Patchwork [2/2] vfio powerpc: enabled on powernv platform

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Submitter Alexey Kardashevskiy
Date Nov. 23, 2012, 9:03 a.m.
Message ID <1353661396-14374-3-git-send-email-aik@ozlabs.ru>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/201270/
State Superseded
Headers show

Comments

Alexey Kardashevskiy - Nov. 23, 2012, 9:03 a.m.
This patch initializes IOMMU groups based on the IOMMU
configuration discovered during the PCI scan on POWERNV
(POWER non virtualized) platform. The IOMMU groups are
to be used later by VFIO driver (PCI pass through).

It also implements an API for mapping/unmapping pages for
guest PCI drivers and providing DMA window properties.
This API is going to be used later by QEMU-VFIO to handle
h_put_tce hypercalls from the KVM guest.

Although this driver has been tested only on the POWERNV
platform, it should work on any platform which supports
TCE tables.

To enable VFIO on POWER, enable SPAPR_TCE_IOMMU config
option and configure VFIO as required.

Cc: David Gibson <david@gibson.dropbear.id.au>
Signed-off-by: Alexey Kardashevskiy <aik@ozlabs.ru>
---
 arch/powerpc/include/asm/iommu.h     |    6 ++
 arch/powerpc/kernel/iommu.c          |  141 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/pci.c |  135 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 drivers/iommu/Kconfig                |    8 ++
 4 files changed, 290 insertions(+)
Alex Williamson - Nov. 27, 2012, 4:41 a.m.
On Fri, 2012-11-23 at 20:03 +1100, Alexey Kardashevskiy wrote:
> This patch initializes IOMMU groups based on the IOMMU
> configuration discovered during the PCI scan on POWERNV
> (POWER non virtualized) platform. The IOMMU groups are
> to be used later by VFIO driver (PCI pass through).
> 
> It also implements an API for mapping/unmapping pages for
> guest PCI drivers and providing DMA window properties.
> This API is going to be used later by QEMU-VFIO to handle
> h_put_tce hypercalls from the KVM guest.
> 
> Although this driver has been tested only on the POWERNV
> platform, it should work on any platform which supports
> TCE tables.
> 
> To enable VFIO on POWER, enable SPAPR_TCE_IOMMU config
> option and configure VFIO as required.
> 
> Cc: David Gibson <david@gibson.dropbear.id.au>
> Signed-off-by: Alexey Kardashevskiy <aik@ozlabs.ru>
> ---
>  arch/powerpc/include/asm/iommu.h     |    6 ++
>  arch/powerpc/kernel/iommu.c          |  141 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/pci.c |  135 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  drivers/iommu/Kconfig                |    8 ++
>  4 files changed, 290 insertions(+)
> 
> diff --git a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/iommu.h b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/iommu.h
> index cbfe678..5ba66cb 100644
> --- a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/iommu.h
> +++ b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/iommu.h
> @@ -76,6 +76,9 @@ struct iommu_table {
>  	struct iommu_pool large_pool;
>  	struct iommu_pool pools[IOMMU_NR_POOLS];
>  	unsigned long *it_map;       /* A simple allocation bitmap for now */
> +#ifdef CONFIG_IOMMU_API
> +	struct iommu_group *it_group;
> +#endif
>  };
>  
>  struct scatterlist;
> @@ -147,5 +150,8 @@ static inline void iommu_restore(void)
>  }
>  #endif
>  
> +extern long iommu_put_tces(struct iommu_table *tbl, unsigned long entry, uint64_t tce,
> +		enum dma_data_direction direction, unsigned long pages);
> +
>  #endif /* __KERNEL__ */
>  #endif /* _ASM_IOMMU_H */
> diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kernel/iommu.c b/arch/powerpc/kernel/iommu.c
> index ff5a6ce..c8dad1f 100644
> --- a/arch/powerpc/kernel/iommu.c
> +++ b/arch/powerpc/kernel/iommu.c
> @@ -44,6 +44,7 @@
>  #include <asm/kdump.h>
>  #include <asm/fadump.h>
>  #include <asm/vio.h>
> +#include <asm/tce.h>
>  
>  #define DBG(...)
>  
> @@ -856,3 +857,143 @@ void iommu_free_coherent(struct iommu_table *tbl, size_t size,
>  		free_pages((unsigned long)vaddr, get_order(size));
>  	}
>  }
> +
> +#ifdef CONFIG_IOMMU_API
> +/*
> + * SPAPR TCE API
> + */
> +static struct page *free_tce(struct iommu_table *tbl, unsigned long entry)
> +{
> +	struct page *page;
> +	unsigned long oldtce;
> +
> +	oldtce = ppc_md.tce_get(tbl, entry);
> +
> +	if (!(oldtce & (TCE_PCI_WRITE | TCE_PCI_READ)))
> +		return NULL;
> +
> +	page = pfn_to_page(oldtce >> PAGE_SHIFT);
> +
> +	WARN_ON(!page);
> +	if (page && (oldtce & TCE_PCI_WRITE))
> +		SetPageDirty(page);
> +	ppc_md.tce_free(tbl, entry, 1);
> +
> +	return page;
> +}
> +
> +static int put_tce(struct iommu_table *tbl, unsigned long entry,
> +		uint64_t tce, enum dma_data_direction direction)
> +{
> +	int ret;
> +	struct page *page = NULL;
> +	unsigned long kva, offset;
> +
> +	/* Map new TCE */
> +	offset = (tce & IOMMU_PAGE_MASK) - (tce & PAGE_MASK);
> +	ret = get_user_pages_fast(tce & PAGE_MASK, 1,
> +			direction != DMA_TO_DEVICE, &page);

