Patchwork [v6,08/15] memory-hotplug: Common APIs to support page tables hot-remove

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Submitter Tang Chen
Date Jan. 9, 2013, 9:32 a.m.
Message ID <1357723959-5416-9-git-send-email-tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/210658/
State Not Applicable
Delegated to: David Miller
Headers show

Comments

Tang Chen - Jan. 9, 2013, 9:32 a.m.
From: Wen Congyang <wency@cn.fujitsu.com>

When memory is removed, the corresponding pagetables should alse be removed.
This patch introduces some common APIs to support vmemmap pagetable and x86_64
architecture pagetable removing.

All pages of virtual mapping in removed memory cannot be freedi if some pages
used as PGD/PUD includes not only removed memory but also other memory. So the
patch uses the following way to check whether page can be freed or not.

 1. When removing memory, the page structs of the revmoved memory are filled
    with 0FD.
 2. All page structs are filled with 0xFD on PT/PMD, PT/PMD can be cleared.
    In this case, the page used as PT/PMD can be freed.

Signed-off-by: Yasuaki Ishimatsu <isimatu.yasuaki@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Jianguo Wu <wujianguo@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: Wen Congyang <wency@cn.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Tang Chen <tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com>
---
 arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_types.h |    1 +
 arch/x86/mm/init_64.c                |  299 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 arch/x86/mm/pageattr.c               |   47 +++---
 include/linux/bootmem.h              |    1 +
 4 files changed, 326 insertions(+), 22 deletions(-)
Simon Jeons - Jan. 29, 2013, 1:02 p.m.
Hi Tang,
On Wed, 2013-01-09 at 17:32 +0800, Tang Chen wrote:
> From: Wen Congyang <wency@cn.fujitsu.com>
> 
> When memory is removed, the corresponding pagetables should alse be removed.
> This patch introduces some common APIs to support vmemmap pagetable and x86_64
> architecture pagetable removing.
> 

When page table of hot-add memory is created?

> All pages of virtual mapping in removed memory cannot be freedi if some pages
> used as PGD/PUD includes not only removed memory but also other memory. So the
> patch uses the following way to check whether page can be freed or not.
> 
>  1. When removing memory, the page structs of the revmoved memory are filled
>     with 0FD.
>  2. All page structs are filled with 0xFD on PT/PMD, PT/PMD can be cleared.
>     In this case, the page used as PT/PMD can be freed.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Yasuaki Ishimatsu <isimatu.yasuaki@jp.fujitsu.com>
> Signed-off-by: Jianguo Wu <wujianguo@huawei.com>
> Signed-off-by: Wen Congyang <wency@cn.fujitsu.com>
> Signed-off-by: Tang Chen <tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com>
> ---
>  arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_types.h |    1 +
>  arch/x86/mm/init_64.c                |  299 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  arch/x86/mm/pageattr.c               |   47 +++---
>  include/linux/bootmem.h              |    1 +
>  4 files changed, 326 insertions(+), 22 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_types.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_types.h
> index 3c32db8..4b6fd2a 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_types.h
> +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_types.h
> @@ -352,6 +352,7 @@ static inline void update_page_count(int level, unsigned long pages) { }
>   * as a pte too.
>   */
>  extern pte_t *lookup_address(unsigned long address, unsigned int *level);
> +extern int __split_large_page(pte_t *kpte, unsigned long address, pte_t *pbase);
>  
>  #endif	/* !__ASSEMBLY__ */
>  
> diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c b/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c
> index 9ac1723..fe01116 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c
> @@ -682,6 +682,305 @@ int arch_add_memory(int nid, u64 start, u64 size)
>  }
>  EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(arch_add_memory);
>  
> +#define PAGE_INUSE 0xFD
> +
> +static void __meminit free_pagetable(struct page *page, int order)
> +{
> +	struct zone *zone;
> +	bool bootmem = false;
> +	unsigned long magic;
> +	unsigned int nr_pages = 1 << order;
> +
> +	/* bootmem page has reserved flag */
> +	if (PageReserved(page)) {
> +		__ClearPageReserved(page);
> +		bootmem = true;
> +
> +		magic = (unsigned long)page->lru.next;
> +		if (magic == SECTION_INFO || magic == MIX_SECTION_INFO) {
> +			while (nr_pages--)
> +				put_page_bootmem(page++);
> +		} else
> +			__free_pages_bootmem(page, order);
> +	} else
> +		free_pages((unsigned long)page_address(page), order);
> +
> +	/*
> +	 * SECTION_INFO pages and MIX_SECTION_INFO pages
> +	 * are all allocated by bootmem.
> +	 */
> +	if (bootmem) {
> +		zone = page_zone(page);
> +		zone_span_writelock(zone);
> +		zone->present_pages += nr_pages;
> +		zone_span_writeunlock(zone);
> +		totalram_pages += nr_pages;
> +	}
> +}
> +
> +static void __meminit free_pte_table(pte_t *pte_start, pmd_t *pmd)
> +{
> +	pte_t *pte;
> +	int i;
> +
> +	for (i = 0; i < PTRS_PER_PTE; i++) {
> +		pte = pte_start + i;
> +		if (pte_val(*pte))
> +			return;
> +	}
> +
> +	/* free a pte talbe */
> +	free_pagetable(pmd_page(*pmd), 0);
> +	spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> +	pmd_clear(pmd);
> +	spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> +}
> +
> +static void __meminit free_pmd_table(pmd_t *pmd_start, pud_t *pud)
> +{
> +	pmd_t *pmd;
> +	int i;
> +
> +	for (i = 0; i < PTRS_PER_PMD; i++) {
> +		pmd = pmd_start + i;
> +		if (pmd_val(*pmd))
> +			return;
> +	}
> +
> +	/* free a pmd talbe */
> +	free_pagetable(pud_page(*pud), 0);
> +	spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> +	pud_clear(pud);
> +	spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> +}
> +
> +/* Return true if pgd is changed, otherwise return false. */
> +static bool __meminit free_pud_table(pud_t *pud_start, pgd_t *pgd)
> +{
> +	pud_t *pud;
> +	int i;
> +
> +	for (i = 0; i < PTRS_PER_PUD; i++) {
> +		pud = pud_start + i;
> +		if (pud_val(*pud))
> +			return false;
> +	}
> +
> +	/* free a pud table */
> +	free_pagetable(pgd_page(*pgd), 0);
> +	spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> +	pgd_clear(pgd);
> +	spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> +
> +	return true;
> +}
> +
> +static void __meminit
> +remove_pte_table(pte_t *pte_start, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
> +		 bool direct)
> +{
> +	unsigned long next, pages = 0;
> +	pte_t *pte;
> +	void *page_addr;
> +	phys_addr_t phys_addr;
> +
> +	pte = pte_start + pte_index(addr);
> +	for (; addr < end; addr = next, pte++) {
> +		next = (addr + PAGE_SIZE) & PAGE_MASK;
> +		if (next > end)
> +			next = end;
> +
> +		if (!pte_present(*pte))
> +			continue;
> +
> +		/*
> +		 * We mapped [0,1G) memory as identity mapping when
> +		 * initializing, in arch/x86/kernel/head_64.S. These
> +		 * pagetables cannot be removed.
> +		 */
> +		phys_addr = pte_val(*pte) + (addr & PAGE_MASK);
> +		if (phys_addr < (phys_addr_t)0x40000000)
> +			return;
> +
> +		if (IS_ALIGNED(addr, PAGE_SIZE) &&
> +		    IS_ALIGNED(next, PAGE_SIZE)) {
> +			if (!direct) {
> +				free_pagetable(pte_page(*pte), 0);
> +				pages++;
> +			}
> +
> +			spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> +			pte_clear(&init_mm, addr, pte);
> +			spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> +		} else {
> +			/*
> +			 * If we are not removing the whole page, it means
> +			 * other ptes in this page are being used and we canot
> +			 * remove them. So fill the unused ptes with 0xFD, and
> +			 * remove the page when it is wholly filled with 0xFD.
> +			 */
> +			memset((void *)addr, PAGE_INUSE, next - addr);
> +			page_addr = page_address(pte_page(*pte));
> +
> +			if (!memchr_inv(page_addr, PAGE_INUSE, PAGE_SIZE)) {
> +				free_pagetable(pte_page(*pte), 0);
> +				pages++;
> +
> +				spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> +				pte_clear(&init_mm, addr, pte);
> +				spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> +			}
> +		}
> +	}
> +
> +	/* Call free_pte_table() in remove_pmd_table(). */
> +	flush_tlb_all();
> +	if (direct)
> +		update_page_count(PG_LEVEL_4K, -pages);
> +}
> +
> +static void __meminit
> +remove_pmd_table(pmd_t *pmd_start, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
> +		 bool direct)
> +{
> +	unsigned long pte_phys, next, pages = 0;
> +	pte_t *pte_base;
> +	pmd_t *pmd;
> +
> +	pmd = pmd_start + pmd_index(addr);
> +	for (; addr < end; addr = next, pmd++) {
> +		next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end);
> +
> +		if (!pmd_present(*pmd))
> +			continue;
> +
> +		if (pmd_large(*pmd)) {
> +			if (IS_ALIGNED(addr, PMD_SIZE) &&
> +			    IS_ALIGNED(next, PMD_SIZE)) {
> +				if (!direct) {
> +					free_pagetable(pmd_page(*pmd),
> +						       get_order(PMD_SIZE));
> +					pages++;
> +				}
> +
> +				spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> +				pmd_clear(pmd);
> +				spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> +				continue;
> +			}
> +
> +			/*
> +			 * We use 2M page, but we need to remove part of them,
> +			 * so split 2M page to 4K page.
> +			 */
> +			pte_base = (pte_t *)alloc_low_page(&pte_phys);
> +			BUG_ON(!pte_base);
> +			__split_large_page((pte_t *)pmd, addr,
> +					   (pte_t *)pte_base);
> +
> +			spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> +			pmd_populate_kernel(&init_mm, pmd, __va(pte_phys));
> +			spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> +
> +			flush_tlb_all();
> +		}
> +
> +		pte_base = (pte_t *)map_low_page((pte_t *)pmd_page_vaddr(*pmd));
> +		remove_pte_table(pte_base, addr, next, direct);
> +		free_pte_table(pte_base, pmd);
> +		unmap_low_page(pte_base);
> +	}
> +
> +	/* Call free_pmd_table() in remove_pud_table(). */
> +	if (direct)
> +		update_page_count(PG_LEVEL_2M, -pages);
> +}
> +
> +static void __meminit
> +remove_pud_table(pud_t *pud_start, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
> +		 bool direct)
> +{
> +	unsigned long pmd_phys, next, pages = 0;
> +	pmd_t *pmd_base;
> +	pud_t *pud;
> +
> +	pud = pud_start + pud_index(addr);
> +	for (; addr < end; addr = next, pud++) {
> +		next = pud_addr_end(addr, end);
> +
> +		if (!pud_present(*pud))
> +			continue;
> +
> +		if (pud_large(*pud)) {
> +			if (IS_ALIGNED(addr, PUD_SIZE) &&
> +			    IS_ALIGNED(next, PUD_SIZE)) {
> +				if (!direct) {
> +					free_pagetable(pud_page(*pud),
> +						       get_order(PUD_SIZE));
> +					pages++;
> +				}
> +
> +				spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> +				pud_clear(pud);
> +				spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> +				continue;
> +			}
> +
> +			/*
> +			 * We use 1G page, but we need to remove part of them,
> +			 * so split 1G page to 2M page.
> +			 */
> +			pmd_base = (pmd_t *)alloc_low_page(&pmd_phys);
> +			BUG_ON(!pmd_base);
> +			__split_large_page((pte_t *)pud, addr,
> +					   (pte_t *)pmd_base);
> +
> +			spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> +			pud_populate(&init_mm, pud, __va(pmd_phys));
> +			spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> +
> +			flush_tlb_all();
> +		}
> +
> +		pmd_base = (pmd_t *)map_low_page((pmd_t *)pud_page_vaddr(*pud));
> +		remove_pmd_table(pmd_base, addr, next, direct);
> +		free_pmd_table(pmd_base, pud);
> +		unmap_low_page(pmd_base);
> +	}
> +
> +	if (direct)
> +		update_page_count(PG_LEVEL_1G, -pages);
> +}
> +
> +/* start and end are both virtual address. */
> +static void __meminit
> +remove_pagetable(unsigned long start, unsigned long end, bool direct)
> +{
> +	unsigned long next;
> +	pgd_t *pgd;
> +	pud_t *pud;
> +	bool pgd_changed = false;
> +
> +	for (; start < end; start = next) {
> +		pgd = pgd_offset_k(start);
> +		if (!pgd_present(*pgd))
> +			continue;
> +
> +		next = pgd_addr_end(start, end);
> +
> +		pud = (pud_t *)map_low_page((pud_t *)pgd_page_vaddr(*pgd));
> +		remove_pud_table(pud, start, next, direct);
> +		if (free_pud_table(pud, pgd))
> +			pgd_changed = true;
> +		unmap_low_page(pud);
> +	}
> +
> +	if (pgd_changed)
> +		sync_global_pgds(start, end - 1);
> +
> +	flush_tlb_all();
> +}
> +
>  #ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTREMOVE
>  int __ref arch_remove_memory(u64 start, u64 size)
>  {
> diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/pageattr.c b/arch/x86/mm/pageattr.c
> index a718e0d..7dcb6f9 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/mm/pageattr.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/mm/pageattr.c
> @@ -501,21 +501,13 @@ out_unlock:
>  	return do_split;
>  }
>  
> -static int split_large_page(pte_t *kpte, unsigned long address)
> +int __split_large_page(pte_t *kpte, unsigned long address, pte_t *pbase)
>  {
>  	unsigned long pfn, pfninc = 1;
>  	unsigned int i, level;
> -	pte_t *pbase, *tmp;
> +	pte_t *tmp;
>  	pgprot_t ref_prot;
> -	struct page *base;
> -
> -	if (!debug_pagealloc)
> -		spin_unlock(&cpa_lock);
> -	base = alloc_pages(GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_NOTRACK, 0);
> -	if (!debug_pagealloc)
> -		spin_lock(&cpa_lock);
> -	if (!base)
> -		return -ENOMEM;
> +	struct page *base = virt_to_page(pbase);
>  
>  	spin_lock(&pgd_lock);
>  	/*
> @@ -523,10 +515,11 @@ static int split_large_page(pte_t *kpte, unsigned long address)
>  	 * up for us already:
>  	 */
>  	tmp = lookup_address(address, &level);
> -	if (tmp != kpte)
> -		goto out_unlock;
> +	if (tmp != kpte) {
> +		spin_unlock(&pgd_lock);
> +		return 1;
> +	}
>  
> -	pbase = (pte_t *)page_address(base);
>  	paravirt_alloc_pte(&init_mm, page_to_pfn(base));
>  	ref_prot = pte_pgprot(pte_clrhuge(*kpte));
>  	/*
> @@ -579,17 +572,27 @@ static int split_large_page(pte_t *kpte, unsigned long address)
>  	 * going on.
>  	 */
>  	__flush_tlb_all();
> +	spin_unlock(&pgd_lock);
>  
> -	base = NULL;
> +	return 0;
> +}
>  
> -out_unlock:
> -	/*
> -	 * If we dropped out via the lookup_address check under
> -	 * pgd_lock then stick the page back into the pool:
> -	 */
> -	if (base)
> +static int split_large_page(pte_t *kpte, unsigned long address)
> +{
> +	pte_t *pbase;
> +	struct page *base;
> +
> +	if (!debug_pagealloc)
> +		spin_unlock(&cpa_lock);
> +	base = alloc_pages(GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_NOTRACK, 0);
> +	if (!debug_pagealloc)
> +		spin_lock(&cpa_lock);
> +	if (!base)
> +		return -ENOMEM;
> +
> +	pbase = (pte_t *)page_address(base);
> +	if (__split_large_page(kpte, address, pbase))
>  		__free_page(base);
> -	spin_unlock(&pgd_lock);
>  
>  	return 0;
>  }
> diff --git a/include/linux/bootmem.h b/include/linux/bootmem.h
> index 3f778c2..190ff06 100644
> --- a/include/linux/bootmem.h
> +++ b/include/linux/bootmem.h
> @@ -53,6 +53,7 @@ extern void free_bootmem_node(pg_data_t *pgdat,
>  			      unsigned long size);
>  extern void free_bootmem(unsigned long physaddr, unsigned long size);
>  extern void free_bootmem_late(unsigned long physaddr, unsigned long size);
> +extern void __free_pages_bootmem(struct page *page, unsigned int order);
>  
>  /*
>   * Flags for reserve_bootmem (also if CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_BOOTMEM_NODE,


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Simon Jeons - Jan. 29, 2013, 1:04 p.m.
Hi Tang,
On Wed, 2013-01-09 at 17:32 +0800, Tang Chen wrote:
> From: Wen Congyang <wency@cn.fujitsu.com>
> 
> When memory is removed, the corresponding pagetables should alse be removed.
> This patch introduces some common APIs to support vmemmap pagetable and x86_64
> architecture pagetable removing.

Why don't need to build_all_zonelists like online_pages does during
hot-add path(add_memory)?

