Patchwork [v3,2/3] mtd: devices: elm: Add support for ELM error correction

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Submitter Philip, Avinash
Date Nov. 29, 2012, 11:46 a.m.
Message ID <1354189595-12784-3-git-send-email-avinashphilip@ti.com>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/202718/
State New
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Comments

Philip, Avinash - Nov. 29, 2012, 11:46 a.m.
The ELM hardware module can be used to speedup BCH 4/8/16 ECC scheme
error correction.
For now only 4 & 8 bit support is added

Signed-off-by: Philip, Avinash <avinashphilip@ti.com>
Cc: Grant Likely <grant.likely@secretlab.ca>
Cc: Rob Herring <rob.herring@calxeda.com>
Cc: Rob Landley <rob@landley.net>
---
Changes since v2:
	- Remove __devinit & __devexit annotations

Changes since v1:
	- Change build attribute to CONFIG_MTD_NAND_OMAP_BCH
	- Reduced indentation using by passing elm_info , offset
	  to elm_read & elm_write
	- Removed syndrome manipulation functions.

:000000 100644 0000000... b88ee83... A	Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mtd/elm.txt
:100644 100644 395733a... 369a194... M	drivers/mtd/devices/Makefile
:000000 100644 0000000... d2667f3... A	drivers/mtd/devices/elm.c
:000000 100644 0000000... d4fce31... A	include/linux/platform_data/elm.h
 Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mtd/elm.txt |   17 +
 drivers/mtd/devices/Makefile                  |    4 +-
 drivers/mtd/devices/elm.c                     |  418 +++++++++++++++++++++++++
 include/linux/platform_data/elm.h             |   54 ++++
 4 files changed, 493 insertions(+), 1 deletions(-)
Sekhar Nori - Dec. 7, 2012, 10:37 a.m.
On 11/29/2012 5:16 PM, Philip, Avinash wrote:
> The ELM hardware module can be used to speedup BCH 4/8/16 ECC scheme
> error correction.
> For now only 4 & 8 bit support is added
> 
> Signed-off-by: Philip, Avinash <avinashphilip@ti.com>
> Cc: Grant Likely <grant.likely@secretlab.ca>
> Cc: Rob Herring <rob.herring@calxeda.com>
> Cc: Rob Landley <rob@landley.net>
> ---
> Changes since v2:
> 	- Remove __devinit & __devexit annotations
> 
> Changes since v1:
> 	- Change build attribute to CONFIG_MTD_NAND_OMAP_BCH
> 	- Reduced indentation using by passing elm_info , offset
> 	  to elm_read & elm_write
> 	- Removed syndrome manipulation functions.
> 
> :000000 100644 0000000... b88ee83... A	Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mtd/elm.txt
> :100644 100644 395733a... 369a194... M	drivers/mtd/devices/Makefile
> :000000 100644 0000000... d2667f3... A	drivers/mtd/devices/elm.c
> :000000 100644 0000000... d4fce31... A	include/linux/platform_data/elm.h
>  Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mtd/elm.txt |   17 +
>  drivers/mtd/devices/Makefile                  |    4 +-
>  drivers/mtd/devices/elm.c                     |  418 +++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  include/linux/platform_data/elm.h             |   54 ++++
>  4 files changed, 493 insertions(+), 1 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mtd/elm.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mtd/elm.txt
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..b88ee83
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mtd/elm.txt
> @@ -0,0 +1,17 @@
> +Error location module
> +
> +Required properties:
> +- compatible: Must be "ti,elm"
> +- reg: physical base address and size of the registers map.
> +- interrupts: Interrupt number for the elm.
> +- interrupt-parent: The parent interrupt controller
> +
> +Optional properties:
> +- ti,hwmods: Name of the hwmod associated to the elm
> +
> +Example:
> +elm: elm@0 {
> +	compatible	= "ti,elm";
> +	reg = <0x48080000 0x2000>;
> +	interrupts = <4>;
> +};
> diff --git a/drivers/mtd/devices/Makefile b/drivers/mtd/devices/Makefile
> index 395733a..369a194 100644
> --- a/drivers/mtd/devices/Makefile
> +++ b/drivers/mtd/devices/Makefile
> @@ -17,8 +17,10 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_MTD_LART)		+= lart.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_MTD_BLOCK2MTD)	+= block2mtd.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_MTD_DATAFLASH)	+= mtd_dataflash.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_MTD_M25P80)	+= m25p80.o
> +obj-$(CONFIG_MTD_NAND_OMAP_BCH)	+= elm.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_MTD_SPEAR_SMI)	+= spear_smi.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_MTD_SST25L)	+= sst25l.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_MTD_BCM47XXSFLASH)	+= bcm47xxsflash.o
>  
> -CFLAGS_docg3.o			+= -I$(src)
> \ No newline at end of file
> +
> +CFLAGS_docg3.o			+= -I$(src)
> diff --git a/drivers/mtd/devices/elm.c b/drivers/mtd/devices/elm.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..d2667f3
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/drivers/mtd/devices/elm.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,418 @@
> +/*
> + * Error Location Module
> + *
> + * Copyright (C) 2012 Texas Instruments Incorporated - http://www.ti.com/
> + *
> + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
> + * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
> + * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
> + * (at your option) any later version.
> + *
> + * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
> + * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
> + * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
> + * GNU General Public License for more details.
> + *
> + */
> +
> +#include <linux/platform_device.h>
> +#include <linux/module.h>
> +#include <linux/interrupt.h>
> +#include <linux/io.h>
> +#include <linux/of.h>
> +#include <linux/pm_runtime.h>
> +#include <linux/platform_data/elm.h>
> +
> +#define ELM_IRQSTATUS			0x018
> +#define ELM_IRQENABLE			0x01c
> +#define ELM_LOCATION_CONFIG		0x020
> +#define ELM_PAGE_CTRL			0x080
> +#define ELM_SYNDROME_FRAGMENT_0		0x400
> +#define ELM_SYNDROME_FRAGMENT_6		0x418
> +#define ELM_LOCATION_STATUS		0x800
> +#define ELM_ERROR_LOCATION_0		0x880
> +
> +/* ELM Interrupt Status Register */
> +#define INTR_STATUS_PAGE_VALID		BIT(8)
> +
> +/* ELM Interrupt Enable Register */
> +#define INTR_EN_PAGE_MASK		BIT(8)
> +
> +/* ELM Location Configuration Register */
> +#define ECC_BCH_LEVEL_MASK		0x3
> +
> +/* ELM syndrome */
> +#define ELM_SYNDROME_VALID		BIT(16)
> +
> +/* ELM_LOCATION_STATUS Register */
> +#define ECC_CORRECTABLE_MASK		BIT(8)
> +#define ECC_NB_ERRORS_MASK		0x1f
> +
> +/* ELM_ERROR_LOCATION_0-15 Registers */
> +#define ECC_ERROR_LOCATION_MASK		0x1fff
> +
> +#define ELM_ECC_SIZE			0x7ff
> +
> +#define SYNDROME_FRAGMENT_REG_SIZE	0x40
> +#define ERROR_LOCATION_SIZE		0x100
> +
> +struct elm_info {
> +	struct device *dev;
> +	void __iomem *elm_base;
> +	struct completion elm_completion;
> +	struct list_head list;
> +	enum bch_ecc bch_type;
> +};
> +
> +static LIST_HEAD(elm_devices);
> +
> +static void elm_write_reg(struct elm_info *info, int offset, u32 val)
> +{
> +	writel(val, info->elm_base + offset);
> +}
> +
> +static u32 elm_read_reg(struct elm_info *info, int offset)
> +{
> +	return readl(info->elm_base + offset);
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * elm_config - Configure ELM module
> + * @info:	elm info
> + */
> +static void elm_config(struct elm_info *info)