We're locking memory here on behalf of the user, but I don't see where
rlimit gets checked to verify the user has privileges to lock the pages.
I know you're locking a much smaller set of memory than x86 does, but
are we just foregoing that added security?

> +	if (ret < 1) {
> +		printk(KERN_ERR "tce_vfio: get_user_pages_fast failed tce=%llx ioba=%lx ret=%d\n",
> +				tce, entry << IOMMU_PAGE_SHIFT, ret);
> +		if (!ret)
> +			ret = -EFAULT;
> +		return ret;
> +	}
> +
> +	kva = (unsigned long) page_address(page);
> +	kva += offset;
> +
> +	/* tce_build receives a virtual address */
> +	entry += tbl->it_offset; /* Offset into real TCE table */
> +	ret = ppc_md.tce_build(tbl, entry, 1, kva, direction, NULL);
> +
> +	/* tce_build() only returns non-zero for transient errors */
> +	if (unlikely(ret)) {
> +		printk(KERN_ERR "tce_vfio: tce_put failed on tce=%llx ioba=%lx kva=%lx ret=%d\n",
> +				tce, entry << IOMMU_PAGE_SHIFT, kva, ret);
> +		put_page(page);
> +		return -EIO;
> +	}
> +
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static void tce_flush(struct iommu_table *tbl)
> +{
> +	/* Flush/invalidate TLB caches if necessary */
> +	if (ppc_md.tce_flush)
> +		ppc_md.tce_flush(tbl);
> +
> +	/* Make sure updates are seen by hardware */
> +	mb();
> +}
> +
> +long iommu_put_tces(struct iommu_table *tbl, unsigned long entry, uint64_t tce,
> +		enum dma_data_direction direction, unsigned long pages)
> +{
> +	int i, ret = 0, pages_to_put = 0;
> +	struct page *page;
> +	struct iommu_pool *pool = get_pool(tbl, entry);
> +	struct page **oldpages;
> +	const int oldpagesnum = PAGE_SIZE/sizeof(*oldpages);
> +
> +	BUILD_BUG_ON(PAGE_SIZE < IOMMU_PAGE_SIZE);
> +
> +	/* Handle a single page request without allocation
> +	   of pages-to-release array */

nit, this comment style doesn't seem to match anything existing in this
file.  I'd also be tempted to use pr_err/warn in this file, but I'll
leave that for the maintainers.  Thanks,