> 
> All pages of virtual mapping in removed memory cannot be freedi if some pages
> used as PGD/PUD includes not only removed memory but also other memory. So the
> patch uses the following way to check whether page can be freed or not.
> 
>  1. When removing memory, the page structs of the revmoved memory are filled
>     with 0FD.
>  2. All page structs are filled with 0xFD on PT/PMD, PT/PMD can be cleared.
>     In this case, the page used as PT/PMD can be freed.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Yasuaki Ishimatsu <isimatu.yasuaki@jp.fujitsu.com>
> Signed-off-by: Jianguo Wu <wujianguo@huawei.com>
> Signed-off-by: Wen Congyang <wency@cn.fujitsu.com>
> Signed-off-by: Tang Chen <tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com>
> ---
>  arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_types.h |    1 +
>  arch/x86/mm/init_64.c                |  299 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  arch/x86/mm/pageattr.c               |   47 +++---
>  include/linux/bootmem.h              |    1 +
>  4 files changed, 326 insertions(+), 22 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_types.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_types.h
> index 3c32db8..4b6fd2a 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_types.h
> +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_types.h
> @@ -352,6 +352,7 @@ static inline void update_page_count(int level, unsigned long pages) { }
>   * as a pte too.
>   */
>  extern pte_t *lookup_address(unsigned long address, unsigned int *level);
> +extern int __split_large_page(pte_t *kpte, unsigned long address, pte_t *pbase);
>  
>  #endif	/* !__ASSEMBLY__ */
>  
> diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c b/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c
> index 9ac1723..fe01116 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c
> @@ -682,6 +682,305 @@ int arch_add_memory(int nid, u64 start, u64 size)
>  }
>  EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(arch_add_memory);
>  
> +#define PAGE_INUSE 0xFD
> +
> +static void __meminit free_pagetable(struct page *page, int order)
> +{
> +	struct zone *zone;
> +	bool bootmem = false;
> +	unsigned long magic;
> +	unsigned int nr_pages = 1 << order;
> +
> +	/* bootmem page has reserved flag */
> +	if (PageReserved(page)) {
> +		__ClearPageReserved(page);
> +		bootmem = true;
> +
> +		magic = (unsigned long)page->lru.next;
> +		if (magic == SECTION_INFO || magic == MIX_SECTION_INFO) {
> +			while (nr_pages--)
> +				put_page_bootmem(page++);
> +		} else
> +			__free_pages_bootmem(page, order);
> +	} else
> +		free_pages((unsigned long)page_address(page), order);
> +
> +	/*
> +	 * SECTION_INFO pages and MIX_SECTION_INFO pages
> +	 * are all allocated by bootmem.
> +	 */
> +	if (bootmem) {
> +		zone = page_zone(page);
> +		zone_span_writelock(zone);
> +		zone->present_pages += nr_pages;
> +		zone_span_writeunlock(zone);
> +		totalram_pages += nr_pages;
> +	}
> +}
> +
> +static void __meminit free_pte_table(pte_t *pte_start, pmd_t *pmd)
> +{
> +	pte_t *pte;
> +	int i;
> +
> +	for (i = 0; i < PTRS_PER_PTE; i++) {
> +		pte = pte_start + i;
> +		if (pte_val(*pte))
> +			return;
> +	}
> +
> +	/* free a pte talbe */
> +	free_pagetable(pmd_page(*pmd), 0);
> +	spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> +	pmd_clear(pmd);
> +	spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> +}
> +
> +static void __meminit free_pmd_table(pmd_t *pmd_start, pud_t *pud)
> +{
> +	pmd_t *pmd;
> +	int i;
> +
> +	for (i = 0; i < PTRS_PER_PMD; i++) {
> +		pmd = pmd_start + i;
> +		if (pmd_val(*pmd))
> +			return;
> +	}
> +
> +	/* free a pmd talbe */
> +	free_pagetable(pud_page(*pud), 0);
> +	spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> +	pud_clear(pud);
> +	spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> +}
> +
> +/* Return true if pgd is changed, otherwise return false. */
> +static bool __meminit free_pud_table(pud_t *pud_start, pgd_t *pgd)
> +{
> +	pud_t *pud;
> +	int i;
> +
> +	for (i = 0; i < PTRS_PER_PUD; i++) {
> +		pud = pud_start + i;
> +		if (pud_val(*pud))
> +			return false;
> +	}
> +
> +	/* free a pud table */
> +	free_pagetable(pgd_page(*pgd), 0);
> +	spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> +	pgd_clear(pgd);
> +	spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> +
> +	return true;
> +}
> +
> +static void __meminit
> +remove_pte_table(pte_t *pte_start, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
> +		 bool direct)
> +{
> +	unsigned long next, pages = 0;
> +	pte_t *pte;
> +	void *page_addr;
> +	phys_addr_t phys_addr;
> +
> +	pte = pte_start + pte_index(addr);
> +	for (; addr < end; addr = next, pte++) {
> +		next = (addr + PAGE_SIZE) & PAGE_MASK;
> +		if (next > end)
> +			next = end;
> +
> +		if (!pte_present(*pte))
> +			continue;
> +
> +		/*
> +		 * We mapped [0,1G) memory as identity mapping when
> +		 * initializing, in arch/x86/kernel/head_64.S. These
> +		 * pagetables cannot be removed.
> +		 */
> +		phys_addr = pte_val(*pte) + (addr & PAGE_MASK);
> +		if (phys_addr < (phys_addr_t)0x40000000)
> +			return;
> +
> +		if (IS_ALIGNED(addr, PAGE_SIZE) &&
> +		    IS_ALIGNED(next, PAGE_SIZE)) {
> +			if (!direct) {
> +				free_pagetable(pte_page(*pte), 0);
> +				pages++;
> +			}
> +
> +			spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> +			pte_clear(&init_mm, addr, pte);
> +			spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> +		} else {
> +			/*
> +			 * If we are not removing the whole page, it means
> +			 * other ptes in this page are being used and we canot
> +			 * remove them. So fill the unused ptes with 0xFD, and
> +			 * remove the page when it is wholly filled with 0xFD.
> +			 */
> +			memset((void *)addr, PAGE_INUSE, next - addr);
> +			page_addr = page_address(pte_page(*pte));
> +
> +			if (!memchr_inv(page_addr, PAGE_INUSE, PAGE_SIZE)) {
> +				free_pagetable(pte_page(*pte), 0);
> +				pages++;
> +
> +				spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> +				pte_clear(&init_mm, addr, pte);
> +				spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> +			}
> +		}
> +	}
> +
> +	/* Call free_pte_table() in remove_pmd_table(). */
> +	flush_tlb_all();
> +	if (direct)
> +		update_page_count(PG_LEVEL_4K, -pages);
> +}
> +
> +static void __meminit
> +remove_pmd_table(pmd_t *pmd_start, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
> +		 bool direct)
> +{
> +	unsigned long pte_phys, next, pages = 0;
> +	pte_t *pte_base;
> +	pmd_t *pmd;
> +
> +	pmd = pmd_start + pmd_index(addr);
> +	for (; addr < end; addr = next, pmd++) {
> +		next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end);
> +
> +		if (!pmd_present(*pmd))
> +			continue;
> +
> +		if (pmd_large(*pmd)) {
> +			if (IS_ALIGNED(addr, PMD_SIZE) &&
> +			    IS_ALIGNED(next, PMD_SIZE)) {
> +				if (!direct) {
> +					free_pagetable(pmd_page(*pmd),
> +						       get_order(PMD_SIZE));
> +					pages++;
> +				}
> +
> +				spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> +				pmd_clear(pmd);
> +				spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> +				continue;
> +			}
> +
> +			/*
> +			 * We use 2M page, but we need to remove part of them,
> +			 * so split 2M page to 4K page.
> +			 */
> +			pte_base = (pte_t *)alloc_low_page(&pte_phys);
> +			BUG_ON(!pte_base);
> +			__split_large_page((pte_t *)pmd, addr,
> +					   (pte_t *)pte_base);
> +
> +			spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> +			pmd_populate_kernel(&init_mm, pmd, __va(pte_phys));
> +			spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> +
> +			flush_tlb_all();
> +		}
> +
> +		pte_base = (pte_t *)map_low_page((pte_t *)pmd_page_vaddr(*pmd));
> +		remove_pte_table(pte_base, addr, next, direct);
> +		free_pte_table(pte_base, pmd);
> +		unmap_low_page(pte_base);
> +	}
> +
> +	/* Call free_pmd_table() in remove_pud_table(). */
> +	if (direct)
> +		update_page_count(PG_LEVEL_2M, -pages);
> +}
> +
> +static void __meminit
> +remove_pud_table(pud_t *pud_start, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
> +		 bool direct)
> +{
> +	unsigned long pmd_phys, next, pages = 0;
> +	pmd_t *pmd_base;
> +	pud_t *pud;
> +
> +	pud = pud_start + pud_index(addr);
> +	for (; addr < end; addr = next, pud++) {
> +		next = pud_addr_end(addr, end);
> +
> +		if (!pud_present(*pud))
> +			continue;
> +
> +		if (pud_large(*pud)) {
> +			if (IS_ALIGNED(addr, PUD_SIZE) &&
> +			    IS_ALIGNED(next, PUD_SIZE)) {
> +				if (!direct) {
> +					free_pagetable(pud_page(*pud),
> +						       get_order(PUD_SIZE));
> +					pages++;
> +				}
> +
> +				spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> +				pud_clear(pud);
> +				spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> +				continue;
> +			}
> +
> +			/*
> +			 * We use 1G page, but we need to remove part of them,
> +			 * so split 1G page to 2M page.
> +			 */
> +			pmd_base = (pmd_t *)alloc_low_page(&pmd_phys);
> +			BUG_ON(!pmd_base);
> +			__split_large_page((pte_t *)pud, addr,
> +					   (pte_t *)pmd_base);
> +
> +			spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> +			pud_populate(&init_mm, pud, __va(pmd_phys));
> +			spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> +
> +			flush_tlb_all();
> +		}
> +
> +		pmd_base = (pmd_t *)map_low_page((pmd_t *)pud_page_vaddr(*pud));
> +		remove_pmd_table(pmd_base, addr, next, direct);
> +		free_pmd_table(pmd_base, pud);
> +		unmap_low_page(pmd_base);
> +	}
> +
> +	if (direct)
> +		update_page_count(PG_LEVEL_1G, -pages);
> +}
> +
> +/* start and end are both virtual address. */
> +static void __meminit
> +remove_pagetable(unsigned long start, unsigned long end, bool direct)
> +{
> +	unsigned long next;
> +	pgd_t *pgd;
> +	pud_t *pud;
> +	bool pgd_changed = false;
> +
> +	for (; start < end; start = next) {
> +		pgd = pgd_offset_k(start);
> +		if (!pgd_present(*pgd))
> +			continue;
> +
> +		next = pgd_addr_end(start, end);
> +
> +		pud = (pud_t *)map_low_page((pud_t *)pgd_page_vaddr(*pgd));
> +		remove_pud_table(pud, start, next, direct);
> +		if (free_pud_table(pud, pgd))
> +			pgd_changed = true;
> +		unmap_low_page(pud);
> +	}
> +
> +	if (pgd_changed)
> +		sync_global_pgds(start, end - 1);
> +
> +	flush_tlb_all();
> +}
> +
>  #ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTREMOVE
>  int __ref arch_remove_memory(u64 start, u64 size)
>  {
> diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/pageattr.c b/arch/x86/mm/pageattr.c
> index a718e0d..7dcb6f9 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/mm/pageattr.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/mm/pageattr.c
> @@ -501,21 +501,13 @@ out_unlock:
>  	return do_split;
>  }
>  
> -static int split_large_page(pte_t *kpte, unsigned long address)
> +int __split_large_page(pte_t *kpte, unsigned long address, pte_t *pbase)
>  {
>  	unsigned long pfn, pfninc = 1;
>  	unsigned int i, level;
> -	pte_t *pbase, *tmp;
> +	pte_t *tmp;
>  	pgprot_t ref_prot;
> -	struct page *base;
> -
> -	if (!debug_pagealloc)
> -		spin_unlock(&cpa_lock);
> -	base = alloc_pages(GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_NOTRACK, 0);
> -	if (!debug_pagealloc)
> -		spin_lock(&cpa_lock);
> -	if (!base)
> -		return -ENOMEM;
> +	struct page *base = virt_to_page(pbase);
>  
>  	spin_lock(&pgd_lock);
>  	/*
> @@ -523,10 +515,11 @@ static int split_large_page(pte_t *kpte, unsigned long address)
>  	 * up for us already:
>  	 */
>  	tmp = lookup_address(address, &level);
> -	if (tmp != kpte)
> -		goto out_unlock;
> +	if (tmp != kpte) {
> +		spin_unlock(&pgd_lock);
> +		return 1;
> +	}
>  
> -	pbase = (pte_t *)page_address(base);
>  	paravirt_alloc_pte(&init_mm, page_to_pfn(base));
>  	ref_prot = pte_pgprot(pte_clrhuge(*kpte));
>  	/*
> @@ -579,17 +572,27 @@ static int split_large_page(pte_t *kpte, unsigned long address)
>  	 * going on.
>  	 */
>  	__flush_tlb_all();
> +	spin_unlock(&pgd_lock);
>  
> -	base = NULL;
> +	return 0;
> +}
>  
> -out_unlock:
> -	/*
> -	 * If we dropped out via the lookup_address check under
> -	 * pgd_lock then stick the page back into the pool:
> -	 */
> -	if (base)
> +static int split_large_page(pte_t *kpte, unsigned long address)
> +{
> +	pte_t *pbase;
> +	struct page *base;
> +
> +	if (!debug_pagealloc)
> +		spin_unlock(&cpa_lock);
> +	base = alloc_pages(GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_NOTRACK, 0);
> +	if (!debug_pagealloc)
> +		spin_lock(&cpa_lock);
> +	if (!base)
> +		return -ENOMEM;
> +
> +	pbase = (pte_t *)page_address(base);
> +	if (__split_large_page(kpte, address, pbase))
>  		__free_page(base);
> -	spin_unlock(&pgd_lock);
>  
>  	return 0;
>  }
> diff --git a/include/linux/bootmem.h b/include/linux/bootmem.h
> index 3f778c2..190ff06 100644
> --- a/include/linux/bootmem.h
> +++ b/include/linux/bootmem.h
> @@ -53,6 +53,7 @@ extern void free_bootmem_node(pg_data_t *pgdat,
>  			      unsigned long size);
>  extern void free_bootmem(unsigned long physaddr, unsigned long size);
>  extern void free_bootmem_late(unsigned long physaddr, unsigned long size);
> +extern void __free_pages_bootmem(struct page *page, unsigned int order);
>  
>  /*
>   * Flags for reserve_bootmem (also if CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_BOOTMEM_NODE,


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Jianguo Wu - Jan. 30, 2013, 1:53 a.m.
On 2013/1/29 21:02, Simon Jeons wrote:

> Hi Tang,
> On Wed, 2013-01-09 at 17:32 +0800, Tang Chen wrote:
>> From: Wen Congyang <wency@cn.fujitsu.com>
>>
>> When memory is removed, the corresponding pagetables should alse be removed.
>> This patch introduces some common APIs to support vmemmap pagetable and x86_64
>> architecture pagetable removing.
>>
> 
> When page table of hot-add memory is created?


Hi Simon,

For x86_64, page table of hot-add memory is created by:
    add_memory->arch_add_memory->init_memory_mapping->kernel_physical_mapping_init

