Patchwork vfio powerpc: implemented IOMMU driver for VFIO

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Submitter Alexey Kardashevskiy
Date Dec. 12, 2012, 12:35 p.m.
Message ID <1355315710-31189-1-git-send-email-aik@ozlabs.ru>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/205500/
State Changes Requested
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Comments

Alexey Kardashevskiy - Dec. 12, 2012, 12:35 p.m.
VFIO implements platform independent stuff such as
a PCI driver, BAR access (via read/write on a file descriptor
or direct mapping when possible) and IRQ signaling.

The platform dependent part includes IOMMU initialization
and handling. This patch implements an IOMMU driver for VFIO
which does mapping/unmapping pages for the guest IO and
provides information about DMA window (required by a POWERPC
guest).

The counterpart in QEMU is required to support this functionality.

Cc: David Gibson <david@gibson.dropbear.id.au>
Signed-off-by: Alexey Kardashevskiy <aik@ozlabs.ru>
---
 drivers/vfio/Kconfig                |    6 +
 drivers/vfio/Makefile               |    1 +
 drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_spapr_tce.c |  249 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 include/linux/vfio.h                |   31 +++++
 4 files changed, 287 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_spapr_tce.c

Patch

diff --git a/drivers/vfio/Kconfig b/drivers/vfio/Kconfig
index 7cd5dec..b464687 100644
--- a/drivers/vfio/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/vfio/Kconfig
@@ -3,10 +3,16 @@  config VFIO_IOMMU_TYPE1
 	depends on VFIO
 	default n
 
