virtiofsd: fix libfuse information leaks
diff mbox series

Message ID 20191122113130.481113-1-stefanha@redhat.com
State New
Headers show
Series
  • virtiofsd: fix libfuse information leaks
Related show

Commit Message

Stefan Hajnoczi Nov. 22, 2019, 11:31 a.m. UTC
Some FUSE message replies contain padding fields that are not
initialized by libfuse.  This is fine in traditional FUSE applications
because the kernel is trusted.  virtiofsd does not trust the guest and
must not expose uninitialized memory.

Use C struct initializers to automatically zero out memory.  Not all of
these code changes are strictly necessary but they will prevent future
information leaks if the structs are extended.

Signed-off-by: Stefan Hajnoczi <stefanha@redhat.com>
---
 contrib/virtiofsd/fuse_lowlevel.c | 150 +++++++++++++++---------------
 1 file changed, 76 insertions(+), 74 deletions(-)

Comments

Philippe Mathieu-Daudé Nov. 22, 2019, 12:59 p.m. UTC | #1
On 11/22/19 12:31 PM, Stefan Hajnoczi wrote:
> Some FUSE message replies contain padding fields that are not
> initialized by libfuse.  This is fine in traditional FUSE applications
> because the kernel is trusted.  virtiofsd does not trust the guest and
> must not expose uninitialized memory.
> 
> Use C struct initializers to automatically zero out memory.  Not all of
> these code changes are strictly necessary but they will prevent future
> information leaks if the structs are extended.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Stefan Hajnoczi <stefanha@redhat.com>

Nice cleanup.
Reviewed-by: Philippe Mathieu-Daudé <philmd@redhat.com>
Dr. David Alan Gilbert Nov. 22, 2019, 2:18 p.m. UTC | #2
* Stefan Hajnoczi (stefanha@redhat.com) wrote:
> Some FUSE message replies contain padding fields that are not
> initialized by libfuse.  This is fine in traditional FUSE applications
> because the kernel is trusted.  virtiofsd does not trust the guest and
> must not expose uninitialized memory.
> 
> Use C struct initializers to automatically zero out memory.  Not all of
> these code changes are strictly necessary but they will prevent future
> information leaks if the structs are extended.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Stefan Hajnoczi <stefanha@redhat.com>

Reviewed-by: Dr. David Alan Gilbert <dgilbert@redhat.com>

Thanks, merged.