This is called "config", but there is no configuration information
passed which looks odd..

> +{
> +	u32 reg_val;
> +
> +	reg_val = (info->bch_type & ECC_BCH_LEVEL_MASK) | (ELM_ECC_SIZE << 16);
> +	elm_write_reg(info, ELM_LOCATION_CONFIG, reg_val);
> +}

Is there a use case where BCH type needs to be changed after NAND has
been probed? You will have to erase any existing data written to NAND if
you change the ECC type. That sounds destructive enough to avoid such a
thing.

> +
> +/**
> + * elm_configure_page_mode - Enable/Disable page mode
> + * @info:	elm info
> + * @index:	index number of syndrome fragment vector
> + * @enable:	enable/disable flag for page mode
> + *
> + * Enable page mode for syndrome fragment index
> + */
> +static void elm_configure_page_mode(struct elm_info *info, int index,
> +		bool enable)
> +{
> +	u32 reg_val;
> +
> +	reg_val = elm_read_reg(info, ELM_PAGE_CTRL);
> +	if (enable)
> +		reg_val |= BIT(index);	/* enable page mode */
> +	else
> +		reg_val &= ~BIT(index);	/* disable page mode */
> +
> +	elm_write_reg(info, ELM_PAGE_CTRL, reg_val);
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * elm_load_syndrome - Load ELM syndrome reg
> + * @info:	elm info
> + * @err_vec:	elm error vectors
> + * @ecc:	buffer with calculated ecc
> + *
> + * Load syndrome fragment registers with calculated ecc in reverse order.
> + */
> +static void elm_load_syndrome(struct elm_info *info,
> +		struct elm_errorvec *err_vec, u8 *ecc)
> +{
> +	int i, offset;
> +	u32 val;
> +
> +	for (i = 0; i < ERROR_VECTOR_MAX; i++) {
> +
> +		/* Check error reported */
> +		if (err_vec[i].error_reported) {
> +			elm_configure_page_mode(info, i, true);
> +			offset = ELM_SYNDROME_FRAGMENT_0 +
> +				SYNDROME_FRAGMENT_REG_SIZE * i;
> +
> +			/* BCH8 */
> +			if (info->bch_type) {
> +
> +				/* syndrome fragment 0 = ecc[9-12B] */
> +				val = cpu_to_be32(*(u32 *) &ecc[9]);
> +				elm_write_reg(info, offset, val);
> +
> +				/* syndrome fragment 1 = ecc[5-8B] */
> +				offset += 4;
> +				val = cpu_to_be32(*(u32 *) &ecc[5]);
> +				elm_write_reg(info, offset, val);
> +
> +				/* syndrome fragment 2 = ecc[1-4B] */
> +				offset += 4;
> +				val = cpu_to_be32(*(u32 *) &ecc[1]);
> +				elm_write_reg(info, offset, val);
> +
> +				/* syndrome fragment 3 = ecc[0B] */
> +				offset += 4;
> +				val = ecc[0];
> +				elm_write_reg(info, offset, val);
> +			} else {
> +				/* syndrome fragment 0 = ecc[20-52b] bits */
> +				val = (cpu_to_be32(*(u32 *) &ecc[3]) >> 4) |
> +					((ecc[2] & 0xf) << 28);
> +				elm_write_reg(info, offset, val);
> +
> +				/* syndrome fragment 1 = ecc[0-20b] bits */
> +				offset += 4;
> +				val = cpu_to_be32(*(u32 *) &ecc[0]) >> 12;
> +				elm_write_reg(info, offset, val);
> +			}
> +		}
> +
> +		/* Update ecc pointer with ecc byte size */
> +		ecc += info->bch_type ? BCH8_SIZE : BCH4_SIZE;
> +	}
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * elm_start_processing - start elm syndrome processing
> + * @info:	elm info
> + * @err_vec:	elm error vectors
> + *
> + * Set syndrome valid bit for syndrome fragment registers for which
> + * elm syndrome fragment registers are loaded. This enables elm module
> + * to start processing syndrome vectors.
> + */
> +static void elm_start_processing(struct elm_info *info,
> +		struct elm_errorvec *err_vec)
> +{
> +	int i, offset;
> +	u32 reg_val;
> +
> +	/*
> +	 * Set syndrome vector valid, so that ELM module
> +	 * will process it for vectors error is reported
> +	 */
> +	for (i = 0; i < ERROR_VECTOR_MAX; i++) {
> +		if (err_vec[i].error_reported) {
> +			offset = ELM_SYNDROME_FRAGMENT_6 +
> +				SYNDROME_FRAGMENT_REG_SIZE * i;
> +			reg_val = elm_read_reg(info, offset);
> +			reg_val |= ELM_SYNDROME_VALID;
> +			elm_write_reg(info, offset, reg_val);
> +		}
> +	}
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * elm_error_correction - locate correctable error position