+config VFIO_IOMMU_SPAPR_TCE
+	tristate
+	depends on VFIO && SPAPR_TCE_IOMMU
+	default n
+
 menuconfig VFIO
 	tristate "VFIO Non-Privileged userspace driver framework"
 	depends on IOMMU_API
 	select VFIO_IOMMU_TYPE1 if X86
+	select VFIO_IOMMU_SPAPR_TCE if PPC_POWERNV
 	help
 	  VFIO provides a framework for secure userspace device drivers.
 	  See Documentation/vfio.txt for more details.
diff --git a/drivers/vfio/Makefile b/drivers/vfio/Makefile
index 2398d4a..72bfabc 100644
--- a/drivers/vfio/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/vfio/Makefile
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@ 
 obj-$(CONFIG_VFIO) += vfio.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_VFIO_IOMMU_TYPE1) += vfio_iommu_type1.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_VFIO_IOMMU_SPAPR_TCE) += vfio_iommu_spapr_tce.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_VFIO_PCI) += pci/
diff --git a/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_spapr_tce.c b/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_spapr_tce.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..714bf57
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_spapr_tce.c
@@ -0,0 +1,249 @@ 
+/*
+ * VFIO: IOMMU DMA mapping support for TCE on POWER
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2012 IBM Corp.  All rights reserved.
+ *     Author: Alexey Kardashevskiy <aik@ozlabs.ru>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * Derived from original vfio_iommu_type1.c:
+ * Copyright (C) 2012 Red Hat, Inc.  All rights reserved.
+ *     Author: Alex Williamson <alex.williamson@redhat.com>
+ */
+
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/pci.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/uaccess.h>
+#include <linux/err.h>
+#include <linux/vfio.h>
+#include <asm/iommu.h>
+
+#define DRIVER_VERSION  "0.1"
+#define DRIVER_AUTHOR   "aik@ozlabs.ru"
+#define DRIVER_DESC     "VFIO IOMMU SPAPR TCE"
+
+static void tce_iommu_detach_group(void *iommu_data,
+		struct iommu_group *iommu_group);
+
+/*
+ * VFIO IOMMU fd for SPAPR_TCE IOMMU implementation
+ *
+ * This code handles mapping and unmapping of user data buffers
+ * into DMA'ble space using the IOMMU
+ */
+
+/*
+ * The container descriptor supports only a single group per container.
+ * Required by the API as the container is not supplied with the IOMMU group
+ * at the moment of initialization.
+ */
+struct tce_container {
+	struct mutex lock;
+	struct iommu_table *tbl;
+};
+
+static void *tce_iommu_open(unsigned long arg)
+{
+	struct tce_container *container;
+
+	if (arg != VFIO_SPAPR_TCE_IOMMU) {
+		pr_err("tce_vfio: Wrong IOMMU type\n");
+		return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
+	}
+
+	container = kzalloc(sizeof(*container), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!container)
+		return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+
+	mutex_init(&container->lock);
+
+	return container;
+}
+
+static void tce_iommu_release(void *iommu_data)
+{
+	struct tce_container *container = iommu_data;
+
+	WARN_ON(container->tbl && !container->tbl->it_group);
+	if (container->tbl && container->tbl->it_group)
+		tce_iommu_detach_group(iommu_data, container->tbl->it_group);
+
+	mutex_destroy(&container->lock);
+
+	kfree(container);
+}
+
+static long tce_iommu_ioctl(void *iommu_data,
+				 unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
+{
+	struct tce_container *container = iommu_data;
+	unsigned long minsz;
+	long ret;
+
+	switch (cmd) {
+	case VFIO_CHECK_EXTENSION:
+		return (arg == VFIO_SPAPR_TCE_IOMMU) ? 1 : 0;
+
+ 	case VFIO_IOMMU_SPAPR_TCE_GET_INFO: {
+		struct vfio_iommu_spapr_tce_info info;
+		struct iommu_table *tbl = container->tbl;
+
+		if (WARN_ON(!tbl))
+			return -ENXIO;
+
+		minsz = offsetofend(struct vfio_iommu_spapr_tce_info,
+				dma32_window_size);
+
+		if (copy_from_user(&info, (void __user *)arg, minsz))
+			return -EFAULT;
+
+		if (info.argsz < minsz)
+			return -EINVAL;
+
+		info.dma32_window_start = tbl->it_offset << IOMMU_PAGE_SHIFT;
+		info.dma32_window_size = tbl->it_size << IOMMU_PAGE_SHIFT;
+		info.flags = 0;
+
+		if (copy_to_user((void __user *)arg, &info, minsz))
+			return -EFAULT;
+
+		return 0;
+	}
+	case VFIO_IOMMU_MAP_DMA: {
+		vfio_iommu_spapr_tce_dma_map param;
+		struct iommu_table *tbl = container->tbl;
+		enum dma_data_direction direction;
+
+		if (WARN_ON(!tbl))
+			return -ENXIO;
+
+		minsz = offsetofend(vfio_iommu_spapr_tce_dma_map, size);
+
+		if (copy_from_user(&param, (void __user *)arg, minsz))
+			return -EFAULT;
+
+		if (param.argsz < minsz)
+			return -EINVAL;
+
+		if ((param.flags & VFIO_DMA_MAP_FLAG_READ) &&
+				(param.flags & VFIO_DMA_MAP_FLAG_WRITE))
+			direction = DMA_BIDIRECTIONAL;
+		else if (param.flags & VFIO_DMA_MAP_FLAG_READ)
+			direction = DMA_TO_DEVICE;
+		else if (param.flags & VFIO_DMA_MAP_FLAG_WRITE)
+			direction = DMA_FROM_DEVICE;
+		else
+			return -EINVAL;
+
+		ret = iommu_put_tces(tbl, param.iova, param.vaddr, direction,
+				param.size);
+
+		return ret;
+	}
+	case VFIO_IOMMU_UNMAP_DMA: {
+		vfio_iommu_spapr_tce_dma_unmap param;
+		struct iommu_table *tbl = container->tbl;
+
+		if (WARN_ON(!tbl))
+			return -ENXIO;
+
+		minsz = offsetofend(vfio_iommu_spapr_tce_dma_unmap, size);
+
+		if (copy_from_user(&param, (void __user *)arg, minsz))
+			return -EFAULT;
+
+		if (param.argsz < minsz)
+			return -EINVAL;
+
+		/* No flag is supported now */
+		if (param.flags)
+			return -EINVAL;
+
+		ret = iommu_clear_tces(tbl, param.iova, param.size);
+
+		return ret;
+	}
+	}
+
+	return -ENOTTY;
+}
+
+static int tce_iommu_attach_group(void *iommu_data,
+		struct iommu_group *iommu_group)
+{
+	struct tce_container *container = iommu_data;
+	struct iommu_table *tbl = iommu_group_get_iommudata(iommu_group);
+
+	BUG_ON(!tbl);
+	mutex_lock(&container->lock);
+	pr_debug("tce_vfio: Attaching group #%u to iommu %p\n",
+			iommu_group_id(iommu_group), iommu_group);
+	if (container->tbl) {
+		pr_warn("tce_vfio: Only one group per IOMMU container is allowed, existing id=%d, attaching id=%d\n",
+				iommu_group_id(container->tbl->it_group),
+				iommu_group_id(iommu_group));
+		mutex_unlock(&container->lock);
+		return -EBUSY;
+	}
+
+	container->tbl = tbl;
+	iommu_reset_table(tbl, false);
+	mutex_unlock(&container->lock);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static void tce_iommu_detach_group(void *iommu_data,
+		struct iommu_group *iommu_group)
+{
+	struct tce_container *container = iommu_data;
+	struct iommu_table *tbl = iommu_group_get_iommudata(iommu_group);
+
+	BUG_ON(!tbl);
+	mutex_lock(&container->lock);
+	if (tbl != container->tbl) {
+		pr_warn("tce_vfio: detaching group #%u, expected group is #%u\n",
+				iommu_group_id(iommu_group),
+				iommu_group_id(tbl->it_group));
+	} else {
+
+		pr_debug("tce_vfio: detaching group #%u from iommu %p\n",
+				iommu_group_id(iommu_group), iommu_group);
+
+		container->tbl = NULL;
+		iommu_reset_table(tbl, true);
+	}
+	mutex_unlock(&container->lock);
+}
+
+const struct vfio_iommu_driver_ops tce_iommu_driver_ops = {
+	.name		= "iommu-vfio-powerpc",
+	.owner		= THIS_MODULE,
+	.open		= tce_iommu_open,
+	.release	= tce_iommu_release,
+	.ioctl		= tce_iommu_ioctl,
+	.attach_group	= tce_iommu_attach_group,
+	.detach_group	= tce_iommu_detach_group,
+};
+
+static int __init tce_iommu_init(void)
+{
+	return vfio_register_iommu_driver(&tce_iommu_driver_ops);
+}
+
+static void __exit tce_iommu_cleanup(void)
+{
+	vfio_unregister_iommu_driver(&tce_iommu_driver_ops);
+}
+
+module_init(tce_iommu_init);
+module_exit(tce_iommu_cleanup);
+
+MODULE_VERSION(DRIVER_VERSION);
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
+MODULE_AUTHOR(DRIVER_AUTHOR);
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION(DRIVER_DESC);
+
diff --git a/include/linux/vfio.h b/include/linux/vfio.h
index 0a4f180..b97697d 100644
--- a/include/linux/vfio.h
+++ b/include/linux/vfio.h
@@ -99,6 +99,7 @@  extern void vfio_unregister_iommu_driver(
 /* Extensions */
 
