Patchwork [1/3] scsi: fix potential dead lock for host runtime pm

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Submitter Lin Ming
Date Nov. 2, 2011, 6:21 a.m.
Message ID <1320214900-2112-2-git-send-email-ming.m.lin@intel.com>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/123229/
State Not Applicable
Delegated to: David Miller
Headers show

Comments

Lin Ming - Nov. 2, 2011, 6:21 a.m.
In later patch hooks will be added to do ata port runtime pm through scsi layer.
libata schedules scsi EH to handle suspend, then dead lock happens
because scsi EH in turn waits for the ongoing suspend, as below.

<scsi host runtime suspend>
 scsi_autopm_put_host
   pm_runtime_put_sync
     <scsi_host runtime pm status updated to RPM_SUSPENDING>
     ......
       <call libata hook to do suspend>
         <wake up scsi EH to handle suspend>
         <wait for scsi EH ...>

<scsi EH wake up>
 scsi_error_handler
   <resume scsi host>
   scsi_autopm_get_host
     pm_runtime_get_sync
     .....
       <sleep to wait for the ongoing scsi host suspend>

This patch fixes the dead lock by checking if there is ongoing runtime PM request.
If there is ongoing runtime PM request, scsi_autopm_get_host_noresume is called to
increase the usage count, but don't resume the host.

Signed-off-by: Lin Ming <ming.m.lin@intel.com>
---
 drivers/scsi/scsi_error.c |    4 +++-
 drivers/scsi/scsi_pm.c    |   11 +++++++++++
 drivers/scsi/scsi_priv.h  |    2 ++
 3 files changed, 16 insertions(+), 1 deletions(-)
Alan Stern - Nov. 2, 2011, 2:41 p.m.
On Wed, 2 Nov 2011, Lin Ming wrote:

> In later patch hooks will be added to do ata port runtime pm through scsi layer.
> libata schedules scsi EH to handle suspend, then dead lock happens
> because scsi EH in turn waits for the ongoing suspend, as below.
> 
> <scsi host runtime suspend>
>  scsi_autopm_put_host
>    pm_runtime_put_sync
>      <scsi_host runtime pm status updated to RPM_SUSPENDING>
>      ......
>        <call libata hook to do suspend>
>          <wake up scsi EH to handle suspend>
>          <wait for scsi EH ...>
> 
> <scsi EH wake up>
>  scsi_error_handler
>    <resume scsi host>
>    scsi_autopm_get_host
>      pm_runtime_get_sync
>      .....
>        <sleep to wait for the ongoing scsi host suspend>
> 
> This patch fixes the dead lock by checking if there is ongoing runtime PM request.
> If there is ongoing runtime PM request, scsi_autopm_get_host_noresume is called to
> increase the usage count, but don't resume the host.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Lin Ming <ming.m.lin@intel.com>
> ---
>  drivers/scsi/scsi_error.c |    4 +++-
>  drivers/scsi/scsi_pm.c    |   11 +++++++++++
>  drivers/scsi/scsi_priv.h  |    2 ++
>  3 files changed, 16 insertions(+), 1 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/drivers/scsi/scsi_error.c b/drivers/scsi/scsi_error.c
> index a4b9cdb..d35d8f7 100644
> --- a/drivers/scsi/scsi_error.c
> +++ b/drivers/scsi/scsi_error.c
> @@ -1804,7 +1804,9 @@ int scsi_error_handler(void *data)
>  		 * what we need to do to get it up and online again (if we can).
>  		 * If we fail, we end up taking the thing offline.
>  		 */
> -		if (scsi_autopm_get_host(shost) != 0) {
> +		if (scsi_autopm_host_busy(shost))
> +			scsi_autopm_get_host_noresume(shost);
> +		else if (scsi_autopm_get_host(shost) != 0) {
>  			SCSI_LOG_ERROR_RECOVERY(1,
>  				printk(KERN_ERR "Error handler scsi_eh_%d "
>  						"unable to autoresume\n",

Here's what I'm worried about:  Suppose during normal operation, an 
error occurs.  When the command is completed, runtime PM might start to 
suspend the host.  But then the error-handler thread starts up, and 
of course it needs the host to be powered-up in order to recover from 
the error.  The code you're adding could prevent this from working.

What we really need is a way to prevent host from going into runtime
suspend while the error-handler is pending or running.  Do you have any
ideas on how to do this?