Dave

> ---
>  contrib/virtiofsd/fuse_lowlevel.c | 150 +++++++++++++++---------------
>  1 file changed, 76 insertions(+), 74 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/contrib/virtiofsd/fuse_lowlevel.c b/contrib/virtiofsd/fuse_lowlevel.c
> index 7fa8861f5d..8a4234630d 100644
> --- a/contrib/virtiofsd/fuse_lowlevel.c
> +++ b/contrib/virtiofsd/fuse_lowlevel.c
> @@ -45,21 +45,23 @@ static __attribute__((constructor)) void fuse_ll_init_pagesize(void)
>  
>  static void convert_stat(const struct stat *stbuf, struct fuse_attr *attr)
>  {
> -	attr->ino	= stbuf->st_ino;
> -	attr->mode	= stbuf->st_mode;
> -	attr->nlink	= stbuf->st_nlink;
> -	attr->uid	= stbuf->st_uid;
> -	attr->gid	= stbuf->st_gid;
> -	attr->rdev	= stbuf->st_rdev;
> -	attr->size	= stbuf->st_size;
> -	attr->blksize	= stbuf->st_blksize;
> -	attr->blocks	= stbuf->st_blocks;
> -	attr->atime	= stbuf->st_atime;
> -	attr->mtime	= stbuf->st_mtime;
> -	attr->ctime	= stbuf->st_ctime;
> -	attr->atimensec = ST_ATIM_NSEC(stbuf);
> -	attr->mtimensec = ST_MTIM_NSEC(stbuf);
> -	attr->ctimensec = ST_CTIM_NSEC(stbuf);
> +	*attr = (struct fuse_attr) {
> +		.ino		= stbuf->st_ino,
> +		.mode		= stbuf->st_mode,
> +		.nlink		= stbuf->st_nlink,
> +		.uid		= stbuf->st_uid,
> +		.gid		= stbuf->st_gid,
> +		.rdev		= stbuf->st_rdev,
> +		.size		= stbuf->st_size,
> +		.blksize	= stbuf->st_blksize,
> +		.blocks		= stbuf->st_blocks,
> +		.atime		= stbuf->st_atime,
> +		.mtime		= stbuf->st_mtime,
> +		.ctime		= stbuf->st_ctime,
> +		.atimensec	= ST_ATIM_NSEC(stbuf),
> +		.mtimensec	= ST_MTIM_NSEC(stbuf),
> +		.ctimensec	= ST_CTIM_NSEC(stbuf),
> +	};
>  }
>  
>  static void convert_attr(const struct fuse_setattr_in *attr, struct stat *stbuf)
> @@ -181,16 +183,16 @@ static int fuse_send_msg(struct fuse_session *se, struct fuse_chan *ch,
>  int fuse_send_reply_iov_nofree(fuse_req_t req, int error, struct iovec *iov,
>  			       int count)
>  {
> -	struct fuse_out_header out;
> +	struct fuse_out_header out = {
> +		.unique = req->unique,
> +		.error = error,
> +	};
>  
>  	if (error <= -1000 || error > 0) {
>  		fuse_log(FUSE_LOG_ERR, "fuse: bad error value: %i\n",	error);
>  		error = -ERANGE;
>  	}
>  
> -	out.unique = req->unique;
> -	out.error = error;
> -
>  	iov[0].iov_base = &out;
>  	iov[0].iov_len = sizeof(struct fuse_out_header);
>  
> @@ -271,14 +273,16 @@ size_t fuse_add_direntry(fuse_req_t req, char *buf, size_t bufsize,
>  static void convert_statfs(const struct statvfs *stbuf,
>  			   struct fuse_kstatfs *kstatfs)
>  {
> -	kstatfs->bsize	 = stbuf->f_bsize;
> -	kstatfs->frsize	 = stbuf->f_frsize;
> -	kstatfs->blocks	 = stbuf->f_blocks;
> -	kstatfs->bfree	 = stbuf->f_bfree;
> -	kstatfs->bavail	 = stbuf->f_bavail;
> -	kstatfs->files	 = stbuf->f_files;
> -	kstatfs->ffree	 = stbuf->f_ffree;
> -	kstatfs->namelen = stbuf->f_namemax;
> +	*kstatfs = (struct fuse_kstatfs) {
> +		.bsize	 = stbuf->f_bsize,
> +		.frsize	 = stbuf->f_frsize,
> +		.blocks	 = stbuf->f_blocks,
> +		.bfree	 = stbuf->f_bfree,
> +		.bavail	 = stbuf->f_bavail,
> +		.files	 = stbuf->f_files,
> +		.ffree	 = stbuf->f_ffree,
> +		.namelen = stbuf->f_namemax,
> +	};
>  }
>  
>  static int send_reply_ok(fuse_req_t req, const void *arg, size_t argsize)