> + * @info:	elm info
> + * @err_vec:	elm error vectors
> + *
> + * On completion of processing by elm module, error location status
> + * register updated with correctable/uncorrectable error information.
> + * In case of correctable errors, number of errors located from
> + * elm location status register & read the positions from
> + * elm error location register.
> + */
> +static void elm_error_correction(struct elm_info *info,
> +		struct elm_errorvec *err_vec)
> +{
> +	int i, j, errors = 0;
> +	int offset;
> +	u32 reg_val;
> +
> +	for (i = 0; i < ERROR_VECTOR_MAX; i++) {
> +
> +		/* Check error reported */
> +		if (err_vec[i].error_reported) {
> +			offset = ELM_LOCATION_STATUS + ERROR_LOCATION_SIZE * i;
> +			reg_val = elm_read_reg(info, offset);
> +
> +			/* Check correctable error or not */
> +			if (reg_val & ECC_CORRECTABLE_MASK) {
> +				offset = ELM_ERROR_LOCATION_0 +
> +					ERROR_LOCATION_SIZE * i;
> +
> +				/* Read count of correctable errors */
> +				err_vec[i].error_count = reg_val &
> +					ECC_NB_ERRORS_MASK;
> +
> +				/* Update the error locations in error vector */
> +				for (j = 0; j < err_vec[i].error_count; j++) {
> +
> +					reg_val = elm_read_reg(info, offset);
> +					err_vec[i].error_loc[j] = reg_val &
> +						ECC_ERROR_LOCATION_MASK;
> +
> +					/* Update error location register */
> +					offset += 4;
> +				}
> +
> +				errors += err_vec[i].error_count;
> +			} else {
> +				err_vec[i].error_uncorrectable = true;
> +			}
> +
> +			/* Clearing interrupts for processed error vectors */
> +			elm_write_reg(info, ELM_IRQSTATUS, BIT(i));
> +
> +			/* Disable page mode */
> +			elm_configure_page_mode(info, i, false);
> +		}
> +	}
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * elm_decode_bch_error_page - Locate error position
> + * @dev:	device pointer
> + * @ecc_calc:	calculated ECC bytes from GPMC
> + * @err_vec:	elm error vectors
> + *
> + * Called with one or more error reported vectors & vectors with
> + * error reported is updated in err_vec[].error_reported
> + *
> + */
> +void elm_decode_bch_error_page(struct device *dev, u8 *ecc_calc,
> +		struct elm_errorvec *err_vec)
> +{
> +	struct elm_info *info = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
> +	u32 reg_val;
> +
> +	/* Enable page mode interrupt */
> +	reg_val = elm_read_reg(info, ELM_IRQSTATUS);
> +	elm_write_reg(info, ELM_IRQSTATUS, reg_val & INTR_STATUS_PAGE_VALID);
> +	elm_write_reg(info, ELM_IRQENABLE, INTR_EN_PAGE_MASK);
> +
> +	/* Load valid ecc byte to syndrome fragment register */
> +	elm_load_syndrome(info, err_vec, ecc_calc);
> +
> +	/* Enable syndrome processing for which syndrome fragment is updated */
> +	elm_start_processing(info, err_vec);
> +
> +	/* Wait for ELM module to finish locating error correction */
> +	wait_for_completion(&info->elm_completion);
> +
> +	/* Disable page mode interrupt */
> +	reg_val = elm_read_reg(info, ELM_IRQENABLE);
> +	elm_write_reg(info, ELM_IRQENABLE, reg_val & ~INTR_EN_PAGE_MASK);
> +	elm_error_correction(info, err_vec);
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL(elm_decode_bch_error_page);
> +
> +static irqreturn_t elm_isr(int this_irq, void *dev_id)
> +{
> +	u32 reg_val;
> +	struct elm_info *info = dev_id;
> +
> +	reg_val = elm_read_reg(info, ELM_IRQSTATUS);
> +
> +	/* All error vectors processed */
> +	if (reg_val & INTR_STATUS_PAGE_VALID) {
> +		elm_write_reg(info, ELM_IRQSTATUS,
> +				reg_val & INTR_STATUS_PAGE_VALID);
> +		complete(&info->elm_completion);
> +		return IRQ_HANDLED;
> +	}
> +
> +	return IRQ_NONE;
> +}
> +
> +struct device *elm_request(enum bch_ecc bch_type)
> +{
> +	struct elm_info *info;
> +
> +	list_for_each_entry(info, &elm_devices, list) {
> +		if (info && info->dev) {
> +				info->bch_type = bch_type;
> +				elm_config(info);
> +				return info->dev;
> +		}
> +	}

