Patchwork [v1,2/3] xilinx_spips: Generalised to model QSPI

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Submitter Peter Crosthwaite
Date Oct. 19, 2012, 8:29 a.m.
Message ID <165aa71f78d05bc754e9ca994b8ce099f2736e14.1350634549.git.peter.crosthwaite@xilinx.com>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/192584/
State New
Headers show

Comments

Peter Crosthwaite - Oct. 19, 2012, 8:29 a.m.
Extended the xilinx spips controller to model QSPI as well. Paremeterised the
operational difference with the normal spi controller (num_ss_bits, width of the
tx/rx fifo heads etc.). Multiple bus functionality is modelled (needed for QSPI
dual parallel mode. LQSPI is modelled.

Signed-off-by: Peter Crosthwaite <peter.crosthwaite@xilinx.com>
---

 hw/xilinx_spips.c |  289 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------
 1 files changed, 255 insertions(+), 34 deletions(-)

Patch

diff --git a/hw/xilinx_spips.c b/hw/xilinx_spips.c
index f64a782..538f091 100644
--- a/hw/xilinx_spips.c
+++ b/hw/xilinx_spips.c
@@ -28,6 +28,7 @@ 
 #include "qemu-log.h"
 #include "fifo.h"
 #include "ssi.h"
+#include "bitops.h"
 
 #ifdef XILINX_SPIPS_ERR_DEBUG
 #define DB_PRINT(...) do { \
@@ -40,6 +41,8 @@ 
 
 /* config register */
 #define R_CONFIG            (0x00 / 4)
+#define IFMODE              (1 << 31)
+#define ENDIAN              (1 << 26)
 #define MODEFAIL_GEN_EN     (1 << 17)
 #define MAN_START_COM       (1 << 16)
 #define MAN_START_EN        (1 << 15)
@@ -75,45 +78,101 @@ 
 #define R_SLAVE_IDLE_COUNT  (0x24 / 4)
 #define R_TX_THRES          (0x28 / 4)
 #define R_RX_THRES          (0x2C / 4)
+#define R_TXD1              (0x80 / 4)
+#define R_TXD2              (0x84 / 4)
+#define R_TXD3              (0x88 / 4)
+
+#define R_LQSPI_CFG         (0xa0 / 4)
+#define R_LQSPI_CFG_RESET       0x03A002EB
+#define LQSPI_CFG_LQ_MODE       (1 << 31)
+#define LQSPI_CFG_TWO_MEM       (1 << 30)
+#define LQSPI_CFG_SEP_BUS       (1 << 30)
+#define LQSPI_CFG_U_PAGE        (1 << 28)
+#define LQSPI_CFG_MODE_EN       (1 << 25)
+#define LQSPI_CFG_MODE_WIDTH    8
+#define LQSPI_CFG_MODE_SHIFT    16
+#define LQSPI_CFG_DUMMY_WIDTH   3
+#define LQSPI_CFG_DUMMY_SHIFT   8
+#define LQSPI_CFG_INST_CODE     0xFF
+
+#define R_LQSPI_STS         (0xA4 / 4)
+#define LQSPI_STS_WR_RECVD      (1 << 1)
+
 #define R_MOD_ID            (0xFC / 4)
 
 #define R_MAX (R_MOD_ID+1)
 
 /* size of TXRX FIFOs */
-#define NUM_CS_LINES    4
 #define RXFF_A          32
 #define TXFF_A          32
 
+/* 16MB per linear region */
+#define LQSPI_ADDRESS_BITS 24
+/* Bite off 4k chunks at a time */
+#define LQSPI_CACHE_SIZE 1024
+
+#define SNOOP_CHECKING 0xFF
+#define SNOOP_NONE 0xFE
+#define SNOOP_STRIPING 0
+
 typedef struct {
     SysBusDevice busdev;
     MemoryRegion iomem;
+    MemoryRegion mmlqspi;
+
     qemu_irq irq;
     int irqline;
 