Alex

> +	if (pages == 1) {
> +		spin_lock(&(pool->lock));
> +		page = free_tce(tbl, entry);
> +
> +		if (direction != DMA_NONE)
> +			ret = put_tce(tbl, entry, tce, direction);
> +
> +		tce_flush(tbl);
> +
> +		if (page)
> +			put_page(page);
> +
> +		spin_unlock(&(pool->lock));
> +		return ret;
> +	}
> +
> +	/* Releasing multiple pages */
> +	/* Allocate an array for pages to be released after TCE table
> +	   is updated */
> +	oldpages = kmalloc(PAGE_SIZE, GFP_KERNEL);
> +	if (!oldpages)
> +		return -ENOMEM;
> +
> +	spin_lock(&(pool->lock));
> +
> +	for (i = 0; (i < pages) && !ret; ++i, ++entry, tce += IOMMU_PAGE_SIZE) {
> +		page = free_tce(tbl, entry);
> +		if (page) {
> +			oldpages[pages_to_put] = page;
> +			++pages_to_put;
> +		}
> +
> +		if (direction != DMA_NONE)
> +			ret = put_tce(tbl, entry, tce, direction);
> +
> +		/* Release old pages if we reached the end of oldpages[] or
> +		   it is the last page or we are about to exit the loop */
> +		if ((pages_to_put == oldpagesnum) || (i == pages - 1) || ret) {
> +			tce_flush(tbl);
> +
> +			/* Release pages after removing them from TCE table */
> +			while (pages_to_put) {
> +				--pages_to_put;
> +				put_page(oldpages[pages_to_put]);
> +			}
> +		}
> +	}
> +
> +	spin_unlock(&(pool->lock));
> +	kfree(oldpages);
> +
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(iommu_put_tces);
> +#endif /* CONFIG_IOMMU_API */
> diff --git a/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/pci.c b/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/pci.c
> index 05205cf..660dcc6 100644
> --- a/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/pci.c
> +++ b/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/pci.c
> @@ -20,6 +20,7 @@
>  #include <linux/irq.h>
>  #include <linux/io.h>
>  #include <linux/msi.h>
> +#include <linux/iommu.h>
>  
>  #include <asm/sections.h>
>  #include <asm/io.h>
> @@ -613,3 +614,137 @@ void __init pnv_pci_init(void)
>  	ppc_md.teardown_msi_irqs = pnv_teardown_msi_irqs;
>  #endif
>  }
> +
> +#ifdef CONFIG_IOMMU_API
> +/*
> + * IOMMU groups support required by VFIO
> + */
> +static int add_device(struct device *dev)
> +{
> +	struct iommu_table *tbl;
> +	int ret = 0;
> +
> +	if (WARN_ON(dev->iommu_group)) {
> +		printk(KERN_WARNING "tce_vfio: device %s is already in iommu group %d, skipping\n",
> +				dev_name(dev),
> +				iommu_group_id(dev->iommu_group));
> +		return -EBUSY;
> +	}
> +
> +	tbl = get_iommu_table_base(dev);
> +	if (!tbl) {
> +		pr_debug("tce_vfio: skipping device %s with no tbl\n",
> +				dev_name(dev));
> +		return 0;
> +	}
> +
> +	pr_debug("tce_vfio: adding %s to iommu group %d\n",
> +			dev_name(dev), iommu_group_id(tbl->it_group));
> +
> +	ret = iommu_group_add_device(tbl->it_group, dev);
> +	if (ret < 0)
> +		printk(KERN_ERR "tce_vfio: %s has not been added, ret=%d\n",
> +				dev_name(dev), ret);
> +