> 
>> All pages of virtual mapping in removed memory cannot be freedi if some pages
>> used as PGD/PUD includes not only removed memory but also other memory. So the
>> patch uses the following way to check whether page can be freed or not.
>>
>>  1. When removing memory, the page structs of the revmoved memory are filled
>>     with 0FD.
>>  2. All page structs are filled with 0xFD on PT/PMD, PT/PMD can be cleared.
>>     In this case, the page used as PT/PMD can be freed.
>>
>> Signed-off-by: Yasuaki Ishimatsu <isimatu.yasuaki@jp.fujitsu.com>
>> Signed-off-by: Jianguo Wu <wujianguo@huawei.com>
>> Signed-off-by: Wen Congyang <wency@cn.fujitsu.com>
>> Signed-off-by: Tang Chen <tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com>
>> ---
>>  arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_types.h |    1 +
>>  arch/x86/mm/init_64.c                |  299 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>>  arch/x86/mm/pageattr.c               |   47 +++---
>>  include/linux/bootmem.h              |    1 +
>>  4 files changed, 326 insertions(+), 22 deletions(-)
>>
>> diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_types.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_types.h
>> index 3c32db8..4b6fd2a 100644
>> --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_types.h
>> +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_types.h
>> @@ -352,6 +352,7 @@ static inline void update_page_count(int level, unsigned long pages) { }
>>   * as a pte too.
>>   */
>>  extern pte_t *lookup_address(unsigned long address, unsigned int *level);
>> +extern int __split_large_page(pte_t *kpte, unsigned long address, pte_t *pbase);
>>  
>>  #endif	/* !__ASSEMBLY__ */
>>  
>> diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c b/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c
>> index 9ac1723..fe01116 100644
>> --- a/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c
>> +++ b/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c
>> @@ -682,6 +682,305 @@ int arch_add_memory(int nid, u64 start, u64 size)
>>  }
>>  EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(arch_add_memory);
>>  
>> +#define PAGE_INUSE 0xFD
>> +
>> +static void __meminit free_pagetable(struct page *page, int order)
>> +{
>> +	struct zone *zone;
>> +	bool bootmem = false;
>> +	unsigned long magic;
>> +	unsigned int nr_pages = 1 << order;
>> +
>> +	/* bootmem page has reserved flag */
>> +	if (PageReserved(page)) {
>> +		__ClearPageReserved(page);
>> +		bootmem = true;
>> +
>> +		magic = (unsigned long)page->lru.next;
>> +		if (magic == SECTION_INFO || magic == MIX_SECTION_INFO) {
>> +			while (nr_pages--)
>> +				put_page_bootmem(page++);
>> +		} else
>> +			__free_pages_bootmem(page, order);
>> +	} else
>> +		free_pages((unsigned long)page_address(page), order);
>> +
>> +	/*
>> +	 * SECTION_INFO pages and MIX_SECTION_INFO pages
>> +	 * are all allocated by bootmem.
>> +	 */
>> +	if (bootmem) {
>> +		zone = page_zone(page);
>> +		zone_span_writelock(zone);
>> +		zone->present_pages += nr_pages;
>> +		zone_span_writeunlock(zone);
>> +		totalram_pages += nr_pages;
>> +	}
>> +}
>> +
>> +static void __meminit free_pte_table(pte_t *pte_start, pmd_t *pmd)
>> +{
>> +	pte_t *pte;
>> +	int i;
>> +
>> +	for (i = 0; i < PTRS_PER_PTE; i++) {
>> +		pte = pte_start + i;
>> +		if (pte_val(*pte))
>> +			return;
>> +	}
>> +
>> +	/* free a pte talbe */
>> +	free_pagetable(pmd_page(*pmd), 0);
>> +	spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
>> +	pmd_clear(pmd);
>> +	spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
>> +}
>> +
>> +static void __meminit free_pmd_table(pmd_t *pmd_start, pud_t *pud)
>> +{
>> +	pmd_t *pmd;
>> +	int i;
>> +
>> +	for (i = 0; i < PTRS_PER_PMD; i++) {
>> +		pmd = pmd_start + i;
>> +		if (pmd_val(*pmd))
>> +			return;
>> +	}
>> +
>> +	/* free a pmd talbe */
>> +	free_pagetable(pud_page(*pud), 0);
>> +	spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
>> +	pud_clear(pud);
>> +	spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
>> +}
>> +
>> +/* Return true if pgd is changed, otherwise return false. */
>> +static bool __meminit free_pud_table(pud_t *pud_start, pgd_t *pgd)
>> +{
>> +	pud_t *pud;
>> +	int i;
>> +
>> +	for (i = 0; i < PTRS_PER_PUD; i++) {
>> +		pud = pud_start + i;
>> +		if (pud_val(*pud))
>> +			return false;
>> +	}
>> +
>> +	/* free a pud table */
>> +	free_pagetable(pgd_page(*pgd), 0);
>> +	spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
>> +	pgd_clear(pgd);
>> +	spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
>> +
>> +	return true;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static void __meminit
>> +remove_pte_table(pte_t *pte_start, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
>> +		 bool direct)
>> +{
>> +	unsigned long next, pages = 0;
>> +	pte_t *pte;
>> +	void *page_addr;
>> +	phys_addr_t phys_addr;
>> +
>> +	pte = pte_start + pte_index(addr);
>> +	for (; addr < end; addr = next, pte++) {
>> +		next = (addr + PAGE_SIZE) & PAGE_MASK;
>> +		if (next > end)
>> +			next = end;
>> +
>> +		if (!pte_present(*pte))
>> +			continue;
>> +
>> +		/*
>> +		 * We mapped [0,1G) memory as identity mapping when
>> +		 * initializing, in arch/x86/kernel/head_64.S. These
>> +		 * pagetables cannot be removed.
>> +		 */
>> +		phys_addr = pte_val(*pte) + (addr & PAGE_MASK);
>> +		if (phys_addr < (phys_addr_t)0x40000000)
>> +			return;
>> +
>> +		if (IS_ALIGNED(addr, PAGE_SIZE) &&
>> +		    IS_ALIGNED(next, PAGE_SIZE)) {
>> +			if (!direct) {
>> +				free_pagetable(pte_page(*pte), 0);
>> +				pages++;
>> +			}
>> +
>> +			spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
>> +			pte_clear(&init_mm, addr, pte);
>> +			spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
>> +		} else {
>> +			/*
>> +			 * If we are not removing the whole page, it means
>> +			 * other ptes in this page are being used and we canot
>> +			 * remove them. So fill the unused ptes with 0xFD, and
>> +			 * remove the page when it is wholly filled with 0xFD.
>> +			 */
>> +			memset((void *)addr, PAGE_INUSE, next - addr);
>> +			page_addr = page_address(pte_page(*pte));
>> +
>> +			if (!memchr_inv(page_addr, PAGE_INUSE, PAGE_SIZE)) {
>> +				free_pagetable(pte_page(*pte), 0);
>> +				pages++;
>> +
>> +				spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
>> +				pte_clear(&init_mm, addr, pte);
>> +				spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
>> +			}
>> +		}
>> +	}
>> +
>> +	/* Call free_pte_table() in remove_pmd_table(). */
>> +	flush_tlb_all();
>> +	if (direct)
>> +		update_page_count(PG_LEVEL_4K, -pages);
>> +}
>> +
>> +static void __meminit
>> +remove_pmd_table(pmd_t *pmd_start, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
>> +		 bool direct)
>> +{
>> +	unsigned long pte_phys, next, pages = 0;
>> +	pte_t *pte_base;
>> +	pmd_t *pmd;
>> +
>> +	pmd = pmd_start + pmd_index(addr);
>> +	for (; addr < end; addr = next, pmd++) {
>> +		next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end);
>> +
>> +		if (!pmd_present(*pmd))
>> +			continue;
>> +
>> +		if (pmd_large(*pmd)) {
>> +			if (IS_ALIGNED(addr, PMD_SIZE) &&
>> +			    IS_ALIGNED(next, PMD_SIZE)) {
>> +				if (!direct) {
>> +					free_pagetable(pmd_page(*pmd),
>> +						       get_order(PMD_SIZE));
>> +					pages++;
>> +				}
>> +
>> +				spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
>> +				pmd_clear(pmd);
>> +				spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
>> +				continue;
>> +			}
>> +
>> +			/*
>> +			 * We use 2M page, but we need to remove part of them,
>> +			 * so split 2M page to 4K page.
>> +			 */
>> +			pte_base = (pte_t *)alloc_low_page(&pte_phys);
>> +			BUG_ON(!pte_base);
>> +			__split_large_page((pte_t *)pmd, addr,
>> +					   (pte_t *)pte_base);
>> +
>> +			spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
>> +			pmd_populate_kernel(&init_mm, pmd, __va(pte_phys));
>> +			spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
>> +
>> +			flush_tlb_all();
>> +		}
>> +
>> +		pte_base = (pte_t *)map_low_page((pte_t *)pmd_page_vaddr(*pmd));
>> +		remove_pte_table(pte_base, addr, next, direct);
>> +		free_pte_table(pte_base, pmd);
>> +		unmap_low_page(pte_base);
>> +	}
>> +
>> +	/* Call free_pmd_table() in remove_pud_table(). */
>> +	if (direct)
>> +		update_page_count(PG_LEVEL_2M, -pages);
>> +}
>> +
>> +static void __meminit
>> +remove_pud_table(pud_t *pud_start, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
>> +		 bool direct)
>> +{
>> +	unsigned long pmd_phys, next, pages = 0;
>> +	pmd_t *pmd_base;
>> +	pud_t *pud;
>> +
>> +	pud = pud_start + pud_index(addr);
>> +	for (; addr < end; addr = next, pud++) {
>> +		next = pud_addr_end(addr, end);
>> +
>> +		if (!pud_present(*pud))
>> +			continue;
>> +
>> +		if (pud_large(*pud)) {
>> +			if (IS_ALIGNED(addr, PUD_SIZE) &&
>> +			    IS_ALIGNED(next, PUD_SIZE)) {
>> +				if (!direct) {
>> +					free_pagetable(pud_page(*pud),
>> +						       get_order(PUD_SIZE));
>> +					pages++;
>> +				}
>> +
>> +				spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
>> +				pud_clear(pud);
>> +				spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
>> +				continue;
>> +			}
>> +
>> +			/*
>> +			 * We use 1G page, but we need to remove part of them,
>> +			 * so split 1G page to 2M page.
>> +			 */
>> +			pmd_base = (pmd_t *)alloc_low_page(&pmd_phys);
>> +			BUG_ON(!pmd_base);
>> +			__split_large_page((pte_t *)pud, addr,
>> +					   (pte_t *)pmd_base);
>> +
>> +			spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
>> +			pud_populate(&init_mm, pud, __va(pmd_phys));
>> +			spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
>> +
>> +			flush_tlb_all();
>> +		}
>> +
>> +		pmd_base = (pmd_t *)map_low_page((pmd_t *)pud_page_vaddr(*pud));
>> +		remove_pmd_table(pmd_base, addr, next, direct);
>> +		free_pmd_table(pmd_base, pud);
>> +		unmap_low_page(pmd_base);
>> +	}
>> +
>> +	if (direct)
>> +		update_page_count(PG_LEVEL_1G, -pages);
>> +}
>> +
>> +/* start and end are both virtual address. */
>> +static void __meminit
>> +remove_pagetable(unsigned long start, unsigned long end, bool direct)
>> +{
>> +	unsigned long next;
>> +	pgd_t *pgd;
>> +	pud_t *pud;
>> +	bool pgd_changed = false;
>> +
>> +	for (; start < end; start = next) {
>> +		pgd = pgd_offset_k(start);
>> +		if (!pgd_present(*pgd))
>> +			continue;
>> +
>> +		next = pgd_addr_end(start, end);
>> +
>> +		pud = (pud_t *)map_low_page((pud_t *)pgd_page_vaddr(*pgd));
>> +		remove_pud_table(pud, start, next, direct);
>> +		if (free_pud_table(pud, pgd))
>> +			pgd_changed = true;
>> +		unmap_low_page(pud);
>> +	}
>> +
>> +	if (pgd_changed)
>> +		sync_global_pgds(start, end - 1);
>> +
>> +	flush_tlb_all();
>> +}
>> +
>>  #ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTREMOVE
>>  int __ref arch_remove_memory(u64 start, u64 size)
>>  {
>> diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/pageattr.c b/arch/x86/mm/pageattr.c
>> index a718e0d..7dcb6f9 100644
>> --- a/arch/x86/mm/pageattr.c
>> +++ b/arch/x86/mm/pageattr.c
>> @@ -501,21 +501,13 @@ out_unlock:
>>  	return do_split;
>>  }
>>  
>> -static int split_large_page(pte_t *kpte, unsigned long address)
>> +int __split_large_page(pte_t *kpte, unsigned long address, pte_t *pbase)
>>  {
>>  	unsigned long pfn, pfninc = 1;
>>  	unsigned int i, level;
>> -	pte_t *pbase, *tmp;
>> +	pte_t *tmp;
>>  	pgprot_t ref_prot;
>> -	struct page *base;
>> -
>> -	if (!debug_pagealloc)
>> -		spin_unlock(&cpa_lock);
>> -	base = alloc_pages(GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_NOTRACK, 0);
>> -	if (!debug_pagealloc)
>> -		spin_lock(&cpa_lock);
>> -	if (!base)
>> -		return -ENOMEM;
>> +	struct page *base = virt_to_page(pbase);
>>  
>>  	spin_lock(&pgd_lock);
>>  	/*
>> @@ -523,10 +515,11 @@ static int split_large_page(pte_t *kpte, unsigned long address)
>>  	 * up for us already:
>>  	 */
>>  	tmp = lookup_address(address, &level);
>> -	if (tmp != kpte)
>> -		goto out_unlock;
>> +	if (tmp != kpte) {
>> +		spin_unlock(&pgd_lock);
>> +		return 1;
>> +	}
>>  
>> -	pbase = (pte_t *)page_address(base);
>>  	paravirt_alloc_pte(&init_mm, page_to_pfn(base));
>>  	ref_prot = pte_pgprot(pte_clrhuge(*kpte));
>>  	/*
>> @@ -579,17 +572,27 @@ static int split_large_page(pte_t *kpte, unsigned long address)
>>  	 * going on.
>>  	 */
>>  	__flush_tlb_all();
>> +	spin_unlock(&pgd_lock);
>>  
>> -	base = NULL;
>> +	return 0;
>> +}
>>  
>> -out_unlock:
>> -	/*
>> -	 * If we dropped out via the lookup_address check under
>> -	 * pgd_lock then stick the page back into the pool:
>> -	 */
>> -	if (base)
>> +static int split_large_page(pte_t *kpte, unsigned long address)
>> +{
>> +	pte_t *pbase;
>> +	struct page *base;
>> +
>> +	if (!debug_pagealloc)
>> +		spin_unlock(&cpa_lock);
>> +	base = alloc_pages(GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_NOTRACK, 0);
>> +	if (!debug_pagealloc)
>> +		spin_lock(&cpa_lock);
>> +	if (!base)
>> +		return -ENOMEM;
>> +
>> +	pbase = (pte_t *)page_address(base);
>> +	if (__split_large_page(kpte, address, pbase))
>>  		__free_page(base);
>> -	spin_unlock(&pgd_lock);
>>  
>>  	return 0;
>>  }
>> diff --git a/include/linux/bootmem.h b/include/linux/bootmem.h
>> index 3f778c2..190ff06 100644
>> --- a/include/linux/bootmem.h
>> +++ b/include/linux/bootmem.h
>> @@ -53,6 +53,7 @@ extern void free_bootmem_node(pg_data_t *pgdat,
>>  			      unsigned long size);
>>  extern void free_bootmem(unsigned long physaddr, unsigned long size);
>>  extern void free_bootmem_late(unsigned long physaddr, unsigned long size);
>> +extern void __free_pages_bootmem(struct page *page, unsigned int order);
>>  
>>  /*
>>   * Flags for reserve_bootmem (also if CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_BOOTMEM_NODE,
> 
> 
> 
> .
> 



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Simon Jeons - Jan. 30, 2013, 2:13 a.m.
On Wed, 2013-01-30 at 09:53 +0800, Jianguo Wu wrote:
> On 2013/1/29 21:02, Simon Jeons wrote:
> 
> > Hi Tang,
> > On Wed, 2013-01-09 at 17:32 +0800, Tang Chen wrote:
> >> From: Wen Congyang <wency@cn.fujitsu.com>
> >>
> >> When memory is removed, the corresponding pagetables should alse be removed.
> >> This patch introduces some common APIs to support vmemmap pagetable and x86_64
> >> architecture pagetable removing.
> >>
> > 
> > When page table of hot-add memory is created?
> 
> 
> Hi Simon,
> 
> For x86_64, page table of hot-add memory is created by:
>     add_memory->arch_add_memory->init_memory_mapping->kernel_physical_mapping_init

Yup, thanks. :)

> 
> > 
> >> All pages of virtual mapping in removed memory cannot be freedi if some pages
> >> used as PGD/PUD includes not only removed memory but also other memory. So the
> >> patch uses the following way to check whether page can be freed or not.
> >>
> >>  1. When removing memory, the page structs of the revmoved memory are filled
> >>     with 0FD.
> >>  2. All page structs are filled with 0xFD on PT/PMD, PT/PMD can be cleared.
> >>     In this case, the page used as PT/PMD can be freed.
> >>
> >> Signed-off-by: Yasuaki Ishimatsu <isimatu.yasuaki@jp.fujitsu.com>
> >> Signed-off-by: Jianguo Wu <wujianguo@huawei.com>
> >> Signed-off-by: Wen Congyang <wency@cn.fujitsu.com>
> >> Signed-off-by: Tang Chen <tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com>
> >> ---
> >>  arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_types.h |    1 +
> >>  arch/x86/mm/init_64.c                |  299 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> >>  arch/x86/mm/pageattr.c               |   47 +++---
> >>  include/linux/bootmem.h              |    1 +
> >>  4 files changed, 326 insertions(+), 22 deletions(-)
> >>
> >> diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_types.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_types.h
> >> index 3c32db8..4b6fd2a 100644
> >> --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_types.h
> >> +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_types.h
> >> @@ -352,6 +352,7 @@ static inline void update_page_count(int level, unsigned long pages) { }
> >>   * as a pte too.
> >>   */
> >>  extern pte_t *lookup_address(unsigned long address, unsigned int *level);
> >> +extern int __split_large_page(pte_t *kpte, unsigned long address, pte_t *pbase);
> >>  
> >>  #endif	/* !__ASSEMBLY__ */
> >>  
> >> diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c b/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c
> >> index 9ac1723..fe01116 100644
> >> --- a/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c
> >> +++ b/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c
> >> @@ -682,6 +682,305 @@ int arch_add_memory(int nid, u64 start, u64 size)
> >>  }
> >>  EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(arch_add_memory);
> >>  
> >> +#define PAGE_INUSE 0xFD
> >> +
> >> +static void __meminit free_pagetable(struct page *page, int order)
> >> +{
> >> +	struct zone *zone;
> >> +	bool bootmem = false;
> >> +	unsigned long magic;
> >> +	unsigned int nr_pages = 1 << order;
> >> +
> >> +	/* bootmem page has reserved flag */
> >> +	if (PageReserved(page)) {
> >> +		__ClearPageReserved(page);
> >> +		bootmem = true;
> >> +
> >> +		magic = (unsigned long)page->lru.next;
> >> +		if (magic == SECTION_INFO || magic == MIX_SECTION_INFO) {
> >> +			while (nr_pages--)
> >> +				put_page_bootmem(page++);
> >> +		} else
> >> +			__free_pages_bootmem(page, order);
> >> +	} else
> >> +		free_pages((unsigned long)page_address(page), order);
> >> +
> >> +	/*
> >> +	 * SECTION_INFO pages and MIX_SECTION_INFO pages
> >> +	 * are all allocated by bootmem.
> >> +	 */
> >> +	if (bootmem) {
> >> +		zone = page_zone(page);
> >> +		zone_span_writelock(zone);
> >> +		zone->present_pages += nr_pages;
> >> +		zone_span_writeunlock(zone);
> >> +		totalram_pages += nr_pages;
> >> +	}
> >> +}
> >> +
> >> +static void __meminit free_pte_table(pte_t *pte_start, pmd_t *pmd)
> >> +{
> >> +	pte_t *pte;
> >> +	int i;
> >> +
> >> +	for (i = 0; i < PTRS_PER_PTE; i++) {
> >> +		pte = pte_start + i;
> >> +		if (pte_val(*pte))
> >> +			return;
> >> +	}
> >> +
> >> +	/* free a pte talbe */
> >> +	free_pagetable(pmd_page(*pmd), 0);
> >> +	spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> >> +	pmd_clear(pmd);
> >> +	spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> >> +}
> >> +
> >> +static void __meminit free_pmd_table(pmd_t *pmd_start, pud_t *pud)
> >> +{
> >> +	pmd_t *pmd;
> >> +	int i;
> >> +
> >> +	for (i = 0; i < PTRS_PER_PMD; i++) {
> >> +		pmd = pmd_start + i;
> >> +		if (pmd_val(*pmd))
> >> +			return;
> >> +	}
> >> +
> >> +	/* free a pmd talbe */
> >> +	free_pagetable(pud_page(*pud), 0);
> >> +	spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> >> +	pud_clear(pud);
> >> +	spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> >> +}
> >> +
> >> +/* Return true if pgd is changed, otherwise return false. */
> >> +static bool __meminit free_pud_table(pud_t *pud_start, pgd_t *pgd)
> >> +{
> >> +	pud_t *pud;
> >> +	int i;
> >> +
> >> +	for (i = 0; i < PTRS_PER_PUD; i++) {
> >> +		pud = pud_start + i;
> >> +		if (pud_val(*pud))
> >> +			return false;
> >> +	}
> >> +
> >> +	/* free a pud table */
> >> +	free_pagetable(pgd_page(*pgd), 0);
> >> +	spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> >> +	pgd_clear(pgd);
> >> +	spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> >> +
> >> +	return true;
> >> +}
> >> +
> >> +static void __meminit
> >> +remove_pte_table(pte_t *pte_start, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
> >> +		 bool direct)
> >> +{
> >> +	unsigned long next, pages = 0;
> >> +	pte_t *pte;
> >> +	void *page_addr;
> >> +	phys_addr_t phys_addr;
> >> +
> >> +	pte = pte_start + pte_index(addr);
> >> +	for (; addr < end; addr = next, pte++) {
> >> +		next = (addr + PAGE_SIZE) & PAGE_MASK;
> >> +		if (next > end)
> >> +			next = end;
> >> +
> >> +		if (!pte_present(*pte))
> >> +			continue;
> >> +
> >> +		/*
> >> +		 * We mapped [0,1G) memory as identity mapping when
> >> +		 * initializing, in arch/x86/kernel/head_64.S. These
> >> +		 * pagetables cannot be removed.
> >> +		 */
> >> +		phys_addr = pte_val(*pte) + (addr & PAGE_MASK);
> >> +		if (phys_addr < (phys_addr_t)0x40000000)
> >> +			return;
> >> +
> >> +		if (IS_ALIGNED(addr, PAGE_SIZE) &&
> >> +		    IS_ALIGNED(next, PAGE_SIZE)) {
> >> +			if (!direct) {
> >> +				free_pagetable(pte_page(*pte), 0);
> >> +				pages++;
> >> +			}
> >> +
> >> +			spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> >> +			pte_clear(&init_mm, addr, pte);
> >> +			spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> >> +		} else {
> >> +			/*
> >> +			 * If we are not removing the whole page, it means
> >> +			 * other ptes in this page are being used and we canot
> >> +			 * remove them. So fill the unused ptes with 0xFD, and
> >> +			 * remove the page when it is wholly filled with 0xFD.
> >> +			 */
> >> +			memset((void *)addr, PAGE_INUSE, next - addr);
> >> +			page_addr = page_address(pte_page(*pte));
> >> +
> >> +			if (!memchr_inv(page_addr, PAGE_INUSE, PAGE_SIZE)) {
> >> +				free_pagetable(pte_page(*pte), 0);
> >> +				pages++;
> >> +
> >> +				spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> >> +				pte_clear(&init_mm, addr, pte);
> >> +				spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> >> +			}
> >> +		}
> >> +	}
> >> +
> >> +	/* Call free_pte_table() in remove_pmd_table(). */
> >> +	flush_tlb_all();
> >> +	if (direct)
> >> +		update_page_count(PG_LEVEL_4K, -pages);
> >> +}
> >> +
> >> +static void __meminit
> >> +remove_pmd_table(pmd_t *pmd_start, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
> >> +		 bool direct)
> >> +{
> >> +	unsigned long pte_phys, next, pages = 0;
> >> +	pte_t *pte_base;
> >> +	pmd_t *pmd;
> >> +
> >> +	pmd = pmd_start + pmd_index(addr);
> >> +	for (; addr < end; addr = next, pmd++) {
> >> +		next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end);
> >> +
> >> +		if (!pmd_present(*pmd))
> >> +			continue;
> >> +
> >> +		if (pmd_large(*pmd)) {
> >> +			if (IS_ALIGNED(addr, PMD_SIZE) &&
> >> +			    IS_ALIGNED(next, PMD_SIZE)) {
> >> +				if (!direct) {
> >> +					free_pagetable(pmd_page(*pmd),
> >> +						       get_order(PMD_SIZE));
> >> +					pages++;
> >> +				}
> >> +
> >> +				spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> >> +				pmd_clear(pmd);
> >> +				spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> >> +				continue;
> >> +			}
> >> +
> >> +			/*
> >> +			 * We use 2M page, but we need to remove part of them,
> >> +			 * so split 2M page to 4K page.
> >> +			 */
> >> +			pte_base = (pte_t *)alloc_low_page(&pte_phys);
> >> +			BUG_ON(!pte_base);
> >> +			__split_large_page((pte_t *)pmd, addr,
> >> +					   (pte_t *)pte_base);
> >> +
> >> +			spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> >> +			pmd_populate_kernel(&init_mm, pmd, __va(pte_phys));
> >> +			spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> >> +
> >> +			flush_tlb_all();
> >> +		}
> >> +
> >> +		pte_base = (pte_t *)map_low_page((pte_t *)pmd_page_vaddr(*pmd));
> >> +		remove_pte_table(pte_base, addr, next, direct);
> >> +		free_pte_table(pte_base, pmd);
> >> +		unmap_low_page(pte_base);
> >> +	}
> >> +
> >> +	/* Call free_pmd_table() in remove_pud_table(). */
> >> +	if (direct)
> >> +		update_page_count(PG_LEVEL_2M, -pages);
> >> +}
> >> +
> >> +static void __meminit
> >> +remove_pud_table(pud_t *pud_start, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
> >> +		 bool direct)
> >> +{
> >> +	unsigned long pmd_phys, next, pages = 0;
> >> +	pmd_t *pmd_base;
> >> +	pud_t *pud;
> >> +
> >> +	pud = pud_start + pud_index(addr);
> >> +	for (; addr < end; addr = next, pud++) {
> >> +		next = pud_addr_end(addr, end);
> >> +
> >> +		if (!pud_present(*pud))
> >> +			continue;
> >> +
> >> +		if (pud_large(*pud)) {
> >> +			if (IS_ALIGNED(addr, PUD_SIZE) &&
> >> +			    IS_ALIGNED(next, PUD_SIZE)) {
> >> +				if (!direct) {
> >> +					free_pagetable(pud_page(*pud),
> >> +						       get_order(PUD_SIZE));
> >> +					pages++;
> >> +				}
> >> +
> >> +				spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> >> +				pud_clear(pud);
> >> +				spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> >> +				continue;
> >> +			}
> >> +
> >> +			/*
> >> +			 * We use 1G page, but we need to remove part of them,
> >> +			 * so split 1G page to 2M page.
> >> +			 */
> >> +			pmd_base = (pmd_t *)alloc_low_page(&pmd_phys);
> >> +			BUG_ON(!pmd_base);
> >> +			__split_large_page((pte_t *)pud, addr,
> >> +					   (pte_t *)pmd_base);
> >> +
> >> +			spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> >> +			pud_populate(&init_mm, pud, __va(pmd_phys));
> >> +			spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> >> +
> >> +			flush_tlb_all();
> >> +		}
> >> +
> >> +		pmd_base = (pmd_t *)map_low_page((pmd_t *)pud_page_vaddr(*pud));
> >> +		remove_pmd_table(pmd_base, addr, next, direct);
> >> +		free_pmd_table(pmd_base, pud);
> >> +		unmap_low_page(pmd_base);
> >> +	}
> >> +
> >> +	if (direct)
> >> +		update_page_count(PG_LEVEL_1G, -pages);
> >> +}
> >> +
> >> +/* start and end are both virtual address. */
> >> +static void __meminit
> >> +remove_pagetable(unsigned long start, unsigned long end, bool direct)
> >> +{
> >> +	unsigned long next;
> >> +	pgd_t *pgd;
> >> +	pud_t *pud;
> >> +	bool pgd_changed = false;
> >> +
> >> +	for (; start < end; start = next) {
> >> +		pgd = pgd_offset_k(start);
> >> +		if (!pgd_present(*pgd))
> >> +			continue;
> >> +
> >> +		next = pgd_addr_end(start, end);
> >> +
> >> +		pud = (pud_t *)map_low_page((pud_t *)pgd_page_vaddr(*pgd));
> >> +		remove_pud_table(pud, start, next, direct);
> >> +		if (free_pud_table(pud, pgd))
> >> +			pgd_changed = true;
> >> +		unmap_low_page(pud);
> >> +	}
> >> +
> >> +	if (pgd_changed)
> >> +		sync_global_pgds(start, end - 1);
> >> +
> >> +	flush_tlb_all();
> >> +}
> >> +
> >>  #ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTREMOVE
> >>  int __ref arch_remove_memory(u64 start, u64 size)
> >>  {
> >> diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/pageattr.c b/arch/x86/mm/pageattr.c
> >> index a718e0d..7dcb6f9 100644
> >> --- a/arch/x86/mm/pageattr.c
> >> +++ b/arch/x86/mm/pageattr.c
> >> @@ -501,21 +501,13 @@ out_unlock:
> >>  	return do_split;
> >>  }
> >>  
> >> -static int split_large_page(pte_t *kpte, unsigned long address)
> >> +int __split_large_page(pte_t *kpte, unsigned long address, pte_t *pbase)
> >>  {
> >>  	unsigned long pfn, pfninc = 1;
> >>  	unsigned int i, level;
> >> -	pte_t *pbase, *tmp;
> >> +	pte_t *tmp;
> >>  	pgprot_t ref_prot;
> >> -	struct page *base;
> >> -
> >> -	if (!debug_pagealloc)
> >> -		spin_unlock(&cpa_lock);
> >> -	base = alloc_pages(GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_NOTRACK, 0);
> >> -	if (!debug_pagealloc)
> >> -		spin_lock(&cpa_lock);
> >> -	if (!base)
> >> -		return -ENOMEM;
> >> +	struct page *base = virt_to_page(pbase);
> >>  
> >>  	spin_lock(&pgd_lock);
> >>  	/*
> >> @@ -523,10 +515,11 @@ static int split_large_page(pte_t *kpte, unsigned long address)
> >>  	 * up for us already:
> >>  	 */
> >>  	tmp = lookup_address(address, &level);
> >> -	if (tmp != kpte)
> >> -		goto out_unlock;
> >> +	if (tmp != kpte) {
> >> +		spin_unlock(&pgd_lock);
> >> +		return 1;
> >> +	}
> >>  
> >> -	pbase = (pte_t *)page_address(base);
> >>  	paravirt_alloc_pte(&init_mm, page_to_pfn(base));
> >>  	ref_prot = pte_pgprot(pte_clrhuge(*kpte));
> >>  	/*
> >> @@ -579,17 +572,27 @@ static int split_large_page(pte_t *kpte, unsigned long address)
> >>  	 * going on.
> >>  	 */
> >>  	__flush_tlb_all();
> >> +	spin_unlock(&pgd_lock);
> >>  
> >> -	base = NULL;
> >> +	return 0;
> >> +}
> >>  
> >> -out_unlock:
> >> -	/*
> >> -	 * If we dropped out via the lookup_address check under
> >> -	 * pgd_lock then stick the page back into the pool:
> >> -	 */
> >> -	if (base)
> >> +static int split_large_page(pte_t *kpte, unsigned long address)
> >> +{
> >> +	pte_t *pbase;
> >> +	struct page *base;
> >> +
> >> +	if (!debug_pagealloc)
> >> +		spin_unlock(&cpa_lock);
> >> +	base = alloc_pages(GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_NOTRACK, 0);
> >> +	if (!debug_pagealloc)
> >> +		spin_lock(&cpa_lock);
> >> +	if (!base)
> >> +		return -ENOMEM;
> >> +
> >> +	pbase = (pte_t *)page_address(base);
> >> +	if (__split_large_page(kpte, address, pbase))
> >>  		__free_page(base);
> >> -	spin_unlock(&pgd_lock);
> >>  
> >>  	return 0;
> >>  }
> >> diff --git a/include/linux/bootmem.h b/include/linux/bootmem.h
> >> index 3f778c2..190ff06 100644
> >> --- a/include/linux/bootmem.h
> >> +++ b/include/linux/bootmem.h
> >> @@ -53,6 +53,7 @@ extern void free_bootmem_node(pg_data_t *pgdat,
> >>  			      unsigned long size);
> >>  extern void free_bootmem(unsigned long physaddr, unsigned long size);
> >>  extern void free_bootmem_late(unsigned long physaddr, unsigned long size);
> >> +extern void __free_pages_bootmem(struct page *page, unsigned int order);
> >>  
> >>  /*
> >>   * Flags for reserve_bootmem (also if CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_BOOTMEM_NODE,
> > 
> > 
> > 
> > .
> > 
> 
> 
> 


