Patchwork [10/10] libext2fs: add bitmap statistics

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Submitter Theodore Ts'o
Date Dec. 18, 2011, 6:42 a.m.
Message ID <1324190558-7436-11-git-send-email-tytso@mit.edu>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/132048/
State Accepted
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Comments

Theodore Ts'o - Dec. 18, 2011, 6:42 a.m.
From: Lukas Czerner <lczerner@redhat.com>

This feature is especially useful for better understanding how e2fsprogs
tools (mainly e2fsck) treats bitmaps and what bitmap backend can be most
suitable for particular bitmap. Backend itself (if implemented) can
provide statistics of its own as well.

[ Changed to provide basic statistics when enabled with the
  E2FSPROGS_BITMAPS_STATS environment variable -- tytso]

Signed-off-by: Lukas Czerner <lczerner@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu>
---
 lib/ext2fs/blkmap64_ba.c  |    8 +++
 lib/ext2fs/blkmap64_rb.c  |   85 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
 lib/ext2fs/bmap64.h       |   32 ++++++++++
 lib/ext2fs/ext2fs.h       |    4 +
 lib/ext2fs/gen_bitmap64.c |  140 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
 lib/ext2fs/icount.c       |    4 +-
 6 files changed, 265 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)
Lukas Czerner - Dec. 19, 2011, 11:43 a.m.
On Sun, 18 Dec 2011, Theodore Ts'o wrote:

> From: Lukas Czerner <lczerner@redhat.com>
> 
> This feature is especially useful for better understanding how e2fsprogs
> tools (mainly e2fsck) treats bitmaps and what bitmap backend can be most
> suitable for particular bitmap. Backend itself (if implemented) can
> provide statistics of its own as well.
> 
> [ Changed to provide basic statistics when enabled with the
>   E2FSPROGS_BITMAPS_STATS environment variable -- tytso]

Actually it is 'E2FSPROGS_BITMAP_STATS' so BITMAP instead of BITMAPS,
not sure what was intended.

