Patchwork [v2,1/3] coroutine: adding sigaltstack method (.c source)

login
register
mail settings
Submitter Alex Barcelo
Date Feb. 28, 2012, 11:25 a.m.
Message ID <1330428351-6605-2-git-send-email-abarcelo@ac.upc.edu>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/143416/
State New
Headers show

Comments

Alex Barcelo - Feb. 28, 2012, 11:25 a.m.
This file is based in both coroutine-ucontext.c and
pth_mctx.c (from the GNU Portable Threads library).

The mechanism used to change stacks is the sigaltstack
function (variant 2 of the pth library).

v2: Some corrections. Moving global variables into
thread storage (CoroutineThreadState).

Signed-off-by: Alex Barcelo <abarcelo@ac.upc.edu>
---
 coroutine-sigaltstack.c |  334 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 1 files changed, 334 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 coroutine-sigaltstack.c

Patch

diff --git a/coroutine-sigaltstack.c b/coroutine-sigaltstack.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..7ff2d33
--- /dev/null
+++ b/coroutine-sigaltstack.c
@@ -0,0 +1,334 @@ 
+/*
+ * sigaltstack coroutine initialization code
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2006  Anthony Liguori <anthony@codemonkey.ws>
+ * Copyright (C) 2011  Kevin Wolf <kwolf@redhat.com>
+ * Copyright (C) 2012  Alex Barcelo <abarcelo@ac.upc.edu>
+** This file is partly based on pth_mctx.c, from the GNU Portable Threads
+**  Copyright (c) 1999-2006 Ralf S. Engelschall <rse@engelschall.com>
+ *
+ * This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
+ * License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
+ * version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
+ * Lesser General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
+ * License along with this library; if not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+ */
+
+/* XXX Is there a nicer way to disable glibc's stack check for longjmp? */
+#ifdef _FORTIFY_SOURCE
+#undef _FORTIFY_SOURCE
+#endif
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <setjmp.h>
+#include <stdint.h>
+#include <pthread.h>
+#include <signal.h>
+#include "qemu-common.h"
+#include "qemu-coroutine-int.h"
+
+enum {
+    /* Maximum free pool size prevents holding too many freed coroutines */
+    POOL_MAX_SIZE = 64,
+};
+
+/** Free list to speed up creation */
+static QSLIST_HEAD(, Coroutine) pool = QSLIST_HEAD_INITIALIZER(pool);
+static unsigned int pool_size;
+
+typedef struct {
+    Coroutine base;
+    void *stack;
+    jmp_buf env;
+} CoroutineUContext;
+
+/**
+ * Per-thread coroutine bookkeeping
+ */
+typedef struct {
+    /** Currently executing coroutine */
+    Coroutine *current;
+
+    /** The default coroutine */
+    CoroutineUContext leader;
+
+    /** Information for the signal handler (trampoline) */
+    jmp_buf tr_reenter;
+    volatile sig_atomic_t tr_called;
+    void *tr_handler;
+} CoroutineThreadState;
+
+static pthread_key_t thread_state_key;
+
+static CoroutineThreadState *coroutine_get_thread_state(void)
+{
+    CoroutineThreadState *s = pthread_getspecific(thread_state_key);
+
+    if (!s) {
+        s = g_malloc0(sizeof(*s));
+        s->current = &s->leader.base;
+        pthread_setspecific(thread_state_key, s);
+    }
+    return s;
+}
+
+static void qemu_coroutine_thread_cleanup(void *opaque)
+{
+    CoroutineThreadState *s = opaque;
+
+    g_free(s);
+}
+
+static void __attribute__((destructor)) coroutine_cleanup(void)
+{
+    Coroutine *co;
+    Coroutine *tmp;
+