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Tang Chen - Jan. 30, 2013, 2:16 a.m.
On 01/29/2013 09:04 PM, Simon Jeons wrote:
> Hi Tang,
> On Wed, 2013-01-09 at 17:32 +0800, Tang Chen wrote:
>> From: Wen Congyang<wency@cn.fujitsu.com>
>>
>> When memory is removed, the corresponding pagetables should alse be removed.
>> This patch introduces some common APIs to support vmemmap pagetable and x86_64
>> architecture pagetable removing.
>
> Why don't need to build_all_zonelists like online_pages does during
> hot-add path(add_memory)?

Hi Simon,

As you said, build_all_zonelists is done by online_pages. When the 
memory device
is hot-added, we cannot use it. we can only use is when we online the 
pages on it.

But we can online the pages as different types, kernel or movable (which 
belongs to
different zones), and we can online part of the memory, not all of them.
So each time we online some pages, we should check if we need to update 
the zone list.

So I think that is why we do build_all_zonelists when online_pages.
(just my opinion)

Thanks. :)

>
>>
>> All pages of virtual mapping in removed memory cannot be freedi if some pages
>> used as PGD/PUD includes not only removed memory but also other memory. So the
>> patch uses the following way to check whether page can be freed or not.
>>
>>   1. When removing memory, the page structs of the revmoved memory are filled
>>      with 0FD.
>>   2. All page structs are filled with 0xFD on PT/PMD, PT/PMD can be cleared.
>>      In this case, the page used as PT/PMD can be freed.
>>
>> Signed-off-by: Yasuaki Ishimatsu<isimatu.yasuaki@jp.fujitsu.com>
>> Signed-off-by: Jianguo Wu<wujianguo@huawei.com>
>> Signed-off-by: Wen Congyang<wency@cn.fujitsu.com>
>> Signed-off-by: Tang Chen<tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com>
>> ---
>>   arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_types.h |    1 +
>>   arch/x86/mm/init_64.c                |  299 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>>   arch/x86/mm/pageattr.c               |   47 +++---
>>   include/linux/bootmem.h              |    1 +
>>   4 files changed, 326 insertions(+), 22 deletions(-)
>>
>> diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_types.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_types.h
>> index 3c32db8..4b6fd2a 100644
>> --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_types.h
>> +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_types.h
>> @@ -352,6 +352,7 @@ static inline void update_page_count(int level, unsigned long pages) { }
>>    * as a pte too.
>>    */
>>   extern pte_t *lookup_address(unsigned long address, unsigned int *level);
>> +extern int __split_large_page(pte_t *kpte, unsigned long address, pte_t *pbase);
>>
>>   #endif	/* !__ASSEMBLY__ */
>>
>> diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c b/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c
>> index 9ac1723..fe01116 100644
>> --- a/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c
>> +++ b/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c
>> @@ -682,6 +682,305 @@ int arch_add_memory(int nid, u64 start, u64 size)
>>   }
>>   EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(arch_add_memory);
>>
>> +#define PAGE_INUSE 0xFD
>> +
>> +static void __meminit free_pagetable(struct page *page, int order)
>> +{
>> +	struct zone *zone;
>> +	bool bootmem = false;
>> +	unsigned long magic;
>> +	unsigned int nr_pages = 1<<  order;
>> +
>> +	/* bootmem page has reserved flag */
>> +	if (PageReserved(page)) {
>> +		__ClearPageReserved(page);
>> +		bootmem = true;
>> +
>> +		magic = (unsigned long)page->lru.next;
>> +		if (magic == SECTION_INFO || magic == MIX_SECTION_INFO) {
>> +			while (nr_pages--)
>> +				put_page_bootmem(page++);
>> +		} else
>> +			__free_pages_bootmem(page, order);
>> +	} else
>> +		free_pages((unsigned long)page_address(page), order);
>> +
>> +	/*
>> +	 * SECTION_INFO pages and MIX_SECTION_INFO pages
>> +	 * are all allocated by bootmem.
>> +	 */
>> +	if (bootmem) {
>> +		zone = page_zone(page);
>> +		zone_span_writelock(zone);
>> +		zone->present_pages += nr_pages;
>> +		zone_span_writeunlock(zone);
>> +		totalram_pages += nr_pages;
>> +	}
>> +}
>> +
>> +static void __meminit free_pte_table(pte_t *pte_start, pmd_t *pmd)
>> +{
>> +	pte_t *pte;
>> +	int i;
>> +
>> +	for (i = 0; i<  PTRS_PER_PTE; i++) {
>> +		pte = pte_start + i;
>> +		if (pte_val(*pte))
>> +			return;
>> +	}
>> +
>> +	/* free a pte talbe */
>> +	free_pagetable(pmd_page(*pmd), 0);
>> +	spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
>> +	pmd_clear(pmd);
>> +	spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
>> +}
>> +
>> +static void __meminit free_pmd_table(pmd_t *pmd_start, pud_t *pud)
>> +{
>> +	pmd_t *pmd;
>> +	int i;
>> +
>> +	for (i = 0; i<  PTRS_PER_PMD; i++) {
>> +		pmd = pmd_start + i;
>> +		if (pmd_val(*pmd))
>> +			return;
>> +	}
>> +
>> +	/* free a pmd talbe */
>> +	free_pagetable(pud_page(*pud), 0);
>> +	spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
>> +	pud_clear(pud);
>> +	spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
>> +}
>> +
>> +/* Return true if pgd is changed, otherwise return false. */
>> +static bool __meminit free_pud_table(pud_t *pud_start, pgd_t *pgd)
>> +{
>> +	pud_t *pud;
>> +	int i;
>> +
>> +	for (i = 0; i<  PTRS_PER_PUD; i++) {
>> +		pud = pud_start + i;
>> +		if (pud_val(*pud))
>> +			return false;
>> +	}
>> +
>> +	/* free a pud table */
>> +	free_pagetable(pgd_page(*pgd), 0);
>> +	spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
>> +	pgd_clear(pgd);
>> +	spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
>> +
>> +	return true;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static void __meminit
>> +remove_pte_table(pte_t *pte_start, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
>> +		 bool direct)
>> +{
>> +	unsigned long next, pages = 0;
>> +	pte_t *pte;
>> +	void *page_addr;
>> +	phys_addr_t phys_addr;
>> +
>> +	pte = pte_start + pte_index(addr);
>> +	for (; addr<  end; addr = next, pte++) {
>> +		next = (addr + PAGE_SIZE)&  PAGE_MASK;
>> +		if (next>  end)
>> +			next = end;
>> +
>> +		if (!pte_present(*pte))
>> +			continue;
>> +
>> +		/*
>> +		 * We mapped [0,1G) memory as identity mapping when
>> +		 * initializing, in arch/x86/kernel/head_64.S. These
>> +		 * pagetables cannot be removed.
>> +		 */
>> +		phys_addr = pte_val(*pte) + (addr&  PAGE_MASK);
>> +		if (phys_addr<  (phys_addr_t)0x40000000)
>> +			return;
>> +
>> +		if (IS_ALIGNED(addr, PAGE_SIZE)&&
>> +		    IS_ALIGNED(next, PAGE_SIZE)) {
>> +			if (!direct) {
>> +				free_pagetable(pte_page(*pte), 0);
>> +				pages++;
>> +			}
>> +
>> +			spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
>> +			pte_clear(&init_mm, addr, pte);
>> +			spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
>> +		} else {
>> +			/*
>> +			 * If we are not removing the whole page, it means
>> +			 * other ptes in this page are being used and we canot
>> +			 * remove them. So fill the unused ptes with 0xFD, and
>> +			 * remove the page when it is wholly filled with 0xFD.
>> +			 */
>> +			memset((void *)addr, PAGE_INUSE, next - addr);
>> +			page_addr = page_address(pte_page(*pte));
>> +
>> +			if (!memchr_inv(page_addr, PAGE_INUSE, PAGE_SIZE)) {
>> +				free_pagetable(pte_page(*pte), 0);
>> +				pages++;
>> +
>> +				spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
>> +				pte_clear(&init_mm, addr, pte);
>> +				spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
>> +			}
>> +		}
>> +	}
>> +
>> +	/* Call free_pte_table() in remove_pmd_table(). */
>> +	flush_tlb_all();
>> +	if (direct)
>> +		update_page_count(PG_LEVEL_4K, -pages);
>> +}
>> +
>> +static void __meminit
>> +remove_pmd_table(pmd_t *pmd_start, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
>> +		 bool direct)
>> +{
>> +	unsigned long pte_phys, next, pages = 0;
>> +	pte_t *pte_base;
>> +	pmd_t *pmd;
>> +
>> +	pmd = pmd_start + pmd_index(addr);
>> +	for (; addr<  end; addr = next, pmd++) {
>> +		next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end);
>> +
>> +		if (!pmd_present(*pmd))
>> +			continue;
>> +
>> +		if (pmd_large(*pmd)) {
>> +			if (IS_ALIGNED(addr, PMD_SIZE)&&
>> +			    IS_ALIGNED(next, PMD_SIZE)) {
>> +				if (!direct) {
>> +					free_pagetable(pmd_page(*pmd),
>> +						       get_order(PMD_SIZE));
>> +					pages++;
>> +				}
>> +
>> +				spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
>> +				pmd_clear(pmd);
>> +				spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
>> +				continue;
>> +			}
>> +
>> +			/*
>> +			 * We use 2M page, but we need to remove part of them,
>> +			 * so split 2M page to 4K page.
>> +			 */
>> +			pte_base = (pte_t *)alloc_low_page(&pte_phys);
>> +			BUG_ON(!pte_base);
>> +			__split_large_page((pte_t *)pmd, addr,
>> +					   (pte_t *)pte_base);
>> +
>> +			spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
>> +			pmd_populate_kernel(&init_mm, pmd, __va(pte_phys));
>> +			spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
>> +
>> +			flush_tlb_all();
>> +		}
>> +
>> +		pte_base = (pte_t *)map_low_page((pte_t *)pmd_page_vaddr(*pmd));
>> +		remove_pte_table(pte_base, addr, next, direct);
>> +		free_pte_table(pte_base, pmd);
>> +		unmap_low_page(pte_base);
>> +	}
>> +
>> +	/* Call free_pmd_table() in remove_pud_table(). */
>> +	if (direct)
>> +		update_page_count(PG_LEVEL_2M, -pages);
>> +}
>> +
>> +static void __meminit
>> +remove_pud_table(pud_t *pud_start, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
>> +		 bool direct)
>> +{
>> +	unsigned long pmd_phys, next, pages = 0;
>> +	pmd_t *pmd_base;
>> +	pud_t *pud;
>> +
>> +	pud = pud_start + pud_index(addr);
>> +	for (; addr<  end; addr = next, pud++) {
>> +		next = pud_addr_end(addr, end);
>> +
>> +		if (!pud_present(*pud))
>> +			continue;
>> +
>> +		if (pud_large(*pud)) {
>> +			if (IS_ALIGNED(addr, PUD_SIZE)&&
>> +			    IS_ALIGNED(next, PUD_SIZE)) {
>> +				if (!direct) {
>> +					free_pagetable(pud_page(*pud),
>> +						       get_order(PUD_SIZE));
>> +					pages++;
>> +				}
>> +
>> +				spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
>> +				pud_clear(pud);
>> +				spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
>> +				continue;
>> +			}
>> +
>> +			/*
>> +			 * We use 1G page, but we need to remove part of them,
>> +			 * so split 1G page to 2M page.
>> +			 */
>> +			pmd_base = (pmd_t *)alloc_low_page(&pmd_phys);
>> +			BUG_ON(!pmd_base);
>> +			__split_large_page((pte_t *)pud, addr,
>> +					   (pte_t *)pmd_base);
>> +
>> +			spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
>> +			pud_populate(&init_mm, pud, __va(pmd_phys));
>> +			spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
>> +
>> +			flush_tlb_all();
>> +		}
>> +
>> +		pmd_base = (pmd_t *)map_low_page((pmd_t *)pud_page_vaddr(*pud));
>> +		remove_pmd_table(pmd_base, addr, next, direct);
>> +		free_pmd_table(pmd_base, pud);
>> +		unmap_low_page(pmd_base);
>> +	}
>> +
>> +	if (direct)
>> +		update_page_count(PG_LEVEL_1G, -pages);
>> +}
>> +
>> +/* start and end are both virtual address. */
>> +static void __meminit
>> +remove_pagetable(unsigned long start, unsigned long end, bool direct)
>> +{
>> +	unsigned long next;
>> +	pgd_t *pgd;
>> +	pud_t *pud;
>> +	bool pgd_changed = false;
>> +
>> +	for (; start<  end; start = next) {
>> +		pgd = pgd_offset_k(start);
>> +		if (!pgd_present(*pgd))
>> +			continue;
>> +
>> +		next = pgd_addr_end(start, end);
>> +
>> +		pud = (pud_t *)map_low_page((pud_t *)pgd_page_vaddr(*pgd));
>> +		remove_pud_table(pud, start, next, direct);
>> +		if (free_pud_table(pud, pgd))
>> +			pgd_changed = true;
>> +		unmap_low_page(pud);
>> +	}
>> +
>> +	if (pgd_changed)
>> +		sync_global_pgds(start, end - 1);
>> +
>> +	flush_tlb_all();
>> +}
>> +
>>   #ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTREMOVE
>>   int __ref arch_remove_memory(u64 start, u64 size)
>>   {
>> diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/pageattr.c b/arch/x86/mm/pageattr.c
>> index a718e0d..7dcb6f9 100644
>> --- a/arch/x86/mm/pageattr.c
>> +++ b/arch/x86/mm/pageattr.c
>> @@ -501,21 +501,13 @@ out_unlock:
>>   	return do_split;
>>   }
>>
>> -static int split_large_page(pte_t *kpte, unsigned long address)
>> +int __split_large_page(pte_t *kpte, unsigned long address, pte_t *pbase)
>>   {
>>   	unsigned long pfn, pfninc = 1;
>>   	unsigned int i, level;
>> -	pte_t *pbase, *tmp;
>> +	pte_t *tmp;
>>   	pgprot_t ref_prot;
>> -	struct page *base;
>> -
>> -	if (!debug_pagealloc)
>> -		spin_unlock(&cpa_lock);
>> -	base = alloc_pages(GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_NOTRACK, 0);
>> -	if (!debug_pagealloc)
>> -		spin_lock(&cpa_lock);
>> -	if (!base)
>> -		return -ENOMEM;
>> +	struct page *base = virt_to_page(pbase);
>>
>>   	spin_lock(&pgd_lock);
>>   	/*
>> @@ -523,10 +515,11 @@ static int split_large_page(pte_t *kpte, unsigned long address)
>>   	 * up for us already:
>>   	 */
>>   	tmp = lookup_address(address,&level);
>> -	if (tmp != kpte)
>> -		goto out_unlock;
>> +	if (tmp != kpte) {
>> +		spin_unlock(&pgd_lock);
>> +		return 1;
>> +	}
>>
>> -	pbase = (pte_t *)page_address(base);
>>   	paravirt_alloc_pte(&init_mm, page_to_pfn(base));
>>   	ref_prot = pte_pgprot(pte_clrhuge(*kpte));
>>   	/*
>> @@ -579,17 +572,27 @@ static int split_large_page(pte_t *kpte, unsigned long address)
>>   	 * going on.
>>   	 */
>>   	__flush_tlb_all();
>> +	spin_unlock(&pgd_lock);
>>
>> -	base = NULL;
>> +	return 0;
>> +}
>>
>> -out_unlock:
>> -	/*
>> -	 * If we dropped out via the lookup_address check under
>> -	 * pgd_lock then stick the page back into the pool:
>> -	 */
>> -	if (base)
>> +static int split_large_page(pte_t *kpte, unsigned long address)
>> +{
>> +	pte_t *pbase;
>> +	struct page *base;
>> +
>> +	if (!debug_pagealloc)
>> +		spin_unlock(&cpa_lock);
>> +	base = alloc_pages(GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_NOTRACK, 0);
>> +	if (!debug_pagealloc)
>> +		spin_lock(&cpa_lock);
>> +	if (!base)
>> +		return -ENOMEM;
>> +
>> +	pbase = (pte_t *)page_address(base);
>> +	if (__split_large_page(kpte, address, pbase))
>>   		__free_page(base);
>> -	spin_unlock(&pgd_lock);
>>
>>   	return 0;
>>   }
>> diff --git a/include/linux/bootmem.h b/include/linux/bootmem.h
>> index 3f778c2..190ff06 100644
>> --- a/include/linux/bootmem.h
>> +++ b/include/linux/bootmem.h
>> @@ -53,6 +53,7 @@ extern void free_bootmem_node(pg_data_t *pgdat,
>>   			      unsigned long size);
>>   extern void free_bootmem(unsigned long physaddr, unsigned long size);
>>   extern void free_bootmem_late(unsigned long physaddr, unsigned long size);
>> +extern void __free_pages_bootmem(struct page *page, unsigned int order);
>>
>>   /*
>>    * Flags for reserve_bootmem (also if CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_BOOTMEM_NODE,
>
>
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Simon Jeons - Jan. 30, 2013, 3:27 a.m.
On Wed, 2013-01-30 at 10:16 +0800, Tang Chen wrote:
> On 01/29/2013 09:04 PM, Simon Jeons wrote:
> > Hi Tang,
> > On Wed, 2013-01-09 at 17:32 +0800, Tang Chen wrote:
> >> From: Wen Congyang<wency@cn.fujitsu.com>
> >>
> >> When memory is removed, the corresponding pagetables should alse be removed.
> >> This patch introduces some common APIs to support vmemmap pagetable and x86_64
> >> architecture pagetable removing.
> >
> > Why don't need to build_all_zonelists like online_pages does during
> > hot-add path(add_memory)?
> 
> Hi Simon,
> 
> As you said, build_all_zonelists is done by online_pages. When the 
> memory device
> is hot-added, we cannot use it. we can only use is when we online the 
> pages on it.