-Lukas

> 
> Signed-off-by: Lukas Czerner <lczerner@redhat.com>
> Signed-off-by: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu>
> ---
>  lib/ext2fs/blkmap64_ba.c  |    8 +++
>  lib/ext2fs/blkmap64_rb.c  |   85 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
>  lib/ext2fs/bmap64.h       |   32 ++++++++++
>  lib/ext2fs/ext2fs.h       |    4 +
>  lib/ext2fs/gen_bitmap64.c |  140 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
>  lib/ext2fs/icount.c       |    4 +-
>  6 files changed, 265 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/lib/ext2fs/blkmap64_ba.c b/lib/ext2fs/blkmap64_ba.c
> index 9253af2..3f0c643 100644
> --- a/lib/ext2fs/blkmap64_ba.c
> +++ b/lib/ext2fs/blkmap64_ba.c
> @@ -310,6 +310,13 @@ static void ba_clear_bmap(ext2fs_generic_bitmap bitmap)
>  	       (size_t) (((bitmap->real_end - bitmap->start) / 8) + 1));
>  }
>  
> +static void ba_print_stats(ext2fs_generic_bitmap bitmap)
> +{
> +	fprintf(stderr, "%16llu Bytes used by bitarray\n",
> +		((bitmap->real_end - bitmap->start) >> 3) + 1 +
> +		sizeof(struct ext2fs_ba_private_struct));
> +}
> +
>  struct ext2_bitmap_ops ext2fs_blkmap64_bitarray = {
>  	.type = EXT2FS_BMAP64_BITARRAY,
>  	.new_bmap = ba_new_bmap,
> @@ -325,4 +332,5 @@ struct ext2_bitmap_ops ext2fs_blkmap64_bitarray = {
>  	.set_bmap_range = ba_set_bmap_range,
>  	.get_bmap_range = ba_get_bmap_range,
>  	.clear_bmap = ba_clear_bmap,
> +	.print_stats = ba_print_stats,
>  };
> diff --git a/lib/ext2fs/blkmap64_rb.c b/lib/ext2fs/blkmap64_rb.c
> index 31fc393..aba7cfd 100644
> --- a/lib/ext2fs/blkmap64_rb.c
> +++ b/lib/ext2fs/blkmap64_rb.c
> @@ -40,6 +40,10 @@ struct ext2fs_rb_private {
>  	struct rb_root root;
>  	struct bmap_rb_extent **wcursor;
>  	struct bmap_rb_extent **rcursor;
> +#ifdef BMAP_STATS_OPS
> +	__u64 mark_hit;
> +	__u64 test_hit;
> +#endif
>  };
>  
>  static int rb_insert_extent(__u64 start, __u64 count,
> @@ -170,6 +174,11 @@ static errcode_t rb_alloc_private_data (ext2fs_generic_bitmap bitmap)
>  	*bp->rcursor = NULL;
>  	*bp->wcursor = NULL;
>  
> +#ifdef BMAP_STATS_OPS
> +	bp->test_hit = 0;
> +	bp->mark_hit = 0;
> +#endif
> +
>  	bitmap->private = (void *) bp;
>  	return 0;
>  }
> @@ -315,8 +324,12 @@ rb_test_bit(struct ext2fs_rb_private *bp, __u64 bit)
>  	if (!rcursor)
>  		goto search_tree;
>  
> -	if (bit >= rcursor->start && bit < rcursor->start + rcursor->count)
> +	if (bit >= rcursor->start && bit < rcursor->start + rcursor->count) {
> +#ifdef BMAP_STATS_OPS
> +		bp->test_hit++;
> +#endif
>  		return 1;
> +	}
>  
>  	rcursor = *bp->wcursor;
>  	if (!rcursor)
> @@ -355,8 +368,12 @@ static int rb_insert_extent(__u64 start, __u64 count,
>  	ext = *bp->wcursor;
>  	if (ext) {
>  		if (start >= ext->start &&
> -		    start <= (ext->start + ext->count))
> +		    start <= (ext->start + ext->count)) {
> +#ifdef BMAP_STATS_OPS
> +			bp->mark_hit++;
> +#endif
>  			goto got_extent;
> +		}
>  	}
>  
>  	while (*n) {
> @@ -725,6 +742,69 @@ static void rb_clear_bmap(ext2fs_generic_bitmap bitmap)
>  	*bp->wcursor = NULL;
>  }
>  
> +#ifdef BMAP_STATS
> +static void rb_print_stats(ext2fs_generic_bitmap bitmap)
> +{
> +	struct ext2fs_rb_private *bp;
> +	struct rb_node *node = NULL;
> +	struct bmap_rb_extent *ext;
> +	__u64 count = 0;
> +	__u64 max_size = 0;
> +	__u64 min_size = ULONG_MAX;
> +	__u64 size = 0, avg_size = 0;
> +	__u64 mark_all, test_all;
> +	double eff, m_hit = 0.0, t_hit = 0.0;
> +
> +	bp = (struct ext2fs_rb_private *) bitmap->private;
> +
> +	node = ext2fs_rb_first(&bp->root);
> +	for (node = ext2fs_rb_first(&bp->root); node != NULL;
> +	     node = ext2fs_rb_next(node)) {
> +		ext = ext2fs_rb_entry(node, struct bmap_rb_extent, node);
> +		count++;
> +		if (ext->count > max_size)
> +			max_size = ext->count;
> +		if (ext->count < min_size)
> +			min_size = ext->count;
> +		size += ext->count;
> +	}
> +
> +	if (count)
> +		avg_size = size / count;
> +	if (min_size == ULONG_MAX)
> +		min_size = 0;
> +	eff = (double)((count * sizeof(struct bmap_rb_extent)) << 3) /
> +	      (bitmap->real_end - bitmap->start);
> +#ifdef BMAP_STATS_OPS
> +	mark_all = bitmap->stats.mark_count + bitmap->stats.mark_ext_count;
> +	test_all = bitmap->stats.test_count + bitmap->stats.test_ext_count;
> +	if (mark_all)
> +		m_hit = ((double)bp->mark_hit / mark_all) * 100;
> +	if (test_all)
> +		t_hit = ((double)bp->test_hit / test_all) * 100;
> +
> +	fprintf(stderr, "%16llu cache hits on test (%.2f%%)\n"
> +		"%16llu cache hits on mark (%.2f%%)\n",
> +		bp->test_hit, t_hit, bp->mark_hit, m_hit);
> +#endif
> +	fprintf(stderr, "%16llu extents (%llu bytes)\n",
> +		count, ((count * sizeof(struct bmap_rb_extent)) +
> +			sizeof(struct ext2fs_rb_private)));
> + 	fprintf(stderr, "%16llu bits minimum size\n",
> +		min_size);
> +	fprintf(stderr, "%16llu bits maximum size\n"
> +		"%16llu bits average size\n",
> +		max_size, avg_size);
> +	fprintf(stderr, "%16llu bits set in bitmap (out of %llu)\n", size,
> +		bitmap->real_end - bitmap->start);
> +	fprintf(stderr,
> +		"%16.4lf memory / bitmap bit memory ratio (bitarray = 1)\n",
> +		eff);
> +}
> +#else
> +static void rb_print_stats(ext2fs_generic_bitmap bitmap){}
> +#endif
> +
>  struct ext2_bitmap_ops ext2fs_blkmap64_rbtree = {
>  	.type = EXT2FS_BMAP64_RBTREE,
>  	.new_bmap = rb_new_bmap,
> @@ -740,4 +820,5 @@ struct ext2_bitmap_ops ext2fs_blkmap64_rbtree = {
>  	.set_bmap_range = rb_set_bmap_range,
>  	.get_bmap_range = rb_get_bmap_range,
