[1/2] dt-bindings: mtd: spi-nor: document new flag
diff mbox series

Message ID 20191214191943.3679-1-michael@walle.cc
State Changes Requested
Headers show
Series
  • [1/2] dt-bindings: mtd: spi-nor: document new flag
Related show

Checks

Context Check Description
robh/checkpatch success

Commit Message

Michael Walle Dec. 14, 2019, 7:19 p.m. UTC
Document the new flag "no-unlock".

Signed-off-by: Michael Walle <michael@walle.cc>
---
Does the property need a prefix? I couldn't find any hint. If so, what
should it be? "m25p," or "spi-nor," ?

 Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mtd/jedec,spi-nor.txt | 6 ++++++
 1 file changed, 6 insertions(+)

Comments

Michael Walle Dec. 16, 2019, 10:29 a.m. UTC | #1
Hi,

Am 2019-12-16 09:54, schrieb Vignesh Raghavendra:
> Hi,
> 
> On 15/12/19 12:49 am, Michael Walle wrote:
>> Document the new flag "no-unlock".
>> 
>> Signed-off-by: Michael Walle <michael@walle.cc>
>> ---
>> Does the property need a prefix? I couldn't find any hint. If so, what
>> should it be? "m25p," or "spi-nor," ?
>> 
>>  Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mtd/jedec,spi-nor.txt | 6 ++++++
>>  1 file changed, 6 insertions(+)
>> 
>> diff --git a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mtd/jedec,spi-nor.txt 
>> b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mtd/jedec,spi-nor.txt
>> index f03be904d3c2..2d305c893ed7 100644
>> --- a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mtd/jedec,spi-nor.txt
>> +++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mtd/jedec,spi-nor.txt
>> @@ -78,6 +78,12 @@ Optional properties:
>>  		   cannot reboot properly if the flash is left in the "wrong"
>>  		   state. This boolean flag can be used on such systems, to
>>  		   denote the absence of a reliable reset mechanism.
>> +- no-unlock : By default, linux unlocks the whole flash because there
>> +		   are legacy flash devices which are locked by default
>> +		   after reset. Set this flag if you don't want linux to
>> +		   unlock the whole flash automatically. In this case you
>> +		   can control the non-volatile bits by the
>> +		   flash_lock/flash_unlock tools.
>> 
> 
> Current SPI NOR framework unconditionally unlocks entire flash which
> I agree is not the best thing to do, but I don't think we need
> new DT property here. MTD cmdline partitions and DT partitions already
> provide a way to specify that a partition should remain locked[1][2]

I know that the MTD layer has the same kind of unlocking. But that
unlocking is done on a per mtd partition basis. Eg. consider something
like the following

  mtd1 bootloader  (locked)
  mtd2 firmware    (locked)
  mtd3 kernel
  mtd4 environment

Further assume, that the end of mtd2 aligns with one of the possible
locking areas which are supported by the flash chip. Eg. the first 
quarter.

The mtd layer would do two (or four, if "lock" property is set) unlock()
calls, one for mtd1 and one for mtd2.

My point here is, that the mtd partitions doesn't always map to the
locking regions of the SPI flash (at least if the are not merged 
together).

> SPI NOR framework should instead set MTD_POWERUP_LOCK flags in 
> mtd->flags
> for flash devices that power up with lock bits set. And MTD core will
> take care of unlocking flash regions while taking into account 
> partition
> flags defined by user as part of MTD partitions defined in DT or
> via cmdline args.
> 
> So that change should to be set MTD_POWERUP_LOCK for
> in SPI NOR core. Can you check below[3] (untested) diff helps?
> This should prevent unlocking partitions that are to remain locked
> as specified in DT/cmdline

As this change may help my use-case, unlocking is skipped because the
partitions are marked as read only; I fear that the old behaviour will
change. See above.

Mhh. thinking more about it, doesn't the calls also wear out the
non-volatile bits in the NOR flash?

In any case, I'll try your suggestion.

-michael

> 
> [1] Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mtd/partition.txt
> [2] drivers/mtd/parsers/cmdlinepart.c (see "lk" parameter)
> 
> [3]
> 
> diff --git a/drivers/mtd/spi-nor/spi-nor.c 
> b/drivers/mtd/spi-nor/spi-nor.c
> index 1082b6bb1393..6adb950849f6 100644
> --- a/drivers/mtd/spi-nor/spi-nor.c
> +++ b/drivers/mtd/spi-nor/spi-nor.c
> @@ -4914,23 +4914,6 @@ static int spi_nor_quad_enable(struct spi_nor 
> *nor)
>  	return nor->params.quad_enable(nor);
>  }
> 
> -/**
> - * spi_nor_unlock_all() - Unlocks the entire flash memory array.
> - * @nor:	pointer to a 'struct spi_nor'.
> - *
> - * Some SPI NOR flashes are write protected by default after a 
> power-on reset
> - * cycle, in order to avoid inadvertent writes during power-up. 
> Backward
> - * compatibility imposes to unlock the entire flash memory array at 
> power-up
> - * by default.
> - */
> -static int spi_nor_unlock_all(struct spi_nor *nor)
> -{
> -	if (nor->flags & SNOR_F_HAS_LOCK)
> -		return spi_nor_unlock(&nor->mtd, 0, nor->params.size);
> -
> -	return 0;
> -}
> -
>  static int spi_nor_init(struct spi_nor *nor)
>  {
>  	int err;
> @@ -4941,11 +4924,11 @@ static int spi_nor_init(struct spi_nor *nor)
>  		return err;
>  	}
> 
> -	err = spi_nor_unlock_all(nor);
> -	if (err) {
> -		dev_dbg(nor->dev, "Failed to unlock the entire flash memory 
> array\n");
> -		return err;
> -	}
> +	/*
> +	 * Flashes may power up locked. Set this flag so that MTD core
> +	 * takes care of unlocking partitions as required.
> +	 */
> +	nor->mtd.flags |= MTD_POWERUP_LOCK;
> 
>  	if (nor->addr_width == 4 && !(nor->flags & SNOR_F_4B_OPCODES)) {
>  		/*
Vignesh Raghavendra Dec. 19, 2019, 5:33 a.m. UTC | #2
Hi Michael,