This will always return the first ELM device probed since you never
remove the allocated device from the list. I wonder why you really need
a list?

Thanks,
Sekhar
Philip, Avinash - Dec. 10, 2012, 6:43 a.m.
On Fri, Dec 07, 2012 at 16:07:23, Nori, Sekhar wrote:
> On 11/29/2012 5:16 PM, Philip, Avinash wrote:
> > The ELM hardware module can be used to speedup BCH 4/8/16 ECC scheme
> > error correction.
> > For now only 4 & 8 bit support is added
> > 
> > Signed-off-by: Philip, Avinash <avinashphilip@ti.com>
> > Cc: Grant Likely <grant.likely@secretlab.ca>
> > Cc: Rob Herring <rob.herring@calxeda.com>
> > Cc: Rob Landley <rob@landley.net>

[...]
/**
> > + * elm_config - Configure ELM module
> > + * @info:	elm info
> > + */
> > +static void elm_config(struct elm_info *info)
> 
> This is called "config", but there is no configuration information
> passed which looks odd..

The config information is bch_type, encapsulated in struct elm_info.

> 
> > +{
> > +	u32 reg_val;
> > +
> > +	reg_val = (info->bch_type & ECC_BCH_LEVEL_MASK) | (ELM_ECC_SIZE << 16);
> > +	elm_write_reg(info, ELM_LOCATION_CONFIG, reg_val);
> > +}
> 
> Is there a use case where BCH type needs to be changed after NAND has
> been probed?

No, I think kernel handles the entire NAND part with a single ecc layout.
Hence there is no run time BCH switching. But ELM driver should support BCH
4 & 8. Selection of BCH information comes from DT of NAND driver.

As NAND driver supporting BCH4 & 8 ecc scheme ELM module support
configuration of both.  Configuration of ELM module should done as part
of NAND driver probing.


> You will have to erase any existing data written to NAND if
> you change the ECC type. That sounds destructive enough to avoid such a
> thing.

There is no support for BCH switching after NAND driver probing.

[...]
> > +struct device *elm_request(enum bch_ecc bch_type)
> > +{
> > +	struct elm_info *info;
> > +
> > +	list_for_each_entry(info, &elm_devices, list) {
> > +		if (info && info->dev) {
> > +				info->bch_type = bch_type;
> > +				elm_config(info);
> > +				return info->dev;
> > +		}
> > +	}
> 
> This will always return the first ELM device probed since you never
> remove the allocated device from the list.

But now I realized that, there is no mechanism of freeing the requested
resource.

So I will add mechanism to request ELM module successfully only if ELM
module is not requested already and add mechanism to free it, on NAND
driver module unload (loadable module support). This way ELM driver
can achieve multi instance support.

> I wonder why you really need a list?

The prime motivation for the list is the driver should support multi
instances of ELM by removing global symbols.

Thanks
Avinash

> 
> Thanks,
> Sekhar
>
Grant Likely - Dec. 11, 2012, 9:03 a.m.
On Thu, 29 Nov 2012 17:16:33 +0530, "Philip, Avinash" <avinashphilip@ti.com> wrote:
> The ELM hardware module can be used to speedup BCH 4/8/16 ECC scheme
> error correction.
> For now only 4 & 8 bit support is added
> 
> Signed-off-by: Philip, Avinash <avinashphilip@ti.com>
> Cc: Grant Likely <grant.likely@secretlab.ca>
> Cc: Rob Herring <rob.herring@calxeda.com>
> Cc: Rob Landley <rob@landley.net>
> ---
> Changes since v2:
> 	- Remove __devinit & __devexit annotations
> 
> Changes since v1:
> 	- Change build attribute to CONFIG_MTD_NAND_OMAP_BCH
> 	- Reduced indentation using by passing elm_info , offset
> 	  to elm_read & elm_write
> 	- Removed syndrome manipulation functions.
> 
> :000000 100644 0000000... b88ee83... A	Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mtd/elm.txt
> :100644 100644 395733a... 369a194... M	drivers/mtd/devices/Makefile
> :000000 100644 0000000... d2667f3... A	drivers/mtd/devices/elm.c
> :000000 100644 0000000... d4fce31... A	include/linux/platform_data/elm.h
>  Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mtd/elm.txt |   17 +
>  drivers/mtd/devices/Makefile                  |    4 +-
>  drivers/mtd/devices/elm.c                     |  418 +++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  include/linux/platform_data/elm.h             |   54 ++++
>  4 files changed, 493 insertions(+), 1 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mtd/elm.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mtd/elm.txt
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..b88ee83
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mtd/elm.txt
> @@ -0,0 +1,17 @@
> +Error location module
> +
> +Required properties:
> +- compatible: Must be "ti,elm"