>  	.clear_bmap = rb_clear_bmap,
> +	.print_stats = rb_print_stats,
>  };
> diff --git a/lib/ext2fs/bmap64.h b/lib/ext2fs/bmap64.h
> index 21d24ad..288e1b6 100644
> --- a/lib/ext2fs/bmap64.h
> +++ b/lib/ext2fs/bmap64.h
> @@ -9,6 +9,34 @@
>   * %End-Header%
>   */
>  
> +struct ext2_bmap_statistics {
> +	int		type;
> +	struct timeval	created;
> +
> +#ifdef BMAP_STATS_OPS
> +	unsigned long	copy_count;
> +	unsigned long	resize_count;
> +	unsigned long	mark_count;
> +	unsigned long	unmark_count;
> +	unsigned long	test_count;
> +	unsigned long	mark_ext_count;
> +	unsigned long	unmark_ext_count;
> +	unsigned long	test_ext_count;
> +	unsigned long	set_range_count;
> +	unsigned long	get_range_count;
> +	unsigned long	clear_count;
> +
> +	blk64_t		last_marked;
> +	blk64_t		last_tested;
> +	blk64_t		mark_back;
> +	blk64_t		test_back;
> +
> +	unsigned long	mark_seq;
> +	unsigned long	test_seq;
> +#endif /* BMAP_STATS_OPS */
> +};
> +
> +
>  struct ext2fs_struct_generic_bitmap {
>  	errcode_t		magic;
>  	ext2_filsys 		fs;
> @@ -20,6 +48,9 @@ struct ext2fs_struct_generic_bitmap {
>  	char			*description;
>  	void			*private;
>  	errcode_t		base_error_code;
> +#ifdef BMAP_STATS
> +	struct ext2_bmap_statistics	stats;
> +#endif
>  };
>  
>  #define EXT2FS_IS_32_BITMAP(bmap) \
> @@ -57,6 +88,7 @@ struct ext2_bitmap_ops {
>  	errcode_t (*get_bmap_range)(ext2fs_generic_bitmap bitmap,
>  				    __u64 start, size_t num, void *out);
>  	void (*clear_bmap)(ext2fs_generic_bitmap bitmap);
> +	void (*print_stats)(ext2fs_generic_bitmap);
>  };
>  
>  extern struct ext2_bitmap_ops ext2fs_blkmap64_bitarray;
> diff --git a/lib/ext2fs/ext2fs.h b/lib/ext2fs/ext2fs.h
> index 3f8333f..7343090 100644
> --- a/lib/ext2fs/ext2fs.h
> +++ b/lib/ext2fs/ext2fs.h
> @@ -1168,6 +1168,10 @@ extern errcode_t ext2fs_set_generic_bitmap_range(ext2fs_generic_bitmap bmap,
>  						 void *in);
>  
>  /* gen_bitmap64.c */
> +
> +/* Generate and print bitmap usage statistics */
> +#define BMAP_STATS
> +
>  void ext2fs_free_generic_bmap(ext2fs_generic_bitmap bmap);
>  errcode_t ext2fs_alloc_generic_bmap(ext2_filsys fs, errcode_t magic,
>  				    int type, __u64 start, __u64 end,
> diff --git a/lib/ext2fs/gen_bitmap64.c b/lib/ext2fs/gen_bitmap64.c
> index 9dcca03..bf1a76b 100644
> --- a/lib/ext2fs/gen_bitmap64.c
> +++ b/lib/ext2fs/gen_bitmap64.c
> @@ -77,6 +77,12 @@ static void warn_bitmap(ext2fs_generic_bitmap bitmap,
>  #endif
>  }
>  
> +#ifdef BMAP_STATS_OPS
> +#define INC_STAT(map, name) map->stats.name
> +#else
> +#define INC_STAT(map, name) ;;
> +#endif
> +
>  
>  errcode_t ext2fs_alloc_generic_bmap(ext2_filsys fs, errcode_t magic,
>  				    int type, __u64 start, __u64 end,
> @@ -110,11 +116,20 @@ errcode_t ext2fs_alloc_generic_bmap(ext2_filsys fs, errcode_t magic,
>  		return EINVAL;
>  	}
>  
> -	retval = ext2fs_get_mem(sizeof(struct ext2fs_struct_generic_bitmap),
> -				&bitmap);
> +	retval = ext2fs_get_memzero(sizeof(struct ext2fs_struct_generic_bitmap),
> +				    &bitmap);
>  	if (retval)
>  		return retval;
>  
> +#ifdef BMAP_STATS
> +	if (gettimeofday(&bitmap->stats.created,
> +			 (struct timezone *) NULL) == -1) {
> +		perror("gettimeofday");
> +		return 1;
> +	}
> +	bitmap->stats.type = type;
> +#endif
> +
>  	/* XXX factor out, repeated in copy_bmap */
>  	bitmap->magic = magic;
>  	bitmap->fs = fs;
> @@ -155,6 +170,71 @@ errcode_t ext2fs_alloc_generic_bmap(ext2_filsys fs, errcode_t magic,
>  	return 0;
>  }
>  
> +#ifdef BMAP_STATS
> +void ext2fs_print_bmap_statistics(ext2fs_generic_bitmap bitmap)
> +{
> +	struct ext2_bmap_statistics *stats = &bitmap->stats;
> +	float mark_seq_perc = 0.0, test_seq_perc = 0.0;
> +	float mark_back_perc = 0.0, test_back_perc = 0.0;
> +	double inuse;
> +	struct timeval now;
> +
> +#ifdef BMAP_STATS_OPS
> +	if (stats->test_count) {
> +		test_seq_perc = ((float)stats->test_seq /
> +				 stats->test_count) * 100;
> +		test_back_perc = ((float)stats->test_back /
> +				  stats->test_count) * 100;
> +	}
> +
> +	if (stats->mark_count) {
> +		mark_seq_perc = ((float)stats->mark_seq /
> +				 stats->mark_count) * 100;
> +		mark_back_perc = ((float)stats->mark_back /
> +				  stats->mark_count) * 100;
> +	}
> +#endif
> +
> +	if (gettimeofday(&now, (struct timezone *) NULL) == -1) {
> +		perror("gettimeofday");
> +		return;
> +	}
> +
> +	inuse = (double) now.tv_sec + \
> +		(((double) now.tv_usec) * 0.000001);
> +	inuse -= (double) stats->created.tv_sec + \
> +		(((double) stats->created.tv_usec) * 0.000001);
> +
> +	fprintf(stderr, "\n[+] %s bitmap (type %d)\n", bitmap->description,
> +		stats->type);
> +	fprintf(stderr, "=================================================\n");
> +#ifdef BMAP_STATS_OPS
> +	fprintf(stderr, "%16llu bits long\n",
> +		bitmap->real_end - bitmap->start);
> +	fprintf(stderr, "%16lu copy_bmap\n%16lu resize_bmap\n",
> +		stats->copy_count, stats->resize_count);
> +	fprintf(stderr, "%16lu mark bmap\n%16lu unmark_bmap\n",
> +		stats->mark_count, stats->unmark_count);
> +	fprintf(stderr, "%16lu test_bmap\n%16lu mark_bmap_extent\n",
> +		stats->test_count, stats->mark_ext_count);
> +	fprintf(stderr, "%16lu unmark_bmap_extent\n"
> +		"%16lu test_clear_bmap_extent\n",
> +		stats->unmark_ext_count, stats->test_ext_count);
> +	fprintf(stderr, "%16lu set_bmap_range\n%16lu set_bmap_range\n",
> +		stats->set_range_count, stats->get_range_count);
> +	fprintf(stderr, "%16lu clear_bmap\n%16lu contiguous bit test (%.2f%%)\n",
