Patchwork Major network performance regression in 3.7

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Submitter willy tarreau
Date Jan. 6, 2013, 3:51 p.m.
Message ID <20130106155123.GB16031@1wt.eu>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/209779/
State RFC
Delegated to: David Miller
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Comments

willy tarreau - Jan. 6, 2013, 3:51 p.m.
Hi Eric,

On Sun, Jan 06, 2013 at 06:59:02AM -0800, Eric Dumazet wrote:
> On Sun, 2013-01-06 at 10:24 +0100, Willy Tarreau wrote:
> 
> > It does not change anything to the tests above unfortunately. It did not
> > even stabilize the unstable runs.
> > 
> > I'll check if I can spot the original commit which caused the regression
> > for MTUs that are not n*4096+52.
> 
> Since you don't post your program, I wont be able to help, just by
> guessing what it does...

Oh sorry, I didn't really want to pollute the list with links and configs,
especially during the initial report with various combined issues :-(

The client is my old "inject" tool, available here :

     http://git.1wt.eu/web?p=inject.git

The server is my "httpterm" tool, available here :

     http://git.1wt.eu/web?p=httpterm.git
     Use "-O3 -DENABLE_POLL -DENABLE_EPOLL -DENABLE_SPLICE" for CFLAGS.

I'm starting httpterm this way :
    httpterm -D -L :8000 -P 256
    => it starts a server on port 8000, and sets pipe size to 256 kB. It
       uses SPLICE_F_MORE on output data but removing it did not fix the
       issue one of the early tests.

Then I'm starting inject this way :
    inject -o 1 -u 1 -G 0:8000/?s=1g
    => 1 user, 1 object at a time, and fetch /?s=1g from the loopback.
       The server will then emit 1 GB of data using splice().

It's possible to disable splicing on the server using -dS. The client
"eats" data using recv(MSG_TRUNC) to avoid a useless copy.

> TCP has very low defaults concerning initial window, and it appears you
> set RCVBUF to even smaller values.

Yes, you're right, my bootup scripts still change the default value, though
I increase them to larger values during the tests (except the one where you
saw win 8030 due to the default rmem set to 16060). I've been using this
value in the past with older kernels because it allowed an integer number
of segments to fit into the default window, and offered optimal performance
with large numbers of concurrent connections. Since 2.6, tcp_moderate_rcvbuf
works very well and this is not needed anymore.

Anyway, it does not affect the test here. Good kernels are OK whatever the
default value, and bad kernels are bad whatever the default value too.

Hmmm finally it's this commit again :

   2f53384 tcp: allow splice() to build full TSO packets

I'm saying "again" because we already diagnosed a similar effect several
months ago that was revealed by this patch and we fixed it with the
following  one, though I remember that we weren't completely sure it
would fix everything :

   bad115c tcp: do_tcp_sendpages() must try to push data out on oom conditions

Just out of curiosity, I tried to re-apply the patch above just after the
first one but it did not change anything (after all it changed a symptom
which appeared in different conditions).

Interestingly, this commit (2f53384) significantly improved performance
on spliced data over the loopback (more than 50% in this test). In 3.7,
it seems to have no positive effect anymore. I reverted it using the
following patch and now the problem is fixed (mtu=64k works fine now) :

Regards,
Willy

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Eric Dumazet - Jan. 6, 2013, 4:39 p.m.
On Sun, 2013-01-06 at 16:51 +0100, Willy Tarreau wrote:
> Hi Eric,
> 

