Patchwork [3/4] vfio: Type1 IOMMU implementation

login
register
mail settings
Submitter Alex Williamson
Date May 30, 2012, 5:34 a.m.
Message ID <20120530053428.1934.7088.stgit@bling.home>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/161861/
State Not Applicable
Headers show

Comments

Alex Williamson - May 30, 2012, 5:34 a.m.
This VFIO IOMMU backend is designed primarily for AMD-Vi and Intel
VT-d hardware, but is potentially usable by anything supporting
similar mapping functionality.  We arbitrarily call this a Type1
backend for lack of a better name.  This backend has no IOVA
or host memory mapping restrictions for the user and is optimized
for relatively static mappings.  Mapped areas are pinned into system
memory.

Signed-off-by: Alex Williamson <alex.williamson@redhat.com>
---

 Documentation/ioctl/ioctl-number.txt |    2 
 drivers/vfio/Kconfig                 |    6 
 drivers/vfio/Makefile                |    2 
 drivers/vfio/vfio.c                  |    7 
 drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c      |  754 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 include/linux/vfio.h                 |   54 ++
 6 files changed, 823 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c


--
To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-pci" in
the body of a message to majordomo@vger.kernel.org
More majordomo info at  http://vger.kernel.org/majordomo-info.html

Patch

diff --git a/Documentation/ioctl/ioctl-number.txt b/Documentation/ioctl/ioctl-number.txt
index 89bd3c4..170d838 100644
--- a/Documentation/ioctl/ioctl-number.txt
+++ b/Documentation/ioctl/ioctl-number.txt
@@ -88,7 +88,7 @@  Code  Seq#(hex)	Include File		Comments
 		and kernel/power/user.c
 '8'	all				SNP8023 advanced NIC card
 					<mailto:mcr@solidum.com>
-';'	64-6F	linux/vfio.h
+';'	64-72	linux/vfio.h
 '@'	00-0F	linux/radeonfb.h	conflict!
 '@'	00-0F	drivers/video/aty/aty128fb.c	conflict!
 'A'	00-1F	linux/apm_bios.h	conflict!
diff --git a/drivers/vfio/Kconfig b/drivers/vfio/Kconfig
index 9acb1e7..128b979 100644
--- a/drivers/vfio/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/vfio/Kconfig
@@ -1,6 +1,12 @@ 
+config VFIO_IOMMU_TYPE1
+	tristate
+	depends on VFIO
+	default n
+
 menuconfig VFIO
 	tristate "VFIO Non-Privileged userspace driver framework"
 	depends on IOMMU_API
+	select VFIO_IOMMU_TYPE1 if X86
 	help
 	  VFIO provides a framework for secure userspace device drivers.
 	  See Documentation/vfio.txt for more details.
diff --git a/drivers/vfio/Makefile b/drivers/vfio/Makefile
index 7500a67..2398d4a 100644
--- a/drivers/vfio/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/vfio/Makefile
@@ -1 +1,3 @@ 
 obj-$(CONFIG_VFIO) += vfio.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_VFIO_IOMMU_TYPE1) += vfio_iommu_type1.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_VFIO_PCI) += pci/
diff --git a/drivers/vfio/vfio.c b/drivers/vfio/vfio.c
index cbdd525..0c25819 100644
--- a/drivers/vfio/vfio.c
+++ b/drivers/vfio/vfio.c
@@ -1378,6 +1378,13 @@  static int __init vfio_init(void)
 
 	pr_info(DRIVER_DESC " version: " DRIVER_VERSION "\n");
 