 #define VFIO_TYPE1_IOMMU		1
+#define VFIO_SPAPR_TCE_IOMMU		2
 
 /*
  * The IOCTL interface is designed for extensibility by embedding the
@@ -442,4 +443,34 @@  struct vfio_iommu_type1_dma_unmap {
 
 #define VFIO_IOMMU_UNMAP_DMA _IO(VFIO_TYPE, VFIO_BASE + 14)
 
+/* -------- Additional API for SPAPR TCE (Server POWERPC) IOMMU -------- */
+
+/*
+ * The SPAPR TCE info struct provides the information about the PCI bus
+ * address ranges available for DMA, these values are programmed into
+ * the hardware so the guest has to know that information.
+ *
+ * The DMA 32 bit window start is an absolute PCI bus address.
+ * The IOVA address passed via map/unmap ioctls are absolute PCI bus
+ * addresses too so the window works as a filter rather than an offset
+ * for IOVA addresses.
+ *
+ * A flag will need to be added if other page sizes are supported,
+ * so as defined here, it is always 4k.
+ */
+struct vfio_iommu_spapr_tce_info {
+	__u32 argsz;
+	__u32 flags;			/* reserved for future use */
+	__u32 dma32_window_start;	/* 32 bit window start (bytes) */
+	__u32 dma32_window_size;	/* 32 bit window size (bytes) */
+};
+
+#define VFIO_IOMMU_SPAPR_TCE_GET_INFO	_IO(VFIO_TYPE, VFIO_BASE + 12)
+
+/* Reuse type1 map/unmap structs as they are the same at the moment */
+typedef struct vfio_iommu_type1_dma_map vfio_iommu_spapr_tce_dma_map;
+typedef struct vfio_iommu_type1_dma_unmap vfio_iommu_spapr_tce_dma_unmap;
+
+/* ***************************************************************** */
+
 #endif /* VFIO_H */