Patchwork [v2,4/5] vfio: VFIO core IOMMU mapping support

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Submitter Alex Williamson
Date Jan. 23, 2012, 5:21 p.m.
Message ID <20120123172107.26865.89745.stgit@bling.home>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/137443/
State New
Headers show

Comments

Alex Williamson - Jan. 23, 2012, 5:21 p.m.
Backing for operations on the IOMMU object, including DMA
mapping and unmapping.

Signed-off-by: Alex Williamson <alex.williamson@redhat.com>
---

 drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu.c |  611 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 1 files changed, 611 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu.c

Patch

diff --git a/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu.c b/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..49e6b2d
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu.c
@@ -0,0 +1,611 @@ 
+/*
+ * VFIO: IOMMU DMA mapping support
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2012 Red Hat, Inc.  All rights reserved.
+ *     Author: Alex Williamson <alex.williamson@redhat.com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * Derived from original vfio:
+ * Copyright 2010 Cisco Systems, Inc.  All rights reserved.
+ * Author: Tom Lyon, pugs@cisco.com
+ */
+
+#include <linux/compat.h>
+#include <linux/device.h>
+#include <linux/fs.h>
+#include <linux/iommu.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/mm.h>
+#include <linux/sched.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/uaccess.h>
+#include <linux/vfio.h>
+#include <linux/workqueue.h>
+
+#include "vfio_private.h"
+
+struct vfio_dma_map_entry {
+	struct list_head	list;
+	dma_addr_t		iova;		/* Device address */
+	unsigned long		vaddr;		/* Process virtual addr */
+	long			npage;		/* Number of pages */
+	int			prot;		/* IOMMU_READ/WRITE */
+};
+
+/*
+ * This code handles mapping and unmapping of user data buffers
+ * into DMA'ble space using the IOMMU
+ */
+
+#define NPAGE_TO_SIZE(npage)	((size_t)(npage) << PAGE_SHIFT)
+
+struct vwork {
+	struct mm_struct	*mm;
+	long			npage;
+	struct work_struct	work;
+};
+
+/* delayed decrement/increment for locked_vm */
+static void vfio_lock_acct_bg(struct work_struct *work)
+{
+	struct vwork *vwork = container_of(work, struct vwork, work);
+	struct mm_struct *mm;
+
+	mm = vwork->mm;
+	down_write(&mm->mmap_sem);
+	mm->locked_vm += vwork->npage;
+	up_write(&mm->mmap_sem);
+	mmput(mm);
+	kfree(vwork);
+}
+
+static void vfio_lock_acct(long npage)
+{
+	struct vwork *vwork;
+	struct mm_struct *mm;
+
+	if (!current->mm)
+		return; /* process exited */
+
+	if (down_write_trylock(&current->mm->mmap_sem)) {
+		current->mm->locked_vm += npage;
+		up_write(&current->mm->mmap_sem);
+		return;
+	}
+
+	/*
+	 * Couldn't get mmap_sem lock, so must setup to update
+	 * mm->locked_vm later. If locked_vm were atomic, we
+	 * wouldn't need this silliness
+	 */
+	vwork = kmalloc(sizeof(struct vwork), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!vwork)
+		return;
+	mm = get_task_mm(current);
+	if (!mm) {
+		kfree(vwork);
+		return;
+	}
+	INIT_WORK(&vwork->work, vfio_lock_acct_bg);
+	vwork->mm = mm;
+	vwork->npage = npage;
+	schedule_work(&vwork->work);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Some mappings aren't backed by a struct page, for example an mmap'd
+ * MMIO range for our own or another device.  These use a different
+ * pfn conversion and shouldn't be tracked as locked pages.
+ */
+static bool is_invalid_reserved_pfn(unsigned long pfn)
+{
+	if (pfn_valid(pfn)) {
+		bool reserved;
+		struct page *tail = pfn_to_page(pfn);
+		struct page *head = compound_trans_head(tail);
+		reserved = !!(PageReserved(head));
+		if (head != tail) {
+			/*
+			 * "head" is not a dangling pointer
+			 * (compound_trans_head takes care of that)
+			 * but the hugepage may have been split
+			 * from under us (and we may not hold a
+			 * reference count on the head page so it can
+			 * be reused before we run PageReferenced), so
+			 * we've to check PageTail before returning
+			 * what we just read.