+	/*
+	 * Attempt to load known iommu-drivers.  This gives us a working
+	 * environment without the user needing to explicitly load iommu
+	 * drivers.
+	 */
+	request_module_nowait("vfio_iommu_type1");
+
 	return 0;
 
 err_groups_cdev:
diff --git a/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c b/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..5bb6fad
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
@@ -0,0 +1,754 @@ 
+/*
+ * VFIO: IOMMU DMA mapping support for Type1 IOMMU
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2012 Red Hat, Inc.  All rights reserved.
+ *     Author: Alex Williamson <alex.williamson@redhat.com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * Derived from original vfio:
+ * Copyright 2010 Cisco Systems, Inc.  All rights reserved.
+ * Author: Tom Lyon, pugs@cisco.com
+ *
+ * We arbitrarily define a Type1 IOMMU as one matching the below code.
+ * It could be called the x86 IOMMU as it's designed for AMD-Vi & Intel
+ * VT-d, but that makes it harder to re-use as theoretically anyone
+ * implementing a similar IOMMU could make use of this.  We expect the
+ * IOMMU to support the IOMMU API and have few to no restrictions around
+ * the IOVA range that can be mapped.  The Type1 IOMMU is currently
+ * optimized for relatively static mappings of a userspace process with
+ * userpsace pages pinned into memory.  We also assume devices and IOMMU
+ * domains are PCI based as the IOMMU API is still centered around a
+ * device/bus interface rather than a group interface.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/compat.h>
+#include <linux/device.h>
+#include <linux/fs.h>
+#include <linux/iommu.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/mm.h>
+#include <linux/pci.h>		/* pci_bus_type */
+#include <linux/sched.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/uaccess.h>
+#include <linux/vfio.h>
+#include <linux/workqueue.h>
+
+#define DRIVER_VERSION  "0.2"
+#define DRIVER_AUTHOR   "Alex Williamson <alex.williamson@redhat.com>"
+#define DRIVER_DESC     "Type1 IOMMU driver for VFIO"
+
+static bool allow_unsafe_interrupts;
+module_param_named(allow_unsafe_interrupts,
+		   allow_unsafe_interrupts, bool, S_IRUGO | S_IWUSR);
+MODULE_PARM_DESC(allow_unsafe_interrupts,
+		 "Enable VFIO IOMMU support for on platforms without interrupt remapping support.");
+
+struct vfio_iommu {
+	struct iommu_domain	*domain;
+	struct mutex		lock;
+	struct list_head	dma_list;
+	struct list_head	group_list;
+	bool			cache;
+};
+
+struct vfio_dma {
+	struct list_head	next;
+	dma_addr_t		iova;		/* Device address */
+	unsigned long		vaddr;		/* Process virtual addr */
+	long			npage;		/* Number of pages */
+	int			prot;		/* IOMMU_READ/WRITE */
+};
+
+struct vfio_group {
+	struct iommu_group	*iommu_group;
+	struct list_head	next;
+};
+
+/*
+ * This code handles mapping and unmapping of user data buffers
+ * into DMA'ble space using the IOMMU
+ */
+
+#define NPAGE_TO_SIZE(npage)	((size_t)(npage) << PAGE_SHIFT)
+
+struct vwork {
+	struct mm_struct	*mm;
+	long			npage;
+	struct work_struct	work;
+};
+
+/* delayed decrement/increment for locked_vm */
+static void vfio_lock_acct_bg(struct work_struct *work)
+{
+	struct vwork *vwork = container_of(work, struct vwork, work);
+	struct mm_struct *mm;
+
+	mm = vwork->mm;
+	down_write(&mm->mmap_sem);
+	mm->locked_vm += vwork->npage;
+	up_write(&mm->mmap_sem);
+	mmput(mm);
+	kfree(vwork);
+}
+
+static void vfio_lock_acct(long npage)
+{
+	struct vwork *vwork;
+	struct mm_struct *mm;
+
+	if (!current->mm)
+		return; /* process exited */
+