+    QSLIST_FOREACH_SAFE(co, &pool, pool_next, tmp) {
+        g_free(DO_UPCAST(CoroutineUContext, base, co)->stack);
+        g_free(co);
+    }
+}
+
+static void __attribute__((constructor)) coroutine_init(void)
+{
+    int ret;
+
+    ret = pthread_key_create(&thread_state_key, qemu_coroutine_thread_cleanup);
+    if (ret != 0) {
+        fprintf(stderr, "unable to create leader key: %s\n", strerror(errno));
+        abort();
+    }
+}
+
+/* "boot" function
+ * This is what starts the coroutine, is called from the trampoline
+ * (from the signal handler when it is not signal handling, read ahead
+ * for more information).
+ */
+static void coroutine_bootstrap(CoroutineUContext *self, Coroutine *co)
+{
+    /* Initialize longjmp environment and switch back the caller */
+    if (!setjmp(self->env)) {
+        longjmp(*(jmp_buf *)co->entry_arg, 1);
+    }
+
+    while (true) {
+        co->entry(co->entry_arg);
+        qemu_coroutine_switch(co, co->caller, COROUTINE_TERMINATE);
+    }
+}
+
+/*
+ * This is used as the signal handler. This is called with the brand new stack
+ * (thanks to sigaltstack). We have to return, given that this is a signal
+ * handler and the sigmask and some other things are changed.
+ */
+static void coroutine_trampoline(int signal)
+{
+    CoroutineUContext *self;
+    Coroutine *co;
+    CoroutineThreadState *coTS;
+
+    /* Get the thread specific information */
+    coTS = coroutine_get_thread_state();
+    self = coTS->tr_handler;
+    coTS->tr_called = 1;
+    co = &self->base;
+
+    /*
+     * Here we have to do a bit of a ping pong between the caller, given that
+     * this is a signal handler and we have to do a return "soon". Then the
+     * caller can reestablish everything and do a longjmp here again.
+     */
+    if (!setjmp(coTS->tr_reenter)) {
+        return;
+    }
+
+    /*
+     * Ok, the caller has longjmp'ed back to us, so now prepare
+     * us for the real machine state switching. We have to jump
+     * into another function here to get a new stack context for
+     * the auto variables (which have to be auto-variables
+     * because the start of the thread happens later). Else with
+     * PIC (i.e. Position Independent Code which is used when PTH
+     * is built as a shared library) most platforms would
+     * horrible core dump as experience showed.
+     */
+    coroutine_bootstrap(self, co);
+}
+
+static Coroutine *coroutine_new(void)
+{
+    const size_t stack_size = 1 << 20;
+    CoroutineUContext *co;
+    CoroutineThreadState *coTS;
+    struct sigaction sa;
+    struct sigaction osa;
+    struct sigaltstack ss;
+    struct sigaltstack oss;
+    sigset_t sigs;
+    sigset_t osigs;
+    jmp_buf old_env;
+
+    /* The way to manipulate stack is with the sigaltstack function. We
+     * prepare a stack, with it delivering a signal to ourselves and then
+     * put setjmp/longjmp where needed.
+     * This has been done keeping coroutine-ucontext as a model and with the
+     * pth ideas (GNU Portable Threads). See coroutine-ucontext for the basics
+     * of the coroutines and see pth_mctx.c (from the pth project) for the
+     * sigaltstack way of manipulating stacks.
+     */
+
+    co = g_malloc0(sizeof(*co));
+    co->stack = g_malloc(stack_size);
+    co->base.entry_arg = &old_env; /* stash away our jmp_buf */
+
+    coTS = coroutine_get_thread_state();
+    coTS->tr_handler = co;
+
+    /*
+     * Preserve the SIGUSR2 signal state, block SIGUSR2,
+     * and establish our signal handler. The signal will