+			 */
+			smp_rmb();
+			if (PageTail(tail))
+				return reserved;
+		}
+		return PageReserved(tail);
+	}
+
+	return true;
+}
+
+static int put_pfn(unsigned long pfn, int prot)
+{
+	if (!is_invalid_reserved_pfn(pfn)) {
+		struct page *page = pfn_to_page(pfn);
+		if (prot & IOMMU_WRITE)
+			SetPageDirty(page);
+		put_page(page);
+		return 1;
+	}
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/* Unmap DMA region */
+static long __vfio_dma_do_unmap(struct vfio_iommu *iommu, dma_addr_t iova,
+			     long npage, int prot)
+{
+	long i, unlocked = 0;
+
+	for (i = 0; i < npage; i++, iova += PAGE_SIZE) {
+		unsigned long pfn;
+
+		pfn = iommu_iova_to_phys(iommu->domain, iova) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+		if (pfn) {
+			iommu_unmap(iommu->domain, iova, PAGE_SIZE);
+			unlocked += put_pfn(pfn, prot);
+		}
+	}
+	return unlocked;
+}
+
+static void vfio_dma_unmap(struct vfio_iommu *iommu, dma_addr_t iova,
+			   long npage, int prot)
+{
+	long unlocked;
+
+	unlocked = __vfio_dma_do_unmap(iommu, iova, npage, prot);
+	vfio_lock_acct(-unlocked);
+}
+
+/* Unmap ALL DMA regions */
+void vfio_iommu_unmapall(struct vfio_iommu *iommu)
+{
+	struct list_head *pos, *tmp;
+
+	mutex_lock(&iommu->lock);
+	list_for_each_safe(pos, tmp, &iommu->dma_list) {
+		struct vfio_dma_map_entry *dma;
+
+		dma = list_entry(pos, struct vfio_dma_map_entry, list);
+		vfio_dma_unmap(iommu, dma->iova, dma->npage, dma->prot);
+		list_del(&dma->list);
+		kfree(dma);
+	}
+	mutex_unlock(&iommu->lock);
+}
+
+static int vaddr_get_pfn(unsigned long vaddr, int prot, unsigned long *pfn)
+{
+	struct page *page[1];
+	struct vm_area_struct *vma;
+	int ret = -EFAULT;
+
+	if (get_user_pages_fast(vaddr, 1, !!(prot & IOMMU_WRITE), page) == 1) {
+		*pfn = page_to_pfn(page[0]);
+		return 0;
+	}
+
+	down_read(&current->mm->mmap_sem);
+
+	vma = find_vma_intersection(current->mm, vaddr, vaddr + 1);
+
+	if (vma && vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP) {
+		*pfn = ((vaddr - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT) + vma->vm_pgoff;
+		if (is_invalid_reserved_pfn(*pfn))
+			ret = 0;
+	}
+
+	up_read(&current->mm->mmap_sem);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+/* Map DMA region */
+static int __vfio_dma_map(struct vfio_iommu *iommu, dma_addr_t iova,
+			  unsigned long vaddr, long npage, int prot)
+{
+	dma_addr_t start = iova;
+	long i, locked = 0;
+	int ret;
+
+	/* Verify that pages are not already mapped */
+	for (i = 0; i < npage; i++, iova += PAGE_SIZE)
+		if (iommu_iova_to_phys(iommu->domain, iova))
+			return -EBUSY;
+
+	iova = start;
+
+	if (iommu->cache)
+		prot |= IOMMU_CACHE;
+
+	/*
+	 * XXX We break mappings into pages and use get_user_pages_fast to
+	 * pin the pages in memory.  It's been suggested that mlock might
+	 * provide a more efficient mechanism, but nothing prevents the
+	 * user from munlocking the pages, which could then allow the user
+	 * access to random host memory.  We also have no guarantee from the
+	 * IOMMU API that the iommu driver can unmap sub-pages of previous
+	 * mappings.  This means we might lose an entire range if a single
+	 * page within it is unmapped.  Single page mappings are inefficient,
+	 * but provide the most flexibility for now.
