Patchwork [24/25] x86: avoid AREG0 in segmentation helpers

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Submitter Blue Swirl
Date June 9, 2012, 4:19 p.m.
Message ID <2f2323b863f50615be16b6936c2e90df905416bb.1339258554.git.blauwirbel@gmail.com>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/163953/
State New
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Blue Swirl - June 9, 2012, 4:19 p.m.
Add an explicit CPUX86State parameter instead of relying on AREG0.

Rename remains of op_helper.c to seg_helper.c.

Signed-off-by: Blue Swirl <blauwirbel@gmail.com>
---
 target-i386/Makefile.objs |    7 +-
 target-i386/helper.h      |   38 +-
 target-i386/op_helper.c   | 2478 ---------------------------------------------
 target-i386/seg_helper.c  | 2467 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 target-i386/translate.c   |   54 +-
 5 files changed, 2517 insertions(+), 2527 deletions(-)
 delete mode 100644 target-i386/op_helper.c
 create mode 100644 target-i386/seg_helper.c

Patch

diff --git a/target-i386/Makefile.objs b/target-i386/Makefile.objs
index 7d97f4f..0f40b6e 100644
--- a/target-i386/Makefile.objs
+++ b/target-i386/Makefile.objs
@@ -1,10 +1,9 @@ 
-obj-y += translate.o op_helper.o helper.o cpu.o
+obj-y += translate.o helper.o cpu.o
 obj-y += excp_helper.o fpu_helper.o cc_helper.o int_helper.o svm_helper.o
-obj-y += smm_helper.o misc_helper.o mem_helper.o
+obj-y += smm_helper.o misc_helper.o mem_helper.o seg_helper.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_SOFTMMU) += machine.o arch_memory_mapping.o arch_dump.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_KVM) += kvm.o hyperv.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_LINUX_USER) += ioport-user.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_BSD_USER) += ioport-user.o
 
-$(obj)/op_helper.o: QEMU_CFLAGS += $(HELPER_CFLAGS)
-$(obj)/mem_helper.o: QEMU_CFLAGS += $(HELPER_CFLAGS)
+$(obj)/seg_helper.o: QEMU_CFLAGS += $(HELPER_CFLAGS)
diff --git a/target-i386/helper.h b/target-i386/helper.h
index 9a9c064..0f02103 100644
--- a/target-i386/helper.h
+++ b/target-i386/helper.h
@@ -28,19 +28,19 @@  DEF_HELPER_1(aas, void, env)
 DEF_HELPER_1(daa, void, env)
 DEF_HELPER_1(das, void, env)
 
-DEF_HELPER_1(lsl, tl, tl)
-DEF_HELPER_1(lar, tl, tl)
-DEF_HELPER_1(verr, void, tl)
-DEF_HELPER_1(verw, void, tl)
-DEF_HELPER_1(lldt, void, int)
-DEF_HELPER_1(ltr, void, int)
-DEF_HELPER_2(load_seg, void, int, int)
-DEF_HELPER_3(ljmp_protected, void, int, tl, int)
-DEF_HELPER_4(lcall_real, void, int, tl, int, int)
-DEF_HELPER_4(lcall_protected, void, int, tl, int, int)
-DEF_HELPER_1(iret_real, void, int)
-DEF_HELPER_2(iret_protected, void, int, int)
-DEF_HELPER_2(lret_protected, void, int, int)
+DEF_HELPER_2(lsl, tl, env, tl)
+DEF_HELPER_2(lar, tl, env, tl)
+DEF_HELPER_2(verr, void, env, tl)
+DEF_HELPER_2(verw, void, env, tl)
+DEF_HELPER_2(lldt, void, env, int)
+DEF_HELPER_2(ltr, void, env, int)
+DEF_HELPER_3(load_seg, void, env, int, int)
+DEF_HELPER_4(ljmp_protected, void, env, int, tl, int)
+DEF_HELPER_5(lcall_real, void, env, int, tl, int, int)
+DEF_HELPER_5(lcall_protected, void, env, int, tl, int, int)
+DEF_HELPER_2(iret_real, void, env, int)
+DEF_HELPER_3(iret_protected, void, env, int, int)
+DEF_HELPER_3(lret_protected, void, env, int, int)
 DEF_HELPER_2(read_crN, tl, env, int)
 DEF_HELPER_3(write_crN, void, env, int, tl)
 DEF_HELPER_2(lmsw, void, env, tl)
@@ -48,15 +48,15 @@  DEF_HELPER_1(clts, void, env)
 DEF_HELPER_3(movl_drN_T0, void, env, int, tl)
 DEF_HELPER_2(invlpg, void, env, tl)
 
-DEF_HELPER_3(enter_level, void, int, int, tl)
+DEF_HELPER_4(enter_level, void, env, int, int, tl)
 #ifdef TARGET_X86_64
-DEF_HELPER_3(enter64_level, void, int, int, tl)
+DEF_HELPER_4(enter64_level, void, env, int, int, tl)
 #endif
-DEF_HELPER_0(sysenter, void)
-DEF_HELPER_1(sysexit, void, int)
+DEF_HELPER_1(sysenter, void, env)
+DEF_HELPER_2(sysexit, void, env, int)
 #ifdef TARGET_X86_64
-DEF_HELPER_1(syscall, void, int)
-DEF_HELPER_1(sysret, void, int)
+DEF_HELPER_2(syscall, void, env, int)
+DEF_HELPER_2(sysret, void, env, int)
 #endif
 DEF_HELPER_2(hlt, void, env, int)
 DEF_HELPER_2(monitor, void, env, tl)
diff --git a/target-i386/op_helper.c b/target-i386/op_helper.c
deleted file mode 100644
index f5dcf01..0000000
--- a/target-i386/op_helper.c
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,2478 +0,0 @@ 
-/*
- *  x86 segmentation related helpers:
- *  TSS, interrupts, system calls, jumps and call/task gates, descriptors
- *
- *  Copyright (c) 2003 Fabrice Bellard
- *
- * This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
- * modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
- * License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
- * version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
- *
- * This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
- * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
- * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
- * Lesser General Public License for more details.
- *
- * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
- * License along with this library; if not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
- */
-
-#include "cpu.h"
-#include "dyngen-exec.h"
-#include "qemu-log.h"
-#include "helper.h"
-
-//#define DEBUG_PCALL
-
-#ifdef DEBUG_PCALL
-# define LOG_PCALL(...) qemu_log_mask(CPU_LOG_PCALL, ## __VA_ARGS__)
-# define LOG_PCALL_STATE(env)                                  \
-    log_cpu_state_mask(CPU_LOG_PCALL, (env), X86_DUMP_CCOP)
-#else
-# define LOG_PCALL(...) do { } while (0)
-# define LOG_PCALL_STATE(env) do { } while (0)
-#endif
-
-/* return non zero if error */
-static inline int load_segment(uint32_t *e1_ptr, uint32_t *e2_ptr,
-                               int selector)
-{
-    SegmentCache *dt;
-    int index;
-    target_ulong ptr;
-
-    if (selector & 0x4) {
-        dt = &env->ldt;
-    } else {
-        dt = &env->gdt;
-    }
-    index = selector & ~7;
-    if ((index + 7) > dt->limit) {
-        return -1;
-    }
-    ptr = dt->base + index;
-    *e1_ptr = cpu_ldl_kernel(env, ptr);
-    *e2_ptr = cpu_ldl_kernel(env, ptr + 4);
-    return 0;
-}
-
-static inline unsigned int get_seg_limit(uint32_t e1, uint32_t e2)
-{
-    unsigned int limit;
-
-    limit = (e1 & 0xffff) | (e2 & 0x000f0000);
-    if (e2 & DESC_G_MASK) {
-        limit = (limit << 12) | 0xfff;
-    }
-    return limit;
-}
-
-static inline uint32_t get_seg_base(uint32_t e1, uint32_t e2)
-{
-    return (e1 >> 16) | ((e2 & 0xff) << 16) | (e2 & 0xff000000);
-}
-
-static inline void load_seg_cache_raw_dt(SegmentCache *sc, uint32_t e1,
-                                         uint32_t e2)
-{
-    sc->base = get_seg_base(e1, e2);
-    sc->limit = get_seg_limit(e1, e2);
-    sc->flags = e2;
-}
-
-/* init the segment cache in vm86 mode. */
-static inline void load_seg_vm(int seg, int selector)
-{
-    selector &= 0xffff;
-    cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, seg, selector,
-                           (selector << 4), 0xffff, 0);
-}
-
-static inline void get_ss_esp_from_tss(uint32_t *ss_ptr,
-                                       uint32_t *esp_ptr, int dpl)
-{
-    int type, index, shift;
-
-#if 0
-    {
-        int i;
-        printf("TR: base=%p limit=%x\n", env->tr.base, env->tr.limit);
-        for (i = 0; i < env->tr.limit; i++) {
-            printf("%02x ", env->tr.base[i]);
-            if ((i & 7) == 7) {
-                printf("\n");
-            }
-        }
-        printf("\n");
-    }
-#endif
-
-    if (!(env->tr.flags & DESC_P_MASK)) {
-        cpu_abort(env, "invalid tss");
-    }
-    type = (env->tr.flags >> DESC_TYPE_SHIFT) & 0xf;
-    if ((type & 7) != 1) {
-        cpu_abort(env, "invalid tss type");
-    }
-    shift = type >> 3;
-    index = (dpl * 4 + 2) << shift;
-    if (index + (4 << shift) - 1 > env->tr.limit) {
-        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0A_TSS, env->tr.selector & 0xfffc);
-    }
-    if (shift == 0) {
-        *esp_ptr = cpu_lduw_kernel(env, env->tr.base + index);
-        *ss_ptr = cpu_lduw_kernel(env, env->tr.base + index + 2);
-    } else {
-        *esp_ptr = cpu_ldl_kernel(env, env->tr.base + index);
-        *ss_ptr = cpu_lduw_kernel(env, env->tr.base + index + 4);
-    }
-}
-
-/* XXX: merge with load_seg() */
-static void tss_load_seg(int seg_reg, int selector)
-{
-    uint32_t e1, e2;
-    int rpl, dpl, cpl;
-
-    if ((selector & 0xfffc) != 0) {
-        if (load_segment(&e1, &e2, selector) != 0) {
-            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0A_TSS, selector & 0xfffc);
-        }
-        if (!(e2 & DESC_S_MASK)) {
-            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0A_TSS, selector & 0xfffc);
-        }
-        rpl = selector & 3;
-        dpl = (e2 >> DESC_DPL_SHIFT) & 3;
-        cpl = env->hflags & HF_CPL_MASK;
-        if (seg_reg == R_CS) {
-            if (!(e2 & DESC_CS_MASK)) {
-                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0A_TSS, selector & 0xfffc);
-            }
-            /* XXX: is it correct? */
-            if (dpl != rpl) {
-                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0A_TSS, selector & 0xfffc);
-            }
-            if ((e2 & DESC_C_MASK) && dpl > rpl) {
-                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0A_TSS, selector & 0xfffc);
-            }
-        } else if (seg_reg == R_SS) {
-            /* SS must be writable data */
-            if ((e2 & DESC_CS_MASK) || !(e2 & DESC_W_MASK)) {
-                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0A_TSS, selector & 0xfffc);
-            }
-            if (dpl != cpl || dpl != rpl) {
-                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0A_TSS, selector & 0xfffc);
-            }
-        } else {
-            /* not readable code */
-            if ((e2 & DESC_CS_MASK) && !(e2 & DESC_R_MASK)) {
-                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0A_TSS, selector & 0xfffc);
-            }
-            /* if data or non conforming code, checks the rights */
-            if (((e2 >> DESC_TYPE_SHIFT) & 0xf) < 12) {
-                if (dpl < cpl || dpl < rpl) {
-                    raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0A_TSS, selector & 0xfffc);
-                }
-            }
-        }
-        if (!(e2 & DESC_P_MASK)) {
-            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0B_NOSEG, selector & 0xfffc);
-        }
-        cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, seg_reg, selector,
-                               get_seg_base(e1, e2),
-                               get_seg_limit(e1, e2),
-                               e2);
-    } else {
-        if (seg_reg == R_SS || seg_reg == R_CS) {
-            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0A_TSS, selector & 0xfffc);
-        }
-    }
-}
-
-#define SWITCH_TSS_JMP  0
-#define SWITCH_TSS_IRET 1
-#define SWITCH_TSS_CALL 2
-
-/* XXX: restore CPU state in registers (PowerPC case) */
-static void switch_tss(int tss_selector,
-                       uint32_t e1, uint32_t e2, int source,
-                       uint32_t next_eip)
-{
-    int tss_limit, tss_limit_max, type, old_tss_limit_max, old_type, v1, v2, i;
-    target_ulong tss_base;
-    uint32_t new_regs[8], new_segs[6];
-    uint32_t new_eflags, new_eip, new_cr3, new_ldt, new_trap;
-    uint32_t old_eflags, eflags_mask;
-    SegmentCache *dt;
-    int index;
-    target_ulong ptr;
-
-    type = (e2 >> DESC_TYPE_SHIFT) & 0xf;
-    LOG_PCALL("switch_tss: sel=0x%04x type=%d src=%d\n", tss_selector, type,
-              source);
-
-    /* if task gate, we read the TSS segment and we load it */
-    if (type == 5) {
-        if (!(e2 & DESC_P_MASK)) {
-            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0B_NOSEG, tss_selector & 0xfffc);
-        }
-        tss_selector = e1 >> 16;
-        if (tss_selector & 4) {
-            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0A_TSS, tss_selector & 0xfffc);
-        }
-        if (load_segment(&e1, &e2, tss_selector) != 0) {
-            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, tss_selector & 0xfffc);
-        }
-        if (e2 & DESC_S_MASK) {
-            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, tss_selector & 0xfffc);
-        }
-        type = (e2 >> DESC_TYPE_SHIFT) & 0xf;
-        if ((type & 7) != 1) {
-            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, tss_selector & 0xfffc);
-        }
-    }
-
-    if (!(e2 & DESC_P_MASK)) {
-        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0B_NOSEG, tss_selector & 0xfffc);
-    }
-
-    if (type & 8) {
-        tss_limit_max = 103;
-    } else {
-        tss_limit_max = 43;
-    }
-    tss_limit = get_seg_limit(e1, e2);
-    tss_base = get_seg_base(e1, e2);
-    if ((tss_selector & 4) != 0 ||
-        tss_limit < tss_limit_max) {
-        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0A_TSS, tss_selector & 0xfffc);
-    }
-    old_type = (env->tr.flags >> DESC_TYPE_SHIFT) & 0xf;
-    if (old_type & 8) {
-        old_tss_limit_max = 103;
-    } else {
-        old_tss_limit_max = 43;
-    }
-
-    /* read all the registers from the new TSS */
-    if (type & 8) {
-        /* 32 bit */
-        new_cr3 = cpu_ldl_kernel(env, tss_base + 0x1c);
-        new_eip = cpu_ldl_kernel(env, tss_base + 0x20);
-        new_eflags = cpu_ldl_kernel(env, tss_base + 0x24);
-        for (i = 0; i < 8; i++) {
-            new_regs[i] = cpu_ldl_kernel(env, tss_base + (0x28 + i * 4));
-        }
-        for (i = 0; i < 6; i++) {
-            new_segs[i] = cpu_lduw_kernel(env, tss_base + (0x48 + i * 4));
-        }
-        new_ldt = cpu_lduw_kernel(env, tss_base + 0x60);
-        new_trap = cpu_ldl_kernel(env, tss_base + 0x64);
-    } else {
-        /* 16 bit */
-        new_cr3 = 0;
-        new_eip = cpu_lduw_kernel(env, tss_base + 0x0e);
-        new_eflags = cpu_lduw_kernel(env, tss_base + 0x10);
-        for (i = 0; i < 8; i++) {
-            new_regs[i] = cpu_lduw_kernel(env, tss_base + (0x12 + i * 2)) |
-                0xffff0000;
-        }
-        for (i = 0; i < 4; i++) {
-            new_segs[i] = cpu_lduw_kernel(env, tss_base + (0x22 + i * 4));
-        }
-        new_ldt = cpu_lduw_kernel(env, tss_base + 0x2a);
-        new_segs[R_FS] = 0;
-        new_segs[R_GS] = 0;
-        new_trap = 0;
-    }
-    /* XXX: avoid a compiler warning, see
-     http://support.amd.com/us/Processor_TechDocs/24593.pdf
-     chapters 12.2.5 and 13.2.4 on how to implement TSS Trap bit */
-    (void)new_trap;
-
-    /* NOTE: we must avoid memory exceptions during the task switch,
-       so we make dummy accesses before */
-    /* XXX: it can still fail in some cases, so a bigger hack is
-       necessary to valid the TLB after having done the accesses */
-
-    v1 = cpu_ldub_kernel(env, env->tr.base);
-    v2 = cpu_ldub_kernel(env, env->tr.base + old_tss_limit_max);
-    cpu_stb_kernel(env, env->tr.base, v1);
-    cpu_stb_kernel(env, env->tr.base + old_tss_limit_max, v2);
-
-    /* clear busy bit (it is restartable) */
-    if (source == SWITCH_TSS_JMP || source == SWITCH_TSS_IRET) {
-        target_ulong ptr;
-        uint32_t e2;
-
-        ptr = env->gdt.base + (env->tr.selector & ~7);
-        e2 = cpu_ldl_kernel(env, ptr + 4);
-        e2 &= ~DESC_TSS_BUSY_MASK;
-        cpu_stl_kernel(env, ptr + 4, e2);
-    }
-    old_eflags = cpu_compute_eflags(env);
-    if (source == SWITCH_TSS_IRET) {
-        old_eflags &= ~NT_MASK;
-    }
-
-    /* save the current state in the old TSS */
-    if (type & 8) {
-        /* 32 bit */
-        cpu_stl_kernel(env, env->tr.base + 0x20, next_eip);
-        cpu_stl_kernel(env, env->tr.base + 0x24, old_eflags);
-        cpu_stl_kernel(env, env->tr.base + (0x28 + 0 * 4), EAX);
-        cpu_stl_kernel(env, env->tr.base + (0x28 + 1 * 4), ECX);
-        cpu_stl_kernel(env, env->tr.base + (0x28 + 2 * 4), EDX);
-        cpu_stl_kernel(env, env->tr.base + (0x28 + 3 * 4), EBX);
-        cpu_stl_kernel(env, env->tr.base + (0x28 + 4 * 4), ESP);
-        cpu_stl_kernel(env, env->tr.base + (0x28 + 5 * 4), EBP);
-        cpu_stl_kernel(env, env->tr.base + (0x28 + 6 * 4), ESI);
-        cpu_stl_kernel(env, env->tr.base + (0x28 + 7 * 4), EDI);
-        for (i = 0; i < 6; i++) {
-            cpu_stw_kernel(env, env->tr.base + (0x48 + i * 4),
-                           env->segs[i].selector);
-        }
-    } else {
-        /* 16 bit */
-        cpu_stw_kernel(env, env->tr.base + 0x0e, next_eip);
-        cpu_stw_kernel(env, env->tr.base + 0x10, old_eflags);
-        cpu_stw_kernel(env, env->tr.base + (0x12 + 0 * 2), EAX);
-        cpu_stw_kernel(env, env->tr.base + (0x12 + 1 * 2), ECX);
-        cpu_stw_kernel(env, env->tr.base + (0x12 + 2 * 2), EDX);
-        cpu_stw_kernel(env, env->tr.base + (0x12 + 3 * 2), EBX);
-        cpu_stw_kernel(env, env->tr.base + (0x12 + 4 * 2), ESP);
-        cpu_stw_kernel(env, env->tr.base + (0x12 + 5 * 2), EBP);
-        cpu_stw_kernel(env, env->tr.base + (0x12 + 6 * 2), ESI);
-        cpu_stw_kernel(env, env->tr.base + (0x12 + 7 * 2), EDI);
-        for (i = 0; i < 4; i++) {
-            cpu_stw_kernel(env, env->tr.base + (0x22 + i * 4),
-                           env->segs[i].selector);
-        }
-    }
-
-    /* now if an exception occurs, it will occurs in the next task
-       context */
-
-    if (source == SWITCH_TSS_CALL) {
-        cpu_stw_kernel(env, tss_base, env->tr.selector);
-        new_eflags |= NT_MASK;
-    }
-
-    /* set busy bit */
-    if (source == SWITCH_TSS_JMP || source == SWITCH_TSS_CALL) {
-        target_ulong ptr;
-        uint32_t e2;
-
-        ptr = env->gdt.base + (tss_selector & ~7);
-        e2 = cpu_ldl_kernel(env, ptr + 4);
-        e2 |= DESC_TSS_BUSY_MASK;
-        cpu_stl_kernel(env, ptr + 4, e2);
-    }
-
-    /* set the new CPU state */
-    /* from this point, any exception which occurs can give problems */
-    env->cr[0] |= CR0_TS_MASK;
-    env->hflags |= HF_TS_MASK;
-    env->tr.selector = tss_selector;
-    env->tr.base = tss_base;
-    env->tr.limit = tss_limit;
-    env->tr.flags = e2 & ~DESC_TSS_BUSY_MASK;
-
-    if ((type & 8) && (env->cr[0] & CR0_PG_MASK)) {
-        cpu_x86_update_cr3(env, new_cr3);
-    }
-
-    /* load all registers without an exception, then reload them with
-       possible exception */
-    env->eip = new_eip;
-    eflags_mask = TF_MASK | AC_MASK | ID_MASK |
-        IF_MASK | IOPL_MASK | VM_MASK | RF_MASK | NT_MASK;
-    if (!(type & 8)) {
-        eflags_mask &= 0xffff;
-    }
-    cpu_load_eflags(env, new_eflags, eflags_mask);
-    /* XXX: what to do in 16 bit case? */
-    EAX = new_regs[0];
-    ECX = new_regs[1];
-    EDX = new_regs[2];
-    EBX = new_regs[3];
-    ESP = new_regs[4];
-    EBP = new_regs[5];
-    ESI = new_regs[6];
-    EDI = new_regs[7];
-    if (new_eflags & VM_MASK) {
-        for (i = 0; i < 6; i++) {
-            load_seg_vm(i, new_segs[i]);
-        }
-        /* in vm86, CPL is always 3 */
-        cpu_x86_set_cpl(env, 3);
-    } else {
-        /* CPL is set the RPL of CS */
-        cpu_x86_set_cpl(env, new_segs[R_CS] & 3);
-        /* first just selectors as the rest may trigger exceptions */
-        for (i = 0; i < 6; i++) {
-            cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, i, new_segs[i], 0, 0, 0);
-        }
-    }
-
-    env->ldt.selector = new_ldt & ~4;
-    env->ldt.base = 0;
-    env->ldt.limit = 0;
-    env->ldt.flags = 0;
-
-    /* load the LDT */
-    if (new_ldt & 4) {
-        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0A_TSS, new_ldt & 0xfffc);
-    }
-
-    if ((new_ldt & 0xfffc) != 0) {
-        dt = &env->gdt;
-        index = new_ldt & ~7;
-        if ((index + 7) > dt->limit) {
-            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0A_TSS, new_ldt & 0xfffc);
-        }
-        ptr = dt->base + index;
-        e1 = cpu_ldl_kernel(env, ptr);
-        e2 = cpu_ldl_kernel(env, ptr + 4);
-        if ((e2 & DESC_S_MASK) || ((e2 >> DESC_TYPE_SHIFT) & 0xf) != 2) {
-            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0A_TSS, new_ldt & 0xfffc);
-        }
-        if (!(e2 & DESC_P_MASK)) {
-            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0A_TSS, new_ldt & 0xfffc);
-        }
-        load_seg_cache_raw_dt(&env->ldt, e1, e2);
-    }
-
-    /* load the segments */
-    if (!(new_eflags & VM_MASK)) {
-        tss_load_seg(R_CS, new_segs[R_CS]);
-        tss_load_seg(R_SS, new_segs[R_SS]);
-        tss_load_seg(R_ES, new_segs[R_ES]);
-        tss_load_seg(R_DS, new_segs[R_DS]);
-        tss_load_seg(R_FS, new_segs[R_FS]);
-        tss_load_seg(R_GS, new_segs[R_GS]);
-    }
-
-    /* check that EIP is in the CS segment limits */
-    if (new_eip > env->segs[R_CS].limit) {
-        /* XXX: different exception if CALL? */
-        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, 0);
-    }
-
-#ifndef CONFIG_USER_ONLY
-    /* reset local breakpoints */
-    if (env->dr[7] & 0x55) {
-        for (i = 0; i < 4; i++) {
-            if (hw_breakpoint_enabled(env->dr[7], i) == 0x1) {
-                hw_breakpoint_remove(env, i);
-            }
-        }
-        env->dr[7] &= ~0x55;
-    }
-#endif
-}
-
-static inline unsigned int get_sp_mask(unsigned int e2)
-{
-    if (e2 & DESC_B_MASK) {
-        return 0xffffffff;
-    } else {
-        return 0xffff;
-    }
-}
-
-static int exception_has_error_code(int intno)
-{
-    switch (intno) {
-    case 8:
-    case 10:
-    case 11:
-    case 12:
-    case 13:
-    case 14:
-    case 17:
-        return 1;
-    }
-    return 0;
-}
-
-#ifdef TARGET_X86_64
-#define SET_ESP(val, sp_mask)                           \
-    do {                                                \
-        if ((sp_mask) == 0xffff) {                      \
-            ESP = (ESP & ~0xffff) | ((val) & 0xffff);   \
-        } else if ((sp_mask) == 0xffffffffLL) {         \
-            ESP = (uint32_t)(val);                      \
-        } else {                                        \
-            ESP = (val);                                \
-        }                                               \
-    } while (0)
-#else
-#define SET_ESP(val, sp_mask)                           \
-    do {                                                \
-        ESP = (ESP & ~(sp_mask)) | ((val) & (sp_mask)); \
-    } while (0)
-#endif
-
-/* in 64-bit machines, this can overflow. So this segment addition macro
- * can be used to trim the value to 32-bit whenever needed */
-#define SEG_ADDL(ssp, sp, sp_mask) ((uint32_t)((ssp) + (sp & (sp_mask))))
-
-/* XXX: add a is_user flag to have proper security support */
-#define PUSHW(ssp, sp, sp_mask, val)                             \
-    {                                                            \
