Patchwork [v3,2/2] Add rate limiting of RTC_CHANGE, BALLOON_CHANGE & WATCHDOG events

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Submitter Daniel P. Berrange
Date June 14, 2012, 5:12 p.m.
Message ID <1339693977-7397-3-git-send-email-berrange@redhat.com>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/164973/
State New
Headers show

Comments

Daniel P. Berrange - June 14, 2012, 5:12 p.m.
From: "Daniel P. Berrange" <berrange@redhat.com>

Allow certain event types to be rate limited to avoid flooding
monitor clients. The monitor_protocol_event() method is changed
such that instead of immediately emitting the event to Monitor
instances, it will call a new monitor_protocol_event_queue()
method.

This will check to see if the rate limit for the event has been
exceeded, and if so schedule a timer to wakeup at the end of the
rate limit period. If further events arrive before the timer fires,
the previously queued event will be discarded in favour of the new
event. The event will eventually be emitted when the timer fires.

This logic is applied to RTC_CHANGE, BALLOON_CHANGE & WATCHDOG
events, since the data associated with these events is stateless

 * monitor.c: Add support for rate limiting
 * monitor.h: Define monitor_global_init for one-time setup tasks
 * vl.c: Invoke monitor_global_init
 * trace-events: Add hooks for monitor event tracing

Signed-off-by: Daniel P. Berrange <berrange@redhat.com>
---
 monitor.c    |  158 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
 trace-events |    5 ++
 2 files changed, 157 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)

Patch

diff --git a/monitor.c b/monitor.c
index 75fd4cf..f6107ba 100644
--- a/monitor.c
+++ b/monitor.c
@@ -66,6 +66,7 @@ 
 #include "memory.h"
 #include "qmp-commands.h"
 #include "hmp.h"
+#include "qemu-thread.h"
 
 /* for pic/irq_info */
 #if defined(TARGET_SPARC)
@@ -145,6 +146,19 @@  typedef struct MonitorControl {
     int command_mode;
 } MonitorControl;
 
+/*
+ * To prevent flooding clients, events can be throttled. The
+ * throttling is calculated globally, rather than per-Monitor
+ * instance.
+ */
+typedef struct MonitorEventState {
+    MonitorEvent event; /* Event being tracked */
+    int64_t rate;       /* Period over which to throttle. 0 to disable */
+    int64_t last;       /* Time at which event was last emitted */
+    QEMUTimer *timer;   /* Timer for handling delayed events */
+    QObject *data;      /* Event pending delayed dispatch */
+} MonitorEventState;
+
 struct Monitor {
     CharDriverState *chr;
     int mux_out;
@@ -447,6 +461,141 @@  static const char *monitor_event_names[] = {
 };
 QEMU_BUILD_BUG_ON(ARRAY_SIZE(monitor_event_names) != QEVENT_MAX)
 