> Oh sorry, I didn't really want to pollute the list with links and configs,
> especially during the initial report with various combined issues :-(
> 
> The client is my old "inject" tool, available here :
> 
>      http://git.1wt.eu/web?p=inject.git
> 
> The server is my "httpterm" tool, available here :
> 
>      http://git.1wt.eu/web?p=httpterm.git
>      Use "-O3 -DENABLE_POLL -DENABLE_EPOLL -DENABLE_SPLICE" for CFLAGS.
> 
> I'm starting httpterm this way :
>     httpterm -D -L :8000 -P 256
>     => it starts a server on port 8000, and sets pipe size to 256 kB. It
>        uses SPLICE_F_MORE on output data but removing it did not fix the
>        issue one of the early tests.
> 
> Then I'm starting inject this way :
>     inject -o 1 -u 1 -G 0:8000/?s=1g
>     => 1 user, 1 object at a time, and fetch /?s=1g from the loopback.
>        The server will then emit 1 GB of data using splice().
> 
> It's possible to disable splicing on the server using -dS. The client
> "eats" data using recv(MSG_TRUNC) to avoid a useless copy.
> 
> > TCP has very low defaults concerning initial window, and it appears you
> > set RCVBUF to even smaller values.
> 
> Yes, you're right, my bootup scripts still change the default value, though
> I increase them to larger values during the tests (except the one where you
> saw win 8030 due to the default rmem set to 16060). I've been using this
> value in the past with older kernels because it allowed an integer number
> of segments to fit into the default window, and offered optimal performance
> with large numbers of concurrent connections. Since 2.6, tcp_moderate_rcvbuf
> works very well and this is not needed anymore.
> 
> Anyway, it does not affect the test here. Good kernels are OK whatever the
> default value, and bad kernels are bad whatever the default value too.
> 
> Hmmm finally it's this commit again :
> 
>    2f53384 tcp: allow splice() to build full TSO packets
> 
> I'm saying "again" because we already diagnosed a similar effect several
> months ago that was revealed by this patch and we fixed it with the
> following  one, though I remember that we weren't completely sure it
> would fix everything :
> 
>    bad115c tcp: do_tcp_sendpages() must try to push data out on oom conditions
> 
> Just out of curiosity, I tried to re-apply the patch above just after the
> first one but it did not change anything (after all it changed a symptom
> which appeared in different conditions).
> 
> Interestingly, this commit (2f53384) significantly improved performance
> on spliced data over the loopback (more than 50% in this test). In 3.7,
> it seems to have no positive effect anymore. I reverted it using the
> following patch and now the problem is fixed (mtu=64k works fine now) :
> 
> diff --git a/net/ipv4/tcp.c b/net/ipv4/tcp.c
> index e457c7a..61e4517 100644
> --- a/net/ipv4/tcp.c
> +++ b/net/ipv4/tcp.c
> @@ -935,7 +935,7 @@ wait_for_memory:
>  	}
>  
>  out:
> -	if (copied && !(flags & MSG_SENDPAGE_NOTLAST))
> +	if (copied)
>  		tcp_push(sk, flags, mss_now, tp->nonagle);
>  	return copied;
> 
> Regards,
> Willy
> 

Hmm, I'll have to check if this really can be reverted without hurting
vmsplice() again.



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willy tarreau - Jan. 6, 2013, 4:44 p.m.
On Sun, Jan 06, 2013 at 08:39:53AM -0800, Eric Dumazet wrote:
> Hmm, I'll have to check if this really can be reverted without hurting
> vmsplice() again.

Looking at the code I've been wondering whether we shouldn't transform
the condition to perform the push if we can't push more segments, but
I don't know what to rely on. It would be something like this :

       if (copied &&
          (!(flags & MSG_SENDPAGE_NOTLAST) || cant_push_more))
                tcp_push(sk, flags, mss_now, tp->nonagle);

Willy

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Patch

diff --git a/net/ipv4/tcp.c b/net/ipv4/tcp.c
index e457c7a..61e4517 100644
--- a/net/ipv4/tcp.c
+++ b/net/ipv4/tcp.c
@@ -935,7 +935,7 @@  wait_for_memory:
 	}
 
 out:
-	if (copied && !(flags & MSG_SENDPAGE_NOTLAST))
+	if (copied)
 		tcp_push(sk, flags, mss_now, tp->nonagle);
 	return copied;