+	 */
+	for (i = 0; i < npage; i++, iova += PAGE_SIZE, vaddr += PAGE_SIZE) {
+		unsigned long pfn = 0;
+
+		ret = vaddr_get_pfn(vaddr, prot, &pfn);
+		if (ret) {
+			__vfio_dma_do_unmap(iommu, start, i, prot);
+			return ret;
+		}
+
+		/*
+		 * Only add actual locked pages to accounting
+		 * XXX We're effectively marking a page locked for every
+		 * IOVA page even though it's possible the user could be
+		 * backing multiple IOVAs with the same vaddr.  This over-
+		 * penalizes the user process, but we currently have no
+		 * easy way to do this properly.
+		 */
+		if (!is_invalid_reserved_pfn(pfn))
+			locked++;
+
+		ret = iommu_map(iommu->domain, iova,
+				(phys_addr_t)pfn << PAGE_SHIFT,
+				PAGE_SIZE, prot);
+		if (ret) {
+			/* Back out mappings on error */
+			put_pfn(pfn, prot);
+			__vfio_dma_do_unmap(iommu, start, i, prot);
+			return ret;
+		}
+	}
+	vfio_lock_acct(locked);
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static inline bool ranges_overlap(dma_addr_t start1, size_t size1,
+				  dma_addr_t start2, size_t size2)
+{
+	if (start1 < start2)
+		return (start2 - start1 < size1);
+	else if (start2 < start1)
+		return (start1 - start2 < size2);
+	return (size1 > 0 && size2 > 0);
+}
+
+static struct vfio_dma_map_entry *vfio_find_dma(struct vfio_iommu *iommu,
+						dma_addr_t start, size_t size)
+{
+	struct list_head *pos;
+
+	list_for_each(pos, &iommu->dma_list) {
+		struct vfio_dma_map_entry *dma;
+
+		dma = list_entry(pos, struct vfio_dma_map_entry, list);
+		if (ranges_overlap(dma->iova, NPAGE_TO_SIZE(dma->npage),
+				   start, size))
+			return dma;
+	}
+	return NULL;
+}
+
+static long vfio_remove_dma_overlap(struct vfio_iommu *iommu, dma_addr_t start,
+				    size_t size, struct vfio_dma_map_entry *dma)
+{
+	struct vfio_dma_map_entry *split;
+	long npage_lo, npage_hi;
+
+	/* Existing dma region is completely covered, unmap all */
+	if (start <= dma->iova &&
+	    start + size >= dma->iova + NPAGE_TO_SIZE(dma->npage)) {
+		vfio_dma_unmap(iommu, dma->iova, dma->npage, dma->prot);
+		list_del(&dma->list);
+		npage_lo = dma->npage;
+		kfree(dma);
+		return npage_lo;
+	}
+
+	/* Overlap low address of existing range */
+	if (start <= dma->iova) {
+		size_t overlap;
+
+		overlap = start + size - dma->iova;
+		npage_lo = overlap >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+
+		vfio_dma_unmap(iommu, dma->iova, npage_lo, dma->prot);
+		dma->iova += overlap;
+		dma->vaddr += overlap;
+		dma->npage -= npage_lo;
+		return npage_lo;
+	}
+
+	/* Overlap high address of existing range */
+	if (start + size >= dma->iova + NPAGE_TO_SIZE(dma->npage)) {
+		size_t overlap;
+
+		overlap = dma->iova + NPAGE_TO_SIZE(dma->npage) - start;
+		npage_hi = overlap >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+
+		vfio_dma_unmap(iommu, start, npage_hi, dma->prot);
+		dma->npage -= npage_hi;
+		return npage_hi;
+	}
+
+	/* Split existing */
+	npage_lo = (start - dma->iova) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+	npage_hi = dma->npage - (size >> PAGE_SHIFT) - npage_lo;
+
+	split = kzalloc(sizeof *split, GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!split)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+
+	vfio_dma_unmap(iommu, start, size >> PAGE_SHIFT, dma->prot);
+
+	dma->npage = npage_lo;
+
+	split->npage = npage_hi;
+	split->iova = start + size;
+	split->vaddr = dma->vaddr + NPAGE_TO_SIZE(npage_lo) + size;
+	split->prot = dma->prot;
+	list_add(&split->list, &iommu->dma_list);
+	return size >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+}
+