-    qemu_irq cs_lines[NUM_CS_LINES];
-    SSIBus *spi;
+    uint8_t num_cs;
+    uint8_t num_busses;
+
+    uint8_t snoop_state;
+    qemu_irq *cs_lines;
+    SSIBus **spi;
 
     Fifo8 rx_fifo;
     Fifo8 tx_fifo;
 
+    uint8_t num_txrx_bytes;
+
     uint32_t regs[R_MAX];
+
+    uint32_t lqspi_buf[LQSPI_CACHE_SIZE];
+    target_phys_addr_t lqspi_cached_addr;
 } XilinxSPIPS;
 
+static inline int num_effective_busses(XilinxSPIPS *s)
+{
+    return (s->regs[R_LQSPI_STS] & LQSPI_CFG_SEP_BUS &&
+            s->regs[R_LQSPI_STS] & LQSPI_CFG_TWO_MEM) ? s->num_busses : 1;
+}
+
 static void xilinx_spips_update_cs_lines(XilinxSPIPS *s)
 {
-    int i;
+    int i, j;
     bool found = false;
     int field = s->regs[R_CONFIG] >> CS_SHIFT;
 
-    for (i = 0; i < NUM_CS_LINES; i++) {
-        if (~field & (1 << i) && !found) {
+    for (i = 0; i < s->num_cs; i++) {
+        for (j = 0; j < num_effective_busses(s); j++) {
+            int upage = !!(s->regs[R_LQSPI_STS] & LQSPI_CFG_U_PAGE);
+            int cs_to_set = (j * s->num_cs + i + upage) %
+                                (s->num_cs * s->num_busses);
+
+            if (~field & (1 << i) && !found) {
+                DB_PRINT("selecting slave %d\n", i);
+                qemu_set_irq(s->cs_lines[cs_to_set], 0);
+            } else {
+                qemu_set_irq(s->cs_lines[cs_to_set], 1);
+            }
+        }
+        if (~field & (1 << i)) {
             found = true;
-            DB_PRINT("selecting slave %d\n", i);
-            qemu_set_irq(s->cs_lines[i], 0);
-        } else {
-            qemu_set_irq(s->cs_lines[i], 1);
         }
-     }
+    }
+    if (!found) {
+        s->snoop_state = SNOOP_CHECKING;
+    }
 }
 
 static void xilinx_spips_update_ixr(XilinxSPIPS *s)
@@ -154,6 +213,8 @@  static void xilinx_spips_reset(DeviceState *d)
     s->regs[R_RX_THRES] = 1;
     /* FIXME: move magic number definition somewhere sensible */
     s->regs[R_MOD_ID] = 0x01090106;
+    s->regs[R_LQSPI_CFG] = R_LQSPI_CFG_RESET;
+    s->snoop_state = SNOOP_CHECKING;
     xilinx_spips_update_ixr(s);
     xilinx_spips_update_cs_lines(s);
 }
@@ -161,26 +222,68 @@  static void xilinx_spips_reset(DeviceState *d)
 static void xilinx_spips_flush_txfifo(XilinxSPIPS *s)
 {
     for (;;) {
-        uint32_t r;
-        uint8_t value;
+        int i;
+        uint8_t rx;
+        uint8_t tx = 0;
+
+        for (i = 0; i < num_effective_busses(s); ++i) {
+            if (!i || s->snoop_state == SNOOP_STRIPING) {
+                if (fifo8_is_empty(&s->tx_fifo)) {
+                    s->regs[R_INTR_STATUS] |= IXR_TX_FIFO_UNDERFLOW;
+                    xilinx_spips_update_ixr(s);
+                    return;
+                } else {
+                    tx = fifo8_pop(&s->tx_fifo);
+                }
+            }
+            rx = ssi_transfer(s->spi[i], (uint32_t)tx);
+            DB_PRINT("tx = %02x rx = %02x\n", tx, rx);
+            if (!i || s->snoop_state == SNOOP_STRIPING) {
+                if (fifo8_is_full(&s->rx_fifo)) {
+                    s->regs[R_INTR_STATUS] |= IXR_RX_FIFO_OVERFLOW;
+                    DB_PRINT("rx FIFO overflow");
+                } else {
+                    fifo8_push(&s->rx_fifo, (uint8_t)rx);
+                }
+            }
+        }
 
-        if (fifo8_is_empty(&s->tx_fifo)) {
-            s->regs[R_INTR_STATUS] |= IXR_TX_FIFO_UNDERFLOW;
+        switch (s->snoop_state) {
+        case (SNOOP_CHECKING):
+            switch (tx) { /* new instruction code */
+            case 0x0b: /* dual/quad output read DOR/QOR */
+            case 0x6b:
+                s->snoop_state = 4;
+                break;
+            /* FIXME: these vary between vendor - set to spansion */
+            case 0xbb: /* high performance dual read DIOR */
+                s->snoop_state = 4;
+                break;
+            case 0xeb: /* high performance quad read QIOR */
+                s->snoop_state = 6;
+                break;
+            default:
+                s->snoop_state = SNOOP_NONE;
+            }
             break;
-        } else {
-            value = fifo8_pop(&s->tx_fifo);
+        case (SNOOP_STRIPING):
+        case (SNOOP_NONE):
+            break;
+        default:
+            s->snoop_state--;
         }
+    }
+}
 
-        r = ssi_transfer(s->spi, (uint32_t)value);
-        DB_PRINT("tx = %02x rx = %02x\n", value, r);
-        if (fifo8_is_full(&s->rx_fifo)) {
-            s->regs[R_INTR_STATUS] |= IXR_RX_FIFO_OVERFLOW;
-            DB_PRINT("rx FIFO overflow");
-        } else {
-            fifo8_push(&s->rx_fifo, (uint8_t)r);
-        }
+static inline void rx_data_bytes(XilinxSPIPS *s, uint32_t *value, int max)
+{
+    int i;
+
+    *value = 0;
+    for (i = 0; i < max && !fifo8_is_empty(&s->rx_fifo); ++i) {
+        uint32_t next = fifo8_pop(&s->rx_fifo) & 0xFF;
+        *value |= next << 8 * (s->regs[R_CONFIG] & ENDIAN ? 3-i : i);
     }
-    xilinx_spips_update_ixr(s);
 }
 
 static uint64_t xilinx_spips_read(void *opaque, target_phys_addr_t addr,
@@ -214,7 +317,7 @@  static uint64_t xilinx_spips_read(void *opaque, target_phys_addr_t addr,
         mask = 0;
         break;
     case R_RX_DATA:
-        ret = (uint32_t)fifo8_pop(&s->rx_fifo);
+        rx_data_bytes(s, &ret, s->num_txrx_bytes);
         DB_PRINT("addr=" TARGET_FMT_plx " = %x\n", addr * 4, ret);
         xilinx_spips_update_ixr(s);
         return ret;
@@ -224,6 +327,20 @@  static uint64_t xilinx_spips_read(void *opaque, target_phys_addr_t addr,
 
 }
 
+static inline void tx_data_bytes(XilinxSPIPS *s, uint32_t value, int num)
+{
+    int i;
+    for (i = 0; i < num && !fifo8_is_full(&s->tx_fifo); ++i) {
+        if (s->regs[R_CONFIG] & ENDIAN) {
+            fifo8_push(&s->tx_fifo, (uint8_t)(value >> 24));
+            value <<= 8;
+        } else {
+            fifo8_push(&s->tx_fifo, (uint8_t)value);
+            value >>= 8;
+        }
+    }
+}
+
 static void xilinx_spips_write(void *opaque, target_phys_addr_t addr,
                                         uint64_t value, unsigned size)
 {
@@ -264,7 +381,16 @@  static void xilinx_spips_write(void *opaque, target_phys_addr_t addr,
         mask = 0;
         break;
     case R_TX_DATA:
-        fifo8_push(&s->tx_fifo, (uint8_t)value);
+        tx_data_bytes(s, (uint32_t)value, s->num_txrx_bytes);
+        goto no_reg_update;
+    case R_TXD1:
+        tx_data_bytes(s, (uint32_t)value, 1);
+        goto no_reg_update;
+    case R_TXD2:
+        tx_data_bytes(s, (uint32_t)value, 2);
+        goto no_reg_update;
+    case R_TXD3:
+        tx_data_bytes(s, (uint32_t)value, 3);
         goto no_reg_update;
     }
     s->regs[addr] = (s->regs[addr] & ~mask) | (value & mask);
@@ -282,6 +408,81 @@  static const MemoryRegionOps spips_ops = {
     .endianness = DEVICE_LITTLE_ENDIAN,
 };
 
+#define LQSPI_CACHE_SIZE 1024
+
+static uint64_t
+lqspi_read(void *opaque, target_phys_addr_t addr, unsigned int size)
+{
+    int i;
+    XilinxSPIPS *s = opaque;
+
+    if (addr >= s->lqspi_cached_addr &&
+            addr <= s->lqspi_cached_addr + LQSPI_CACHE_SIZE - 4) {
+        return s->lqspi_buf[(addr - s->lqspi_cached_addr) >> 2];
+    } else {
+        int flash_addr = (addr / num_effective_busses(s));
+        int slave = flash_addr >> LQSPI_ADDRESS_BITS;
+        int cache_entry = 0;
+
+        DB_PRINT("config reg status: %08x\n", s->regs[R_LQSPI_CFG]);
+
+        fifo8_reset(&s->tx_fifo);
+        fifo8_reset(&s->rx_fifo);
+
+        s->regs[R_CONFIG] &= ~CS;
+        s->regs[R_CONFIG] |= (~(1 << slave) << CS_SHIFT) & CS;
+        xilinx_spips_update_cs_lines(s);
+
+        /* instruction */
+        DB_PRINT("pushing read instruction: %02x\n",
+                 (uint8_t)(s->regs[R_LQSPI_CFG] & LQSPI_CFG_INST_CODE));
+        fifo8_push(&s->tx_fifo, s->regs[R_LQSPI_CFG] & LQSPI_CFG_INST_CODE);
+        /* read address */
+        DB_PRINT("pushing read address %06x\n", flash_addr);
+        fifo8_push(&s->tx_fifo, (uint8_t)(flash_addr >> 16));
+        fifo8_push(&s->tx_fifo, (uint8_t)(flash_addr >> 8));
+        fifo8_push(&s->tx_fifo, (uint8_t)flash_addr);
+        /* mode bits */
+        if (s->regs[R_LQSPI_CFG] & LQSPI_CFG_MODE_EN) {
+            fifo8_push(&s->tx_fifo, extract32(s->regs[R_LQSPI_CFG],
+                                              LQSPI_CFG_MODE_SHIFT,
+                                              LQSPI_CFG_MODE_WIDTH));
+        }
+        /* dummy bytes */
+        for (i = 0; i < (extract32(s->regs[R_LQSPI_CFG], LQSPI_CFG_DUMMY_SHIFT,
+                                   LQSPI_CFG_DUMMY_WIDTH)); ++i) {
+            DB_PRINT("pushing dummy byte\n");
+            fifo8_push(&s->tx_fifo, 0);
+        }
+        xilinx_spips_flush_txfifo(s);
+        fifo8_reset(&s->rx_fifo);
+
+        DB_PRINT("starting QSPI data read\n");
+
+        for (i = 0; i < LQSPI_CACHE_SIZE / 4; ++i) {
+            tx_data_bytes(s, 0, 4);
+            xilinx_spips_flush_txfifo(s);
+            rx_data_bytes(s, &s->lqspi_buf[cache_entry], 4);
+            cache_entry++;
+        }
+
+        s->regs[R_CONFIG] |= CS;
+        xilinx_spips_update_cs_lines(s);
+
+        s->lqspi_cached_addr = addr;
+        return lqspi_read(opaque, addr, size);
+    }
+}
+
+static const MemoryRegionOps lqspi_ops = {
+    .read = lqspi_read,
+    .endianness = DEVICE_NATIVE_ENDIAN,
+    .valid = {
+        .min_access_size = 4,
+        .max_access_size = 4
+    }
+};
+
 static int xilinx_spips_init(SysBusDevice *dev)
 {
     XilinxSPIPS *s = FROM_SYSBUS(typeof(*s), dev);
@@ -289,18 +490,30 @@  static int xilinx_spips_init(SysBusDevice *dev)
 