> +		stats->clear_count, stats->test_seq, test_seq_perc);
> +	fprintf(stderr, "%16lu contiguous bit mark (%.2f%%)\n"
> +		"%16llu bits tested backwards (%.2f%%)\n",
> +		stats->mark_seq, mark_seq_perc,
> +		stats->test_back, test_back_perc);
> +	fprintf(stderr, "%16llu bits marked backwards (%.2f%%)\n"
> +		"%16.2f seconds in use\n",
> +		stats->mark_back, mark_back_perc, inuse);
> +#endif /* BMAP_STATS_OPS */
> +}
> +#endif
> +
>  void ext2fs_free_generic_bmap(ext2fs_generic_bitmap bmap)
>  {
>  	if (!bmap)
> @@ -168,6 +248,13 @@ void ext2fs_free_generic_bmap(ext2fs_generic_bitmap bmap)
>  	if (!EXT2FS_IS_64_BITMAP(bmap))
>  		return;
>  
> +#ifdef BMAP_STATS
> +	if (getenv("E2FSPROGS_BITMAP_STATS")) {
> +		ext2fs_print_bmap_statistics(bmap);
> +		bmap->bitmap_ops->print_stats(bmap);
> +	}
> +#endif
> +
>  	bmap->bitmap_ops->free_bmap(bmap);
>  
>  	if (bmap->description) {
> @@ -195,11 +282,24 @@ errcode_t ext2fs_copy_generic_bmap(ext2fs_generic_bitmap src,
>  		return EINVAL;
>  
>  	/* Allocate a new bitmap struct */
> -	retval = ext2fs_get_mem(sizeof(struct ext2fs_struct_generic_bitmap),
> -				&new_bmap);
> +	retval = ext2fs_get_memzero(sizeof(struct ext2fs_struct_generic_bitmap),
> +				    &new_bmap);
>  	if (retval)
>  		return retval;
>  
> +
> +#ifdef BMAP_STATS_OPS
> +	src->stats.copy_count++;
> +#endif
> +#ifdef BMAP_STATS
> +	if (gettimeofday(&new_bmap->stats.created,
> +			 (struct timezone *) NULL) == -1) {
> +		perror("gettimeofday");
> +		return 1;
> +	}
> +	new_bmap->stats.type = src->stats.type;
> +#endif
> +
>  	/* Copy all the high-level parts over */
>  	new_bmap->magic = src->magic;
>  	new_bmap->fs = src->fs;
> @@ -247,6 +347,8 @@ errcode_t ext2fs_resize_generic_bmap(ext2fs_generic_bitmap bmap,
>  	if (!EXT2FS_IS_64_BITMAP(bmap))
>  		return EINVAL;
>  
> +	INC_STAT(bmap, resize_count);
> +
>  	return bmap->bitmap_ops->resize_bmap(bmap, new_end, new_real_end);
>  }
>  
> @@ -335,6 +437,15 @@ int ext2fs_mark_generic_bmap(ext2fs_generic_bitmap bitmap,
>  
>  	arg >>= bitmap->cluster_bits;
>  
> +#ifdef BMAP_STATS_OPS
> +	if (arg == bitmap->stats.last_marked + 1)
> +		bitmap->stats.mark_seq++;
> +	if (arg < bitmap->stats.last_marked)
> +		bitmap->stats.mark_back++;
> +	bitmap->stats.last_marked = arg;
> +	bitmap->stats.mark_count++;
> +#endif
> +
>  	if ((arg < bitmap->start) || (arg > bitmap->end)) {
>  		warn_bitmap(bitmap, EXT2FS_MARK_ERROR, arg);
>  		return 0;
> @@ -363,6 +474,8 @@ int ext2fs_unmark_generic_bmap(ext2fs_generic_bitmap bitmap,
>  
>  	arg >>= bitmap->cluster_bits;
>  
> +	INC_STAT(bitmap, unmark_count);
> +
>  	if ((arg < bitmap->start) || (arg > bitmap->end)) {
>  		warn_bitmap(bitmap, EXT2FS_UNMARK_ERROR, arg);
>  		return 0;
> @@ -391,6 +504,15 @@ int ext2fs_test_generic_bmap(ext2fs_generic_bitmap bitmap,
>  
>  	arg >>= bitmap->cluster_bits;
>  
> +#ifdef BMAP_STATS_OPS
> +	bitmap->stats.test_count++;
> +	if (arg == bitmap->stats.last_tested + 1)
> +		bitmap->stats.test_seq++;
> +	if (arg < bitmap->stats.last_tested)
> +		bitmap->stats.test_back++;
> +	bitmap->stats.last_tested = arg;
> +#endif
> +
>  	if ((arg < bitmap->start) || (arg > bitmap->end)) {
>  		warn_bitmap(bitmap, EXT2FS_TEST_ERROR, arg);
>  		return 0;
> @@ -419,6 +541,8 @@ errcode_t ext2fs_set_generic_bmap_range(ext2fs_generic_bitmap bmap,
>  	if (!EXT2FS_IS_64_BITMAP(bmap))
>  		return EINVAL;
>  
> +	INC_STAT(bmap, set_range_count);
> +
>  	return bmap->bitmap_ops->set_bmap_range(bmap, start, num, in);
>  }
>  
> @@ -442,6 +566,8 @@ errcode_t ext2fs_get_generic_bmap_range(ext2fs_generic_bitmap bmap,
>  	if (!EXT2FS_IS_64_BITMAP(bmap))
>  		return EINVAL;
>  
> +	INC_STAT(bmap, get_range_count);
> +
>  	return bmap->bitmap_ops->get_bmap_range(bmap, start, num, out);
>  }
>  
> @@ -513,6 +639,8 @@ int ext2fs_test_block_bitmap_range2(ext2fs_block_bitmap bmap,
>  	if (!EXT2FS_IS_64_BITMAP(bmap))
>  		return EINVAL;
>  
> +	INC_STAT(bmap, test_ext_count);
> +
>  	return bmap->bitmap_ops->test_clear_bmap_extent(bmap, block, num);
>  }
>  
> @@ -535,6 +663,8 @@ void ext2fs_mark_block_bitmap_range2(ext2fs_block_bitmap bmap,
>  	if (!EXT2FS_IS_64_BITMAP(bmap))
>  		return;
>  
> +	INC_STAT(bmap, mark_ext_count);
> +
>  	if ((block < bmap->start) || (block+num-1 > bmap->end)) {
>  		ext2fs_warn_bitmap(EXT2_ET_BAD_BLOCK_MARK, block,
>  				   bmap->description);
> @@ -563,6 +693,8 @@ void ext2fs_unmark_block_bitmap_range2(ext2fs_block_bitmap bmap,
>  	if (!EXT2FS_IS_64_BITMAP(bmap))
>  		return;
>  
> +	INC_STAT(bmap, unmark_ext_count);
> +
>  	if ((block < bmap->start) || (block+num-1 > bmap->end)) {
>  		ext2fs_warn_bitmap(EXT2_ET_BAD_BLOCK_UNMARK, block,
>  				   bmap->description);
> diff --git a/lib/ext2fs/icount.c b/lib/ext2fs/icount.c
> index 5d64ac4..8b46eda 100644
> --- a/lib/ext2fs/icount.c
> +++ b/lib/ext2fs/icount.c
> @@ -104,12 +104,12 @@ static errcode_t alloc_icount(ext2_filsys fs, int flags, ext2_icount_t *ret)
>  		return retval;
>  	memset(icount, 0, sizeof(struct ext2_icount));
>  
> -	retval = ext2fs_allocate_inode_bitmap(fs, 0, &icount->single);
> +	retval = ext2fs_allocate_inode_bitmap(fs, "icount", &icount->single);
>  	if (retval)
>  		goto errout;
>  
>  	if (flags & EXT2_ICOUNT_OPT_INCREMENT) {
> -		retval = ext2fs_allocate_inode_bitmap(fs, 0,
> +		retval = ext2fs_allocate_inode_bitmap(fs, "icount_inc",
>  						      &icount->multiple);
>  		if (retval)
>  			goto errout;
>

