Patchwork ext4: fix how i_version is modified and turn it on by default V2

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Submitter Josef Bacik
Date May 15, 2012, 2:33 p.m.
Message ID <1337092396-3272-1-git-send-email-josef@redhat.com>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/159353/
State New
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Comments

Josef Bacik - May 15, 2012, 2:33 p.m.
This makes MS_I_VERSION be turned on by default.  Ext4 had been
unconditionally doing i_version++ in a few cases anway so the mount option
was kind of silly.  This patch also removes the update in mark_inode_dirty
and makes all of the cases where we update ctime also do inode_inc_iversion.
file_update_time takes care of the write case and all the places where we
update iversion are protected by the i_mutex so there should be no extra
i_lock overhead in the normal non-exported fs case.  Thanks,

Signed-off-by: Josef Bacik <josef@redhat.com>
---
V1->V2: introduce ext4_inode_update_time helper to update ctime/time and
i_version to make the code a little easier and make it less fragile.

 fs/ext4/acl.c      |    2 +-
 fs/ext4/ext4.h     |   16 ++++++++++++++++
 fs/ext4/extents.c  |   13 ++++---------
 fs/ext4/indirect.c |    2 +-
 fs/ext4/inode.c    |    3 ---
 fs/ext4/ioctl.c    |    4 ++--
 fs/ext4/namei.c    |   24 ++++++++++--------------
 fs/ext4/super.c    |    6 +++---
 fs/ext4/xattr.c    |    2 +-
 9 files changed, 38 insertions(+), 34 deletions(-)
Jan Kara - May 15, 2012, 3:18 p.m.
On Tue 15-05-12 10:33:16, Josef Bacik wrote:
> This makes MS_I_VERSION be turned on by default.  Ext4 had been
> unconditionally doing i_version++ in a few cases anway so the mount option
> was kind of silly.  This patch also removes the update in mark_inode_dirty
> and makes all of the cases where we update ctime also do inode_inc_iversion.
> file_update_time takes care of the write case and all the places where we
> update iversion are protected by the i_mutex so there should be no extra
> i_lock overhead in the normal non-exported fs case.  Thanks,
> 
> Signed-off-by: Josef Bacik <josef@redhat.com>
  Looks good. You can add 
Reviewed-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
  provided Bruce won't find some serious performance issue with having
i_version enabled by default...