Compatible string is too generic. Need to specify a specific SoC here.
ie: "ti,omap3430-elm"

Otherwise the binding looks fine. I haven't reviewed the code though.

g.
Philip, Avinash - Dec. 11, 2012, 12:55 p.m.
On Tue, Dec 11, 2012 at 14:33:56, Grant Likely wrote:
> On Thu, 29 Nov 2012 17:16:33 +0530, "Philip, Avinash" <avinashphilip@ti.com> wrote:
> > The ELM hardware module can be used to speedup BCH 4/8/16 ECC scheme
> > error correction.
> > For now only 4 & 8 bit support is added
> > 
> > Signed-off-by: Philip, Avinash <avinashphilip@ti.com>
> > Cc: Grant Likely <grant.likely@secretlab.ca>
> > Cc: Rob Herring <rob.herring@calxeda.com>
> > Cc: Rob Landley <rob@landley.net>
> > ---
> > Changes since v2:
> > 	- Remove __devinit & __devexit annotations
> > 
> > Changes since v1:
> > 	- Change build attribute to CONFIG_MTD_NAND_OMAP_BCH
> > 	- Reduced indentation using by passing elm_info , offset
> > 	  to elm_read & elm_write
> > 	- Removed syndrome manipulation functions.
> > 
> > :000000 100644 0000000... b88ee83... A	Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mtd/elm.txt
> > :100644 100644 395733a... 369a194... M	drivers/mtd/devices/Makefile
> > :000000 100644 0000000... d2667f3... A	drivers/mtd/devices/elm.c
> > :000000 100644 0000000... d4fce31... A	include/linux/platform_data/elm.h
> >  Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mtd/elm.txt |   17 +
> >  drivers/mtd/devices/Makefile                  |    4 +-
> >  drivers/mtd/devices/elm.c                     |  418 +++++++++++++++++++++++++
> >  include/linux/platform_data/elm.h             |   54 ++++
> >  4 files changed, 493 insertions(+), 1 deletions(-)
> > 
> > diff --git a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mtd/elm.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mtd/elm.txt
> > new file mode 100644
> > index 0000000..b88ee83
> > --- /dev/null
> > +++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mtd/elm.txt
> > @@ -0,0 +1,17 @@
> > +Error location module
> > +
> > +Required properties:
> > +- compatible: Must be "ti,elm"
> 
> Compatible string is too generic. Need to specify a specific SoC here.
> ie: "ti,omap3430-elm"

I will change to "ti,am33xx-elm" in next version.

Thanks
Avinash


> 
> Otherwise the binding looks fine. I haven't reviewed the code though.
> 
> g.
> 
>
Sekhar Nori - Dec. 12, 2012, 11:15 a.m.
On 12/10/2012 12:13 PM, Philip, Avinash wrote:
> On Fri, Dec 07, 2012 at 16:07:23, Nori, Sekhar wrote:
>> On 11/29/2012 5:16 PM, Philip, Avinash wrote:

[...]

>>> +struct device *elm_request(enum bch_ecc bch_type)
>>> +{
>>> +	struct elm_info *info;
>>> +
>>> +	list_for_each_entry(info, &elm_devices, list) {
>>> +		if (info && info->dev) {
>>> +				info->bch_type = bch_type;
>>> +				elm_config(info);
>>> +				return info->dev;
>>> +		}
>>> +	}
>>
>> This will always return the first ELM device probed since you never
>> remove the allocated device from the list.
> 
> But now I realized that, there is no mechanism of freeing the requested
> resource.

Right. You essentially want to assign an ELM instance to work with a
given instance of GPMC and that could be done statically too. Just pass
phandle of ELM node in GPMC DT data?

> So I will add mechanism to request ELM module successfully only if ELM
> module is not requested already and add mechanism to free it, on NAND
> driver module unload (loadable module support). This way ELM driver
> can achieve multi instance support.
> 
>> I wonder why you really need a list?
> 
> The prime motivation for the list is the driver should support multi
> instances of ELM by removing global symbols.

I still think a request/free API is bit too much for something that will
turn out to be a simple 1-to-1 match anyway. Can you please look at the
phandle suggestion above? I am no DT expert, but I think that will work
for your use case.

Thanks,
Sekhar

Patch

diff --git a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mtd/elm.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mtd/elm.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..b88ee83
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mtd/elm.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,17 @@ 
+Error location module
+
+Required properties:
+- compatible: Must be "ti,elm"
+- reg: physical base address and size of the registers map.
+- interrupts: Interrupt number for the elm.
+- interrupt-parent: The parent interrupt controller
+
+Optional properties:
+- ti,hwmods: Name of the hwmod associated to the elm
+
+Example:
+elm: elm@0 {
+	compatible	= "ti,elm";
+	reg = <0x48080000 0x2000>;
+	interrupts = <4>;
+};
diff --git a/drivers/mtd/devices/Makefile b/drivers/mtd/devices/Makefile
index 395733a..369a194 100644
--- a/drivers/mtd/devices/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/mtd/devices/Makefile
@@ -17,8 +17,10 @@  obj-$(CONFIG_MTD_LART)		+= lart.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_MTD_BLOCK2MTD)	+= block2mtd.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_MTD_DATAFLASH)	+= mtd_dataflash.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_MTD_M25P80)	+= m25p80.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_MTD_NAND_OMAP_BCH)	+= elm.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_MTD_SPEAR_SMI)	+= spear_smi.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_MTD_SST25L)	+= sst25l.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_MTD_BCM47XXSFLASH)	+= bcm47xxsflash.o
 