+static int vfio_dma_do_unmap(struct vfio_iommu *iommu,
+			     struct vfio_dma_unmap *unmap)
+{
+	long ret = 0, npage = unmap->size >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+	struct list_head *pos, *tmp;
+	uint64_t mask;
+
+	mask = ((uint64_t)1 << __ffs(iommu->domain->ops->pgsize_bitmap)) - 1;
+
+	if (unmap->iova & mask)
+		return -EINVAL;
+	if (unmap->size & mask)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	/* XXX We still break these down into PAGE_SIZE */
+	WARN_ON(mask & PAGE_MASK);
+
+	mutex_lock(&iommu->lock);
+
+	list_for_each_safe(pos, tmp, &iommu->dma_list) {
+		struct vfio_dma_map_entry *dma;
+
+		dma = list_entry(pos, struct vfio_dma_map_entry, list);
+		if (ranges_overlap(dma->iova, NPAGE_TO_SIZE(dma->npage),
+				   unmap->iova, unmap->size)) {
+			ret = vfio_remove_dma_overlap(iommu, unmap->iova,
+						      unmap->size, dma);
+			if (ret > 0)
+				npage -= ret;
+			if (ret < 0 || npage == 0)
+				break;
+		}
+	}
+	mutex_unlock(&iommu->lock);
+	return ret > 0 ? 0 : (int)ret;
+}
+
+static int vfio_dma_do_map(struct vfio_iommu *iommu, struct vfio_dma_map *map)
+{
+	struct vfio_dma_map_entry *dma, *pdma = NULL;
+	dma_addr_t iova = map->iova;
+	unsigned long locked, lock_limit, vaddr = map->vaddr;
+	size_t size = map->size;
+	int ret = 0, prot = 0;
+	uint64_t mask;
+	long npage;
+
+	mask = ((uint64_t)1 << __ffs(iommu->domain->ops->pgsize_bitmap)) - 1;
+
+	/* READ/WRITE from device perspective */
+	if (map->flags & VFIO_DMA_MAP_FLAG_WRITE)
+		prot |= IOMMU_WRITE;
+	if (map->flags & VFIO_DMA_MAP_FLAG_READ)
+		prot |= IOMMU_READ;
+
+	if (!prot)
+		return -EINVAL; /* No READ/WRITE? */
+
+	if (vaddr & mask)
+		return -EINVAL;
+	if (iova & mask)
+		return -EINVAL;
+	if (size & mask)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	/* XXX We still break these down into PAGE_SIZE */
+	WARN_ON(mask & PAGE_MASK);
+
+	/* Don't allow IOVA wrap */
+	if (iova + size && iova + size < iova)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	/* Don't allow virtual address wrap */
+	if (vaddr + size && vaddr + size < vaddr)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	npage = size >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+	if (!npage)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	mutex_lock(&iommu->lock);
+
+	if (vfio_find_dma(iommu, iova, size)) {
+		ret = -EBUSY;
+		goto out_lock;
+	}
+
+	/* account for locked pages */
+	locked = current->mm->locked_vm + npage;
+	lock_limit = rlimit(RLIMIT_MEMLOCK) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+	if (locked > lock_limit && !capable(CAP_IPC_LOCK)) {
+		printk(KERN_WARNING "%s: RLIMIT_MEMLOCK (%ld) exceeded\n",
+			__func__, rlimit(RLIMIT_MEMLOCK));
+		ret = -ENOMEM;
+		goto out_lock;
+	}
+
+	ret = __vfio_dma_map(iommu, iova, vaddr, npage, prot);
+	if (ret)
+		goto out_lock;
+
+	/* Check if we abut a region below - nothing below 0 */
+	if (iova) {
+		dma = vfio_find_dma(iommu, iova - 1, 1);
+		if (dma && dma->prot == prot &&
+		    dma->vaddr + NPAGE_TO_SIZE(dma->npage) == vaddr) {
+
+			dma->npage += npage;
+			iova = dma->iova;
+			vaddr = dma->vaddr;
+			npage = dma->npage;
+			size = NPAGE_TO_SIZE(npage);
+
+			pdma = dma;
+		}
+	}
+
+	/* Check if we abut a region above - nothing above ~0 + 1 */
+	if (iova + size) {
+		dma = vfio_find_dma(iommu, iova + size, 1);
+		if (dma && dma->prot == prot &&
+		    dma->vaddr == vaddr + size) {
+
+			dma->npage += npage;
+			dma->iova = iova;
+			dma->vaddr = vaddr;
+
+			/*
+			 * If merged above and below, remove previously
+			 * merged entry.  New entry covers it.