								Honza
> ---
> V1->V2: introduce ext4_inode_update_time helper to update ctime/time and
> i_version to make the code a little easier and make it less fragile.
> 
>  fs/ext4/acl.c      |    2 +-
>  fs/ext4/ext4.h     |   16 ++++++++++++++++
>  fs/ext4/extents.c  |   13 ++++---------
>  fs/ext4/indirect.c |    2 +-
>  fs/ext4/inode.c    |    3 ---
>  fs/ext4/ioctl.c    |    4 ++--
>  fs/ext4/namei.c    |   24 ++++++++++--------------
>  fs/ext4/super.c    |    6 +++---
>  fs/ext4/xattr.c    |    2 +-
>  9 files changed, 38 insertions(+), 34 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/fs/ext4/acl.c b/fs/ext4/acl.c
> index a5c29bb..c445d3a 100644
> --- a/fs/ext4/acl.c
> +++ b/fs/ext4/acl.c
> @@ -202,7 +202,7 @@ ext4_set_acl(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, int type,
>  			if (error < 0)
>  				return error;
>  			else {
> -				inode->i_ctime = ext4_current_time(inode);
> +				ext4_inode_update_time(inode, CTIME);
>  				ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode);
>  				if (error == 0)
>  					acl = NULL;
> diff --git a/fs/ext4/ext4.h b/fs/ext4/ext4.h
> index 513004f..9ff4bdb 100644
> --- a/fs/ext4/ext4.h
> +++ b/fs/ext4/ext4.h
> @@ -1276,6 +1276,22 @@ static inline struct timespec ext4_current_time(struct inode *inode)
>  		current_fs_time(inode->i_sb) : CURRENT_TIME_SEC;
>  }
>  
> +enum time_update {
> +	MTIME = 1,
> +	CTIME = 2,
> +};
> +
> +static inline void ext4_inode_update_time(struct inode *inode, int flags)
> +{
> +	inode_inc_iversion(inode);
> +
> +	if (flags & MTIME)
> +		inode->i_mtime = ext4_current_time(inode);
> +	if (flags & CTIME)
> +		inode->i_ctime = ext4_current_time(inode);
> +}
> +
> +
>  static inline int ext4_valid_inum(struct super_block *sb, unsigned long ino)
>  {
>  	return ino == EXT4_ROOT_INO ||
> diff --git a/fs/ext4/extents.c b/fs/ext4/extents.c
> index 74f23c2..5c2b4cf 100644
> --- a/fs/ext4/extents.c
> +++ b/fs/ext4/extents.c
> @@ -4249,7 +4249,7 @@ out_stop:
>  	if (inode->i_nlink)
>  		ext4_orphan_del(handle, inode);
>  
> -	inode->i_mtime = inode->i_ctime = ext4_current_time(inode);
> +	ext4_inode_update_time(inode, CTIME | MTIME);
>  	ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode);
>  	ext4_journal_stop(handle);
>  }
> @@ -4257,13 +4257,8 @@ out_stop:
>  static void ext4_falloc_update_inode(struct inode *inode,
>  				int mode, loff_t new_size, int update_ctime)
>  {
> -	struct timespec now;
> -
> -	if (update_ctime) {
> -		now = current_fs_time(inode->i_sb);
> -		if (!timespec_equal(&inode->i_ctime, &now))
> -			inode->i_ctime = now;
> -	}
> +	if (update_ctime)
> +		ext4_inode_update_time(inode, CTIME);
>  	/*
>  	 * Update only when preallocation was requested beyond
>  	 * the file size.
> @@ -4905,7 +4900,7 @@ int ext4_ext_punch_hole(struct file *file, loff_t offset, loff_t length)
>  
>  out:
>  	ext4_orphan_del(handle, inode);
> -	inode->i_mtime = inode->i_ctime = ext4_current_time(inode);
> +	ext4_inode_update_time(inode, CTIME | MTIME);
>  	ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode);
>  	ext4_journal_stop(handle);
>  	return err;
> diff --git a/fs/ext4/indirect.c b/fs/ext4/indirect.c
> index 830e1b2..a63a4ad 100644
> --- a/fs/ext4/indirect.c
> +++ b/fs/ext4/indirect.c
> @@ -1476,7 +1476,7 @@ do_indirects:
>  
>  out_unlock:
>  	up_write(&ei->i_data_sem);
> -	inode->i_mtime = inode->i_ctime = ext4_current_time(inode);
> +	ext4_inode_update_time(inode, CTIME | MTIME);
>  	ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode);
>  
>  	/*
> diff --git a/fs/ext4/inode.c b/fs/ext4/inode.c
> index feaa82f..d11b4e5 100644
> --- a/fs/ext4/inode.c
> +++ b/fs/ext4/inode.c
> @@ -4314,9 +4314,6 @@ int ext4_mark_iloc_dirty(handle_t *handle,
>  {
>  	int err = 0;
>  
> -	if (test_opt(inode->i_sb, I_VERSION))
> -		inode_inc_iversion(inode);
> -
>  	/* the do_update_inode consumes one bh->b_count */
>  	get_bh(iloc->bh);
>  
> diff --git a/fs/ext4/ioctl.c b/fs/ext4/ioctl.c
> index 6eee255..a162faf 100644
> --- a/fs/ext4/ioctl.c
> +++ b/fs/ext4/ioctl.c
> @@ -120,7 +120,7 @@ long ext4_ioctl(struct file *filp, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
>  		ei->i_flags = flags;
>  
>  		ext4_set_inode_flags(inode);
> -		inode->i_ctime = ext4_current_time(inode);
> +		ext4_inode_update_time(inode, CTIME);
>  
>  		err = ext4_mark_iloc_dirty(handle, inode, &iloc);
>  flags_err:
> @@ -168,7 +168,7 @@ flags_out:
>  		}
>  		err = ext4_reserve_inode_write(handle, inode, &iloc);
>  		if (err == 0) {
> -			inode->i_ctime = ext4_current_time(inode);
> +			ext4_inode_update_time(inode, CTIME);
>  			inode->i_generation = generation;
>  			err = ext4_mark_iloc_dirty(handle, inode, &iloc);
>  		}
> diff --git a/fs/ext4/namei.c b/fs/ext4/namei.c
> index 2043f48..c8417e6 100644
> --- a/fs/ext4/namei.c
> +++ b/fs/ext4/namei.c
> @@ -1316,9 +1316,8 @@ static int add_dirent_to_buf(handle_t *handle, struct dentry *dentry,
>  	 * happen is that the times are slightly out of date
>  	 * and/or different from the directory change time.
>  	 */
> -	dir->i_mtime = dir->i_ctime = ext4_current_time(dir);
> +	ext4_inode_update_time(dir, CTIME | MTIME);
>  	ext4_update_dx_flag(dir);
> -	dir->i_version++;
>  	ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, dir);
>  	BUFFER_TRACE(bh, "call ext4_handle_dirty_metadata");
>  	err = ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, dir, bh);
> @@ -1668,7 +1667,6 @@ static int ext4_delete_entry(handle_t *handle,
>  					blocksize);
>  			else
>  				de->inode = 0;
> -			dir->i_version++;
>  			BUFFER_TRACE(bh, "call ext4_handle_dirty_metadata");
>  			err = ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, dir, bh);
>  			if (unlikely(err)) {
> @@ -2158,14 +2156,14 @@ static int ext4_rmdir(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry)
>  		ext4_warning(inode->i_sb,
>  			     "empty directory has too many links (%d)",
>  			     inode->i_nlink);
> -	inode->i_version++;
>  	clear_nlink(inode);
>  	/* There's no need to set i_disksize: the fact that i_nlink is
>  	 * zero will ensure that the right thing happens during any
>  	 * recovery. */
>  	inode->i_size = 0;
>  	ext4_orphan_add(handle, inode);
> -	inode->i_ctime = dir->i_ctime = dir->i_mtime = ext4_current_time(inode);
> +	ext4_inode_update_time(inode, CTIME);
> +	ext4_inode_update_time(dir, CTIME | MTIME);
>  	ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode);
>  	ext4_dec_count(handle, dir);
>  	ext4_update_dx_flag(dir);
> @@ -2218,13 +2216,13 @@ static int ext4_unlink(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry)
>  	retval = ext4_delete_entry(handle, dir, de, bh);
>  	if (retval)
>  		goto end_unlink;
> -	dir->i_ctime = dir->i_mtime = ext4_current_time(dir);
> +	ext4_inode_update_time(dir, MTIME | CTIME);
>  	ext4_update_dx_flag(dir);
>  	ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, dir);
>  	drop_nlink(inode);
>  	if (!inode->i_nlink)
>  		ext4_orphan_add(handle, inode);
> -	inode->i_ctime = ext4_current_time(inode);
> +	ext4_inode_update_time(inode, CTIME);
>  	ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode);
>  	retval = 0;
>  
> @@ -2363,7 +2361,7 @@ retry:
>  	if (IS_DIRSYNC(dir))
>  		ext4_handle_sync(handle);
>  
> -	inode->i_ctime = ext4_current_time(inode);
> +	ext4_inode_update_time(inode, CTIME);
>  	ext4_inc_count(handle, inode);
>  	ihold(inode);
>  
> @@ -2470,9 +2468,7 @@ static int ext4_rename(struct inode *old_dir, struct dentry *old_dentry,
>  		if (EXT4_HAS_INCOMPAT_FEATURE(new_dir->i_sb,
>  					      EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FILETYPE))
>  			new_de->file_type = old_de->file_type;
> -		new_dir->i_version++;
> -		new_dir->i_ctime = new_dir->i_mtime =
> -					ext4_current_time(new_dir);
> +		ext4_inode_update_time(new_dir, CTIME | MTIME);
>  		ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, new_dir);
>  		BUFFER_TRACE(new_bh, "call ext4_handle_dirty_metadata");
>  		retval = ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, new_dir, new_bh);
> @@ -2488,7 +2484,7 @@ static int ext4_rename(struct inode *old_dir, struct dentry *old_dentry,
>  	 * Like most other Unix systems, set the ctime for inodes on a
>  	 * rename.
>  	 */
> -	old_inode->i_ctime = ext4_current_time(old_inode);
> +	ext4_inode_update_time(old_inode, CTIME);
>  	ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, old_inode);
>  
>  	/*
> @@ -2521,9 +2517,9 @@ static int ext4_rename(struct inode *old_dir, struct dentry *old_dentry,
>  
>  	if (new_inode) {
>  		ext4_dec_count(handle, new_inode);
> -		new_inode->i_ctime = ext4_current_time(new_inode);
> +		ext4_inode_update_time(new_inode, CTIME);
>  	}
> -	old_dir->i_ctime = old_dir->i_mtime = ext4_current_time(old_dir);
> +	ext4_inode_update_time(old_dir, CTIME | MTIME);
>  	ext4_update_dx_flag(old_dir);
>  	if (dir_bh) {
>  		PARENT_INO(dir_bh->b_data, new_dir->i_sb->s_blocksize) =
> diff --git a/fs/ext4/super.c b/fs/ext4/super.c
> index 502c61f..98d6863 100644
> --- a/fs/ext4/super.c
> +++ b/fs/ext4/super.c
> @@ -1813,8 +1813,7 @@ set_qf_format:
>  				 "Ignoring deprecated bh option");
>  			break;
>  		case Opt_i_version:
> -			set_opt(sb, I_VERSION);
> -			sb->s_flags |= MS_I_VERSION;
> +			/* On by default now */
>  			break;
>  		case Opt_nodelalloc:
>  			clear_opt(sb, DELALLOC);
> @@ -3132,6 +3131,7 @@ static int ext4_fill_super(struct super_block *sb, void *data, int silent)
>  		goto out_free_orig;
>  	}
>  	sb->s_fs_info = sbi;
> +	sb->s_flags |= MS_I_VERSION;
>  	sbi->s_mount_opt = 0;
>  	sbi->s_resuid = EXT4_DEF_RESUID;
>  	sbi->s_resgid = EXT4_DEF_RESGID;
> @@ -4831,7 +4831,7 @@ static int ext4_quota_off(struct super_block *sb, int type)
>  	handle = ext4_journal_start(inode, 1);
>  	if (IS_ERR(handle))
>  		goto out;
> -	inode->i_mtime = inode->i_ctime = CURRENT_TIME;
> +	ext4_inode_update_time(inode, CTIME | MTIME);
>  	ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode);
>  	ext4_journal_stop(handle);
>  
> diff --git a/fs/ext4/xattr.c b/fs/ext4/xattr.c
> index 93a00d8..e8bcc6f 100644
> --- a/fs/ext4/xattr.c
> +++ b/fs/ext4/xattr.c
> @@ -1048,7 +1048,7 @@ ext4_xattr_set_handle(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, int name_index,
>  	}
>  	if (!error) {
>  		ext4_xattr_update_super_block(handle, inode->i_sb);
> -		inode->i_ctime = ext4_current_time(inode);
> +		ext4_inode_update_time(inode, CTIME);
>  		if (!value)
>  			ext4_clear_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_NO_EXPAND);
>  		error = ext4_mark_iloc_dirty(handle, inode, &is.iloc);
> -- 
> 1.7.7.6
>
Josef Bacik - May 15, 2012, 5:53 p.m.
On Tue, May 15, 2012 at 10:33:16AM -0400, Josef Bacik wrote:
> This makes MS_I_VERSION be turned on by default.  Ext4 had been
> unconditionally doing i_version++ in a few cases anway so the mount option
> was kind of silly.  This patch also removes the update in mark_inode_dirty
> and makes all of the cases where we update ctime also do inode_inc_iversion.
> file_update_time takes care of the write case and all the places where we
> update iversion are protected by the i_mutex so there should be no extra
> i_lock overhead in the normal non-exported fs case.  Thanks,
> 