Patch

diff --git a/lib/ext2fs/blkmap64_ba.c b/lib/ext2fs/blkmap64_ba.c
index 9253af2..3f0c643 100644
--- a/lib/ext2fs/blkmap64_ba.c
+++ b/lib/ext2fs/blkmap64_ba.c
@@ -310,6 +310,13 @@  static void ba_clear_bmap(ext2fs_generic_bitmap bitmap)
 	       (size_t) (((bitmap->real_end - bitmap->start) / 8) + 1));
 }
 
+static void ba_print_stats(ext2fs_generic_bitmap bitmap)
+{
+	fprintf(stderr, "%16llu Bytes used by bitarray\n",
+		((bitmap->real_end - bitmap->start) >> 3) + 1 +
+		sizeof(struct ext2fs_ba_private_struct));
+}
+
 struct ext2_bitmap_ops ext2fs_blkmap64_bitarray = {
 	.type = EXT2FS_BMAP64_BITARRAY,
 	.new_bmap = ba_new_bmap,
@@ -325,4 +332,5 @@  struct ext2_bitmap_ops ext2fs_blkmap64_bitarray = {
 	.set_bmap_range = ba_set_bmap_range,
 	.get_bmap_range = ba_get_bmap_range,
 	.clear_bmap = ba_clear_bmap,
+	.print_stats = ba_print_stats,
 };
diff --git a/lib/ext2fs/blkmap64_rb.c b/lib/ext2fs/blkmap64_rb.c
index 31fc393..aba7cfd 100644
--- a/lib/ext2fs/blkmap64_rb.c
+++ b/lib/ext2fs/blkmap64_rb.c
@@ -40,6 +40,10 @@  struct ext2fs_rb_private {
 	struct rb_root root;
 	struct bmap_rb_extent **wcursor;
 	struct bmap_rb_extent **rcursor;
+#ifdef BMAP_STATS_OPS
+	__u64 mark_hit;
+	__u64 test_hit;
+#endif
 };
 
 static int rb_insert_extent(__u64 start, __u64 count,
@@ -170,6 +174,11 @@  static errcode_t rb_alloc_private_data (ext2fs_generic_bitmap bitmap)
 	*bp->rcursor = NULL;
 	*bp->wcursor = NULL;
 
+#ifdef BMAP_STATS_OPS
+	bp->test_hit = 0;
+	bp->mark_hit = 0;
+#endif
+
 	bitmap->private = (void *) bp;
 	return 0;
 }
@@ -315,8 +324,12 @@  rb_test_bit(struct ext2fs_rb_private *bp, __u64 bit)
 	if (!rcursor)
 		goto search_tree;
 
-	if (bit >= rcursor->start && bit < rcursor->start + rcursor->count)
+	if (bit >= rcursor->start && bit < rcursor->start + rcursor->count) {
+#ifdef BMAP_STATS_OPS
+		bp->test_hit++;
+#endif
 		return 1;
+	}
 
 	rcursor = *bp->wcursor;
 	if (!rcursor)
@@ -355,8 +368,12 @@  static int rb_insert_extent(__u64 start, __u64 count,
 	ext = *bp->wcursor;
 	if (ext) {
 		if (start >= ext->start &&
-		    start <= (ext->start + ext->count))
+		    start <= (ext->start + ext->count)) {
+#ifdef BMAP_STATS_OPS
+			bp->mark_hit++;
+#endif
 			goto got_extent;
+		}
 	}
 
 	while (*n) {
@@ -725,6 +742,69 @@  static void rb_clear_bmap(ext2fs_generic_bitmap bitmap)
 	*bp->wcursor = NULL;
 }
 