+MonitorEventState monitor_event_state[QEVENT_MAX];
+QemuMutex monitor_event_state_lock;
+
+/*
+ * Emits the event to every monitor instance
+ */
+static void
+monitor_protocol_event_emit(MonitorEvent event,
+                            QObject *data)
+{
+    Monitor *mon;
+
+    trace_monitor_protocol_event_emit(event, data);
+    QLIST_FOREACH(mon, &mon_list, entry) {
+        if (monitor_ctrl_mode(mon) && qmp_cmd_mode(mon)) {
+            monitor_json_emitter(mon, data);
+        }
+    }
+}
+
+
+/*
+ * Queue a new event for emission to Monitor instances,
+ * applying any rate limiting if required.
+ */
+static void
+monitor_protocol_event_queue(MonitorEvent event,
+                             QObject *data)
+{
+    MonitorEventState *evstate;
+    int64_t now = qemu_get_clock_ns(rt_clock);
+    assert(event < QEVENT_MAX);
+
+    qemu_mutex_lock(&monitor_event_state_lock);
+    evstate = &(monitor_event_state[event]);
+    trace_monitor_protocol_event_queue(event,
+                                       data,
+                                       evstate->rate,
+                                       evstate->last,
+                                       now);
+
+    /* Rate limit of 0 indicates no throttling */
+    if (!evstate->rate) {
+        monitor_protocol_event_emit(event, data);
+        evstate->last = now;
+    } else {
+        int64_t delta = now - evstate->last;
+        if (evstate->data ||
+            delta < evstate->rate) {
+            /* If there's an existing event pending, replace
+             * it with the new event, otherwise schedule a
+             * timer for delayed emission
+             */
+            if (evstate->data) {
+                qobject_decref(evstate->data);
+            } else {
+                int64_t then = evstate->last + evstate->rate;
+                qemu_mod_timer_ns(evstate->timer, then);
+            }
+            evstate->data = data;
+            qobject_incref(evstate->data);
+        } else {
+            monitor_protocol_event_emit(event, data);
+            evstate->last = now;
+        }
+    }
+    qemu_mutex_unlock(&monitor_event_state_lock);
+}
+
+
+/*
+ * The callback invoked by QemuTimer when a delayed
+ * event is ready to be emitted
+ */
+static void monitor_protocol_event_handler(void *opaque)
+{
+    MonitorEventState *evstate = opaque;
+    int64_t now = qemu_get_clock_ns(rt_clock);
+
+    qemu_mutex_lock(&monitor_event_state_lock);
+
+    trace_monitor_protocol_event_handler(evstate->event,
+                                         evstate->data,
+                                         evstate->last,
+                                         now);
+    if (evstate->data) {
+        monitor_protocol_event_emit(evstate->event, evstate->data);
+        qobject_decref(evstate->data);
+        evstate->data = NULL;
+    }
+    evstate->last = now;
+    qemu_mutex_unlock(&monitor_event_state_lock);
+}
+
+
+/*
+ * @event: the event ID to be limited
+ * @rate: the rate limit in milliseconds
+ *
+ * Sets a rate limit on a particular event, so no
+ * more than 1 event will be emitted within @rate
+ * milliseconds
+ */
+static void
+monitor_protocol_event_throttle(MonitorEvent event,
+                                int64_t rate)
+{
+    MonitorEventState *evstate;
+    assert(event < QEVENT_MAX);
+
+    evstate = &(monitor_event_state[event]);
+
+    trace_monitor_protocol_event_throttle(event, rate);
+    evstate->event = event;
+    evstate->rate = rate * SCALE_MS;
+    evstate->timer = qemu_new_timer(rt_clock,
+                                    SCALE_MS,
+                                    monitor_protocol_event_handler,
+                                    evstate);
+    evstate->last = 0;
+    evstate->data = NULL;
+}
+
+
+/* Global, one-time initializer to configure the rate limiting
+ * and initialize state */
+static void monitor_protocol_event_init(void)
+{
+    qemu_mutex_init(&monitor_event_state_lock);
+    /* Limit RTC & BALLOON events to 1 per second */
+    monitor_protocol_event_throttle(QEVENT_RTC_CHANGE, 1000);
+    monitor_protocol_event_throttle(QEVENT_BALLOON_CHANGE, 1000);
+    monitor_protocol_event_throttle(QEVENT_WATCHDOG, 1000);
+}
+
 /**
  * monitor_protocol_event(): Generate a Monitor event
  *
@@ -456,7 +605,6 @@  void monitor_protocol_event(MonitorEvent event, QObject *data)
 {
     QDict *qmp;
     const char *event_name;
-    Monitor *mon;
 
     assert(event < QEVENT_MAX);
 
@@ -471,11 +619,8 @@  void monitor_protocol_event(MonitorEvent event, QObject *data)
         qdict_put_obj(qmp, "data", data);
     }
 
-    QLIST_FOREACH(mon, &mon_list, entry) {
-        if (monitor_ctrl_mode(mon) && qmp_cmd_mode(mon)) {
-            monitor_json_emitter(mon, QOBJECT(qmp));
-        }
-    }
+    trace_monitor_protocol_event(event, event_name, qmp);
+    monitor_protocol_event_queue(event, QOBJECT(qmp));
     QDECREF(qmp);
 }
 
@@ -4571,6 +4716,7 @@  void monitor_init(CharDriverState *chr, int flags)
 
     if (is_first_init) {
         key_timer = qemu_new_timer_ns(vm_clock, release_keys, NULL);
+        monitor_protocol_event_init();
         is_first_init = 0;
     }
 
diff --git a/trace-events b/trace-events
index f70523c..5c82b3a 100644
--- a/trace-events
+++ b/trace-events
@@ -677,6 +677,11 @@  esp_mem_writeb_cmd_ensel(uint32_t val) "Enable selection (%2.2x)"
 # monitor.c
 handle_qmp_command(void *mon, const char *cmd_name) "mon %p cmd_name \"%s\""
 monitor_protocol_emitter(void *mon) "mon %p"
+monitor_protocol_event(uint32_t event, const char *evname, void *data) "event=%d name \"%s\" data %p"
+monitor_protocol_event_handler(uint32_t event, void *data, uint64_t last, uint64_t now) "event=%d data=%p last=%" PRId64 " now=%" PRId64
+monitor_protocol_event_emit(uint32_t event, void *data) "event=%d data=%p"
+monitor_protocol_event_queue(uint32_t event, void *data, uint64_t rate, uint64_t last, uint64_t now) "event=%d data=%p rate=%" PRId64 " last=%" PRId64 " now=%" PRId64
+monitor_protocol_event_throttle(uint32_t event, uint64_t rate) "event=%d rate=%" PRId64
 
 # hw/opencores_eth.c
 open_eth_mii_write(unsigned idx, uint16_t v) "MII[%02x] <- %04x"