-CFLAGS_docg3.o			+= -I$(src)
\ No newline at end of file
+
+CFLAGS_docg3.o			+= -I$(src)
diff --git a/drivers/mtd/devices/elm.c b/drivers/mtd/devices/elm.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..d2667f3
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/mtd/devices/elm.c
@@ -0,0 +1,418 @@ 
+/*
+ * Error Location Module
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2012 Texas Instruments Incorporated - http://www.ti.com/
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+ * (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ */
+
+#include <linux/platform_device.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/interrupt.h>
+#include <linux/io.h>
+#include <linux/of.h>
+#include <linux/pm_runtime.h>
+#include <linux/platform_data/elm.h>
+
+#define ELM_IRQSTATUS			0x018
+#define ELM_IRQENABLE			0x01c
+#define ELM_LOCATION_CONFIG		0x020
+#define ELM_PAGE_CTRL			0x080
+#define ELM_SYNDROME_FRAGMENT_0		0x400
+#define ELM_SYNDROME_FRAGMENT_6		0x418
+#define ELM_LOCATION_STATUS		0x800
+#define ELM_ERROR_LOCATION_0		0x880
+
+/* ELM Interrupt Status Register */
+#define INTR_STATUS_PAGE_VALID		BIT(8)
+
+/* ELM Interrupt Enable Register */
+#define INTR_EN_PAGE_MASK		BIT(8)
+
+/* ELM Location Configuration Register */
+#define ECC_BCH_LEVEL_MASK		0x3
+
+/* ELM syndrome */
+#define ELM_SYNDROME_VALID		BIT(16)
+
+/* ELM_LOCATION_STATUS Register */
+#define ECC_CORRECTABLE_MASK		BIT(8)
+#define ECC_NB_ERRORS_MASK		0x1f
+
+/* ELM_ERROR_LOCATION_0-15 Registers */
+#define ECC_ERROR_LOCATION_MASK		0x1fff
+
+#define ELM_ECC_SIZE			0x7ff
+
+#define SYNDROME_FRAGMENT_REG_SIZE	0x40
+#define ERROR_LOCATION_SIZE		0x100
+
+struct elm_info {
+	struct device *dev;
+	void __iomem *elm_base;
+	struct completion elm_completion;
+	struct list_head list;
+	enum bch_ecc bch_type;
+};
+
+static LIST_HEAD(elm_devices);
+
+static void elm_write_reg(struct elm_info *info, int offset, u32 val)
+{
+	writel(val, info->elm_base + offset);
+}
+
+static u32 elm_read_reg(struct elm_info *info, int offset)
+{
+	return readl(info->elm_base + offset);
+}
+
+/**
+ * elm_config - Configure ELM module
+ * @info:	elm info
+ */
+static void elm_config(struct elm_info *info)
+{
+	u32 reg_val;
+
+	reg_val = (info->bch_type & ECC_BCH_LEVEL_MASK) | (ELM_ECC_SIZE << 16);
+	elm_write_reg(info, ELM_LOCATION_CONFIG, reg_val);
+}
+
+/**
+ * elm_configure_page_mode - Enable/Disable page mode
+ * @info:	elm info
+ * @index:	index number of syndrome fragment vector
+ * @enable:	enable/disable flag for page mode
+ *
+ * Enable page mode for syndrome fragment index
+ */
+static void elm_configure_page_mode(struct elm_info *info, int index,
+		bool enable)
+{
+	u32 reg_val;
+
+	reg_val = elm_read_reg(info, ELM_PAGE_CTRL);
+	if (enable)
+		reg_val |= BIT(index);	/* enable page mode */
+	else
+		reg_val &= ~BIT(index);	/* disable page mode */
+
+	elm_write_reg(info, ELM_PAGE_CTRL, reg_val);
+}
+
+/**
+ * elm_load_syndrome - Load ELM syndrome reg
+ * @info:	elm info
+ * @err_vec:	elm error vectors
+ * @ecc:	buffer with calculated ecc
+ *
+ * Load syndrome fragment registers with calculated ecc in reverse order.
+ */
+static void elm_load_syndrome(struct elm_info *info,
+		struct elm_errorvec *err_vec, u8 *ecc)
+{
+	int i, offset;
+	u32 val;
+
+	for (i = 0; i < ERROR_VECTOR_MAX; i++) {
+
+		/* Check error reported */
+		if (err_vec[i].error_reported) {
+			elm_configure_page_mode(info, i, true);
+			offset = ELM_SYNDROME_FRAGMENT_0 +
+				SYNDROME_FRAGMENT_REG_SIZE * i;
+
+			/* BCH8 */
+			if (info->bch_type) {
+
+				/* syndrome fragment 0 = ecc[9-12B] */
+				val = cpu_to_be32(*(u32 *) &ecc[9]);
+				elm_write_reg(info, offset, val);
+
+				/* syndrome fragment 1 = ecc[5-8B] */
+				offset += 4;
+				val = cpu_to_be32(*(u32 *) &ecc[5]);
+				elm_write_reg(info, offset, val);
+
+				/* syndrome fragment 2 = ecc[1-4B] */
+				offset += 4;
+				val = cpu_to_be32(*(u32 *) &ecc[1]);
+				elm_write_reg(info, offset, val);
+
+				/* syndrome fragment 3 = ecc[0B] */
+				offset += 4;
+				val = ecc[0];
+				elm_write_reg(info, offset, val);
+			} else {
+				/* syndrome fragment 0 = ecc[20-52b] bits */
+				val = (cpu_to_be32(*(u32 *) &ecc[3]) >> 4) |
+					((ecc[2] & 0xf) << 28);
+				elm_write_reg(info, offset, val);
+