Why?

If a node has just one memory device and memory is small, some zone will
not present like zone_highmem, then hot-add another memory device and
zone_highmem appear, if you should build_all_zonelists this time?

> 
> But we can online the pages as different types, kernel or movable (which 
> belongs to
> different zones), and we can online part of the memory, not all of them.
> So each time we online some pages, we should check if we need to update 
> the zone list.
> 
> So I think that is why we do build_all_zonelists when online_pages.
> (just my opinion)
> 
> Thanks. :)
> 
> >
> >>
> >> All pages of virtual mapping in removed memory cannot be freedi if some pages
> >> used as PGD/PUD includes not only removed memory but also other memory. So the
> >> patch uses the following way to check whether page can be freed or not.
> >>
> >>   1. When removing memory, the page structs of the revmoved memory are filled
> >>      with 0FD.
> >>   2. All page structs are filled with 0xFD on PT/PMD, PT/PMD can be cleared.
> >>      In this case, the page used as PT/PMD can be freed.
> >>
> >> Signed-off-by: Yasuaki Ishimatsu<isimatu.yasuaki@jp.fujitsu.com>
> >> Signed-off-by: Jianguo Wu<wujianguo@huawei.com>
> >> Signed-off-by: Wen Congyang<wency@cn.fujitsu.com>
> >> Signed-off-by: Tang Chen<tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com>
> >> ---
> >>   arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_types.h |    1 +
> >>   arch/x86/mm/init_64.c                |  299 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> >>   arch/x86/mm/pageattr.c               |   47 +++---
> >>   include/linux/bootmem.h              |    1 +
> >>   4 files changed, 326 insertions(+), 22 deletions(-)
> >>
> >> diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_types.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_types.h
> >> index 3c32db8..4b6fd2a 100644
> >> --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_types.h
> >> +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_types.h
> >> @@ -352,6 +352,7 @@ static inline void update_page_count(int level, unsigned long pages) { }
> >>    * as a pte too.
> >>    */
> >>   extern pte_t *lookup_address(unsigned long address, unsigned int *level);
> >> +extern int __split_large_page(pte_t *kpte, unsigned long address, pte_t *pbase);
> >>
> >>   #endif	/* !__ASSEMBLY__ */
> >>
> >> diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c b/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c
> >> index 9ac1723..fe01116 100644
> >> --- a/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c
> >> +++ b/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c
> >> @@ -682,6 +682,305 @@ int arch_add_memory(int nid, u64 start, u64 size)
> >>   }
> >>   EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(arch_add_memory);
> >>
> >> +#define PAGE_INUSE 0xFD
> >> +
> >> +static void __meminit free_pagetable(struct page *page, int order)
> >> +{
> >> +	struct zone *zone;
> >> +	bool bootmem = false;
> >> +	unsigned long magic;
> >> +	unsigned int nr_pages = 1<<  order;
> >> +
> >> +	/* bootmem page has reserved flag */
> >> +	if (PageReserved(page)) {
> >> +		__ClearPageReserved(page);
> >> +		bootmem = true;
> >> +
> >> +		magic = (unsigned long)page->lru.next;
> >> +		if (magic == SECTION_INFO || magic == MIX_SECTION_INFO) {
> >> +			while (nr_pages--)
> >> +				put_page_bootmem(page++);
> >> +		} else
> >> +			__free_pages_bootmem(page, order);
> >> +	} else
> >> +		free_pages((unsigned long)page_address(page), order);
> >> +
> >> +	/*
> >> +	 * SECTION_INFO pages and MIX_SECTION_INFO pages
> >> +	 * are all allocated by bootmem.
> >> +	 */
> >> +	if (bootmem) {
> >> +		zone = page_zone(page);
> >> +		zone_span_writelock(zone);
> >> +		zone->present_pages += nr_pages;
> >> +		zone_span_writeunlock(zone);
> >> +		totalram_pages += nr_pages;
> >> +	}
> >> +}
> >> +
> >> +static void __meminit free_pte_table(pte_t *pte_start, pmd_t *pmd)
> >> +{
> >> +	pte_t *pte;
> >> +	int i;
> >> +
> >> +	for (i = 0; i<  PTRS_PER_PTE; i++) {
> >> +		pte = pte_start + i;
> >> +		if (pte_val(*pte))
> >> +			return;
> >> +	}
> >> +
> >> +	/* free a pte talbe */
> >> +	free_pagetable(pmd_page(*pmd), 0);
> >> +	spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> >> +	pmd_clear(pmd);
> >> +	spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> >> +}
> >> +
> >> +static void __meminit free_pmd_table(pmd_t *pmd_start, pud_t *pud)
> >> +{
> >> +	pmd_t *pmd;
> >> +	int i;
> >> +
> >> +	for (i = 0; i<  PTRS_PER_PMD; i++) {
> >> +		pmd = pmd_start + i;
> >> +		if (pmd_val(*pmd))
> >> +			return;
> >> +	}
> >> +
> >> +	/* free a pmd talbe */
> >> +	free_pagetable(pud_page(*pud), 0);
> >> +	spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> >> +	pud_clear(pud);
> >> +	spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> >> +}
> >> +
> >> +/* Return true if pgd is changed, otherwise return false. */
> >> +static bool __meminit free_pud_table(pud_t *pud_start, pgd_t *pgd)
> >> +{
> >> +	pud_t *pud;
> >> +	int i;
> >> +
> >> +	for (i = 0; i<  PTRS_PER_PUD; i++) {
> >> +		pud = pud_start + i;
> >> +		if (pud_val(*pud))
> >> +			return false;
> >> +	}
> >> +
> >> +	/* free a pud table */
> >> +	free_pagetable(pgd_page(*pgd), 0);
> >> +	spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> >> +	pgd_clear(pgd);
> >> +	spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> >> +
> >> +	return true;
> >> +}
> >> +
> >> +static void __meminit
> >> +remove_pte_table(pte_t *pte_start, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
> >> +		 bool direct)
> >> +{
> >> +	unsigned long next, pages = 0;
> >> +	pte_t *pte;
> >> +	void *page_addr;
> >> +	phys_addr_t phys_addr;
> >> +
> >> +	pte = pte_start + pte_index(addr);
> >> +	for (; addr<  end; addr = next, pte++) {
> >> +		next = (addr + PAGE_SIZE)&  PAGE_MASK;
> >> +		if (next>  end)
> >> +			next = end;
> >> +
> >> +		if (!pte_present(*pte))
> >> +			continue;
> >> +
> >> +		/*
> >> +		 * We mapped [0,1G) memory as identity mapping when
> >> +		 * initializing, in arch/x86/kernel/head_64.S. These
> >> +		 * pagetables cannot be removed.
> >> +		 */
> >> +		phys_addr = pte_val(*pte) + (addr&  PAGE_MASK);
> >> +		if (phys_addr<  (phys_addr_t)0x40000000)
> >> +			return;
> >> +
> >> +		if (IS_ALIGNED(addr, PAGE_SIZE)&&
> >> +		    IS_ALIGNED(next, PAGE_SIZE)) {
> >> +			if (!direct) {
> >> +				free_pagetable(pte_page(*pte), 0);
> >> +				pages++;
> >> +			}
> >> +
> >> +			spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> >> +			pte_clear(&init_mm, addr, pte);
> >> +			spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> >> +		} else {
> >> +			/*
> >> +			 * If we are not removing the whole page, it means
> >> +			 * other ptes in this page are being used and we canot
> >> +			 * remove them. So fill the unused ptes with 0xFD, and
> >> +			 * remove the page when it is wholly filled with 0xFD.
> >> +			 */
> >> +			memset((void *)addr, PAGE_INUSE, next - addr);
> >> +			page_addr = page_address(pte_page(*pte));
> >> +
> >> +			if (!memchr_inv(page_addr, PAGE_INUSE, PAGE_SIZE)) {
> >> +				free_pagetable(pte_page(*pte), 0);
> >> +				pages++;
> >> +
> >> +				spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> >> +				pte_clear(&init_mm, addr, pte);
> >> +				spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> >> +			}
> >> +		}
> >> +	}
> >> +
> >> +	/* Call free_pte_table() in remove_pmd_table(). */
> >> +	flush_tlb_all();
> >> +	if (direct)
> >> +		update_page_count(PG_LEVEL_4K, -pages);
> >> +}
> >> +
> >> +static void __meminit
> >> +remove_pmd_table(pmd_t *pmd_start, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
> >> +		 bool direct)
> >> +{
> >> +	unsigned long pte_phys, next, pages = 0;
> >> +	pte_t *pte_base;
> >> +	pmd_t *pmd;
> >> +
> >> +	pmd = pmd_start + pmd_index(addr);
> >> +	for (; addr<  end; addr = next, pmd++) {
> >> +		next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end);
> >> +
> >> +		if (!pmd_present(*pmd))
> >> +			continue;
> >> +
> >> +		if (pmd_large(*pmd)) {
> >> +			if (IS_ALIGNED(addr, PMD_SIZE)&&
> >> +			    IS_ALIGNED(next, PMD_SIZE)) {
> >> +				if (!direct) {
> >> +					free_pagetable(pmd_page(*pmd),
> >> +						       get_order(PMD_SIZE));
> >> +					pages++;
> >> +				}
> >> +
> >> +				spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> >> +				pmd_clear(pmd);
> >> +				spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> >> +				continue;
> >> +			}
> >> +
> >> +			/*
> >> +			 * We use 2M page, but we need to remove part of them,
> >> +			 * so split 2M page to 4K page.
> >> +			 */
> >> +			pte_base = (pte_t *)alloc_low_page(&pte_phys);
> >> +			BUG_ON(!pte_base);
> >> +			__split_large_page((pte_t *)pmd, addr,
> >> +					   (pte_t *)pte_base);
> >> +
> >> +			spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> >> +			pmd_populate_kernel(&init_mm, pmd, __va(pte_phys));
> >> +			spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> >> +
> >> +			flush_tlb_all();
> >> +		}
> >> +
> >> +		pte_base = (pte_t *)map_low_page((pte_t *)pmd_page_vaddr(*pmd));
> >> +		remove_pte_table(pte_base, addr, next, direct);
> >> +		free_pte_table(pte_base, pmd);
> >> +		unmap_low_page(pte_base);
> >> +	}
> >> +
> >> +	/* Call free_pmd_table() in remove_pud_table(). */
> >> +	if (direct)
> >> +		update_page_count(PG_LEVEL_2M, -pages);
> >> +}
> >> +
> >> +static void __meminit
> >> +remove_pud_table(pud_t *pud_start, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
> >> +		 bool direct)
> >> +{
> >> +	unsigned long pmd_phys, next, pages = 0;
> >> +	pmd_t *pmd_base;
> >> +	pud_t *pud;
> >> +
> >> +	pud = pud_start + pud_index(addr);
> >> +	for (; addr<  end; addr = next, pud++) {
> >> +		next = pud_addr_end(addr, end);
> >> +
> >> +		if (!pud_present(*pud))
> >> +			continue;
> >> +
> >> +		if (pud_large(*pud)) {
> >> +			if (IS_ALIGNED(addr, PUD_SIZE)&&
> >> +			    IS_ALIGNED(next, PUD_SIZE)) {
> >> +				if (!direct) {
> >> +					free_pagetable(pud_page(*pud),
> >> +						       get_order(PUD_SIZE));
> >> +					pages++;
> >> +				}
> >> +
> >> +				spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> >> +				pud_clear(pud);
> >> +				spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> >> +				continue;
> >> +			}
> >> +
> >> +			/*
> >> +			 * We use 1G page, but we need to remove part of them,
> >> +			 * so split 1G page to 2M page.
> >> +			 */
> >> +			pmd_base = (pmd_t *)alloc_low_page(&pmd_phys);
> >> +			BUG_ON(!pmd_base);
> >> +			__split_large_page((pte_t *)pud, addr,
> >> +					   (pte_t *)pmd_base);
> >> +
> >> +			spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> >> +			pud_populate(&init_mm, pud, __va(pmd_phys));
> >> +			spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> >> +
> >> +			flush_tlb_all();
> >> +		}
> >> +
> >> +		pmd_base = (pmd_t *)map_low_page((pmd_t *)pud_page_vaddr(*pud));
> >> +		remove_pmd_table(pmd_base, addr, next, direct);
> >> +		free_pmd_table(pmd_base, pud);
> >> +		unmap_low_page(pmd_base);
> >> +	}
> >> +
> >> +	if (direct)
> >> +		update_page_count(PG_LEVEL_1G, -pages);
> >> +}
> >> +
> >> +/* start and end are both virtual address. */
> >> +static void __meminit
> >> +remove_pagetable(unsigned long start, unsigned long end, bool direct)
> >> +{
> >> +	unsigned long next;
> >> +	pgd_t *pgd;
> >> +	pud_t *pud;
> >> +	bool pgd_changed = false;
> >> +
> >> +	for (; start<  end; start = next) {
> >> +		pgd = pgd_offset_k(start);
> >> +		if (!pgd_present(*pgd))
> >> +			continue;
> >> +
> >> +		next = pgd_addr_end(start, end);
> >> +
> >> +		pud = (pud_t *)map_low_page((pud_t *)pgd_page_vaddr(*pgd));
> >> +		remove_pud_table(pud, start, next, direct);
> >> +		if (free_pud_table(pud, pgd))
> >> +			pgd_changed = true;
> >> +		unmap_low_page(pud);
> >> +	}
> >> +
> >> +	if (pgd_changed)
> >> +		sync_global_pgds(start, end - 1);
> >> +
> >> +	flush_tlb_all();
> >> +}
> >> +
> >>   #ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTREMOVE
> >>   int __ref arch_remove_memory(u64 start, u64 size)
> >>   {
> >> diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/pageattr.c b/arch/x86/mm/pageattr.c
> >> index a718e0d..7dcb6f9 100644
> >> --- a/arch/x86/mm/pageattr.c
> >> +++ b/arch/x86/mm/pageattr.c
> >> @@ -501,21 +501,13 @@ out_unlock:
> >>   	return do_split;
> >>   }
> >>
> >> -static int split_large_page(pte_t *kpte, unsigned long address)
> >> +int __split_large_page(pte_t *kpte, unsigned long address, pte_t *pbase)
> >>   {
> >>   	unsigned long pfn, pfninc = 1;
> >>   	unsigned int i, level;
> >> -	pte_t *pbase, *tmp;
> >> +	pte_t *tmp;
> >>   	pgprot_t ref_prot;
> >> -	struct page *base;
> >> -
> >> -	if (!debug_pagealloc)
> >> -		spin_unlock(&cpa_lock);
> >> -	base = alloc_pages(GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_NOTRACK, 0);
> >> -	if (!debug_pagealloc)
> >> -		spin_lock(&cpa_lock);
> >> -	if (!base)
> >> -		return -ENOMEM;
> >> +	struct page *base = virt_to_page(pbase);
> >>
> >>   	spin_lock(&pgd_lock);
> >>   	/*
> >> @@ -523,10 +515,11 @@ static int split_large_page(pte_t *kpte, unsigned long address)
> >>   	 * up for us already:
> >>   	 */
> >>   	tmp = lookup_address(address,&level);
> >> -	if (tmp != kpte)
> >> -		goto out_unlock;
> >> +	if (tmp != kpte) {
> >> +		spin_unlock(&pgd_lock);
> >> +		return 1;
> >> +	}
> >>
> >> -	pbase = (pte_t *)page_address(base);
> >>   	paravirt_alloc_pte(&init_mm, page_to_pfn(base));
> >>   	ref_prot = pte_pgprot(pte_clrhuge(*kpte));
> >>   	/*
> >> @@ -579,17 +572,27 @@ static int split_large_page(pte_t *kpte, unsigned long address)
> >>   	 * going on.
> >>   	 */
> >>   	__flush_tlb_all();
> >> +	spin_unlock(&pgd_lock);
> >>
> >> -	base = NULL;
> >> +	return 0;
> >> +}
> >>
> >> -out_unlock:
> >> -	/*
> >> -	 * If we dropped out via the lookup_address check under
> >> -	 * pgd_lock then stick the page back into the pool:
> >> -	 */
> >> -	if (base)
> >> +static int split_large_page(pte_t *kpte, unsigned long address)
> >> +{
> >> +	pte_t *pbase;
> >> +	struct page *base;
> >> +
> >> +	if (!debug_pagealloc)
> >> +		spin_unlock(&cpa_lock);
> >> +	base = alloc_pages(GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_NOTRACK, 0);
> >> +	if (!debug_pagealloc)
> >> +		spin_lock(&cpa_lock);
> >> +	if (!base)
> >> +		return -ENOMEM;
> >> +
> >> +	pbase = (pte_t *)page_address(base);
> >> +	if (__split_large_page(kpte, address, pbase))
> >>   		__free_page(base);
> >> -	spin_unlock(&pgd_lock);
> >>
> >>   	return 0;
> >>   }
> >> diff --git a/include/linux/bootmem.h b/include/linux/bootmem.h
> >> index 3f778c2..190ff06 100644
> >> --- a/include/linux/bootmem.h
> >> +++ b/include/linux/bootmem.h
> >> @@ -53,6 +53,7 @@ extern void free_bootmem_node(pg_data_t *pgdat,
> >>   			      unsigned long size);
> >>   extern void free_bootmem(unsigned long physaddr, unsigned long size);
> >>   extern void free_bootmem_late(unsigned long physaddr, unsigned long size);
> >> +extern void __free_pages_bootmem(struct page *page, unsigned int order);
> >>
> >>   /*
> >>    * Flags for reserve_bootmem (also if CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_BOOTMEM_NODE,
> >
> >
> > --
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> > the body of a message to majordomo@vger.kernel.org
> > More majordomo info at  http://vger.kernel.org/majordomo-info.html
> >
> 
> --
> To unsubscribe, send a message with 'unsubscribe linux-mm' in
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> see: http://www.linux-mm.org/ .
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Tang Chen - Jan. 30, 2013, 5:55 a.m.
On 01/30/2013 11:27 AM, Simon Jeons wrote:
> On Wed, 2013-01-30 at 10:16 +0800, Tang Chen wrote:
>> On 01/29/2013 09:04 PM, Simon Jeons wrote:
>>> Hi Tang,
>>> On Wed, 2013-01-09 at 17:32 +0800, Tang Chen wrote:
>>>> From: Wen Congyang<wency@cn.fujitsu.com>
>>>>
>>>> When memory is removed, the corresponding pagetables should alse be removed.
>>>> This patch introduces some common APIs to support vmemmap pagetable and x86_64
>>>> architecture pagetable removing.
>>>
>>> Why don't need to build_all_zonelists like online_pages does during
>>> hot-add path(add_memory)?
>>
>> Hi Simon,
>>
>> As you said, build_all_zonelists is done by online_pages. When the
>> memory device
>> is hot-added, we cannot use it. we can only use is when we online the
>> pages on it.
>
> Why?
>
> If a node has just one memory device and memory is small, some zone will
> not present like zone_highmem, then hot-add another memory device and
> zone_highmem appear, if you should build_all_zonelists this time?