+			 */
+			if (pdma) {
+				list_del(&pdma->list);
+				kfree(pdma);
+			}
+			pdma = dma;
+		}
+	}
+
+	/* Isolated, new region */
+	if (!pdma) {
+		dma = kzalloc(sizeof *dma, GFP_KERNEL);
+		if (!dma) {
+			ret = -ENOMEM;
+			vfio_dma_unmap(iommu, iova, npage, prot);
+			goto out_lock;
+		}
+
+		dma->npage = npage;
+		dma->iova = iova;
+		dma->vaddr = vaddr;
+		dma->prot = prot;
+		list_add(&dma->list, &iommu->dma_list);
+	}
+
+out_lock:
+	mutex_unlock(&iommu->lock);
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static int vfio_iommu_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *filep)
+{
+	struct vfio_iommu *iommu = filep->private_data;
+
+	vfio_release_iommu(iommu);
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static long vfio_iommu_unl_ioctl(struct file *filep,
+				 unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
+{
+	struct vfio_iommu *iommu = filep->private_data;
+	unsigned long minsz;
+
+	if (cmd == VFIO_IOMMU_GET_INFO) {
+		struct vfio_iommu_info info;
+
+		minsz = offsetofend(struct vfio_iommu_info, iova_pgsizes);
+
+		if (copy_from_user(&info, (void __user *)arg, minsz))
+			return -EFAULT;
+
+		if (info.argsz < minsz)
+			return -EINVAL;
+
+		info.flags = 0;
+
+		/*
+		 * XXX Need to define an interface in IOMMU API for this.
+		 * Currently only compatible with x86 VT-d/AMD-Vi which
+		 * do page table based mapping and have no constraints here.
+		 */
+		info.iova_start = 0;
+		info.iova_size = ~info.iova_start;
+		info.iova_entries = ~info.iova_start;
+		info.iova_pgsizes = iommu->domain->ops->pgsize_bitmap;
+
+		return copy_to_user((void __user *)arg, &info, minsz);
+
+	} else if (cmd == VFIO_IOMMU_MAP_DMA) {
+		struct vfio_dma_map map;
+		uint32_t mask = VFIO_DMA_MAP_FLAG_READ |
+				VFIO_DMA_MAP_FLAG_WRITE;
+
+		minsz = offsetofend(struct vfio_dma_map, size);
+
+		if (copy_from_user(&map, (void __user *)arg, minsz))
+			return -EFAULT;
+
+		if (map.argsz < minsz || map.flags & ~mask)
+			return -EINVAL;
+
+		return vfio_dma_do_map(iommu, &map);
+
+	} else if (cmd == VFIO_IOMMU_UNMAP_DMA) {
+		struct vfio_dma_unmap unmap;
+
+		minsz = offsetofend(struct vfio_dma_unmap, size);
+
+		if (copy_from_user(&unmap, (void __user *)arg, minsz))
+			return -EFAULT;
+
+		if (unmap.argsz < minsz || unmap.flags)
+			return -EINVAL;
+
+		return vfio_dma_do_unmap(iommu, &unmap);
+	}
+
+	return -ENOTTY;
+}
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
+static long vfio_iommu_compat_ioctl(struct file *filep,
+				    unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
+{
+	arg = (unsigned long)compat_ptr(arg);
+	return vfio_iommu_unl_ioctl(filep, cmd, arg);
+}
+#endif	/* CONFIG_COMPAT */
+
+const struct file_operations vfio_iommu_fops = {
+	.owner		= THIS_MODULE,
+	.release	= vfio_iommu_release,
+	.unlocked_ioctl	= vfio_iommu_unl_ioctl,
+#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
+	.compat_ioctl	= vfio_iommu_compat_ioctl,
+#endif
+};