+				/* syndrome fragment 1 = ecc[0-20b] bits */
+				offset += 4;
+				val = cpu_to_be32(*(u32 *) &ecc[0]) >> 12;
+				elm_write_reg(info, offset, val);
+			}
+		}
+
+		/* Update ecc pointer with ecc byte size */
+		ecc += info->bch_type ? BCH8_SIZE : BCH4_SIZE;
+	}
+}
+
+/**
+ * elm_start_processing - start elm syndrome processing
+ * @info:	elm info
+ * @err_vec:	elm error vectors
+ *
+ * Set syndrome valid bit for syndrome fragment registers for which
+ * elm syndrome fragment registers are loaded. This enables elm module
+ * to start processing syndrome vectors.
+ */
+static void elm_start_processing(struct elm_info *info,
+		struct elm_errorvec *err_vec)
+{
+	int i, offset;
+	u32 reg_val;
+
+	/*
+	 * Set syndrome vector valid, so that ELM module
+	 * will process it for vectors error is reported
+	 */
+	for (i = 0; i < ERROR_VECTOR_MAX; i++) {
+		if (err_vec[i].error_reported) {
+			offset = ELM_SYNDROME_FRAGMENT_6 +
+				SYNDROME_FRAGMENT_REG_SIZE * i;
+			reg_val = elm_read_reg(info, offset);
+			reg_val |= ELM_SYNDROME_VALID;
+			elm_write_reg(info, offset, reg_val);
+		}
+	}
+}
+
+/**
+ * elm_error_correction - locate correctable error position
+ * @info:	elm info
+ * @err_vec:	elm error vectors
+ *
+ * On completion of processing by elm module, error location status
+ * register updated with correctable/uncorrectable error information.
+ * In case of correctable errors, number of errors located from
+ * elm location status register & read the positions from
+ * elm error location register.
+ */
+static void elm_error_correction(struct elm_info *info,
+		struct elm_errorvec *err_vec)
+{
+	int i, j, errors = 0;
+	int offset;
+	u32 reg_val;
+
+	for (i = 0; i < ERROR_VECTOR_MAX; i++) {
+
+		/* Check error reported */
+		if (err_vec[i].error_reported) {
+			offset = ELM_LOCATION_STATUS + ERROR_LOCATION_SIZE * i;
+			reg_val = elm_read_reg(info, offset);
+
+			/* Check correctable error or not */
+			if (reg_val & ECC_CORRECTABLE_MASK) {
+				offset = ELM_ERROR_LOCATION_0 +
+					ERROR_LOCATION_SIZE * i;
+
+				/* Read count of correctable errors */
+				err_vec[i].error_count = reg_val &
+					ECC_NB_ERRORS_MASK;
+
+				/* Update the error locations in error vector */
+				for (j = 0; j < err_vec[i].error_count; j++) {
+
+					reg_val = elm_read_reg(info, offset);
+					err_vec[i].error_loc[j] = reg_val &
+						ECC_ERROR_LOCATION_MASK;
+
+					/* Update error location register */
+					offset += 4;
+				}
+
+				errors += err_vec[i].error_count;
+			} else {
+				err_vec[i].error_uncorrectable = true;
+			}
+
+			/* Clearing interrupts for processed error vectors */
+			elm_write_reg(info, ELM_IRQSTATUS, BIT(i));
+
+			/* Disable page mode */
+			elm_configure_page_mode(info, i, false);
+		}
+	}
+}
+
+/**
+ * elm_decode_bch_error_page - Locate error position
+ * @dev:	device pointer
+ * @ecc_calc:	calculated ECC bytes from GPMC
+ * @err_vec:	elm error vectors
+ *
+ * Called with one or more error reported vectors & vectors with
+ * error reported is updated in err_vec[].error_reported
+ *
+ */
+void elm_decode_bch_error_page(struct device *dev, u8 *ecc_calc,
+		struct elm_errorvec *err_vec)
+{
+	struct elm_info *info = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
+	u32 reg_val;
+
+	/* Enable page mode interrupt */
+	reg_val = elm_read_reg(info, ELM_IRQSTATUS);
+	elm_write_reg(info, ELM_IRQSTATUS, reg_val & INTR_STATUS_PAGE_VALID);
+	elm_write_reg(info, ELM_IRQENABLE, INTR_EN_PAGE_MASK);
+
+	/* Load valid ecc byte to syndrome fragment register */
+	elm_load_syndrome(info, err_vec, ecc_calc);
+
+	/* Enable syndrome processing for which syndrome fragment is updated */
+	elm_start_processing(info, err_vec);
+
+	/* Wait for ELM module to finish locating error correction */
+	wait_for_completion(&info->elm_completion);
+
+	/* Disable page mode interrupt */
+	reg_val = elm_read_reg(info, ELM_IRQENABLE);
+	elm_write_reg(info, ELM_IRQENABLE, reg_val & ~INTR_EN_PAGE_MASK);
+	elm_error_correction(info, err_vec);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(elm_decode_bch_error_page);
+
+static irqreturn_t elm_isr(int this_irq, void *dev_id)
+{
+	u32 reg_val;
+	struct elm_info *info = dev_id;
+
+	reg_val = elm_read_reg(info, ELM_IRQSTATUS);
+
+	/* All error vectors processed */