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static void del_device(struct device *dev)
> +{
> +	iommu_group_remove_device(dev);
> +}
> +
> +static int iommu_bus_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb,
> +			      unsigned long action, void *data)
> +{
> +	struct device *dev = data;
> +
> +	switch (action) {
> +	case BUS_NOTIFY_ADD_DEVICE:
> +		return add_device(dev);
> +	case BUS_NOTIFY_DEL_DEVICE:
> +		del_device(dev);
> +		return 0;
> +	default:
> +		return 0;
> +	}
> +}
> +
> +static struct notifier_block tce_iommu_bus_nb = {
> +	.notifier_call = iommu_bus_notifier,
> +};
> +
> +static void group_release(void *iommu_data)
> +{
> +	struct iommu_table *tbl = iommu_data;
> +	tbl->it_group = NULL;
> +}
> +
> +static int __init tce_iommu_init(void)
> +{
> +	struct pci_dev *pdev = NULL;
> +	struct iommu_table *tbl;
> +	struct iommu_group *grp;
> +
> +	bus_register_notifier(&pci_bus_type, &tce_iommu_bus_nb);
> +
> +	/* Allocate and initialize IOMMU groups */
> +	for_each_pci_dev(pdev) {
> +		tbl = get_iommu_table_base(&pdev->dev);
> +		if (!tbl)
> +			continue;
> +
> +		/* Skip already initialized */
> +		if (tbl->it_group)
> +			continue;
> +
> +		grp = iommu_group_alloc();
> +		if (IS_ERR(grp)) {
> +			printk(KERN_INFO "tce_vfio: cannot create "
> +					"new IOMMU group, ret=%ld\n",
> +					PTR_ERR(grp));
> +			return PTR_ERR(grp);
> +		}
> +		tbl->it_group = grp;
> +		iommu_group_set_iommudata(grp, tbl, group_release);
> +	}
> +
> +	/* Add PCI devices to VFIO groups */
> +	for_each_pci_dev(pdev)
> +		add_device(&pdev->dev);
> +
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static void __exit tce_iommu_cleanup(void)
> +{
> +	struct pci_dev *pdev = NULL;
> +	struct iommu_table *tbl;
> +	struct iommu_group *grp = NULL;
> +
> +	bus_unregister_notifier(&pci_bus_type, &tce_iommu_bus_nb);
> +
> +	/* Delete PCI devices from VFIO groups */
> +	for_each_pci_dev(pdev)
> +		del_device(&pdev->dev);
> +
> +	/* Release VFIO groups */
> +	for_each_pci_dev(pdev) {
> +		tbl = get_iommu_table_base(&pdev->dev);
> +		if (!tbl)
> +			continue;
> +		grp = tbl->it_group;
> +
> +		/* Skip (already) uninitialized */
> +		if (!grp)
> +			continue;
> +
> +		/* Do actual release, group_release() is expected to work */
> +		iommu_group_put(grp);
> +		BUG_ON(tbl->it_group);
> +	}
> +}
> +
> +module_init(tce_iommu_init);
> +module_exit(tce_iommu_cleanup);
> +#endif /* CONFIG_IOMMU_API */
> diff --git a/drivers/iommu/Kconfig b/drivers/iommu/Kconfig
> index 9f69b56..29d11dc 100644
> --- a/drivers/iommu/Kconfig
> +++ b/drivers/iommu/Kconfig
> @@ -187,4 +187,12 @@ config EXYNOS_IOMMU_DEBUG
>  
>  	  Say N unless you need kernel log message for IOMMU debugging
>  
> +config SPAPR_TCE_IOMMU
> +	bool "sPAPR TCE IOMMU Support"
> +	depends on PPC_POWERNV
> +	select IOMMU_API
> +	help
> +	  Enables bits of IOMMU API required by VFIO. The iommu_ops is
> +	  still not implemented.
> +
>  endif # IOMMU_SUPPORT