+	if (down_write_trylock(&current->mm->mmap_sem)) {
+		current->mm->locked_vm += npage;
+		up_write(&current->mm->mmap_sem);
+		return;
+	}
+
+	/*
+	 * Couldn't get mmap_sem lock, so must setup to update
+	 * mm->locked_vm later. If locked_vm were atomic, we
+	 * wouldn't need this silliness
+	 */
+	vwork = kmalloc(sizeof(struct vwork), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!vwork)
+		return;
+	mm = get_task_mm(current);
+	if (!mm) {
+		kfree(vwork);
+		return;
+	}
+	INIT_WORK(&vwork->work, vfio_lock_acct_bg);
+	vwork->mm = mm;
+	vwork->npage = npage;
+	schedule_work(&vwork->work);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Some mappings aren't backed by a struct page, for example an mmap'd
+ * MMIO range for our own or another device.  These use a different
+ * pfn conversion and shouldn't be tracked as locked pages.
+ */
+static bool is_invalid_reserved_pfn(unsigned long pfn)
+{
+	if (pfn_valid(pfn)) {
+		bool reserved;
+		struct page *tail = pfn_to_page(pfn);
+		struct page *head = compound_trans_head(tail);
+		reserved = !!(PageReserved(head));
+		if (head != tail) {
+			/*
+			 * "head" is not a dangling pointer
+			 * (compound_trans_head takes care of that)
+			 * but the hugepage may have been split
+			 * from under us (and we may not hold a
+			 * reference count on the head page so it can
+			 * be reused before we run PageReferenced), so
+			 * we've to check PageTail before returning
+			 * what we just read.
+			 */
+			smp_rmb();
+			if (PageTail(tail))
+				return reserved;
+		}
+		return PageReserved(tail);
+	}
+
+	return true;
+}
+
+static int put_pfn(unsigned long pfn, int prot)
+{
+	if (!is_invalid_reserved_pfn(pfn)) {
+		struct page *page = pfn_to_page(pfn);
+		if (prot & IOMMU_WRITE)
+			SetPageDirty(page);
+		put_page(page);
+		return 1;
+	}
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/* Unmap DMA region */
+static long __vfio_dma_do_unmap(struct vfio_iommu *iommu, dma_addr_t iova,
+			     long npage, int prot)
+{
+	long i, unlocked = 0;
+
+	for (i = 0; i < npage; i++, iova += PAGE_SIZE) {
+		unsigned long pfn;
+
+		pfn = iommu_iova_to_phys(iommu->domain, iova) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+		if (pfn) {
+			iommu_unmap(iommu->domain, iova, PAGE_SIZE);
+			unlocked += put_pfn(pfn, prot);
+		}
+	}
+	return unlocked;
+}
+
+static void vfio_dma_unmap(struct vfio_iommu *iommu, dma_addr_t iova,
+			   long npage, int prot)
+{
+	long unlocked;
+
+	unlocked = __vfio_dma_do_unmap(iommu, iova, npage, prot);
+	vfio_lock_acct(-unlocked);
+}
+
+static int vaddr_get_pfn(unsigned long vaddr, int prot, unsigned long *pfn)
+{
+	struct page *page[1];
+	struct vm_area_struct *vma;
+	int ret = -EFAULT;
+
+	if (get_user_pages_fast(vaddr, 1, !!(prot & IOMMU_WRITE), page) == 1) {
+		*pfn = page_to_pfn(page[0]);
+		return 0;
+	}
+
+	down_read(&current->mm->mmap_sem);
+
+	vma = find_vma_intersection(current->mm, vaddr, vaddr + 1);
+
+	if (vma && vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP) {
+		*pfn = ((vaddr - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT) + vma->vm_pgoff;
+		if (is_invalid_reserved_pfn(*pfn))
+			ret = 0;
+	}
+
+	up_read(&current->mm->mmap_sem);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+/* Map DMA region */
+static int __vfio_dma_map(struct vfio_iommu *iommu, dma_addr_t iova,
+			  unsigned long vaddr, long npage, int prot)
+{
+	dma_addr_t start = iova;
+	long i, locked = 0;
+	int ret;
+
+	/* Verify that pages are not already mapped */
+	for (i = 0; i < npage; i++, iova += PAGE_SIZE)
+		if (iommu_iova_to_phys(iommu->domain, iova))