> diff --git a/drivers/scsi/scsi_pm.c b/drivers/scsi/scsi_pm.c
> index d82a023a..1be6c5a 100644
> --- a/drivers/scsi/scsi_pm.c
> +++ b/drivers/scsi/scsi_pm.c
> @@ -185,6 +185,17 @@ void scsi_autopm_put_host(struct Scsi_Host *shost)
>  	pm_runtime_put_sync(&shost->shost_gendev);
>  }
>  
> +bool scsi_autopm_host_busy(struct Scsi_Host *shost)
> +{
> +	return (shost->shost_gendev.power.runtime_status == RPM_RESUMING
> +		|| shost->shost_gendev.power.runtime_status == RPM_SUSPENDING);
> +}
> +
> +void scsi_autopm_get_host_noresume(struct Scsi_Host *shost)
> +{
> +	pm_runtime_get_noresume(&shost->shost_gendev);
> +}
> +
>  #else
>  
>  #define scsi_runtime_suspend	NULL
> diff --git a/drivers/scsi/scsi_priv.h b/drivers/scsi/scsi_priv.h
> index 2a58895..1750651 100644
> --- a/drivers/scsi/scsi_priv.h
> +++ b/drivers/scsi/scsi_priv.h
> @@ -156,6 +156,8 @@ extern void scsi_autopm_get_target(struct scsi_target *);
>  extern void scsi_autopm_put_target(struct scsi_target *);
>  extern int scsi_autopm_get_host(struct Scsi_Host *);
>  extern void scsi_autopm_put_host(struct Scsi_Host *);
> +extern bool scsi_autopm_host_busy(struct Scsi_Host *shost);
> +extern void scsi_autopm_get_host_noresume(struct Scsi_Host *);
>  #else
>  static inline void scsi_autopm_get_target(struct scsi_target *t) {}
>  static inline void scsi_autopm_put_target(struct scsi_target *t) {}

I bet you didn't try compiling this with CONFIG_PM_RUNTIME turned off.

Alan Stern

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Patch

diff --git a/drivers/scsi/scsi_error.c b/drivers/scsi/scsi_error.c
index a4b9cdb..d35d8f7 100644
--- a/drivers/scsi/scsi_error.c
+++ b/drivers/scsi/scsi_error.c
@@ -1804,7 +1804,9 @@  int scsi_error_handler(void *data)
 		 * what we need to do to get it up and online again (if we can).
 		 * If we fail, we end up taking the thing offline.
 		 */
-		if (scsi_autopm_get_host(shost) != 0) {
+		if (scsi_autopm_host_busy(shost))
+			scsi_autopm_get_host_noresume(shost);
+		else if (scsi_autopm_get_host(shost) != 0) {
 			SCSI_LOG_ERROR_RECOVERY(1,
 				printk(KERN_ERR "Error handler scsi_eh_%d "
 						"unable to autoresume\n",
diff --git a/drivers/scsi/scsi_pm.c b/drivers/scsi/scsi_pm.c
index d82a023a..1be6c5a 100644
--- a/drivers/scsi/scsi_pm.c
+++ b/drivers/scsi/scsi_pm.c
@@ -185,6 +185,17 @@  void scsi_autopm_put_host(struct Scsi_Host *shost)
 	pm_runtime_put_sync(&shost->shost_gendev);
 }
 
+bool scsi_autopm_host_busy(struct Scsi_Host *shost)
+{
+	return (shost->shost_gendev.power.runtime_status == RPM_RESUMING
+		|| shost->shost_gendev.power.runtime_status == RPM_SUSPENDING);
+}
+
+void scsi_autopm_get_host_noresume(struct Scsi_Host *shost)
+{
+	pm_runtime_get_noresume(&shost->shost_gendev);
+}
+
 #else
 
 #define scsi_runtime_suspend	NULL
diff --git a/drivers/scsi/scsi_priv.h b/drivers/scsi/scsi_priv.h
index 2a58895..1750651 100644
--- a/drivers/scsi/scsi_priv.h
+++ b/drivers/scsi/scsi_priv.h
@@ -156,6 +156,8 @@  extern void scsi_autopm_get_target(struct scsi_target *);
 extern void scsi_autopm_put_target(struct scsi_target *);
 extern int scsi_autopm_get_host(struct Scsi_Host *);
 extern void scsi_autopm_put_host(struct Scsi_Host *);
+extern bool scsi_autopm_host_busy(struct Scsi_Host *shost);
+extern void scsi_autopm_get_host_noresume(struct Scsi_Host *);
 #else
 static inline void scsi_autopm_get_target(struct scsi_target *t) {}
 static inline void scsi_autopm_put_target(struct scsi_target *t) {}