Hi Simon,

We built zone list when the first memory on the node is hot-added.

add_memory()
  |-->if (!node_online(nid)) hotadd_new_pgdat()
                              |-->free_area_init_node()
                              |-->build_all_zonelists()

All the zones on the new node will be initialized as empty. So here, we 
build zone list.

But actually we did nothing because no page is online, and zones are empty.
In build_zonelists_node(), populated_zone(zone) will always be false.

The real work of building zone list is when pages are online. :)


And in your question, you said some small memory is there, and 
zone_normal is present.
OK, when these pages are onlined (not added), the zone list has been 
rebuilt.
But pages in zone_highmem is not added, which means not onlined, so we 
don't need to
build zone list for it. And later, the zone_highmem pages are added, we 
still don't
rebuild the zone list because the real rebuilding work is when the pages 
are onlined.

I think this is the current logic. :)

Thanks. :)

>
>>
>> But we can online the pages as different types, kernel or movable (which
>> belongs to
>> different zones), and we can online part of the memory, not all of them.
>> So each time we online some pages, we should check if we need to update
>> the zone list.
>>
>> So I think that is why we do build_all_zonelists when online_pages.
>> (just my opinion)
>>
>> Thanks. :)
>>
>>>
>>>>
>>>> All pages of virtual mapping in removed memory cannot be freedi if some pages
>>>> used as PGD/PUD includes not only removed memory but also other memory. So the
>>>> patch uses the following way to check whether page can be freed or not.
>>>>
>>>>    1. When removing memory, the page structs of the revmoved memory are filled
>>>>       with 0FD.
>>>>    2. All page structs are filled with 0xFD on PT/PMD, PT/PMD can be cleared.
>>>>       In this case, the page used as PT/PMD can be freed.
>>>>
>>>> Signed-off-by: Yasuaki Ishimatsu<isimatu.yasuaki@jp.fujitsu.com>
>>>> Signed-off-by: Jianguo Wu<wujianguo@huawei.com>
>>>> Signed-off-by: Wen Congyang<wency@cn.fujitsu.com>
>>>> Signed-off-by: Tang Chen<tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com>
>>>> ---
>>>>    arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_types.h |    1 +
>>>>    arch/x86/mm/init_64.c                |  299 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>>>>    arch/x86/mm/pageattr.c               |   47 +++---
>>>>    include/linux/bootmem.h              |    1 +
>>>>    4 files changed, 326 insertions(+), 22 deletions(-)
>>>>
>>>> diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_types.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_types.h
>>>> index 3c32db8..4b6fd2a 100644
>>>> --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_types.h
>>>> +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_types.h
>>>> @@ -352,6 +352,7 @@ static inline void update_page_count(int level, unsigned long pages) { }
>>>>     * as a pte too.
>>>>     */
>>>>    extern pte_t *lookup_address(unsigned long address, unsigned int *level);
>>>> +extern int __split_large_page(pte_t *kpte, unsigned long address, pte_t *pbase);
>>>>
>>>>    #endif	/* !__ASSEMBLY__ */
>>>>
>>>> diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c b/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c
>>>> index 9ac1723..fe01116 100644
>>>> --- a/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c
>>>> +++ b/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c
>>>> @@ -682,6 +682,305 @@ int arch_add_memory(int nid, u64 start, u64 size)
>>>>    }
>>>>    EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(arch_add_memory);
>>>>
>>>> +#define PAGE_INUSE 0xFD
>>>> +
>>>> +static void __meminit free_pagetable(struct page *page, int order)
>>>> +{
>>>> +	struct zone *zone;
>>>> +	bool bootmem = false;
>>>> +	unsigned long magic;
>>>> +	unsigned int nr_pages = 1<<   order;
>>>> +
>>>> +	/* bootmem page has reserved flag */
>>>> +	if (PageReserved(page)) {
>>>> +		__ClearPageReserved(page);
>>>> +		bootmem = true;
>>>> +
>>>> +		magic = (unsigned long)page->lru.next;
>>>> +		if (magic == SECTION_INFO || magic == MIX_SECTION_INFO) {
>>>> +			while (nr_pages--)
>>>> +				put_page_bootmem(page++);
>>>> +		} else
>>>> +			__free_pages_bootmem(page, order);
>>>> +	} else
>>>> +		free_pages((unsigned long)page_address(page), order);
>>>> +
>>>> +	/*
>>>> +	 * SECTION_INFO pages and MIX_SECTION_INFO pages
>>>> +	 * are all allocated by bootmem.
>>>> +	 */
>>>> +	if (bootmem) {
>>>> +		zone = page_zone(page);
>>>> +		zone_span_writelock(zone);
>>>> +		zone->present_pages += nr_pages;
>>>> +		zone_span_writeunlock(zone);
>>>> +		totalram_pages += nr_pages;
>>>> +	}
>>>> +}
>>>> +
>>>> +static void __meminit free_pte_table(pte_t *pte_start, pmd_t *pmd)
>>>> +{
>>>> +	pte_t *pte;
>>>> +	int i;
>>>> +
>>>> +	for (i = 0; i<   PTRS_PER_PTE; i++) {
>>>> +		pte = pte_start + i;
>>>> +		if (pte_val(*pte))
>>>> +			return;
>>>> +	}
>>>> +
>>>> +	/* free a pte talbe */
>>>> +	free_pagetable(pmd_page(*pmd), 0);
>>>> +	spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
>>>> +	pmd_clear(pmd);
>>>> +	spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
>>>> +}
>>>> +
>>>> +static void __meminit free_pmd_table(pmd_t *pmd_start, pud_t *pud)
>>>> +{
>>>> +	pmd_t *pmd;
>>>> +	int i;
>>>> +
>>>> +	for (i = 0; i<   PTRS_PER_PMD; i++) {
>>>> +		pmd = pmd_start + i;
>>>> +		if (pmd_val(*pmd))
>>>> +			return;
>>>> +	}
>>>> +
>>>> +	/* free a pmd talbe */
>>>> +	free_pagetable(pud_page(*pud), 0);
>>>> +	spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
>>>> +	pud_clear(pud);
>>>> +	spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
>>>> +}
>>>> +
>>>> +/* Return true if pgd is changed, otherwise return false. */
>>>> +static bool __meminit free_pud_table(pud_t *pud_start, pgd_t *pgd)
>>>> +{
>>>> +	pud_t *pud;
>>>> +	int i;
>>>> +
>>>> +	for (i = 0; i<   PTRS_PER_PUD; i++) {
>>>> +		pud = pud_start + i;
>>>> +		if (pud_val(*pud))
>>>> +			return false;
>>>> +	}
>>>> +
>>>> +	/* free a pud table */
>>>> +	free_pagetable(pgd_page(*pgd), 0);
>>>> +	spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
>>>> +	pgd_clear(pgd);
>>>> +	spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
>>>> +
>>>> +	return true;
>>>> +}
>>>> +
>>>> +static void __meminit
>>>> +remove_pte_table(pte_t *pte_start, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
>>>> +		 bool direct)
>>>> +{
>>>> +	unsigned long next, pages = 0;
>>>> +	pte_t *pte;
>>>> +	void *page_addr;
>>>> +	phys_addr_t phys_addr;
>>>> +
>>>> +	pte = pte_start + pte_index(addr);
>>>> +	for (; addr<   end; addr = next, pte++) {
>>>> +		next = (addr + PAGE_SIZE)&   PAGE_MASK;
>>>> +		if (next>   end)
>>>> +			next = end;
>>>> +
>>>> +		if (!pte_present(*pte))
>>>> +			continue;
>>>> +
>>>> +		/*
>>>> +		 * We mapped [0,1G) memory as identity mapping when
>>>> +		 * initializing, in arch/x86/kernel/head_64.S. These
>>>> +		 * pagetables cannot be removed.
>>>> +		 */
>>>> +		phys_addr = pte_val(*pte) + (addr&   PAGE_MASK);
>>>> +		if (phys_addr<   (phys_addr_t)0x40000000)
>>>> +			return;
>>>> +
>>>> +		if (IS_ALIGNED(addr, PAGE_SIZE)&&
>>>> +		    IS_ALIGNED(next, PAGE_SIZE)) {
>>>> +			if (!direct) {
>>>> +				free_pagetable(pte_page(*pte), 0);
>>>> +				pages++;
>>>> +			}
>>>> +
>>>> +			spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
>>>> +			pte_clear(&init_mm, addr, pte);
>>>> +			spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
>>>> +		} else {
>>>> +			/*
>>>> +			 * If we are not removing the whole page, it means
>>>> +			 * other ptes in this page are being used and we canot
>>>> +			 * remove them. So fill the unused ptes with 0xFD, and
>>>> +			 * remove the page when it is wholly filled with 0xFD.
>>>> +			 */
>>>> +			memset((void *)addr, PAGE_INUSE, next - addr);
>>>> +			page_addr = page_address(pte_page(*pte));
>>>> +
>>>> +			if (!memchr_inv(page_addr, PAGE_INUSE, PAGE_SIZE)) {
>>>> +				free_pagetable(pte_page(*pte), 0);
>>>> +				pages++;
>>>> +
>>>> +				spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
>>>> +				pte_clear(&init_mm, addr, pte);
>>>> +				spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
>>>> +			}
>>>> +		}
>>>> +	}
>>>> +
>>>> +	/* Call free_pte_table() in remove_pmd_table(). */
>>>> +	flush_tlb_all();
>>>> +	if (direct)
>>>> +		update_page_count(PG_LEVEL_4K, -pages);
>>>> +}
>>>> +
>>>> +static void __meminit
>>>> +remove_pmd_table(pmd_t *pmd_start, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
>>>> +		 bool direct)
>>>> +{
>>>> +	unsigned long pte_phys, next, pages = 0;
>>>> +	pte_t *pte_base;
>>>> +	pmd_t *pmd;
>>>> +
>>>> +	pmd = pmd_start + pmd_index(addr);
>>>> +	for (; addr<   end; addr = next, pmd++) {
>>>> +		next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end);
>>>> +
>>>> +		if (!pmd_present(*pmd))
>>>> +			continue;
>>>> +
>>>> +		if (pmd_large(*pmd)) {
>>>> +			if (IS_ALIGNED(addr, PMD_SIZE)&&
>>>> +			    IS_ALIGNED(next, PMD_SIZE)) {
>>>> +				if (!direct) {
>>>> +					free_pagetable(pmd_page(*pmd),
>>>> +						       get_order(PMD_SIZE));
>>>> +					pages++;
>>>> +				}
>>>> +
>>>> +				spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
>>>> +				pmd_clear(pmd);
>>>> +				spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
>>>> +				continue;
>>>> +			}
>>>> +
>>>> +			/*
>>>> +			 * We use 2M page, but we need to remove part of them,
>>>> +			 * so split 2M page to 4K page.
>>>> +			 */
>>>> +			pte_base = (pte_t *)alloc_low_page(&pte_phys);
>>>> +			BUG_ON(!pte_base);
>>>> +			__split_large_page((pte_t *)pmd, addr,
>>>> +					   (pte_t *)pte_base);
>>>> +
>>>> +			spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
>>>> +			pmd_populate_kernel(&init_mm, pmd, __va(pte_phys));
>>>> +			spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
>>>> +
>>>> +			flush_tlb_all();
>>>> +		}
>>>> +
>>>> +		pte_base = (pte_t *)map_low_page((pte_t *)pmd_page_vaddr(*pmd));
>>>> +		remove_pte_table(pte_base, addr, next, direct);
>>>> +		free_pte_table(pte_base, pmd);
>>>> +		unmap_low_page(pte_base);
>>>> +	}
>>>> +
>>>> +	/* Call free_pmd_table() in remove_pud_table(). */
>>>> +	if (direct)
>>>> +		update_page_count(PG_LEVEL_2M, -pages);
>>>> +}
>>>> +
>>>> +static void __meminit
>>>> +remove_pud_table(pud_t *pud_start, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
>>>> +		 bool direct)
>>>> +{
>>>> +	unsigned long pmd_phys, next, pages = 0;
>>>> +	pmd_t *pmd_base;
>>>> +	pud_t *pud;
>>>> +
>>>> +	pud = pud_start + pud_index(addr);
>>>> +	for (; addr<   end; addr = next, pud++) {
>>>> +		next = pud_addr_end(addr, end);
>>>> +
>>>> +		if (!pud_present(*pud))
>>>> +			continue;
>>>> +
>>>> +		if (pud_large(*pud)) {
>>>> +			if (IS_ALIGNED(addr, PUD_SIZE)&&
>>>> +			    IS_ALIGNED(next, PUD_SIZE)) {
>>>> +				if (!direct) {
>>>> +					free_pagetable(pud_page(*pud),
>>>> +						       get_order(PUD_SIZE));
>>>> +					pages++;
>>>> +				}
>>>> +
>>>> +				spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
>>>> +				pud_clear(pud);
>>>> +				spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
>>>> +				continue;
>>>> +			}
>>>> +
>>>> +			/*
>>>> +			 * We use 1G page, but we need to remove part of them,
>>>> +			 * so split 1G page to 2M page.
>>>> +			 */
>>>> +			pmd_base = (pmd_t *)alloc_low_page(&pmd_phys);
>>>> +			BUG_ON(!pmd_base);
>>>> +			__split_large_page((pte_t *)pud, addr,
>>>> +					   (pte_t *)pmd_base);
>>>> +
>>>> +			spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
>>>> +			pud_populate(&init_mm, pud, __va(pmd_phys));
>>>> +			spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
>>>> +
>>>> +			flush_tlb_all();
>>>> +		}
>>>> +
>>>> +		pmd_base = (pmd_t *)map_low_page((pmd_t *)pud_page_vaddr(*pud));
>>>> +		remove_pmd_table(pmd_base, addr, next, direct);
>>>> +		free_pmd_table(pmd_base, pud);
>>>> +		unmap_low_page(pmd_base);
>>>> +	}
>>>> +
>>>> +	if (direct)
>>>> +		update_page_count(PG_LEVEL_1G, -pages);
>>>> +}
>>>> +
>>>> +/* start and end are both virtual address. */
>>>> +static void __meminit
>>>> +remove_pagetable(unsigned long start, unsigned long end, bool direct)
>>>> +{
>>>> +	unsigned long next;
>>>> +	pgd_t *pgd;
>>>> +	pud_t *pud;
>>>> +	bool pgd_changed = false;
>>>> +
>>>> +	for (; start<   end; start = next) {
>>>> +		pgd = pgd_offset_k(start);
>>>> +		if (!pgd_present(*pgd))
>>>> +			continue;
>>>> +
>>>> +		next = pgd_addr_end(start, end);
>>>> +
>>>> +		pud = (pud_t *)map_low_page((pud_t *)pgd_page_vaddr(*pgd));
>>>> +		remove_pud_table(pud, start, next, direct);
>>>> +		if (free_pud_table(pud, pgd))
>>>> +			pgd_changed = true;
>>>> +		unmap_low_page(pud);
>>>> +	}
>>>> +
>>>> +	if (pgd_changed)
>>>> +		sync_global_pgds(start, end - 1);
>>>> +
>>>> +	flush_tlb_all();
>>>> +}
>>>> +
>>>>    #ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTREMOVE
>>>>    int __ref arch_remove_memory(u64 start, u64 size)
>>>>    {
>>>> diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/pageattr.c b/arch/x86/mm/pageattr.c
>>>> index a718e0d..7dcb6f9 100644
>>>> --- a/arch/x86/mm/pageattr.c
>>>> +++ b/arch/x86/mm/pageattr.c
>>>> @@ -501,21 +501,13 @@ out_unlock:
>>>>    	return do_split;
>>>>    }
>>>>
>>>> -static int split_large_page(pte_t *kpte, unsigned long address)
>>>> +int __split_large_page(pte_t *kpte, unsigned long address, pte_t *pbase)
>>>>    {
>>>>    	unsigned long pfn, pfninc = 1;
>>>>    	unsigned int i, level;
>>>> -	pte_t *pbase, *tmp;
>>>> +	pte_t *tmp;
>>>>    	pgprot_t ref_prot;
>>>> -	struct page *base;
>>>> -
>>>> -	if (!debug_pagealloc)
>>>> -		spin_unlock(&cpa_lock);
>>>> -	base = alloc_pages(GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_NOTRACK, 0);
>>>> -	if (!debug_pagealloc)
>>>> -		spin_lock(&cpa_lock);
>>>> -	if (!base)
>>>> -		return -ENOMEM;
>>>> +	struct page *base = virt_to_page(pbase);
>>>>
>>>>    	spin_lock(&pgd_lock);
>>>>    	/*
>>>> @@ -523,10 +515,11 @@ static int split_large_page(pte_t *kpte, unsigned long address)
>>>>    	 * up for us already:
>>>>    	 */
>>>>    	tmp = lookup_address(address,&level);
>>>> -	if (tmp != kpte)
>>>> -		goto out_unlock;
>>>> +	if (tmp != kpte) {
>>>> +		spin_unlock(&pgd_lock);
>>>> +		return 1;
>>>> +	}
>>>>
>>>> -	pbase = (pte_t *)page_address(base);
>>>>    	paravirt_alloc_pte(&init_mm, page_to_pfn(base));
>>>>    	ref_prot = pte_pgprot(pte_clrhuge(*kpte));
>>>>    	/*
>>>> @@ -579,17 +572,27 @@ static int split_large_page(pte_t *kpte, unsigned long address)
>>>>    	 * going on.
>>>>    	 */
>>>>    	__flush_tlb_all();
>>>> +	spin_unlock(&pgd_lock);
>>>>
>>>> -	base = NULL;
>>>> +	return 0;
>>>> +}
>>>>
>>>> -out_unlock:
>>>> -	/*
>>>> -	 * If we dropped out via the lookup_address check under
>>>> -	 * pgd_lock then stick the page back into the pool:
>>>> -	 */
>>>> -	if (base)
>>>> +static int split_large_page(pte_t *kpte, unsigned long address)
>>>> +{
>>>> +	pte_t *pbase;
>>>> +	struct page *base;
>>>> +
>>>> +	if (!debug_pagealloc)
>>>> +		spin_unlock(&cpa_lock);
>>>> +	base = alloc_pages(GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_NOTRACK, 0);
>>>> +	if (!debug_pagealloc)
>>>> +		spin_lock(&cpa_lock);
>>>> +	if (!base)
>>>> +		return -ENOMEM;
>>>> +
>>>> +	pbase = (pte_t *)page_address(base);
>>>> +	if (__split_large_page(kpte, address, pbase))
>>>>    		__free_page(base);
>>>> -	spin_unlock(&pgd_lock);
>>>>
>>>>    	return 0;
>>>>    }
>>>> diff --git a/include/linux/bootmem.h b/include/linux/bootmem.h
>>>> index 3f778c2..190ff06 100644
>>>> --- a/include/linux/bootmem.h
>>>> +++ b/include/linux/bootmem.h
>>>> @@ -53,6 +53,7 @@ extern void free_bootmem_node(pg_data_t *pgdat,
>>>>    			      unsigned long size);
>>>>    extern void free_bootmem(unsigned long physaddr, unsigned long size);
>>>>    extern void free_bootmem_late(unsigned long physaddr, unsigned long size);
>>>> +extern void __free_pages_bootmem(struct page *page, unsigned int order);
>>>>
>>>>    /*
>>>>     * Flags for reserve_bootmem (also if CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_BOOTMEM_NODE,
>>>
>>>
>>> --
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>>
>> --
>> To unsubscribe, send a message with 'unsubscribe linux-mm' in
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>
>
>
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Simon Jeons - Jan. 30, 2013, 7:32 a.m.
On Wed, 2013-01-30 at 13:55 +0800, Tang Chen wrote:
> On 01/30/2013 11:27 AM, Simon Jeons wrote:
> > On Wed, 2013-01-30 at 10:16 +0800, Tang Chen wrote:
> >> On 01/29/2013 09:04 PM, Simon Jeons wrote:
> >>> Hi Tang,
> >>> On Wed, 2013-01-09 at 17:32 +0800, Tang Chen wrote:
> >>>> From: Wen Congyang<wency@cn.fujitsu.com>
> >>>>
> >>>> When memory is removed, the corresponding pagetables should alse be removed.
> >>>> This patch introduces some common APIs to support vmemmap pagetable and x86_64
> >>>> architecture pagetable removing.
> >>>
> >>> Why don't need to build_all_zonelists like online_pages does during
> >>> hot-add path(add_memory)?
> >>
> >> Hi Simon,
> >>
> >> As you said, build_all_zonelists is done by online_pages. When the
> >> memory device
> >> is hot-added, we cannot use it. we can only use is when we online the
> >> pages on it.
> >
> > Why?
> >
> > If a node has just one memory device and memory is small, some zone will
> > not present like zone_highmem, then hot-add another memory device and
> > zone_highmem appear, if you should build_all_zonelists this time?
> 
> Hi Simon,
> 
> We built zone list when the first memory on the node is hot-added.
> 
> add_memory()
>   |-->if (!node_online(nid)) hotadd_new_pgdat()
>                               |-->free_area_init_node()
>                               |-->build_all_zonelists()
> 
> All the zones on the new node will be initialized as empty. So here, we 
> build zone list.
> 
> But actually we did nothing because no page is online, and zones are empty.
> In build_zonelists_node(), populated_zone(zone) will always be false.
> 
> The real work of building zone list is when pages are online. :)
> 
> 
> And in your question, you said some small memory is there, and 
> zone_normal is present.
> OK, when these pages are onlined (not added), the zone list has been 
> rebuilt.
> But pages in zone_highmem is not added, which means not onlined, so we 
> don't need to
> build zone list for it. And later, the zone_highmem pages are added, we 
> still don't
> rebuild the zone list because the real rebuilding work is when the pages 
> are onlined.
> 
> I think this is the current logic. :)