Patch

diff --git a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/iommu.h b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/iommu.h
index cbfe678..5ba66cb 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/iommu.h
+++ b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/iommu.h
@@ -76,6 +76,9 @@  struct iommu_table {
 	struct iommu_pool large_pool;
 	struct iommu_pool pools[IOMMU_NR_POOLS];
 	unsigned long *it_map;       /* A simple allocation bitmap for now */
+#ifdef CONFIG_IOMMU_API
+	struct iommu_group *it_group;
+#endif
 };
 
 struct scatterlist;
@@ -147,5 +150,8 @@  static inline void iommu_restore(void)
 }
 #endif
 
+extern long iommu_put_tces(struct iommu_table *tbl, unsigned long entry, uint64_t tce,
+		enum dma_data_direction direction, unsigned long pages);
+
 #endif /* __KERNEL__ */
 #endif /* _ASM_IOMMU_H */
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kernel/iommu.c b/arch/powerpc/kernel/iommu.c
index ff5a6ce..c8dad1f 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/kernel/iommu.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/kernel/iommu.c
@@ -44,6 +44,7 @@ 
 #include <asm/kdump.h>
 #include <asm/fadump.h>
 #include <asm/vio.h>
+#include <asm/tce.h>
 
 #define DBG(...)
 
@@ -856,3 +857,143 @@  void iommu_free_coherent(struct iommu_table *tbl, size_t size,
 		free_pages((unsigned long)vaddr, get_order(size));
 	}
 }
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_IOMMU_API
+/*
+ * SPAPR TCE API
+ */
+static struct page *free_tce(struct iommu_table *tbl, unsigned long entry)
+{
+	struct page *page;
+	unsigned long oldtce;
+
+	oldtce = ppc_md.tce_get(tbl, entry);
+
+	if (!(oldtce & (TCE_PCI_WRITE | TCE_PCI_READ)))
+		return NULL;
+
+	page = pfn_to_page(oldtce >> PAGE_SHIFT);
+
+	WARN_ON(!page);
+	if (page && (oldtce & TCE_PCI_WRITE))
+		SetPageDirty(page);
+	ppc_md.tce_free(tbl, entry, 1);
+
+	return page;
+}
+
+static int put_tce(struct iommu_table *tbl, unsigned long entry,
+		uint64_t tce, enum dma_data_direction direction)
+{
+	int ret;
+	struct page *page = NULL;
+	unsigned long kva, offset;
+
+	/* Map new TCE */
+	offset = (tce & IOMMU_PAGE_MASK) - (tce & PAGE_MASK);
+	ret = get_user_pages_fast(tce & PAGE_MASK, 1,
+			direction != DMA_TO_DEVICE, &page);
+	if (ret < 1) {
+		printk(KERN_ERR "tce_vfio: get_user_pages_fast failed tce=%llx ioba=%lx ret=%d\n",
+				tce, entry << IOMMU_PAGE_SHIFT, ret);
+		if (!ret)
+			ret = -EFAULT;
+		return ret;
+	}
+
+	kva = (unsigned long) page_address(page);
+	kva += offset;
+
+	/* tce_build receives a virtual address */
+	entry += tbl->it_offset; /* Offset into real TCE table */
+	ret = ppc_md.tce_build(tbl, entry, 1, kva, direction, NULL);
+
+	/* tce_build() only returns non-zero for transient errors */
+	if (unlikely(ret)) {
+		printk(KERN_ERR "tce_vfio: tce_put failed on tce=%llx ioba=%lx kva=%lx ret=%d\n",
+				tce, entry << IOMMU_PAGE_SHIFT, kva, ret);
+		put_page(page);
+		return -EIO;
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static void tce_flush(struct iommu_table *tbl)
+{
+	/* Flush/invalidate TLB caches if necessary */
+	if (ppc_md.tce_flush)
+		ppc_md.tce_flush(tbl);
+
+	/* Make sure updates are seen by hardware */
+	mb();
+}
+
+long iommu_put_tces(struct iommu_table *tbl, unsigned long entry, uint64_t tce,
+		enum dma_data_direction direction, unsigned long pages)
+{
+	int i, ret = 0, pages_to_put = 0;
+	struct page *page;
+	struct iommu_pool *pool = get_pool(tbl, entry);
+	struct page **oldpages;
+	const int oldpagesnum = PAGE_SIZE/sizeof(*oldpages);
+
+	BUILD_BUG_ON(PAGE_SIZE < IOMMU_PAGE_SIZE);
+
+	/* Handle a single page request without allocation
+	   of pages-to-release array */
+	if (pages == 1) {
+		spin_lock(&(pool->lock));
+		page = free_tce(tbl, entry);
+
+		if (direction != DMA_NONE)
+			ret = put_tce(tbl, entry, tce, direction);
+
+		tce_flush(tbl);
+
+		if (page)
+			put_page(page);
+
+		spin_unlock(&(pool->lock));
+		return ret;
+	}
+
+	/* Releasing multiple pages */
+	/* Allocate an array for pages to be released after TCE table
+	   is updated */
+	oldpages = kmalloc(PAGE_SIZE, GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!oldpages)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+
+	spin_lock(&(pool->lock));
+
+	for (i = 0; (i < pages) && !ret; ++i, ++entry, tce += IOMMU_PAGE_SIZE) {
+		page = free_tce(tbl, entry);
+		if (page) {
+			oldpages[pages_to_put] = page;
+			++pages_to_put;
+		}
+
+		if (direction != DMA_NONE)
+			ret = put_tce(tbl, entry, tce, direction);
+
+		/* Release old pages if we reached the end of oldpages[] or
+		   it is the last page or we are about to exit the loop */
+		if ((pages_to_put == oldpagesnum) || (i == pages - 1) || ret) {
+			tce_flush(tbl);
+
+			/* Release pages after removing them from TCE table */
+			while (pages_to_put) {
+				--pages_to_put;
+				put_page(oldpages[pages_to_put]);
+			}
+		}
+	}
+
+	spin_unlock(&(pool->lock));
+	kfree(oldpages);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(iommu_put_tces);
+#endif /* CONFIG_IOMMU_API */
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/pci.c b/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/pci.c
index 05205cf..660dcc6 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/pci.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/pci.c
@@ -20,6 +20,7 @@ 
 #include <linux/irq.h>
 #include <linux/io.h>
 #include <linux/msi.h>
+#include <linux/iommu.h>
 
