Patchwork [RFC,v4+,hot_track,09/19] vfs: add one work queue

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Submitter Zhiyong Wu
Date Oct. 29, 2012, 4:30 a.m.
Message ID <1351485061-12297-10-git-send-email-zwu.kernel@gmail.com>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/194798/
State Not Applicable
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Zhiyong Wu - Oct. 29, 2012, 4:30 a.m.
From: Zhi Yong Wu <wuzhy@linux.vnet.ibm.com>

  Add a per-superblock workqueue and a delayed_work
to run periodic work to update map info on each superblock.

Signed-off-by: Zhi Yong Wu <wuzhy@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
---
 fs/hot_tracking.c            |   85 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 fs/hot_tracking.h            |    3 +
 include/linux/hot_tracking.h |    3 +
 3 files changed, 91 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
Steven Whitehouse - Nov. 5, 2012, 11:21 a.m.
Hi,

On Mon, 2012-10-29 at 12:30 +0800, zwu.kernel@gmail.com wrote:
> From: Zhi Yong Wu <wuzhy@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
> 
>   Add a per-superblock workqueue and a delayed_work
> to run periodic work to update map info on each superblock.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Zhi Yong Wu <wuzhy@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
> ---
>  fs/hot_tracking.c            |   85 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  fs/hot_tracking.h            |    3 +
>  include/linux/hot_tracking.h |    3 +
>  3 files changed, 91 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/fs/hot_tracking.c b/fs/hot_tracking.c
> index fff0038..0ef9cad 100644
> --- a/fs/hot_tracking.c
> +++ b/fs/hot_tracking.c
> @@ -15,9 +15,12 @@
>  #include <linux/module.h>
>  #include <linux/spinlock.h>
>  #include <linux/hardirq.h>
> +#include <linux/kthread.h>
> +#include <linux/freezer.h>
>  #include <linux/fs.h>
>  #include <linux/blkdev.h>
>  #include <linux/types.h>
> +#include <linux/list_sort.h>
>  #include <linux/limits.h>
>  #include "hot_tracking.h"
>  
> @@ -557,6 +560,67 @@ static void hot_map_array_exit(struct hot_info *root)
>  	}
>  }
>  
> +/* Temperature compare function*/
> +static int hot_temp_cmp(void *priv, struct list_head *a,
> +				struct list_head *b)
> +{
> +	struct hot_comm_item *ap =
> +			container_of(a, struct hot_comm_item, n_list);
> +	struct hot_comm_item *bp =
> +			container_of(b, struct hot_comm_item, n_list);
> +
> +	int diff = ap->hot_freq_data.last_temp
> +				- bp->hot_freq_data.last_temp;
> +	if (diff > 0)
> +		return -1;
> +	if (diff < 0)
> +		return 1;
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * Every sync period we update temperatures for
> + * each hot inode item and hot range item for aging
> + * purposes.
> + */
> +static void hot_update_worker(struct work_struct *work)
> +{
> +	struct hot_info *root = container_of(to_delayed_work(work),
> +					struct hot_info, update_work);
> +	struct hot_inode_item *hi_nodes[8];
> +	u64 ino = 0;
> +	int i, n;
> +
> +	while (1) {
> +		n = radix_tree_gang_lookup(&root->hot_inode_tree,
> +				   (void **)hi_nodes, ino,
> +				   ARRAY_SIZE(hi_nodes));
> +		if (!n)
> +			break;
> +
> +		ino = hi_nodes[n - 1]->i_ino + 1;
> +		for (i = 0; i < n; i++) {
> +			kref_get(&hi_nodes[i]->hot_inode.refs);
> +			hot_map_array_update(
> +				&hi_nodes[i]->hot_inode.hot_freq_data, root);
> +			hot_range_update(hi_nodes[i], root);
> +			hot_inode_item_put(hi_nodes[i]);
> +		}
> +	}
> +
> +	/* Sort temperature map info */
> +	for (i = 0; i < HEAT_MAP_SIZE; i++) {
> +		list_sort(NULL, &root->heat_inode_map[i].node_list,
> +			hot_temp_cmp);
> +		list_sort(NULL, &root->heat_range_map[i].node_list,
> +			hot_temp_cmp);
> +	}
> +

If this list can potentially have one (or more) entries per inode, then
filesystems with a lot of inodes (millions) may potentially exceed the
max size of list which list_sort() can handle. If that happens it still
works, but you'll get a warning message and it won't be as efficient.