-        sp -= 2;                                                 \
-        cpu_stw_kernel(env, (ssp) + (sp & (sp_mask)), (val));    \
-    }
-
-#define PUSHL(ssp, sp, sp_mask, val)                                    \
-    {                                                                   \
-        sp -= 4;                                                        \
-        cpu_stl_kernel(env, SEG_ADDL(ssp, sp, sp_mask), (uint32_t)(val)); \
-    }
-
-#define POPW(ssp, sp, sp_mask, val)                              \
-    {                                                            \
-        val = cpu_lduw_kernel(env, (ssp) + (sp & (sp_mask)));    \
-        sp += 2;                                                 \
-    }
-
-#define POPL(ssp, sp, sp_mask, val)                                     \
-    {                                                                   \
-        val = (uint32_t)cpu_ldl_kernel(env, SEG_ADDL(ssp, sp, sp_mask)); \
-        sp += 4;                                                        \
-    }
-
-/* protected mode interrupt */
-static void do_interrupt_protected(int intno, int is_int, int error_code,
-                                   unsigned int next_eip, int is_hw)
-{
-    SegmentCache *dt;
-    target_ulong ptr, ssp;
-    int type, dpl, selector, ss_dpl, cpl;
-    int has_error_code, new_stack, shift;
-    uint32_t e1, e2, offset, ss = 0, esp, ss_e1 = 0, ss_e2 = 0;
-    uint32_t old_eip, sp_mask;
-
-    has_error_code = 0;
-    if (!is_int && !is_hw) {
-        has_error_code = exception_has_error_code(intno);
-    }
-    if (is_int) {
-        old_eip = next_eip;
-    } else {
-        old_eip = env->eip;
-    }
-
-    dt = &env->idt;
-    if (intno * 8 + 7 > dt->limit) {
-        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, intno * 8 + 2);
-    }
-    ptr = dt->base + intno * 8;
-    e1 = cpu_ldl_kernel(env, ptr);
-    e2 = cpu_ldl_kernel(env, ptr + 4);
-    /* check gate type */
-    type = (e2 >> DESC_TYPE_SHIFT) & 0x1f;
-    switch (type) {
-    case 5: /* task gate */
-        /* must do that check here to return the correct error code */
-        if (!(e2 & DESC_P_MASK)) {
-            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0B_NOSEG, intno * 8 + 2);
-        }
-        switch_tss(intno * 8, e1, e2, SWITCH_TSS_CALL, old_eip);
-        if (has_error_code) {
-            int type;
-            uint32_t mask;
-
-            /* push the error code */
-            type = (env->tr.flags >> DESC_TYPE_SHIFT) & 0xf;
-            shift = type >> 3;
-            if (env->segs[R_SS].flags & DESC_B_MASK) {
-                mask = 0xffffffff;
-            } else {
-                mask = 0xffff;
-            }
-            esp = (ESP - (2 << shift)) & mask;
-            ssp = env->segs[R_SS].base + esp;
-            if (shift) {
-                cpu_stl_kernel(env, ssp, error_code);
-            } else {
-                cpu_stw_kernel(env, ssp, error_code);
-            }
-            SET_ESP(esp, mask);
-        }
-        return;
-    case 6: /* 286 interrupt gate */
-    case 7: /* 286 trap gate */
-    case 14: /* 386 interrupt gate */
-    case 15: /* 386 trap gate */
-        break;
-    default:
-        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, intno * 8 + 2);
-        break;
-    }
-    dpl = (e2 >> DESC_DPL_SHIFT) & 3;
-    cpl = env->hflags & HF_CPL_MASK;
-    /* check privilege if software int */
-    if (is_int && dpl < cpl) {
-        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, intno * 8 + 2);
-    }
-    /* check valid bit */
-    if (!(e2 & DESC_P_MASK)) {
-        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0B_NOSEG, intno * 8 + 2);
-    }
-    selector = e1 >> 16;
-    offset = (e2 & 0xffff0000) | (e1 & 0x0000ffff);
-    if ((selector & 0xfffc) == 0) {
-        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, 0);
-    }
-    if (load_segment(&e1, &e2, selector) != 0) {
-        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, selector & 0xfffc);
-    }
-    if (!(e2 & DESC_S_MASK) || !(e2 & (DESC_CS_MASK))) {
-        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, selector & 0xfffc);
-    }
-    dpl = (e2 >> DESC_DPL_SHIFT) & 3;
-    if (dpl > cpl) {
-        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, selector & 0xfffc);
-    }
-    if (!(e2 & DESC_P_MASK)) {
-        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0B_NOSEG, selector & 0xfffc);
-    }
-    if (!(e2 & DESC_C_MASK) && dpl < cpl) {
-        /* to inner privilege */
-        get_ss_esp_from_tss(&ss, &esp, dpl);
-        if ((ss & 0xfffc) == 0) {
-            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0A_TSS, ss & 0xfffc);
-        }
-        if ((ss & 3) != dpl) {
-            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0A_TSS, ss & 0xfffc);
-        }
-        if (load_segment(&ss_e1, &ss_e2, ss) != 0) {
-            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0A_TSS, ss & 0xfffc);
-        }
-        ss_dpl = (ss_e2 >> DESC_DPL_SHIFT) & 3;
-        if (ss_dpl != dpl) {
-            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0A_TSS, ss & 0xfffc);
-        }
-        if (!(ss_e2 & DESC_S_MASK) ||
-            (ss_e2 & DESC_CS_MASK) ||
-            !(ss_e2 & DESC_W_MASK)) {
-            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0A_TSS, ss & 0xfffc);
-        }
-        if (!(ss_e2 & DESC_P_MASK)) {
-            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0A_TSS, ss & 0xfffc);
-        }
-        new_stack = 1;
-        sp_mask = get_sp_mask(ss_e2);
-        ssp = get_seg_base(ss_e1, ss_e2);
-    } else if ((e2 & DESC_C_MASK) || dpl == cpl) {
-        /* to same privilege */
-        if (env->eflags & VM_MASK) {
-            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, selector & 0xfffc);
-        }
-        new_stack = 0;
-        sp_mask = get_sp_mask(env->segs[R_SS].flags);
-        ssp = env->segs[R_SS].base;
-        esp = ESP;
-        dpl = cpl;
-    } else {
-        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, selector & 0xfffc);
-        new_stack = 0; /* avoid warning */
-        sp_mask = 0; /* avoid warning */
-        ssp = 0; /* avoid warning */
-        esp = 0; /* avoid warning */
-    }
-
-    shift = type >> 3;
-
-#if 0
-    /* XXX: check that enough room is available */
-    push_size = 6 + (new_stack << 2) + (has_error_code << 1);
-    if (env->eflags & VM_MASK) {
-        push_size += 8;
-    }
-    push_size <<= shift;
-#endif
-    if (shift == 1) {
-        if (new_stack) {
-            if (env->eflags & VM_MASK) {
-                PUSHL(ssp, esp, sp_mask, env->segs[R_GS].selector);
-                PUSHL(ssp, esp, sp_mask, env->segs[R_FS].selector);
-                PUSHL(ssp, esp, sp_mask, env->segs[R_DS].selector);
-                PUSHL(ssp, esp, sp_mask, env->segs[R_ES].selector);
-            }
-            PUSHL(ssp, esp, sp_mask, env->segs[R_SS].selector);
-            PUSHL(ssp, esp, sp_mask, ESP);
-        }
-        PUSHL(ssp, esp, sp_mask, cpu_compute_eflags(env));
-        PUSHL(ssp, esp, sp_mask, env->segs[R_CS].selector);
-        PUSHL(ssp, esp, sp_mask, old_eip);
-        if (has_error_code) {
-            PUSHL(ssp, esp, sp_mask, error_code);
-        }
-    } else {
-        if (new_stack) {
-            if (env->eflags & VM_MASK) {
-                PUSHW(ssp, esp, sp_mask, env->segs[R_GS].selector);
-                PUSHW(ssp, esp, sp_mask, env->segs[R_FS].selector);
-                PUSHW(ssp, esp, sp_mask, env->segs[R_DS].selector);
-                PUSHW(ssp, esp, sp_mask, env->segs[R_ES].selector);
-            }
-            PUSHW(ssp, esp, sp_mask, env->segs[R_SS].selector);
-            PUSHW(ssp, esp, sp_mask, ESP);
-        }
-        PUSHW(ssp, esp, sp_mask, cpu_compute_eflags(env));
-        PUSHW(ssp, esp, sp_mask, env->segs[R_CS].selector);
-        PUSHW(ssp, esp, sp_mask, old_eip);
-        if (has_error_code) {
-            PUSHW(ssp, esp, sp_mask, error_code);
-        }
-    }
-
-    if (new_stack) {
-        if (env->eflags & VM_MASK) {
-            cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, R_ES, 0, 0, 0, 0);
-            cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, R_DS, 0, 0, 0, 0);
-            cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, R_FS, 0, 0, 0, 0);
-            cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, R_GS, 0, 0, 0, 0);
-        }
-        ss = (ss & ~3) | dpl;
-        cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, R_SS, ss,
-                               ssp, get_seg_limit(ss_e1, ss_e2), ss_e2);
-    }
-    SET_ESP(esp, sp_mask);
-
-    selector = (selector & ~3) | dpl;
-    cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, R_CS, selector,
-                   get_seg_base(e1, e2),
-                   get_seg_limit(e1, e2),
-                   e2);
-    cpu_x86_set_cpl(env, dpl);
-    env->eip = offset;
-
-    /* interrupt gate clear IF mask */
-    if ((type & 1) == 0) {
-        env->eflags &= ~IF_MASK;
-    }
-    env->eflags &= ~(TF_MASK | VM_MASK | RF_MASK | NT_MASK);
-}
-
-#ifdef TARGET_X86_64
-
-#define PUSHQ(sp, val)                          \
-    {                                           \
-        sp -= 8;                                \
-        cpu_stq_kernel(env, sp, (val));         \
-    }
-
-#define POPQ(sp, val)                           \
-    {                                           \
-        val = cpu_ldq_kernel(env, sp);          \
-        sp += 8;                                \
-    }
-
-static inline target_ulong get_rsp_from_tss(int level)
-{
-    int index;
-
-#if 0
-    printf("TR: base=" TARGET_FMT_lx " limit=%x\n",
-           env->tr.base, env->tr.limit);
-#endif
-
-    if (!(env->tr.flags & DESC_P_MASK)) {
-        cpu_abort(env, "invalid tss");
-    }
-    index = 8 * level + 4;
-    if ((index + 7) > env->tr.limit) {
-        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0A_TSS, env->tr.selector & 0xfffc);
-    }
-    return cpu_ldq_kernel(env, env->tr.base + index);
-}
-
-/* 64 bit interrupt */
-static void do_interrupt64(int intno, int is_int, int error_code,
-                           target_ulong next_eip, int is_hw)
-{
-    SegmentCache *dt;
-    target_ulong ptr;
-    int type, dpl, selector, cpl, ist;
-    int has_error_code, new_stack;
-    uint32_t e1, e2, e3, ss;
-    target_ulong old_eip, esp, offset;
-
-    has_error_code = 0;
-    if (!is_int && !is_hw) {
-        has_error_code = exception_has_error_code(intno);
-    }
-    if (is_int) {
-        old_eip = next_eip;
-    } else {
-        old_eip = env->eip;
-    }
-
-    dt = &env->idt;
-    if (intno * 16 + 15 > dt->limit) {
-        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, intno * 16 + 2);
-    }
-    ptr = dt->base + intno * 16;
-    e1 = cpu_ldl_kernel(env, ptr);
-    e2 = cpu_ldl_kernel(env, ptr + 4);
-    e3 = cpu_ldl_kernel(env, ptr + 8);
-    /* check gate type */
-    type = (e2 >> DESC_TYPE_SHIFT) & 0x1f;
-    switch (type) {
-    case 14: /* 386 interrupt gate */
-    case 15: /* 386 trap gate */
-        break;
-    default:
-        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, intno * 16 + 2);
-        break;
-    }
-    dpl = (e2 >> DESC_DPL_SHIFT) & 3;
-    cpl = env->hflags & HF_CPL_MASK;
-    /* check privilege if software int */
-    if (is_int && dpl < cpl) {
-        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, intno * 16 + 2);
-    }
-    /* check valid bit */
-    if (!(e2 & DESC_P_MASK)) {
-        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0B_NOSEG, intno * 16 + 2);
-    }
-    selector = e1 >> 16;
-    offset = ((target_ulong)e3 << 32) | (e2 & 0xffff0000) | (e1 & 0x0000ffff);
-    ist = e2 & 7;
-    if ((selector & 0xfffc) == 0) {
-        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, 0);
-    }
-
-    if (load_segment(&e1, &e2, selector) != 0) {
-        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, selector & 0xfffc);
-    }
-    if (!(e2 & DESC_S_MASK) || !(e2 & (DESC_CS_MASK))) {
-        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, selector & 0xfffc);
-    }
-    dpl = (e2 >> DESC_DPL_SHIFT) & 3;
-    if (dpl > cpl) {
-        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, selector & 0xfffc);
-    }
-    if (!(e2 & DESC_P_MASK)) {
-        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0B_NOSEG, selector & 0xfffc);
-    }
-    if (!(e2 & DESC_L_MASK) || (e2 & DESC_B_MASK)) {
-        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, selector & 0xfffc);
-    }
-    if ((!(e2 & DESC_C_MASK) && dpl < cpl) || ist != 0) {
-        /* to inner privilege */
-        if (ist != 0) {
-            esp = get_rsp_from_tss(ist + 3);
-        } else {
-            esp = get_rsp_from_tss(dpl);
-        }
-        esp &= ~0xfLL; /* align stack */
-        ss = 0;
-        new_stack = 1;
-    } else if ((e2 & DESC_C_MASK) || dpl == cpl) {
-        /* to same privilege */
-        if (env->eflags & VM_MASK) {
-            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, selector & 0xfffc);
-        }
-        new_stack = 0;
-        if (ist != 0) {
-            esp = get_rsp_from_tss(ist + 3);
-        } else {
-            esp = ESP;
-        }
-        esp &= ~0xfLL; /* align stack */
-        dpl = cpl;
-    } else {
-        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, selector & 0xfffc);
-        new_stack = 0; /* avoid warning */
-        esp = 0; /* avoid warning */
-    }
-
-    PUSHQ(esp, env->segs[R_SS].selector);
-    PUSHQ(esp, ESP);
-    PUSHQ(esp, cpu_compute_eflags(env));
-    PUSHQ(esp, env->segs[R_CS].selector);
-    PUSHQ(esp, old_eip);
-    if (has_error_code) {
-        PUSHQ(esp, error_code);
-    }
-
-    if (new_stack) {
-        ss = 0 | dpl;
-        cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, R_SS, ss, 0, 0, 0);
-    }
-    ESP = esp;
-
-    selector = (selector & ~3) | dpl;
-    cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, R_CS, selector,
-                   get_seg_base(e1, e2),
-                   get_seg_limit(e1, e2),
-                   e2);
-    cpu_x86_set_cpl(env, dpl);
-    env->eip = offset;
-
-    /* interrupt gate clear IF mask */
-    if ((type & 1) == 0) {
-        env->eflags &= ~IF_MASK;
-    }
-    env->eflags &= ~(TF_MASK | VM_MASK | RF_MASK | NT_MASK);
-}
-#endif
-
-#ifdef TARGET_X86_64
-#if defined(CONFIG_USER_ONLY)
-void helper_syscall(int next_eip_addend)
-{
-    env->exception_index = EXCP_SYSCALL;
-    env->exception_next_eip = env->eip + next_eip_addend;
-    cpu_loop_exit(env);
-}
-#else
-void helper_syscall(int next_eip_addend)
-{
-    int selector;
-
-    if (!(env->efer & MSR_EFER_SCE)) {
-        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP06_ILLOP, 0);
-    }
-    selector = (env->star >> 32) & 0xffff;
-    if (env->hflags & HF_LMA_MASK) {
-        int code64;
-
-        ECX = env->eip + next_eip_addend;
-        env->regs[11] = cpu_compute_eflags(env);
-
-        code64 = env->hflags & HF_CS64_MASK;
-
-        cpu_x86_set_cpl(env, 0);
-        cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, R_CS, selector & 0xfffc,
-                           0, 0xffffffff,
-                               DESC_G_MASK | DESC_P_MASK |
-                               DESC_S_MASK |
-                               DESC_CS_MASK | DESC_R_MASK | DESC_A_MASK |
-                               DESC_L_MASK);
-        cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, R_SS, (selector + 8) & 0xfffc,
-                               0, 0xffffffff,
-                               DESC_G_MASK | DESC_B_MASK | DESC_P_MASK |
-                               DESC_S_MASK |
-                               DESC_W_MASK | DESC_A_MASK);
-        env->eflags &= ~env->fmask;
-        cpu_load_eflags(env, env->eflags, 0);
-        if (code64) {
-            env->eip = env->lstar;
-        } else {
-            env->eip = env->cstar;
-        }
-    } else {
-        ECX = (uint32_t)(env->eip + next_eip_addend);
-
-        cpu_x86_set_cpl(env, 0);
-        cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, R_CS, selector & 0xfffc,
-                           0, 0xffffffff,
-                               DESC_G_MASK | DESC_B_MASK | DESC_P_MASK |
-                               DESC_S_MASK |
-                               DESC_CS_MASK | DESC_R_MASK | DESC_A_MASK);
-        cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, R_SS, (selector + 8) & 0xfffc,
-                               0, 0xffffffff,
-                               DESC_G_MASK | DESC_B_MASK | DESC_P_MASK |
-                               DESC_S_MASK |
-                               DESC_W_MASK | DESC_A_MASK);
-        env->eflags &= ~(IF_MASK | RF_MASK | VM_MASK);
-        env->eip = (uint32_t)env->star;
-    }
-}
-#endif
-#endif
-
-#ifdef TARGET_X86_64
-void helper_sysret(int dflag)
-{
-    int cpl, selector;
-
-    if (!(env->efer & MSR_EFER_SCE)) {
-        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP06_ILLOP, 0);
-    }
-    cpl = env->hflags & HF_CPL_MASK;
-    if (!(env->cr[0] & CR0_PE_MASK) || cpl != 0) {
-        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, 0);
-    }
-    selector = (env->star >> 48) & 0xffff;
-    if (env->hflags & HF_LMA_MASK) {
-        if (dflag == 2) {
-            cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, R_CS, (selector + 16) | 3,
-                                   0, 0xffffffff,
-                                   DESC_G_MASK | DESC_P_MASK |
-                                   DESC_S_MASK | (3 << DESC_DPL_SHIFT) |
-                                   DESC_CS_MASK | DESC_R_MASK | DESC_A_MASK |
-                                   DESC_L_MASK);
-            env->eip = ECX;
-        } else {
-            cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, R_CS, selector | 3,
-                                   0, 0xffffffff,
-                                   DESC_G_MASK | DESC_B_MASK | DESC_P_MASK |
-                                   DESC_S_MASK | (3 << DESC_DPL_SHIFT) |
-                                   DESC_CS_MASK | DESC_R_MASK | DESC_A_MASK);
-            env->eip = (uint32_t)ECX;
-        }
-        cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, R_SS, selector + 8,
-                               0, 0xffffffff,
-                               DESC_G_MASK | DESC_B_MASK | DESC_P_MASK |
-                               DESC_S_MASK | (3 << DESC_DPL_SHIFT) |
-                               DESC_W_MASK | DESC_A_MASK);
-        cpu_load_eflags(env, (uint32_t)(env->regs[11]), TF_MASK | AC_MASK
-                        | ID_MASK | IF_MASK | IOPL_MASK | VM_MASK | RF_MASK |
-                        NT_MASK);
-        cpu_x86_set_cpl(env, 3);
-    } else {
-        cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, R_CS, selector | 3,
-                               0, 0xffffffff,
-                               DESC_G_MASK | DESC_B_MASK | DESC_P_MASK |
-                               DESC_S_MASK | (3 << DESC_DPL_SHIFT) |
-                               DESC_CS_MASK | DESC_R_MASK | DESC_A_MASK);
-        env->eip = (uint32_t)ECX;
-        cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, R_SS, selector + 8,
-                               0, 0xffffffff,
-                               DESC_G_MASK | DESC_B_MASK | DESC_P_MASK |
-                               DESC_S_MASK | (3 << DESC_DPL_SHIFT) |
-                               DESC_W_MASK | DESC_A_MASK);
-        env->eflags |= IF_MASK;
-        cpu_x86_set_cpl(env, 3);
-    }
-}
-#endif
-
-/* real mode interrupt */
-static void do_interrupt_real(int intno, int is_int, int error_code,
-                              unsigned int next_eip)
-{
-    SegmentCache *dt;
-    target_ulong ptr, ssp;
-    int selector;
-    uint32_t offset, esp;
-    uint32_t old_cs, old_eip;
-
-    /* real mode (simpler!) */
-    dt = &env->idt;
-    if (intno * 4 + 3 > dt->limit) {
-        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, intno * 8 + 2);
-    }
-    ptr = dt->base + intno * 4;
-    offset = cpu_lduw_kernel(env, ptr);
-    selector = cpu_lduw_kernel(env, ptr + 2);
-    esp = ESP;
-    ssp = env->segs[R_SS].base;
-    if (is_int) {
-        old_eip = next_eip;
-    } else {
-        old_eip = env->eip;
-    }
-    old_cs = env->segs[R_CS].selector;
-    /* XXX: use SS segment size? */
-    PUSHW(ssp, esp, 0xffff, cpu_compute_eflags(env));
-    PUSHW(ssp, esp, 0xffff, old_cs);
-    PUSHW(ssp, esp, 0xffff, old_eip);
-
-    /* update processor state */
-    ESP = (ESP & ~0xffff) | (esp & 0xffff);
-    env->eip = offset;
-    env->segs[R_CS].selector = selector;
-    env->segs[R_CS].base = (selector << 4);
-    env->eflags &= ~(IF_MASK | TF_MASK | AC_MASK | RF_MASK);
-}
-
-#if defined(CONFIG_USER_ONLY)
-/* fake user mode interrupt */
-static void do_interrupt_user(int intno, int is_int, int error_code,
-                              target_ulong next_eip)
-{
-    SegmentCache *dt;
-    target_ulong ptr;
-    int dpl, cpl, shift;
-    uint32_t e2;
-
-    dt = &env->idt;
-    if (env->hflags & HF_LMA_MASK) {
-        shift = 4;
-    } else {
-        shift = 3;
-    }
-    ptr = dt->base + (intno << shift);
-    e2 = cpu_ldl_kernel(env, ptr + 4);
-
-    dpl = (e2 >> DESC_DPL_SHIFT) & 3;
-    cpl = env->hflags & HF_CPL_MASK;
-    /* check privilege if software int */
-    if (is_int && dpl < cpl) {
-        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, (intno << shift) + 2);
-    }
-
-    /* Since we emulate only user space, we cannot do more than
-       exiting the emulation with the suitable exception and error
-       code */
-    if (is_int) {
-        EIP = next_eip;
-    }
-}
-
-#else
-
-static void handle_even_inj(int intno, int is_int, int error_code,
-                            int is_hw, int rm)
-{
-    uint32_t event_inj = ldl_phys(env->vm_vmcb + offsetof(struct vmcb,
-                                                          control.event_inj));
-
-    if (!(event_inj & SVM_EVTINJ_VALID)) {
-        int type;
-
-        if (is_int) {
-            type = SVM_EVTINJ_TYPE_SOFT;
-        } else {
-            type = SVM_EVTINJ_TYPE_EXEPT;
-        }
-        event_inj = intno | type | SVM_EVTINJ_VALID;
-        if (!rm && exception_has_error_code(intno)) {
-            event_inj |= SVM_EVTINJ_VALID_ERR;
-            stl_phys(env->vm_vmcb + offsetof(struct vmcb,
-                                             control.event_inj_err),
-                     error_code);
-        }
-        stl_phys(env->vm_vmcb + offsetof(struct vmcb, control.event_inj),
-                 event_inj);
-    }
-}
-#endif
-
-/*
- * Begin execution of an interruption. is_int is TRUE if coming from
- * the int instruction. next_eip is the EIP value AFTER the interrupt
- * instruction. It is only relevant if is_int is TRUE.