+	if (reg_val & INTR_STATUS_PAGE_VALID) {
+		elm_write_reg(info, ELM_IRQSTATUS,
+				reg_val & INTR_STATUS_PAGE_VALID);
+		complete(&info->elm_completion);
+		return IRQ_HANDLED;
+	}
+
+	return IRQ_NONE;
+}
+
+struct device *elm_request(enum bch_ecc bch_type)
+{
+	struct elm_info *info;
+
+	list_for_each_entry(info, &elm_devices, list) {
+		if (info && info->dev) {
+				info->bch_type = bch_type;
+				elm_config(info);
+				return info->dev;
+		}
+	}
+
+	return NULL;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(elm_request);
+
+static int elm_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
+{
+	int ret = 0;
+	struct resource *res, *irq;
+	struct elm_info *info;
+
+	info = devm_kzalloc(&pdev->dev, sizeof(*info), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!info) {
+		dev_err(&pdev->dev, "failed to allocate memory\n");
+		return -ENOMEM;
+	}
+
+	info->dev = &pdev->dev;
+
+	irq = platform_get_resource(pdev, IORESOURCE_IRQ, 0);
+	if (!irq) {
+		dev_err(&pdev->dev, "no irq resource defined\n");
+		return -ENODEV;
+	}
+
+	res = platform_get_resource(pdev, IORESOURCE_MEM, 0);
+	if (!res) {
+		dev_err(&pdev->dev, "no memory resource defined\n");
+		return -ENODEV;
+	}
+
+	info->elm_base = devm_request_and_ioremap(&pdev->dev, res);
+	if (!info->elm_base)
+		return -EADDRNOTAVAIL;
+
+	ret = devm_request_irq(&pdev->dev, irq->start, elm_isr, 0,
+			pdev->name, info);
+	if (ret) {
+		dev_err(&pdev->dev, "failure requesting irq %i\n", irq->start);
+		return ret;
+	}
+
+	pm_runtime_enable(&pdev->dev);
+	if (pm_runtime_get_sync(&pdev->dev)) {
+		ret = -EINVAL;
+		pm_runtime_disable(&pdev->dev);
+		dev_err(&pdev->dev, "can't enable clock\n");
+		return ret;
+	}
+
+	init_completion(&info->elm_completion);
+	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&info->list);
+	list_add(&info->list, &elm_devices);
+	platform_set_drvdata(pdev, info);
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static int elm_remove(struct platform_device *pdev)
+{
+	pm_runtime_put_sync(&pdev->dev);
+	pm_runtime_disable(&pdev->dev);
+	platform_set_drvdata(pdev, NULL);
+	return 0;
+}
+
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_OF
+static const struct of_device_id elm_of_match[] = {
+	{ .compatible = "ti,elm" },
+	{},
+};
+MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(of, elm_of_match);
+#endif
+
+static struct platform_driver elm_driver = {
+	.driver	= {
+		.name	= "elm",
+		.owner	= THIS_MODULE,
+		.of_match_table = of_match_ptr(elm_of_match),
+	},
+	.probe	= elm_probe,
+	.remove	= elm_remove,
+};
+
+module_platform_driver(elm_driver);
+
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION("ELM driver for BCH error correction");
+MODULE_AUTHOR("Texas Instruments");
+MODULE_ALIAS("platform: elm");
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
diff --git a/include/linux/platform_data/elm.h b/include/linux/platform_data/elm.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..d4fce31
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/linux/platform_data/elm.h
@@ -0,0 +1,54 @@ 
+/*
+ * BCH Error Location Module
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2012 Texas Instruments Incorporated - http://www.ti.com/
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+ * (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ */
+
+#ifndef __ELM_H
+#define __ELM_H
+
+enum bch_ecc {
+	BCH4_ECC = 0,
+	BCH8_ECC,
+};
+
+/* ELM support 8 error syndrome process */
+#define ERROR_VECTOR_MAX		8
+
+#define BCH8_ECC_OOB_BYTES		13
+#define BCH4_ECC_OOB_BYTES		7
+/* RBL requires 14 byte even though BCH8 uses only 13 byte */
+#define BCH8_SIZE			(BCH8_ECC_OOB_BYTES + 1)
+#define BCH4_SIZE			(BCH4_ECC_OOB_BYTES)
+
+/**
+ * struct elm_errorvec - error vector for elm
+ * @error_reported:		set true for vectors error is reported
+ *
+ * @error_count:		number of correctable errors in the sector
+ * @error_uncorrectable:	number of uncorrectable errors
+ * @error_loc:			buffer for error location
+ *
+ */
+struct elm_errorvec {
+	bool error_reported;
+	bool error_uncorrectable;
+	int error_count;
+	int error_loc[ERROR_VECTOR_MAX];
+};
+
+void elm_decode_bch_error_page(struct device *dev, u8 *ecc_calc,
+		struct elm_errorvec *err_vec);
+struct device *elm_request(enum bch_ecc bch_type);
+#endif /* __ELM_H */