It is something that we've run into with list_sort() and GFS2, but it
only happens very rarely,

Steve.



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Zhiyong Wu - Nov. 5, 2012, 11:55 a.m.
On Mon, Nov 5, 2012 at 7:21 PM, Steven Whitehouse <swhiteho@redhat.com> wrote:
> Hi,
>
> On Mon, 2012-10-29 at 12:30 +0800, zwu.kernel@gmail.com wrote:
>> From: Zhi Yong Wu <wuzhy@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
>>
>>   Add a per-superblock workqueue and a delayed_work
>> to run periodic work to update map info on each superblock.
>>
>> Signed-off-by: Zhi Yong Wu <wuzhy@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
>> ---
>>  fs/hot_tracking.c            |   85 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>>  fs/hot_tracking.h            |    3 +
>>  include/linux/hot_tracking.h |    3 +
>>  3 files changed, 91 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
>>
>> diff --git a/fs/hot_tracking.c b/fs/hot_tracking.c
>> index fff0038..0ef9cad 100644
>> --- a/fs/hot_tracking.c
>> +++ b/fs/hot_tracking.c
>> @@ -15,9 +15,12 @@
>>  #include <linux/module.h>
>>  #include <linux/spinlock.h>
>>  #include <linux/hardirq.h>
>> +#include <linux/kthread.h>
>> +#include <linux/freezer.h>
>>  #include <linux/fs.h>
>>  #include <linux/blkdev.h>
>>  #include <linux/types.h>
>> +#include <linux/list_sort.h>
>>  #include <linux/limits.h>
>>  #include "hot_tracking.h"
>>
>> @@ -557,6 +560,67 @@ static void hot_map_array_exit(struct hot_info *root)
>>       }
>>  }
>>
>> +/* Temperature compare function*/
>> +static int hot_temp_cmp(void *priv, struct list_head *a,
>> +                             struct list_head *b)
>> +{
>> +     struct hot_comm_item *ap =
>> +                     container_of(a, struct hot_comm_item, n_list);
>> +     struct hot_comm_item *bp =
>> +                     container_of(b, struct hot_comm_item, n_list);
>> +
>> +     int diff = ap->hot_freq_data.last_temp
>> +                             - bp->hot_freq_data.last_temp;
>> +     if (diff > 0)
>> +             return -1;
>> +     if (diff < 0)
>> +             return 1;
>> +     return 0;
>> +}
>> +
>> +/*
>> + * Every sync period we update temperatures for
>> + * each hot inode item and hot range item for aging
>> + * purposes.
>> + */
>> +static void hot_update_worker(struct work_struct *work)
>> +{
>> +     struct hot_info *root = container_of(to_delayed_work(work),
>> +                                     struct hot_info, update_work);
>> +     struct hot_inode_item *hi_nodes[8];
>> +     u64 ino = 0;
>> +     int i, n;
>> +
>> +     while (1) {
>> +             n = radix_tree_gang_lookup(&root->hot_inode_tree,
>> +                                (void **)hi_nodes, ino,
>> +                                ARRAY_SIZE(hi_nodes));
>> +             if (!n)
>> +                     break;
>> +
>> +             ino = hi_nodes[n - 1]->i_ino + 1;
>> +             for (i = 0; i < n; i++) {
>> +                     kref_get(&hi_nodes[i]->hot_inode.refs);
>> +                     hot_map_array_update(
>> +                             &hi_nodes[i]->hot_inode.hot_freq_data, root);
>> +                     hot_range_update(hi_nodes[i], root);
>> +                     hot_inode_item_put(hi_nodes[i]);
>> +             }
>> +     }
>> +
>> +     /* Sort temperature map info */
>> +     for (i = 0; i < HEAT_MAP_SIZE; i++) {
>> +             list_sort(NULL, &root->heat_inode_map[i].node_list,
>> +                     hot_temp_cmp);
>> +             list_sort(NULL, &root->heat_range_map[i].node_list,
>> +                     hot_temp_cmp);
>> +     }
>> +
>
> If this list can potentially have one (or more) entries per inode, then
Only one hot_inode_item per inode, while maybe multiple
hot_range_items per inode.
> filesystems with a lot of inodes (millions) may potentially exceed the
> max size of list which list_sort() can handle. If that happens it still
> works, but you'll get a warning message and it won't be as efficient.
I haven't do so large scale test. If we want to find that issue, we
need to do large scale performance test, before that, i want to make
sure the code change is correct at first.
To be honest, for that issue you pointed to, i also have such
concern.But list_sort() performance looks good from the test result of
the following URL:
https://lkml.org/lkml/2010/1/20/485