Ok did some basic benchmarking with dd, I ran

dd if=/dev/zero of=/mnt/btrfs-test/file bs=1 count=10485760
dd if=/dev/zero of=/mnt/btrfs-test/file bs=1M count=1000
dd if=/dev/zero of=/mnt/btrfs-test/file bs=1M count=5000

3 times with the patch and without the patch.  With the worst case scenario
there is about a 40% longer run time, going from on average 12 seconds to 17
seconds.  With the other two runs they are the same runtime with the 1 megabyte
blocks.  So the question is, do we care about this worst case since any sane
application developer isn't going to do writes that small?  Thanks,

Josef
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Boaz Harrosh - May 15, 2012, 6:17 p.m.
On 05/15/2012 08:53 PM, Josef Bacik wrote:

> On Tue, May 15, 2012 at 10:33:16AM -0400, Josef Bacik wrote:
>> This makes MS_I_VERSION be turned on by default.  Ext4 had been
>> unconditionally doing i_version++ in a few cases anway so the mount option
>> was kind of silly.  This patch also removes the update in mark_inode_dirty
>> and makes all of the cases where we update ctime also do inode_inc_ב.
>> file_update_time takes care of the write case and all the places where we
>> update iversion are protected by the i_mutex so there should be no extra
>> i_lock overhead in the normal non-exported fs case.  Thanks,
>>
> 
> Ok did some basic benchmarking with dd, I ran
> 
> dd if=/dev/zero of=/mnt/btrfs-test/file bs=1 count=10485760
> dd if=/dev/zero of=/mnt/btrfs-test/file bs=1M count=1000
> dd if=/dev/zero of=/mnt/btrfs-test/file bs=1M count=5000
> 
> 3 times with the patch and without the patch.  With the worst case scenario
> there is about a 40% longer run time, going from on average 12 seconds to 17
> seconds.  


do you mean that the "with the patch" is 40% slower then "without the patch"
	in the same "bs=1 count=10485760 test" ?

Then count me clueless. Do you understand this difference?

The way I read your patch the inode is copied and written to disk exactly the
same number of times, as before. Only that now i_version is also updated
together with ctime and/or mtime. What is the fundamental difference then?
Is it just that i_version++ in-memory operation?