Thanks for you clarify. Actually, I miss "Even if the memory is
hot-added, it is not at ready-to-use state. For using newly added
memory, you have to 'online' the memory section" in the doc. :)

> 
> Thanks. :)
> 
> >
> >>
> >> But we can online the pages as different types, kernel or movable (which
> >> belongs to
> >> different zones), and we can online part of the memory, not all of them.
> >> So each time we online some pages, we should check if we need to update
> >> the zone list.
> >>
> >> So I think that is why we do build_all_zonelists when online_pages.
> >> (just my opinion)
> >>
> >> Thanks. :)
> >>
> >>>
> >>>>
> >>>> All pages of virtual mapping in removed memory cannot be freedi if some pages
> >>>> used as PGD/PUD includes not only removed memory but also other memory. So the
> >>>> patch uses the following way to check whether page can be freed or not.
> >>>>
> >>>>    1. When removing memory, the page structs of the revmoved memory are filled
> >>>>       with 0FD.
> >>>>    2. All page structs are filled with 0xFD on PT/PMD, PT/PMD can be cleared.
> >>>>       In this case, the page used as PT/PMD can be freed.
> >>>>
> >>>> Signed-off-by: Yasuaki Ishimatsu<isimatu.yasuaki@jp.fujitsu.com>
> >>>> Signed-off-by: Jianguo Wu<wujianguo@huawei.com>
> >>>> Signed-off-by: Wen Congyang<wency@cn.fujitsu.com>
> >>>> Signed-off-by: Tang Chen<tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com>
> >>>> ---
> >>>>    arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_types.h |    1 +
> >>>>    arch/x86/mm/init_64.c                |  299 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> >>>>    arch/x86/mm/pageattr.c               |   47 +++---
> >>>>    include/linux/bootmem.h              |    1 +
> >>>>    4 files changed, 326 insertions(+), 22 deletions(-)
> >>>>
> >>>> diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_types.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_types.h
> >>>> index 3c32db8..4b6fd2a 100644
> >>>> --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_types.h
> >>>> +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_types.h
> >>>> @@ -352,6 +352,7 @@ static inline void update_page_count(int level, unsigned long pages) { }
> >>>>     * as a pte too.
> >>>>     */
> >>>>    extern pte_t *lookup_address(unsigned long address, unsigned int *level);
> >>>> +extern int __split_large_page(pte_t *kpte, unsigned long address, pte_t *pbase);
> >>>>
> >>>>    #endif	/* !__ASSEMBLY__ */
> >>>>
> >>>> diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c b/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c
> >>>> index 9ac1723..fe01116 100644
> >>>> --- a/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c
> >>>> +++ b/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c
> >>>> @@ -682,6 +682,305 @@ int arch_add_memory(int nid, u64 start, u64 size)
> >>>>    }
> >>>>    EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(arch_add_memory);
> >>>>
> >>>> +#define PAGE_INUSE 0xFD
> >>>> +
> >>>> +static void __meminit free_pagetable(struct page *page, int order)
> >>>> +{
> >>>> +	struct zone *zone;
> >>>> +	bool bootmem = false;
> >>>> +	unsigned long magic;
> >>>> +	unsigned int nr_pages = 1<<   order;
> >>>> +
> >>>> +	/* bootmem page has reserved flag */
> >>>> +	if (PageReserved(page)) {
> >>>> +		__ClearPageReserved(page);
> >>>> +		bootmem = true;
> >>>> +
> >>>> +		magic = (unsigned long)page->lru.next;
> >>>> +		if (magic == SECTION_INFO || magic == MIX_SECTION_INFO) {
> >>>> +			while (nr_pages--)
> >>>> +				put_page_bootmem(page++);
> >>>> +		} else
> >>>> +			__free_pages_bootmem(page, order);
> >>>> +	} else
> >>>> +		free_pages((unsigned long)page_address(page), order);
> >>>> +
> >>>> +	/*
> >>>> +	 * SECTION_INFO pages and MIX_SECTION_INFO pages
> >>>> +	 * are all allocated by bootmem.
> >>>> +	 */
> >>>> +	if (bootmem) {
> >>>> +		zone = page_zone(page);
> >>>> +		zone_span_writelock(zone);
> >>>> +		zone->present_pages += nr_pages;
> >>>> +		zone_span_writeunlock(zone);
> >>>> +		totalram_pages += nr_pages;
> >>>> +	}
> >>>> +}
> >>>> +
> >>>> +static void __meminit free_pte_table(pte_t *pte_start, pmd_t *pmd)
> >>>> +{
> >>>> +	pte_t *pte;
> >>>> +	int i;
> >>>> +
> >>>> +	for (i = 0; i<   PTRS_PER_PTE; i++) {
> >>>> +		pte = pte_start + i;
> >>>> +		if (pte_val(*pte))
> >>>> +			return;
> >>>> +	}
> >>>> +
> >>>> +	/* free a pte talbe */
> >>>> +	free_pagetable(pmd_page(*pmd), 0);
> >>>> +	spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> >>>> +	pmd_clear(pmd);
> >>>> +	spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> >>>> +}
> >>>> +
> >>>> +static void __meminit free_pmd_table(pmd_t *pmd_start, pud_t *pud)
> >>>> +{
> >>>> +	pmd_t *pmd;
> >>>> +	int i;
> >>>> +
> >>>> +	for (i = 0; i<   PTRS_PER_PMD; i++) {
> >>>> +		pmd = pmd_start + i;
> >>>> +		if (pmd_val(*pmd))
> >>>> +			return;
> >>>> +	}
> >>>> +
> >>>> +	/* free a pmd talbe */
> >>>> +	free_pagetable(pud_page(*pud), 0);
> >>>> +	spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> >>>> +	pud_clear(pud);
> >>>> +	spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> >>>> +}
> >>>> +
> >>>> +/* Return true if pgd is changed, otherwise return false. */
> >>>> +static bool __meminit free_pud_table(pud_t *pud_start, pgd_t *pgd)
> >>>> +{
> >>>> +	pud_t *pud;
> >>>> +	int i;
> >>>> +
> >>>> +	for (i = 0; i<   PTRS_PER_PUD; i++) {
> >>>> +		pud = pud_start + i;
> >>>> +		if (pud_val(*pud))
> >>>> +			return false;
> >>>> +	}
> >>>> +
> >>>> +	/* free a pud table */
> >>>> +	free_pagetable(pgd_page(*pgd), 0);
> >>>> +	spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> >>>> +	pgd_clear(pgd);
> >>>> +	spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> >>>> +
> >>>> +	return true;
> >>>> +}
> >>>> +
> >>>> +static void __meminit
> >>>> +remove_pte_table(pte_t *pte_start, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
> >>>> +		 bool direct)
> >>>> +{
> >>>> +	unsigned long next, pages = 0;
> >>>> +	pte_t *pte;
> >>>> +	void *page_addr;
> >>>> +	phys_addr_t phys_addr;
> >>>> +
> >>>> +	pte = pte_start + pte_index(addr);
> >>>> +	for (; addr<   end; addr = next, pte++) {
> >>>> +		next = (addr + PAGE_SIZE)&   PAGE_MASK;
> >>>> +		if (next>   end)
> >>>> +			next = end;
> >>>> +
> >>>> +		if (!pte_present(*pte))
> >>>> +			continue;
> >>>> +
> >>>> +		/*
> >>>> +		 * We mapped [0,1G) memory as identity mapping when
> >>>> +		 * initializing, in arch/x86/kernel/head_64.S. These
> >>>> +		 * pagetables cannot be removed.
> >>>> +		 */
> >>>> +		phys_addr = pte_val(*pte) + (addr&   PAGE_MASK);
> >>>> +		if (phys_addr<   (phys_addr_t)0x40000000)
> >>>> +			return;
> >>>> +
> >>>> +		if (IS_ALIGNED(addr, PAGE_SIZE)&&
> >>>> +		    IS_ALIGNED(next, PAGE_SIZE)) {
> >>>> +			if (!direct) {
> >>>> +				free_pagetable(pte_page(*pte), 0);
> >>>> +				pages++;
> >>>> +			}
> >>>> +
> >>>> +			spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> >>>> +			pte_clear(&init_mm, addr, pte);
> >>>> +			spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> >>>> +		} else {
> >>>> +			/*
> >>>> +			 * If we are not removing the whole page, it means
> >>>> +			 * other ptes in this page are being used and we canot
> >>>> +			 * remove them. So fill the unused ptes with 0xFD, and
> >>>> +			 * remove the page when it is wholly filled with 0xFD.
> >>>> +			 */
> >>>> +			memset((void *)addr, PAGE_INUSE, next - addr);
> >>>> +			page_addr = page_address(pte_page(*pte));
> >>>> +
> >>>> +			if (!memchr_inv(page_addr, PAGE_INUSE, PAGE_SIZE)) {
> >>>> +				free_pagetable(pte_page(*pte), 0);
> >>>> +				pages++;
> >>>> +
> >>>> +				spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> >>>> +				pte_clear(&init_mm, addr, pte);
> >>>> +				spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> >>>> +			}
> >>>> +		}
> >>>> +	}
> >>>> +
> >>>> +	/* Call free_pte_table() in remove_pmd_table(). */
> >>>> +	flush_tlb_all();
> >>>> +	if (direct)
> >>>> +		update_page_count(PG_LEVEL_4K, -pages);
> >>>> +}
> >>>> +
> >>>> +static void __meminit
> >>>> +remove_pmd_table(pmd_t *pmd_start, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
> >>>> +		 bool direct)
> >>>> +{
> >>>> +	unsigned long pte_phys, next, pages = 0;
> >>>> +	pte_t *pte_base;
> >>>> +	pmd_t *pmd;
> >>>> +
> >>>> +	pmd = pmd_start + pmd_index(addr);
> >>>> +	for (; addr<   end; addr = next, pmd++) {
> >>>> +		next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end);
> >>>> +
> >>>> +		if (!pmd_present(*pmd))
> >>>> +			continue;
> >>>> +
> >>>> +		if (pmd_large(*pmd)) {
> >>>> +			if (IS_ALIGNED(addr, PMD_SIZE)&&
> >>>> +			    IS_ALIGNED(next, PMD_SIZE)) {
> >>>> +				if (!direct) {
> >>>> +					free_pagetable(pmd_page(*pmd),
> >>>> +						       get_order(PMD_SIZE));
> >>>> +					pages++;
> >>>> +				}
> >>>> +
> >>>> +				spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> >>>> +				pmd_clear(pmd);
> >>>> +				spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> >>>> +				continue;
> >>>> +			}
> >>>> +
> >>>> +			/*
> >>>> +			 * We use 2M page, but we need to remove part of them,
> >>>> +			 * so split 2M page to 4K page.
> >>>> +			 */
> >>>> +			pte_base = (pte_t *)alloc_low_page(&pte_phys);
> >>>> +			BUG_ON(!pte_base);
> >>>> +			__split_large_page((pte_t *)pmd, addr,
> >>>> +					   (pte_t *)pte_base);
> >>>> +
> >>>> +			spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> >>>> +			pmd_populate_kernel(&init_mm, pmd, __va(pte_phys));
> >>>> +			spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> >>>> +
> >>>> +			flush_tlb_all();
> >>>> +		}
> >>>> +
> >>>> +		pte_base = (pte_t *)map_low_page((pte_t *)pmd_page_vaddr(*pmd));
> >>>> +		remove_pte_table(pte_base, addr, next, direct);
> >>>> +		free_pte_table(pte_base, pmd);
> >>>> +		unmap_low_page(pte_base);
> >>>> +	}
> >>>> +
> >>>> +	/* Call free_pmd_table() in remove_pud_table(). */
> >>>> +	if (direct)
> >>>> +		update_page_count(PG_LEVEL_2M, -pages);
> >>>> +}
> >>>> +
> >>>> +static void __meminit
> >>>> +remove_pud_table(pud_t *pud_start, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
> >>>> +		 bool direct)
> >>>> +{
> >>>> +	unsigned long pmd_phys, next, pages = 0;
> >>>> +	pmd_t *pmd_base;
> >>>> +	pud_t *pud;
> >>>> +
> >>>> +	pud = pud_start + pud_index(addr);
> >>>> +	for (; addr<   end; addr = next, pud++) {
> >>>> +		next = pud_addr_end(addr, end);
> >>>> +
> >>>> +		if (!pud_present(*pud))
> >>>> +			continue;
> >>>> +
> >>>> +		if (pud_large(*pud)) {
> >>>> +			if (IS_ALIGNED(addr, PUD_SIZE)&&
> >>>> +			    IS_ALIGNED(next, PUD_SIZE)) {
> >>>> +				if (!direct) {
> >>>> +					free_pagetable(pud_page(*pud),
> >>>> +						       get_order(PUD_SIZE));
> >>>> +					pages++;
> >>>> +				}
> >>>> +
> >>>> +				spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> >>>> +				pud_clear(pud);
> >>>> +				spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> >>>> +				continue;
> >>>> +			}
> >>>> +
> >>>> +			/*
> >>>> +			 * We use 1G page, but we need to remove part of them,
> >>>> +			 * so split 1G page to 2M page.
> >>>> +			 */
> >>>> +			pmd_base = (pmd_t *)alloc_low_page(&pmd_phys);
> >>>> +			BUG_ON(!pmd_base);
> >>>> +			__split_large_page((pte_t *)pud, addr,
> >>>> +					   (pte_t *)pmd_base);
> >>>> +
> >>>> +			spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> >>>> +			pud_populate(&init_mm, pud, __va(pmd_phys));
> >>>> +			spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
> >>>> +
> >>>> +			flush_tlb_all();
> >>>> +		}
> >>>> +
> >>>> +		pmd_base = (pmd_t *)map_low_page((pmd_t *)pud_page_vaddr(*pud));
> >>>> +		remove_pmd_table(pmd_base, addr, next, direct);
> >>>> +		free_pmd_table(pmd_base, pud);
> >>>> +		unmap_low_page(pmd_base);
> >>>> +	}
> >>>> +
> >>>> +	if (direct)
> >>>> +		update_page_count(PG_LEVEL_1G, -pages);
> >>>> +}
> >>>> +
> >>>> +/* start and end are both virtual address. */
> >>>> +static void __meminit
> >>>> +remove_pagetable(unsigned long start, unsigned long end, bool direct)
> >>>> +{
> >>>> +	unsigned long next;
> >>>> +	pgd_t *pgd;
> >>>> +	pud_t *pud;
> >>>> +	bool pgd_changed = false;
> >>>> +
> >>>> +	for (; start<   end; start = next) {
> >>>> +		pgd = pgd_offset_k(start);
> >>>> +		if (!pgd_present(*pgd))
> >>>> +			continue;
> >>>> +
> >>>> +		next = pgd_addr_end(start, end);
> >>>> +
> >>>> +		pud = (pud_t *)map_low_page((pud_t *)pgd_page_vaddr(*pgd));
> >>>> +		remove_pud_table(pud, start, next, direct);
> >>>> +		if (free_pud_table(pud, pgd))
> >>>> +			pgd_changed = true;
> >>>> +		unmap_low_page(pud);
> >>>> +	}
> >>>> +
> >>>> +	if (pgd_changed)
> >>>> +		sync_global_pgds(start, end - 1);
> >>>> +
> >>>> +	flush_tlb_all();
> >>>> +}
> >>>> +
> >>>>    #ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTREMOVE
> >>>>    int __ref arch_remove_memory(u64 start, u64 size)
> >>>>    {
> >>>> diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/pageattr.c b/arch/x86/mm/pageattr.c
> >>>> index a718e0d..7dcb6f9 100644
> >>>> --- a/arch/x86/mm/pageattr.c
> >>>> +++ b/arch/x86/mm/pageattr.c
> >>>> @@ -501,21 +501,13 @@ out_unlock:
> >>>>    	return do_split;
> >>>>    }
> >>>>
> >>>> -static int split_large_page(pte_t *kpte, unsigned long address)
> >>>> +int __split_large_page(pte_t *kpte, unsigned long address, pte_t *pbase)
> >>>>    {
> >>>>    	unsigned long pfn, pfninc = 1;
> >>>>    	unsigned int i, level;
> >>>> -	pte_t *pbase, *tmp;
> >>>> +	pte_t *tmp;
> >>>>    	pgprot_t ref_prot;
> >>>> -	struct page *base;
> >>>> -
> >>>> -	if (!debug_pagealloc)
> >>>> -		spin_unlock(&cpa_lock);
> >>>> -	base = alloc_pages(GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_NOTRACK, 0);
> >>>> -	if (!debug_pagealloc)
> >>>> -		spin_lock(&cpa_lock);
> >>>> -	if (!base)
> >>>> -		return -ENOMEM;
> >>>> +	struct page *base = virt_to_page(pbase);
> >>>>
> >>>>    	spin_lock(&pgd_lock);
> >>>>    	/*
> >>>> @@ -523,10 +515,11 @@ static int split_large_page(pte_t *kpte, unsigned long address)
> >>>>    	 * up for us already:
> >>>>    	 */
> >>>>    	tmp = lookup_address(address,&level);
> >>>> -	if (tmp != kpte)
> >>>> -		goto out_unlock;
> >>>> +	if (tmp != kpte) {
> >>>> +		spin_unlock(&pgd_lock);
> >>>> +		return 1;
> >>>> +	}
> >>>>
> >>>> -	pbase = (pte_t *)page_address(base);
> >>>>    	paravirt_alloc_pte(&init_mm, page_to_pfn(base));
> >>>>    	ref_prot = pte_pgprot(pte_clrhuge(*kpte));
> >>>>    	/*
> >>>> @@ -579,17 +572,27 @@ static int split_large_page(pte_t *kpte, unsigned long address)
> >>>>    	 * going on.
> >>>>    	 */
> >>>>    	__flush_tlb_all();
> >>>> +	spin_unlock(&pgd_lock);
> >>>>
> >>>> -	base = NULL;
> >>>> +	return 0;
> >>>> +}
> >>>>
> >>>> -out_unlock:
> >>>> -	/*
> >>>> -	 * If we dropped out via the lookup_address check under
> >>>> -	 * pgd_lock then stick the page back into the pool:
> >>>> -	 */
> >>>> -	if (base)
> >>>> +static int split_large_page(pte_t *kpte, unsigned long address)
> >>>> +{
> >>>> +	pte_t *pbase;
> >>>> +	struct page *base;
> >>>> +
> >>>> +	if (!debug_pagealloc)
> >>>> +		spin_unlock(&cpa_lock);
> >>>> +	base = alloc_pages(GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_NOTRACK, 0);
> >>>> +	if (!debug_pagealloc)
> >>>> +		spin_lock(&cpa_lock);
> >>>> +	if (!base)
> >>>> +		return -ENOMEM;
> >>>> +
> >>>> +	pbase = (pte_t *)page_address(base);
> >>>> +	if (__split_large_page(kpte, address, pbase))
> >>>>    		__free_page(base);
> >>>> -	spin_unlock(&pgd_lock);
> >>>>
> >>>>    	return 0;
> >>>>    }
> >>>> diff --git a/include/linux/bootmem.h b/include/linux/bootmem.h
> >>>> index 3f778c2..190ff06 100644
> >>>> --- a/include/linux/bootmem.h
> >>>> +++ b/include/linux/bootmem.h
> >>>> @@ -53,6 +53,7 @@ extern void free_bootmem_node(pg_data_t *pgdat,
> >>>>    			      unsigned long size);
> >>>>    extern void free_bootmem(unsigned long physaddr, unsigned long size);
> >>>>    extern void free_bootmem_late(unsigned long physaddr, unsigned long size);
> >>>> +extern void __free_pages_bootmem(struct page *page, unsigned int order);
> >>>>
> >>>>    /*
> >>>>     * Flags for reserve_bootmem (also if CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_BOOTMEM_NODE,
> >>>
> >>>
> >>> --
> >>> To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-acpi" in
> >>> the body of a message to majordomo@vger.kernel.org
> >>> More majordomo info at  http://vger.kernel.org/majordomo-info.html
> >>>
> >>
> >> --
> >> To unsubscribe, send a message with 'unsubscribe linux-mm' in
> >> the body to majordomo@kvack.org.  For more info on Linux MM,
> >> see: http://www.linux-mm.org/ .
> >> Don't email:<a href=mailto:"dont@kvack.org">  email@kvack.org</a>
> >
> >
> >
> 
> --
> To unsubscribe, send a message with 'unsubscribe linux-mm' in
> the body to majordomo@kvack.org.  For more info on Linux MM,
> see: http://www.linux-mm.org/ .
> Don't email: <a href=mailto:"dont@kvack.org"> email@kvack.org </a>