- */
-static void do_interrupt_all(int intno, int is_int, int error_code,
-                             target_ulong next_eip, int is_hw)
-{
-    if (qemu_loglevel_mask(CPU_LOG_INT)) {
-        if ((env->cr[0] & CR0_PE_MASK)) {
-            static int count;
-
-            qemu_log("%6d: v=%02x e=%04x i=%d cpl=%d IP=%04x:" TARGET_FMT_lx
-                     " pc=" TARGET_FMT_lx " SP=%04x:" TARGET_FMT_lx,
-                     count, intno, error_code, is_int,
-                     env->hflags & HF_CPL_MASK,
-                     env->segs[R_CS].selector, EIP,
-                     (int)env->segs[R_CS].base + EIP,
-                     env->segs[R_SS].selector, ESP);
-            if (intno == 0x0e) {
-                qemu_log(" CR2=" TARGET_FMT_lx, env->cr[2]);
-            } else {
-                qemu_log(" EAX=" TARGET_FMT_lx, EAX);
-            }
-            qemu_log("\n");
-            log_cpu_state(env, X86_DUMP_CCOP);
-#if 0
-            {
-                int i;
-                target_ulong ptr;
-
-                qemu_log("       code=");
-                ptr = env->segs[R_CS].base + env->eip;
-                for (i = 0; i < 16; i++) {
-                    qemu_log(" %02x", ldub(ptr + i));
-                }
-                qemu_log("\n");
-            }
-#endif
-            count++;
-        }
-    }
-    if (env->cr[0] & CR0_PE_MASK) {
-#if !defined(CONFIG_USER_ONLY)
-        if (env->hflags & HF_SVMI_MASK) {
-            handle_even_inj(intno, is_int, error_code, is_hw, 0);
-        }
-#endif
-#ifdef TARGET_X86_64
-        if (env->hflags & HF_LMA_MASK) {
-            do_interrupt64(intno, is_int, error_code, next_eip, is_hw);
-        } else
-#endif
-        {
-            do_interrupt_protected(intno, is_int, error_code, next_eip, is_hw);
-        }
-    } else {
-#if !defined(CONFIG_USER_ONLY)
-        if (env->hflags & HF_SVMI_MASK) {
-            handle_even_inj(intno, is_int, error_code, is_hw, 1);
-        }
-#endif
-        do_interrupt_real(intno, is_int, error_code, next_eip);
-    }
-
-#if !defined(CONFIG_USER_ONLY)
-    if (env->hflags & HF_SVMI_MASK) {
-        uint32_t event_inj = ldl_phys(env->vm_vmcb +
-                                      offsetof(struct vmcb,
-                                               control.event_inj));
-
-        stl_phys(env->vm_vmcb + offsetof(struct vmcb, control.event_inj),
-                 event_inj & ~SVM_EVTINJ_VALID);
-    }
-#endif
-}
-
-void do_interrupt(CPUX86State *env1)
-{
-    CPUX86State *saved_env;
-
-    saved_env = env;
-    env = env1;
-#if defined(CONFIG_USER_ONLY)
-    /* if user mode only, we simulate a fake exception
-       which will be handled outside the cpu execution
-       loop */
-    do_interrupt_user(env->exception_index,
-                      env->exception_is_int,
-                      env->error_code,
-                      env->exception_next_eip);
-    /* successfully delivered */
-    env->old_exception = -1;
-#else
-    /* simulate a real cpu exception. On i386, it can
-       trigger new exceptions, but we do not handle
-       double or triple faults yet. */
-    do_interrupt_all(env->exception_index,
-                     env->exception_is_int,
-                     env->error_code,
-                     env->exception_next_eip, 0);
-    /* successfully delivered */
-    env->old_exception = -1;
-#endif
-    env = saved_env;
-}
-
-void do_interrupt_x86_hardirq(CPUX86State *env1, int intno, int is_hw)
-{
-    CPUX86State *saved_env;
-
-    saved_env = env;
-    env = env1;
-    do_interrupt_all(intno, 0, 0, 0, is_hw);
-    env = saved_env;
-}
-
-void helper_enter_level(int level, int data32, target_ulong t1)
-{
-    target_ulong ssp;
-    uint32_t esp_mask, esp, ebp;
-
-    esp_mask = get_sp_mask(env->segs[R_SS].flags);
-    ssp = env->segs[R_SS].base;
-    ebp = EBP;
-    esp = ESP;
-    if (data32) {
-        /* 32 bit */
-        esp -= 4;
-        while (--level) {
-            esp -= 4;
-            ebp -= 4;
-            cpu_stl_data(env, ssp + (esp & esp_mask),
-                         cpu_ldl_data(env, ssp + (ebp & esp_mask)));
-        }
-        esp -= 4;
-        cpu_stl_data(env, ssp + (esp & esp_mask), t1);
-    } else {
-        /* 16 bit */
-        esp -= 2;
-        while (--level) {
-            esp -= 2;
-            ebp -= 2;
-            cpu_stw_data(env, ssp + (esp & esp_mask),
-                         cpu_lduw_data(env, ssp + (ebp & esp_mask)));
-        }
-        esp -= 2;
-        cpu_stw_data(env, ssp + (esp & esp_mask), t1);
-    }
-}
-
-#ifdef TARGET_X86_64
-void helper_enter64_level(int level, int data64, target_ulong t1)
-{
-    target_ulong esp, ebp;
-
-    ebp = EBP;
-    esp = ESP;
-
-    if (data64) {
-        /* 64 bit */
-        esp -= 8;
-        while (--level) {
-            esp -= 8;
-            ebp -= 8;
-            cpu_stq_data(env, esp, cpu_ldq_data(env, ebp));
-        }
-        esp -= 8;
-        cpu_stq_data(env, esp, t1);
-    } else {
-        /* 16 bit */
-        esp -= 2;
-        while (--level) {
-            esp -= 2;
-            ebp -= 2;
-            cpu_stw_data(env, esp, cpu_lduw_data(env, ebp));
-        }
-        esp -= 2;
-        cpu_stw_data(env, esp, t1);
-    }
-}
-#endif
-
-void helper_lldt(int selector)
-{
-    SegmentCache *dt;
-    uint32_t e1, e2;
-    int index, entry_limit;
-    target_ulong ptr;
-
-    selector &= 0xffff;
-    if ((selector & 0xfffc) == 0) {
-        /* XXX: NULL selector case: invalid LDT */
-        env->ldt.base = 0;
-        env->ldt.limit = 0;
-    } else {
-        if (selector & 0x4) {
-            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, selector & 0xfffc);
-        }
-        dt = &env->gdt;
-        index = selector & ~7;
-#ifdef TARGET_X86_64
-        if (env->hflags & HF_LMA_MASK) {
-            entry_limit = 15;
-        } else
-#endif
-        {
-            entry_limit = 7;
-        }
-        if ((index + entry_limit) > dt->limit) {
-            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, selector & 0xfffc);
-        }
-        ptr = dt->base + index;
-        e1 = cpu_ldl_kernel(env, ptr);
-        e2 = cpu_ldl_kernel(env, ptr + 4);
-        if ((e2 & DESC_S_MASK) || ((e2 >> DESC_TYPE_SHIFT) & 0xf) != 2) {
-            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, selector & 0xfffc);
-        }
-        if (!(e2 & DESC_P_MASK)) {
-            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0B_NOSEG, selector & 0xfffc);
-        }
-#ifdef TARGET_X86_64
-        if (env->hflags & HF_LMA_MASK) {
-            uint32_t e3;
-
-            e3 = cpu_ldl_kernel(env, ptr + 8);
-            load_seg_cache_raw_dt(&env->ldt, e1, e2);
-            env->ldt.base |= (target_ulong)e3 << 32;
-        } else
-#endif
-        {
-            load_seg_cache_raw_dt(&env->ldt, e1, e2);
-        }
-    }
-    env->ldt.selector = selector;
-}
-
-void helper_ltr(int selector)
-{
-    SegmentCache *dt;
-    uint32_t e1, e2;
-    int index, type, entry_limit;
-    target_ulong ptr;
-
-    selector &= 0xffff;
-    if ((selector & 0xfffc) == 0) {
-        /* NULL selector case: invalid TR */
-        env->tr.base = 0;
-        env->tr.limit = 0;
-        env->tr.flags = 0;
-    } else {
-        if (selector & 0x4) {
-            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, selector & 0xfffc);
-        }
-        dt = &env->gdt;
-        index = selector & ~7;
-#ifdef TARGET_X86_64
-        if (env->hflags & HF_LMA_MASK) {
-            entry_limit = 15;
-        } else
-#endif
-        {
-            entry_limit = 7;
-        }
-        if ((index + entry_limit) > dt->limit) {
-            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, selector & 0xfffc);
-        }
-        ptr = dt->base + index;
-        e1 = cpu_ldl_kernel(env, ptr);
-        e2 = cpu_ldl_kernel(env, ptr + 4);
-        type = (e2 >> DESC_TYPE_SHIFT) & 0xf;
-        if ((e2 & DESC_S_MASK) ||
-            (type != 1 && type != 9)) {
-            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, selector & 0xfffc);
-        }
-        if (!(e2 & DESC_P_MASK)) {
-            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0B_NOSEG, selector & 0xfffc);
-        }
-#ifdef TARGET_X86_64
-        if (env->hflags & HF_LMA_MASK) {
-            uint32_t e3, e4;
-
-            e3 = cpu_ldl_kernel(env, ptr + 8);
-            e4 = cpu_ldl_kernel(env, ptr + 12);
-            if ((e4 >> DESC_TYPE_SHIFT) & 0xf) {
-                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, selector & 0xfffc);
-            }
-            load_seg_cache_raw_dt(&env->tr, e1, e2);
-            env->tr.base |= (target_ulong)e3 << 32;
-        } else
-#endif
-        {
-            load_seg_cache_raw_dt(&env->tr, e1, e2);
-        }
-        e2 |= DESC_TSS_BUSY_MASK;
-        cpu_stl_kernel(env, ptr + 4, e2);
-    }
-    env->tr.selector = selector;
-}
-
-/* only works if protected mode and not VM86. seg_reg must be != R_CS */
-void helper_load_seg(int seg_reg, int selector)
-{
-    uint32_t e1, e2;
-    int cpl, dpl, rpl;
-    SegmentCache *dt;
-    int index;
-    target_ulong ptr;
-
-    selector &= 0xffff;
-    cpl = env->hflags & HF_CPL_MASK;
-    if ((selector & 0xfffc) == 0) {
-        /* null selector case */
-        if (seg_reg == R_SS
-#ifdef TARGET_X86_64
-            && (!(env->hflags & HF_CS64_MASK) || cpl == 3)
-#endif
-            ) {
-            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, 0);
-        }
-        cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, seg_reg, selector, 0, 0, 0);
-    } else {
-
-        if (selector & 0x4) {
-            dt = &env->ldt;
-        } else {
-            dt = &env->gdt;
-        }
-        index = selector & ~7;
-        if ((index + 7) > dt->limit) {
-            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, selector & 0xfffc);
-        }
-        ptr = dt->base + index;
-        e1 = cpu_ldl_kernel(env, ptr);
-        e2 = cpu_ldl_kernel(env, ptr + 4);
-
-        if (!(e2 & DESC_S_MASK)) {
-            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, selector & 0xfffc);
-        }
-        rpl = selector & 3;
-        dpl = (e2 >> DESC_DPL_SHIFT) & 3;
-        if (seg_reg == R_SS) {
-            /* must be writable segment */
-            if ((e2 & DESC_CS_MASK) || !(e2 & DESC_W_MASK)) {
-                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, selector & 0xfffc);
-            }
-            if (rpl != cpl || dpl != cpl) {
-                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, selector & 0xfffc);
-            }
-        } else {
-            /* must be readable segment */
-            if ((e2 & (DESC_CS_MASK | DESC_R_MASK)) == DESC_CS_MASK) {
-                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, selector & 0xfffc);
-            }
-
-            if (!(e2 & DESC_CS_MASK) || !(e2 & DESC_C_MASK)) {
-                /* if not conforming code, test rights */
-                if (dpl < cpl || dpl < rpl) {
-                    raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, selector & 0xfffc);
-                }
-            }
-        }
-
-        if (!(e2 & DESC_P_MASK)) {
-            if (seg_reg == R_SS) {
-                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0C_STACK, selector & 0xfffc);
-            } else {
-                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0B_NOSEG, selector & 0xfffc);
-            }
-        }
-
-        /* set the access bit if not already set */
-        if (!(e2 & DESC_A_MASK)) {
-            e2 |= DESC_A_MASK;
-            cpu_stl_kernel(env, ptr + 4, e2);
-        }
-
-        cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, seg_reg, selector,
-                       get_seg_base(e1, e2),
-                       get_seg_limit(e1, e2),
-                       e2);
-#if 0
-        qemu_log("load_seg: sel=0x%04x base=0x%08lx limit=0x%08lx flags=%08x\n",
-                selector, (unsigned long)sc->base, sc->limit, sc->flags);
-#endif
-    }
-}
-
-/* protected mode jump */
-void helper_ljmp_protected(int new_cs, target_ulong new_eip,
-                           int next_eip_addend)
-{
-    int gate_cs, type;
-    uint32_t e1, e2, cpl, dpl, rpl, limit;
-    target_ulong next_eip;
-
-    if ((new_cs & 0xfffc) == 0) {
-        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, 0);
-    }
-    if (load_segment(&e1, &e2, new_cs) != 0) {
-        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, new_cs & 0xfffc);
-    }
-    cpl = env->hflags & HF_CPL_MASK;
-    if (e2 & DESC_S_MASK) {
-        if (!(e2 & DESC_CS_MASK)) {
-            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, new_cs & 0xfffc);
-        }
-        dpl = (e2 >> DESC_DPL_SHIFT) & 3;
-        if (e2 & DESC_C_MASK) {
-            /* conforming code segment */
-            if (dpl > cpl) {
-                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, new_cs & 0xfffc);
-            }
-        } else {
-            /* non conforming code segment */
-            rpl = new_cs & 3;
-            if (rpl > cpl) {
-                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, new_cs & 0xfffc);
-            }
-            if (dpl != cpl) {
-                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, new_cs & 0xfffc);
-            }
-        }
-        if (!(e2 & DESC_P_MASK)) {
-            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0B_NOSEG, new_cs & 0xfffc);
-        }
-        limit = get_seg_limit(e1, e2);
-        if (new_eip > limit &&
-            !(env->hflags & HF_LMA_MASK) && !(e2 & DESC_L_MASK)) {
-            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, new_cs & 0xfffc);
-        }
-        cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, R_CS, (new_cs & 0xfffc) | cpl,
-                       get_seg_base(e1, e2), limit, e2);
-        EIP = new_eip;
-    } else {
-        /* jump to call or task gate */
-        dpl = (e2 >> DESC_DPL_SHIFT) & 3;
-        rpl = new_cs & 3;
-        cpl = env->hflags & HF_CPL_MASK;
-        type = (e2 >> DESC_TYPE_SHIFT) & 0xf;
-        switch (type) {
-        case 1: /* 286 TSS */
-        case 9: /* 386 TSS */
-        case 5: /* task gate */
-            if (dpl < cpl || dpl < rpl) {
-                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, new_cs & 0xfffc);
-            }
-            next_eip = env->eip + next_eip_addend;
-            switch_tss(new_cs, e1, e2, SWITCH_TSS_JMP, next_eip);
-            CC_OP = CC_OP_EFLAGS;
-            break;
-        case 4: /* 286 call gate */
-        case 12: /* 386 call gate */
-            if ((dpl < cpl) || (dpl < rpl)) {
-                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, new_cs & 0xfffc);
-            }
-            if (!(e2 & DESC_P_MASK)) {
-                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0B_NOSEG, new_cs & 0xfffc);
-            }
-            gate_cs = e1 >> 16;
-            new_eip = (e1 & 0xffff);
-            if (type == 12) {
-                new_eip |= (e2 & 0xffff0000);
-            }
-            if (load_segment(&e1, &e2, gate_cs) != 0) {
-                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, gate_cs & 0xfffc);
-            }
-            dpl = (e2 >> DESC_DPL_SHIFT) & 3;
-            /* must be code segment */
-            if (((e2 & (DESC_S_MASK | DESC_CS_MASK)) !=
-                 (DESC_S_MASK | DESC_CS_MASK))) {
-                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, gate_cs & 0xfffc);
-            }
-            if (((e2 & DESC_C_MASK) && (dpl > cpl)) ||
-                (!(e2 & DESC_C_MASK) && (dpl != cpl))) {
-                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, gate_cs & 0xfffc);
-            }
-            if (!(e2 & DESC_P_MASK)) {
-                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, gate_cs & 0xfffc);
-            }
-            limit = get_seg_limit(e1, e2);
-            if (new_eip > limit) {
-                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, 0);
-            }
-            cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, R_CS, (gate_cs & 0xfffc) | cpl,
-                                   get_seg_base(e1, e2), limit, e2);
-            EIP = new_eip;
-            break;
-        default:
-            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, new_cs & 0xfffc);
-            break;
-        }
-    }
-}
-
-/* real mode call */
-void helper_lcall_real(int new_cs, target_ulong new_eip1,
-                       int shift, int next_eip)
-{
-    int new_eip;
-    uint32_t esp, esp_mask;
-    target_ulong ssp;
-
-    new_eip = new_eip1;
-    esp = ESP;
-    esp_mask = get_sp_mask(env->segs[R_SS].flags);
-    ssp = env->segs[R_SS].base;
-    if (shift) {
-        PUSHL(ssp, esp, esp_mask, env->segs[R_CS].selector);
-        PUSHL(ssp, esp, esp_mask, next_eip);
-    } else {
-        PUSHW(ssp, esp, esp_mask, env->segs[R_CS].selector);
-        PUSHW(ssp, esp, esp_mask, next_eip);
-    }
-
-    SET_ESP(esp, esp_mask);
-    env->eip = new_eip;
-    env->segs[R_CS].selector = new_cs;
-    env->segs[R_CS].base = (new_cs << 4);
-}
-
-/* protected mode call */
-void helper_lcall_protected(int new_cs, target_ulong new_eip,
-                            int shift, int next_eip_addend)
-{
-    int new_stack, i;
-    uint32_t e1, e2, cpl, dpl, rpl, selector, offset, param_count;
-    uint32_t ss = 0, ss_e1 = 0, ss_e2 = 0, sp, type, ss_dpl, sp_mask;
-    uint32_t val, limit, old_sp_mask;
-    target_ulong ssp, old_ssp, next_eip;
-
-    next_eip = env->eip + next_eip_addend;
-    LOG_PCALL("lcall %04x:%08x s=%d\n", new_cs, (uint32_t)new_eip, shift);
-    LOG_PCALL_STATE(env);
-    if ((new_cs & 0xfffc) == 0) {
-        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, 0);
-    }
-    if (load_segment(&e1, &e2, new_cs) != 0) {
-        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, new_cs & 0xfffc);
-    }
-    cpl = env->hflags & HF_CPL_MASK;
-    LOG_PCALL("desc=%08x:%08x\n", e1, e2);
-    if (e2 & DESC_S_MASK) {
-        if (!(e2 & DESC_CS_MASK)) {
-            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, new_cs & 0xfffc);
-        }
-        dpl = (e2 >> DESC_DPL_SHIFT) & 3;
-        if (e2 & DESC_C_MASK) {
-            /* conforming code segment */
-            if (dpl > cpl) {
-                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, new_cs & 0xfffc);
-            }
-        } else {
-            /* non conforming code segment */
-            rpl = new_cs & 3;
-            if (rpl > cpl) {
-                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, new_cs & 0xfffc);
-            }
-            if (dpl != cpl) {
-                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, new_cs & 0xfffc);
-            }
-        }
-        if (!(e2 & DESC_P_MASK)) {
-            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0B_NOSEG, new_cs & 0xfffc);
-        }
-
-#ifdef TARGET_X86_64
-        /* XXX: check 16/32 bit cases in long mode */
-        if (shift == 2) {
-            target_ulong rsp;
-
-            /* 64 bit case */
-            rsp = ESP;
-            PUSHQ(rsp, env->segs[R_CS].selector);
-            PUSHQ(rsp, next_eip);
-            /* from this point, not restartable */
-            ESP = rsp;
-            cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, R_CS, (new_cs & 0xfffc) | cpl,
-                                   get_seg_base(e1, e2),
-                                   get_seg_limit(e1, e2), e2);
-            EIP = new_eip;
-        } else
-#endif
-        {
-            sp = ESP;
-            sp_mask = get_sp_mask(env->segs[R_SS].flags);
-            ssp = env->segs[R_SS].base;
-            if (shift) {
-                PUSHL(ssp, sp, sp_mask, env->segs[R_CS].selector);
-                PUSHL(ssp, sp, sp_mask, next_eip);
-            } else {
-                PUSHW(ssp, sp, sp_mask, env->segs[R_CS].selector);
-                PUSHW(ssp, sp, sp_mask, next_eip);
-            }
-
-            limit = get_seg_limit(e1, e2);
-            if (new_eip > limit) {
-                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, new_cs & 0xfffc);
-            }
-            /* from this point, not restartable */
-            SET_ESP(sp, sp_mask);
-            cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, R_CS, (new_cs & 0xfffc) | cpl,
-                                   get_seg_base(e1, e2), limit, e2);
-            EIP = new_eip;
-        }
-    } else {
-        /* check gate type */
-        type = (e2 >> DESC_TYPE_SHIFT) & 0x1f;
-        dpl = (e2 >> DESC_DPL_SHIFT) & 3;
-        rpl = new_cs & 3;
-        switch (type) {
-        case 1: /* available 286 TSS */
-        case 9: /* available 386 TSS */
-        case 5: /* task gate */
-            if (dpl < cpl || dpl < rpl) {
-                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, new_cs & 0xfffc);
-            }
-            switch_tss(new_cs, e1, e2, SWITCH_TSS_CALL, next_eip);
-            CC_OP = CC_OP_EFLAGS;
-            return;
-        case 4: /* 286 call gate */
-        case 12: /* 386 call gate */
-            break;
-        default:
-            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, new_cs & 0xfffc);
-            break;
-        }
-        shift = type >> 3;
-
-        if (dpl < cpl || dpl < rpl) {
-            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, new_cs & 0xfffc);
-        }
-        /* check valid bit */
-        if (!(e2 & DESC_P_MASK)) {
-            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0B_NOSEG,  new_cs & 0xfffc);
-        }
-        selector = e1 >> 16;
-        offset = (e2 & 0xffff0000) | (e1 & 0x0000ffff);
-        param_count = e2 & 0x1f;
-        if ((selector & 0xfffc) == 0) {
-            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, 0);
-        }
-
-        if (load_segment(&e1, &e2, selector) != 0) {
-            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, selector & 0xfffc);
-        }
-        if (!(e2 & DESC_S_MASK) || !(e2 & (DESC_CS_MASK))) {
-            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, selector & 0xfffc);
-        }
-        dpl = (e2 >> DESC_DPL_SHIFT) & 3;
-        if (dpl > cpl) {
-            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, selector & 0xfffc);
-        }
-        if (!(e2 & DESC_P_MASK)) {
-            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0B_NOSEG, selector & 0xfffc);
-        }
-
-        if (!(e2 & DESC_C_MASK) && dpl < cpl) {
-            /* to inner privilege */
-            get_ss_esp_from_tss(&ss, &sp, dpl);
-            LOG_PCALL("new ss:esp=%04x:%08x param_count=%d ESP=" TARGET_FMT_lx
-                      "\n",
-                      ss, sp, param_count, ESP);
-            if ((ss & 0xfffc) == 0) {
-                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0A_TSS, ss & 0xfffc);
-            }
-            if ((ss & 3) != dpl) {
-                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0A_TSS, ss & 0xfffc);
-            }
-            if (load_segment(&ss_e1, &ss_e2, ss) != 0) {
-                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0A_TSS, ss & 0xfffc);
-            }
-            ss_dpl = (ss_e2 >> DESC_DPL_SHIFT) & 3;
-            if (ss_dpl != dpl) {
