Patchwork [v2,6/8] qemu-ga: add initial win32 support

login
register
mail settings
Submitter Michael Roth
Date Feb. 2, 2012, 7:58 p.m.
Message ID <1328212740-15799-7-git-send-email-mdroth@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/139211/
State New
Headers show

Comments

Michael Roth - Feb. 2, 2012, 7:58 p.m.
This adds a win32 channel implementation that makes qemu-ga functional
on Windows using virtio-serial (unix-listen/isa-serial not currently
implemented). Unlike with the posix implementation, we do not use
GIOChannel for the following reasons:

 - glib calls stat() on an fd to check whether S_IFCHR is set, which is
   the case for virtio-serial on win32. Because of that, a one-time
   check to determine whether the channel is readable is done by making
   a call to PeekConsoleInput(), which reports the underlying handle is
   not a valid console handle, and thus we can never read from the
   channel.

 - if one goes as far as to "trick" glib into thinking it is a normal
   file descripter, the buffering is done in such a way that data
   written to the output stream will subsequently result in that same
   data being read back as if it were input, causing an error loop.
   furthermore, a forced flush of the channel only moves the data into a
   secondary buffer managed by glib, so there's no way to prevent output
   from getting read back as input.

The implementation here ties into the glib main loop by implementing a
custom GSource that continually submits asynchronous/overlapped I/O to
fill an GAChannel-managed read buffer, and tells glib to poll the
corresponding event handle for a completion whenever there is no
data/RPC in the read buffer to notify the main application about.

Signed-off-by: Michael Roth <mdroth@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
---
 Makefile.objs       |    2 +-
 qemu-ga.c           |    4 +
 qga/channel-win32.c |  337 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 3 files changed, 342 insertions(+), 1 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 qga/channel-win32.c

Patch

diff --git a/Makefile.objs b/Makefile.objs
index 18e79ce..e1cb54a 100644
--- a/Makefile.objs
+++ b/Makefile.objs
@@ -426,7 +426,7 @@  common-obj-y += qmp.o hmp.o
 
 qga-nested-y = commands.o guest-agent-command-state.o
 qga-nested-$(CONFIG_POSIX) += commands-posix.o channel-posix.o
-qga-nested-$(CONFIG_WIN32) += commands-win32.o
+qga-nested-$(CONFIG_WIN32) += commands-win32.o channel-win32.o
 qga-obj-y = $(addprefix qga/, $(qga-nested-y))
 qga-obj-y += qemu-ga.o module.o
 qga-obj-$(CONFIG_WIN32) += oslib-win32.o
diff --git a/qemu-ga.c b/qemu-ga.c
index 93ebc3e..8e517b5 100644
--- a/qemu-ga.c
+++ b/qemu-ga.c
@@ -30,7 +30,11 @@ 
 #include "qapi/qmp-core.h"
 #include "qga/channel.h"
 
+#ifndef _WIN32
 #define QGA_VIRTIO_PATH_DEFAULT "/dev/virtio-ports/org.qemu.guest_agent.0"
+#else
+#define QGA_VIRTIO_PATH_DEFAULT "\\\\.\\Global\\org.qemu.guest_agent.0"
+#endif
 #define QGA_PIDFILE_DEFAULT "/var/run/qemu-ga.pid"
 