+#ifdef BMAP_STATS
+static void rb_print_stats(ext2fs_generic_bitmap bitmap)
+{
+	struct ext2fs_rb_private *bp;
+	struct rb_node *node = NULL;
+	struct bmap_rb_extent *ext;
+	__u64 count = 0;
+	__u64 max_size = 0;
+	__u64 min_size = ULONG_MAX;
+	__u64 size = 0, avg_size = 0;
+	__u64 mark_all, test_all;
+	double eff, m_hit = 0.0, t_hit = 0.0;
+
+	bp = (struct ext2fs_rb_private *) bitmap->private;
+
+	node = ext2fs_rb_first(&bp->root);
+	for (node = ext2fs_rb_first(&bp->root); node != NULL;
+	     node = ext2fs_rb_next(node)) {
+		ext = ext2fs_rb_entry(node, struct bmap_rb_extent, node);
+		count++;
+		if (ext->count > max_size)
+			max_size = ext->count;
+		if (ext->count < min_size)
+			min_size = ext->count;
+		size += ext->count;
+	}
+
+	if (count)
+		avg_size = size / count;
+	if (min_size == ULONG_MAX)
+		min_size = 0;
+	eff = (double)((count * sizeof(struct bmap_rb_extent)) << 3) /
+	      (bitmap->real_end - bitmap->start);
+#ifdef BMAP_STATS_OPS
+	mark_all = bitmap->stats.mark_count + bitmap->stats.mark_ext_count;
+	test_all = bitmap->stats.test_count + bitmap->stats.test_ext_count;
+	if (mark_all)
+		m_hit = ((double)bp->mark_hit / mark_all) * 100;
+	if (test_all)
+		t_hit = ((double)bp->test_hit / test_all) * 100;
+
+	fprintf(stderr, "%16llu cache hits on test (%.2f%%)\n"
+		"%16llu cache hits on mark (%.2f%%)\n",
+		bp->test_hit, t_hit, bp->mark_hit, m_hit);
+#endif
+	fprintf(stderr, "%16llu extents (%llu bytes)\n",
+		count, ((count * sizeof(struct bmap_rb_extent)) +
+			sizeof(struct ext2fs_rb_private)));
+ 	fprintf(stderr, "%16llu bits minimum size\n",
+		min_size);
+	fprintf(stderr, "%16llu bits maximum size\n"
+		"%16llu bits average size\n",
+		max_size, avg_size);
+	fprintf(stderr, "%16llu bits set in bitmap (out of %llu)\n", size,
+		bitmap->real_end - bitmap->start);
+	fprintf(stderr,
+		"%16.4lf memory / bitmap bit memory ratio (bitarray = 1)\n",
+		eff);
+}
+#else
+static void rb_print_stats(ext2fs_generic_bitmap bitmap){}
+#endif
+
 struct ext2_bitmap_ops ext2fs_blkmap64_rbtree = {
 	.type = EXT2FS_BMAP64_RBTREE,
 	.new_bmap = rb_new_bmap,
@@ -740,4 +820,5 @@  struct ext2_bitmap_ops ext2fs_blkmap64_rbtree = {
 	.set_bmap_range = rb_set_bmap_range,
 	.get_bmap_range = rb_get_bmap_range,
 	.clear_bmap = rb_clear_bmap,
+	.print_stats = rb_print_stats,
 };
diff --git a/lib/ext2fs/bmap64.h b/lib/ext2fs/bmap64.h
index 21d24ad..288e1b6 100644
--- a/lib/ext2fs/bmap64.h
+++ b/lib/ext2fs/bmap64.h
@@ -9,6 +9,34 @@ 
  * %End-Header%
  */
 
+struct ext2_bmap_statistics {
+	int		type;
+	struct timeval	created;
+
+#ifdef BMAP_STATS_OPS
+	unsigned long	copy_count;
+	unsigned long	resize_count;
+	unsigned long	mark_count;
+	unsigned long	unmark_count;
+	unsigned long	test_count;
+	unsigned long	mark_ext_count;
+	unsigned long	unmark_ext_count;
+	unsigned long	test_ext_count;
+	unsigned long	set_range_count;
+	unsigned long	get_range_count;
+	unsigned long	clear_count;
+
+	blk64_t		last_marked;
+	blk64_t		last_tested;
+	blk64_t		mark_back;
+	blk64_t		test_back;
+
+	unsigned long	mark_seq;
+	unsigned long	test_seq;
+#endif /* BMAP_STATS_OPS */
+};
+
+
 struct ext2fs_struct_generic_bitmap {
 	errcode_t		magic;
 	ext2_filsys 		fs;
@@ -20,6 +48,9 @@  struct ext2fs_struct_generic_bitmap {
 	char			*description;
 	void			*private;
 	errcode_t		base_error_code;
+#ifdef BMAP_STATS
+	struct ext2_bmap_statistics	stats;
+#endif
 };
 
 #define EXT2FS_IS_32_BITMAP(bmap) \
@@ -57,6 +88,7 @@  struct ext2_bitmap_ops {
 	errcode_t (*get_bmap_range)(ext2fs_generic_bitmap bitmap,
 				    __u64 start, size_t num, void *out);
 	void (*clear_bmap)(ext2fs_generic_bitmap bitmap);
+	void (*print_stats)(ext2fs_generic_bitmap);
 };
 
 extern struct ext2_bitmap_ops ext2fs_blkmap64_bitarray;
diff --git a/lib/ext2fs/ext2fs.h b/lib/ext2fs/ext2fs.h
index 3f8333f..7343090 100644
--- a/lib/ext2fs/ext2fs.h
+++ b/lib/ext2fs/ext2fs.h
@@ -1168,6 +1168,10 @@  extern errcode_t ext2fs_set_generic_bitmap_range(ext2fs_generic_bitmap bmap,
 						 void *in);
 
 /* gen_bitmap64.c */
+
+/* Generate and print bitmap usage statistics */
+#define BMAP_STATS
+
 void ext2fs_free_generic_bmap(ext2fs_generic_bitmap bmap);
 errcode_t ext2fs_alloc_generic_bmap(ext2_filsys fs, errcode_t magic,
 				    int type, __u64 start, __u64 end,
diff --git a/lib/ext2fs/gen_bitmap64.c b/lib/ext2fs/gen_bitmap64.c
index 9dcca03..bf1a76b 100644
--- a/lib/ext2fs/gen_bitmap64.c
+++ b/lib/ext2fs/gen_bitmap64.c
@@ -77,6 +77,12 @@  static void warn_bitmap(ext2fs_generic_bitmap bitmap,
 #endif
 }
 