-                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0A_TSS, ss & 0xfffc);
-            }
-            if (!(ss_e2 & DESC_S_MASK) ||
-                (ss_e2 & DESC_CS_MASK) ||
-                !(ss_e2 & DESC_W_MASK)) {
-                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0A_TSS, ss & 0xfffc);
-            }
-            if (!(ss_e2 & DESC_P_MASK)) {
-                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0A_TSS, ss & 0xfffc);
-            }
-
-            /* push_size = ((param_count * 2) + 8) << shift; */
-
-            old_sp_mask = get_sp_mask(env->segs[R_SS].flags);
-            old_ssp = env->segs[R_SS].base;
-
-            sp_mask = get_sp_mask(ss_e2);
-            ssp = get_seg_base(ss_e1, ss_e2);
-            if (shift) {
-                PUSHL(ssp, sp, sp_mask, env->segs[R_SS].selector);
-                PUSHL(ssp, sp, sp_mask, ESP);
-                for (i = param_count - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
-                    val = cpu_ldl_kernel(env, old_ssp + ((ESP + i * 4) &
-                                                         old_sp_mask));
-                    PUSHL(ssp, sp, sp_mask, val);
-                }
-            } else {
-                PUSHW(ssp, sp, sp_mask, env->segs[R_SS].selector);
-                PUSHW(ssp, sp, sp_mask, ESP);
-                for (i = param_count - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
-                    val = cpu_lduw_kernel(env, old_ssp + ((ESP + i * 2) &
-                                                          old_sp_mask));
-                    PUSHW(ssp, sp, sp_mask, val);
-                }
-            }
-            new_stack = 1;
-        } else {
-            /* to same privilege */
-            sp = ESP;
-            sp_mask = get_sp_mask(env->segs[R_SS].flags);
-            ssp = env->segs[R_SS].base;
-            /* push_size = (4 << shift); */
-            new_stack = 0;
-        }
-
-        if (shift) {
-            PUSHL(ssp, sp, sp_mask, env->segs[R_CS].selector);
-            PUSHL(ssp, sp, sp_mask, next_eip);
-        } else {
-            PUSHW(ssp, sp, sp_mask, env->segs[R_CS].selector);
-            PUSHW(ssp, sp, sp_mask, next_eip);
-        }
-
-        /* from this point, not restartable */
-
-        if (new_stack) {
-            ss = (ss & ~3) | dpl;
-            cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, R_SS, ss,
-                                   ssp,
-                                   get_seg_limit(ss_e1, ss_e2),
-                                   ss_e2);
-        }
-
-        selector = (selector & ~3) | dpl;
-        cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, R_CS, selector,
-                       get_seg_base(e1, e2),
-                       get_seg_limit(e1, e2),
-                       e2);
-        cpu_x86_set_cpl(env, dpl);
-        SET_ESP(sp, sp_mask);
-        EIP = offset;
-    }
-}
-
-/* real and vm86 mode iret */
-void helper_iret_real(int shift)
-{
-    uint32_t sp, new_cs, new_eip, new_eflags, sp_mask;
-    target_ulong ssp;
-    int eflags_mask;
-
-    sp_mask = 0xffff; /* XXXX: use SS segment size? */
-    sp = ESP;
-    ssp = env->segs[R_SS].base;
-    if (shift == 1) {
-        /* 32 bits */
-        POPL(ssp, sp, sp_mask, new_eip);
-        POPL(ssp, sp, sp_mask, new_cs);
-        new_cs &= 0xffff;
-        POPL(ssp, sp, sp_mask, new_eflags);
-    } else {
-        /* 16 bits */
-        POPW(ssp, sp, sp_mask, new_eip);
-        POPW(ssp, sp, sp_mask, new_cs);
-        POPW(ssp, sp, sp_mask, new_eflags);
-    }
-    ESP = (ESP & ~sp_mask) | (sp & sp_mask);
-    env->segs[R_CS].selector = new_cs;
-    env->segs[R_CS].base = (new_cs << 4);
-    env->eip = new_eip;
-    if (env->eflags & VM_MASK) {
-        eflags_mask = TF_MASK | AC_MASK | ID_MASK | IF_MASK | RF_MASK |
-            NT_MASK;
-    } else {
-        eflags_mask = TF_MASK | AC_MASK | ID_MASK | IF_MASK | IOPL_MASK |
-            RF_MASK | NT_MASK;
-    }
-    if (shift == 0) {
-        eflags_mask &= 0xffff;
-    }
-    cpu_load_eflags(env, new_eflags, eflags_mask);
-    env->hflags2 &= ~HF2_NMI_MASK;
-}
-
-static inline void validate_seg(int seg_reg, int cpl)
-{
-    int dpl;
-    uint32_t e2;
-
-    /* XXX: on x86_64, we do not want to nullify FS and GS because
-       they may still contain a valid base. I would be interested to
-       know how a real x86_64 CPU behaves */
-    if ((seg_reg == R_FS || seg_reg == R_GS) &&
-        (env->segs[seg_reg].selector & 0xfffc) == 0) {
-        return;
-    }
-
-    e2 = env->segs[seg_reg].flags;
-    dpl = (e2 >> DESC_DPL_SHIFT) & 3;
-    if (!(e2 & DESC_CS_MASK) || !(e2 & DESC_C_MASK)) {
-        /* data or non conforming code segment */
-        if (dpl < cpl) {
-            cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, seg_reg, 0, 0, 0, 0);
-        }
-    }
-}
-
-/* protected mode iret */
-static inline void helper_ret_protected(int shift, int is_iret, int addend)
-{
-    uint32_t new_cs, new_eflags, new_ss;
-    uint32_t new_es, new_ds, new_fs, new_gs;
-    uint32_t e1, e2, ss_e1, ss_e2;
-    int cpl, dpl, rpl, eflags_mask, iopl;
-    target_ulong ssp, sp, new_eip, new_esp, sp_mask;
-
-#ifdef TARGET_X86_64
-    if (shift == 2) {
-        sp_mask = -1;
-    } else
-#endif
-    {
-        sp_mask = get_sp_mask(env->segs[R_SS].flags);
-    }
-    sp = ESP;
-    ssp = env->segs[R_SS].base;
-    new_eflags = 0; /* avoid warning */
-#ifdef TARGET_X86_64
-    if (shift == 2) {
-        POPQ(sp, new_eip);
-        POPQ(sp, new_cs);
-        new_cs &= 0xffff;
-        if (is_iret) {
-            POPQ(sp, new_eflags);
-        }
-    } else
-#endif
-    {
-        if (shift == 1) {
-            /* 32 bits */
-            POPL(ssp, sp, sp_mask, new_eip);
-            POPL(ssp, sp, sp_mask, new_cs);
-            new_cs &= 0xffff;
-            if (is_iret) {
-                POPL(ssp, sp, sp_mask, new_eflags);
-                if (new_eflags & VM_MASK) {
-                    goto return_to_vm86;
-                }
-            }
-        } else {
-            /* 16 bits */
-            POPW(ssp, sp, sp_mask, new_eip);
-            POPW(ssp, sp, sp_mask, new_cs);
-            if (is_iret) {
-                POPW(ssp, sp, sp_mask, new_eflags);
-            }
-        }
-    }
-    LOG_PCALL("lret new %04x:" TARGET_FMT_lx " s=%d addend=0x%x\n",
-              new_cs, new_eip, shift, addend);
-    LOG_PCALL_STATE(env);
-    if ((new_cs & 0xfffc) == 0) {
-        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, new_cs & 0xfffc);
-    }
-    if (load_segment(&e1, &e2, new_cs) != 0) {
-        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, new_cs & 0xfffc);
-    }
-    if (!(e2 & DESC_S_MASK) ||
-        !(e2 & DESC_CS_MASK)) {
-        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, new_cs & 0xfffc);
-    }
-    cpl = env->hflags & HF_CPL_MASK;
-    rpl = new_cs & 3;
-    if (rpl < cpl) {
-        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, new_cs & 0xfffc);
-    }
-    dpl = (e2 >> DESC_DPL_SHIFT) & 3;
-    if (e2 & DESC_C_MASK) {
-        if (dpl > rpl) {
-            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, new_cs & 0xfffc);
-        }
-    } else {
-        if (dpl != rpl) {
-            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, new_cs & 0xfffc);
-        }
-    }
-    if (!(e2 & DESC_P_MASK)) {
-        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0B_NOSEG, new_cs & 0xfffc);
-    }
-
-    sp += addend;
-    if (rpl == cpl && (!(env->hflags & HF_CS64_MASK) ||
-                       ((env->hflags & HF_CS64_MASK) && !is_iret))) {
-        /* return to same privilege level */
-        cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, R_CS, new_cs,
-                       get_seg_base(e1, e2),
-                       get_seg_limit(e1, e2),
-                       e2);
-    } else {
-        /* return to different privilege level */
-#ifdef TARGET_X86_64
-        if (shift == 2) {
-            POPQ(sp, new_esp);
-            POPQ(sp, new_ss);
-            new_ss &= 0xffff;
-        } else
-#endif
-        {
-            if (shift == 1) {
-                /* 32 bits */
-                POPL(ssp, sp, sp_mask, new_esp);
-                POPL(ssp, sp, sp_mask, new_ss);
-                new_ss &= 0xffff;
-            } else {
-                /* 16 bits */
-                POPW(ssp, sp, sp_mask, new_esp);
-                POPW(ssp, sp, sp_mask, new_ss);
-            }
-        }
-        LOG_PCALL("new ss:esp=%04x:" TARGET_FMT_lx "\n",
-                  new_ss, new_esp);
-        if ((new_ss & 0xfffc) == 0) {
-#ifdef TARGET_X86_64
-            /* NULL ss is allowed in long mode if cpl != 3 */
-            /* XXX: test CS64? */
-            if ((env->hflags & HF_LMA_MASK) && rpl != 3) {
-                cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, R_SS, new_ss,
-                                       0, 0xffffffff,
-                                       DESC_G_MASK | DESC_B_MASK | DESC_P_MASK |
-                                       DESC_S_MASK | (rpl << DESC_DPL_SHIFT) |
-                                       DESC_W_MASK | DESC_A_MASK);
-                ss_e2 = DESC_B_MASK; /* XXX: should not be needed? */
-            } else
-#endif
-            {
-                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, 0);
-            }
-        } else {
-            if ((new_ss & 3) != rpl) {
-                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, new_ss & 0xfffc);
-            }
-            if (load_segment(&ss_e1, &ss_e2, new_ss) != 0) {
-                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, new_ss & 0xfffc);
-            }
-            if (!(ss_e2 & DESC_S_MASK) ||
-                (ss_e2 & DESC_CS_MASK) ||
-                !(ss_e2 & DESC_W_MASK)) {
-                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, new_ss & 0xfffc);
-            }
-            dpl = (ss_e2 >> DESC_DPL_SHIFT) & 3;
-            if (dpl != rpl) {
-                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, new_ss & 0xfffc);
-            }
-            if (!(ss_e2 & DESC_P_MASK)) {
-                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0B_NOSEG, new_ss & 0xfffc);
-            }
-            cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, R_SS, new_ss,
-                                   get_seg_base(ss_e1, ss_e2),
-                                   get_seg_limit(ss_e1, ss_e2),
-                                   ss_e2);
-        }
-
-        cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, R_CS, new_cs,
-                       get_seg_base(e1, e2),
-                       get_seg_limit(e1, e2),
-                       e2);
-        cpu_x86_set_cpl(env, rpl);
-        sp = new_esp;
-#ifdef TARGET_X86_64
-        if (env->hflags & HF_CS64_MASK) {
-            sp_mask = -1;
-        } else
-#endif
-        {
-            sp_mask = get_sp_mask(ss_e2);
-        }
-
-        /* validate data segments */
-        validate_seg(R_ES, rpl);
-        validate_seg(R_DS, rpl);
-        validate_seg(R_FS, rpl);
-        validate_seg(R_GS, rpl);
-
-        sp += addend;
-    }
-    SET_ESP(sp, sp_mask);
-    env->eip = new_eip;
-    if (is_iret) {
-        /* NOTE: 'cpl' is the _old_ CPL */
-        eflags_mask = TF_MASK | AC_MASK | ID_MASK | RF_MASK | NT_MASK;
-        if (cpl == 0) {
-            eflags_mask |= IOPL_MASK;
-        }
-        iopl = (env->eflags >> IOPL_SHIFT) & 3;
-        if (cpl <= iopl) {
-            eflags_mask |= IF_MASK;
-        }
-        if (shift == 0) {
-            eflags_mask &= 0xffff;
-        }
-        cpu_load_eflags(env, new_eflags, eflags_mask);
-    }
-    return;
-
- return_to_vm86:
-    POPL(ssp, sp, sp_mask, new_esp);
-    POPL(ssp, sp, sp_mask, new_ss);
-    POPL(ssp, sp, sp_mask, new_es);
-    POPL(ssp, sp, sp_mask, new_ds);
-    POPL(ssp, sp, sp_mask, new_fs);
-    POPL(ssp, sp, sp_mask, new_gs);
-
-    /* modify processor state */
-    cpu_load_eflags(env, new_eflags, TF_MASK | AC_MASK | ID_MASK |
-                    IF_MASK | IOPL_MASK | VM_MASK | NT_MASK | VIF_MASK |
-                    VIP_MASK);
-    load_seg_vm(R_CS, new_cs & 0xffff);
-    cpu_x86_set_cpl(env, 3);
-    load_seg_vm(R_SS, new_ss & 0xffff);
-    load_seg_vm(R_ES, new_es & 0xffff);
-    load_seg_vm(R_DS, new_ds & 0xffff);
-    load_seg_vm(R_FS, new_fs & 0xffff);
-    load_seg_vm(R_GS, new_gs & 0xffff);
-
-    env->eip = new_eip & 0xffff;
-    ESP = new_esp;
-}
-
-void helper_iret_protected(int shift, int next_eip)
-{
-    int tss_selector, type;
-    uint32_t e1, e2;
-
-    /* specific case for TSS */
-    if (env->eflags & NT_MASK) {
-#ifdef TARGET_X86_64
-        if (env->hflags & HF_LMA_MASK) {
-            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, 0);
-        }
-#endif
-        tss_selector = cpu_lduw_kernel(env, env->tr.base + 0);
-        if (tss_selector & 4) {
-            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0A_TSS, tss_selector & 0xfffc);
-        }
-        if (load_segment(&e1, &e2, tss_selector) != 0) {
-            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0A_TSS, tss_selector & 0xfffc);
-        }
-        type = (e2 >> DESC_TYPE_SHIFT) & 0x17;
-        /* NOTE: we check both segment and busy TSS */
-        if (type != 3) {
-            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0A_TSS, tss_selector & 0xfffc);
-        }
-        switch_tss(tss_selector, e1, e2, SWITCH_TSS_IRET, next_eip);
-    } else {
-        helper_ret_protected(shift, 1, 0);
-    }
-    env->hflags2 &= ~HF2_NMI_MASK;
-}
-
-void helper_lret_protected(int shift, int addend)
-{
-    helper_ret_protected(shift, 0, addend);
-}
-
-void helper_sysenter(void)
-{
-    if (env->sysenter_cs == 0) {
-        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, 0);
-    }
-    env->eflags &= ~(VM_MASK | IF_MASK | RF_MASK);
-    cpu_x86_set_cpl(env, 0);
-
-#ifdef TARGET_X86_64
-    if (env->hflags & HF_LMA_MASK) {
-        cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, R_CS, env->sysenter_cs & 0xfffc,
-                               0, 0xffffffff,
-                               DESC_G_MASK | DESC_B_MASK | DESC_P_MASK |
-                               DESC_S_MASK |
-                               DESC_CS_MASK | DESC_R_MASK | DESC_A_MASK |
-                               DESC_L_MASK);
-    } else
-#endif
-    {
-        cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, R_CS, env->sysenter_cs & 0xfffc,
-                               0, 0xffffffff,
-                               DESC_G_MASK | DESC_B_MASK | DESC_P_MASK |
-                               DESC_S_MASK |
-                               DESC_CS_MASK | DESC_R_MASK | DESC_A_MASK);
-    }
-    cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, R_SS, (env->sysenter_cs + 8) & 0xfffc,
-                           0, 0xffffffff,
-                           DESC_G_MASK | DESC_B_MASK | DESC_P_MASK |
-                           DESC_S_MASK |
-                           DESC_W_MASK | DESC_A_MASK);
-    ESP = env->sysenter_esp;
-    EIP = env->sysenter_eip;
-}
-
-void helper_sysexit(int dflag)
-{
-    int cpl;
-
-    cpl = env->hflags & HF_CPL_MASK;
-    if (env->sysenter_cs == 0 || cpl != 0) {
-        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, 0);
-    }
-    cpu_x86_set_cpl(env, 3);
-#ifdef TARGET_X86_64
-    if (dflag == 2) {
-        cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, R_CS, ((env->sysenter_cs + 32) & 0xfffc) |
-                               3, 0, 0xffffffff,
-                               DESC_G_MASK | DESC_B_MASK | DESC_P_MASK |
-                               DESC_S_MASK | (3 << DESC_DPL_SHIFT) |
-                               DESC_CS_MASK | DESC_R_MASK | DESC_A_MASK |
-                               DESC_L_MASK);
-        cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, R_SS, ((env->sysenter_cs + 40) & 0xfffc) |
-                               3, 0, 0xffffffff,
-                               DESC_G_MASK | DESC_B_MASK | DESC_P_MASK |
-                               DESC_S_MASK | (3 << DESC_DPL_SHIFT) |
-                               DESC_W_MASK | DESC_A_MASK);
-    } else
-#endif
-    {
-        cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, R_CS, ((env->sysenter_cs + 16) & 0xfffc) |
-                               3, 0, 0xffffffff,
-                               DESC_G_MASK | DESC_B_MASK | DESC_P_MASK |
-                               DESC_S_MASK | (3 << DESC_DPL_SHIFT) |
-                               DESC_CS_MASK | DESC_R_MASK | DESC_A_MASK);
-        cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, R_SS, ((env->sysenter_cs + 24) & 0xfffc) |
-                               3, 0, 0xffffffff,
-                               DESC_G_MASK | DESC_B_MASK | DESC_P_MASK |
-                               DESC_S_MASK | (3 << DESC_DPL_SHIFT) |
-                               DESC_W_MASK | DESC_A_MASK);
-    }
-    ESP = ECX;
-    EIP = EDX;
-}
-
-target_ulong helper_lsl(target_ulong selector1)
-{
-    unsigned int limit;
-    uint32_t e1, e2, eflags, selector;
-    int rpl, dpl, cpl, type;
-
-    selector = selector1 & 0xffff;
-    eflags = cpu_cc_compute_all(env, CC_OP);
-    if ((selector & 0xfffc) == 0) {
-        goto fail;
-    }
-    if (load_segment(&e1, &e2, selector) != 0) {
-        goto fail;
-    }
-    rpl = selector & 3;
-    dpl = (e2 >> DESC_DPL_SHIFT) & 3;
-    cpl = env->hflags & HF_CPL_MASK;
-    if (e2 & DESC_S_MASK) {
-        if ((e2 & DESC_CS_MASK) && (e2 & DESC_C_MASK)) {
-            /* conforming */
-        } else {
-            if (dpl < cpl || dpl < rpl) {
-                goto fail;
-            }
-        }
-    } else {
-        type = (e2 >> DESC_TYPE_SHIFT) & 0xf;
-        switch (type) {
-        case 1:
-        case 2:
-        case 3:
-        case 9:
-        case 11:
-            break;
-        default:
-            goto fail;
-        }
-        if (dpl < cpl || dpl < rpl) {
-        fail:
-            CC_SRC = eflags & ~CC_Z;
-            return 0;
-        }
-    }
-    limit = get_seg_limit(e1, e2);
-    CC_SRC = eflags | CC_Z;
-    return limit;
-}
-
-target_ulong helper_lar(target_ulong selector1)
-{
-    uint32_t e1, e2, eflags, selector;
-    int rpl, dpl, cpl, type;
-
-    selector = selector1 & 0xffff;
-    eflags = cpu_cc_compute_all(env, CC_OP);
-    if ((selector & 0xfffc) == 0) {
-        goto fail;
-    }
-    if (load_segment(&e1, &e2, selector) != 0) {
-        goto fail;
-    }
-    rpl = selector & 3;
-    dpl = (e2 >> DESC_DPL_SHIFT) & 3;
-    cpl = env->hflags & HF_CPL_MASK;
-    if (e2 & DESC_S_MASK) {
-        if ((e2 & DESC_CS_MASK) && (e2 & DESC_C_MASK)) {
-            /* conforming */
-        } else {
-            if (dpl < cpl || dpl < rpl) {
-                goto fail;
-            }
-        }
-    } else {
-        type = (e2 >> DESC_TYPE_SHIFT) & 0xf;
-        switch (type) {
-        case 1:
-        case 2:
-        case 3:
-        case 4:
-        case 5:
-        case 9:
-        case 11:
-        case 12:
-            break;
-        default:
-            goto fail;
-        }
-        if (dpl < cpl || dpl < rpl) {
-        fail:
-            CC_SRC = eflags & ~CC_Z;
-            return 0;
-        }
-    }
-    CC_SRC = eflags | CC_Z;
-    return e2 & 0x00f0ff00;
-}
-
-void helper_verr(target_ulong selector1)
-{
-    uint32_t e1, e2, eflags, selector;
-    int rpl, dpl, cpl;
-
-    selector = selector1 & 0xffff;
-    eflags = cpu_cc_compute_all(env, CC_OP);
-    if ((selector & 0xfffc) == 0) {
-        goto fail;
-    }
-    if (load_segment(&e1, &e2, selector) != 0) {
-        goto fail;
-    }
-    if (!(e2 & DESC_S_MASK)) {
-        goto fail;
-    }
-    rpl = selector & 3;
-    dpl = (e2 >> DESC_DPL_SHIFT) & 3;
-    cpl = env->hflags & HF_CPL_MASK;
-    if (e2 & DESC_CS_MASK) {
-        if (!(e2 & DESC_R_MASK)) {
-            goto fail;
-        }
-        if (!(e2 & DESC_C_MASK)) {
-            if (dpl < cpl || dpl < rpl) {
-                goto fail;
-            }
-        }
-    } else {
-        if (dpl < cpl || dpl < rpl) {
-        fail:
-            CC_SRC = eflags & ~CC_Z;
-            return;
-        }
-    }
-    CC_SRC = eflags | CC_Z;
-}
-
-void helper_verw(target_ulong selector1)
-{
-    uint32_t e1, e2, eflags, selector;
-    int rpl, dpl, cpl;
-
-    selector = selector1 & 0xffff;
-    eflags = cpu_cc_compute_all(env, CC_OP);
-    if ((selector & 0xfffc) == 0) {
-        goto fail;
-    }
-    if (load_segment(&e1, &e2, selector) != 0) {
-        goto fail;
-    }
-    if (!(e2 & DESC_S_MASK)) {
-        goto fail;
-    }
-    rpl = selector & 3;
-    dpl = (e2 >> DESC_DPL_SHIFT) & 3;
-    cpl = env->hflags & HF_CPL_MASK;
-    if (e2 & DESC_CS_MASK) {
-        goto fail;
-    } else {
-        if (dpl < cpl || dpl < rpl) {
-            goto fail;
-        }
-        if (!(e2 & DESC_W_MASK)) {
-        fail:
-            CC_SRC = eflags & ~CC_Z;
-            return;
-        }
-    }
-    CC_SRC = eflags | CC_Z;
-}
-
-#if defined(CONFIG_USER_ONLY)
-void cpu_x86_load_seg(CPUX86State *s, int seg_reg, int selector)
-{
-    CPUX86State *saved_env;
-
-    saved_env = env;
-    env = s;
-    if (!(env->cr[0] & CR0_PE_MASK) || (env->eflags & VM_MASK)) {
-        selector &= 0xffff;
-        cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, seg_reg, selector,
-                               (selector << 4), 0xffff, 0);
-    } else {
-        helper_load_seg(seg_reg, selector);
-    }
-    env = saved_env;
-}
-#endif
diff --git a/target-i386/seg_helper.c b/target-i386/seg_helper.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..f136128
--- /dev/null
+++ b/target-i386/seg_helper.c
@@ -0,0 +1,2467 @@ 
+/*
+ *  x86 segmentation related helpers:
+ *  TSS, interrupts, system calls, jumps and call/task gates, descriptors
+ *
+ *  Copyright (c) 2003 Fabrice Bellard
+ *
+ * This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
+ * License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
+ * version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
+ * Lesser General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
+ * License along with this library; if not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+ */
+
+#include "cpu.h"
+#include "qemu-log.h"
+#include "helper.h"
+
+//#define DEBUG_PCALL
+
+#ifdef DEBUG_PCALL
+# define LOG_PCALL(...) qemu_log_mask(CPU_LOG_PCALL, ## __VA_ARGS__)
+# define LOG_PCALL_STATE(env)                                  \
+    log_cpu_state_mask(CPU_LOG_PCALL, (env), X86_DUMP_CCOP)
+#else
+# define LOG_PCALL(...) do { } while (0)
+# define LOG_PCALL_STATE(env) do { } while (0)
+#endif
+
+/* return non zero if error */
+static inline int load_segment(CPUX86State *env, uint32_t *e1_ptr,
+                               uint32_t *e2_ptr, int selector)
+{
+    SegmentCache *dt;
+    int index;
+    target_ulong ptr;
+
+    if (selector & 0x4) {
+        dt = &env->ldt;
+    } else {
+        dt = &env->gdt;
+    }
+    index = selector & ~7;
+    if ((index + 7) > dt->limit) {
+        return -1;
+    }
+    ptr = dt->base + index;
+    *e1_ptr = cpu_ldl_kernel(env, ptr);
+    *e2_ptr = cpu_ldl_kernel(env, ptr + 4);
+    return 0;
+}
+
+static inline unsigned int get_seg_limit(uint32_t e1, uint32_t e2)
+{
+    unsigned int limit;
+
+    limit = (e1 & 0xffff) | (e2 & 0x000f0000);
+    if (e2 & DESC_G_MASK) {
+        limit = (limit << 12) | 0xfff;
+    }
+    return limit;
+}
+
+static inline uint32_t get_seg_base(uint32_t e1, uint32_t e2)
+{
+    return (e1 >> 16) | ((e2 & 0xff) << 16) | (e2 & 0xff000000);
+}
+
+static inline void load_seg_cache_raw_dt(SegmentCache *sc, uint32_t e1,
+                                         uint32_t e2)
+{
+    sc->base = get_seg_base(e1, e2);
+    sc->limit = get_seg_limit(e1, e2);
+    sc->flags = e2;
+}
+
+/* init the segment cache in vm86 mode. */
+static inline void load_seg_vm(CPUX86State *env, int seg, int selector)
+{
+    selector &= 0xffff;
+    cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, seg, selector,
+                           (selector << 4), 0xffff, 0);
+}
+
+static inline void get_ss_esp_from_tss(CPUX86State *env, uint32_t *ss_ptr,
+                                       uint32_t *esp_ptr, int dpl)
+{
+    int type, index, shift;
+
+#if 0
+    {
+        int i;
+        printf("TR: base=%p limit=%x\n", env->tr.base, env->tr.limit);
+        for (i = 0; i < env->tr.limit; i++) {
+            printf("%02x ", env->tr.base[i]);
+            if ((i & 7) == 7) {
+                printf("\n");
+            }
+        }
+        printf("\n");
+    }
+#endif
+
+    if (!(env->tr.flags & DESC_P_MASK)) {
+        cpu_abort(env, "invalid tss");
+    }
+    type = (env->tr.flags >> DESC_TYPE_SHIFT) & 0xf;
+    if ((type & 7) != 1) {
+        cpu_abort(env, "invalid tss type");
+    }
+    shift = type >> 3;
+    index = (dpl * 4 + 2) << shift;
+    if (index + (4 << shift) - 1 > env->tr.limit) {
+        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0A_TSS, env->tr.selector & 0xfffc);
+    }
+    if (shift == 0) {
+        *esp_ptr = cpu_lduw_kernel(env, env->tr.base + index);
+        *ss_ptr = cpu_lduw_kernel(env, env->tr.base + index + 2);
+    } else {
+        *esp_ptr = cpu_ldl_kernel(env, env->tr.base + index);
+        *ss_ptr = cpu_lduw_kernel(env, env->tr.base + index + 4);
+    }
+}
+
+/* XXX: merge with load_seg() */
+static void tss_load_seg(CPUX86State *env, int seg_reg, int selector)
+{
+    uint32_t e1, e2;
+    int rpl, dpl, cpl;
+
+    if ((selector & 0xfffc) != 0) {
+        if (load_segment(env, &e1, &e2, selector) != 0) {
+            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0A_TSS, selector & 0xfffc);
+        }
+        if (!(e2 & DESC_S_MASK)) {
+            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0A_TSS, selector & 0xfffc);
+        }
+        rpl = selector & 3;
+        dpl = (e2 >> DESC_DPL_SHIFT) & 3;
+        cpl = env->hflags & HF_CPL_MASK;
+        if (seg_reg == R_CS) {
+            if (!(e2 & DESC_CS_MASK)) {
+                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0A_TSS, selector & 0xfffc);
+            }
+            /* XXX: is it correct? */
+            if (dpl != rpl) {
+                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0A_TSS, selector & 0xfffc);
+            }
+            if ((e2 & DESC_C_MASK) && dpl > rpl) {
+                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0A_TSS, selector & 0xfffc);
+            }
+        } else if (seg_reg == R_SS) {
+            /* SS must be writable data */
+            if ((e2 & DESC_CS_MASK) || !(e2 & DESC_W_MASK)) {
+                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0A_TSS, selector & 0xfffc);
+            }
+            if (dpl != cpl || dpl != rpl) {
+                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0A_TSS, selector & 0xfffc);
+            }
+        } else {
+            /* not readable code */
+            if ((e2 & DESC_CS_MASK) && !(e2 & DESC_R_MASK)) {
+                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0A_TSS, selector & 0xfffc);
+            }
+            /* if data or non conforming code, checks the rights */
+            if (((e2 >> DESC_TYPE_SHIFT) & 0xf) < 12) {
+                if (dpl < cpl || dpl < rpl) {
+                    raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0A_TSS, selector & 0xfffc);
+                }
+            }
+        }
+        if (!(e2 & DESC_P_MASK)) {
+            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0B_NOSEG, selector & 0xfffc);
+        }
+        cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, seg_reg, selector,
+                               get_seg_base(e1, e2),
+                               get_seg_limit(e1, e2),
+                               e2);
+    } else {
+        if (seg_reg == R_SS || seg_reg == R_CS) {
+            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0A_TSS, selector & 0xfffc);
+        }
+    }
+}
+
+#define SWITCH_TSS_JMP  0
+#define SWITCH_TSS_IRET 1
+#define SWITCH_TSS_CALL 2
+
+/* XXX: restore CPU state in registers (PowerPC case) */
+static void switch_tss(CPUX86State *env, int tss_selector,
+                       uint32_t e1, uint32_t e2, int source,
+                       uint32_t next_eip)
+{
+    int tss_limit, tss_limit_max, type, old_tss_limit_max, old_type, v1, v2, i;
+    target_ulong tss_base;
+    uint32_t new_regs[8], new_segs[6];
+    uint32_t new_eflags, new_eip, new_cr3, new_ldt, new_trap;
+    uint32_t old_eflags, eflags_mask;
+    SegmentCache *dt;
+    int index;
+    target_ulong ptr;
+
+    type = (e2 >> DESC_TYPE_SHIFT) & 0xf;
+    LOG_PCALL("switch_tss: sel=0x%04x type=%d src=%d\n", tss_selector, type,
+              source);
+
+    /* if task gate, we read the TSS segment and we load it */
+    if (type == 5) {
+        if (!(e2 & DESC_P_MASK)) {
+            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0B_NOSEG, tss_selector & 0xfffc);
+        }
+        tss_selector = e1 >> 16;
+        if (tss_selector & 4) {
+            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0A_TSS, tss_selector & 0xfffc);
+        }
+        if (load_segment(env, &e1, &e2, tss_selector) != 0) {
+            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, tss_selector & 0xfffc);
+        }
+        if (e2 & DESC_S_MASK) {
+            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, tss_selector & 0xfffc);
+        }
+        type = (e2 >> DESC_TYPE_SHIFT) & 0xf;
+        if ((type & 7) != 1) {
+            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, tss_selector & 0xfffc);
+        }
+    }
+
+    if (!(e2 & DESC_P_MASK)) {
+        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0B_NOSEG, tss_selector & 0xfffc);
+    }
+
+    if (type & 8) {
+        tss_limit_max = 103;
+    } else {
+        tss_limit_max = 43;
+    }
+    tss_limit = get_seg_limit(e1, e2);
+    tss_base = get_seg_base(e1, e2);
+    if ((tss_selector & 4) != 0 ||
+        tss_limit < tss_limit_max) {
+        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0A_TSS, tss_selector & 0xfffc);
+    }
+    old_type = (env->tr.flags >> DESC_TYPE_SHIFT) & 0xf;
+    if (old_type & 8) {
+        old_tss_limit_max = 103;
+    } else {
+        old_tss_limit_max = 43;
+    }
+
+    /* read all the registers from the new TSS */
+    if (type & 8) {
+        /* 32 bit */
+        new_cr3 = cpu_ldl_kernel(env, tss_base + 0x1c);
+        new_eip = cpu_ldl_kernel(env, tss_base + 0x20);
+        new_eflags = cpu_ldl_kernel(env, tss_base + 0x24);
+        for (i = 0; i < 8; i++) {
+            new_regs[i] = cpu_ldl_kernel(env, tss_base + (0x28 + i * 4));
+        }
+        for (i = 0; i < 6; i++) {
+            new_segs[i] = cpu_lduw_kernel(env, tss_base + (0x48 + i * 4));
+        }
+        new_ldt = cpu_lduw_kernel(env, tss_base + 0x60);
+        new_trap = cpu_ldl_kernel(env, tss_base + 0x64);
+    } else {
+        /* 16 bit */
+        new_cr3 = 0;
+        new_eip = cpu_lduw_kernel(env, tss_base + 0x0e);
+        new_eflags = cpu_lduw_kernel(env, tss_base + 0x10);
+        for (i = 0; i < 8; i++) {
+            new_regs[i] = cpu_lduw_kernel(env, tss_base + (0x12 + i * 2)) |
+                0xffff0000;
+        }
+        for (i = 0; i < 4; i++) {
+            new_segs[i] = cpu_lduw_kernel(env, tss_base + (0x22 + i * 4));
+        }
+        new_ldt = cpu_lduw_kernel(env, tss_base + 0x2a);
+        new_segs[R_FS] = 0;
+        new_segs[R_GS] = 0;
+        new_trap = 0;
+    }
+    /* XXX: avoid a compiler warning, see
+     http://support.amd.com/us/Processor_TechDocs/24593.pdf
+     chapters 12.2.5 and 13.2.4 on how to implement TSS Trap bit */
+    (void)new_trap;
+
+    /* NOTE: we must avoid memory exceptions during the task switch,
+       so we make dummy accesses before */
+    /* XXX: it can still fail in some cases, so a bigger hack is
+       necessary to valid the TLB after having done the accesses */
+
+    v1 = cpu_ldub_kernel(env, env->tr.base);
+    v2 = cpu_ldub_kernel(env, env->tr.base + old_tss_limit_max);
+    cpu_stb_kernel(env, env->tr.base, v1);
+    cpu_stb_kernel(env, env->tr.base + old_tss_limit_max, v2);
+
+    /* clear busy bit (it is restartable) */
+    if (source == SWITCH_TSS_JMP || source == SWITCH_TSS_IRET) {
+        target_ulong ptr;
+        uint32_t e2;
+
+        ptr = env->gdt.base + (env->tr.selector & ~7);
+        e2 = cpu_ldl_kernel(env, ptr + 4);
+        e2 &= ~DESC_TSS_BUSY_MASK;
+        cpu_stl_kernel(env, ptr + 4, e2);
+    }
+    old_eflags = cpu_compute_eflags(env);
+    if (source == SWITCH_TSS_IRET) {
+        old_eflags &= ~NT_MASK;
+    }
+
+    /* save the current state in the old TSS */
+    if (type & 8) {
+        /* 32 bit */
+        cpu_stl_kernel(env, env->tr.base + 0x20, next_eip);
+        cpu_stl_kernel(env, env->tr.base + 0x24, old_eflags);
+        cpu_stl_kernel(env, env->tr.base + (0x28 + 0 * 4), EAX);
+        cpu_stl_kernel(env, env->tr.base + (0x28 + 1 * 4), ECX);
+        cpu_stl_kernel(env, env->tr.base + (0x28 + 2 * 4), EDX);
+        cpu_stl_kernel(env, env->tr.base + (0x28 + 3 * 4), EBX);
+        cpu_stl_kernel(env, env->tr.base + (0x28 + 4 * 4), ESP);
+        cpu_stl_kernel(env, env->tr.base + (0x28 + 5 * 4), EBP);
+        cpu_stl_kernel(env, env->tr.base + (0x28 + 6 * 4), ESI);
+        cpu_stl_kernel(env, env->tr.base + (0x28 + 7 * 4), EDI);
+        for (i = 0; i < 6; i++) {
+            cpu_stw_kernel(env, env->tr.base + (0x48 + i * 4),
+                           env->segs[i].selector);
+        }
+    } else {
+        /* 16 bit */
+        cpu_stw_kernel(env, env->tr.base + 0x0e, next_eip);
+        cpu_stw_kernel(env, env->tr.base + 0x10, old_eflags);
+        cpu_stw_kernel(env, env->tr.base + (0x12 + 0 * 2), EAX);
+        cpu_stw_kernel(env, env->tr.base + (0x12 + 1 * 2), ECX);
+        cpu_stw_kernel(env, env->tr.base + (0x12 + 2 * 2), EDX);
+        cpu_stw_kernel(env, env->tr.base + (0x12 + 3 * 2), EBX);
+        cpu_stw_kernel(env, env->tr.base + (0x12 + 4 * 2), ESP);
+        cpu_stw_kernel(env, env->tr.base + (0x12 + 5 * 2), EBP);
+        cpu_stw_kernel(env, env->tr.base + (0x12 + 6 * 2), ESI);
+        cpu_stw_kernel(env, env->tr.base + (0x12 + 7 * 2), EDI);
+        for (i = 0; i < 4; i++) {
+            cpu_stw_kernel(env, env->tr.base + (0x22 + i * 4),
+                           env->segs[i].selector);
+        }
+    }
+
+    /* now if an exception occurs, it will occurs in the next task
+       context */
+
+    if (source == SWITCH_TSS_CALL) {
+        cpu_stw_kernel(env, tss_base, env->tr.selector);
+        new_eflags |= NT_MASK;
+    }
+
+    /* set busy bit */
+    if (source == SWITCH_TSS_JMP || source == SWITCH_TSS_CALL) {
+        target_ulong ptr;
+        uint32_t e2;
+
+        ptr = env->gdt.base + (tss_selector & ~7);
+        e2 = cpu_ldl_kernel(env, ptr + 4);
+        e2 |= DESC_TSS_BUSY_MASK;
+        cpu_stl_kernel(env, ptr + 4, e2);
+    }
+
+    /* set the new CPU state */
+    /* from this point, any exception which occurs can give problems */
+    env->cr[0] |= CR0_TS_MASK;
+    env->hflags |= HF_TS_MASK;
+    env->tr.selector = tss_selector;
+    env->tr.base = tss_base;
+    env->tr.limit = tss_limit;
+    env->tr.flags = e2 & ~DESC_TSS_BUSY_MASK;
+
+    if ((type & 8) && (env->cr[0] & CR0_PG_MASK)) {
+        cpu_x86_update_cr3(env, new_cr3);
+    }
+
+    /* load all registers without an exception, then reload them with
+       possible exception */
+    env->eip = new_eip;
+    eflags_mask = TF_MASK | AC_MASK | ID_MASK |
+        IF_MASK | IOPL_MASK | VM_MASK | RF_MASK | NT_MASK;
+    if (!(type & 8)) {
+        eflags_mask &= 0xffff;
+    }
+    cpu_load_eflags(env, new_eflags, eflags_mask);
+    /* XXX: what to do in 16 bit case? */
+    EAX = new_regs[0];
+    ECX = new_regs[1];
+    EDX = new_regs[2];
+    EBX = new_regs[3];
+    ESP = new_regs[4];
+    EBP = new_regs[5];
+    ESI = new_regs[6];
+    EDI = new_regs[7];
+    if (new_eflags & VM_MASK) {
+        for (i = 0; i < 6; i++) {
+            load_seg_vm(env, i, new_segs[i]);
+        }
+        /* in vm86, CPL is always 3 */
+        cpu_x86_set_cpl(env, 3);
+    } else {
+        /* CPL is set the RPL of CS */
+        cpu_x86_set_cpl(env, new_segs[R_CS] & 3);
+        /* first just selectors as the rest may trigger exceptions */
+        for (i = 0; i < 6; i++) {
+            cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, i, new_segs[i], 0, 0, 0);
+        }
+    }
+
+    env->ldt.selector = new_ldt & ~4;
+    env->ldt.base = 0;
+    env->ldt.limit = 0;
+    env->ldt.flags = 0;
+
+    /* load the LDT */
+    if (new_ldt & 4) {
+        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0A_TSS, new_ldt & 0xfffc);
+    }
+
+    if ((new_ldt & 0xfffc) != 0) {
+        dt = &env->gdt;
+        index = new_ldt & ~7;
+        if ((index + 7) > dt->limit) {
+            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0A_TSS, new_ldt & 0xfffc);
+        }
+        ptr = dt->base + index;
+        e1 = cpu_ldl_kernel(env, ptr);
+        e2 = cpu_ldl_kernel(env, ptr + 4);
+        if ((e2 & DESC_S_MASK) || ((e2 >> DESC_TYPE_SHIFT) & 0xf) != 2) {
+            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0A_TSS, new_ldt & 0xfffc);
+        }
+        if (!(e2 & DESC_P_MASK)) {
+            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0A_TSS, new_ldt & 0xfffc);
+        }
+        load_seg_cache_raw_dt(&env->ldt, e1, e2);
+    }
+
+    /* load the segments */
+    if (!(new_eflags & VM_MASK)) {
+        tss_load_seg(env, R_CS, new_segs[R_CS]);
+        tss_load_seg(env, R_SS, new_segs[R_SS]);
+        tss_load_seg(env, R_ES, new_segs[R_ES]);
+        tss_load_seg(env, R_DS, new_segs[R_DS]);
+        tss_load_seg(env, R_FS, new_segs[R_FS]);
+        tss_load_seg(env, R_GS, new_segs[R_GS]);
+    }
+
+    /* check that EIP is in the CS segment limits */
+    if (new_eip > env->segs[R_CS].limit) {
+        /* XXX: different exception if CALL? */
+        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, 0);
+    }
+
+#ifndef CONFIG_USER_ONLY
+    /* reset local breakpoints */
+    if (env->dr[7] & 0x55) {
+        for (i = 0; i < 4; i++) {
+            if (hw_breakpoint_enabled(env->dr[7], i) == 0x1) {
+                hw_breakpoint_remove(env, i);
+            }
+        }
+        env->dr[7] &= ~0x55;
+    }
+#endif
+}
+
+static inline unsigned int get_sp_mask(unsigned int e2)
+{
+    if (e2 & DESC_B_MASK) {
+        return 0xffffffff;
+    } else {
+        return 0xffff;
+    }
+}
+
+static int exception_has_error_code(int intno)
+{
+    switch (intno) {
+    case 8:
+    case 10:
+    case 11:
+    case 12:
+    case 13:
+    case 14:
+    case 17:
+        return 1;
+    }
+    return 0;
+}
+
+#ifdef TARGET_X86_64
+#define SET_ESP(val, sp_mask)                           \
+    do {                                                \
+        if ((sp_mask) == 0xffff) {                      \
+            ESP = (ESP & ~0xffff) | ((val) & 0xffff);   \
+        } else if ((sp_mask) == 0xffffffffLL) {         \
+            ESP = (uint32_t)(val);                      \
+        } else {                                        \
+            ESP = (val);                                \
+        }                                               \
+    } while (0)
+#else
+#define SET_ESP(val, sp_mask)                           \
+    do {                                                \
+        ESP = (ESP & ~(sp_mask)) | ((val) & (sp_mask)); \
+    } while (0)
+#endif
+
+/* in 64-bit machines, this can overflow. So this segment addition macro
+ * can be used to trim the value to 32-bit whenever needed */
+#define SEG_ADDL(ssp, sp, sp_mask) ((uint32_t)((ssp) + (sp & (sp_mask))))
+
+/* XXX: add a is_user flag to have proper security support */
+#define PUSHW(ssp, sp, sp_mask, val)                             \
+    {                                                            \
+        sp -= 2;                                                 \
+        cpu_stw_kernel(env, (ssp) + (sp & (sp_mask)), (val));    \
+    }
+
+#define PUSHL(ssp, sp, sp_mask, val)                                    \
+    {                                                                   \
+        sp -= 4;                                                        \
+        cpu_stl_kernel(env, SEG_ADDL(ssp, sp, sp_mask), (uint32_t)(val)); \
+    }
+
+#define POPW(ssp, sp, sp_mask, val)                              \
+    {                                                            \
+        val = cpu_lduw_kernel(env, (ssp) + (sp & (sp_mask)));    \
+        sp += 2;                                                 \
+    }
+
+#define POPL(ssp, sp, sp_mask, val)                                     \
+    {                                                                   \
+        val = (uint32_t)cpu_ldl_kernel(env, SEG_ADDL(ssp, sp, sp_mask)); \
+        sp += 4;                                                        \
+    }
+
+/* protected mode interrupt */
+static void do_interrupt_protected(CPUX86State *env, int intno, int is_int,
+                                   int error_code, unsigned int next_eip,
+                                   int is_hw)
+{
+    SegmentCache *dt;
+    target_ulong ptr, ssp;
+    int type, dpl, selector, ss_dpl, cpl;
+    int has_error_code, new_stack, shift;
+    uint32_t e1, e2, offset, ss = 0, esp, ss_e1 = 0, ss_e2 = 0;
+    uint32_t old_eip, sp_mask;
+
+    has_error_code = 0;
+    if (!is_int && !is_hw) {
+        has_error_code = exception_has_error_code(intno);
+    }
+    if (is_int) {
+        old_eip = next_eip;
+    } else {
+        old_eip = env->eip;
+    }
+
+    dt = &env->idt;
+    if (intno * 8 + 7 > dt->limit) {
+        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, intno * 8 + 2);
+    }
+    ptr = dt->base + intno * 8;
+    e1 = cpu_ldl_kernel(env, ptr);
+    e2 = cpu_ldl_kernel(env, ptr + 4);
+    /* check gate type */
+    type = (e2 >> DESC_TYPE_SHIFT) & 0x1f;
+    switch (type) {
+    case 5: /* task gate */
+        /* must do that check here to return the correct error code */
+        if (!(e2 & DESC_P_MASK)) {
+            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0B_NOSEG, intno * 8 + 2);
+        }
+        switch_tss(env, intno * 8, e1, e2, SWITCH_TSS_CALL, old_eip);
+        if (has_error_code) {
+            int type;
+            uint32_t mask;
+
+            /* push the error code */
+            type = (env->tr.flags >> DESC_TYPE_SHIFT) & 0xf;
+            shift = type >> 3;
+            if (env->segs[R_SS].flags & DESC_B_MASK) {
+                mask = 0xffffffff;
+            } else {
+                mask = 0xffff;
+            }
+            esp = (ESP - (2 << shift)) & mask;
+            ssp = env->segs[R_SS].base + esp;
+            if (shift) {
+                cpu_stl_kernel(env, ssp, error_code);
+            } else {
+                cpu_stw_kernel(env, ssp, error_code);
+            }
+            SET_ESP(esp, mask);
+        }
+        return;
+    case 6: /* 286 interrupt gate */
+    case 7: /* 286 trap gate */
+    case 14: /* 386 interrupt gate */
+    case 15: /* 386 trap gate */
+        break;
+    default:
+        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, intno * 8 + 2);
+        break;
+    }
+    dpl = (e2 >> DESC_DPL_SHIFT) & 3;
+    cpl = env->hflags & HF_CPL_MASK;
+    /* check privilege if software int */
+    if (is_int && dpl < cpl) {
+        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, intno * 8 + 2);
+    }
+    /* check valid bit */
+    if (!(e2 & DESC_P_MASK)) {
+        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0B_NOSEG, intno * 8 + 2);
+    }
+    selector = e1 >> 16;
+    offset = (e2 & 0xffff0000) | (e1 & 0x0000ffff);
+    if ((selector & 0xfffc) == 0) {
+        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, 0);
+    }
+    if (load_segment(env, &e1, &e2, selector) != 0) {
+        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, selector & 0xfffc);
+    }
+    if (!(e2 & DESC_S_MASK) || !(e2 & (DESC_CS_MASK))) {
+        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, selector & 0xfffc);
+    }
+    dpl = (e2 >> DESC_DPL_SHIFT) & 3;
+    if (dpl > cpl) {
+        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, selector & 0xfffc);
+    }
+    if (!(e2 & DESC_P_MASK)) {
+        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0B_NOSEG, selector & 0xfffc);
+    }
+    if (!(e2 & DESC_C_MASK) && dpl < cpl) {
+        /* to inner privilege */
+        get_ss_esp_from_tss(env, &ss, &esp, dpl);
+        if ((ss & 0xfffc) == 0) {
+            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0A_TSS, ss & 0xfffc);
+        }
+        if ((ss & 3) != dpl) {
+            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0A_TSS, ss & 0xfffc);
+        }
+        if (load_segment(env, &ss_e1, &ss_e2, ss) != 0) {
+            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0A_TSS, ss & 0xfffc);
+        }
+        ss_dpl = (ss_e2 >> DESC_DPL_SHIFT) & 3;
+        if (ss_dpl != dpl) {
+            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0A_TSS, ss & 0xfffc);
+        }
+        if (!(ss_e2 & DESC_S_MASK) ||
+            (ss_e2 & DESC_CS_MASK) ||
+            !(ss_e2 & DESC_W_MASK)) {
+            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0A_TSS, ss & 0xfffc);
+        }
+        if (!(ss_e2 & DESC_P_MASK)) {
+            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0A_TSS, ss & 0xfffc);
+        }
+        new_stack = 1;
+        sp_mask = get_sp_mask(ss_e2);
+        ssp = get_seg_base(ss_e1, ss_e2);
+    } else if ((e2 & DESC_C_MASK) || dpl == cpl) {
+        /* to same privilege */
+        if (env->eflags & VM_MASK) {
+            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, selector & 0xfffc);
+        }
+        new_stack = 0;
+        sp_mask = get_sp_mask(env->segs[R_SS].flags);
+        ssp = env->segs[R_SS].base;
+        esp = ESP;
+        dpl = cpl;
+    } else {
+        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, selector & 0xfffc);
+        new_stack = 0; /* avoid warning */
+        sp_mask = 0; /* avoid warning */
+        ssp = 0; /* avoid warning */
+        esp = 0; /* avoid warning */
+    }
+
+    shift = type >> 3;
+
+#if 0
+    /* XXX: check that enough room is available */
+    push_size = 6 + (new_stack << 2) + (has_error_code << 1);
+    if (env->eflags & VM_MASK) {
+        push_size += 8;
+    }
+    push_size <<= shift;
+#endif
+    if (shift == 1) {
+        if (new_stack) {
+            if (env->eflags & VM_MASK) {
+                PUSHL(ssp, esp, sp_mask, env->segs[R_GS].selector);