>
> It is something that we've run into with list_sort() and GFS2, but it
> only happens very rarely,
Beside list_sort(), do you have any other way to share? For this
concern, how does GFS2 resolve it?

>
> Steve.
>
>
>
Steven Whitehouse - Nov. 5, 2012, 12:07 p.m.
Hi,

On Mon, 2012-11-05 at 19:55 +0800, Zhi Yong Wu wrote:
> On Mon, Nov 5, 2012 at 7:21 PM, Steven Whitehouse <swhiteho@redhat.com> wrote:
> > Hi,
> >
> > On Mon, 2012-10-29 at 12:30 +0800, zwu.kernel@gmail.com wrote:
> >> From: Zhi Yong Wu <wuzhy@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
> >>
> >>   Add a per-superblock workqueue and a delayed_work
> >> to run periodic work to update map info on each superblock.
> >>
> >> Signed-off-by: Zhi Yong Wu <wuzhy@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
> >> ---
> >>  fs/hot_tracking.c            |   85 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> >>  fs/hot_tracking.h            |    3 +
> >>  include/linux/hot_tracking.h |    3 +
> >>  3 files changed, 91 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
> >>
> >> diff --git a/fs/hot_tracking.c b/fs/hot_tracking.c
> >> index fff0038..0ef9cad 100644
> >> --- a/fs/hot_tracking.c
> >> +++ b/fs/hot_tracking.c
> >> @@ -15,9 +15,12 @@
> >>  #include <linux/module.h>
> >>  #include <linux/spinlock.h>
> >>  #include <linux/hardirq.h>
> >> +#include <linux/kthread.h>
> >> +#include <linux/freezer.h>
> >>  #include <linux/fs.h>
> >>  #include <linux/blkdev.h>
> >>  #include <linux/types.h>
> >> +#include <linux/list_sort.h>
> >>  #include <linux/limits.h>
> >>  #include "hot_tracking.h"
> >>
> >> @@ -557,6 +560,67 @@ static void hot_map_array_exit(struct hot_info *root)
> >>       }
> >>  }
> >>
> >> +/* Temperature compare function*/
> >> +static int hot_temp_cmp(void *priv, struct list_head *a,
> >> +                             struct list_head *b)
> >> +{
> >> +     struct hot_comm_item *ap =
> >> +                     container_of(a, struct hot_comm_item, n_list);
> >> +     struct hot_comm_item *bp =
> >> +                     container_of(b, struct hot_comm_item, n_list);
> >> +
> >> +     int diff = ap->hot_freq_data.last_temp
> >> +                             - bp->hot_freq_data.last_temp;
> >> +     if (diff > 0)
> >> +             return -1;
> >> +     if (diff < 0)
> >> +             return 1;
> >> +     return 0;
> >> +}
> >> +
> >> +/*
> >> + * Every sync period we update temperatures for
> >> + * each hot inode item and hot range item for aging
> >> + * purposes.
> >> + */
> >> +static void hot_update_worker(struct work_struct *work)
> >> +{
> >> +     struct hot_info *root = container_of(to_delayed_work(work),
> >> +                                     struct hot_info, update_work);
> >> +     struct hot_inode_item *hi_nodes[8];
> >> +     u64 ino = 0;
> >> +     int i, n;
> >> +
> >> +     while (1) {
> >> +             n = radix_tree_gang_lookup(&root->hot_inode_tree,
> >> +                                (void **)hi_nodes, ino,
