Patchwork usb-uhci: implement bandwidth management

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Submitter Gerd Hoffmann
Date Jan. 26, 2012, 2:20 p.m.
Message ID <1327587630-11099-1-git-send-email-kraxel@redhat.com>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/137929/
State New
Headers show

Comments

Gerd Hoffmann - Jan. 26, 2012, 2:20 p.m.
The OS is allowed to make the UHCI Controller run in circles.  That is
usually done to serve multiple connected USB devices in a robin-round
fashion, so the available USB bandwidth is evenly distributed between
devices.

The uhci emulation handles this in a very poor way though.  When it
figures it runs in circles it stops processing unconditionally, so
it usually processes at most a single transfer desriptor per queue,
even if there are multiple transfer descriptors are queued up.

This patch makes uhci act in a more sophisticated way.  It keeps track
of successful processed transfer descriptors and transfered bytes.  Then
it will stop processing when there is nothing to do (no transfer
descriptor was completed the last round) or when the transfered data
reaches the usb bandwidth limit.

Result is that the usb-storage devices connected to uhci are ten times
faster, mkfs.vfat time for a 64M stick goes down from five seconds to
a half second.  Reason for this is that we are now processing up to 24
transfer descriptors (with 64 bytes each) per frame instead of a single
one.

Signed-off-by: Gerd Hoffmann <kraxel@redhat.com>
---
 hw/usb-uhci.c |   29 ++++++++++++++++++++++-------
 1 files changed, 22 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)

Patch

diff --git a/hw/usb-uhci.c b/hw/usb-uhci.c
index 25d4e8c..385584e 100644
--- a/hw/usb-uhci.c
+++ b/hw/usb-uhci.c
@@ -73,7 +73,7 @@ 
 
 #define FRAME_TIMER_FREQ 1000
 
-#define FRAME_MAX_LOOPS  100
+#define FRAME_MAX_LOOPS  256
 
 #define NB_PORTS 2
 
@@ -942,7 +942,7 @@  static int qhdb_insert(QhDb *db, uint32_t addr)
 static void uhci_process_frame(UHCIState *s)
 {
     uint32_t frame_addr, link, old_td_ctrl, val, int_mask;
-    uint32_t curr_qh;
+    uint32_t curr_qh, td_count = 0, bytes_count = 0;
     int cnt, ret;
     UHCI_TD td;
     UHCI_QH qh;
@@ -967,13 +967,26 @@  static void uhci_process_frame(UHCIState *s)
             if (qhdb_insert(&qhdb, link)) {
                 /*
                  * We're going in circles. Which is not a bug because
-                 * HCD is allowed to do that as part of the BW management. 
-                 * In our case though it makes no sense to spin here. Sync transations 
-                 * are already done, and async completion handler will re-process 
-                 * the frame when something is ready.
+                 * HCD is allowed to do that as part of the BW management.
+                 *
+                 * Stop processing here if
+                 *  (a) no transaction has been done since we've been
+                 *      here last time, or
+                 *  (b) we've reached the usb 1.1 bandwidth, which is
+                 *      12 Mbit/s or 1536 bytes/frame.
                  */
                 DPRINTF("uhci: detected loop. qh 0x%x\n", link);
-                break;
+                if (td_count == 0) {
+                    DPRINTF("uhci: no transaction last round, stop\n");
+                    break;
+                } else if (bytes_count >= 1536) {
+                    DPRINTF("uhci: bandwidth limit reached, stop\n");
+                    break;
+                } else {
+                    td_count = 0;
+                    qhdb_reset(&qhdb);
+                    qhdb_insert(&qhdb, link);
+                }
             }
 
             pci_dma_read(&s->dev, link & ~0xf, &qh, sizeof(qh));
@@ -1033,6 +1046,8 @@  static void uhci_process_frame(UHCIState *s)
                 link, td.link, td.ctrl, td.token, curr_qh);
 
         link = td.link;
+        td_count++;
+        bytes_count += (td.ctrl & 0x7ff) + 1;
 
         if (curr_qh) {
 	    /* update QH element link */