> @@ -320,12 +324,14 @@ static unsigned int calc_timeout_nsec(double t)
>  static void fill_entry(struct fuse_entry_out *arg,
>  		       const struct fuse_entry_param *e)
>  {
> -	arg->nodeid = e->ino;
> -	arg->generation = e->generation;
> -	arg->entry_valid = calc_timeout_sec(e->entry_timeout);
> -	arg->entry_valid_nsec = calc_timeout_nsec(e->entry_timeout);
> -	arg->attr_valid = calc_timeout_sec(e->attr_timeout);
> -	arg->attr_valid_nsec = calc_timeout_nsec(e->attr_timeout);
> +	*arg = (struct fuse_entry_out) {
> +		.nodeid = e->ino,
> +		.generation = e->generation,
> +		.entry_valid = calc_timeout_sec(e->entry_timeout),
> +		.entry_valid_nsec = calc_timeout_nsec(e->entry_timeout),
> +		.attr_valid = calc_timeout_sec(e->attr_timeout),
> +		.attr_valid_nsec = calc_timeout_nsec(e->attr_timeout),
> +	};
>  	convert_stat(&e->attr, &arg->attr);
>  }
>  
> @@ -351,10 +357,12 @@ size_t fuse_add_direntry_plus(fuse_req_t req, char *buf, size_t bufsize,
>  	fill_entry(&dp->entry_out, e);
>  
>  	struct fuse_dirent *dirent = &dp->dirent;
> -	dirent->ino = e->attr.st_ino;
> -	dirent->off = off;
> -	dirent->namelen = namelen;
> -	dirent->type = (e->attr.st_mode & S_IFMT) >> 12;
> +	*dirent = (struct fuse_dirent) {
> +		.ino = e->attr.st_ino,
> +		.off = off,
> +		.namelen = namelen,
> +		.type = (e->attr.st_mode & S_IFMT) >> 12,
> +	};
>  	memcpy(dirent->name, name, namelen);
>  	memset(dirent->name + namelen, 0, entlen_padded - entlen);
>  
> @@ -504,15 +512,14 @@ int fuse_reply_data(fuse_req_t req, struct fuse_bufvec *bufv,
>  		    enum fuse_buf_copy_flags flags)
>  {
>  	struct iovec iov[2];
> -	struct fuse_out_header out;
> +	struct fuse_out_header out = {
> +		.unique = req->unique,
> +	};
>  	int res;
>  
>  	iov[0].iov_base = &out;
>  	iov[0].iov_len = sizeof(struct fuse_out_header);
>  
> -	out.unique = req->unique;
> -	out.error = 0;
> -
>  	res = fuse_send_data_iov(req->se, req->ch, iov, 1, bufv, flags);
>  	if (res <= 0) {
>  		fuse_free_req(req);
> @@ -2203,13 +2210,13 @@ static void do_destroy(fuse_req_t req, fuse_ino_t nodeid,
>  static int send_notify_iov(struct fuse_session *se, int notify_code,
>  			   struct iovec *iov, int count)
>  {
> -	struct fuse_out_header out;
> +	struct fuse_out_header out = {
> +		.error = notify_code,
> +	};
>  
>  	if (!se->got_init)
>  		return -ENOTCONN;
>  
> -	out.unique = 0;
> -	out.error = notify_code;
>  	iov[0].iov_base = &out;
>  	iov[0].iov_len = sizeof(struct fuse_out_header);
>  
> @@ -2219,11 +2226,11 @@ static int send_notify_iov(struct fuse_session *se, int notify_code,
>  int fuse_lowlevel_notify_poll(struct fuse_pollhandle *ph)
>  {
>  	if (ph != NULL) {
> -		struct fuse_notify_poll_wakeup_out outarg;
> +		struct fuse_notify_poll_wakeup_out outarg = {
> +			.kh = ph->kh,
> +		};
>  		struct iovec iov[2];
>  
> -		outarg.kh = ph->kh;
> -
>  		iov[1].iov_base = &outarg;
>  		iov[1].iov_len = sizeof(outarg);
>  
> @@ -2236,7 +2243,11 @@ int fuse_lowlevel_notify_poll(struct fuse_pollhandle *ph)
>  int fuse_lowlevel_notify_inval_inode(struct fuse_session *se, fuse_ino_t ino,
>  				     off_t off, off_t len)
>  {
> -	struct fuse_notify_inval_inode_out outarg;