> >> +                                ARRAY_SIZE(hi_nodes));
> >> +             if (!n)
> >> +                     break;
> >> +
> >> +             ino = hi_nodes[n - 1]->i_ino + 1;
> >> +             for (i = 0; i < n; i++) {
> >> +                     kref_get(&hi_nodes[i]->hot_inode.refs);
> >> +                     hot_map_array_update(
> >> +                             &hi_nodes[i]->hot_inode.hot_freq_data, root);
> >> +                     hot_range_update(hi_nodes[i], root);
> >> +                     hot_inode_item_put(hi_nodes[i]);
> >> +             }
> >> +     }
> >> +
> >> +     /* Sort temperature map info */
> >> +     for (i = 0; i < HEAT_MAP_SIZE; i++) {
> >> +             list_sort(NULL, &root->heat_inode_map[i].node_list,
> >> +                     hot_temp_cmp);
> >> +             list_sort(NULL, &root->heat_range_map[i].node_list,
> >> +                     hot_temp_cmp);
> >> +     }
> >> +
> >
> > If this list can potentially have one (or more) entries per inode, then
> Only one hot_inode_item per inode, while maybe multiple
> hot_range_items per inode.
> > filesystems with a lot of inodes (millions) may potentially exceed the
> > max size of list which list_sort() can handle. If that happens it still
> > works, but you'll get a warning message and it won't be as efficient.
> I haven't do so large scale test. If we want to find that issue, we
> need to do large scale performance test, before that, i want to make
> sure the code change is correct at first.
> To be honest, for that issue you pointed to, i also have such
> concern.But list_sort() performance looks good from the test result of
> the following URL:
> https://lkml.org/lkml/2010/1/20/485
> 
Yes, I think it is good. Also, even when it says that it's performance
is poor (via the warning message) it is still much better than the
alternative (of not sorting) in the GFS2 case. So currently our
workaround is to ignore the warning. Due to what we using it for
(sorting the data blocks for ordered writeback) we only see it very
occasionally when there has been lots of data write activity with little
journal activity on a node with lots of RAM.

> >
> > It is something that we've run into with list_sort() and GFS2, but it
> > only happens very rarely,
> Beside list_sort(), do you have any other way to share? For this
> concern, how does GFS2 resolve it?
> 
That is an ongoing investigation :-)

I've pondered various options... increase temp variable space in
list_sort(), not using list_sort() and insertion sorting the blocks
instead, flushing the ordered write data early if the list gets too
long, figuring out how to remove blocks written back by the VM from the
list before the sort, and various other possible solutions. So far I'm
not sure which will be the best to choose, and since your situation is a
bit different it might not make sense to use the same solution.

I just thought it was worth mentioning though since it was something
that we'd run across,

Steve.