+                PUSHL(ssp, esp, sp_mask, env->segs[R_FS].selector);
+                PUSHL(ssp, esp, sp_mask, env->segs[R_DS].selector);
+                PUSHL(ssp, esp, sp_mask, env->segs[R_ES].selector);
+            }
+            PUSHL(ssp, esp, sp_mask, env->segs[R_SS].selector);
+            PUSHL(ssp, esp, sp_mask, ESP);
+        }
+        PUSHL(ssp, esp, sp_mask, cpu_compute_eflags(env));
+        PUSHL(ssp, esp, sp_mask, env->segs[R_CS].selector);
+        PUSHL(ssp, esp, sp_mask, old_eip);
+        if (has_error_code) {
+            PUSHL(ssp, esp, sp_mask, error_code);
+        }
+    } else {
+        if (new_stack) {
+            if (env->eflags & VM_MASK) {
+                PUSHW(ssp, esp, sp_mask, env->segs[R_GS].selector);
+                PUSHW(ssp, esp, sp_mask, env->segs[R_FS].selector);
+                PUSHW(ssp, esp, sp_mask, env->segs[R_DS].selector);
+                PUSHW(ssp, esp, sp_mask, env->segs[R_ES].selector);
+            }
+            PUSHW(ssp, esp, sp_mask, env->segs[R_SS].selector);
+            PUSHW(ssp, esp, sp_mask, ESP);
+        }
+        PUSHW(ssp, esp, sp_mask, cpu_compute_eflags(env));
+        PUSHW(ssp, esp, sp_mask, env->segs[R_CS].selector);
+        PUSHW(ssp, esp, sp_mask, old_eip);
+        if (has_error_code) {
+            PUSHW(ssp, esp, sp_mask, error_code);
+        }
+    }
+
+    if (new_stack) {
+        if (env->eflags & VM_MASK) {
+            cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, R_ES, 0, 0, 0, 0);
+            cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, R_DS, 0, 0, 0, 0);
+            cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, R_FS, 0, 0, 0, 0);
+            cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, R_GS, 0, 0, 0, 0);
+        }
+        ss = (ss & ~3) | dpl;
+        cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, R_SS, ss,
+                               ssp, get_seg_limit(ss_e1, ss_e2), ss_e2);
+    }
+    SET_ESP(esp, sp_mask);
+
+    selector = (selector & ~3) | dpl;
+    cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, R_CS, selector,
+                   get_seg_base(e1, e2),
+                   get_seg_limit(e1, e2),
+                   e2);
+    cpu_x86_set_cpl(env, dpl);
+    env->eip = offset;
+
+    /* interrupt gate clear IF mask */
+    if ((type & 1) == 0) {
+        env->eflags &= ~IF_MASK;
+    }
+    env->eflags &= ~(TF_MASK | VM_MASK | RF_MASK | NT_MASK);
+}
+
+#ifdef TARGET_X86_64
+
+#define PUSHQ(sp, val)                          \
+    {                                           \
+        sp -= 8;                                \
+        cpu_stq_kernel(env, sp, (val));         \
+    }
+
+#define POPQ(sp, val)                           \
+    {                                           \
+        val = cpu_ldq_kernel(env, sp);          \
+        sp += 8;                                \
+    }
+
+static inline target_ulong get_rsp_from_tss(CPUX86State *env, int level)
+{
+    int index;
+
+#if 0
+    printf("TR: base=" TARGET_FMT_lx " limit=%x\n",
+           env->tr.base, env->tr.limit);
+#endif
+
+    if (!(env->tr.flags & DESC_P_MASK)) {
+        cpu_abort(env, "invalid tss");
+    }
+    index = 8 * level + 4;
+    if ((index + 7) > env->tr.limit) {
+        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0A_TSS, env->tr.selector & 0xfffc);
+    }
+    return cpu_ldq_kernel(env, env->tr.base + index);
+}
+
+/* 64 bit interrupt */
+static void do_interrupt64(CPUX86State *env, int intno, int is_int,
+                           int error_code, target_ulong next_eip, int is_hw)
+{
+    SegmentCache *dt;
+    target_ulong ptr;
+    int type, dpl, selector, cpl, ist;
+    int has_error_code, new_stack;
+    uint32_t e1, e2, e3, ss;
+    target_ulong old_eip, esp, offset;
+
+    has_error_code = 0;
+    if (!is_int && !is_hw) {
+        has_error_code = exception_has_error_code(intno);
+    }
+    if (is_int) {
+        old_eip = next_eip;
+    } else {
+        old_eip = env->eip;
+    }
+
+    dt = &env->idt;
+    if (intno * 16 + 15 > dt->limit) {
+        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, intno * 16 + 2);
+    }
+    ptr = dt->base + intno * 16;
+    e1 = cpu_ldl_kernel(env, ptr);
+    e2 = cpu_ldl_kernel(env, ptr + 4);
+    e3 = cpu_ldl_kernel(env, ptr + 8);
+    /* check gate type */
+    type = (e2 >> DESC_TYPE_SHIFT) & 0x1f;
+    switch (type) {
+    case 14: /* 386 interrupt gate */
+    case 15: /* 386 trap gate */
+        break;
+    default:
+        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, intno * 16 + 2);
+        break;
+    }
+    dpl = (e2 >> DESC_DPL_SHIFT) & 3;
+    cpl = env->hflags & HF_CPL_MASK;
+    /* check privilege if software int */
+    if (is_int && dpl < cpl) {
+        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, intno * 16 + 2);
+    }
+    /* check valid bit */
+    if (!(e2 & DESC_P_MASK)) {
+        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0B_NOSEG, intno * 16 + 2);
+    }
+    selector = e1 >> 16;
+    offset = ((target_ulong)e3 << 32) | (e2 & 0xffff0000) | (e1 & 0x0000ffff);
+    ist = e2 & 7;
+    if ((selector & 0xfffc) == 0) {
+        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, 0);
+    }
+
+    if (load_segment(env, &e1, &e2, selector) != 0) {
+        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, selector & 0xfffc);
+    }
+    if (!(e2 & DESC_S_MASK) || !(e2 & (DESC_CS_MASK))) {
+        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, selector & 0xfffc);
+    }
+    dpl = (e2 >> DESC_DPL_SHIFT) & 3;
+    if (dpl > cpl) {
+        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, selector & 0xfffc);
+    }
+    if (!(e2 & DESC_P_MASK)) {
+        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0B_NOSEG, selector & 0xfffc);
+    }
+    if (!(e2 & DESC_L_MASK) || (e2 & DESC_B_MASK)) {
+        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, selector & 0xfffc);
+    }
+    if ((!(e2 & DESC_C_MASK) && dpl < cpl) || ist != 0) {
+        /* to inner privilege */
+        if (ist != 0) {
+            esp = get_rsp_from_tss(env, ist + 3);
+        } else {
+            esp = get_rsp_from_tss(env, dpl);
+        }
+        esp &= ~0xfLL; /* align stack */
+        ss = 0;
+        new_stack = 1;
+    } else if ((e2 & DESC_C_MASK) || dpl == cpl) {
+        /* to same privilege */
+        if (env->eflags & VM_MASK) {
+            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, selector & 0xfffc);
+        }
+        new_stack = 0;
+        if (ist != 0) {
+            esp = get_rsp_from_tss(env, ist + 3);
+        } else {
+            esp = ESP;
+        }
+        esp &= ~0xfLL; /* align stack */
+        dpl = cpl;
+    } else {
+        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, selector & 0xfffc);
+        new_stack = 0; /* avoid warning */
+        esp = 0; /* avoid warning */
+    }
+
+    PUSHQ(esp, env->segs[R_SS].selector);
+    PUSHQ(esp, ESP);
+    PUSHQ(esp, cpu_compute_eflags(env));
+    PUSHQ(esp, env->segs[R_CS].selector);
+    PUSHQ(esp, old_eip);
+    if (has_error_code) {
+        PUSHQ(esp, error_code);
+    }
+
+    if (new_stack) {
+        ss = 0 | dpl;
+        cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, R_SS, ss, 0, 0, 0);
+    }
+    ESP = esp;
+
+    selector = (selector & ~3) | dpl;
+    cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, R_CS, selector,
+                   get_seg_base(e1, e2),
+                   get_seg_limit(e1, e2),
+                   e2);
+    cpu_x86_set_cpl(env, dpl);
+    env->eip = offset;
+
+    /* interrupt gate clear IF mask */
+    if ((type & 1) == 0) {
+        env->eflags &= ~IF_MASK;
+    }
+    env->eflags &= ~(TF_MASK | VM_MASK | RF_MASK | NT_MASK);
+}
+#endif
+
+#ifdef TARGET_X86_64
+#if defined(CONFIG_USER_ONLY)
+void helper_syscall(CPUX86State *env, int next_eip_addend)
+{
+    env->exception_index = EXCP_SYSCALL;
+    env->exception_next_eip = env->eip + next_eip_addend;
+    cpu_loop_exit(env);
+}
+#else
+void helper_syscall(CPUX86State *env, int next_eip_addend)
+{
+    int selector;
+
+    if (!(env->efer & MSR_EFER_SCE)) {
+        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP06_ILLOP, 0);
+    }
+    selector = (env->star >> 32) & 0xffff;
+    if (env->hflags & HF_LMA_MASK) {
+        int code64;
+
+        ECX = env->eip + next_eip_addend;
+        env->regs[11] = cpu_compute_eflags(env);
+
+        code64 = env->hflags & HF_CS64_MASK;
+
+        cpu_x86_set_cpl(env, 0);
+        cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, R_CS, selector & 0xfffc,
+                           0, 0xffffffff,
+                               DESC_G_MASK | DESC_P_MASK |
+                               DESC_S_MASK |
+                               DESC_CS_MASK | DESC_R_MASK | DESC_A_MASK |
+                               DESC_L_MASK);
+        cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, R_SS, (selector + 8) & 0xfffc,
+                               0, 0xffffffff,
+                               DESC_G_MASK | DESC_B_MASK | DESC_P_MASK |
+                               DESC_S_MASK |
+                               DESC_W_MASK | DESC_A_MASK);
+        env->eflags &= ~env->fmask;
+        cpu_load_eflags(env, env->eflags, 0);
+        if (code64) {
+            env->eip = env->lstar;
+        } else {
+            env->eip = env->cstar;
+        }
+    } else {
+        ECX = (uint32_t)(env->eip + next_eip_addend);
+
+        cpu_x86_set_cpl(env, 0);
+        cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, R_CS, selector & 0xfffc,
+                           0, 0xffffffff,
+                               DESC_G_MASK | DESC_B_MASK | DESC_P_MASK |
+                               DESC_S_MASK |
+                               DESC_CS_MASK | DESC_R_MASK | DESC_A_MASK);
+        cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, R_SS, (selector + 8) & 0xfffc,
+                               0, 0xffffffff,
+                               DESC_G_MASK | DESC_B_MASK | DESC_P_MASK |
+                               DESC_S_MASK |
+                               DESC_W_MASK | DESC_A_MASK);
+        env->eflags &= ~(IF_MASK | RF_MASK | VM_MASK);
+        env->eip = (uint32_t)env->star;
+    }
+}
+#endif
+#endif
+
+#ifdef TARGET_X86_64
+void helper_sysret(CPUX86State *env, int dflag)
+{
+    int cpl, selector;
+
+    if (!(env->efer & MSR_EFER_SCE)) {
+        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP06_ILLOP, 0);
+    }
+    cpl = env->hflags & HF_CPL_MASK;
+    if (!(env->cr[0] & CR0_PE_MASK) || cpl != 0) {
+        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, 0);
+    }
+    selector = (env->star >> 48) & 0xffff;
+    if (env->hflags & HF_LMA_MASK) {
+        if (dflag == 2) {
+            cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, R_CS, (selector + 16) | 3,
+                                   0, 0xffffffff,
+                                   DESC_G_MASK | DESC_P_MASK |
+                                   DESC_S_MASK | (3 << DESC_DPL_SHIFT) |
+                                   DESC_CS_MASK | DESC_R_MASK | DESC_A_MASK |
+                                   DESC_L_MASK);
+            env->eip = ECX;
+        } else {
+            cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, R_CS, selector | 3,
+                                   0, 0xffffffff,
+                                   DESC_G_MASK | DESC_B_MASK | DESC_P_MASK |
+                                   DESC_S_MASK | (3 << DESC_DPL_SHIFT) |
+                                   DESC_CS_MASK | DESC_R_MASK | DESC_A_MASK);
+            env->eip = (uint32_t)ECX;
+        }
+        cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, R_SS, selector + 8,
+                               0, 0xffffffff,
+                               DESC_G_MASK | DESC_B_MASK | DESC_P_MASK |
+                               DESC_S_MASK | (3 << DESC_DPL_SHIFT) |
+                               DESC_W_MASK | DESC_A_MASK);
+        cpu_load_eflags(env, (uint32_t)(env->regs[11]), TF_MASK | AC_MASK
+                        | ID_MASK | IF_MASK | IOPL_MASK | VM_MASK | RF_MASK |
+                        NT_MASK);
+        cpu_x86_set_cpl(env, 3);
+    } else {
+        cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, R_CS, selector | 3,
+                               0, 0xffffffff,
+                               DESC_G_MASK | DESC_B_MASK | DESC_P_MASK |
+                               DESC_S_MASK | (3 << DESC_DPL_SHIFT) |
+                               DESC_CS_MASK | DESC_R_MASK | DESC_A_MASK);
+        env->eip = (uint32_t)ECX;
+        cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, R_SS, selector + 8,
+                               0, 0xffffffff,
+                               DESC_G_MASK | DESC_B_MASK | DESC_P_MASK |
+                               DESC_S_MASK | (3 << DESC_DPL_SHIFT) |
+                               DESC_W_MASK | DESC_A_MASK);
+        env->eflags |= IF_MASK;
+        cpu_x86_set_cpl(env, 3);
+    }
+}
+#endif
+
+/* real mode interrupt */
+static void do_interrupt_real(CPUX86State *env, int intno, int is_int,
+                              int error_code, unsigned int next_eip)
+{
+    SegmentCache *dt;
+    target_ulong ptr, ssp;
+    int selector;
+    uint32_t offset, esp;
+    uint32_t old_cs, old_eip;
+
+    /* real mode (simpler!) */
+    dt = &env->idt;
+    if (intno * 4 + 3 > dt->limit) {
+        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, intno * 8 + 2);
+    }
+    ptr = dt->base + intno * 4;
+    offset = cpu_lduw_kernel(env, ptr);
+    selector = cpu_lduw_kernel(env, ptr + 2);
+    esp = ESP;
+    ssp = env->segs[R_SS].base;
+    if (is_int) {
+        old_eip = next_eip;
+    } else {
+        old_eip = env->eip;
+    }
+    old_cs = env->segs[R_CS].selector;
+    /* XXX: use SS segment size? */
+    PUSHW(ssp, esp, 0xffff, cpu_compute_eflags(env));
+    PUSHW(ssp, esp, 0xffff, old_cs);
+    PUSHW(ssp, esp, 0xffff, old_eip);
+
+    /* update processor state */
+    ESP = (ESP & ~0xffff) | (esp & 0xffff);
+    env->eip = offset;
+    env->segs[R_CS].selector = selector;
+    env->segs[R_CS].base = (selector << 4);
+    env->eflags &= ~(IF_MASK | TF_MASK | AC_MASK | RF_MASK);
+}
+
+#if defined(CONFIG_USER_ONLY)
+/* fake user mode interrupt */
+static void do_interrupt_user(CPUX86State *env, int intno, int is_int,
+                              int error_code, target_ulong next_eip)
+{
+    SegmentCache *dt;
+    target_ulong ptr;
+    int dpl, cpl, shift;
+    uint32_t e2;
+
+    dt = &env->idt;
+    if (env->hflags & HF_LMA_MASK) {
+        shift = 4;
+    } else {
+        shift = 3;
+    }
+    ptr = dt->base + (intno << shift);
+    e2 = cpu_ldl_kernel(env, ptr + 4);
+
+    dpl = (e2 >> DESC_DPL_SHIFT) & 3;
+    cpl = env->hflags & HF_CPL_MASK;
+    /* check privilege if software int */
+    if (is_int && dpl < cpl) {
+        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, (intno << shift) + 2);
+    }
+
+    /* Since we emulate only user space, we cannot do more than
+       exiting the emulation with the suitable exception and error
+       code */
+    if (is_int) {
+        EIP = next_eip;
+    }
+}
+
+#else
+
+static void handle_even_inj(CPUX86State *env, int intno, int is_int,
+                            int error_code, int is_hw, int rm)
+{
+    uint32_t event_inj = ldl_phys(env->vm_vmcb + offsetof(struct vmcb,
+                                                          control.event_inj));
+
+    if (!(event_inj & SVM_EVTINJ_VALID)) {
+        int type;
+
+        if (is_int) {
+            type = SVM_EVTINJ_TYPE_SOFT;
+        } else {
+            type = SVM_EVTINJ_TYPE_EXEPT;
+        }
+        event_inj = intno | type | SVM_EVTINJ_VALID;
+        if (!rm && exception_has_error_code(intno)) {
+            event_inj |= SVM_EVTINJ_VALID_ERR;
+            stl_phys(env->vm_vmcb + offsetof(struct vmcb,
+                                             control.event_inj_err),
+                     error_code);
+        }
+        stl_phys(env->vm_vmcb + offsetof(struct vmcb, control.event_inj),
+                 event_inj);
+    }
+}
+#endif
+
+/*
+ * Begin execution of an interruption. is_int is TRUE if coming from
+ * the int instruction. next_eip is the EIP value AFTER the interrupt
+ * instruction. It is only relevant if is_int is TRUE.
+ */
+static void do_interrupt_all(CPUX86State *env, int intno, int is_int,
+                             int error_code, target_ulong next_eip, int is_hw)
+{
+    if (qemu_loglevel_mask(CPU_LOG_INT)) {
+        if ((env->cr[0] & CR0_PE_MASK)) {
+            static int count;
+
+            qemu_log("%6d: v=%02x e=%04x i=%d cpl=%d IP=%04x:" TARGET_FMT_lx
+                     " pc=" TARGET_FMT_lx " SP=%04x:" TARGET_FMT_lx,
+                     count, intno, error_code, is_int,
+                     env->hflags & HF_CPL_MASK,
+                     env->segs[R_CS].selector, EIP,
+                     (int)env->segs[R_CS].base + EIP,
+                     env->segs[R_SS].selector, ESP);
+            if (intno == 0x0e) {
+                qemu_log(" CR2=" TARGET_FMT_lx, env->cr[2]);
+            } else {
+                qemu_log(" EAX=" TARGET_FMT_lx, EAX);
+            }
+            qemu_log("\n");
+            log_cpu_state(env, X86_DUMP_CCOP);
+#if 0
+            {
+                int i;
+                target_ulong ptr;
+
+                qemu_log("       code=");
+                ptr = env->segs[R_CS].base + env->eip;
+                for (i = 0; i < 16; i++) {
+                    qemu_log(" %02x", ldub(ptr + i));
+                }
+                qemu_log("\n");
+            }
+#endif
+            count++;
+        }
+    }
+    if (env->cr[0] & CR0_PE_MASK) {
+#if !defined(CONFIG_USER_ONLY)
+        if (env->hflags & HF_SVMI_MASK) {
+            handle_even_inj(env, intno, is_int, error_code, is_hw, 0);
+        }
+#endif
+#ifdef TARGET_X86_64
+        if (env->hflags & HF_LMA_MASK) {
+            do_interrupt64(env, intno, is_int, error_code, next_eip, is_hw);
+        } else
+#endif
+        {
+            do_interrupt_protected(env, intno, is_int, error_code, next_eip,
+                                   is_hw);
+        }
+    } else {
+#if !defined(CONFIG_USER_ONLY)
+        if (env->hflags & HF_SVMI_MASK) {
+            handle_even_inj(env, intno, is_int, error_code, is_hw, 1);
+        }
+#endif
+        do_interrupt_real(env, intno, is_int, error_code, next_eip);
+    }
+
+#if !defined(CONFIG_USER_ONLY)
+    if (env->hflags & HF_SVMI_MASK) {
+        uint32_t event_inj = ldl_phys(env->vm_vmcb +
+                                      offsetof(struct vmcb,
+                                               control.event_inj));
+
+        stl_phys(env->vm_vmcb + offsetof(struct vmcb, control.event_inj),
+                 event_inj & ~SVM_EVTINJ_VALID);
+    }
+#endif
+}
+
+void do_interrupt(CPUX86State *env)
+{
+#if defined(CONFIG_USER_ONLY)
+    /* if user mode only, we simulate a fake exception
+       which will be handled outside the cpu execution
+       loop */
+    do_interrupt_user(env, env->exception_index,
+                      env->exception_is_int,
+                      env->error_code,
+                      env->exception_next_eip);
+    /* successfully delivered */
+    env->old_exception = -1;
+#else
+    /* simulate a real cpu exception. On i386, it can
+       trigger new exceptions, but we do not handle
+       double or triple faults yet. */
+    do_interrupt_all(env, env->exception_index,
+                     env->exception_is_int,
+                     env->error_code,
+                     env->exception_next_eip, 0);
+    /* successfully delivered */
+    env->old_exception = -1;
+#endif
+}
+
+void do_interrupt_x86_hardirq(CPUX86State *env, int intno, int is_hw)
+{
+    do_interrupt_all(env, intno, 0, 0, 0, is_hw);
+}
+
+void helper_enter_level(CPUX86State *env, int level, int data32,
+                        target_ulong t1)
+{
+    target_ulong ssp;
+    uint32_t esp_mask, esp, ebp;
+
+    esp_mask = get_sp_mask(env->segs[R_SS].flags);
+    ssp = env->segs[R_SS].base;
+    ebp = EBP;
+    esp = ESP;
+    if (data32) {
+        /* 32 bit */
+        esp -= 4;
+        while (--level) {
+            esp -= 4;
+            ebp -= 4;
+            cpu_stl_data(env, ssp + (esp & esp_mask),
+                         cpu_ldl_data(env, ssp + (ebp & esp_mask)));
+        }
+        esp -= 4;
+        cpu_stl_data(env, ssp + (esp & esp_mask), t1);
+    } else {
+        /* 16 bit */
+        esp -= 2;
+        while (--level) {
+            esp -= 2;
+            ebp -= 2;
+            cpu_stw_data(env, ssp + (esp & esp_mask),
+                         cpu_lduw_data(env, ssp + (ebp & esp_mask)));
+        }
+        esp -= 2;
+        cpu_stw_data(env, ssp + (esp & esp_mask), t1);
+    }
+}
+
+#ifdef TARGET_X86_64
+void helper_enter64_level(CPUX86State *env, int level, int data64,
+                          target_ulong t1)
+{
+    target_ulong esp, ebp;
+
+    ebp = EBP;
+    esp = ESP;
+
+    if (data64) {
+        /* 64 bit */
+        esp -= 8;
+        while (--level) {
+            esp -= 8;
+            ebp -= 8;
+            cpu_stq_data(env, esp, cpu_ldq_data(env, ebp));
+        }
+        esp -= 8;
+        cpu_stq_data(env, esp, t1);
+    } else {
+        /* 16 bit */
+        esp -= 2;
+        while (--level) {
+            esp -= 2;
+            ebp -= 2;
+            cpu_stw_data(env, esp, cpu_lduw_data(env, ebp));
+        }
+        esp -= 2;
+        cpu_stw_data(env, esp, t1);
+    }
+}
+#endif
+
+void helper_lldt(CPUX86State *env, int selector)
+{
+    SegmentCache *dt;
+    uint32_t e1, e2;
+    int index, entry_limit;
+    target_ulong ptr;
+
+    selector &= 0xffff;
+    if ((selector & 0xfffc) == 0) {
+        /* XXX: NULL selector case: invalid LDT */
+        env->ldt.base = 0;
+        env->ldt.limit = 0;
+    } else {
+        if (selector & 0x4) {
+            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, selector & 0xfffc);
+        }
+        dt = &env->gdt;
+        index = selector & ~7;
+#ifdef TARGET_X86_64
+        if (env->hflags & HF_LMA_MASK) {
+            entry_limit = 15;
+        } else
+#endif
+        {
+            entry_limit = 7;
+        }
+        if ((index + entry_limit) > dt->limit) {
+            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, selector & 0xfffc);
+        }
+        ptr = dt->base + index;
+        e1 = cpu_ldl_kernel(env, ptr);
+        e2 = cpu_ldl_kernel(env, ptr + 4);
+        if ((e2 & DESC_S_MASK) || ((e2 >> DESC_TYPE_SHIFT) & 0xf) != 2) {
+            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, selector & 0xfffc);
+        }
+        if (!(e2 & DESC_P_MASK)) {
+            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0B_NOSEG, selector & 0xfffc);
+        }
+#ifdef TARGET_X86_64
+        if (env->hflags & HF_LMA_MASK) {
+            uint32_t e3;
+
+            e3 = cpu_ldl_kernel(env, ptr + 8);
+            load_seg_cache_raw_dt(&env->ldt, e1, e2);
+            env->ldt.base |= (target_ulong)e3 << 32;
+        } else
+#endif
+        {
+            load_seg_cache_raw_dt(&env->ldt, e1, e2);
+        }
+    }
+    env->ldt.selector = selector;
+}
+
+void helper_ltr(CPUX86State *env, int selector)
+{
+    SegmentCache *dt;
+    uint32_t e1, e2;
+    int index, type, entry_limit;
+    target_ulong ptr;
+
+    selector &= 0xffff;