> +	struct fuse_notify_inval_inode_out outarg = {
> +		.ino = ino,
> +		.off = off,
> +		.len = len,
> +	};
>  	struct iovec iov[2];
>  
>  	if (!se)
> @@ -2244,10 +2255,6 @@ int fuse_lowlevel_notify_inval_inode(struct fuse_session *se, fuse_ino_t ino,
>  
>  	if (se->conn.proto_major < 6 || se->conn.proto_minor < 12)
>  		return -ENOSYS;
> -	
> -	outarg.ino = ino;
> -	outarg.off = off;
> -	outarg.len = len;
>  
>  	iov[1].iov_base = &outarg;
>  	iov[1].iov_len = sizeof(outarg);
> @@ -2258,7 +2265,10 @@ int fuse_lowlevel_notify_inval_inode(struct fuse_session *se, fuse_ino_t ino,
>  int fuse_lowlevel_notify_inval_entry(struct fuse_session *se, fuse_ino_t parent,
>  				     const char *name, size_t namelen)
>  {
> -	struct fuse_notify_inval_entry_out outarg;
> +	struct fuse_notify_inval_entry_out outarg = {
> +		.parent = parent,
> +		.namelen = namelen,
> +	};
>  	struct iovec iov[3];
>  
>  	if (!se)
> @@ -2267,10 +2277,6 @@ int fuse_lowlevel_notify_inval_entry(struct fuse_session *se, fuse_ino_t parent,
>  	if (se->conn.proto_major < 6 || se->conn.proto_minor < 12)
>  		return -ENOSYS;
>  
> -	outarg.parent = parent;
> -	outarg.namelen = namelen;
> -	outarg.padding = 0;
> -
>  	iov[1].iov_base = &outarg;
>  	iov[1].iov_len = sizeof(outarg);
>  	iov[2].iov_base = (void *)name;
> @@ -2283,7 +2289,11 @@ int fuse_lowlevel_notify_delete(struct fuse_session *se,
>  				fuse_ino_t parent, fuse_ino_t child,
>  				const char *name, size_t namelen)
>  {
> -	struct fuse_notify_delete_out outarg;
> +	struct fuse_notify_delete_out outarg = {
> +		.parent = parent,
> +		.child = child,
> +		.namelen = namelen,
> +	};
>  	struct iovec iov[3];
>  
>  	if (!se)
> @@ -2292,11 +2302,6 @@ int fuse_lowlevel_notify_delete(struct fuse_session *se,
>  	if (se->conn.proto_major < 6 || se->conn.proto_minor < 18)
>  		return -ENOSYS;
>  
> -	outarg.parent = parent;
> -	outarg.child = child;
> -	outarg.namelen = namelen;
> -	outarg.padding = 0;
> -
>  	iov[1].iov_base = &outarg;
>  	iov[1].iov_len = sizeof(outarg);
>  	iov[2].iov_base = (void *)name;
> @@ -2309,10 +2314,15 @@ int fuse_lowlevel_notify_store(struct fuse_session *se, fuse_ino_t ino,
>  			       off_t offset, struct fuse_bufvec *bufv,
>  			       enum fuse_buf_copy_flags flags)
>  {
> -	struct fuse_out_header out;
> -	struct fuse_notify_store_out outarg;
> +	struct fuse_out_header out = {
> +		.error = FUSE_NOTIFY_STORE,
> +	};
> +	struct fuse_notify_store_out outarg = {
> +		.nodeid = ino,
> +		.offset = offset,
> +		.size = fuse_buf_size(bufv),
> +	};
>  	struct iovec iov[3];
> -	size_t size = fuse_buf_size(bufv);
>  	int res;
>  
>  	if (!se)
> @@ -2321,14 +2331,6 @@ int fuse_lowlevel_notify_store(struct fuse_session *se, fuse_ino_t ino,
>  	if (se->conn.proto_major < 6 || se->conn.proto_minor < 15)
>  		return -ENOSYS;
>  
> -	out.unique = 0;
> -	out.error = FUSE_NOTIFY_STORE;
> -
> -	outarg.nodeid = ino;
> -	outarg.offset = offset;
> -	outarg.size = size;
> -	outarg.padding = 0;
> -
>  	iov[0].iov_base = &out;
>  	iov[0].iov_len = sizeof(out);
>  	iov[1].iov_base = &outarg;
> -- 
> 2.23.0
> 
--
Dr. David Alan Gilbert / dgilbert@redhat.com / Manchester, UK