 struct GAState {
diff --git a/qga/channel-win32.c b/qga/channel-win32.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..9d8601a
--- /dev/null
+++ b/qga/channel-win32.c
@@ -0,0 +1,337 @@ 
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <stdbool.h>
+#include <glib.h>
+#include <windows.h>
+#include <errno.h>
+#include <io.h>
+#include "qga/guest-agent-core.h"
+#include "qga/channel.h"
+
+typedef struct GAChannelReadState {
+    guint thread_id;
+    uint8_t *buf;
+    size_t buf_size;
+    size_t cur; /* current buffer start */
+    size_t pending; /* pending buffered bytes to read */
+    OVERLAPPED ov;
+    bool ov_pending; /* whether on async read is outstanding */
+} GAChannelReadState;
+
+struct GAChannel {
+    HANDLE handle;
+    GAChannelCallback cb;
+    gpointer user_data;
+    GAChannelReadState rstate;
+    GIOCondition pending_events; /* TODO: use GAWatch.pollfd.revents */
+    GSource *source;
+};
+
+typedef struct GAWatch {
+    GSource source;
+    GPollFD pollfd;
+    GAChannel *channel;
+    GIOCondition events_mask;
+} GAWatch;
+
+/*
+ * Called by glib prior to polling to set up poll events if polling is needed.
+ *
+ */
+static gboolean ga_channel_prepare(GSource *source, gint *timeout_ms)
+{
+    GAWatch *watch = (GAWatch *)source;
+    GAChannel *c = (GAChannel *)watch->channel;
+    GAChannelReadState *rs = &c->rstate;
+    DWORD count_read, count_to_read = 0;
+    bool success;
+    GIOCondition new_events = 0;
+
+    g_debug("prepare");
+    /* go ahead and submit another read if there's room in the buffer
+     * and no previous reads are outstanding
+     */
+    if (!rs->ov_pending) {
+        if (rs->cur + rs->pending >= rs->buf_size) {
+            if (rs->cur) {
+                memmove(rs->buf, rs->buf + rs->cur, rs->pending);
+                rs->cur = 0;
+            }
+        }
+        count_to_read = rs->buf_size - rs->cur - rs->pending;
+    }
+
+    if (rs->ov_pending || count_to_read <= 0) {
+            goto out;
+    }
+
+    /* submit the read */
+    success = ReadFile(c->handle, rs->buf + rs->cur + rs->pending,
+                       count_to_read, &count_read, &rs->ov);
+    if (success) {
+        rs->pending += count_read;
+        rs->ov_pending = false;
+    } else {
+        if (GetLastError() == ERROR_IO_PENDING) {
+            rs->ov_pending = true;
+        } else {
+            new_events |= G_IO_ERR;
+        }
+    }
+
+out:
+    /* dont block forever, iterate the main loop every once and a while */
+    *timeout_ms = 500;
+    /* if there's data in the read buffer, or another event is pending,
+     * skip polling and issue user cb.
+     */
+    if (rs->pending) {
+        new_events |= G_IO_IN;
+    }
+    c->pending_events |= new_events;
+    return !!c->pending_events;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Called by glib after an outstanding read request is completed.
+ */
+static gboolean ga_channel_check(GSource *source)
+{
+    GAWatch *watch = (GAWatch *)source;
+    GAChannel *c = (GAChannel *)watch->channel;
+    GAChannelReadState *rs = &c->rstate;
+    DWORD count_read, error;
+    BOOL success;
+
+    GIOCondition new_events = 0;
+
+    g_debug("check");
+
+    /* failing this implies we issued a read that completed immediately,
+     * yet no data was placed into the buffer (and thus we did not skip
+     * polling). but since EOF is not obtainable until we retrieve an
+     * overlapped result, it must be the case that there was data placed
+     * into the buffer, or an error was generated by Readfile(). in either
+     * case, we should've skipped the polling for this round.
+     */
+    g_assert(rs->ov_pending);
+
+    success = GetOverlappedResult(c->handle, &rs->ov, &count_read, FALSE);
+    if (success) {
+        g_debug("thread: overlapped result, count_read: %d", (int)count_read);
+        rs->pending += count_read;
+        new_events |= G_IO_IN;
+    } else {
+        error = GetLastError();
+        if (error == 0 || error == ERROR_HANDLE_EOF ||
+            error == ERROR_NO_SYSTEM_RESOURCES) {
+            /* note: On WinXP SP3 with virtio-win 0.1-15 vioser drivers,
+             * ENSR seems to be synonymous with when we'd normally expect
+             * ERROR_HANDLE_EOF. So treat it as such. Microsoft's
+             * recommendation for ERROR_NO_SYSTEM_RESOURCES is to
+             * retry the read, so this happens to work out anyway.
+             */
+            new_events |= G_IO_HUP;
+        } else if (error != ERROR_IO_INCOMPLETE) {
+            g_critical("error retrieving overlapped result: %d", (int)error);
+            new_events |= G_IO_ERR;
+        }
+    }
+
+    if (new_events) {
+        rs->ov_pending = 0;
+    }
+    c->pending_events |= new_events;
+
+    return !!c->pending_events;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Called by glib after either prepare or check routines signal readiness
+ */
+static gboolean ga_channel_dispatch(GSource *source, GSourceFunc unused,