+			return -EBUSY;
+
+	iova = start;
+
+	if (iommu->cache)
+		prot |= IOMMU_CACHE;
+
+	/*
+	 * XXX We break mappings into pages and use get_user_pages_fast to
+	 * pin the pages in memory.  It's been suggested that mlock might
+	 * provide a more efficient mechanism, but nothing prevents the
+	 * user from munlocking the pages, which could then allow the user
+	 * access to random host memory.  We also have no guarantee from the
+	 * IOMMU API that the iommu driver can unmap sub-pages of previous
+	 * mappings.  This means we might lose an entire range if a single
+	 * page within it is unmapped.  Single page mappings are inefficient,
+	 * but provide the most flexibility for now.
+	 */
+	for (i = 0; i < npage; i++, iova += PAGE_SIZE, vaddr += PAGE_SIZE) {
+		unsigned long pfn = 0;
+
+		ret = vaddr_get_pfn(vaddr, prot, &pfn);
+		if (ret) {
+			__vfio_dma_do_unmap(iommu, start, i, prot);
+			return ret;
+		}
+
+		/*
+		 * Only add actual locked pages to accounting
+		 * XXX We're effectively marking a page locked for every
+		 * IOVA page even though it's possible the user could be
+		 * backing multiple IOVAs with the same vaddr.  This over-
+		 * penalizes the user process, but we currently have no
+		 * easy way to do this properly.
+		 */
+		if (!is_invalid_reserved_pfn(pfn))
+			locked++;
+
+		ret = iommu_map(iommu->domain, iova,
+				(phys_addr_t)pfn << PAGE_SHIFT,
+				PAGE_SIZE, prot);
+		if (ret) {
+			/* Back out mappings on error */
+			put_pfn(pfn, prot);
+			__vfio_dma_do_unmap(iommu, start, i, prot);
+			return ret;
+		}
+	}
+	vfio_lock_acct(locked);
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static inline bool ranges_overlap(dma_addr_t start1, size_t size1,
+				  dma_addr_t start2, size_t size2)
+{
+	if (start1 < start2)
+		return (start2 - start1 < size1);
+	else if (start2 < start1)
+		return (start1 - start2 < size2);
+	return (size1 > 0 && size2 > 0);
+}
+
+static struct vfio_dma *vfio_find_dma(struct vfio_iommu *iommu,
+						dma_addr_t start, size_t size)
+{
+	struct vfio_dma *dma;
+
+	list_for_each_entry(dma, &iommu->dma_list, next) {
+		if (ranges_overlap(dma->iova, NPAGE_TO_SIZE(dma->npage),
+				   start, size))
+			return dma;
+	}
+	return NULL;
+}
+
+static long vfio_remove_dma_overlap(struct vfio_iommu *iommu, dma_addr_t start,
+				    size_t size, struct vfio_dma *dma)
+{
+	struct vfio_dma *split;
+	long npage_lo, npage_hi;
+
+	/* Existing dma region is completely covered, unmap all */
+	if (start <= dma->iova &&
+	    start + size >= dma->iova + NPAGE_TO_SIZE(dma->npage)) {
+		vfio_dma_unmap(iommu, dma->iova, dma->npage, dma->prot);
+		list_del(&dma->next);
+		npage_lo = dma->npage;
+		kfree(dma);
+		return npage_lo;
+	}
+
+	/* Overlap low address of existing range */
+	if (start <= dma->iova) {
+		size_t overlap;
+
+		overlap = start + size - dma->iova;
+		npage_lo = overlap >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+
+		vfio_dma_unmap(iommu, dma->iova, npage_lo, dma->prot);
+		dma->iova += overlap;
+		dma->vaddr += overlap;
+		dma->npage -= npage_lo;
+		return npage_lo;
+	}
+
+	/* Overlap high address of existing range */
+	if (start + size >= dma->iova + NPAGE_TO_SIZE(dma->npage)) {
+		size_t overlap;
+
+		overlap = dma->iova + NPAGE_TO_SIZE(dma->npage) - start;
+		npage_hi = overlap >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+
+		vfio_dma_unmap(iommu, start, npage_hi, dma->prot);
+		dma->npage -= npage_hi;
+		return npage_hi;
+	}
+
+	/* Split existing */
+	npage_lo = (start - dma->iova) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+	npage_hi = dma->npage - (size >> PAGE_SHIFT) - npage_lo;