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/contrib/virtiofsd/fuse_lowlevel.c b/contrib/virtiofsd/fuse_lowlevel.c
index 7fa8861f5d..8a4234630d 100644
--- a/contrib/virtiofsd/fuse_lowlevel.c
+++ b/contrib/virtiofsd/fuse_lowlevel.c
@@ -45,21 +45,23 @@  static __attribute__((constructor)) void fuse_ll_init_pagesize(void)
 
 static void convert_stat(const struct stat *stbuf, struct fuse_attr *attr)
 {
-	attr->ino	= stbuf->st_ino;
-	attr->mode	= stbuf->st_mode;
-	attr->nlink	= stbuf->st_nlink;
-	attr->uid	= stbuf->st_uid;
-	attr->gid	= stbuf->st_gid;
-	attr->rdev	= stbuf->st_rdev;
-	attr->size	= stbuf->st_size;
-	attr->blksize	= stbuf->st_blksize;
-	attr->blocks	= stbuf->st_blocks;
-	attr->atime	= stbuf->st_atime;
-	attr->mtime	= stbuf->st_mtime;
-	attr->ctime	= stbuf->st_ctime;
-	attr->atimensec = ST_ATIM_NSEC(stbuf);
-	attr->mtimensec = ST_MTIM_NSEC(stbuf);
-	attr->ctimensec = ST_CTIM_NSEC(stbuf);
+	*attr = (struct fuse_attr) {
+		.ino		= stbuf->st_ino,
+		.mode		= stbuf->st_mode,
+		.nlink		= stbuf->st_nlink,
+		.uid		= stbuf->st_uid,
+		.gid		= stbuf->st_gid,
+		.rdev		= stbuf->st_rdev,
+		.size		= stbuf->st_size,
+		.blksize	= stbuf->st_blksize,
+		.blocks		= stbuf->st_blocks,
+		.atime		= stbuf->st_atime,
+		.mtime		= stbuf->st_mtime,
+		.ctime		= stbuf->st_ctime,
+		.atimensec	= ST_ATIM_NSEC(stbuf),
+		.mtimensec	= ST_MTIM_NSEC(stbuf),
+		.ctimensec	= ST_CTIM_NSEC(stbuf),
+	};
 }
 
 static void convert_attr(const struct fuse_setattr_in *attr, struct stat *stbuf)
@@ -181,16 +183,16 @@  static int fuse_send_msg(struct fuse_session *se, struct fuse_chan *ch,
 int fuse_send_reply_iov_nofree(fuse_req_t req, int error, struct iovec *iov,
 			       int count)
 {
-	struct fuse_out_header out;
+	struct fuse_out_header out = {
+		.unique = req->unique,
+		.error = error,
+	};
 
 	if (error <= -1000 || error > 0) {
 		fuse_log(FUSE_LOG_ERR, "fuse: bad error value: %i\n",	error);
 		error = -ERANGE;
 	}
 
-	out.unique = req->unique;
-	out.error = error;
-
 	iov[0].iov_base = &out;
 	iov[0].iov_len = sizeof(struct fuse_out_header);
 
@@ -271,14 +273,16 @@  size_t fuse_add_direntry(fuse_req_t req, char *buf, size_t bufsize,
 static void convert_statfs(const struct statvfs *stbuf,
 			   struct fuse_kstatfs *kstatfs)
 {
-	kstatfs->bsize	 = stbuf->f_bsize;
-	kstatfs->frsize	 = stbuf->f_frsize;
-	kstatfs->blocks	 = stbuf->f_blocks;
-	kstatfs->bfree	 = stbuf->f_bfree;
-	kstatfs->bavail	 = stbuf->f_bavail;
-	kstatfs->files	 = stbuf->f_files;
-	kstatfs->ffree	 = stbuf->f_ffree;
-	kstatfs->namelen = stbuf->f_namemax;
+	*kstatfs = (struct fuse_kstatfs) {
+		.bsize	 = stbuf->f_bsize,
+		.frsize	 = stbuf->f_frsize,
+		.blocks	 = stbuf->f_blocks,
+		.bfree	 = stbuf->f_bfree,
+		.bavail	 = stbuf->f_bavail,
+		.files	 = stbuf->f_files,
+		.ffree	 = stbuf->f_ffree,
+		.namelen = stbuf->f_namemax,
+	};
 }
 