[...]
>>> +- no-unlock : By default, linux unlocks the whole flash because there
>>> +           are legacy flash devices which are locked by default
>>> +           after reset. Set this flag if you don't want linux to
>>> +           unlock the whole flash automatically. In this case you
>>> +           can control the non-volatile bits by the
>>> +           flash_lock/flash_unlock tools.
>>>
>>
>> Current SPI NOR framework unconditionally unlocks entire flash which
>> I agree is not the best thing to do, but I don't think we need
>> new DT property here. MTD cmdline partitions and DT partitions already
>> provide a way to specify that a partition should remain locked[1][2]
> 
> I know that the MTD layer has the same kind of unlocking. But that
> unlocking is done on a per mtd partition basis. Eg. consider something
> like the following
> 
>  mtd1 bootloader  (locked)
>  mtd2 firmware    (locked)
>  mtd3 kernel
>  mtd4 environment
> 
> Further assume, that the end of mtd2 aligns with one of the possible
> locking areas which are supported by the flash chip. Eg. the first quarter.
> 
> The mtd layer would do two (or four, if "lock" property is set) unlock()
> calls, one for mtd1 and one for mtd2.
> 


> My point here is, that the mtd partitions doesn't always map to the
> locking regions of the SPI flash (at least if the are not merged together).
> 

You are right! This will be an issue if existing partitions are not
aligned to locking regions.

I take my comments back... But I am not sure if a new DT property is the
needed. This does not describe HW and is specific to Linux SPI NOR
stack. How about a module parameter instead?
Module parameter won't provide per flash granularity in controlling
unlocking behavior. But I don't think that matters.

Tudor,

You had a patch doing something similar. Does module param sound good to
you?
Michael Walle Dec. 20, 2019, 12:46 p.m. UTC | #3
Hi Vignesh,

Am 2019-12-19 06:33, schrieb Vignesh Raghavendra:
> Hi Michael,
> 
> [...]
>>>> +- no-unlock : By default, linux unlocks the whole flash because 
>>>> there
>>>> +           are legacy flash devices which are locked by default
>>>> +           after reset. Set this flag if you don't want linux to
>>>> +           unlock the whole flash automatically. In this case you
>>>> +           can control the non-volatile bits by the
>>>> +           flash_lock/flash_unlock tools.
>>>> 
>>> 
>>> Current SPI NOR framework unconditionally unlocks entire flash which
>>> I agree is not the best thing to do, but I don't think we need
>>> new DT property here. MTD cmdline partitions and DT partitions 
>>> already
>>> provide a way to specify that a partition should remain locked[1][2]
>> 
>> I know that the MTD layer has the same kind of unlocking. But that
>> unlocking is done on a per mtd partition basis. Eg. consider something
>> like the following
>> 
>>  mtd1 bootloader  (locked)
>>  mtd2 firmware    (locked)
>>  mtd3 kernel
>>  mtd4 environment
>> 
>> Further assume, that the end of mtd2 aligns with one of the possible
>> locking areas which are supported by the flash chip. Eg. the first 
>> quarter.
>> 
>> The mtd layer would do two (or four, if "lock" property is set) 
>> unlock()
>> calls, one for mtd1 and one for mtd2.
>> 
> 
> 
>> My point here is, that the mtd partitions doesn't always map to the
>> locking regions of the SPI flash (at least if the are not merged 
>> together).
>> 
> 
> You are right! This will be an issue if existing partitions are not
> aligned to locking regions.
> 
> I take my comments back... But I am not sure if a new DT property is 
> the
> needed. This does not describe HW and is specific to Linux SPI NOR
> stack. How about a module parameter instead?
> Module parameter won't provide per flash granularity in controlling
> unlocking behavior. But I don't think that matters.

I don't argue against having a kernel parameter, but just wanting to 
point
out another alternative (which might be controversial):

  - What is the purpose of this unlock_all() at all. Apparently there are
    some flashes which have the protection bits set. Either at startup
    (and then they are non-volatile) or they come in that state out of 
the
    factory. The latter makes little sense IMHO.

  - Actually, all newer flashes we've used have these bits non-volatile 
and
    are unlocked by default.

So can't we have a whitelist (ie. a new flag in the spi_nor_ids) which
supresses the unlock if they haven't any block protections bit set
according to the manual? Because in this case the unlocking makes never
sense IMHO.

-michael

> 
> Tudor,
> 
> You had a patch doing something similar. Does module param sound good 
> to
> you?

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mtd/jedec,spi-nor.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mtd/jedec,spi-nor.txt
index f03be904d3c2..2d305c893ed7 100644
--- a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mtd/jedec,spi-nor.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mtd/jedec,spi-nor.txt
@@ -78,6 +78,12 @@  Optional properties:
 		   cannot reboot properly if the flash is left in the "wrong"
 		   state. This boolean flag can be used on such systems, to
 		   denote the absence of a reliable reset mechanism.
+- no-unlock : By default, linux unlocks the whole flash because there
+		   are legacy flash devices which are locked by default
+		   after reset. Set this flag if you don't want linux to
+		   unlock the whole flash automatically. In this case you
+		   can control the non-volatile bits by the
+		   flash_lock/flash_unlock tools.
 
 Example: