Patchwork [v3,05/10] resource: add PCI configuration space support

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Submitter Thierry Reding
Date July 26, 2012, 7:55 p.m.
Message ID <1343332512-28762-6-git-send-email-thierry.reding@avionic-design.de>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/173485/
State Superseded, archived
Headers show

Comments

Thierry Reding - July 26, 2012, 7:55 p.m.
This commit adds a new flag that allows marking resources as PCI
configuration space.

Signed-off-by: Thierry Reding <thierry.reding@avionic-design.de>
---
Changes in v3:
- new patch

 include/linux/ioport.h | 2 +-
 1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)
Bjorn Helgaas - Aug. 14, 2012, 5 a.m.
On Thu, Jul 26, 2012 at 12:55 PM, Thierry Reding
<thierry.reding@avionic-design.de> wrote:
> This commit adds a new flag that allows marking resources as PCI
> configuration space.
>
> Signed-off-by: Thierry Reding <thierry.reding@avionic-design.de>
> ---
> Changes in v3:
> - new patch
>
>  include/linux/ioport.h | 2 +-
>  1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)
>
> diff --git a/include/linux/ioport.h b/include/linux/ioport.h
> index 589e0e7..3314843 100644
> --- a/include/linux/ioport.h
> +++ b/include/linux/ioport.h
> @@ -102,7 +102,7 @@ struct resource {
>
>  /* PCI control bits.  Shares IORESOURCE_BITS with above PCI ROM.  */
>  #define IORESOURCE_PCI_FIXED           (1<<4)  /* Do not move resource */
> -
> +#define IORESOURCE_PCI_CS              (1<<5)  /* PCI configuration space */

What is the purpose of this?  It seems that you are marking regions
that we call MMCONFIG on x86, or ECAM-type regions in the language of
the PCIe spec.  I see that you set it in several places, but I don't
see anything that ever looks for it.  Do you have plans to use it in
the future?  If it really does correspond to MMCONFIG/ECAM, we should
handle those regions consistently across all architectures.

>  /* helpers to define resources */
>  #define DEFINE_RES_NAMED(_start, _size, _name, _flags)                 \
> --
> 1.7.11.2
>
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Thierry Reding - Aug. 14, 2012, 5:55 a.m.
On Mon, Aug 13, 2012 at 10:00:45PM -0700, Bjorn Helgaas wrote:
> On Thu, Jul 26, 2012 at 12:55 PM, Thierry Reding
> <thierry.reding@avionic-design.de> wrote:
> > This commit adds a new flag that allows marking resources as PCI
> > configuration space.
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Thierry Reding <thierry.reding@avionic-design.de>
> > ---
> > Changes in v3:
> > - new patch
> >
> >  include/linux/ioport.h | 2 +-
> >  1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/include/linux/ioport.h b/include/linux/ioport.h
> > index 589e0e7..3314843 100644
> > --- a/include/linux/ioport.h
> > +++ b/include/linux/ioport.h
> > @@ -102,7 +102,7 @@ struct resource {
> >
> >  /* PCI control bits.  Shares IORESOURCE_BITS with above PCI ROM.  */
> >  #define IORESOURCE_PCI_FIXED           (1<<4)  /* Do not move resource */
> > -
> > +#define IORESOURCE_PCI_CS              (1<<5)  /* PCI configuration space */
> 
> What is the purpose of this?  It seems that you are marking regions
> that we call MMCONFIG on x86, or ECAM-type regions in the language of
> the PCIe spec.  I see that you set it in several places, but I don't
> see anything that ever looks for it.  Do you have plans to use it in
> the future?  If it really does correspond to MMCONFIG/ECAM, we should
> handle those regions consistently across all architectures.

The purpose is ultimately to obtain the MMCONFIG/ECAM resources assigned
to a PCI host controller. I've used this in the of_pci_parse_ranges()
and in the static board setup code to mark ranges as such. Perhaps
IORESOURCE_ECAM or IORESOURCE_MMCONFIG might have been better names. I
also just noticed that I'm not using this anywhere, but the plan was to
eventually use it with platform_get_resource(). However that doesn't
seem to work either because the lower bits of the flags aren't use for
comparison in that function.

Any other ideas how that could be handled? Basically what I need is a
way to mark a resource as an MMCONFIG/ECAM range so that it can be used
to program the PCI host controller accordingly. I don't know how these
are assigned on x86. I was under the impression that the MMCONFIG/ECAM
space was accessed through a single single address/data register pair.

On Tegra 20 this region can be anywhere in the upper 1 GiB of the 4 GiB
address space, while on Tegra 30 it can be anywhere in the lower 1 GiB,
so they can be freely assigned.

Thierry
Bjorn Helgaas - Aug. 14, 2012, 5:38 p.m.
On Mon, Aug 13, 2012 at 10:55 PM, Thierry Reding
<thierry.reding@avionic-design.de> wrote:
> On Mon, Aug 13, 2012 at 10:00:45PM -0700, Bjorn Helgaas wrote:
>> On Thu, Jul 26, 2012 at 12:55 PM, Thierry Reding
>> <thierry.reding@avionic-design.de> wrote:
>> > This commit adds a new flag that allows marking resources as PCI
>> > configuration space.
>> >
>> > Signed-off-by: Thierry Reding <thierry.reding@avionic-design.de>
>> > ---
>> > Changes in v3:
>> > - new patch
>> >
>> >  include/linux/ioport.h | 2 +-
>> >  1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)
>> >
>> > diff --git a/include/linux/ioport.h b/include/linux/ioport.h
>> > index 589e0e7..3314843 100644
>> > --- a/include/linux/ioport.h
>> > +++ b/include/linux/ioport.h
>> > @@ -102,7 +102,7 @@ struct resource {
>> >
>> >  /* PCI control bits.  Shares IORESOURCE_BITS with above PCI ROM.  */
>> >  #define IORESOURCE_PCI_FIXED           (1<<4)  /* Do not move resource */
>> > -
>> > +#define IORESOURCE_PCI_CS              (1<<5)  /* PCI configuration space */
>>
>> What is the purpose of this?  It seems that you are marking regions
>> that we call MMCONFIG on x86, or ECAM-type regions in the language of
>> the PCIe spec.  I see that you set it in several places, but I don't
>> see anything that ever looks for it.  Do you have plans to use it in
>> the future?  If it really does correspond to MMCONFIG/ECAM, we should
>> handle those regions consistently across all architectures.
>
> The purpose is ultimately to obtain the MMCONFIG/ECAM resources assigned
> to a PCI host controller. I've used this in the of_pci_parse_ranges()
> and in the static board setup code to mark ranges as such. Perhaps
> IORESOURCE_ECAM or IORESOURCE_MMCONFIG might have been better names. I
> also just noticed that I'm not using this anywhere, but the plan was to
> eventually use it with platform_get_resource(). However that doesn't
> seem to work either because the lower bits of the flags aren't use for
> comparison in that function.
>
> Any other ideas how that could be handled? Basically what I need is a
> way to mark a resource as an MMCONFIG/ECAM range so that it can be used
> to program the PCI host controller accordingly. I don't know how these
> are assigned on x86. I was under the impression that the MMCONFIG/ECAM
> space was accessed through a single single address/data register pair.

The legacy config access mechanism (CF8h/CFCh registers described in
PCI 3.0 spec sec 3.2.2.3.2) is a single address/data pair, but this is
mostly x86-specific.  The ECAM mechanism (described in the PCIe 3.0
spec sec 7.2.2) is not a single address/data pair; instead, each byte
of config space is directly mapped into the host's MMIO space.

Here's what we do on x86 (omitting some historical grunge that
complicates things):

  - Discover the host bridge via a PNP0A08 device in the ACPI namespace.
  - Discover the bus number range behind the bridge using a _CRS
method in the PNP0A08 device.
  - Discover the ECAM space for those buses via a _CBA method in the
PNP0A08 device.
  - Tell the config accessors (struct pci_ops) that the ECAM space for
buses A-B is at address X.
  - Enumerate the devices behind the host bridge by calling
pci_scan_root_bus(), passing the config accessors.

It sounds like you want a way to parse the resources at one point,
saving them and marking the ECAM region, then at a later point, look
up the ECAM from a saved list.  We don't do that on x86 because the
config accessors keep an internal list of the ECAM area for each bus.

We do of course want to put this ECAM space in the IORESOURCE_MEM tree
because it consumes address space and we have to make sure we don't
put anything else on top of it.  But we don't have any reason to
describe the MMIO -> config space function in that tree.  From the
point of view of the rest of the system, it's just MMIO space that's
consumed by the PCI host bridge, just like any other device-specific
MMIO area.

Bjorn
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Thierry Reding - Aug. 14, 2012, 6:01 p.m.
On Tue, Aug 14, 2012 at 10:38:08AM -0700, Bjorn Helgaas wrote:
> On Mon, Aug 13, 2012 at 10:55 PM, Thierry Reding
> <thierry.reding@avionic-design.de> wrote:
> > On Mon, Aug 13, 2012 at 10:00:45PM -0700, Bjorn Helgaas wrote:
> >> On Thu, Jul 26, 2012 at 12:55 PM, Thierry Reding
> >> <thierry.reding@avionic-design.de> wrote:
> >> > This commit adds a new flag that allows marking resources as PCI
> >> > configuration space.
> >> >
> >> > Signed-off-by: Thierry Reding <thierry.reding@avionic-design.de>
> >> > ---
> >> > Changes in v3:
> >> > - new patch
> >> >
> >> >  include/linux/ioport.h | 2 +-
> >> >  1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)
> >> >
> >> > diff --git a/include/linux/ioport.h b/include/linux/ioport.h
> >> > index 589e0e7..3314843 100644
> >> > --- a/include/linux/ioport.h
> >> > +++ b/include/linux/ioport.h
> >> > @@ -102,7 +102,7 @@ struct resource {
> >> >
> >> >  /* PCI control bits.  Shares IORESOURCE_BITS with above PCI ROM.  */
> >> >  #define IORESOURCE_PCI_FIXED           (1<<4)  /* Do not move resource */
> >> > -
> >> > +#define IORESOURCE_PCI_CS              (1<<5)  /* PCI configuration space */
> >>
> >> What is the purpose of this?  It seems that you are marking regions
> >> that we call MMCONFIG on x86, or ECAM-type regions in the language of
> >> the PCIe spec.  I see that you set it in several places, but I don't
> >> see anything that ever looks for it.  Do you have plans to use it in
> >> the future?  If it really does correspond to MMCONFIG/ECAM, we should
> >> handle those regions consistently across all architectures.
> >
> > The purpose is ultimately to obtain the MMCONFIG/ECAM resources assigned
> > to a PCI host controller. I've used this in the of_pci_parse_ranges()
> > and in the static board setup code to mark ranges as such. Perhaps
> > IORESOURCE_ECAM or IORESOURCE_MMCONFIG might have been better names. I
> > also just noticed that I'm not using this anywhere, but the plan was to
> > eventually use it with platform_get_resource(). However that doesn't
> > seem to work either because the lower bits of the flags aren't use for
> > comparison in that function.
> >
> > Any other ideas how that could be handled? Basically what I need is a
> > way to mark a resource as an MMCONFIG/ECAM range so that it can be used
> > to program the PCI host controller accordingly. I don't know how these
> > are assigned on x86. I was under the impression that the MMCONFIG/ECAM
> > space was accessed through a single single address/data register pair.
> 
> The legacy config access mechanism (CF8h/CFCh registers described in
> PCI 3.0 spec sec 3.2.2.3.2) is a single address/data pair, but this is
> mostly x86-specific.  The ECAM mechanism (described in the PCIe 3.0
> spec sec 7.2.2) is not a single address/data pair; instead, each byte
> of config space is directly mapped into the host's MMIO space.
> 
> Here's what we do on x86 (omitting some historical grunge that
> complicates things):
> 
>   - Discover the host bridge via a PNP0A08 device in the ACPI namespace.
>   - Discover the bus number range behind the bridge using a _CRS
> method in the PNP0A08 device.
>   - Discover the ECAM space for those buses via a _CBA method in the
> PNP0A08 device.
>   - Tell the config accessors (struct pci_ops) that the ECAM space for
> buses A-B is at address X.
>   - Enumerate the devices behind the host bridge by calling
> pci_scan_root_bus(), passing the config accessors.
> 
> It sounds like you want a way to parse the resources at one point,
> saving them and marking the ECAM region, then at a later point, look
> up the ECAM from a saved list.  We don't do that on x86 because the
> config accessors keep an internal list of the ECAM area for each bus.
> 
> We do of course want to put this ECAM space in the IORESOURCE_MEM tree
> because it consumes address space and we have to make sure we don't
> put anything else on top of it.  But we don't have any reason to
> describe the MMIO -> config space function in that tree.  From the
> point of view of the rest of the system, it's just MMIO space that's
> consumed by the PCI host bridge, just like any other device-specific
> MMIO area.

What I currently do is pass the ECAM space as a resource to the PCI host
bridge platform device. Regular and extended configuration spaces are
given by the third and fourth resources, respectively. If I understand
correctly, you're saying that nothing beyond that needs to be encoded.
In other words it is enough for the PCI host bridge driver to know where
to take the data from.

I'll have to see what this means for the DT binding. There are other
issues that I need to think about, like for example how to pass the ECAM
space from the PCI host controller to each of the two bridges via the
ranges property. This no longer makes sense in the current form, as the
ECAM covers the configuration spaces for devices of both bridges and
cannot really be split among them.

Thierry
Bjorn Helgaas - Aug. 14, 2012, 9:44 p.m.
On Tue, Aug 14, 2012 at 11:01 AM, Thierry Reding
<thierry.reding@avionic-design.de> wrote:
> On Tue, Aug 14, 2012 at 10:38:08AM -0700, Bjorn Helgaas wrote:
>> On Mon, Aug 13, 2012 at 10:55 PM, Thierry Reding
>> <thierry.reding@avionic-design.de> wrote:
>> > On Mon, Aug 13, 2012 at 10:00:45PM -0700, Bjorn Helgaas wrote:
>> >> On Thu, Jul 26, 2012 at 12:55 PM, Thierry Reding
>> >> <thierry.reding@avionic-design.de> wrote:
>> >> > This commit adds a new flag that allows marking resources as PCI
>> >> > configuration space.
>> >> >
>> >> > Signed-off-by: Thierry Reding <thierry.reding@avionic-design.de>
>> >> > ---
>> >> > Changes in v3:
>> >> > - new patch
>> >> >
>> >> >  include/linux/ioport.h | 2 +-
>> >> >  1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)
>> >> >
>> >> > diff --git a/include/linux/ioport.h b/include/linux/ioport.h
>> >> > index 589e0e7..3314843 100644
>> >> > --- a/include/linux/ioport.h
>> >> > +++ b/include/linux/ioport.h
>> >> > @@ -102,7 +102,7 @@ struct resource {
>> >> >
>> >> >  /* PCI control bits.  Shares IORESOURCE_BITS with above PCI ROM.  */
>> >> >  #define IORESOURCE_PCI_FIXED           (1<<4)  /* Do not move resource */
>> >> > -
>> >> > +#define IORESOURCE_PCI_CS              (1<<5)  /* PCI configuration space */
>> >>
>> >> What is the purpose of this?  It seems that you are marking regions
>> >> that we call MMCONFIG on x86, or ECAM-type regions in the language of
>> >> the PCIe spec.  I see that you set it in several places, but I don't
>> >> see anything that ever looks for it.  Do you have plans to use it in
>> >> the future?  If it really does correspond to MMCONFIG/ECAM, we should
>> >> handle those regions consistently across all architectures.
>> >
>> > The purpose is ultimately to obtain the MMCONFIG/ECAM resources assigned
>> > to a PCI host controller. I've used this in the of_pci_parse_ranges()
>> > and in the static board setup code to mark ranges as such. Perhaps
>> > IORESOURCE_ECAM or IORESOURCE_MMCONFIG might have been better names. I
>> > also just noticed that I'm not using this anywhere, but the plan was to
>> > eventually use it with platform_get_resource(). However that doesn't
>> > seem to work either because the lower bits of the flags aren't use for
>> > comparison in that function.
>> >
>> > Any other ideas how that could be handled? Basically what I need is a
>> > way to mark a resource as an MMCONFIG/ECAM range so that it can be used
>> > to program the PCI host controller accordingly. I don't know how these
>> > are assigned on x86. I was under the impression that the MMCONFIG/ECAM
>> > space was accessed through a single single address/data register pair.
>>
>> The legacy config access mechanism (CF8h/CFCh registers described in
>> PCI 3.0 spec sec 3.2.2.3.2) is a single address/data pair, but this is
>> mostly x86-specific.  The ECAM mechanism (described in the PCIe 3.0
>> spec sec 7.2.2) is not a single address/data pair; instead, each byte
>> of config space is directly mapped into the host's MMIO space.
>>
>> Here's what we do on x86 (omitting some historical grunge that
>> complicates things):
>>
>>   - Discover the host bridge via a PNP0A08 device in the ACPI namespace.
>>   - Discover the bus number range behind the bridge using a _CRS
>> method in the PNP0A08 device.
>>   - Discover the ECAM space for those buses via a _CBA method in the
>> PNP0A08 device.
>>   - Tell the config accessors (struct pci_ops) that the ECAM space for
>> buses A-B is at address X.
>>   - Enumerate the devices behind the host bridge by calling
>> pci_scan_root_bus(), passing the config accessors.
>>
>> It sounds like you want a way to parse the resources at one point,
>> saving them and marking the ECAM region, then at a later point, look
>> up the ECAM from a saved list.  We don't do that on x86 because the
>> config accessors keep an internal list of the ECAM area for each bus.
>>
>> We do of course want to put this ECAM space in the IORESOURCE_MEM tree
>> because it consumes address space and we have to make sure we don't
>> put anything else on top of it.  But we don't have any reason to
>> describe the MMIO -> config space function in that tree.  From the
>> point of view of the rest of the system, it's just MMIO space that's
>> consumed by the PCI host bridge, just like any other device-specific
>> MMIO area.
>
> What I currently do is pass the ECAM space as a resource to the PCI host
> bridge platform device. Regular and extended configuration spaces are
> given by the third and fourth resources, respectively. If I understand
> correctly, you're saying that nothing beyond that needs to be encoded.
> In other words it is enough for the PCI host bridge driver to know where
> to take the data from.

Yes, I think so.

I'd like to someday make ECAM support generic, since it's specified by
the PCIe spec.  The spec doesn't differentiate between PCI
configuration space (offsets 0-0xff) and PCI Express *extended*
configuration space (offsets 0x100-0xfff).  But it sounds like Tegra
might have a memory-mapped configuration mechanism that is similar to
ECAM but with a different address map, since you mention two resources
(third and fourth).  That's not a problem, since you're doing a
Tegra-specific solution right now anyway, but something to keep in the
back of your mind if we ever do make a generic ECAM solution.

> I'll have to see what this means for the DT binding. There are other
> issues that I need to think about, like for example how to pass the ECAM
> space from the PCI host controller to each of the two bridges via the
> ranges property. This no longer makes sense in the current form, as the
> ECAM covers the configuration spaces for devices of both bridges and
> cannot really be split among them.

We have the same situation on x86.  Part of the historical grunge that
I omitted is that there's a static ACPI table (MCFG) that can tell you
the ECAM range for a bus number range.  Often that bus number range
includes several host bridges.  On x86, we have a single set of ECAM
config accessors (see pci_mmcfg), and they maintain a list of "bus
number -> ECAM addr" mappings internally, independent of which host
bridge leads to the buses.

Bjorn
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Thierry Reding - Aug. 15, 2012, 6:49 a.m.
On Tue, Aug 14, 2012 at 02:44:24PM -0700, Bjorn Helgaas wrote:
> On Tue, Aug 14, 2012 at 11:01 AM, Thierry Reding
> <thierry.reding@avionic-design.de> wrote:
> > On Tue, Aug 14, 2012 at 10:38:08AM -0700, Bjorn Helgaas wrote:
> >> On Mon, Aug 13, 2012 at 10:55 PM, Thierry Reding
> >> <thierry.reding@avionic-design.de> wrote:
> >> > On Mon, Aug 13, 2012 at 10:00:45PM -0700, Bjorn Helgaas wrote:
> >> >> On Thu, Jul 26, 2012 at 12:55 PM, Thierry Reding
> >> >> <thierry.reding@avionic-design.de> wrote:
> >> >> > This commit adds a new flag that allows marking resources as PCI
> >> >> > configuration space.
> >> >> >
> >> >> > Signed-off-by: Thierry Reding <thierry.reding@avionic-design.de>
> >> >> > ---
> >> >> > Changes in v3:
> >> >> > - new patch
> >> >> >
> >> >> >  include/linux/ioport.h | 2 +-
> >> >> >  1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)
> >> >> >
> >> >> > diff --git a/include/linux/ioport.h b/include/linux/ioport.h
> >> >> > index 589e0e7..3314843 100644
> >> >> > --- a/include/linux/ioport.h
> >> >> > +++ b/include/linux/ioport.h
> >> >> > @@ -102,7 +102,7 @@ struct resource {
> >> >> >
> >> >> >  /* PCI control bits.  Shares IORESOURCE_BITS with above PCI ROM.  */
> >> >> >  #define IORESOURCE_PCI_FIXED           (1<<4)  /* Do not move resource */
> >> >> > -
> >> >> > +#define IORESOURCE_PCI_CS              (1<<5)  /* PCI configuration space */
> >> >>
> >> >> What is the purpose of this?  It seems that you are marking regions
> >> >> that we call MMCONFIG on x86, or ECAM-type regions in the language of
> >> >> the PCIe spec.  I see that you set it in several places, but I don't
> >> >> see anything that ever looks for it.  Do you have plans to use it in
> >> >> the future?  If it really does correspond to MMCONFIG/ECAM, we should
> >> >> handle those regions consistently across all architectures.
> >> >
> >> > The purpose is ultimately to obtain the MMCONFIG/ECAM resources assigned
> >> > to a PCI host controller. I've used this in the of_pci_parse_ranges()
> >> > and in the static board setup code to mark ranges as such. Perhaps
> >> > IORESOURCE_ECAM or IORESOURCE_MMCONFIG might have been better names. I
> >> > also just noticed that I'm not using this anywhere, but the plan was to
> >> > eventually use it with platform_get_resource(). However that doesn't
> >> > seem to work either because the lower bits of the flags aren't use for
> >> > comparison in that function.
> >> >
> >> > Any other ideas how that could be handled? Basically what I need is a
> >> > way to mark a resource as an MMCONFIG/ECAM range so that it can be used
> >> > to program the PCI host controller accordingly. I don't know how these
> >> > are assigned on x86. I was under the impression that the MMCONFIG/ECAM
> >> > space was accessed through a single single address/data register pair.
> >>
> >> The legacy config access mechanism (CF8h/CFCh registers described in
> >> PCI 3.0 spec sec 3.2.2.3.2) is a single address/data pair, but this is
> >> mostly x86-specific.  The ECAM mechanism (described in the PCIe 3.0
> >> spec sec 7.2.2) is not a single address/data pair; instead, each byte
> >> of config space is directly mapped into the host's MMIO space.
> >>
> >> Here's what we do on x86 (omitting some historical grunge that
> >> complicates things):
> >>
> >>   - Discover the host bridge via a PNP0A08 device in the ACPI namespace.
> >>   - Discover the bus number range behind the bridge using a _CRS
> >> method in the PNP0A08 device.
> >>   - Discover the ECAM space for those buses via a _CBA method in the
> >> PNP0A08 device.
> >>   - Tell the config accessors (struct pci_ops) that the ECAM space for
> >> buses A-B is at address X.
> >>   - Enumerate the devices behind the host bridge by calling
> >> pci_scan_root_bus(), passing the config accessors.
> >>
> >> It sounds like you want a way to parse the resources at one point,
> >> saving them and marking the ECAM region, then at a later point, look
> >> up the ECAM from a saved list.  We don't do that on x86 because the
> >> config accessors keep an internal list of the ECAM area for each bus.
> >>
> >> We do of course want to put this ECAM space in the IORESOURCE_MEM tree
> >> because it consumes address space and we have to make sure we don't
> >> put anything else on top of it.  But we don't have any reason to
> >> describe the MMIO -> config space function in that tree.  From the
> >> point of view of the rest of the system, it's just MMIO space that's
> >> consumed by the PCI host bridge, just like any other device-specific
> >> MMIO area.
> >
> > What I currently do is pass the ECAM space as a resource to the PCI host
> > bridge platform device. Regular and extended configuration spaces are
> > given by the third and fourth resources, respectively. If I understand
> > correctly, you're saying that nothing beyond that needs to be encoded.
> > In other words it is enough for the PCI host bridge driver to know where
> > to take the data from.
> 
> Yes, I think so.
> 
> I'd like to someday make ECAM support generic, since it's specified by
> the PCIe spec.  The spec doesn't differentiate between PCI
> configuration space (offsets 0-0xff) and PCI Express *extended*
> configuration space (offsets 0x100-0xfff).  But it sounds like Tegra
> might have a memory-mapped configuration mechanism that is similar to
> ECAM but with a different address map, since you mention two resources
> (third and fourth).  That's not a problem, since you're doing a
> Tegra-specific solution right now anyway, but something to keep in the
> back of your mind if we ever do make a generic ECAM solution.

Something that's kept me wondering is why there actually need to be two
separate regions. Since the extended configuration space is a superset
of the regular configuration space it should be possible to access the
regular registers via the extended configuration space as well.

Stephen: Could you try to find out whether the regular configuration
space translation can just be omitted if we already set up the one for
the extended configuration space? In tegra_pcie_setup_translations(),
BAR 0 is setup for regular configuration space (which requires a 16 MiB
region), while BAR 1 is setup for the extended configuration space
(requiring a full 256 MiB region). However, if I understand correctly,
each of the registers that can be accessed via the BAR 0 translation can
also be accessed via the BAR 1 translation. That seems like we're
wasting the 16 MiB set aside for the BAR 0 mapping.

> > I'll have to see what this means for the DT binding. There are other
> > issues that I need to think about, like for example how to pass the ECAM
> > space from the PCI host controller to each of the two bridges via the
> > ranges property. This no longer makes sense in the current form, as the
> > ECAM covers the configuration spaces for devices of both bridges and
> > cannot really be split among them.
> 
> We have the same situation on x86.  Part of the historical grunge that
> I omitted is that there's a static ACPI table (MCFG) that can tell you
> the ECAM range for a bus number range.  Often that bus number range
> includes several host bridges.  On x86, we have a single set of ECAM
> config accessors (see pci_mmcfg), and they maintain a list of "bus
> number -> ECAM addr" mappings internally, independent of which host
> bridge leads to the buses.

That's very similar to how things work on Tegra. Configuration space
accesses to the host bridges are done via their respective memory-mapped
register spaces. All other accesses use either the BAR 0 or BAR 1
translations as I described above. These translations however are unique
and only a single set of accessors are provided.

Given that and what I said in the other mail about the implementation of
ECAM on Tegra any CS range we pass to the host bridges via the DT ranges
property is actually wrong.

Thierry
Stephen Warren - Aug. 16, 2012, 3:18 p.m.
On 08/15/2012 12:49 AM, Thierry Reding wrote:
...
> Stephen: Could you try to find out whether the regular
> configuration space translation can just be omitted if we already
> set up the one for the extended configuration space? In
> tegra_pcie_setup_translations(), BAR 0 is setup for regular
> configuration space (which requires a 16 MiB region), while BAR 1
> is setup for the extended configuration space (requiring a full 256
> MiB region). However, if I understand correctly, each of the
> registers that can be accessed via the BAR 0 translation can also
> be accessed via the BAR 1 translation. That seems like we're 
> wasting the 16 MiB set aside for the BAR 0 mapping.

I have confirmed that in theory, the EXTCFG space can indeed be used
to access any register, making the regular config space redundant.
However, using the HW this way has apparently received less validation.
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Thierry Reding - Aug. 16, 2012, 6:27 p.m.
On Thu, Aug 16, 2012 at 09:18:20AM -0600, Stephen Warren wrote:
> On 08/15/2012 12:49 AM, Thierry Reding wrote:
> ...
> > Stephen: Could you try to find out whether the regular
> > configuration space translation can just be omitted if we already
> > set up the one for the extended configuration space? In
> > tegra_pcie_setup_translations(), BAR 0 is setup for regular
> > configuration space (which requires a 16 MiB region), while BAR 1
> > is setup for the extended configuration space (requiring a full 256
> > MiB region). However, if I understand correctly, each of the
> > registers that can be accessed via the BAR 0 translation can also
> > be accessed via the BAR 1 translation. That seems like we're 
> > wasting the 16 MiB set aside for the BAR 0 mapping.
> 
> I have confirmed that in theory, the EXTCFG space can indeed be used
> to access any register, making the regular config space redundant.
> However, using the HW this way has apparently received less validation.

Okay. I wasn't expecting anything else really. I'll give this a try next
time I get my hands on some Tegra hardware. If that works maybe we
should make up for the missing validation by testing this more
thoroughly.

Thierry

Patch

diff --git a/include/linux/ioport.h b/include/linux/ioport.h
index 589e0e7..3314843 100644
--- a/include/linux/ioport.h
+++ b/include/linux/ioport.h
@@ -102,7 +102,7 @@  struct resource {
 
 /* PCI control bits.  Shares IORESOURCE_BITS with above PCI ROM.  */
 #define IORESOURCE_PCI_FIXED		(1<<4)	/* Do not move resource */
-
+#define IORESOURCE_PCI_CS		(1<<5)	/* PCI configuration space */
 
 /* helpers to define resources */
 #define DEFINE_RES_NAMED(_start, _size, _name, _flags)			\