 static int send_reply_ok(fuse_req_t req, const void *arg, size_t argsize)
@@ -320,12 +324,14 @@  static unsigned int calc_timeout_nsec(double t)
 static void fill_entry(struct fuse_entry_out *arg,
 		       const struct fuse_entry_param *e)
 {
-	arg->nodeid = e->ino;
-	arg->generation = e->generation;
-	arg->entry_valid = calc_timeout_sec(e->entry_timeout);
-	arg->entry_valid_nsec = calc_timeout_nsec(e->entry_timeout);
-	arg->attr_valid = calc_timeout_sec(e->attr_timeout);
-	arg->attr_valid_nsec = calc_timeout_nsec(e->attr_timeout);
+	*arg = (struct fuse_entry_out) {
+		.nodeid = e->ino,
+		.generation = e->generation,
+		.entry_valid = calc_timeout_sec(e->entry_timeout),
+		.entry_valid_nsec = calc_timeout_nsec(e->entry_timeout),
+		.attr_valid = calc_timeout_sec(e->attr_timeout),
+		.attr_valid_nsec = calc_timeout_nsec(e->attr_timeout),
+	};
 	convert_stat(&e->attr, &arg->attr);
 }
 
@@ -351,10 +357,12 @@  size_t fuse_add_direntry_plus(fuse_req_t req, char *buf, size_t bufsize,
 	fill_entry(&dp->entry_out, e);
 
 	struct fuse_dirent *dirent = &dp->dirent;
-	dirent->ino = e->attr.st_ino;
-	dirent->off = off;
-	dirent->namelen = namelen;
-	dirent->type = (e->attr.st_mode & S_IFMT) >> 12;
+	*dirent = (struct fuse_dirent) {
+		.ino = e->attr.st_ino,
+		.off = off,
+		.namelen = namelen,
+		.type = (e->attr.st_mode & S_IFMT) >> 12,
+	};
 	memcpy(dirent->name, name, namelen);
 	memset(dirent->name + namelen, 0, entlen_padded - entlen);
 
@@ -504,15 +512,14 @@  int fuse_reply_data(fuse_req_t req, struct fuse_bufvec *bufv,
 		    enum fuse_buf_copy_flags flags)
 {
 	struct iovec iov[2];
-	struct fuse_out_header out;
+	struct fuse_out_header out = {
+		.unique = req->unique,
+	};
 	int res;
 
 	iov[0].iov_base = &out;
 	iov[0].iov_len = sizeof(struct fuse_out_header);
 
-	out.unique = req->unique;
-	out.error = 0;
-
 	res = fuse_send_data_iov(req->se, req->ch, iov, 1, bufv, flags);
 	if (res <= 0) {
 		fuse_free_req(req);
@@ -2203,13 +2210,13 @@  static void do_destroy(fuse_req_t req, fuse_ino_t nodeid,
 static int send_notify_iov(struct fuse_session *se, int notify_code,
 			   struct iovec *iov, int count)
 {
-	struct fuse_out_header out;
+	struct fuse_out_header out = {
+		.error = notify_code,
+	};
 
 	if (!se->got_init)
 		return -ENOTCONN;
 
-	out.unique = 0;
-	out.error = notify_code;
 	iov[0].iov_base = &out;
 	iov[0].iov_len = sizeof(struct fuse_out_header);
 
@@ -2219,11 +2226,11 @@  static int send_notify_iov(struct fuse_session *se, int notify_code,
 int fuse_lowlevel_notify_poll(struct fuse_pollhandle *ph)
 {
 	if (ph != NULL) {
-		struct fuse_notify_poll_wakeup_out outarg;
+		struct fuse_notify_poll_wakeup_out outarg = {
+			.kh = ph->kh,
+		};
 		struct iovec iov[2];
 
-		outarg.kh = ph->kh;
-
 		iov[1].iov_base = &outarg;
 		iov[1].iov_len = sizeof(outarg);
 