+
+	split = kzalloc(sizeof *split, GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!split)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+
+	vfio_dma_unmap(iommu, start, size >> PAGE_SHIFT, dma->prot);
+
+	dma->npage = npage_lo;
+
+	split->npage = npage_hi;
+	split->iova = start + size;
+	split->vaddr = dma->vaddr + NPAGE_TO_SIZE(npage_lo) + size;
+	split->prot = dma->prot;
+	list_add(&split->next, &iommu->dma_list);
+	return size >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+}
+
+static int vfio_dma_do_unmap(struct vfio_iommu *iommu,
+			     struct vfio_iommu_type1_dma_unmap *unmap)
+{
+	long ret = 0, npage = unmap->size >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+	struct vfio_dma *dma, *tmp;
+	uint64_t mask;
+
+	mask = ((uint64_t)1 << __ffs(iommu->domain->ops->pgsize_bitmap)) - 1;
+
+	if (unmap->iova & mask)
+		return -EINVAL;
+	if (unmap->size & mask)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	/* XXX We still break these down into PAGE_SIZE */
+	WARN_ON(mask & PAGE_MASK);
+
+	mutex_lock(&iommu->lock);
+
+	list_for_each_entry_safe(dma, tmp, &iommu->dma_list, next) {
+		if (ranges_overlap(dma->iova, NPAGE_TO_SIZE(dma->npage),
+				   unmap->iova, unmap->size)) {
+			ret = vfio_remove_dma_overlap(iommu, unmap->iova,
+						      unmap->size, dma);
+			if (ret > 0)
+				npage -= ret;
+			if (ret < 0 || npage == 0)
+				break;
+		}
+	}
+	mutex_unlock(&iommu->lock);
+	return ret > 0 ? 0 : (int)ret;
+}
+
+static int vfio_dma_do_map(struct vfio_iommu *iommu,
+			   struct vfio_iommu_type1_dma_map *map)
+{
+	struct vfio_dma *dma, *pdma = NULL;
+	dma_addr_t iova = map->iova;
+	unsigned long locked, lock_limit, vaddr = map->vaddr;
+	size_t size = map->size;
+	int ret = 0, prot = 0;
+	uint64_t mask;
+	long npage;
+
+	mask = ((uint64_t)1 << __ffs(iommu->domain->ops->pgsize_bitmap)) - 1;
+
+	/* READ/WRITE from device perspective */
+	if (map->flags & VFIO_DMA_MAP_FLAG_WRITE)
+		prot |= IOMMU_WRITE;
+	if (map->flags & VFIO_DMA_MAP_FLAG_READ)
+		prot |= IOMMU_READ;
+
+	if (!prot)
+		return -EINVAL; /* No READ/WRITE? */
+
+	if (vaddr & mask)
+		return -EINVAL;
+	if (iova & mask)
+		return -EINVAL;
+	if (size & mask)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	/* XXX We still break these down into PAGE_SIZE */
+	WARN_ON(mask & PAGE_MASK);
+
+	/* Don't allow IOVA wrap */
+	if (iova + size && iova + size < iova)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	/* Don't allow virtual address wrap */
+	if (vaddr + size && vaddr + size < vaddr)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	npage = size >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+	if (!npage)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	mutex_lock(&iommu->lock);
+
+	if (vfio_find_dma(iommu, iova, size)) {
+		ret = -EBUSY;
+		goto out_lock;
+	}
+
+	/* account for locked pages */
+	locked = current->mm->locked_vm + npage;
+	lock_limit = rlimit(RLIMIT_MEMLOCK) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+	if (locked > lock_limit && !capable(CAP_IPC_LOCK)) {
+		printk(KERN_WARNING "%s: RLIMIT_MEMLOCK (%ld) exceeded\n",
+			__func__, rlimit(RLIMIT_MEMLOCK));
+		ret = -ENOMEM;
+		goto out_lock;
+	}
+
+	ret = __vfio_dma_map(iommu, iova, vaddr, npage, prot);
+	if (ret)
+		goto out_lock;
+
+	/* Check if we abut a region below - nothing below 0 */
+	if (iova) {
+		dma = vfio_find_dma(iommu, iova - 1, 1);
+		if (dma && dma->prot == prot &&
+		    dma->vaddr + NPAGE_TO_SIZE(dma->npage) == vaddr) {
+
+			dma->npage += npage;
+			iova = dma->iova;