> With the other two runs they are the same runtime with the 1 megabyte
> blocks.  So the question is, do we care about this worst case since any sane
> application developer isn't going to do writes that small?  Thanks,

> Josef
Thanks
Boaz

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Josef Bacik - May 15, 2012, 6:29 p.m.
On Tue, May 15, 2012 at 09:17:16PM +0300, Boaz Harrosh wrote:
> On 05/15/2012 08:53 PM, Josef Bacik wrote:
> 
> > On Tue, May 15, 2012 at 10:33:16AM -0400, Josef Bacik wrote:
> >> This makes MS_I_VERSION be turned on by default.  Ext4 had been
> >> unconditionally doing i_version++ in a few cases anway so the mount option
> >> was kind of silly.  This patch also removes the update in mark_inode_dirty
> >> and makes all of the cases where we update ctime also do inode_inc_ב.
> >> file_update_time takes care of the write case and all the places where we
> >> update iversion are protected by the i_mutex so there should be no extra
> >> i_lock overhead in the normal non-exported fs case.  Thanks,
> >>
> > 
> > Ok did some basic benchmarking with dd, I ran
> > 
> > dd if=/dev/zero of=/mnt/btrfs-test/file bs=1 count=10485760
> > dd if=/dev/zero of=/mnt/btrfs-test/file bs=1M count=1000
> > dd if=/dev/zero of=/mnt/btrfs-test/file bs=1M count=5000
> > 
> > 3 times with the patch and without the patch.  With the worst case scenario
> > there is about a 40% longer run time, going from on average 12 seconds to 17
> > seconds.  
> 
> 
> do you mean that the "with the patch" is 40% slower then "without the patch"
> 	in the same "bs=1 count=10485760 test" ?
> 
> Then count me clueless. Do you understand this difference?
> 
> The way I read your patch the inode is copied and written to disk exactly the
> same number of times, as before. Only that now i_version is also updated
> together with ctime and/or mtime. What is the fundamental difference then?
> Is it just that i_version++ in-memory operation?
>

Yeah but for every write() call we have to do this in-memory operation (via
file_update_time()), so in the worst case where you are doing 1 byte writes
where you would notice this sort of overhead you get a 40% overhead just from

spin_lock(&inode->i_lock);
inode->i_version++;
spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock);

and then the subsequent mark_inode_dirty() call.  What is likely saving us here
is that the 1 byte writes are happening fast enough that the normal ctime/mtime
operations aren't triggering a mark_inode_dirty() since it appears to happen
wihtin the same time, but now that we're doing the i_version++ we are calling
mark_inode_dirty() more than before.  I'd have to profile it to verify that's
what is actually happening, but that means turning on ftrace and parsing a bunch
of output and man that sounds like more time than I want to waste on this.  The
question is do we care that the worst case is so awful since the worst case is
likely to not show up often if at all?  If we do then I guess the next step is
to add a fs flag for i_version so that people who are going to be exporting file
systems can get this without having to use a special option all the time.
Thanks,

Josef 
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Andreas Dilger - May 15, 2012, 7:55 p.m.
On 2012-05-15, at 12:29 PM, Josef Bacik wrote:
> On Tue, May 15, 2012 at 09:17:16PM +0300, Boaz Harrosh wrote:
>> On 05/15/2012 08:53 PM, Josef Bacik wrote:
>>> On Tue, May 15, 2012 at 10:33:16AM -0400, Josef Bacik wrote:
>>>> This makes MS_I_VERSION be turned on by default.  Ext4 had been
>>>> unconditionally doing i_version++ in a few cases anway so the
>>>> mount option was kind of silly.  This patch also removes the
>>>> update in mark_inode_dirty and makes all of the cases where we
>>>> update ctime also do inode_inc_version.  file_update_time takes
>>>> care of the write case and all the places where we update
>>>> iversion are protected by the i_mutex so there should be no
>>>> extra i_lock overhead in the normal non-exported fs case.
>>> 
>>> Ok did some basic benchmarking with dd, I ran
>>> 
>>> dd if=/dev/zero of=/mnt/btrfs-test/file bs=1 count=10485760
>>> dd if=/dev/zero of=/mnt/btrfs-test/file bs=1M count=1000
>>> dd if=/dev/zero of=/mnt/btrfs-test/file bs=1M count=5000
>>> 
>>> 3 times with the patch and without the patch.  With the worst case
>>> scenario there is about a 40% longer run time, going from on average
>>> 12 seconds to 17 seconds.  With the other two runs they are the same
>>> runtime with the 1 megabyte blocks.

Josef,
thanks for running these tests.  This confirms that the problem
which has existed in the past with ext[34]_mark_inode_dirty()
still exists today, and for btrfs as well.

>> do you mean that the "with the patch" is 40% slower then "without the patch" in the same "bs=1 count=10485760 test" ?
>> 
>> Then count me clueless. Do you understand this difference?
>> 
>> The way I read your patch the inode is copied and written to disk
>> exactly the same number of times, as before. Only that now
>> i_version is also updated together with ctime and/or mtime. What
>> is the fundamental difference then?
>> Is it just that i_version++ in-memory operation?
> 
> Yeah but for every write() call we have to do this in-memory operation (via file_update_time()), so in the worst case where you are doing 1
> byte writes where you would notice this sort of overhead you get a 40%
> overhead just from:
> 
> spin_lock(&inode->i_lock);
> inode->i_version++;
> spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock);
> 
> and then the subsequent mark_inode_dirty() call.

Right.  That this is so noticeable (40% wallclock slowdown for
filesystem IO) means that the CPU usage is higher with the
patch than without, likely MUCH more than the 40% shown by the
wallclock time.

> What is likely saving us here is that the 1 byte writes are happening
> fast enough that the normal ctime/mtime operations aren't triggering
> a mark_inode_dirty() since it appears to happen within the same time,
> but now that we're doing the i_version++ we are calling
> mark_inode_dirty() more than before.

Right, and hence my objection to the "basic" version of this patch
that just turns on i_version updating for everyone.

> I'd have to profile it to verify that's what is actually happening,
> but that means turning on ftrace and parsing a bunch of output and
> man that sounds like more time than I want to waste on this.  The
> question is do we care that the worst case is so awful since the
> worst case is likely to not show up often if at all?

Based on my experience, there are a LOT of badly written applications
in the world, and I don't think anyone would be happy with a 40%
slowdown, PLUS 100% CPU usage on the node while doing IO.  I would
guess that the number of systems running badly-written applications
far exceeds the number of systems that are doing NFS exporting, so
I don't think this is a good tradeoff.

> If we do then I guess the next step is to add a fs flag for i_version
> so that people who are going to be exporting file systems can get
> this without having to use a special option all the time.