@@ -2236,7 +2243,11 @@  int fuse_lowlevel_notify_poll(struct fuse_pollhandle *ph)
 int fuse_lowlevel_notify_inval_inode(struct fuse_session *se, fuse_ino_t ino,
 				     off_t off, off_t len)
 {
-	struct fuse_notify_inval_inode_out outarg;
+	struct fuse_notify_inval_inode_out outarg = {
+		.ino = ino,
+		.off = off,
+		.len = len,
+	};
 	struct iovec iov[2];
 
 	if (!se)
@@ -2244,10 +2255,6 @@  int fuse_lowlevel_notify_inval_inode(struct fuse_session *se, fuse_ino_t ino,
 
 	if (se->conn.proto_major < 6 || se->conn.proto_minor < 12)
 		return -ENOSYS;
-	
-	outarg.ino = ino;
-	outarg.off = off;
-	outarg.len = len;
 
 	iov[1].iov_base = &outarg;
 	iov[1].iov_len = sizeof(outarg);
@@ -2258,7 +2265,10 @@  int fuse_lowlevel_notify_inval_inode(struct fuse_session *se, fuse_ino_t ino,
 int fuse_lowlevel_notify_inval_entry(struct fuse_session *se, fuse_ino_t parent,
 				     const char *name, size_t namelen)
 {
-	struct fuse_notify_inval_entry_out outarg;
+	struct fuse_notify_inval_entry_out outarg = {
+		.parent = parent,
+		.namelen = namelen,
+	};
 	struct iovec iov[3];
 
 	if (!se)
@@ -2267,10 +2277,6 @@  int fuse_lowlevel_notify_inval_entry(struct fuse_session *se, fuse_ino_t parent,
 	if (se->conn.proto_major < 6 || se->conn.proto_minor < 12)
 		return -ENOSYS;
 
-	outarg.parent = parent;
-	outarg.namelen = namelen;
-	outarg.padding = 0;
-
 	iov[1].iov_base = &outarg;
 	iov[1].iov_len = sizeof(outarg);
 	iov[2].iov_base = (void *)name;
@@ -2283,7 +2289,11 @@  int fuse_lowlevel_notify_delete(struct fuse_session *se,
 				fuse_ino_t parent, fuse_ino_t child,
 				const char *name, size_t namelen)
 {
-	struct fuse_notify_delete_out outarg;
+	struct fuse_notify_delete_out outarg = {
+		.parent = parent,
+		.child = child,
+		.namelen = namelen,
+	};
 	struct iovec iov[3];
 
 	if (!se)
@@ -2292,11 +2302,6 @@  int fuse_lowlevel_notify_delete(struct fuse_session *se,
 	if (se->conn.proto_major < 6 || se->conn.proto_minor < 18)
 		return -ENOSYS;
 
-	outarg.parent = parent;
-	outarg.child = child;
-	outarg.namelen = namelen;
-	outarg.padding = 0;
-
 	iov[1].iov_base = &outarg;
 	iov[1].iov_len = sizeof(outarg);
 	iov[2].iov_base = (void *)name;
@@ -2309,10 +2314,15 @@  int fuse_lowlevel_notify_store(struct fuse_session *se, fuse_ino_t ino,
 			       off_t offset, struct fuse_bufvec *bufv,
 			       enum fuse_buf_copy_flags flags)
 {
-	struct fuse_out_header out;
-	struct fuse_notify_store_out outarg;
+	struct fuse_out_header out = {
+		.error = FUSE_NOTIFY_STORE,
+	};
+	struct fuse_notify_store_out outarg = {
+		.nodeid = ino,
+		.offset = offset,
+		.size = fuse_buf_size(bufv),
+	};
 	struct iovec iov[3];
-	size_t size = fuse_buf_size(bufv);
 	int res;
 
 	if (!se)
@@ -2321,14 +2331,6 @@  int fuse_lowlevel_notify_store(struct fuse_session *se, fuse_ino_t ino,
 	if (se->conn.proto_major < 6 || se->conn.proto_minor < 15)
 		return -ENOSYS;
 
-	out.unique = 0;
-	out.error = FUSE_NOTIFY_STORE;
-
-	outarg.nodeid = ino;
-	outarg.offset = offset;
-	outarg.size = size;
-	outarg.padding = 0;
-
 	iov[0].iov_base = &out;
 	iov[0].iov_len = sizeof(out);
 	iov[1].iov_base = &outarg;