+			vaddr = dma->vaddr;
+			npage = dma->npage;
+			size = NPAGE_TO_SIZE(npage);
+
+			pdma = dma;
+		}
+	}
+
+	/* Check if we abut a region above - nothing above ~0 + 1 */
+	if (iova + size) {
+		dma = vfio_find_dma(iommu, iova + size, 1);
+		if (dma && dma->prot == prot &&
+		    dma->vaddr == vaddr + size) {
+
+			dma->npage += npage;
+			dma->iova = iova;
+			dma->vaddr = vaddr;
+
+			/*
+			 * If merged above and below, remove previously
+			 * merged entry.  New entry covers it.
+			 */
+			if (pdma) {
+				list_del(&pdma->next);
+				kfree(pdma);
+			}
+			pdma = dma;
+		}
+	}
+
+	/* Isolated, new region */
+	if (!pdma) {
+		dma = kzalloc(sizeof *dma, GFP_KERNEL);
+		if (!dma) {
+			ret = -ENOMEM;
+			vfio_dma_unmap(iommu, iova, npage, prot);
+			goto out_lock;
+		}
+
+		dma->npage = npage;
+		dma->iova = iova;
+		dma->vaddr = vaddr;
+		dma->prot = prot;
+		list_add(&dma->next, &iommu->dma_list);
+	}
+
+out_lock:
+	mutex_unlock(&iommu->lock);
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static int vfio_iommu_type1_attach_group(void *iommu_data,
+					 struct iommu_group *iommu_group)
+{
+	struct vfio_iommu *iommu = iommu_data;
+	struct vfio_group *group, *tmp;
+	int ret;
+
+	group = kzalloc(sizeof(*group), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!group)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+
+	mutex_lock(&iommu->lock);
+
+	list_for_each_entry(tmp, &iommu->group_list, next) {
+		if (tmp->iommu_group == iommu_group) {
+			mutex_unlock(&iommu->lock);
+			kfree(group);
+			return -EINVAL;
+		}
+	}
+
+	/*
+	 * TODO: Domain have capabilities that might change as we add
+	 * groups (see iommu->cache, currently never set).  Check for
+	 * them and potentially disallow groups to be attached when it
+	 * would change capabilities (ugh).
+	 */
+	ret = iommu_attach_group(iommu->domain, iommu_group);
+	if (ret) {
+		mutex_unlock(&iommu->lock);
+		kfree(group);
+		return ret;
+	}
+
+	group->iommu_group = iommu_group;
+	list_add(&group->next, &iommu->group_list);
+
+	mutex_unlock(&iommu->lock);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static void vfio_iommu_type1_detach_group(void *iommu_data,
+					  struct iommu_group *iommu_group)
+{
+	struct vfio_iommu *iommu = iommu_data;
+	struct vfio_group *group;
+
+	mutex_lock(&iommu->lock);
+
+	list_for_each_entry(group, &iommu->group_list, next) {
+		if (group->iommu_group == iommu_group) {
+			iommu_detach_group(iommu->domain, iommu_group);
+			list_del(&group->next);
+			kfree(group);
+			break;
+		}
+	}
+
+	mutex_unlock(&iommu->lock);
+}
+
+static void *vfio_iommu_type1_open(unsigned long arg)
+{
+	struct vfio_iommu *iommu;
+
+	if (arg != VFIO_TYPE1_IOMMU)
+		return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
+
+	iommu = kzalloc(sizeof(*iommu), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!iommu)
+		return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+
+	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&iommu->group_list);
+	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&iommu->dma_list);
+	mutex_init(&iommu->lock);
+
+	/*
+	 * Wish we didn't have to know about bus_type here.
+	 */
+	iommu->domain = iommu_domain_alloc(&pci_bus_type);
+	if (!iommu->domain) {
+		kfree(iommu);
+		return ERR_PTR(-EIO);
+	}
+
+	/*
+	 * Wish we could specify required capabilities rather than create
+	 * a domain, see what comes out and hope it doesn't change along
+	 * the way.  Fortunately we know interrupt remapping is global for
+	 * our iommus.
+	 */
+	if (!allow_unsafe_interrupts &&