It should be fairly straight forward to have a flag set in the ext4
superblock (s_state flag?) that indicates that the filesystem has
been exported via NFS.  There might be other optimizations that can
be done based on this (e.g. avoid some of the directory cookie
hijinx that are only needed if NFS has exported the filesystem and
needs to keep persistent cookies across reboots).

I think that the ext4_mark_inode_dirty() performance problem could
be at least partially fixed by deferring the copy of in-core inode
to on-disk inode to use a journal commit callback.  This is far
more work than just setting a flag in the superblock, but it has
the potential to _improve_ performance rather than make it worse.

Cheers, Andreas





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Josef Bacik - May 15, 2012, 8:05 p.m.
On Tue, May 15, 2012 at 01:55:33PM -0600, Andreas Dilger wrote:

<snip>

> > 
> > Yeah but for every write() call we have to do this in-memory operation (via file_update_time()), so in the worst case where you are doing 1
> > byte writes where you would notice this sort of overhead you get a 40%
> > overhead just from:
> > 
> > spin_lock(&inode->i_lock);
> > inode->i_version++;
> > spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock);
> > 
> > and then the subsequent mark_inode_dirty() call.
> 
> Right.  That this is so noticeable (40% wallclock slowdown for
> filesystem IO) means that the CPU usage is higher with the
> patch than without, likely MUCH more than the 40% shown by the
> wallclock time.
> 
> > What is likely saving us here is that the 1 byte writes are happening
> > fast enough that the normal ctime/mtime operations aren't triggering
> > a mark_inode_dirty() since it appears to happen within the same time,
> > but now that we're doing the i_version++ we are calling
> > mark_inode_dirty() more than before.
> 
> Right, and hence my objection to the "basic" version of this patch
> that just turns on i_version updating for everyone.
> 

Yeah agreed, I wasn't completely convinced this would happen until I ran the
tests, and usual I was wrong.

> > I'd have to profile it to verify that's what is actually happening,
> > but that means turning on ftrace and parsing a bunch of output and
> > man that sounds like more time than I want to waste on this.  The
> > question is do we care that the worst case is so awful since the
> > worst case is likely to not show up often if at all?
> 
> Based on my experience, there are a LOT of badly written applications
> in the world, and I don't think anyone would be happy with a 40%
> slowdown, PLUS 100% CPU usage on the node while doing IO.  I would
> guess that the number of systems running badly-written applications
> far exceeds the number of systems that are doing NFS exporting, so
> I don't think this is a good tradeoff.
> 
> > If we do then I guess the next step is to add a fs flag for i_version
> > so that people who are going to be exporting file systems can get
> > this without having to use a special option all the time.
> 
> It should be fairly straight forward to have a flag set in the ext4
> superblock (s_state flag?) that indicates that the filesystem has
> been exported via NFS.  There might be other optimizations that can
> be done based on this (e.g. avoid some of the directory cookie
> hijinx that are only needed if NFS has exported the filesystem and
> needs to keep persistent cookies across reboots).
> 
> I think that the ext4_mark_inode_dirty() performance problem could
> be at least partially fixed by deferring the copy of in-core inode
> to on-disk inode to use a journal commit callback.  This is far
> more work than just setting a flag in the superblock, but it has
> the potential to _improve_ performance rather than make it worse.
> 

Yeah Btrfs doesn't have this sort of problem since we delay inode updating sinc
it is so costly, we simply let it hang around in the in-core inode until we feel
like updating it at some point down the road.  I'll put together a feature flag
or something to make it be enabled for always if somebody turns it on.  Thanks,

Josef
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Boaz Harrosh - May 15, 2012, 8:24 p.m.
On 05/15/2012 09:29 PM, Josef Bacik wrote:

> On Tue, May 15, 2012 at 09:17:16PM +0300, Boaz Harrosh wrote:

<snip>

>>
>> do you mean that the "with the patch" is 40% slower then "without the patch"
>> 	in the same "bs=1 count=10485760 test" ?
>>
>> Then count me clueless. Do you understand this difference?
>>
>> The way I read your patch the inode is copied and written to disk exactly the
>> same number of times, as before. Only that now i_version is also updated
>> together with ctime and/or mtime. What is the fundamental difference then?
>> Is it just that i_version++ in-memory operation?
>>
> 
> Yeah but for every write() call we have to do this in-memory operation (via
> file_update_time()), so in the worst case where you are doing 1 byte writes
> where you would notice this sort of overhead you get a 40% overhead just from
> 
> spin_lock(&inode->i_lock);
> inode->i_version++;
> spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock);
> 


We should be optimizing this we can take the spin_lock once and change
the i_version and ctime/mtime at the same locking cycle.

> and then the subsequent mark_inode_dirty() call.  What is likely saving us here
> is that the 1 byte writes are happening fast enough that the normal ctime/mtime
> operations aren't triggering a mark_inode_dirty() since it appears to happen
> wihtin the same time, 


Ha, OK that Jiffy resolution of ctime. Hence the core problem BTW, changes come
in and we can't differentiate them.

So you are saying that there is somewhere in code that does
if (old_ctime != cur_ctime)
	mark_inode_dirty()

Isn't the mark_inode_dirty() called every-time regardless of the value set
at ctime ?

> but now that we're doing the i_version++ we are calling
> mark_inode_dirty() more than before.  


Can we fix that. Can we mark the inode dirty at Jiffy resolution?

In the case of a Server crash the nfs_changed attr is expected to reset
back to old value until such time that some client did a COMMIT. Up to
COMMIT it might happen that on disk version is older than runtime.

But the Jiffy resolution is a real bummer believe me.

> I'd have to profile it to verify that's
> what is actually happening, but that means turning on ftrace and parsing a bunch
> of output and man that sounds like more time than I want to waste on this.  The
> question is do we care that the worst case is so awful since the worst case is
> likely to not show up often if at all?  If we do then I guess the next step is
> to add a fs flag for i_version so that people who are going to be exporting file
> systems can get this without having to use a special option all the time.
> Thanks,
> 


Lets just think about it a bit, Can we make it that disk updates happen just
as often as today and no more. But in memory inquiry of i_version gives us
a much higher resolution.

What about that Al's proposal of incrementing only after an NFSD inquiry

> Josef 


Thanks for looking into this. We all hate this for a long time but never
took the time to fix it.