+                                    gpointer user_data)
+{
+    GAWatch *watch = (GAWatch *)source;
+    GAChannel *c = (GAChannel *)watch->channel;
+    GAChannelReadState *rs = &c->rstate;
+    gboolean success;
+
+    g_debug("dispatch");
+    success = c->cb(watch->pollfd.revents, c->user_data);
+
+    if (c->pending_events & G_IO_ERR) {
+        g_critical("channel error, removing source");
+        return false;
+    }
+
+    /* TODO: replace rs->pending with watch->revents */
+    c->pending_events &= ~G_IO_HUP;
+    if (!rs->pending) {
+        c->pending_events &= ~G_IO_IN;
+    } else {
+        c->pending_events = 0;
+    }
+    return success;
+}
+
+static void ga_channel_finalize(GSource *source)
+{
+    g_debug("finalize");
+}
+
+GSourceFuncs ga_channel_watch_funcs = {
+    ga_channel_prepare,
+    ga_channel_check,
+    ga_channel_dispatch,
+    ga_channel_finalize
+};
+
+static GSource *ga_channel_create_watch(GAChannel *c)
+{
+    GSource *source = g_source_new(&ga_channel_watch_funcs, sizeof(GAWatch));
+    GAWatch *watch = (GAWatch *)source;
+
+    watch->channel = c;
+    watch->pollfd.fd = (gintptr) c->rstate.ov.hEvent;
+    g_source_add_poll(source, &watch->pollfd);
+
+    return source;
+}
+
+GIOStatus ga_channel_read(GAChannel *c, char *buf, size_t size, gsize *count)
+{
+    GAChannelReadState *rs = &c->rstate;
+    GIOStatus status;
+    size_t to_read = 0;
+
+    if (c->pending_events & G_IO_ERR) {
+        return G_IO_STATUS_ERROR;
+    }
+
+    *count = to_read = MIN(size, rs->pending);
+    if (to_read) {
+        memcpy(buf, rs->buf + rs->cur, to_read);
+        rs->cur += to_read;
+        rs->pending -= to_read;
+        status = G_IO_STATUS_NORMAL;
+    } else {
+        status = G_IO_STATUS_AGAIN;
+    }
+
+    return status;
+}
+
+static GIOStatus ga_channel_write(GAChannel *c, const char *buf, size_t size,
+                                  size_t *count)
+{
+    GIOStatus status;
+    OVERLAPPED ov = {0};
+    BOOL ret;
+    DWORD written;
+
+    ov.hEvent = CreateEvent(NULL, FALSE, FALSE, NULL);
+    ret = WriteFile(c->handle, buf, size, &written, &ov);
+    if (!ret) {
+        if (GetLastError() == ERROR_IO_PENDING) {
+            /* write is pending */
+            ret = GetOverlappedResult(c->handle, &ov, &written, TRUE);
+            if (!ret) {
+                if (!GetLastError()) {
+                    status = G_IO_STATUS_AGAIN;
+                } else {
+                    status = G_IO_STATUS_ERROR;
+                }
+            } else {
+                /* write is complete */
+                status = G_IO_STATUS_NORMAL;
+                *count = written;
+            }
+        } else {
+            status = G_IO_STATUS_ERROR;
+        }
+    } else {
+        /* write returned immediately */
+        status = G_IO_STATUS_NORMAL;
+        *count = written;
+    }
+
+    return status;
+}
+
+GIOStatus ga_channel_write_all(GAChannel *c, const char *buf, size_t size)
+{
+    GIOStatus status = G_IO_STATUS_NORMAL;;
+    size_t count;
+
+    while (size) {
+        status = ga_channel_write(c, buf, size, &count);
+        if (status == G_IO_STATUS_NORMAL) {
+            size -= count;
+            buf += count;
+        } else if (status != G_IO_STATUS_AGAIN) {
+            break;
+        }
+    }
+
+    return status;
+}
+
+static gboolean ga_channel_open(GAChannel *c, GAChannelMethod method,
+                                const gchar *path)
+{
+    if (!method == GA_CHANNEL_VIRTIO_SERIAL) {
+        g_critical("unsupported communication method");
+        return false;
+    }
+
+    c->handle = CreateFile(path, GENERIC_READ | GENERIC_WRITE, 0, NULL,
+                           OPEN_EXISTING,
+                           FILE_FLAG_NO_BUFFERING | FILE_FLAG_OVERLAPPED, NULL);
+    if (c->handle == INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE) {
+        g_critical("error opening path");
+        return false;
+    }
+
+    return true;
+}
+
+GAChannel *ga_channel_new(GAChannelMethod method, const gchar *path,
+                          GAChannelCallback cb, gpointer opaque)
+{
+    GAChannel *c = g_malloc0(sizeof(GAChannel));
+    SECURITY_ATTRIBUTES sec_attrs;
+
+    if (!ga_channel_open(c, method, path)) {
+        g_critical("error opening channel");
+        g_free(c);
+        return NULL;
+    }
+
+    c->cb = cb;
+    c->user_data = opaque;
+
+    sec_attrs.nLength = sizeof(SECURITY_ATTRIBUTES);
+    sec_attrs.lpSecurityDescriptor = NULL;
+    sec_attrs.bInheritHandle = false;
+
+    c->rstate.buf_size = QGA_READ_COUNT_DEFAULT;
+    c->rstate.buf = g_malloc(QGA_READ_COUNT_DEFAULT);
+    c->rstate.ov.hEvent = CreateEvent(&sec_attrs, FALSE, FALSE, NULL);
+
+    c->source = ga_channel_create_watch(c);
+    g_source_attach(c->source, NULL);
+    return c;
+}
+
+void ga_channel_free(GAChannel *c)
+{
+    if (c->source) {
+        g_source_destroy(c->source);
+    }
+    if (c->rstate.ov.hEvent) {
+        CloseHandle(c->rstate.ov.hEvent);
+    }
+    g_free(c->rstate.buf);
+    g_free(c);
+}