+#ifdef BMAP_STATS_OPS
+#define INC_STAT(map, name) map->stats.name
+#else
+#define INC_STAT(map, name) ;;
+#endif
+
 
 errcode_t ext2fs_alloc_generic_bmap(ext2_filsys fs, errcode_t magic,
 				    int type, __u64 start, __u64 end,
@@ -110,11 +116,20 @@  errcode_t ext2fs_alloc_generic_bmap(ext2_filsys fs, errcode_t magic,
 		return EINVAL;
 	}
 
-	retval = ext2fs_get_mem(sizeof(struct ext2fs_struct_generic_bitmap),
-				&bitmap);
+	retval = ext2fs_get_memzero(sizeof(struct ext2fs_struct_generic_bitmap),
+				    &bitmap);
 	if (retval)
 		return retval;
 
+#ifdef BMAP_STATS
+	if (gettimeofday(&bitmap->stats.created,
+			 (struct timezone *) NULL) == -1) {
+		perror("gettimeofday");
+		return 1;
+	}
+	bitmap->stats.type = type;
+#endif
+
 	/* XXX factor out, repeated in copy_bmap */
 	bitmap->magic = magic;
 	bitmap->fs = fs;
@@ -155,6 +170,71 @@  errcode_t ext2fs_alloc_generic_bmap(ext2_filsys fs, errcode_t magic,
 	return 0;
 }
 
+#ifdef BMAP_STATS
+void ext2fs_print_bmap_statistics(ext2fs_generic_bitmap bitmap)
+{
+	struct ext2_bmap_statistics *stats = &bitmap->stats;
+	float mark_seq_perc = 0.0, test_seq_perc = 0.0;
+	float mark_back_perc = 0.0, test_back_perc = 0.0;
+	double inuse;
+	struct timeval now;
+
+#ifdef BMAP_STATS_OPS
+	if (stats->test_count) {
+		test_seq_perc = ((float)stats->test_seq /
+				 stats->test_count) * 100;
+		test_back_perc = ((float)stats->test_back /
+				  stats->test_count) * 100;
+	}
+
+	if (stats->mark_count) {
+		mark_seq_perc = ((float)stats->mark_seq /
+				 stats->mark_count) * 100;
+		mark_back_perc = ((float)stats->mark_back /
+				  stats->mark_count) * 100;
+	}
+#endif
+
+	if (gettimeofday(&now, (struct timezone *) NULL) == -1) {
+		perror("gettimeofday");
+		return;
+	}
+
+	inuse = (double) now.tv_sec + \
+		(((double) now.tv_usec) * 0.000001);
+	inuse -= (double) stats->created.tv_sec + \
+		(((double) stats->created.tv_usec) * 0.000001);
+
+	fprintf(stderr, "\n[+] %s bitmap (type %d)\n", bitmap->description,
+		stats->type);
+	fprintf(stderr, "=================================================\n");
+#ifdef BMAP_STATS_OPS
+	fprintf(stderr, "%16llu bits long\n",
+		bitmap->real_end - bitmap->start);
+	fprintf(stderr, "%16lu copy_bmap\n%16lu resize_bmap\n",
+		stats->copy_count, stats->resize_count);
+	fprintf(stderr, "%16lu mark bmap\n%16lu unmark_bmap\n",
+		stats->mark_count, stats->unmark_count);
+	fprintf(stderr, "%16lu test_bmap\n%16lu mark_bmap_extent\n",
+		stats->test_count, stats->mark_ext_count);
+	fprintf(stderr, "%16lu unmark_bmap_extent\n"
+		"%16lu test_clear_bmap_extent\n",
+		stats->unmark_ext_count, stats->test_ext_count);
+	fprintf(stderr, "%16lu set_bmap_range\n%16lu set_bmap_range\n",
+		stats->set_range_count, stats->get_range_count);
+	fprintf(stderr, "%16lu clear_bmap\n%16lu contiguous bit test (%.2f%%)\n",
+		stats->clear_count, stats->test_seq, test_seq_perc);
+	fprintf(stderr, "%16lu contiguous bit mark (%.2f%%)\n"
+		"%16llu bits tested backwards (%.2f%%)\n",
+		stats->mark_seq, mark_seq_perc,
+		stats->test_back, test_back_perc);
+	fprintf(stderr, "%16llu bits marked backwards (%.2f%%)\n"
+		"%16.2f seconds in use\n",
+		stats->mark_back, mark_back_perc, inuse);
+#endif /* BMAP_STATS_OPS */
+}
+#endif
+
 void ext2fs_free_generic_bmap(ext2fs_generic_bitmap bmap)
 {
 	if (!bmap)
@@ -168,6 +248,13 @@  void ext2fs_free_generic_bmap(ext2fs_generic_bitmap bmap)
 	if (!EXT2FS_IS_64_BITMAP(bmap))
 		return;
 
+#ifdef BMAP_STATS
+	if (getenv("E2FSPROGS_BITMAP_STATS")) {
+		ext2fs_print_bmap_statistics(bmap);
+		bmap->bitmap_ops->print_stats(bmap);
+	}
+#endif
+
 	bmap->bitmap_ops->free_bmap(bmap);
 
 	if (bmap->description) {
@@ -195,11 +282,24 @@  errcode_t ext2fs_copy_generic_bmap(ext2fs_generic_bitmap src,
 		return EINVAL;
 
 	/* Allocate a new bitmap struct */
-	retval = ext2fs_get_mem(sizeof(struct ext2fs_struct_generic_bitmap),
-				&new_bmap);
+	retval = ext2fs_get_memzero(sizeof(struct ext2fs_struct_generic_bitmap),
+				    &new_bmap);
 	if (retval)
 		return retval;
 