+    if ((selector & 0xfffc) == 0) {
+        /* NULL selector case: invalid TR */
+        env->tr.base = 0;
+        env->tr.limit = 0;
+        env->tr.flags = 0;
+    } else {
+        if (selector & 0x4) {
+            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, selector & 0xfffc);
+        }
+        dt = &env->gdt;
+        index = selector & ~7;
+#ifdef TARGET_X86_64
+        if (env->hflags & HF_LMA_MASK) {
+            entry_limit = 15;
+        } else
+#endif
+        {
+            entry_limit = 7;
+        }
+        if ((index + entry_limit) > dt->limit) {
+            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, selector & 0xfffc);
+        }
+        ptr = dt->base + index;
+        e1 = cpu_ldl_kernel(env, ptr);
+        e2 = cpu_ldl_kernel(env, ptr + 4);
+        type = (e2 >> DESC_TYPE_SHIFT) & 0xf;
+        if ((e2 & DESC_S_MASK) ||
+            (type != 1 && type != 9)) {
+            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, selector & 0xfffc);
+        }
+        if (!(e2 & DESC_P_MASK)) {
+            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0B_NOSEG, selector & 0xfffc);
+        }
+#ifdef TARGET_X86_64
+        if (env->hflags & HF_LMA_MASK) {
+            uint32_t e3, e4;
+
+            e3 = cpu_ldl_kernel(env, ptr + 8);
+            e4 = cpu_ldl_kernel(env, ptr + 12);
+            if ((e4 >> DESC_TYPE_SHIFT) & 0xf) {
+                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, selector & 0xfffc);
+            }
+            load_seg_cache_raw_dt(&env->tr, e1, e2);
+            env->tr.base |= (target_ulong)e3 << 32;
+        } else
+#endif
+        {
+            load_seg_cache_raw_dt(&env->tr, e1, e2);
+        }
+        e2 |= DESC_TSS_BUSY_MASK;
+        cpu_stl_kernel(env, ptr + 4, e2);
+    }
+    env->tr.selector = selector;
+}
+
+/* only works if protected mode and not VM86. seg_reg must be != R_CS */
+void helper_load_seg(CPUX86State *env, int seg_reg, int selector)
+{
+    uint32_t e1, e2;
+    int cpl, dpl, rpl;
+    SegmentCache *dt;
+    int index;
+    target_ulong ptr;
+
+    selector &= 0xffff;
+    cpl = env->hflags & HF_CPL_MASK;
+    if ((selector & 0xfffc) == 0) {
+        /* null selector case */
+        if (seg_reg == R_SS
+#ifdef TARGET_X86_64
+            && (!(env->hflags & HF_CS64_MASK) || cpl == 3)
+#endif
+            ) {
+            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, 0);
+        }
+        cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, seg_reg, selector, 0, 0, 0);
+    } else {
+
+        if (selector & 0x4) {
+            dt = &env->ldt;
+        } else {
+            dt = &env->gdt;
+        }
+        index = selector & ~7;
+        if ((index + 7) > dt->limit) {
+            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, selector & 0xfffc);
+        }
+        ptr = dt->base + index;
+        e1 = cpu_ldl_kernel(env, ptr);
+        e2 = cpu_ldl_kernel(env, ptr + 4);
+
+        if (!(e2 & DESC_S_MASK)) {
+            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, selector & 0xfffc);
+        }
+        rpl = selector & 3;
+        dpl = (e2 >> DESC_DPL_SHIFT) & 3;
+        if (seg_reg == R_SS) {
+            /* must be writable segment */
+            if ((e2 & DESC_CS_MASK) || !(e2 & DESC_W_MASK)) {
+                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, selector & 0xfffc);
+            }
+            if (rpl != cpl || dpl != cpl) {
+                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, selector & 0xfffc);
+            }
+        } else {
+            /* must be readable segment */
+            if ((e2 & (DESC_CS_MASK | DESC_R_MASK)) == DESC_CS_MASK) {
+                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, selector & 0xfffc);
+            }
+
+            if (!(e2 & DESC_CS_MASK) || !(e2 & DESC_C_MASK)) {
+                /* if not conforming code, test rights */
+                if (dpl < cpl || dpl < rpl) {
+                    raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, selector & 0xfffc);
+                }
+            }
+        }
+
+        if (!(e2 & DESC_P_MASK)) {
+            if (seg_reg == R_SS) {
+                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0C_STACK, selector & 0xfffc);
+            } else {
+                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0B_NOSEG, selector & 0xfffc);
+            }
+        }
+
+        /* set the access bit if not already set */
+        if (!(e2 & DESC_A_MASK)) {
+            e2 |= DESC_A_MASK;
+            cpu_stl_kernel(env, ptr + 4, e2);
+        }
+
+        cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, seg_reg, selector,
+                       get_seg_base(e1, e2),
+                       get_seg_limit(e1, e2),
+                       e2);
+#if 0
+        qemu_log("load_seg: sel=0x%04x base=0x%08lx limit=0x%08lx flags=%08x\n",
+                selector, (unsigned long)sc->base, sc->limit, sc->flags);
+#endif
+    }
+}
+
+/* protected mode jump */
+void helper_ljmp_protected(CPUX86State *env, int new_cs, target_ulong new_eip,
+                           int next_eip_addend)
+{
+    int gate_cs, type;
+    uint32_t e1, e2, cpl, dpl, rpl, limit;
+    target_ulong next_eip;
+
+    if ((new_cs & 0xfffc) == 0) {
+        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, 0);
+    }
+    if (load_segment(env, &e1, &e2, new_cs) != 0) {
+        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, new_cs & 0xfffc);
+    }
+    cpl = env->hflags & HF_CPL_MASK;
+    if (e2 & DESC_S_MASK) {
+        if (!(e2 & DESC_CS_MASK)) {
+            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, new_cs & 0xfffc);
+        }
+        dpl = (e2 >> DESC_DPL_SHIFT) & 3;
+        if (e2 & DESC_C_MASK) {
+            /* conforming code segment */
+            if (dpl > cpl) {
+                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, new_cs & 0xfffc);
+            }
+        } else {
+            /* non conforming code segment */
+            rpl = new_cs & 3;
+            if (rpl > cpl) {
+                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, new_cs & 0xfffc);
+            }
+            if (dpl != cpl) {
+                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, new_cs & 0xfffc);
+            }
+        }
+        if (!(e2 & DESC_P_MASK)) {
+            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0B_NOSEG, new_cs & 0xfffc);
+        }
+        limit = get_seg_limit(e1, e2);
+        if (new_eip > limit &&
+            !(env->hflags & HF_LMA_MASK) && !(e2 & DESC_L_MASK)) {
+            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, new_cs & 0xfffc);
+        }
+        cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, R_CS, (new_cs & 0xfffc) | cpl,
+                       get_seg_base(e1, e2), limit, e2);
+        EIP = new_eip;
+    } else {
+        /* jump to call or task gate */
+        dpl = (e2 >> DESC_DPL_SHIFT) & 3;
+        rpl = new_cs & 3;
+        cpl = env->hflags & HF_CPL_MASK;
+        type = (e2 >> DESC_TYPE_SHIFT) & 0xf;
+        switch (type) {
+        case 1: /* 286 TSS */
+        case 9: /* 386 TSS */
+        case 5: /* task gate */
+            if (dpl < cpl || dpl < rpl) {
+                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, new_cs & 0xfffc);
+            }
+            next_eip = env->eip + next_eip_addend;
+            switch_tss(env, new_cs, e1, e2, SWITCH_TSS_JMP, next_eip);
+            CC_OP = CC_OP_EFLAGS;
+            break;
+        case 4: /* 286 call gate */
+        case 12: /* 386 call gate */
+            if ((dpl < cpl) || (dpl < rpl)) {
+                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, new_cs & 0xfffc);
+            }
+            if (!(e2 & DESC_P_MASK)) {
+                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0B_NOSEG, new_cs & 0xfffc);
+            }
+            gate_cs = e1 >> 16;
+            new_eip = (e1 & 0xffff);
+            if (type == 12) {
+                new_eip |= (e2 & 0xffff0000);
+            }
+            if (load_segment(env, &e1, &e2, gate_cs) != 0) {
+                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, gate_cs & 0xfffc);
+            }
+            dpl = (e2 >> DESC_DPL_SHIFT) & 3;
+            /* must be code segment */
+            if (((e2 & (DESC_S_MASK | DESC_CS_MASK)) !=
+                 (DESC_S_MASK | DESC_CS_MASK))) {
+                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, gate_cs & 0xfffc);
+            }
+            if (((e2 & DESC_C_MASK) && (dpl > cpl)) ||
+                (!(e2 & DESC_C_MASK) && (dpl != cpl))) {
+                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, gate_cs & 0xfffc);
+            }
+            if (!(e2 & DESC_P_MASK)) {
+                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, gate_cs & 0xfffc);
+            }
+            limit = get_seg_limit(e1, e2);
+            if (new_eip > limit) {
+                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, 0);
+            }
+            cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, R_CS, (gate_cs & 0xfffc) | cpl,
+                                   get_seg_base(e1, e2), limit, e2);
+            EIP = new_eip;
+            break;
+        default:
+            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, new_cs & 0xfffc);
+            break;
+        }
+    }
+}
+
+/* real mode call */
+void helper_lcall_real(CPUX86State *env, int new_cs, target_ulong new_eip1,
+                       int shift, int next_eip)
+{
+    int new_eip;
+    uint32_t esp, esp_mask;
+    target_ulong ssp;
+
+    new_eip = new_eip1;
+    esp = ESP;
+    esp_mask = get_sp_mask(env->segs[R_SS].flags);
+    ssp = env->segs[R_SS].base;
+    if (shift) {
+        PUSHL(ssp, esp, esp_mask, env->segs[R_CS].selector);
+        PUSHL(ssp, esp, esp_mask, next_eip);
+    } else {
+        PUSHW(ssp, esp, esp_mask, env->segs[R_CS].selector);
+        PUSHW(ssp, esp, esp_mask, next_eip);
+    }
+
+    SET_ESP(esp, esp_mask);
+    env->eip = new_eip;
+    env->segs[R_CS].selector = new_cs;
+    env->segs[R_CS].base = (new_cs << 4);
+}
+
+/* protected mode call */
+void helper_lcall_protected(CPUX86State *env, int new_cs, target_ulong new_eip,
+                            int shift, int next_eip_addend)
+{
+    int new_stack, i;
+    uint32_t e1, e2, cpl, dpl, rpl, selector, offset, param_count;
+    uint32_t ss = 0, ss_e1 = 0, ss_e2 = 0, sp, type, ss_dpl, sp_mask;
+    uint32_t val, limit, old_sp_mask;
+    target_ulong ssp, old_ssp, next_eip;
+
+    next_eip = env->eip + next_eip_addend;
+    LOG_PCALL("lcall %04x:%08x s=%d\n", new_cs, (uint32_t)new_eip, shift);
+    LOG_PCALL_STATE(env);
+    if ((new_cs & 0xfffc) == 0) {
+        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, 0);
+    }
+    if (load_segment(env, &e1, &e2, new_cs) != 0) {
+        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, new_cs & 0xfffc);
+    }
+    cpl = env->hflags & HF_CPL_MASK;
+    LOG_PCALL("desc=%08x:%08x\n", e1, e2);
+    if (e2 & DESC_S_MASK) {
+        if (!(e2 & DESC_CS_MASK)) {
+            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, new_cs & 0xfffc);
+        }
+        dpl = (e2 >> DESC_DPL_SHIFT) & 3;
+        if (e2 & DESC_C_MASK) {
+            /* conforming code segment */
+            if (dpl > cpl) {
+                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, new_cs & 0xfffc);
+            }
+        } else {
+            /* non conforming code segment */
+            rpl = new_cs & 3;
+            if (rpl > cpl) {
+                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, new_cs & 0xfffc);
+            }
+            if (dpl != cpl) {
+                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, new_cs & 0xfffc);
+            }
+        }
+        if (!(e2 & DESC_P_MASK)) {
+            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0B_NOSEG, new_cs & 0xfffc);
+        }
+
+#ifdef TARGET_X86_64
+        /* XXX: check 16/32 bit cases in long mode */
+        if (shift == 2) {
+            target_ulong rsp;
+
+            /* 64 bit case */
+            rsp = ESP;
+            PUSHQ(rsp, env->segs[R_CS].selector);
+            PUSHQ(rsp, next_eip);
+            /* from this point, not restartable */
+            ESP = rsp;
+            cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, R_CS, (new_cs & 0xfffc) | cpl,
+                                   get_seg_base(e1, e2),
+                                   get_seg_limit(e1, e2), e2);
+            EIP = new_eip;
+        } else
+#endif
+        {
+            sp = ESP;
+            sp_mask = get_sp_mask(env->segs[R_SS].flags);
+            ssp = env->segs[R_SS].base;
+            if (shift) {
+                PUSHL(ssp, sp, sp_mask, env->segs[R_CS].selector);
+                PUSHL(ssp, sp, sp_mask, next_eip);
+            } else {
+                PUSHW(ssp, sp, sp_mask, env->segs[R_CS].selector);
+                PUSHW(ssp, sp, sp_mask, next_eip);
+            }
+
+            limit = get_seg_limit(e1, e2);
+            if (new_eip > limit) {
+                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, new_cs & 0xfffc);
+            }
+            /* from this point, not restartable */
+            SET_ESP(sp, sp_mask);
+            cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, R_CS, (new_cs & 0xfffc) | cpl,
+                                   get_seg_base(e1, e2), limit, e2);
+            EIP = new_eip;
+        }
+    } else {
+        /* check gate type */
+        type = (e2 >> DESC_TYPE_SHIFT) & 0x1f;
+        dpl = (e2 >> DESC_DPL_SHIFT) & 3;
+        rpl = new_cs & 3;
+        switch (type) {
+        case 1: /* available 286 TSS */
+        case 9: /* available 386 TSS */
+        case 5: /* task gate */
+            if (dpl < cpl || dpl < rpl) {
+                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, new_cs & 0xfffc);
+            }
+            switch_tss(env, new_cs, e1, e2, SWITCH_TSS_CALL, next_eip);
+            CC_OP = CC_OP_EFLAGS;
+            return;
+        case 4: /* 286 call gate */
+        case 12: /* 386 call gate */
+            break;
+        default:
+            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, new_cs & 0xfffc);
+            break;
+        }
+        shift = type >> 3;
+
+        if (dpl < cpl || dpl < rpl) {
+            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, new_cs & 0xfffc);
+        }
+        /* check valid bit */
+        if (!(e2 & DESC_P_MASK)) {
+            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0B_NOSEG,  new_cs & 0xfffc);
+        }
+        selector = e1 >> 16;
+        offset = (e2 & 0xffff0000) | (e1 & 0x0000ffff);
+        param_count = e2 & 0x1f;
+        if ((selector & 0xfffc) == 0) {
+            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, 0);
+        }
+
+        if (load_segment(env, &e1, &e2, selector) != 0) {
+            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, selector & 0xfffc);
+        }
+        if (!(e2 & DESC_S_MASK) || !(e2 & (DESC_CS_MASK))) {
+            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, selector & 0xfffc);
+        }
+        dpl = (e2 >> DESC_DPL_SHIFT) & 3;
+        if (dpl > cpl) {
+            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, selector & 0xfffc);
+        }
+        if (!(e2 & DESC_P_MASK)) {
+            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0B_NOSEG, selector & 0xfffc);
+        }
+
+        if (!(e2 & DESC_C_MASK) && dpl < cpl) {
+            /* to inner privilege */
+            get_ss_esp_from_tss(env, &ss, &sp, dpl);
+            LOG_PCALL("new ss:esp=%04x:%08x param_count=%d ESP=" TARGET_FMT_lx
+                      "\n",
+                      ss, sp, param_count, ESP);
+            if ((ss & 0xfffc) == 0) {
+                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0A_TSS, ss & 0xfffc);
+            }
+            if ((ss & 3) != dpl) {
+                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0A_TSS, ss & 0xfffc);
+            }
+            if (load_segment(env, &ss_e1, &ss_e2, ss) != 0) {
+                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0A_TSS, ss & 0xfffc);
+            }
+            ss_dpl = (ss_e2 >> DESC_DPL_SHIFT) & 3;
+            if (ss_dpl != dpl) {
+                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0A_TSS, ss & 0xfffc);
+            }
+            if (!(ss_e2 & DESC_S_MASK) ||
+                (ss_e2 & DESC_CS_MASK) ||
+                !(ss_e2 & DESC_W_MASK)) {
+                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0A_TSS, ss & 0xfffc);
+            }
+            if (!(ss_e2 & DESC_P_MASK)) {
+                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0A_TSS, ss & 0xfffc);
+            }
+
+            /* push_size = ((param_count * 2) + 8) << shift; */
+
+            old_sp_mask = get_sp_mask(env->segs[R_SS].flags);
+            old_ssp = env->segs[R_SS].base;
+
+            sp_mask = get_sp_mask(ss_e2);
+            ssp = get_seg_base(ss_e1, ss_e2);
+            if (shift) {
+                PUSHL(ssp, sp, sp_mask, env->segs[R_SS].selector);
+                PUSHL(ssp, sp, sp_mask, ESP);
+                for (i = param_count - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
+                    val = cpu_ldl_kernel(env, old_ssp + ((ESP + i * 4) &
+                                                         old_sp_mask));
+                    PUSHL(ssp, sp, sp_mask, val);
+                }
+            } else {
+                PUSHW(ssp, sp, sp_mask, env->segs[R_SS].selector);
+                PUSHW(ssp, sp, sp_mask, ESP);
+                for (i = param_count - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
+                    val = cpu_lduw_kernel(env, old_ssp + ((ESP + i * 2) &
+                                                          old_sp_mask));
+                    PUSHW(ssp, sp, sp_mask, val);
+                }
+            }
+            new_stack = 1;
+        } else {
+            /* to same privilege */
+            sp = ESP;
+            sp_mask = get_sp_mask(env->segs[R_SS].flags);
+            ssp = env->segs[R_SS].base;
+            /* push_size = (4 << shift); */
+            new_stack = 0;
+        }
+
+        if (shift) {
+            PUSHL(ssp, sp, sp_mask, env->segs[R_CS].selector);
+            PUSHL(ssp, sp, sp_mask, next_eip);
+        } else {
+            PUSHW(ssp, sp, sp_mask, env->segs[R_CS].selector);
+            PUSHW(ssp, sp, sp_mask, next_eip);
+        }
+
+        /* from this point, not restartable */
+
+        if (new_stack) {
+            ss = (ss & ~3) | dpl;
+            cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, R_SS, ss,
+                                   ssp,
+                                   get_seg_limit(ss_e1, ss_e2),
+                                   ss_e2);
+        }
+
+        selector = (selector & ~3) | dpl;
+        cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, R_CS, selector,
+                       get_seg_base(e1, e2),
+                       get_seg_limit(e1, e2),
+                       e2);
+        cpu_x86_set_cpl(env, dpl);
+        SET_ESP(sp, sp_mask);
+        EIP = offset;
+    }
+}
+
+/* real and vm86 mode iret */
+void helper_iret_real(CPUX86State *env, int shift)
+{
+    uint32_t sp, new_cs, new_eip, new_eflags, sp_mask;
+    target_ulong ssp;
+    int eflags_mask;
+
+    sp_mask = 0xffff; /* XXXX: use SS segment size? */
+    sp = ESP;
+    ssp = env->segs[R_SS].base;
+    if (shift == 1) {
+        /* 32 bits */
+        POPL(ssp, sp, sp_mask, new_eip);
+        POPL(ssp, sp, sp_mask, new_cs);
+        new_cs &= 0xffff;
+        POPL(ssp, sp, sp_mask, new_eflags);
+    } else {
+        /* 16 bits */
+        POPW(ssp, sp, sp_mask, new_eip);
+        POPW(ssp, sp, sp_mask, new_cs);
+        POPW(ssp, sp, sp_mask, new_eflags);
+    }
+    ESP = (ESP & ~sp_mask) | (sp & sp_mask);
+    env->segs[R_CS].selector = new_cs;
+    env->segs[R_CS].base = (new_cs << 4);
+    env->eip = new_eip;
+    if (env->eflags & VM_MASK) {
+        eflags_mask = TF_MASK | AC_MASK | ID_MASK | IF_MASK | RF_MASK |
+            NT_MASK;
+    } else {
+        eflags_mask = TF_MASK | AC_MASK | ID_MASK | IF_MASK | IOPL_MASK |
+            RF_MASK | NT_MASK;
+    }
+    if (shift == 0) {
+        eflags_mask &= 0xffff;
+    }
+    cpu_load_eflags(env, new_eflags, eflags_mask);
+    env->hflags2 &= ~HF2_NMI_MASK;
+}
+
+static inline void validate_seg(CPUX86State *env, int seg_reg, int cpl)
+{
+    int dpl;
+    uint32_t e2;
+
+    /* XXX: on x86_64, we do not want to nullify FS and GS because
+       they may still contain a valid base. I would be interested to
+       know how a real x86_64 CPU behaves */
+    if ((seg_reg == R_FS || seg_reg == R_GS) &&
+        (env->segs[seg_reg].selector & 0xfffc) == 0) {
+        return;
+    }
+
+    e2 = env->segs[seg_reg].flags;
+    dpl = (e2 >> DESC_DPL_SHIFT) & 3;
+    if (!(e2 & DESC_CS_MASK) || !(e2 & DESC_C_MASK)) {
+        /* data or non conforming code segment */
+        if (dpl < cpl) {
+            cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, seg_reg, 0, 0, 0, 0);
+        }
+    }
+}
+
+/* protected mode iret */
+static inline void helper_ret_protected(CPUX86State *env, int shift,
+                                        int is_iret, int addend)
+{
+    uint32_t new_cs, new_eflags, new_ss;
+    uint32_t new_es, new_ds, new_fs, new_gs;
+    uint32_t e1, e2, ss_e1, ss_e2;
+    int cpl, dpl, rpl, eflags_mask, iopl;
+    target_ulong ssp, sp, new_eip, new_esp, sp_mask;
+
+#ifdef TARGET_X86_64
+    if (shift == 2) {
+        sp_mask = -1;
+    } else
+#endif
+    {
+        sp_mask = get_sp_mask(env->segs[R_SS].flags);
+    }
+    sp = ESP;
+    ssp = env->segs[R_SS].base;
+    new_eflags = 0; /* avoid warning */
+#ifdef TARGET_X86_64
+    if (shift == 2) {
+        POPQ(sp, new_eip);
+        POPQ(sp, new_cs);
+        new_cs &= 0xffff;
+        if (is_iret) {
+            POPQ(sp, new_eflags);
+        }
+    } else
+#endif
+    {
+        if (shift == 1) {
+            /* 32 bits */
+            POPL(ssp, sp, sp_mask, new_eip);
+            POPL(ssp, sp, sp_mask, new_cs);
+            new_cs &= 0xffff;
+            if (is_iret) {
+                POPL(ssp, sp, sp_mask, new_eflags);
+                if (new_eflags & VM_MASK) {
+                    goto return_to_vm86;
+                }
+            }
+        } else {
+            /* 16 bits */
+            POPW(ssp, sp, sp_mask, new_eip);
+            POPW(ssp, sp, sp_mask, new_cs);
+            if (is_iret) {
+                POPW(ssp, sp, sp_mask, new_eflags);
+            }
+        }
+    }
+    LOG_PCALL("lret new %04x:" TARGET_FMT_lx " s=%d addend=0x%x\n",
+              new_cs, new_eip, shift, addend);
+    LOG_PCALL_STATE(env);
+    if ((new_cs & 0xfffc) == 0) {
+        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, new_cs & 0xfffc);
+    }
+    if (load_segment(env, &e1, &e2, new_cs) != 0) {
+        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, new_cs & 0xfffc);
+    }
+    if (!(e2 & DESC_S_MASK) ||
+        !(e2 & DESC_CS_MASK)) {
+        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, new_cs & 0xfffc);
+    }
+    cpl = env->hflags & HF_CPL_MASK;