--
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Patch

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_types.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_types.h
index 3c32db8..4b6fd2a 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_types.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_types.h
@@ -352,6 +352,7 @@  static inline void update_page_count(int level, unsigned long pages) { }
  * as a pte too.
  */
 extern pte_t *lookup_address(unsigned long address, unsigned int *level);
+extern int __split_large_page(pte_t *kpte, unsigned long address, pte_t *pbase);
 
 #endif	/* !__ASSEMBLY__ */
 
diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c b/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c
index 9ac1723..fe01116 100644
--- a/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c
@@ -682,6 +682,305 @@  int arch_add_memory(int nid, u64 start, u64 size)
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(arch_add_memory);
 
+#define PAGE_INUSE 0xFD
+
+static void __meminit free_pagetable(struct page *page, int order)
+{
+	struct zone *zone;
+	bool bootmem = false;
+	unsigned long magic;
+	unsigned int nr_pages = 1 << order;
+
+	/* bootmem page has reserved flag */
+	if (PageReserved(page)) {
+		__ClearPageReserved(page);
+		bootmem = true;
+
+		magic = (unsigned long)page->lru.next;
+		if (magic == SECTION_INFO || magic == MIX_SECTION_INFO) {
+			while (nr_pages--)
+				put_page_bootmem(page++);
+		} else
+			__free_pages_bootmem(page, order);
+	} else
+		free_pages((unsigned long)page_address(page), order);
+
+	/*
+	 * SECTION_INFO pages and MIX_SECTION_INFO pages
+	 * are all allocated by bootmem.
+	 */
+	if (bootmem) {
+		zone = page_zone(page);
+		zone_span_writelock(zone);
+		zone->present_pages += nr_pages;
+		zone_span_writeunlock(zone);
+		totalram_pages += nr_pages;
+	}
+}
+
+static void __meminit free_pte_table(pte_t *pte_start, pmd_t *pmd)
+{
+	pte_t *pte;
+	int i;
+
+	for (i = 0; i < PTRS_PER_PTE; i++) {
+		pte = pte_start + i;
+		if (pte_val(*pte))
+			return;
+	}
+
+	/* free a pte talbe */
+	free_pagetable(pmd_page(*pmd), 0);
+	spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
+	pmd_clear(pmd);
+	spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
+}
+
+static void __meminit free_pmd_table(pmd_t *pmd_start, pud_t *pud)
+{
+	pmd_t *pmd;
+	int i;
+
+	for (i = 0; i < PTRS_PER_PMD; i++) {
+		pmd = pmd_start + i;
+		if (pmd_val(*pmd))
+			return;
+	}
+
+	/* free a pmd talbe */
+	free_pagetable(pud_page(*pud), 0);
+	spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
+	pud_clear(pud);
+	spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
+}
+
+/* Return true if pgd is changed, otherwise return false. */
+static bool __meminit free_pud_table(pud_t *pud_start, pgd_t *pgd)
+{
+	pud_t *pud;
+	int i;
+
+	for (i = 0; i < PTRS_PER_PUD; i++) {
+		pud = pud_start + i;
+		if (pud_val(*pud))
+			return false;
+	}
+
+	/* free a pud table */
+	free_pagetable(pgd_page(*pgd), 0);
+	spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
+	pgd_clear(pgd);
+	spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
+
+	return true;
+}
+
+static void __meminit
+remove_pte_table(pte_t *pte_start, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
+		 bool direct)
+{
+	unsigned long next, pages = 0;
+	pte_t *pte;
+	void *page_addr;
+	phys_addr_t phys_addr;
+
+	pte = pte_start + pte_index(addr);
+	for (; addr < end; addr = next, pte++) {
+		next = (addr + PAGE_SIZE) & PAGE_MASK;
+		if (next > end)
+			next = end;
+
+		if (!pte_present(*pte))
+			continue;
+
+		/*
+		 * We mapped [0,1G) memory as identity mapping when
+		 * initializing, in arch/x86/kernel/head_64.S. These
+		 * pagetables cannot be removed.
+		 */
+		phys_addr = pte_val(*pte) + (addr & PAGE_MASK);
+		if (phys_addr < (phys_addr_t)0x40000000)
+			return;
+
+		if (IS_ALIGNED(addr, PAGE_SIZE) &&
+		    IS_ALIGNED(next, PAGE_SIZE)) {
+			if (!direct) {
+				free_pagetable(pte_page(*pte), 0);
+				pages++;
+			}
+
+			spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
+			pte_clear(&init_mm, addr, pte);
+			spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
+		} else {
+			/*
+			 * If we are not removing the whole page, it means
+			 * other ptes in this page are being used and we canot
+			 * remove them. So fill the unused ptes with 0xFD, and
+			 * remove the page when it is wholly filled with 0xFD.
+			 */
+			memset((void *)addr, PAGE_INUSE, next - addr);
+			page_addr = page_address(pte_page(*pte));
+
+			if (!memchr_inv(page_addr, PAGE_INUSE, PAGE_SIZE)) {
+				free_pagetable(pte_page(*pte), 0);
+				pages++;
+
+				spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
+				pte_clear(&init_mm, addr, pte);
+				spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
+			}
+		}
+	}
+
+	/* Call free_pte_table() in remove_pmd_table(). */
+	flush_tlb_all();
+	if (direct)
+		update_page_count(PG_LEVEL_4K, -pages);
+}
+
+static void __meminit
+remove_pmd_table(pmd_t *pmd_start, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
+		 bool direct)
+{
+	unsigned long pte_phys, next, pages = 0;
+	pte_t *pte_base;
+	pmd_t *pmd;
+
+	pmd = pmd_start + pmd_index(addr);
+	for (; addr < end; addr = next, pmd++) {
+		next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end);
+
+		if (!pmd_present(*pmd))
+			continue;
+
+		if (pmd_large(*pmd)) {
+			if (IS_ALIGNED(addr, PMD_SIZE) &&
+			    IS_ALIGNED(next, PMD_SIZE)) {
+				if (!direct) {
+					free_pagetable(pmd_page(*pmd),
+						       get_order(PMD_SIZE));
+					pages++;
+				}
+
+				spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
+				pmd_clear(pmd);
+				spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
+				continue;
+			}
+
+			/*
+			 * We use 2M page, but we need to remove part of them,
+			 * so split 2M page to 4K page.
+			 */
+			pte_base = (pte_t *)alloc_low_page(&pte_phys);
+			BUG_ON(!pte_base);
+			__split_large_page((pte_t *)pmd, addr,
+					   (pte_t *)pte_base);
+
+			spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
+			pmd_populate_kernel(&init_mm, pmd, __va(pte_phys));
+			spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
+
+			flush_tlb_all();
+		}
+
+		pte_base = (pte_t *)map_low_page((pte_t *)pmd_page_vaddr(*pmd));
+		remove_pte_table(pte_base, addr, next, direct);
+		free_pte_table(pte_base, pmd);
+		unmap_low_page(pte_base);
+	}
+
+	/* Call free_pmd_table() in remove_pud_table(). */
+	if (direct)
+		update_page_count(PG_LEVEL_2M, -pages);
+}
+
+static void __meminit
+remove_pud_table(pud_t *pud_start, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
+		 bool direct)
+{
+	unsigned long pmd_phys, next, pages = 0;
+	pmd_t *pmd_base;
+	pud_t *pud;
+
+	pud = pud_start + pud_index(addr);
+	for (; addr < end; addr = next, pud++) {
+		next = pud_addr_end(addr, end);
+
+		if (!pud_present(*pud))
+			continue;
+
+		if (pud_large(*pud)) {
+			if (IS_ALIGNED(addr, PUD_SIZE) &&
+			    IS_ALIGNED(next, PUD_SIZE)) {
+				if (!direct) {
+					free_pagetable(pud_page(*pud),
+						       get_order(PUD_SIZE));
+					pages++;
+				}
+
+				spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
+				pud_clear(pud);
+				spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
+				continue;
+			}
+
+			/*
+			 * We use 1G page, but we need to remove part of them,
+			 * so split 1G page to 2M page.
+			 */
+			pmd_base = (pmd_t *)alloc_low_page(&pmd_phys);
+			BUG_ON(!pmd_base);
+			__split_large_page((pte_t *)pud, addr,
+					   (pte_t *)pmd_base);
+
+			spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
+			pud_populate(&init_mm, pud, __va(pmd_phys));
+			spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
+
+			flush_tlb_all();
+		}
+
+		pmd_base = (pmd_t *)map_low_page((pmd_t *)pud_page_vaddr(*pud));
+		remove_pmd_table(pmd_base, addr, next, direct);
+		free_pmd_table(pmd_base, pud);
+		unmap_low_page(pmd_base);
+	}
+
+	if (direct)
+		update_page_count(PG_LEVEL_1G, -pages);
+}
+
+/* start and end are both virtual address. */
+static void __meminit
+remove_pagetable(unsigned long start, unsigned long end, bool direct)
+{
+	unsigned long next;
+	pgd_t *pgd;
+	pud_t *pud;
+	bool pgd_changed = false;
+
+	for (; start < end; start = next) {
+		pgd = pgd_offset_k(start);
+		if (!pgd_present(*pgd))
+			continue;
+
+		next = pgd_addr_end(start, end);
+
+		pud = (pud_t *)map_low_page((pud_t *)pgd_page_vaddr(*pgd));
+		remove_pud_table(pud, start, next, direct);
+		if (free_pud_table(pud, pgd))
+			pgd_changed = true;
+		unmap_low_page(pud);
+	}
+
+	if (pgd_changed)
+		sync_global_pgds(start, end - 1);
+
+	flush_tlb_all();
+}
+
 #ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTREMOVE
 int __ref arch_remove_memory(u64 start, u64 size)
 {
diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/pageattr.c b/arch/x86/mm/pageattr.c
index a718e0d..7dcb6f9 100644
--- a/arch/x86/mm/pageattr.c
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/pageattr.c
@@ -501,21 +501,13 @@  out_unlock:
 	return do_split;
 }
 
-static int split_large_page(pte_t *kpte, unsigned long address)
+int __split_large_page(pte_t *kpte, unsigned long address, pte_t *pbase)
 {
 	unsigned long pfn, pfninc = 1;
 	unsigned int i, level;
-	pte_t *pbase, *tmp;
+	pte_t *tmp;
 	pgprot_t ref_prot;
-	struct page *base;
-
-	if (!debug_pagealloc)
-		spin_unlock(&cpa_lock);
-	base = alloc_pages(GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_NOTRACK, 0);
-	if (!debug_pagealloc)
-		spin_lock(&cpa_lock);
-	if (!base)
-		return -ENOMEM;
+	struct page *base = virt_to_page(pbase);
 
 	spin_lock(&pgd_lock);
 	/*
@@ -523,10 +515,11 @@  static int split_large_page(pte_t *kpte, unsigned long address)
 	 * up for us already:
 	 */
 	tmp = lookup_address(address, &level);
-	if (tmp != kpte)
-		goto out_unlock;
+	if (tmp != kpte) {
+		spin_unlock(&pgd_lock);
+		return 1;
+	}
 
-	pbase = (pte_t *)page_address(base);
 	paravirt_alloc_pte(&init_mm, page_to_pfn(base));
 	ref_prot = pte_pgprot(pte_clrhuge(*kpte));
 	/*
@@ -579,17 +572,27 @@  static int split_large_page(pte_t *kpte, unsigned long address)
 	 * going on.
 	 */
 	__flush_tlb_all();
+	spin_unlock(&pgd_lock);
 
-	base = NULL;
+	return 0;
+}
 
-out_unlock:
-	/*
-	 * If we dropped out via the lookup_address check under
-	 * pgd_lock then stick the page back into the pool:
-	 */
-	if (base)
+static int split_large_page(pte_t *kpte, unsigned long address)
+{
+	pte_t *pbase;
+	struct page *base;
+
+	if (!debug_pagealloc)
+		spin_unlock(&cpa_lock);
+	base = alloc_pages(GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_NOTRACK, 0);
+	if (!debug_pagealloc)
+		spin_lock(&cpa_lock);
+	if (!base)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+
+	pbase = (pte_t *)page_address(base);
+	if (__split_large_page(kpte, address, pbase))
 		__free_page(base);
-	spin_unlock(&pgd_lock);
 
 	return 0;
 }
diff --git a/include/linux/bootmem.h b/include/linux/bootmem.h
index 3f778c2..190ff06 100644
--- a/include/linux/bootmem.h
+++ b/include/linux/bootmem.h
@@ -53,6 +53,7 @@  extern void free_bootmem_node(pg_data_t *pgdat,
 			      unsigned long size);
 extern void free_bootmem(unsigned long physaddr, unsigned long size);
 extern void free_bootmem_late(unsigned long physaddr, unsigned long size);
+extern void __free_pages_bootmem(struct page *page, unsigned int order);
 
 /*
  * Flags for reserve_bootmem (also if CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_BOOTMEM_NODE,