BINFOs.  We already handle
COMDAT/EXTERNALs like this.

In longer run, I think we should build "may" edges for virtual calls that will render
the corresponding methods reachable.
> 
> > DECL_EXTERNAL however still affects the cgraph_node->local.local flag
> > and so in order to avoid some LTO failures, I had to adjust IPA-CP to
> > consider such virtual functions non-local so that verification of
> > lattice propagation does not complain.  I'm a bit puzzled by the value
> > of the flag in this situation but at least it does not seem to cause
> > any other problems.

Hmm, perhaps we could simply set local flag to be false for external functions?
The local flag is mostly used by codegen at a time the external functions are either
inlined or removed, so it is never used in that context.

Perhaps could you first change cgraph_non_local_node_p_1 and try to check some code
if codegen differs significantly? It should not at all.
ipa-cp is the sole user of this flag in IPA passes, so you should know what it does.
> >
> > Index: src/gcc/ipa-inline-transform.c
> > ===================================================================
> > --- src.orig/gcc/ipa-inline-transform.c
> > +++ src/gcc/ipa-inline-transform.c
> > @@ -92,9 +92,7 @@ can_remove_node_now_p_1 (struct cgraph_n
> >              those only after all devirtualizable virtual calls are processed.
> >              Lacking may edges in callgraph we just preserve them post
> >              inlining.  */
> > -         && (!DECL_VIRTUAL_P (node->symbol.decl)
> > -             || (!DECL_COMDAT (node->symbol.decl)
> > -                 && !DECL_EXTERNAL (node->symbol.decl)))
> > +         && !DECL_VIRTUAL_P (node->symbol.decl)
> >           /* During early inlining some unanalyzed cgraph nodes might be in the
> >              callgraph and they might reffer the function in question.  */
> >           && !cgraph_new_nodes);
> > Index: src/gcc/ipa.c
> > ===================================================================
> > --- src.orig/gcc/ipa.c
> > +++ src/gcc/ipa.c
> > @@ -241,8 +241,7 @@ symtab_remove_unreachable_nodes (bool be
> >         && (!cgraph_can_remove_if_no_direct_calls_and_refs_p (node)
> >             /* Keep around virtual functions for possible devirtualization.  */
> >             || (before_inlining_p
> > -               && DECL_VIRTUAL_P (node->symbol.decl)
> > -               && (DECL_COMDAT (node->symbol.decl) || DECL_EXTERNAL (node->symbol.decl)))))
> > +               && DECL_VIRTUAL_P (node->symbol.decl))))
> >        {
> >          gcc_assert (!node->global.inlined_to);
> >         pointer_set_insert (reachable, node);
> > Index: src/gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/ipa/pr55264.C
> > ===================================================================
> > --- /dev/null
> > +++ src/gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/ipa/pr55264.C
> > @@ -0,0 +1,17 @@
> > +/* { dg-do compile } */
> > +/* { dg-options "-O2 -fno-early-inlining -fno-weak"  } */
> > +
> > +struct S
> > +{
> > +  S();
> > +  virtual inline void foo ()
> > +  {
> > +    foo();
> > +  }
> > +};
> > +
> > +void
> > +B ()
> > +{
> > +  S().foo ();
> > +}

These changes are OK.
> > Index: src/gcc/ipa-cp.c
> > ===================================================================
> > --- src.orig/gcc/ipa-cp.c
> > +++ src/gcc/ipa-cp.c
> > @@ -699,7 +699,8 @@ initialize_node_lattices (struct cgraph_
> >    int i;
> >
> >    gcc_checking_assert (cgraph_function_with_gimple_body_p (node));
> > -  if (!node->local.local)
> > +  if (!node->local.local
> > +      || DECL_VIRTUAL_P (node->symbol.decl))
> >      {
> >        /* When cloning is allowed, we can assume that externally visible
> >          functions are not called.  We will compensate this by cloning

As mentioned above I would preffer the nonlocal_node_p change.  If it passes testing and does not
regress, consider the patch pre-approved.

Honza
Jan Hubicka - Jan. 16, 2013, 12:44 p.m.
> Perhaps could you first change cgraph_non_local_node_p_1 and try to check some code
> if codegen differs significantly? It should not at all.
> ipa-cp is the sole user of this flag in IPA passes, so you should know what it does.

Thinking deeper of ipa-cp and local virtuals, I think this is all slipperly.
Local means that all calls to the functions are explicit and known. Obviously
if function is virutal and new calls may appear by devirtualization, the local
flag is bogus.  I guess the external functions are the only that may be local
and virtual because somewhere there must be a vtable reference, but to play
safe, I would suggest marking all virtuals non-local.

Honza

Patch

Index: src/gcc/ipa-inline-transform.c
===================================================================
--- src.orig/gcc/ipa-inline-transform.c
+++ src/gcc/ipa-inline-transform.c
@@ -92,9 +92,7 @@  can_remove_node_now_p_1 (struct cgraph_n
 	     those only after all devirtualizable virtual calls are processed.
 	     Lacking may edges in callgraph we just preserve them post
 	     inlining.  */
-	  && (!DECL_VIRTUAL_P (node->symbol.decl)
-	      || (!DECL_COMDAT (node->symbol.decl)
-		  && !DECL_EXTERNAL (node->symbol.decl)))
+	  && !DECL_VIRTUAL_P (node->symbol.decl)
 	  /* During early inlining some unanalyzed cgraph nodes might be in the
 	     callgraph and they might reffer the function in question.  */
 	  && !cgraph_new_nodes);
Index: src/gcc/ipa.c
===================================================================
--- src.orig/gcc/ipa.c
+++ src/gcc/ipa.c
@@ -241,8 +241,7 @@  symtab_remove_unreachable_nodes (bool be
 	&& (!cgraph_can_remove_if_no_direct_calls_and_refs_p (node)
 	    /* Keep around virtual functions for possible devirtualization.  */
 	    || (before_inlining_p
-		&& DECL_VIRTUAL_P (node->symbol.decl)
-		&& (DECL_COMDAT (node->symbol.decl) || DECL_EXTERNAL (node->symbol.decl)))))
+		&& DECL_VIRTUAL_P (node->symbol.decl))))
       {
         gcc_assert (!node->global.inlined_to);
 	pointer_set_insert (reachable, node);
Index: src/gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/ipa/pr55264.C
===================================================================
--- /dev/null
+++ src/gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/ipa/pr55264.C
@@ -0,0 +1,17 @@ 
+/* { dg-do compile } */
+/* { dg-options "-O2 -fno-early-inlining -fno-weak"  } */
+
+struct S
+{
+  S();
+  virtual inline void foo ()
+  {
+    foo();
+  }
+};
+
+void
+B ()
+{
+  S().foo ();
+}
Index: src/gcc/ipa-cp.c
===================================================================
--- src.orig/gcc/ipa-cp.c
+++ src/gcc/ipa-cp.c
@@ -699,7 +699,8 @@  initialize_node_lattices (struct cgraph_
   int i;
 
   gcc_checking_assert (cgraph_function_with_gimple_body_p (node));
-  if (!node->local.local)
+  if (!node->local.local
+      || DECL_VIRTUAL_P (node->symbol.decl))
     {
       /* When cloning is allowed, we can assume that externally visible
 	 functions are not called.  We will compensate this by cloning