Patchwork [v7,1/5] i.MX: UART support

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Submitter Peter Chubb
Date May 1, 2012, 1:33 a.m.
Message ID <20120501014338.688249957@nicta.com.au>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/156013/
State New
Headers show

Comments

Peter Chubb - May 1, 2012, 1:33 a.m.
Implement the Freescale i.MX UART.  This uart is used in a variety of
SoCs, including some by Motorola, as well as in the Freescale i.MX
series.

This patch gives only a `bare-bones' implementation, enough to run Linux 
or OKL4, but that's about it.


Signed-off-by: Philip O'Sullivan <philipo@ok-labs.com>
Signed-off-by: Peter Chubb <peter.chubb@nicta.com.au>
Reviewed-by: Peter Maydell <peter.maydell@linaro.org>
---
 Makefile.target |    1 
 hw/imx.h        |   16 +
 hw/imx_serial.c |  467 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 3 files changed, 484 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 hw/imx_serial.c

Patch

Index: qemu-working/hw/imx_serial.c
===================================================================
--- /dev/null
+++ qemu-working/hw/imx_serial.c
@@ -0,0 +1,467 @@ 
+/*
+ * IMX31 UARTS
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 2008 OKL
+ * Originally Written by Hans Jiang
+ * Copyright (c) 2011 NICTA Pty Ltd.
+ *
+ * This work is licensed under the terms of the GNU GPL, version 2 or later.
+ * See the COPYING file in the top-level directory.
+ *
+ * This is a `bare-bones' implementation of the IMX series serial ports.
+ * TODO:
+ *  -- implement FIFOs.  The real hardware has 32 word transmit
+ *                       and receive FIFOs; we currently use a 1-char buffer
+ *  -- implement DMA
+ *  -- implement BAUD-rate and modem lines, for when the backend
+ *     is a real serial device.
+ */
+
+#include "hw.h"
+#include "sysbus.h"
+#include "sysemu.h"
+#include "qemu-char.h"
+#include "imx.h"
+
+//#define DEBUG_SERIAL 1
+#ifdef DEBUG_SERIAL
+#define DPRINTF(fmt, args...) \
+do { printf("imx_serial: " fmt , ##args); } while (0)
+#else
+#define DPRINTF(fmt, args...) do {} while (0)
+#endif
+
+/*
+ * Define to 1 for messages about attempts to
+ * access unimplemented registers or similar.
+ */
+//#define DEBUG_IMPLEMENTATION 1
+#ifdef DEBUG_IMPLEMENTATION
+#  define IPRINTF(fmt, args...) \
+    do  { fprintf(stderr, "imx_serial: " fmt, ##args); } while (0)
+#else
+#  define IPRINTF(fmt, args...) do {} while (0)
+#endif
+
+typedef struct {
+    SysBusDevice busdev;
+    MemoryRegion iomem;
+    int32_t readbuff;
+
+    uint32_t usr1;
+    uint32_t usr2;
+    uint32_t ucr1;
+    uint32_t ucr2;
+    uint32_t uts1;
+
+    /*
+     * The registers below are implemented just so that the
+     * guest OS sees what it has written
+     */
+    uint32_t onems;
+    uint32_t ufcr;
+    uint32_t ubmr;
+    uint32_t ubrc;
+    uint32_t ucr3;
+
+    qemu_irq irq;
+    CharDriverState *chr;
+} IMXSerialState;
+
+static const VMStateDescription vmstate_imx_serial = {
+    .name = "imx-serial",
+    .version_id = 1,
+    .minimum_version_id = 1,
+    .minimum_version_id_old = 1,
+    .fields = (VMStateField[]) {
+        VMSTATE_INT32(readbuff, IMXSerialState),
+        VMSTATE_UINT32(usr1, IMXSerialState),
+        VMSTATE_UINT32(usr2, IMXSerialState),