+	    !iommu_domain_has_cap(iommu->domain, IOMMU_CAP_INTR_REMAP)) {
+		printk(KERN_WARNING
+		       "%s: No interrupt remapping support.  Use the module param \"allow_unsafe_interrupts\" to enable VFIO IOMMU support on this platform\n",
+		       __func__);
+		iommu_domain_free(iommu->domain);
+		kfree(iommu);
+		return ERR_PTR(-EPERM);
+	}
+
+	return iommu;
+}
+
+static void vfio_iommu_type1_release(void *iommu_data)
+{
+	struct vfio_iommu *iommu = iommu_data;
+	struct vfio_group *group, *group_tmp;
+	struct vfio_dma *dma, *dma_tmp;
+
+	list_for_each_entry_safe(group, group_tmp, &iommu->group_list, next) {
+		iommu_detach_group(iommu->domain, group->iommu_group);
+		list_del(&group->next);
+		kfree(group);
+	}
+
+	list_for_each_entry_safe(dma, dma_tmp, &iommu->dma_list, next) {
+		vfio_dma_unmap(iommu, dma->iova, dma->npage, dma->prot);
+		list_del(&dma->next);
+		kfree(dma);
+	}
+
+	iommu_domain_free(iommu->domain);
+	iommu->domain = NULL;
+	kfree(iommu);
+}
+
+static long vfio_iommu_type1_ioctl(void *iommu_data,
+				   unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
+{
+	struct vfio_iommu *iommu = iommu_data;
+	unsigned long minsz;
+
+	if (cmd == VFIO_CHECK_EXTENSION) {
+		switch (arg) {
+		case VFIO_TYPE1_IOMMU:
+			return 1;
+		default:
+			return 0;
+		}
+	} else if (cmd == VFIO_IOMMU_GET_INFO) {
+		struct vfio_iommu_type1_info info;
+
+		minsz = offsetofend(struct vfio_iommu_type1_info, iova_pgsizes);
+
+		if (copy_from_user(&info, (void __user *)arg, minsz))
+			return -EFAULT;
+
+		if (info.argsz < minsz)
+			return -EINVAL;
+
+		info.flags = 0;
+
+		info.iova_pgsizes = iommu->domain->ops->pgsize_bitmap;
+
+		return copy_to_user((void __user *)arg, &info, minsz);
+
+	} else if (cmd == VFIO_IOMMU_MAP_DMA) {
+		struct vfio_iommu_type1_dma_map map;
+		uint32_t mask = VFIO_DMA_MAP_FLAG_READ |
+				VFIO_DMA_MAP_FLAG_WRITE;
+
+		minsz = offsetofend(struct vfio_iommu_type1_dma_map, size);
+
+		if (copy_from_user(&map, (void __user *)arg, minsz))
+			return -EFAULT;
+
+		if (map.argsz < minsz || map.flags & ~mask)
+			return -EINVAL;
+
+		return vfio_dma_do_map(iommu, &map);
+
+	} else if (cmd == VFIO_IOMMU_UNMAP_DMA) {
+		struct vfio_iommu_type1_dma_unmap unmap;
+
+		minsz = offsetofend(struct vfio_iommu_type1_dma_unmap, size);
+
+		if (copy_from_user(&unmap, (void __user *)arg, minsz))
+			return -EFAULT;
+
+		if (unmap.argsz < minsz || unmap.flags)
+			return -EINVAL;
+
+		return vfio_dma_do_unmap(iommu, &unmap);
+	}
+
+	return -ENOTTY;
+}
+
+const struct vfio_iommu_driver_ops vfio_iommu_driver_ops_type1 = {
+	.name		= "vfio-iommu-type1",
+	.owner		= THIS_MODULE,
+	.open		= vfio_iommu_type1_open,
+	.release	= vfio_iommu_type1_release,
+	.ioctl		= vfio_iommu_type1_ioctl,
+	.attach_group	= vfio_iommu_type1_attach_group,
+	.detach_group	= vfio_iommu_type1_detach_group,
+};
+
+static int __init vfio_iommu_type1_init(void)
+{
+	if (!iommu_present(&pci_bus_type))
+		return -ENODEV;
+
+	return vfio_register_iommu_driver(&vfio_iommu_driver_ops_type1);
+}
+
+static void __exit vfio_iommu_type1_cleanup(void)
+{
+	vfio_unregister_iommu_driver(&vfio_iommu_driver_ops_type1);
+}
+
+module_init(vfio_iommu_type1_init);
+module_exit(vfio_iommu_type1_cleanup);
+
+MODULE_VERSION(DRIVER_VERSION);
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
+MODULE_AUTHOR(DRIVER_AUTHOR);
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION(DRIVER_DESC);
diff --git a/include/linux/vfio.h b/include/linux/vfio.h
index a586f6b..43c58b2 100644
--- a/include/linux/vfio.h
+++ b/include/linux/vfio.h
@@ -98,7 +98,7 @@  extern void vfio_unregister_iommu_driver(
 