     DB_PRINT("inited device model\n");
 
-    s->spi = ssi_create_bus(&dev->qdev, "spi");
+    s->spi = g_new(SSIBus *, s->num_busses);
+    for (i = 0; i < s->num_busses; ++i) {
+        char bus_name[16];
+        snprintf(bus_name, 16, "spi%d", i);
+        s->spi[i] = ssi_create_bus(&dev->qdev, bus_name);
+    }
 
-    ssi_auto_connect_slaves(DEVICE(s), s->cs_lines, s->spi);
+    s->cs_lines = g_new(qemu_irq, s->num_cs * s->num_busses);
+    ssi_auto_connect_slaves(DEVICE(s), s->cs_lines, s->spi[0]);
+    ssi_auto_connect_slaves(DEVICE(s), s->cs_lines, s->spi[1]);
     sysbus_init_irq(dev, &s->irq);
-    for (i = 0; i < NUM_CS_LINES; ++i) {
+    for (i = 0; i < s->num_cs * s->num_busses; ++i) {
         sysbus_init_irq(dev, &s->cs_lines[i]);
     }
 
     memory_region_init_io(&s->iomem, &spips_ops, s, "spi", R_MAX*4);
     sysbus_init_mmio(dev, &s->iomem);
 
+    memory_region_init_io(&s->mmlqspi, &lqspi_ops, s, "lqspi",
+                          (1 << LQSPI_ADDRESS_BITS) * 2);
+    sysbus_init_mmio(dev, &s->mmlqspi);
+
     s->irqline = -1;
+    s->lqspi_cached_addr = ~0ULL;
 
     fifo8_create(&s->rx_fifo, RXFF_A);
     fifo8_create(&s->tx_fifo, TXFF_A);
@@ -317,18 +530,25 @@  static int xilinx_spips_post_load(void *opaque, int version_id)
 
 static const VMStateDescription vmstate_xilinx_spips = {
     .name = "xilinx_spips",
-    .version_id = 1,
-    .minimum_version_id = 1,
-    .minimum_version_id_old = 1,
+    .version_id = 2,
+    .minimum_version_id = 2,
+    .minimum_version_id_old = 2,
     .post_load = xilinx_spips_post_load,
     .fields = (VMStateField[]) {
         VMSTATE_FIFO8(tx_fifo, XilinxSPIPS),
         VMSTATE_FIFO8(rx_fifo, XilinxSPIPS),
         VMSTATE_UINT32_ARRAY(regs, XilinxSPIPS, R_MAX),
+        VMSTATE_UINT8(snoop_state, XilinxSPIPS),
         VMSTATE_END_OF_LIST()
     }
 };
 
+static Property xilinx_spips_properties[] = {
+    DEFINE_PROP_UINT8("num-busses", XilinxSPIPS, num_busses, 1),
+    DEFINE_PROP_UINT8("num-ss-bits", XilinxSPIPS, num_cs, 4),
+    DEFINE_PROP_UINT8("num-txrx-bytes", XilinxSPIPS, num_txrx_bytes, 1),
+    DEFINE_PROP_END_OF_LIST(),
+};
 static void xilinx_spips_class_init(ObjectClass *klass, void *data)
 {
     DeviceClass *dc = DEVICE_CLASS(klass);
@@ -336,6 +556,7 @@  static void xilinx_spips_class_init(ObjectClass *klass, void *data)
 
     sdc->init = xilinx_spips_init;
     dc->reset = xilinx_spips_reset;
+    dc->props = xilinx_spips_properties;
     dc->vmsd = &vmstate_xilinx_spips;
 }