+        VMSTATE_UINT32(ucr1, IMXSerialState),
+        VMSTATE_UINT32(uts1, IMXSerialState),
+        VMSTATE_UINT32(onems, IMXSerialState),
+        VMSTATE_UINT32(ufcr, IMXSerialState),
+        VMSTATE_UINT32(ubmr, IMXSerialState),
+        VMSTATE_UINT32(ubrc, IMXSerialState),
+        VMSTATE_UINT32(ucr3, IMXSerialState),
+        VMSTATE_END_OF_LIST()
+    },
+};
+
+
+#define URXD_CHARRDY    (1<<15)   /* character read is valid */
+#define URXD_ERR        (1<<14)   /* Character has error */
+#define URXD_BRK        (1<<11)   /* Break received */
+
+#define USR1_PARTYER    (1<<15)   /* Parity Error */
+#define USR1_RTSS       (1<<14)   /* RTS pin status */
+#define USR1_TRDY       (1<<13)   /* Tx ready */
+#define USR1_RTSD       (1<<12)   /* RTS delta: pin changed state */
+#define USR1_ESCF       (1<<11)   /* Escape sequence interrupt */
+#define USR1_FRAMERR    (1<<10)   /* Framing error  */
+#define USR1_RRDY       (1<<9)    /* receiver ready */
+#define USR1_AGTIM      (1<<8)    /* Aging timer interrupt */
+#define USR1_DTRD       (1<<7)    /* DTR changed */
+#define USR1_RXDS       (1<<6)    /* Receiver is idle */
+#define USR1_AIRINT     (1<<5)    /* Aysnch IR interrupt */
+#define USR1_AWAKE      (1<<4)    /* Falling edge detected on RXd pin */
+
+#define USR2_ADET       (1<<15)   /* Autobaud complete */
+#define USR2_TXFE       (1<<14)   /* Transmit FIFO empty */
+#define USR2_DTRF       (1<<13)   /* DTR/DSR transition */
+#define USR2_IDLE       (1<<12)   /* UART has been idle for too long */
+#define USR2_ACST       (1<<11)   /* Autobaud counter stopped */
+#define USR2_RIDELT     (1<<10)   /* Ring Indicator delta */
+#define USR2_RIIN       (1<<9)    /* Ring Indicator Input */
+#define USR2_IRINT      (1<<8)    /* Serial Infrared Interrupt */
+#define USR2_WAKE       (1<<7)    /* Start bit detected */
+#define USR2_DCDDELT    (1<<6)    /* Data Carrier Detect delta */
+#define USR2_DCDIN      (1<<5)    /* Data Carrier Detect Input */
+#define USR2_RTSF       (1<<4)    /* RTS transition */
+#define USR2_TXDC       (1<<3)    /* Transmission complete */
+#define USR2_BRCD       (1<<2)    /* Break condition detected */
+#define USR2_ORE        (1<<1)    /* Overrun error */
+#define USR2_RDR        (1<<0)    /* Receive data ready */
+
+#define UCR1_TRDYEN     (1<<13)   /* Tx Ready Interrupt Enable */
+#define UCR1_RRDYEN     (1<<9)    /* Rx Ready Interrupt Enable */
+#define UCR1_TXMPTYEN   (1<<6)    /* Tx Empty Interrupt Enable */
+#define UCR1_UARTEN     (1<<0)    /* UART Enable */
+
+#define UCR2_TXEN       (1<<2)    /* Transmitter enable */
+#define UCR2_RXEN       (1<<1)    /* Receiver enable */
+#define UCR2_SRST       (1<<0)    /* Reset complete */
+
+#define UTS1_TXEMPTY    (1<<6)
+#define UTS1_RXEMPTY    (1<<5)
+#define UTS1_TXFULL     (1<<4)
+#define UTS1_RXFULL     (1<<3)
+
+static void imx_update(IMXSerialState *s)
+{
+    uint32_t flags;
+
+    flags = (s->usr1 & s->ucr1) & (USR1_TRDY|USR1_RRDY);
+    if (!(s->ucr1 & UCR1_TXMPTYEN)) {
+        flags &= ~USR1_TRDY;
+    }
+
+    qemu_set_irq(s->irq, !!flags);
+}
+
+static void imx_serial_reset(IMXSerialState *s)
+{
+
+    s->usr1 = USR1_TRDY | USR1_RXDS;
+    /*
+     * Fake attachment of a terminal: assert RTS.