 #include <asm/sections.h>
 #include <asm/io.h>
@@ -613,3 +614,137 @@  void __init pnv_pci_init(void)
 	ppc_md.teardown_msi_irqs = pnv_teardown_msi_irqs;
 #endif
 }
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_IOMMU_API
+/*
+ * IOMMU groups support required by VFIO
+ */
+static int add_device(struct device *dev)
+{
+	struct iommu_table *tbl;
+	int ret = 0;
+
+	if (WARN_ON(dev->iommu_group)) {
+		printk(KERN_WARNING "tce_vfio: device %s is already in iommu group %d, skipping\n",
+				dev_name(dev),
+				iommu_group_id(dev->iommu_group));
+		return -EBUSY;
+	}
+
+	tbl = get_iommu_table_base(dev);
+	if (!tbl) {
+		pr_debug("tce_vfio: skipping device %s with no tbl\n",
+				dev_name(dev));
+		return 0;
+	}
+
+	pr_debug("tce_vfio: adding %s to iommu group %d\n",
+			dev_name(dev), iommu_group_id(tbl->it_group));
+
+	ret = iommu_group_add_device(tbl->it_group, dev);
+	if (ret < 0)
+		printk(KERN_ERR "tce_vfio: %s has not been added, ret=%d\n",
+				dev_name(dev), ret);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static void del_device(struct device *dev)
+{
+	iommu_group_remove_device(dev);
+}
+
+static int iommu_bus_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb,
+			      unsigned long action, void *data)
+{
+	struct device *dev = data;
+
+	switch (action) {
+	case BUS_NOTIFY_ADD_DEVICE:
+		return add_device(dev);
+	case BUS_NOTIFY_DEL_DEVICE:
+		del_device(dev);
+		return 0;
+	default:
+		return 0;
+	}
+}
+
+static struct notifier_block tce_iommu_bus_nb = {
+	.notifier_call = iommu_bus_notifier,
+};
+
+static void group_release(void *iommu_data)
+{
+	struct iommu_table *tbl = iommu_data;
+	tbl->it_group = NULL;
+}
+
+static int __init tce_iommu_init(void)
+{
+	struct pci_dev *pdev = NULL;
+	struct iommu_table *tbl;
+	struct iommu_group *grp;
+
+	bus_register_notifier(&pci_bus_type, &tce_iommu_bus_nb);
+
+	/* Allocate and initialize IOMMU groups */
+	for_each_pci_dev(pdev) {
+		tbl = get_iommu_table_base(&pdev->dev);
+		if (!tbl)
+			continue;
+
+		/* Skip already initialized */
+		if (tbl->it_group)
+			continue;
+
+		grp = iommu_group_alloc();
+		if (IS_ERR(grp)) {
+			printk(KERN_INFO "tce_vfio: cannot create "
+					"new IOMMU group, ret=%ld\n",
+					PTR_ERR(grp));
+			return PTR_ERR(grp);
+		}
+		tbl->it_group = grp;
+		iommu_group_set_iommudata(grp, tbl, group_release);
+	}
+
+	/* Add PCI devices to VFIO groups */
+	for_each_pci_dev(pdev)
+		add_device(&pdev->dev);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static void __exit tce_iommu_cleanup(void)
+{
+	struct pci_dev *pdev = NULL;
+	struct iommu_table *tbl;
+	struct iommu_group *grp = NULL;
+
+	bus_unregister_notifier(&pci_bus_type, &tce_iommu_bus_nb);
+
+	/* Delete PCI devices from VFIO groups */
+	for_each_pci_dev(pdev)
+		del_device(&pdev->dev);
+
+	/* Release VFIO groups */
+	for_each_pci_dev(pdev) {
+		tbl = get_iommu_table_base(&pdev->dev);
+		if (!tbl)
+			continue;
+		grp = tbl->it_group;
+
+		/* Skip (already) uninitialized */
+		if (!grp)
+			continue;
+
+		/* Do actual release, group_release() is expected to work */
+		iommu_group_put(grp);
+		BUG_ON(tbl->it_group);
+	}
+}
+
+module_init(tce_iommu_init);
+module_exit(tce_iommu_cleanup);
+#endif /* CONFIG_IOMMU_API */
diff --git a/drivers/iommu/Kconfig b/drivers/iommu/Kconfig
index 9f69b56..29d11dc 100644
--- a/drivers/iommu/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/iommu/Kconfig
@@ -187,4 +187,12 @@  config EXYNOS_IOMMU_DEBUG
 
 	  Say N unless you need kernel log message for IOMMU debugging
 
+config SPAPR_TCE_IOMMU
+	bool "sPAPR TCE IOMMU Support"
+	depends on PPC_POWERNV
+	select IOMMU_API
+	help
+	  Enables bits of IOMMU API required by VFIO. The iommu_ops is
+	  still not implemented.
+
 endif # IOMMU_SUPPORT