Patchwork [v6,3/4] Add cap reduction support to enable use as SUID

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Submitter Corey Bryant
Date Dec. 19, 2011, 1:11 p.m.
Message ID <1324300318-3419-4-git-send-email-coreyb@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/132224/
State New
Headers show

Comments

Corey Bryant - Dec. 19, 2011, 1:11 p.m.
The ideal way to use qemu-bridge-helper is to give it an fscap of using:

 setcap cap_net_admin=ep qemu-bridge-helper

Unfortunately, most distros still do not have a mechanism to package files
with fscaps applied.  This means they'll have to SUID the qemu-bridge-helper
binary.

To improve security, use libcap to reduce our capability set to just
cap_net_admin, then reduce privileges down to the calling user.  This is
hopefully close to equivalent to fscap support from a security perspective.

Signed-off-by: Anthony Liguori <aliguori@us.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Richa Marwaha <rmarwah@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Corey Bryant <coreyb@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
---
 configure            |   34 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 qemu-bridge-helper.c |   36 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 2 files changed, 70 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)

Patch

diff --git a/configure b/configure
index 6c3a2f3..6ed4196 100755
--- a/configure
+++ b/configure
@@ -133,6 +133,7 @@  vnc_thread="no"
 xen=""
 xen_ctrl_version=""
 linux_aio=""
+cap=""
 attr=""
 libattr=""
 xfs=""
@@ -668,6 +669,10 @@  for opt do
   ;;
   --enable-tcg-interpreter) tcg_interpreter="yes"
   ;;
+  --disable-cap)  cap="no"
+  ;;
+  --enable-cap) cap="yes"
+  ;;
   --disable-spice) spice="no"
   ;;
   --enable-spice) spice="yes"
@@ -1051,6 +1056,8 @@  echo "  --disable-vde            disable support for vde network"
 echo "  --enable-vde             enable support for vde network"
 echo "  --disable-linux-aio      disable Linux AIO support"
 echo "  --enable-linux-aio       enable Linux AIO support"
+echo "  --disable-cap            disable libcap-ng support"
+echo "  --enable-cap             enable libcap-ng support"
 echo "  --disable-attr           disables attr and xattr support"
 echo "  --enable-attr            enable attr and xattr support"
 echo "  --disable-blobs          disable installing provided firmware blobs"
@@ -1713,6 +1720,29 @@  EOF
 fi
 
 ##########################################
+# libcap-ng library probe
+if test "$cap" != "no" ; then
+  cap_libs="-lcap-ng"
+  cat > $TMPC << EOF
+#include <cap-ng.h>
+int main(void)
+{
+    capng_capability_to_name(CAPNG_EFFECTIVE);
+    return 0;
+}
+EOF
+  if compile_prog "" "$cap_libs" ; then
+    cap=yes
+    libs_tools="$cap_libs $libs_tools"
+  else
+    if test "$cap" = "yes" ; then
+      feature_not_found "cap"
+    fi
+    cap=no
+  fi
+fi
+
+##########################################
 # Sound support libraries probe
 
 audio_drv_probe()
@@ -2839,6 +2869,7 @@  echo "fdatasync         $fdatasync"
 echo "madvise           $madvise"
 echo "posix_madvise     $posix_madvise"
 echo "uuid support      $uuid"
+echo "libcap-ng support $cap"
 echo "vhost-net support $vhost_net"
 echo "Trace backend     $trace_backend"
 echo "Trace output file $trace_file-<pid>"
@@ -2957,6 +2988,9 @@  fi
 if test "$vde" = "yes" ; then
   echo "CONFIG_VDE=y" >> $config_host_mak
 fi
+if test "$cap" = "yes" ; then
+  echo "CONFIG_LIBCAP=y" >> $config_host_mak
+fi
 for card in $audio_card_list; do
     def=CONFIG_`echo $card | tr '[:lower:]' '[:upper:]'`
     echo "$def=y" >> $config_host_mak
diff --git a/qemu-bridge-helper.c b/qemu-bridge-helper.c
index 2f137c2..b52038d 100644
--- a/qemu-bridge-helper.c
+++ b/qemu-bridge-helper.c
@@ -37,6 +37,10 @@ 
 
 #include "net/tap-linux.h"
 
+#ifdef CONFIG_LIBCAP
+#include <cap-ng.h>
+#endif
+
 #define DEFAULT_ACL_FILE CONFIG_QEMU_CONFDIR "/bridge.conf"
 
 enum {
@@ -185,6 +189,27 @@  static int send_fd(int c, int fd)
     return sendmsg(c, &msg, 0);
 }
 
+#ifdef CONFIG_LIBCAP
+static int drop_privileges(void)
+{
+    /* clear all capabilities */
+    capng_clear(CAPNG_SELECT_BOTH);
+
+    if (capng_update(CAPNG_ADD, CAPNG_EFFECTIVE | CAPNG_PERMITTED,
+                     CAP_NET_ADMIN) < 0) {
+        return -1;
+    }
+
+    /* change to calling user's real uid and gid, retaining supplemental
+     * groups and CAP_NET_ADMIN */
+    if (capng_change_id(getuid(), getgid(), CAPNG_CLEAR_BOUNDING)) {
+        return -1;
+    }
+
+    return 0;
+}
+#endif
+
 int main(int argc, char **argv)
 {
     struct ifreq ifr;
@@ -199,6 +224,17 @@  int main(int argc, char **argv)
     int access_allowed, access_denied;
     int ret = EXIT_SUCCESS;
 
+#ifdef CONFIG_LIBCAP
+    /* if we're run from an suid binary, immediately drop privileges preserving
+     * cap_net_admin */
+    if (geteuid() == 0 && getuid() != geteuid()) {
+        if (drop_privileges() == -1) {
+            fprintf(stderr, "failed to drop privileges\n");
+            return 1;
+        }
+    }
+#endif
+
     /* parse arguments */
     if (argc < 3 || argc > 4) {
         fprintf(stderr, "Usage: %s [--use-vnet] BRIDGE FD\n", argv[0]);