Boaz
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J. Bruce Fields - May 15, 2012, 9 p.m.
On Tue, May 15, 2012 at 04:05:34PM -0400, Josef Bacik wrote:
> On Tue, May 15, 2012 at 01:55:33PM -0600, Andreas Dilger wrote:
> > It should be fairly straight forward to have a flag set in the ext4
> > superblock (s_state flag?) that indicates that the filesystem has
> > been exported via NFS.  There might be other optimizations that can
> > be done based on this (e.g. avoid some of the directory cookie
> > hijinx that are only needed if NFS has exported the filesystem and
> > needs to keep persistent cookies across reboots).
> > 
> > I think that the ext4_mark_inode_dirty() performance problem could
> > be at least partially fixed by deferring the copy of in-core inode
> > to on-disk inode to use a journal commit callback.  This is far more
> > work than just setting a flag in the superblock, but it has the
> > potential to _improve_ performance rather than make it worse.

Could you give any more pointers for an ext4 ignoramus?  (Where *is* the
journal commit code that would need the callback?  And where is the copy
currently done?)

> Yeah Btrfs doesn't have this sort of problem since we delay inode
> updating sinc it is so costly, we simply let it hang around in the
> in-core inode until we feel like updating it at some point down the
> road.  I'll put together a feature flag or something to make it be
> enabled for always if somebody turns it on.

Thanks for looking at this.

A feature flag would be an improvement over a mount option.

If the flag makes a noticeable difference to performance, then it makes
me nervous toggling it automatically.  And what will we do if statx
starts returning i_version to userspace?

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Josef Bacik - May 15, 2012, 9:08 p.m.
On Tue, May 15, 2012 at 05:00:29PM -0400, J. Bruce Fields wrote:
> On Tue, May 15, 2012 at 04:05:34PM -0400, Josef Bacik wrote:
> > On Tue, May 15, 2012 at 01:55:33PM -0600, Andreas Dilger wrote:
> > > It should be fairly straight forward to have a flag set in the ext4
> > > superblock (s_state flag?) that indicates that the filesystem has
> > > been exported via NFS.  There might be other optimizations that can
> > > be done based on this (e.g. avoid some of the directory cookie
> > > hijinx that are only needed if NFS has exported the filesystem and
> > > needs to keep persistent cookies across reboots).
> > > 
> > > I think that the ext4_mark_inode_dirty() performance problem could
> > > be at least partially fixed by deferring the copy of in-core inode
> > > to on-disk inode to use a journal commit callback.  This is far more
> > > work than just setting a flag in the superblock, but it has the
> > > potential to _improve_ performance rather than make it worse.
> 
> Could you give any more pointers for an ext4 ignoramus?  (Where *is* the
> journal commit code that would need the callback?  And where is the copy
> currently done?)
> 

The copy is currently done in mark_inode_dirty(), I'm looking into what would
need to be done to get the inodes to update the on disk stuff on journal commit
only, but I worry that will make commits take way longer than normal and cause
other issues.

> > Yeah Btrfs doesn't have this sort of problem since we delay inode
> > updating sinc it is so costly, we simply let it hang around in the
> > in-core inode until we feel like updating it at some point down the
> > road.  I'll put together a feature flag or something to make it be
> > enabled for always if somebody turns it on.
> 
> Thanks for looking at this.
> 
> A feature flag would be an improvement over a mount option.
> 
> If the flag makes a noticeable difference to performance, then it makes
> me nervous toggling it automatically.  And what will we do if statx
> starts returning i_version to userspace?
> 

Well statx can return flags right?  I'm sure we could just have a flag that says
"hey iversion is completely useless."  Thanks,

Josef
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Andreas Dilger - May 15, 2012, 10:19 p.m.
On 2012-05-15, at 3:00 PM, J. Bruce Fields wrote:
> On Tue, May 15, 2012 at 04:05:34PM -0400, Josef Bacik wrote:
>> On Tue, May 15, 2012 at 01:55:33PM -0600, Andreas Dilger wrote:
>>> It should be fairly straight forward to have a flag set in the ext4
>>> superblock (s_state flag?) that indicates that the filesystem has
>>> been exported via NFS.  There might be other optimizations that can
>>> be done based on this (e.g. avoid some of the directory cookie
>>> hijinx that are only needed if NFS has exported the filesystem and
>>> needs to keep persistent cookies across reboots).
>>> 
>>> I think that the ext4_mark_inode_dirty() performance problem could
>>> be at least partially fixed by deferring the copy of in-core inode
>>> to on-disk inode to use a journal commit callback.  This is far more
>>> work than just setting a flag in the superblock, but it has the
>>> potential to _improve_ performance rather than make it worse.
> 
> Could you give any more pointers for an ext4 ignoramus?  (Where *is* the
> journal commit code that would need the callback?  And where is the copy
> currently done?)

The ext4_mark_inode_dirty() starts a transaction handle, and calls
ext4_mark_iloc_dirty->ext4_do_update_inode() to do the copying and
dirtying of the block.

The JBD2 commit callback was added for OCFS2 to do the checksums of
the blocks only once, instead of for each modification.  IIRC, this
is done by a callback on struct journal_head (one per buffer_head),
but I haven't looked into all of the details.

>> Yeah Btrfs doesn't have this sort of problem since we delay inode
>> updating sinc it is so costly, we simply let it hang around in the
>> in-core inode until we feel like updating it at some point down the
>> road.  I'll put together a feature flag or something to make it be
>> enabled for always if somebody turns it on.
> 
> Thanks for looking at this.
> 
> A feature flag would be an improvement over a mount option.
> 
> If the flag makes a noticeable difference to performance, then it makes
> me nervous toggling it automatically.  And what will we do if statx
> starts returning i_version to userspace?

As mentioned in another post, all statxat() fields are optional.

Cheers, Andreas





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Theodore Ts'o - May 16, 2012, 1:36 a.m.
On Tue, May 15, 2012 at 01:53:08PM -0400, Josef Bacik wrote:
> 
> Ok did some basic benchmarking with dd, I ran
> 
> dd if=/dev/zero of=/mnt/btrfs-test/file bs=1 count=10485760
> dd if=/dev/zero of=/mnt/btrfs-test/file bs=1M count=1000
> dd if=/dev/zero of=/mnt/btrfs-test/file bs=1M count=5000
> 
> 3 times with the patch and without the patch.  With the worst case
> scenario there is about a 40% longer run time, going from on average
> 12 seconds to 17 seconds.  With the other two runs they are the same
> runtime with the 1 megabyte blocks.  So the question is, do we care
> about this worst case since any sane application developer isn't
> going to do writes that small?  