 /* Extensions */
 
-/* None yet */
+#define VFIO_TYPE1_IOMMU		1
 
 /*
  * The IOCTL interface is designed for extensibility by embedding the
@@ -364,4 +364,56 @@  struct vfio_irq_set {
  */
 #define VFIO_DEVICE_RESET		_IO(VFIO_TYPE, VFIO_BASE + 11)
 
+/* -------- API for Type1 VFIO IOMMU -------- */
+
+/**
+ * VFIO_IOMMU_GET_INFO - _IOR(VFIO_TYPE, VFIO_BASE + 12, struct vfio_iommu_info)
+ *
+ * Retrieve information about the IOMMU object. Fills in provided
+ * struct vfio_iommu_info. Caller sets argsz.
+ *
+ * XXX Should we do these by CHECK_EXTENSION too?
+ */
+struct vfio_iommu_type1_info {
+	__u32	argsz;
+	__u32	flags;
+#define VFIO_IOMMU_INFO_PGSIZES (1 << 0)	/* supported page sizes info */
+	__u64	iova_pgsizes;		/* Bitmap of supported page sizes */
+};
+
+#define VFIO_IOMMU_GET_INFO _IO(VFIO_TYPE, VFIO_BASE + 12)
+
+/**
+ * VFIO_IOMMU_MAP_DMA - _IOW(VFIO_TYPE, VFIO_BASE + 13, struct vfio_dma_map)
+ *
+ * Map process virtual addresses to IO virtual addresses using the
+ * provided struct vfio_dma_map. Caller sets argsz. READ &/ WRITE required.
+ */
+struct vfio_iommu_type1_dma_map {
+	__u32	argsz;
+	__u32	flags;
+#define VFIO_DMA_MAP_FLAG_READ (1 << 0)		/* readable from device */
+#define VFIO_DMA_MAP_FLAG_WRITE (1 << 1)	/* writable from device */
+	__u64	vaddr;				/* Process virtual address */
+	__u64	iova;				/* IO virtual address */
+	__u64	size;				/* Size of mapping (bytes) */
+};
+
+#define VFIO_IOMMU_MAP_DMA _IO(VFIO_TYPE, VFIO_BASE + 13)
+
+/**
+ * VFIO_IOMMU_UNMAP_DMA - _IOW(VFIO_TYPE, VFIO_BASE + 14, struct vfio_dma_unmap)
+ *
+ * Unmap IO virtual addresses using the provided struct vfio_dma_unmap.
+ * Caller sets argsz.
+ */
+struct vfio_iommu_type1_dma_unmap {
+	__u32	argsz;
+	__u32	flags;
+	__u64	iova;				/* IO virtual address */
+	__u64	size;				/* Size of mapping (bytes) */
+};
+
+#define VFIO_IOMMU_UNMAP_DMA _IO(VFIO_TYPE, VFIO_BASE + 14)
+
 #endif /* VFIO_H */