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To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-ext4" in
the body of a message to majordomo@vger.kernel.org
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Zhiyong Wu - Nov. 5, 2012, 12:20 p.m.
On Mon, Nov 5, 2012 at 8:07 PM, Steven Whitehouse <swhiteho@redhat.com> wrote:
> Hi,
>
> On Mon, 2012-11-05 at 19:55 +0800, Zhi Yong Wu wrote:
>> On Mon, Nov 5, 2012 at 7:21 PM, Steven Whitehouse <swhiteho@redhat.com> wrote:
>> > Hi,
>> >
>> > On Mon, 2012-10-29 at 12:30 +0800, zwu.kernel@gmail.com wrote:
>> >> From: Zhi Yong Wu <wuzhy@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
>> >>
>> >>   Add a per-superblock workqueue and a delayed_work
>> >> to run periodic work to update map info on each superblock.
>> >>
>> >> Signed-off-by: Zhi Yong Wu <wuzhy@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
>> >> ---
>> >>  fs/hot_tracking.c            |   85 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>> >>  fs/hot_tracking.h            |    3 +
>> >>  include/linux/hot_tracking.h |    3 +
>> >>  3 files changed, 91 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
>> >>
>> >> diff --git a/fs/hot_tracking.c b/fs/hot_tracking.c
>> >> index fff0038..0ef9cad 100644
>> >> --- a/fs/hot_tracking.c
>> >> +++ b/fs/hot_tracking.c
>> >> @@ -15,9 +15,12 @@
>> >>  #include <linux/module.h>
>> >>  #include <linux/spinlock.h>
>> >>  #include <linux/hardirq.h>
>> >> +#include <linux/kthread.h>
>> >> +#include <linux/freezer.h>
>> >>  #include <linux/fs.h>
>> >>  #include <linux/blkdev.h>
>> >>  #include <linux/types.h>
>> >> +#include <linux/list_sort.h>
>> >>  #include <linux/limits.h>
>> >>  #include "hot_tracking.h"
>> >>
>> >> @@ -557,6 +560,67 @@ static void hot_map_array_exit(struct hot_info *root)
>> >>       }
>> >>  }
>> >>
>> >> +/* Temperature compare function*/
>> >> +static int hot_temp_cmp(void *priv, struct list_head *a,
>> >> +                             struct list_head *b)
>> >> +{
>> >> +     struct hot_comm_item *ap =
>> >> +                     container_of(a, struct hot_comm_item, n_list);
>> >> +     struct hot_comm_item *bp =
>> >> +                     container_of(b, struct hot_comm_item, n_list);
>> >> +
>> >> +     int diff = ap->hot_freq_data.last_temp
>> >> +                             - bp->hot_freq_data.last_temp;
>> >> +     if (diff > 0)
>> >> +             return -1;
>> >> +     if (diff < 0)
>> >> +             return 1;
>> >> +     return 0;
>> >> +}
>> >> +
>> >> +/*
>> >> + * Every sync period we update temperatures for
>> >> + * each hot inode item and hot range item for aging
>> >> + * purposes.
>> >> + */
>> >> +static void hot_update_worker(struct work_struct *work)
>> >> +{
>> >> +     struct hot_info *root = container_of(to_delayed_work(work),
>> >> +                                     struct hot_info, update_work);
>> >> +     struct hot_inode_item *hi_nodes[8];
>> >> +     u64 ino = 0;
>> >> +     int i, n;
>> >> +
>> >> +     while (1) {
>> >> +             n = radix_tree_gang_lookup(&root->hot_inode_tree,
>> >> +                                (void **)hi_nodes, ino,