+
+#ifdef BMAP_STATS_OPS
+	src->stats.copy_count++;
+#endif
+#ifdef BMAP_STATS
+	if (gettimeofday(&new_bmap->stats.created,
+			 (struct timezone *) NULL) == -1) {
+		perror("gettimeofday");
+		return 1;
+	}
+	new_bmap->stats.type = src->stats.type;
+#endif
+
 	/* Copy all the high-level parts over */
 	new_bmap->magic = src->magic;
 	new_bmap->fs = src->fs;
@@ -247,6 +347,8 @@  errcode_t ext2fs_resize_generic_bmap(ext2fs_generic_bitmap bmap,
 	if (!EXT2FS_IS_64_BITMAP(bmap))
 		return EINVAL;
 
+	INC_STAT(bmap, resize_count);
+
 	return bmap->bitmap_ops->resize_bmap(bmap, new_end, new_real_end);
 }
 
@@ -335,6 +437,15 @@  int ext2fs_mark_generic_bmap(ext2fs_generic_bitmap bitmap,
 
 	arg >>= bitmap->cluster_bits;
 
+#ifdef BMAP_STATS_OPS
+	if (arg == bitmap->stats.last_marked + 1)
+		bitmap->stats.mark_seq++;
+	if (arg < bitmap->stats.last_marked)
+		bitmap->stats.mark_back++;
+	bitmap->stats.last_marked = arg;
+	bitmap->stats.mark_count++;
+#endif
+
 	if ((arg < bitmap->start) || (arg > bitmap->end)) {
 		warn_bitmap(bitmap, EXT2FS_MARK_ERROR, arg);
 		return 0;
@@ -363,6 +474,8 @@  int ext2fs_unmark_generic_bmap(ext2fs_generic_bitmap bitmap,
 
 	arg >>= bitmap->cluster_bits;
 
+	INC_STAT(bitmap, unmark_count);
+
 	if ((arg < bitmap->start) || (arg > bitmap->end)) {
 		warn_bitmap(bitmap, EXT2FS_UNMARK_ERROR, arg);
 		return 0;
@@ -391,6 +504,15 @@  int ext2fs_test_generic_bmap(ext2fs_generic_bitmap bitmap,
 
 	arg >>= bitmap->cluster_bits;
 
+#ifdef BMAP_STATS_OPS
+	bitmap->stats.test_count++;
+	if (arg == bitmap->stats.last_tested + 1)
+		bitmap->stats.test_seq++;
+	if (arg < bitmap->stats.last_tested)
+		bitmap->stats.test_back++;
+	bitmap->stats.last_tested = arg;
+#endif
+
 	if ((arg < bitmap->start) || (arg > bitmap->end)) {
 		warn_bitmap(bitmap, EXT2FS_TEST_ERROR, arg);
 		return 0;
@@ -419,6 +541,8 @@  errcode_t ext2fs_set_generic_bmap_range(ext2fs_generic_bitmap bmap,
 	if (!EXT2FS_IS_64_BITMAP(bmap))
 		return EINVAL;
 
+	INC_STAT(bmap, set_range_count);
+
 	return bmap->bitmap_ops->set_bmap_range(bmap, start, num, in);
 }
 
@@ -442,6 +566,8 @@  errcode_t ext2fs_get_generic_bmap_range(ext2fs_generic_bitmap bmap,
 	if (!EXT2FS_IS_64_BITMAP(bmap))
 		return EINVAL;
 
+	INC_STAT(bmap, get_range_count);
+
 	return bmap->bitmap_ops->get_bmap_range(bmap, start, num, out);
 }
 
@@ -513,6 +639,8 @@  int ext2fs_test_block_bitmap_range2(ext2fs_block_bitmap bmap,
 	if (!EXT2FS_IS_64_BITMAP(bmap))
 		return EINVAL;
 
+	INC_STAT(bmap, test_ext_count);
+
 	return bmap->bitmap_ops->test_clear_bmap_extent(bmap, block, num);
 }
 
@@ -535,6 +663,8 @@  void ext2fs_mark_block_bitmap_range2(ext2fs_block_bitmap bmap,
 	if (!EXT2FS_IS_64_BITMAP(bmap))
 		return;
 
+	INC_STAT(bmap, mark_ext_count);
+
 	if ((block < bmap->start) || (block+num-1 > bmap->end)) {
 		ext2fs_warn_bitmap(EXT2_ET_BAD_BLOCK_MARK, block,
 				   bmap->description);
@@ -563,6 +693,8 @@  void ext2fs_unmark_block_bitmap_range2(ext2fs_block_bitmap bmap,
 	if (!EXT2FS_IS_64_BITMAP(bmap))
 		return;
 
+	INC_STAT(bmap, unmark_ext_count);
+
 	if ((block < bmap->start) || (block+num-1 > bmap->end)) {
 		ext2fs_warn_bitmap(EXT2_ET_BAD_BLOCK_UNMARK, block,
 				   bmap->description);
diff --git a/lib/ext2fs/icount.c b/lib/ext2fs/icount.c
index 5d64ac4..8b46eda 100644
--- a/lib/ext2fs/icount.c
+++ b/lib/ext2fs/icount.c
@@ -104,12 +104,12 @@  static errcode_t alloc_icount(ext2_filsys fs, int flags, ext2_icount_t *ret)
 		return retval;
 	memset(icount, 0, sizeof(struct ext2_icount));
 
-	retval = ext2fs_allocate_inode_bitmap(fs, 0, &icount->single);
+	retval = ext2fs_allocate_inode_bitmap(fs, "icount", &icount->single);
 	if (retval)
 		goto errout;
 
 	if (flags & EXT2_ICOUNT_OPT_INCREMENT) {
-		retval = ext2fs_allocate_inode_bitmap(fs, 0,
+		retval = ext2fs_allocate_inode_bitmap(fs, "icount_inc",
 						      &icount->multiple);
 		if (retval)
 			goto errout;