+    rpl = new_cs & 3;
+    if (rpl < cpl) {
+        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, new_cs & 0xfffc);
+    }
+    dpl = (e2 >> DESC_DPL_SHIFT) & 3;
+    if (e2 & DESC_C_MASK) {
+        if (dpl > rpl) {
+            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, new_cs & 0xfffc);
+        }
+    } else {
+        if (dpl != rpl) {
+            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, new_cs & 0xfffc);
+        }
+    }
+    if (!(e2 & DESC_P_MASK)) {
+        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0B_NOSEG, new_cs & 0xfffc);
+    }
+
+    sp += addend;
+    if (rpl == cpl && (!(env->hflags & HF_CS64_MASK) ||
+                       ((env->hflags & HF_CS64_MASK) && !is_iret))) {
+        /* return to same privilege level */
+        cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, R_CS, new_cs,
+                       get_seg_base(e1, e2),
+                       get_seg_limit(e1, e2),
+                       e2);
+    } else {
+        /* return to different privilege level */
+#ifdef TARGET_X86_64
+        if (shift == 2) {
+            POPQ(sp, new_esp);
+            POPQ(sp, new_ss);
+            new_ss &= 0xffff;
+        } else
+#endif
+        {
+            if (shift == 1) {
+                /* 32 bits */
+                POPL(ssp, sp, sp_mask, new_esp);
+                POPL(ssp, sp, sp_mask, new_ss);
+                new_ss &= 0xffff;
+            } else {
+                /* 16 bits */
+                POPW(ssp, sp, sp_mask, new_esp);
+                POPW(ssp, sp, sp_mask, new_ss);
+            }
+        }
+        LOG_PCALL("new ss:esp=%04x:" TARGET_FMT_lx "\n",
+                  new_ss, new_esp);
+        if ((new_ss & 0xfffc) == 0) {
+#ifdef TARGET_X86_64
+            /* NULL ss is allowed in long mode if cpl != 3 */
+            /* XXX: test CS64? */
+            if ((env->hflags & HF_LMA_MASK) && rpl != 3) {
+                cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, R_SS, new_ss,
+                                       0, 0xffffffff,
+                                       DESC_G_MASK | DESC_B_MASK | DESC_P_MASK |
+                                       DESC_S_MASK | (rpl << DESC_DPL_SHIFT) |
+                                       DESC_W_MASK | DESC_A_MASK);
+                ss_e2 = DESC_B_MASK; /* XXX: should not be needed? */
+            } else
+#endif
+            {
+                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, 0);
+            }
+        } else {
+            if ((new_ss & 3) != rpl) {
+                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, new_ss & 0xfffc);
+            }
+            if (load_segment(env, &ss_e1, &ss_e2, new_ss) != 0) {
+                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, new_ss & 0xfffc);
+            }
+            if (!(ss_e2 & DESC_S_MASK) ||
+                (ss_e2 & DESC_CS_MASK) ||
+                !(ss_e2 & DESC_W_MASK)) {
+                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, new_ss & 0xfffc);
+            }
+            dpl = (ss_e2 >> DESC_DPL_SHIFT) & 3;
+            if (dpl != rpl) {
+                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, new_ss & 0xfffc);
+            }
+            if (!(ss_e2 & DESC_P_MASK)) {
+                raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0B_NOSEG, new_ss & 0xfffc);
+            }
+            cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, R_SS, new_ss,
+                                   get_seg_base(ss_e1, ss_e2),
+                                   get_seg_limit(ss_e1, ss_e2),
+                                   ss_e2);
+        }
+
+        cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, R_CS, new_cs,
+                       get_seg_base(e1, e2),
+                       get_seg_limit(e1, e2),
+                       e2);
+        cpu_x86_set_cpl(env, rpl);
+        sp = new_esp;
+#ifdef TARGET_X86_64
+        if (env->hflags & HF_CS64_MASK) {
+            sp_mask = -1;
+        } else
+#endif
+        {
+            sp_mask = get_sp_mask(ss_e2);
+        }
+
+        /* validate data segments */
+        validate_seg(env, R_ES, rpl);
+        validate_seg(env, R_DS, rpl);
+        validate_seg(env, R_FS, rpl);
+        validate_seg(env, R_GS, rpl);
+
+        sp += addend;
+    }
+    SET_ESP(sp, sp_mask);
+    env->eip = new_eip;
+    if (is_iret) {
+        /* NOTE: 'cpl' is the _old_ CPL */
+        eflags_mask = TF_MASK | AC_MASK | ID_MASK | RF_MASK | NT_MASK;
+        if (cpl == 0) {
+            eflags_mask |= IOPL_MASK;
+        }
+        iopl = (env->eflags >> IOPL_SHIFT) & 3;
+        if (cpl <= iopl) {
+            eflags_mask |= IF_MASK;
+        }
+        if (shift == 0) {
+            eflags_mask &= 0xffff;
+        }
+        cpu_load_eflags(env, new_eflags, eflags_mask);
+    }
+    return;
+
+ return_to_vm86:
+    POPL(ssp, sp, sp_mask, new_esp);
+    POPL(ssp, sp, sp_mask, new_ss);
+    POPL(ssp, sp, sp_mask, new_es);
+    POPL(ssp, sp, sp_mask, new_ds);
+    POPL(ssp, sp, sp_mask, new_fs);
+    POPL(ssp, sp, sp_mask, new_gs);
+
+    /* modify processor state */
+    cpu_load_eflags(env, new_eflags, TF_MASK | AC_MASK | ID_MASK |
+                    IF_MASK | IOPL_MASK | VM_MASK | NT_MASK | VIF_MASK |
+                    VIP_MASK);
+    load_seg_vm(env, R_CS, new_cs & 0xffff);
+    cpu_x86_set_cpl(env, 3);
+    load_seg_vm(env, R_SS, new_ss & 0xffff);
+    load_seg_vm(env, R_ES, new_es & 0xffff);
+    load_seg_vm(env, R_DS, new_ds & 0xffff);
+    load_seg_vm(env, R_FS, new_fs & 0xffff);
+    load_seg_vm(env, R_GS, new_gs & 0xffff);
+
+    env->eip = new_eip & 0xffff;
+    ESP = new_esp;
+}
+
+void helper_iret_protected(CPUX86State *env, int shift, int next_eip)
+{
+    int tss_selector, type;
+    uint32_t e1, e2;
+
+    /* specific case for TSS */
+    if (env->eflags & NT_MASK) {
+#ifdef TARGET_X86_64
+        if (env->hflags & HF_LMA_MASK) {
+            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, 0);
+        }
+#endif
+        tss_selector = cpu_lduw_kernel(env, env->tr.base + 0);
+        if (tss_selector & 4) {
+            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0A_TSS, tss_selector & 0xfffc);
+        }
+        if (load_segment(env, &e1, &e2, tss_selector) != 0) {
+            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0A_TSS, tss_selector & 0xfffc);
+        }
+        type = (e2 >> DESC_TYPE_SHIFT) & 0x17;
+        /* NOTE: we check both segment and busy TSS */
+        if (type != 3) {
+            raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0A_TSS, tss_selector & 0xfffc);
+        }
+        switch_tss(env, tss_selector, e1, e2, SWITCH_TSS_IRET, next_eip);
+    } else {
+        helper_ret_protected(env, shift, 1, 0);
+    }
+    env->hflags2 &= ~HF2_NMI_MASK;
+}
+
+void helper_lret_protected(CPUX86State *env, int shift, int addend)
+{
+    helper_ret_protected(env, shift, 0, addend);
+}
+
+void helper_sysenter(CPUX86State *env)
+{
+    if (env->sysenter_cs == 0) {
+        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, 0);
+    }
+    env->eflags &= ~(VM_MASK | IF_MASK | RF_MASK);
+    cpu_x86_set_cpl(env, 0);
+
+#ifdef TARGET_X86_64
+    if (env->hflags & HF_LMA_MASK) {
+        cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, R_CS, env->sysenter_cs & 0xfffc,
+                               0, 0xffffffff,
+                               DESC_G_MASK | DESC_B_MASK | DESC_P_MASK |
+                               DESC_S_MASK |
+                               DESC_CS_MASK | DESC_R_MASK | DESC_A_MASK |
+                               DESC_L_MASK);
+    } else
+#endif
+    {
+        cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, R_CS, env->sysenter_cs & 0xfffc,
+                               0, 0xffffffff,
+                               DESC_G_MASK | DESC_B_MASK | DESC_P_MASK |
+                               DESC_S_MASK |
+                               DESC_CS_MASK | DESC_R_MASK | DESC_A_MASK);
+    }
+    cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, R_SS, (env->sysenter_cs + 8) & 0xfffc,
+                           0, 0xffffffff,
+                           DESC_G_MASK | DESC_B_MASK | DESC_P_MASK |
+                           DESC_S_MASK |
+                           DESC_W_MASK | DESC_A_MASK);
+    ESP = env->sysenter_esp;
+    EIP = env->sysenter_eip;
+}
+
+void helper_sysexit(CPUX86State *env, int dflag)
+{
+    int cpl;
+
+    cpl = env->hflags & HF_CPL_MASK;
+    if (env->sysenter_cs == 0 || cpl != 0) {
+        raise_exception_err(env, EXCP0D_GPF, 0);
+    }
+    cpu_x86_set_cpl(env, 3);
+#ifdef TARGET_X86_64
+    if (dflag == 2) {
+        cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, R_CS, ((env->sysenter_cs + 32) & 0xfffc) |
+                               3, 0, 0xffffffff,
+                               DESC_G_MASK | DESC_B_MASK | DESC_P_MASK |
+                               DESC_S_MASK | (3 << DESC_DPL_SHIFT) |
+                               DESC_CS_MASK | DESC_R_MASK | DESC_A_MASK |
+                               DESC_L_MASK);
+        cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, R_SS, ((env->sysenter_cs + 40) & 0xfffc) |
+                               3, 0, 0xffffffff,
+                               DESC_G_MASK | DESC_B_MASK | DESC_P_MASK |
+                               DESC_S_MASK | (3 << DESC_DPL_SHIFT) |
+                               DESC_W_MASK | DESC_A_MASK);
+    } else
+#endif
+    {
+        cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, R_CS, ((env->sysenter_cs + 16) & 0xfffc) |
+                               3, 0, 0xffffffff,
+                               DESC_G_MASK | DESC_B_MASK | DESC_P_MASK |
+                               DESC_S_MASK | (3 << DESC_DPL_SHIFT) |
+                               DESC_CS_MASK | DESC_R_MASK | DESC_A_MASK);
+        cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, R_SS, ((env->sysenter_cs + 24) & 0xfffc) |
+                               3, 0, 0xffffffff,
+                               DESC_G_MASK | DESC_B_MASK | DESC_P_MASK |
+                               DESC_S_MASK | (3 << DESC_DPL_SHIFT) |
+                               DESC_W_MASK | DESC_A_MASK);
+    }
+    ESP = ECX;
+    EIP = EDX;
+}
+
+target_ulong helper_lsl(CPUX86State *env, target_ulong selector1)
+{
+    unsigned int limit;
+    uint32_t e1, e2, eflags, selector;
+    int rpl, dpl, cpl, type;
+
+    selector = selector1 & 0xffff;
+    eflags = cpu_cc_compute_all(env, CC_OP);
+    if ((selector & 0xfffc) == 0) {
+        goto fail;
+    }
+    if (load_segment(env, &e1, &e2, selector) != 0) {
+        goto fail;
+    }
+    rpl = selector & 3;
+    dpl = (e2 >> DESC_DPL_SHIFT) & 3;
+    cpl = env->hflags & HF_CPL_MASK;
+    if (e2 & DESC_S_MASK) {
+        if ((e2 & DESC_CS_MASK) && (e2 & DESC_C_MASK)) {
+            /* conforming */
+        } else {
+            if (dpl < cpl || dpl < rpl) {
+                goto fail;
+            }
+        }
+    } else {
+        type = (e2 >> DESC_TYPE_SHIFT) & 0xf;
+        switch (type) {
+        case 1:
+        case 2:
+        case 3:
+        case 9:
+        case 11:
+            break;
+        default:
+            goto fail;
+        }
+        if (dpl < cpl || dpl < rpl) {
+        fail:
+            CC_SRC = eflags & ~CC_Z;
+            return 0;
+        }
+    }
+    limit = get_seg_limit(e1, e2);
+    CC_SRC = eflags | CC_Z;
+    return limit;
+}
+
+target_ulong helper_lar(CPUX86State *env, target_ulong selector1)
+{
+    uint32_t e1, e2, eflags, selector;
+    int rpl, dpl, cpl, type;
+
+    selector = selector1 & 0xffff;
+    eflags = cpu_cc_compute_all(env, CC_OP);
+    if ((selector & 0xfffc) == 0) {
+        goto fail;
+    }
+    if (load_segment(env, &e1, &e2, selector) != 0) {
+        goto fail;
+    }
+    rpl = selector & 3;
+    dpl = (e2 >> DESC_DPL_SHIFT) & 3;
+    cpl = env->hflags & HF_CPL_MASK;
+    if (e2 & DESC_S_MASK) {
+        if ((e2 & DESC_CS_MASK) && (e2 & DESC_C_MASK)) {
+            /* conforming */
+        } else {
+            if (dpl < cpl || dpl < rpl) {
+                goto fail;
+            }
+        }
+    } else {
+        type = (e2 >> DESC_TYPE_SHIFT) & 0xf;
+        switch (type) {
+        case 1:
+        case 2:
+        case 3:
+        case 4:
+        case 5:
+        case 9:
+        case 11:
+        case 12:
+            break;
+        default:
+            goto fail;
+        }
+        if (dpl < cpl || dpl < rpl) {
+        fail:
+            CC_SRC = eflags & ~CC_Z;
+            return 0;
+        }
+    }
+    CC_SRC = eflags | CC_Z;
+    return e2 & 0x00f0ff00;
+}
+
+void helper_verr(CPUX86State *env, target_ulong selector1)
+{
+    uint32_t e1, e2, eflags, selector;
+    int rpl, dpl, cpl;
+
+    selector = selector1 & 0xffff;
+    eflags = cpu_cc_compute_all(env, CC_OP);
+    if ((selector & 0xfffc) == 0) {
+        goto fail;
+    }
+    if (load_segment(env, &e1, &e2, selector) != 0) {
+        goto fail;
+    }
+    if (!(e2 & DESC_S_MASK)) {
+        goto fail;
+    }
+    rpl = selector & 3;
+    dpl = (e2 >> DESC_DPL_SHIFT) & 3;
+    cpl = env->hflags & HF_CPL_MASK;
+    if (e2 & DESC_CS_MASK) {
+        if (!(e2 & DESC_R_MASK)) {
+            goto fail;
+        }
+        if (!(e2 & DESC_C_MASK)) {
+            if (dpl < cpl || dpl < rpl) {
+                goto fail;
+            }
+        }
+    } else {
+        if (dpl < cpl || dpl < rpl) {
+        fail:
+            CC_SRC = eflags & ~CC_Z;
+            return;
+        }
+    }
+    CC_SRC = eflags | CC_Z;
+}
+
+void helper_verw(CPUX86State *env, target_ulong selector1)
+{
+    uint32_t e1, e2, eflags, selector;
+    int rpl, dpl, cpl;
+
+    selector = selector1 & 0xffff;
+    eflags = cpu_cc_compute_all(env, CC_OP);
+    if ((selector & 0xfffc) == 0) {
+        goto fail;
+    }
+    if (load_segment(env, &e1, &e2, selector) != 0) {
+        goto fail;
+    }
+    if (!(e2 & DESC_S_MASK)) {
+        goto fail;
+    }
+    rpl = selector & 3;
+    dpl = (e2 >> DESC_DPL_SHIFT) & 3;
+    cpl = env->hflags & HF_CPL_MASK;
+    if (e2 & DESC_CS_MASK) {
+        goto fail;
+    } else {
+        if (dpl < cpl || dpl < rpl) {
+            goto fail;
+        }
+        if (!(e2 & DESC_W_MASK)) {
+        fail:
+            CC_SRC = eflags & ~CC_Z;
+            return;
+        }
+    }
+    CC_SRC = eflags | CC_Z;
+}
+
+#if defined(CONFIG_USER_ONLY)
+void cpu_x86_load_seg(CPUX86State *env, int seg_reg, int selector)
+{
+    if (!(env->cr[0] & CR0_PE_MASK) || (env->eflags & VM_MASK)) {
+        selector &= 0xffff;
+        cpu_x86_load_seg_cache(env, seg_reg, selector,
+                               (selector << 4), 0xffff, 0);
+    } else {
+        helper_load_seg(env, seg_reg, selector);
+    }
+}
+#endif
diff --git a/target-i386/translate.c b/target-i386/translate.c
index 2fece4e..ab63fbb 100644
--- a/target-i386/translate.c
+++ b/target-i386/translate.c
@@ -2433,7 +2433,7 @@  static void gen_movl_seg_T0(DisasContext *s, int seg_reg, target_ulong cur_eip)
             gen_op_set_cc_op(s->cc_op);
         gen_jmp_im(cur_eip);
         tcg_gen_trunc_tl_i32(cpu_tmp2_i32, cpu_T[0]);
-        gen_helper_load_seg(tcg_const_i32(seg_reg), cpu_tmp2_i32);
+        gen_helper_load_seg(cpu_env, tcg_const_i32(seg_reg), cpu_tmp2_i32);
         /* abort translation because the addseg value may change or
            because ss32 may change. For R_SS, translation must always
            stop as a special handling must be done to disable hardware
@@ -2670,7 +2670,7 @@  static void gen_enter(DisasContext *s, int esp_addend, int level)
         gen_op_st_T0_A0(ot + s->mem_index);
         if (level) {
             /* XXX: must save state */
-            gen_helper_enter64_level(tcg_const_i32(level),
+            gen_helper_enter64_level(cpu_env, tcg_const_i32(level),
                                      tcg_const_i32((ot == OT_QUAD)),
                                      cpu_T[1]);
         }
@@ -2695,7 +2695,7 @@  static void gen_enter(DisasContext *s, int esp_addend, int level)
         gen_op_st_T0_A0(ot + s->mem_index);
         if (level) {
             /* XXX: must save state */
-            gen_helper_enter_level(tcg_const_i32(level),
+            gen_helper_enter_level(cpu_env, tcg_const_i32(level),
                                    tcg_const_i32(s->dflag),
                                    cpu_T[1]);
         }
@@ -4738,13 +4738,13 @@  static target_ulong disas_insn(DisasContext *s, target_ulong pc_start)
                     gen_op_set_cc_op(s->cc_op);
                 gen_jmp_im(pc_start - s->cs_base);
                 tcg_gen_trunc_tl_i32(cpu_tmp2_i32, cpu_T[0]);
-                gen_helper_lcall_protected(cpu_tmp2_i32, cpu_T[1],
-                                           tcg_const_i32(dflag), 
+                gen_helper_lcall_protected(cpu_env, cpu_tmp2_i32, cpu_T[1],
+                                           tcg_const_i32(dflag),
                                            tcg_const_i32(s->pc - pc_start));
             } else {
                 tcg_gen_trunc_tl_i32(cpu_tmp2_i32, cpu_T[0]);
-                gen_helper_lcall_real(cpu_tmp2_i32, cpu_T[1],
-                                      tcg_const_i32(dflag), 
+                gen_helper_lcall_real(cpu_env, cpu_tmp2_i32, cpu_T[1],
+                                      tcg_const_i32(dflag),
                                       tcg_const_i32(s->pc - s->cs_base));
             }
             gen_eob(s);
@@ -4765,7 +4765,7 @@  static target_ulong disas_insn(DisasContext *s, target_ulong pc_start)
                     gen_op_set_cc_op(s->cc_op);
                 gen_jmp_im(pc_start - s->cs_base);
                 tcg_gen_trunc_tl_i32(cpu_tmp2_i32, cpu_T[0]);
-                gen_helper_ljmp_protected(cpu_tmp2_i32, cpu_T[1],
+                gen_helper_ljmp_protected(cpu_env, cpu_tmp2_i32, cpu_T[1],
                                           tcg_const_i32(s->pc - pc_start));
             } else {
                 gen_op_movl_seg_T0_vm(R_CS);
@@ -6299,7 +6299,7 @@  static target_ulong disas_insn(DisasContext *s, target_ulong pc_start)
             if (s->cc_op != CC_OP_DYNAMIC)
                 gen_op_set_cc_op(s->cc_op);
             gen_jmp_im(pc_start - s->cs_base);
-            gen_helper_lret_protected(tcg_const_i32(s->dflag),
+            gen_helper_lret_protected(cpu_env, tcg_const_i32(s->dflag),
                                       tcg_const_i32(val));
         } else {
             gen_stack_A0(s);
@@ -6326,20 +6326,20 @@  static target_ulong disas_insn(DisasContext *s, target_ulong pc_start)
         gen_svm_check_intercept(s, pc_start, SVM_EXIT_IRET);
         if (!s->pe) {
             /* real mode */
-            gen_helper_iret_real(tcg_const_i32(s->dflag));
+            gen_helper_iret_real(cpu_env, tcg_const_i32(s->dflag));
             s->cc_op = CC_OP_EFLAGS;
         } else if (s->vm86) {
             if (s->iopl != 3) {
                 gen_exception(s, EXCP0D_GPF, pc_start - s->cs_base);
             } else {
-                gen_helper_iret_real(tcg_const_i32(s->dflag));
+                gen_helper_iret_real(cpu_env, tcg_const_i32(s->dflag));
                 s->cc_op = CC_OP_EFLAGS;
             }
         } else {
             if (s->cc_op != CC_OP_DYNAMIC)
                 gen_op_set_cc_op(s->cc_op);
             gen_jmp_im(pc_start - s->cs_base);
-            gen_helper_iret_protected(tcg_const_i32(s->dflag), 
+            gen_helper_iret_protected(cpu_env, tcg_const_i32(s->dflag),
                                       tcg_const_i32(s->pc - s->cs_base));
             s->cc_op = CC_OP_EFLAGS;
         }
@@ -7007,7 +7007,7 @@  static target_ulong disas_insn(DisasContext *s, target_ulong pc_start)
         } else {
             gen_update_cc_op(s);
             gen_jmp_im(pc_start - s->cs_base);
-            gen_helper_sysenter();
+            gen_helper_sysenter(cpu_env);
             gen_eob(s);
         }
         break;
@@ -7020,7 +7020,7 @@  static target_ulong disas_insn(DisasContext *s, target_ulong pc_start)
         } else {
             gen_update_cc_op(s);
             gen_jmp_im(pc_start - s->cs_base);
-            gen_helper_sysexit(tcg_const_i32(dflag));
+            gen_helper_sysexit(cpu_env, tcg_const_i32(dflag));
             gen_eob(s);
         }
         break;
@@ -7029,7 +7029,7 @@  static target_ulong disas_insn(DisasContext *s, target_ulong pc_start)
         /* XXX: is it usable in real mode ? */
         gen_update_cc_op(s);
         gen_jmp_im(pc_start - s->cs_base);
-        gen_helper_syscall(tcg_const_i32(s->pc - pc_start));
+        gen_helper_syscall(cpu_env, tcg_const_i32(s->pc - pc_start));
         gen_eob(s);
         break;
     case 0x107: /* sysret */
@@ -7038,7 +7038,7 @@  static target_ulong disas_insn(DisasContext *s, target_ulong pc_start)
         } else {
             gen_update_cc_op(s);
             gen_jmp_im(pc_start - s->cs_base);
-            gen_helper_sysret(tcg_const_i32(s->dflag));
+            gen_helper_sysret(cpu_env, tcg_const_i32(s->dflag));
             /* condition codes are modified only in long mode */
             if (s->lma)
                 s->cc_op = CC_OP_EFLAGS;
@@ -7088,7 +7088,7 @@  static target_ulong disas_insn(DisasContext *s, target_ulong pc_start)
                 gen_ldst_modrm(s, modrm, OT_WORD, OR_TMP0, 0);
                 gen_jmp_im(pc_start - s->cs_base);
                 tcg_gen_trunc_tl_i32(cpu_tmp2_i32, cpu_T[0]);
-                gen_helper_lldt(cpu_tmp2_i32);
+                gen_helper_lldt(cpu_env, cpu_tmp2_i32);
             }
             break;
         case 1: /* str */
@@ -7111,7 +7111,7 @@  static target_ulong disas_insn(DisasContext *s, target_ulong pc_start)
                 gen_ldst_modrm(s, modrm, OT_WORD, OR_TMP0, 0);
                 gen_jmp_im(pc_start - s->cs_base);
                 tcg_gen_trunc_tl_i32(cpu_tmp2_i32, cpu_T[0]);
-                gen_helper_ltr(cpu_tmp2_i32);
+                gen_helper_ltr(cpu_env, cpu_tmp2_i32);
             }
             break;
         case 4: /* verr */
@@ -7121,10 +7121,11 @@  static target_ulong disas_insn(DisasContext *s, target_ulong pc_start)
             gen_ldst_modrm(s, modrm, OT_WORD, OR_TMP0, 0);
             if (s->cc_op != CC_OP_DYNAMIC)
                 gen_op_set_cc_op(s->cc_op);
-            if (op == 4)
-                gen_helper_verr(cpu_T[0]);
-            else
-                gen_helper_verw(cpu_T[0]);
+            if (op == 4) {
+                gen_helper_verr(cpu_env, cpu_T[0]);
+            } else {
+                gen_helper_verw(cpu_env, cpu_T[0]);
+            }
             s->cc_op = CC_OP_EFLAGS;
             break;
         default:
@@ -7485,10 +7486,11 @@  static target_ulong disas_insn(DisasContext *s, target_ulong pc_start)
             t0 = tcg_temp_local_new();
             if (s->cc_op != CC_OP_DYNAMIC)
                 gen_op_set_cc_op(s->cc_op);
-            if (b == 0x102)
-                gen_helper_lar(t0, cpu_T[0]);
-            else
-                gen_helper_lsl(t0, cpu_T[0]);
+            if (b == 0x102) {
+                gen_helper_lar(t0, cpu_env, cpu_T[0]);
+            } else {
+                gen_helper_lsl(t0, cpu_env, cpu_T[0]);
+            }
             tcg_gen_andi_tl(cpu_tmp0, cpu_cc_src, CC_Z);
             label1 = gen_new_label();
             tcg_gen_brcondi_tl(TCG_COND_EQ, cpu_tmp0, 0, label1);