>> >> +                                ARRAY_SIZE(hi_nodes));
>> >> +             if (!n)
>> >> +                     break;
>> >> +
>> >> +             ino = hi_nodes[n - 1]->i_ino + 1;
>> >> +             for (i = 0; i < n; i++) {
>> >> +                     kref_get(&hi_nodes[i]->hot_inode.refs);
>> >> +                     hot_map_array_update(
>> >> +                             &hi_nodes[i]->hot_inode.hot_freq_data, root);
>> >> +                     hot_range_update(hi_nodes[i], root);
>> >> +                     hot_inode_item_put(hi_nodes[i]);
>> >> +             }
>> >> +     }
>> >> +
>> >> +     /* Sort temperature map info */
>> >> +     for (i = 0; i < HEAT_MAP_SIZE; i++) {
>> >> +             list_sort(NULL, &root->heat_inode_map[i].node_list,
>> >> +                     hot_temp_cmp);
>> >> +             list_sort(NULL, &root->heat_range_map[i].node_list,
>> >> +                     hot_temp_cmp);
>> >> +     }
>> >> +
>> >
>> > If this list can potentially have one (or more) entries per inode, then
>> Only one hot_inode_item per inode, while maybe multiple
>> hot_range_items per inode.
>> > filesystems with a lot of inodes (millions) may potentially exceed the
>> > max size of list which list_sort() can handle. If that happens it still
>> > works, but you'll get a warning message and it won't be as efficient.
>> I haven't do so large scale test. If we want to find that issue, we
>> need to do large scale performance test, before that, i want to make
>> sure the code change is correct at first.
>> To be honest, for that issue you pointed to, i also have such
>> concern.But list_sort() performance looks good from the test result of
>> the following URL:
>> https://lkml.org/lkml/2010/1/20/485
>>
> Yes, I think it is good. Also, even when it says that it's performance
> is poor (via the warning message) it is still much better than the
> alternative (of not sorting) in the GFS2 case. So currently our
> workaround is to ignore the warning. Due to what we using it for
> (sorting the data blocks for ordered writeback) we only see it very
> occasionally when there has been lots of data write activity with little
> journal activity on a node with lots of RAM.
OK.
>
>> >
>> > It is something that we've run into with list_sort() and GFS2, but it
>> > only happens very rarely,
>> Beside list_sort(), do you have any other way to share? For this
>> concern, how does GFS2 resolve it?
>>
> That is an ongoing investigation :-)
>
> I've pondered various options... increase temp variable space in
> list_sort(), not using list_sort() and insertion sorting the blocks
> instead, flushing the ordered write data early if the list gets too
> long, figuring out how to remove blocks written back by the VM from the
> list before the sort, and various other possible solutions. So far I'm
> not sure which will be the best to choose, and since your situation is a
> bit different it might not make sense to use the same solution.
>
> I just thought it was worth mentioning though since it was something
> that we'd run across,
thanks for your experience share. anyway, thanks.