+     */
+    s->usr1 |= USR1_RTSS;
+    s->usr2 = USR2_TXFE | USR2_TXDC | USR2_DCDIN;
+    s->uts1 = UTS1_RXEMPTY | UTS1_TXEMPTY;
+    s->ucr1 = 0;
+    s->ucr2 = UCR2_SRST;
+    s->ucr3 = 0x700;
+    s->ubmr = 0;
+    s->ubrc = 4;
+    s->readbuff = URXD_ERR;
+}
+
+static void imx_serial_reset_at_boot(DeviceState *dev)
+{
+    IMXSerialState *s = container_of(dev, IMXSerialState, busdev.qdev);
+
+    imx_serial_reset(s);
+
+    /*
+     * enable the uart on boot, so messages from the linux decompresser
+     * are visible.  On real hardware this is done by the boot rom
+     * before anything else is loaded.
+     */
+    s->ucr1 = UCR1_UARTEN;
+    s->ucr2 = UCR2_TXEN;
+
+}
+
+static uint64_t imx_serial_read(void *opaque, target_phys_addr_t offset,
+                                unsigned size)
+{
+    IMXSerialState *s = (IMXSerialState *)opaque;
+    uint32_t c;
+
+    DPRINTF("read(offset=%x)\n", offset >> 2);
+    switch (offset >> 2) {
+    case 0x0: /* URXD */
+        c = s->readbuff;
+        if (!(s->uts1 & UTS1_RXEMPTY)) {
+            /* Character is valid */
+            c |= URXD_CHARRDY;
+            s->usr1 &= ~USR1_RRDY;
+            s->usr2 &= ~USR2_RDR;
+            s->uts1 |= UTS1_RXEMPTY;
+            imx_update(s);
+            qemu_chr_accept_input(s->chr);
+        }
+        return c;
+
+    case 0x20: /* UCR1 */
+        return s->ucr1;
+
+    case 0x21: /* UCR2 */
+        return s->ucr2;
+
+    case 0x25: /* USR1 */
+        return s->usr1;
+
+    case 0x26: /* USR2 */
+        return s->usr2;
+
+    case 0x2A: /* BRM Modulator */
+        return s->ubmr;
+
+    case 0x2B: /* Baud Rate Count */
+        return s->ubrc;
+
+    case 0x2d: /* Test register */
+        return s->uts1;
+
+    case 0x24: /* UFCR */
+        return s->ufcr;
+
+    case 0x2c:
+        return s->onems;
+
+    case 0x22: /* UCR3 */
+        return s->ucr3;
+
+    case 0x23: /* UCR4 */
+    case 0x29: /* BRM Incremental */
+        return 0x0; /* TODO */
+
+    default:
+        IPRINTF("imx_serial_read: bad offset: 0x%x\n", (int)offset);
+        return 0;
+    }
+}
+
+static void imx_serial_write(void *opaque, target_phys_addr_t offset,
+                      uint64_t value, unsigned size)
+{
+    IMXSerialState *s = (IMXSerialState *)opaque;
+    unsigned char ch;
+
+    DPRINTF("write(offset=%x, value = %x) to %s\n",
+            offset >> 2,
+            (unsigned int)value, s->chr ? s->chr->label : "NODEV");
+
+    switch (offset >> 2) {
+    case 0x10: /* UTXD */
+        ch = value;
+        if (s->ucr2 & UCR2_TXEN) {
+            if (s->chr) {
+                qemu_chr_fe_write(s->chr, &ch, 1);
+            }
+            s->usr1 &= ~USR1_TRDY;
+            imx_update(s);
+            s->usr1 |= USR1_TRDY;
+            imx_update(s);
+        }
+        break;
+
+    case 0x20: /* UCR1 */
+        s->ucr1 = value & 0xffff;
+        DPRINTF("write(ucr1=%x)\n", (unsigned int)value);
+        imx_update(s);
+        break;
+
+    case 0x21: /* UCR2 */
+        /*
+         * Only a few bits in control register 2 are implemented as yet.