Even if there's no runtime change, it's also useful to measure the CPU
utilization.  If there's an increase in CPU utilization, then it can
show up in workloads and benchmarks which are sensitive to CPU
utilization as well as disk utilization, e.g., TPC-C/H.

But since it takes so long for performance teams to notice, they tend
to get very cranky when they observe regressions.  So for changes like
this it's really important to measure any changes in CPU utilization,
especially on larger on SMP systems when there multiple processes
writing to the same file at high rates --- you know, like what an
Enterprise database might do to a table space file.  :-)

    		   	   		     	   - Ted
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Patch

diff --git a/fs/ext4/acl.c b/fs/ext4/acl.c
index a5c29bb..c445d3a 100644
--- a/fs/ext4/acl.c
+++ b/fs/ext4/acl.c
@@ -202,7 +202,7 @@  ext4_set_acl(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, int type,
 			if (error < 0)
 				return error;
 			else {
-				inode->i_ctime = ext4_current_time(inode);
+				ext4_inode_update_time(inode, CTIME);
 				ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode);
 				if (error == 0)
 					acl = NULL;
diff --git a/fs/ext4/ext4.h b/fs/ext4/ext4.h
index 513004f..9ff4bdb 100644
--- a/fs/ext4/ext4.h
+++ b/fs/ext4/ext4.h
@@ -1276,6 +1276,22 @@  static inline struct timespec ext4_current_time(struct inode *inode)
 		current_fs_time(inode->i_sb) : CURRENT_TIME_SEC;
 }
 
+enum time_update {
+	MTIME = 1,
+	CTIME = 2,
+};
+
+static inline void ext4_inode_update_time(struct inode *inode, int flags)
+{
+	inode_inc_iversion(inode);
+
+	if (flags & MTIME)
+		inode->i_mtime = ext4_current_time(inode);
+	if (flags & CTIME)
+		inode->i_ctime = ext4_current_time(inode);
+}
+
+
 static inline int ext4_valid_inum(struct super_block *sb, unsigned long ino)
 {
 	return ino == EXT4_ROOT_INO ||
diff --git a/fs/ext4/extents.c b/fs/ext4/extents.c
index 74f23c2..5c2b4cf 100644
--- a/fs/ext4/extents.c
+++ b/fs/ext4/extents.c
@@ -4249,7 +4249,7 @@  out_stop:
 	if (inode->i_nlink)
 		ext4_orphan_del(handle, inode);
 
-	inode->i_mtime = inode->i_ctime = ext4_current_time(inode);
+	ext4_inode_update_time(inode, CTIME | MTIME);
 	ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode);
 	ext4_journal_stop(handle);
 }
@@ -4257,13 +4257,8 @@  out_stop:
 static void ext4_falloc_update_inode(struct inode *inode,
 				int mode, loff_t new_size, int update_ctime)
 {
-	struct timespec now;
-
-	if (update_ctime) {
-		now = current_fs_time(inode->i_sb);
-		if (!timespec_equal(&inode->i_ctime, &now))
-			inode->i_ctime = now;
-	}
+	if (update_ctime)
+		ext4_inode_update_time(inode, CTIME);
 	/*
 	 * Update only when preallocation was requested beyond
 	 * the file size.
@@ -4905,7 +4900,7 @@  int ext4_ext_punch_hole(struct file *file, loff_t offset, loff_t length)
 
 out:
 	ext4_orphan_del(handle, inode);
-	inode->i_mtime = inode->i_ctime = ext4_current_time(inode);
+	ext4_inode_update_time(inode, CTIME | MTIME);
 	ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode);
 	ext4_journal_stop(handle);
 	return err;
diff --git a/fs/ext4/indirect.c b/fs/ext4/indirect.c
index 830e1b2..a63a4ad 100644
--- a/fs/ext4/indirect.c
+++ b/fs/ext4/indirect.c
@@ -1476,7 +1476,7 @@  do_indirects:
 
 out_unlock:
 	up_write(&ei->i_data_sem);
-	inode->i_mtime = inode->i_ctime = ext4_current_time(inode);
+	ext4_inode_update_time(inode, CTIME | MTIME);
 	ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode);
 
 	/*
diff --git a/fs/ext4/inode.c b/fs/ext4/inode.c
index feaa82f..d11b4e5 100644
--- a/fs/ext4/inode.c
+++ b/fs/ext4/inode.c
@@ -4314,9 +4314,6 @@  int ext4_mark_iloc_dirty(handle_t *handle,
 {
 	int err = 0;
 
-	if (test_opt(inode->i_sb, I_VERSION))
-		inode_inc_iversion(inode);
-
 	/* the do_update_inode consumes one bh->b_count */
 	get_bh(iloc->bh);
 
diff --git a/fs/ext4/ioctl.c b/fs/ext4/ioctl.c
index 6eee255..a162faf 100644
--- a/fs/ext4/ioctl.c
+++ b/fs/ext4/ioctl.c
@@ -120,7 +120,7 @@  long ext4_ioctl(struct file *filp, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
 		ei->i_flags = flags;
 
 		ext4_set_inode_flags(inode);
-		inode->i_ctime = ext4_current_time(inode);
+		ext4_inode_update_time(inode, CTIME);
 