By the way, it will be appreciated if you can comment on other patches.
>
> Steve.
>
>

Patch

diff --git a/fs/hot_tracking.c b/fs/hot_tracking.c
index fff0038..0ef9cad 100644
--- a/fs/hot_tracking.c
+++ b/fs/hot_tracking.c
@@ -15,9 +15,12 @@ 
 #include <linux/module.h>
 #include <linux/spinlock.h>
 #include <linux/hardirq.h>
+#include <linux/kthread.h>
+#include <linux/freezer.h>
 #include <linux/fs.h>
 #include <linux/blkdev.h>
 #include <linux/types.h>
+#include <linux/list_sort.h>
 #include <linux/limits.h>
 #include "hot_tracking.h"
 
@@ -557,6 +560,67 @@  static void hot_map_array_exit(struct hot_info *root)
 	}
 }
 
+/* Temperature compare function*/
+static int hot_temp_cmp(void *priv, struct list_head *a,
+				struct list_head *b)
+{
+	struct hot_comm_item *ap =
+			container_of(a, struct hot_comm_item, n_list);
+	struct hot_comm_item *bp =
+			container_of(b, struct hot_comm_item, n_list);
+
+	int diff = ap->hot_freq_data.last_temp
+				- bp->hot_freq_data.last_temp;
+	if (diff > 0)
+		return -1;
+	if (diff < 0)
+		return 1;
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Every sync period we update temperatures for
+ * each hot inode item and hot range item for aging
+ * purposes.
+ */
+static void hot_update_worker(struct work_struct *work)
+{
+	struct hot_info *root = container_of(to_delayed_work(work),
+					struct hot_info, update_work);
+	struct hot_inode_item *hi_nodes[8];
+	u64 ino = 0;
+	int i, n;
+
+	while (1) {
+		n = radix_tree_gang_lookup(&root->hot_inode_tree,
+				   (void **)hi_nodes, ino,
+				   ARRAY_SIZE(hi_nodes));
+		if (!n)
+			break;
+
+		ino = hi_nodes[n - 1]->i_ino + 1;
+		for (i = 0; i < n; i++) {
+			kref_get(&hi_nodes[i]->hot_inode.refs);
+			hot_map_array_update(
+				&hi_nodes[i]->hot_inode.hot_freq_data, root);
+			hot_range_update(hi_nodes[i], root);
+			hot_inode_item_put(hi_nodes[i]);
+		}
+	}
+
+	/* Sort temperature map info */
+	for (i = 0; i < HEAT_MAP_SIZE; i++) {
+		list_sort(NULL, &root->heat_inode_map[i].node_list,
+			hot_temp_cmp);
+		list_sort(NULL, &root->heat_range_map[i].node_list,
+			hot_temp_cmp);
+	}
+
+	/* Instert next delayed work */
+	queue_delayed_work(root->update_wq, &root->update_work,
+		msecs_to_jiffies(HEAT_UPDATE_DELAY * MSEC_PER_SEC));
+}
+
 /*
  * Initialize kmem cache for hot_inode_item and hot_range_item.
  */
@@ -650,9 +714,28 @@  int hot_track_init(struct super_block *sb)
 	hot_inode_tree_init(root);
 	hot_map_array_init(root);
 
+	root->update_wq = alloc_workqueue(
+		"hot_update_wq", WQ_NON_REENTRANT, 0);
+	if (!root->update_wq) {
+		printk(KERN_ERR "%s: Failed to create "
+				"hot update workqueue\n", __func__);
+		goto failed_wq;
+	}
+
+	/* Initialize hot tracking wq and arm one delayed work */
+	INIT_DELAYED_WORK(&root->update_work, hot_update_worker);
+	queue_delayed_work(root->update_wq, &root->update_work,
+		msecs_to_jiffies(HEAT_UPDATE_DELAY * MSEC_PER_SEC));
+
 	printk(KERN_INFO "VFS: Turning on hot data tracking\n");
 
 	return 0;
+
+failed_wq:
+	hot_map_array_exit(root);
+	hot_inode_tree_exit(root);
+	kfree(root);
+	return ret;
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(hot_track_init);
 
@@ -660,6 +743,8 @@  void hot_track_exit(struct super_block *sb)
 {
 	struct hot_info *root = sb->s_hot_root;
 
+	cancel_delayed_work_sync(&root->update_work);
+	destroy_workqueue(root->update_wq);
 	hot_map_array_exit(root);
 	hot_inode_tree_exit(root);
 	kfree(root);
diff --git a/fs/hot_tracking.h b/fs/hot_tracking.h
index f5ec05a..92e31fb 100644
--- a/fs/hot_tracking.h
+++ b/fs/hot_tracking.h
@@ -32,6 +32,9 @@ 
  */
 #define TIME_TO_KICK 300
 
+/* set how often to update temperatures (seconds) */
+#define HEAT_UPDATE_DELAY 300
+
 /* NRR/NRW heat unit = 2^X accesses */
 #define NRR_MULTIPLIER_POWER 20 /* NRR - number of reads since mount */
 #define NRR_COEFF_POWER 0
diff --git a/include/linux/hot_tracking.h b/include/linux/hot_tracking.h
index 4f92947..2ee0d02 100644
--- a/include/linux/hot_tracking.h
+++ b/include/linux/hot_tracking.h
@@ -82,6 +82,9 @@  struct hot_info {
 	/* map of range temperature */
 	struct hot_map_head heat_range_map[HEAT_MAP_SIZE];
 	unsigned int hot_map_nr;
+
+	struct workqueue_struct *update_wq;
+	struct delayed_work update_work;
 };
 
 extern void __init hot_cache_init(void);