+         * If it's intended to use a real serial device as a back-end, this
+         * register will have to be implemented more fully.
+         */
+        if (!(value & UCR2_SRST)) {
+            imx_serial_reset(s);
+            imx_update(s);
+            value |= UCR2_SRST;
+        }
+        if (value & UCR2_RXEN) {
+            if (!(s->ucr2 & UCR2_RXEN)) {
+                qemu_chr_accept_input(s->chr);
+            }
+        }
+        s->ucr2 = value & 0xffff;
+        break;
+
+    case 0x25: /* USR1 */
+        value &= USR1_AWAKE | USR1_AIRINT | USR1_DTRD | USR1_AGTIM |
+            USR1_FRAMERR | USR1_ESCF | USR1_RTSD | USR1_PARTYER;
+        s->usr1 &= ~value;
+        break;
+
+    case 0x26: /* USR2 */
+       /*
+        * Writing 1 to some bits clears them; all other
+        * values are ignored
+        */
+        value &= USR2_ADET | USR2_DTRF | USR2_IDLE | USR2_ACST |
+            USR2_RIDELT | USR2_IRINT | USR2_WAKE |
+            USR2_DCDDELT | USR2_RTSF | USR2_BRCD | USR2_ORE;
+        s->usr2 &= ~value;
+        break;
+
+        /*
+         * Linux expects to see what it writes to these registers
+         * We don't currently alter the baud rate
+         */
+    case 0x29: /* UBIR */
+        s->ubrc = value & 0xffff;
+        break;
+
+    case 0x2a: /* UBMR */
+        s->ubmr = value & 0xffff;
+        break;
+
+    case 0x2c: /* One ms reg */
+        s->onems = value & 0xffff;
+        break;
+
+    case 0x24: /* FIFO control register */
+        s->ufcr = value & 0xffff;
+        break;
+
+    case 0x22: /* UCR3 */
+        s->ucr3 = value & 0xffff;
+        break;
+
+    case 0x2d: /* UTS1 */
+    case 0x23: /* UCR4 */
+        IPRINTF("Unimplemented Register %x written to\n", offset >> 2);
+        /* TODO */
+        break;
+
+    default:
+        IPRINTF("imx_serial_write: Bad offset 0x%x\n", (int)offset);
+    }
+}
+
+static int imx_can_receive(void *opaque)
+{
+    IMXSerialState *s = (IMXSerialState *)opaque;
+    return !(s->usr1 & USR1_RRDY);
+}
+
+static void imx_put_data(void *opaque, uint32_t value)
+{
+    IMXSerialState *s = (IMXSerialState *)opaque;
+    DPRINTF("received char\n");
+    s->usr1 |= USR1_RRDY;
+    s->usr2 |= USR2_RDR;
+    s->uts1 &= ~UTS1_RXEMPTY;
+    s->readbuff = value;
+    imx_update(s);
+}
+
+static void imx_receive(void *opaque, const uint8_t *buf, int size)
+{
+    imx_put_data(opaque, *buf);
+}
+
+static void imx_event(void *opaque, int event)
+{
+    if (event == CHR_EVENT_BREAK) {
+        imx_put_data(opaque, URXD_BRK);
+    }
+}
+
+
+static const struct MemoryRegionOps imx_serial_ops = {
+    .read = imx_serial_read,
+    .write = imx_serial_write,
+    .endianness = DEVICE_NATIVE_ENDIAN,
+};
+
+static int imx_serial_init(SysBusDevice *dev)
+{
+    IMXSerialState *s = FROM_SYSBUS(IMXSerialState, dev);
+
+
+    memory_region_init_io(&s->iomem, &imx_serial_ops, s, "imx-serial", 0x1000);
+    sysbus_init_mmio(dev, &s->iomem);
+    sysbus_init_irq(dev, &s->irq);
+
+    if (s->chr) {