+     * later transfer control onto the signal stack.
+     */
+    sigemptyset(&sigs);
+    sigaddset(&sigs, SIGUSR2);
+    pthread_sigmask(SIG_BLOCK, &sigs, &osigs);
+    sa.sa_handler = coroutine_trampoline;
+    sigfillset(&sa.sa_mask);
+    sa.sa_flags = SA_ONSTACK;
+    if (sigaction(SIGUSR2, &sa, &osa) != 0) {
+        abort();
+    }
+
+    /*
+     * Set the new stack.
+     */
+    ss.ss_sp = co->stack;
+    ss.ss_size = stack_size;
+    ss.ss_flags = 0;
+    if (sigaltstack(&ss, &oss) < 0) {
+        abort();
+    }
+
+    /*
+     * Now transfer control onto the signal stack and set it up.
+     * It will return immediately via "return" after the setjmp()
+     * was performed. Be careful here with race conditions.  The
+     * signal can be delivered the first time sigsuspend() is
+     * called.
+     */
+    coTS->tr_called = 0;
+    kill(getpid(), SIGUSR2);
+    sigfillset(&sigs);
+    sigdelset(&sigs, SIGUSR2);
+    while (!coTS->tr_called) {
+        sigsuspend(&sigs);
+    }
+
+    /*
+     * Inform the system that we are back off the signal stack by
+     * removing the alternative signal stack. Be careful here: It
+     * first has to be disabled, before it can be removed.
+     */
+    sigaltstack(NULL, &ss);
+    ss.ss_flags = SS_DISABLE;
+    if (sigaltstack(&ss, NULL) < 0) {
+        abort();
+    }
+    sigaltstack(NULL, &ss);
+    if (!(oss.ss_flags & SS_DISABLE)) {
+        sigaltstack(&oss, NULL);
+    }
+
+    /*
+     * Restore the old SIGUSR2 signal handler and mask
+     */
+    sigaction(SIGUSR2, &osa, NULL);
+    pthread_sigmask(SIG_SETMASK, &osigs, NULL);
+
+    /*
+     * Now enter the trampoline again, but this time not as a signal
+     * handler. Instead we jump into it directly. The functionally
+     * redundant ping-pong pointer arithmentic is neccessary to avoid
+     * type-conversion warnings related to the `volatile' qualifier and
+     * the fact that `jmp_buf' usually is an array type.
+     */
+    if (!setjmp(old_env)) {
+        longjmp(coTS->tr_reenter, 1);
+    }
+
+    /*
+     * Ok, we returned again, so now we're finished
+     */
+
+    return &co->base;
+}
+
+Coroutine *qemu_coroutine_new(void)
+{
+    Coroutine *co;
+
+    co = QSLIST_FIRST(&pool);
+    if (co) {
+        QSLIST_REMOVE_HEAD(&pool, pool_next);
+        pool_size--;
+    } else {
+        co = coroutine_new();
+    }
+    return co;
+}
+
+void qemu_coroutine_delete(Coroutine *co_)
+{
+    CoroutineUContext *co = DO_UPCAST(CoroutineUContext, base, co_);
+
+    if (pool_size < POOL_MAX_SIZE) {
+        QSLIST_INSERT_HEAD(&pool, &co->base, pool_next);
+        co->base.caller = NULL;
+        pool_size++;
+        return;
+    }
+
+    g_free(co->stack);
+    g_free(co);
+}
+
+CoroutineAction qemu_coroutine_switch(Coroutine *from_, Coroutine *to_,
+                                      CoroutineAction action)
+{
+    CoroutineUContext *from = DO_UPCAST(CoroutineUContext, base, from_);
+    CoroutineUContext *to = DO_UPCAST(CoroutineUContext, base, to_);
+    CoroutineThreadState *s = coroutine_get_thread_state();
+    int ret;
+
+    s->current = to_;
+
+    ret = setjmp(from->env);
+    if (ret == 0) {
+        longjmp(to->env, action);
+    }
+    return ret;
+}
+
+Coroutine *qemu_coroutine_self(void)
+{
+    CoroutineThreadState *s = coroutine_get_thread_state();
+
+    return s->current;
+}
+
+bool qemu_in_coroutine(void)
+{
+    CoroutineThreadState *s = pthread_getspecific(thread_state_key);
+
+    return s && s->current->caller;
+}
+