 		err = ext4_mark_iloc_dirty(handle, inode, &iloc);
 flags_err:
@@ -168,7 +168,7 @@  flags_out:
 		}
 		err = ext4_reserve_inode_write(handle, inode, &iloc);
 		if (err == 0) {
-			inode->i_ctime = ext4_current_time(inode);
+			ext4_inode_update_time(inode, CTIME);
 			inode->i_generation = generation;
 			err = ext4_mark_iloc_dirty(handle, inode, &iloc);
 		}
diff --git a/fs/ext4/namei.c b/fs/ext4/namei.c
index 2043f48..c8417e6 100644
--- a/fs/ext4/namei.c
+++ b/fs/ext4/namei.c
@@ -1316,9 +1316,8 @@  static int add_dirent_to_buf(handle_t *handle, struct dentry *dentry,
 	 * happen is that the times are slightly out of date
 	 * and/or different from the directory change time.
 	 */
-	dir->i_mtime = dir->i_ctime = ext4_current_time(dir);
+	ext4_inode_update_time(dir, CTIME | MTIME);
 	ext4_update_dx_flag(dir);
-	dir->i_version++;
 	ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, dir);
 	BUFFER_TRACE(bh, "call ext4_handle_dirty_metadata");
 	err = ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, dir, bh);
@@ -1668,7 +1667,6 @@  static int ext4_delete_entry(handle_t *handle,
 					blocksize);
 			else
 				de->inode = 0;
-			dir->i_version++;
 			BUFFER_TRACE(bh, "call ext4_handle_dirty_metadata");
 			err = ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, dir, bh);
 			if (unlikely(err)) {
@@ -2158,14 +2156,14 @@  static int ext4_rmdir(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry)
 		ext4_warning(inode->i_sb,
 			     "empty directory has too many links (%d)",
 			     inode->i_nlink);
-	inode->i_version++;
 	clear_nlink(inode);
 	/* There's no need to set i_disksize: the fact that i_nlink is
 	 * zero will ensure that the right thing happens during any
 	 * recovery. */
 	inode->i_size = 0;
 	ext4_orphan_add(handle, inode);
-	inode->i_ctime = dir->i_ctime = dir->i_mtime = ext4_current_time(inode);
+	ext4_inode_update_time(inode, CTIME);
+	ext4_inode_update_time(dir, CTIME | MTIME);
 	ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode);
 	ext4_dec_count(handle, dir);
 	ext4_update_dx_flag(dir);
@@ -2218,13 +2216,13 @@  static int ext4_unlink(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry)
 	retval = ext4_delete_entry(handle, dir, de, bh);
 	if (retval)
 		goto end_unlink;
-	dir->i_ctime = dir->i_mtime = ext4_current_time(dir);
+	ext4_inode_update_time(dir, MTIME | CTIME);
 	ext4_update_dx_flag(dir);
 	ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, dir);
 	drop_nlink(inode);
 	if (!inode->i_nlink)
 		ext4_orphan_add(handle, inode);
-	inode->i_ctime = ext4_current_time(inode);
+	ext4_inode_update_time(inode, CTIME);
 	ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode);
 	retval = 0;
 
@@ -2363,7 +2361,7 @@  retry:
 	if (IS_DIRSYNC(dir))
 		ext4_handle_sync(handle);
 
-	inode->i_ctime = ext4_current_time(inode);
+	ext4_inode_update_time(inode, CTIME);
 	ext4_inc_count(handle, inode);
 	ihold(inode);
 
@@ -2470,9 +2468,7 @@  static int ext4_rename(struct inode *old_dir, struct dentry *old_dentry,
 		if (EXT4_HAS_INCOMPAT_FEATURE(new_dir->i_sb,
 					      EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FILETYPE))
 			new_de->file_type = old_de->file_type;
-		new_dir->i_version++;
-		new_dir->i_ctime = new_dir->i_mtime =
-					ext4_current_time(new_dir);
+		ext4_inode_update_time(new_dir, CTIME | MTIME);
 		ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, new_dir);
 		BUFFER_TRACE(new_bh, "call ext4_handle_dirty_metadata");
 		retval = ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, new_dir, new_bh);
@@ -2488,7 +2484,7 @@  static int ext4_rename(struct inode *old_dir, struct dentry *old_dentry,
 	 * Like most other Unix systems, set the ctime for inodes on a
 	 * rename.
 	 */
-	old_inode->i_ctime = ext4_current_time(old_inode);
+	ext4_inode_update_time(old_inode, CTIME);
 	ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, old_inode);
 
 	/*
@@ -2521,9 +2517,9 @@  static int ext4_rename(struct inode *old_dir, struct dentry *old_dentry,
 
 	if (new_inode) {
 		ext4_dec_count(handle, new_inode);
-		new_inode->i_ctime = ext4_current_time(new_inode);
+		ext4_inode_update_time(new_inode, CTIME);
 	}
-	old_dir->i_ctime = old_dir->i_mtime = ext4_current_time(old_dir);
+	ext4_inode_update_time(old_dir, CTIME | MTIME);
 	ext4_update_dx_flag(old_dir);
 	if (dir_bh) {
 		PARENT_INO(dir_bh->b_data, new_dir->i_sb->s_blocksize) =
diff --git a/fs/ext4/super.c b/fs/ext4/super.c
index 502c61f..98d6863 100644
--- a/fs/ext4/super.c
+++ b/fs/ext4/super.c
@@ -1813,8 +1813,7 @@  set_qf_format:
 				 "Ignoring deprecated bh option");
 			break;
 		case Opt_i_version:
-			set_opt(sb, I_VERSION);
-			sb->s_flags |= MS_I_VERSION;
+			/* On by default now */
 			break;
 		case Opt_nodelalloc:
 			clear_opt(sb, DELALLOC);
@@ -3132,6 +3131,7 @@  static int ext4_fill_super(struct super_block *sb, void *data, int silent)
 		goto out_free_orig;
 	}
 	sb->s_fs_info = sbi;
+	sb->s_flags |= MS_I_VERSION;
 	sbi->s_mount_opt = 0;
 	sbi->s_resuid = EXT4_DEF_RESUID;
 	sbi->s_resgid = EXT4_DEF_RESGID;
@@ -4831,7 +4831,7 @@  static int ext4_quota_off(struct super_block *sb, int type)
 	handle = ext4_journal_start(inode, 1);
 	if (IS_ERR(handle))
 		goto out;
-	inode->i_mtime = inode->i_ctime = CURRENT_TIME;
+	ext4_inode_update_time(inode, CTIME | MTIME);
 	ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode);
 	ext4_journal_stop(handle);
 
diff --git a/fs/ext4/xattr.c b/fs/ext4/xattr.c
index 93a00d8..e8bcc6f 100644
--- a/fs/ext4/xattr.c
+++ b/fs/ext4/xattr.c
@@ -1048,7 +1048,7 @@  ext4_xattr_set_handle(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, int name_index,
 	}
 	if (!error) {
 		ext4_xattr_update_super_block(handle, inode->i_sb);
-		inode->i_ctime = ext4_current_time(inode);
+		ext4_inode_update_time(inode, CTIME);
 		if (!value)
 			ext4_clear_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_NO_EXPAND);
 		error = ext4_mark_iloc_dirty(handle, inode, &is.iloc);