+        qemu_chr_add_handlers(s->chr, imx_can_receive, imx_receive,
+                              imx_event, s);
+    } else {
+        DPRINTF("No char dev for uart at 0x%lx\n",
+                (unsigned long)s->iomem.ram_addr);
+    }
+
+    return 0;
+}
+
+void imx_serial_create(int uart, const target_phys_addr_t addr, qemu_irq irq)
+{
+    DeviceState *dev;
+    SysBusDevice *bus;
+    CharDriverState *chr;
+    const char chr_name[] = "serial";
+    char label[ARRAY_SIZE(chr_name) + 1];
+
+    dev = qdev_create(NULL, "imx-serial");
+
+    if (uart >= MAX_SERIAL_PORTS) {
+        hw_error("Cannot assign uart %d: QEMU supports only %d ports\n",
+                 uart, MAX_SERIAL_PORTS);
+    }
+    chr = serial_hds[uart];
+    if (!chr) {
+        snprintf(label, ARRAY_SIZE(label), "%s%d", chr_name, uart);
+        chr = qemu_chr_new(label, "null", NULL);
+        if (!(chr)) {
+            hw_error("Can't assign serial port to imx-uart%d.\n", uart);
+        }
+    }
+
+    qdev_prop_set_chr(dev, "chardev", chr);
+    bus = sysbus_from_qdev(dev);
+    qdev_init_nofail(dev);
+    if (addr != (target_phys_addr_t)-1) {
+        sysbus_mmio_map(bus, 0, addr);
+    }
+    sysbus_connect_irq(bus, 0, irq);
+
+}
+
+
+static Property imx32_serial_properties[] = {
+    DEFINE_PROP_CHR("chardev", IMXSerialState, chr),
+    DEFINE_PROP_END_OF_LIST(),
+};
+
+static void imx_serial_class_init(ObjectClass *klass, void *data)
+{
+    DeviceClass *dc = DEVICE_CLASS(klass);
+    SysBusDeviceClass *k = SYS_BUS_DEVICE_CLASS(klass);
+
+    k->init = imx_serial_init;
+    dc->vmsd = &vmstate_imx_serial;
+    dc->reset = imx_serial_reset_at_boot;
+    dc->desc = "i.MX series UART";
+    dc->props = imx32_serial_properties;
+}
+
+static TypeInfo imx_serial_info = {
+    .name = "imx-serial",
+    .parent = TYPE_SYS_BUS_DEVICE,
+    .instance_size = sizeof(IMXSerialState),
+    .class_init = imx_serial_class_init,
+};
+
+static void imx_serial_register_types(void)
+{
+    type_register_static(&imx_serial_info);
+}
+
+type_init(imx_serial_register_types)
Index: qemu-working/Makefile.target
===================================================================
--- qemu-working.orig/Makefile.target
+++ qemu-working/Makefile.target
@@ -402,6 +402,7 @@  obj-arm-y += vexpress.o
 obj-arm-y += strongarm.o
 obj-arm-y += collie.o
 obj-arm-y += pl041.o lm4549.o
+obj-arm-y += imx_serial.o
 obj-arm-$(CONFIG_FDT) += device_tree.o
 
 obj-sh4-y = shix.o r2d.o sh7750.o sh7750_regnames.o tc58128.o
Index: qemu-working/hw/imx.h
===================================================================
--- /dev/null
+++ qemu-working/hw/imx.h
@@ -0,0 +1,16 @@ 
+/*
+ * i.MX31 emulation
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2012 Peter Chubb
+ * NICTA
+ *
+ * This code is released under the GPL, version 2.0 or later
+ * See the file `../COPYING' for details.
+ */
+
+#ifndef IMX_H
+#define IMX_H
+
+void imx_serial_create(int uart, const target_phys_addr_t addr, qemu_irq irq);
+
+#endif /* IMX_H */