[review,v3] Lazy binding failures during dlopen/dlclose must be fatal [BZ #24304]
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Message ID 20191115160205.5982220AF6@gnutoolchain-gerrit.osci.io
State New
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  • [review,v3] Lazy binding failures during dlopen/dlclose must be fatal [BZ #24304]
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Commit Message

Carlos O'Donell (Code Review) Nov. 15, 2019, 4:02 p.m. UTC
Change URL: https://gnutoolchain-gerrit.osci.io/r/c/glibc/+/467
......................................................................

Lazy binding failures during dlopen/dlclose must be fatal [BZ #24304]

If a lazy binding failure happens during the execution of an ELF
constructor or destructor, the dynamic loader catches the error
and reports it using the dlerror mechanism.  This is undesirable
because there could be other constructors and destructors that
need processing (which are skipped), and the process is in an
inconsistent state at this point.  Therefore, we have to issue
a fatal dynamic loader error error and terminate the process.

Note that the _dl_catch_exception in _dl_open is just an inner catch,
to roll back some state locally.  If called from dlopen, there is
still an outer catch, which is why calling _dl_init via call_dl_init
and a no-exception is required and cannot be avoiding by moving the
_dl_init call directly into _dl_open.

_dl_fini does not need changes because it does not install an error
handler, so errors are already fatal there.

Change-Id: I6b1addfe2e30f50a1781595f046f44173db9491a
---
M elf/Makefile
M elf/dl-close.c
M elf/dl-open.c
A elf/tst-finilazyfailmod.c
A elf/tst-initfinilazyfail.c
A elf/tst-initlazyfailmod.c
6 files changed, 210 insertions(+), 21 deletions(-)

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/elf/Makefile b/elf/Makefile
index 0668818..571f12f 100644
--- a/elf/Makefile
+++ b/elf/Makefile
@@ -193,7 +193,7 @@ 
 	 tst-debug1 tst-main1 tst-absolute-sym tst-absolute-zero tst-big-note \
 	 tst-unwind-ctor tst-unwind-main tst-audit13 \
 	 tst-sonamemove-link tst-sonamemove-dlopen tst-dlopen-tlsmodid \
-	 tst-dlopen-self tst-auditmany
+	 tst-dlopen-self tst-auditmany tst-initfinilazyfail
 #	 reldep9
 tests-internal += loadtest unload unload2 circleload1 \
 	 neededtest neededtest2 neededtest3 neededtest4 \
@@ -284,7 +284,8 @@ 
 		tst-sonamemove-runmod1 tst-sonamemove-runmod2 \
 		tst-auditmanymod1 tst-auditmanymod2 tst-auditmanymod3 \
 		tst-auditmanymod4 tst-auditmanymod5 tst-auditmanymod6 \
-		tst-auditmanymod7 tst-auditmanymod8 tst-auditmanymod9
+		tst-auditmanymod7 tst-auditmanymod8 tst-auditmanymod9 \
+		tst-initlazyfailmod tst-finilazyfailmod
 # Most modules build with _ISOMAC defined, but those filtered out
 # depend on internal headers.
 modules-names-tests = $(filter-out ifuncmod% tst-libc_dlvsym-dso tst-tlsmod%,\
@@ -1580,3 +1581,13 @@ 
 $(objpfx)tst-unwind-ctor: $(objpfx)tst-unwind-ctor-lib.so
 
 CFLAGS-tst-unwind-main.c += -funwind-tables -DUSE_PTHREADS=0
+
+$(objpfx)tst-initfinilazyfail: $(libdl)
+$(objpfx)tst-initfinilazyfail.out: \
+  $(objpfx)tst-initlazyfailmod.so $(objpfx)tst-finilazyfailmod.so
+# Override -z defs, so that we can reference an undefined symbol.
+# Force lazy binding for the same reason.
+LDFLAGS-tst-initlazyfailmod.so = \
+  -Wl,-z,lazy -Wl,--unresolved-symbols=ignore-all
+LDFLAGS-tst-finilazyfailmod.so = \
+  -Wl,-z,lazy -Wl,--unresolved-symbols=ignore-all
diff --git a/elf/dl-close.c b/elf/dl-close.c
index c32e647..33486b9 100644
--- a/elf/dl-close.c
+++ b/elf/dl-close.c
@@ -106,6 +106,30 @@ 
   return false;
 }
 
+/* Invoke dstructors for CLOSURE (a struct link_map *).  Called with
+   exception handling temporarily disabled, to make errors fatal.  */
+static void
+call_destructors (void *closure)
+{
+  struct link_map *map = closure;
+
+  if (map->l_info[DT_FINI_ARRAY] != NULL)
+    {
+      ElfW(Addr) *array =
+	(ElfW(Addr) *) (map->l_addr
+			+ map->l_info[DT_FINI_ARRAY]->d_un.d_ptr);
+      unsigned int sz = (map->l_info[DT_FINI_ARRAYSZ]->d_un.d_val
+			 / sizeof (ElfW(Addr)));
+
+      while (sz-- > 0)
+	((fini_t) array[sz]) ();
+    }
+
+  /* Next try the old-style destructor.  */
+  if (map->l_info[DT_FINI] != NULL)
+    DL_CALL_DT_FINI (map, ((void *) map->l_addr
+			   + map->l_info[DT_FINI]->d_un.d_ptr));
+}
 
 void
 _dl_close_worker (struct link_map *map, bool force)
@@ -267,7 +291,8 @@ 
 		  && (imap->l_flags_1 & DF_1_NODELETE) == 0);
 
 	  /* Call its termination function.  Do not do it for
-	     half-cooked objects.  */
+	     half-cooked objects.  Temporarily disable exception
+	     handling, so that errors are fatal.  */
 	  if (imap->l_init_called)
 	    {
 	      /* When debugging print a message first.  */
@@ -276,22 +301,9 @@ 
 		_dl_debug_printf ("\ncalling fini: %s [%lu]\n\n",
 				  imap->l_name, nsid);
 
-	      if (imap->l_info[DT_FINI_ARRAY] != NULL)
-		{
-		  ElfW(Addr) *array =
-		    (ElfW(Addr) *) (imap->l_addr
-				    + imap->l_info[DT_FINI_ARRAY]->d_un.d_ptr);
-		  unsigned int sz = (imap->l_info[DT_FINI_ARRAYSZ]->d_un.d_val
-				     / sizeof (ElfW(Addr)));
-
-		  while (sz-- > 0)
-		    ((fini_t) array[sz]) ();
-		}
-
-	      /* Next try the old-style destructor.  */
-	      if (imap->l_info[DT_FINI] != NULL)
-		DL_CALL_DT_FINI (imap, ((void *) imap->l_addr
-			 + imap->l_info[DT_FINI]->d_un.d_ptr));
+	      if (imap->l_info[DT_FINI_ARRAY] != NULL
+		  || imap->l_info[DT_FINI] != NULL)
+		_dl_catch_exception (NULL, call_destructors, imap);
 	    }
 
 #ifdef SHARED
diff --git a/elf/dl-open.c b/elf/dl-open.c
index b4ca64f..bedbd3a 100644
--- a/elf/dl-open.c
+++ b/elf/dl-open.c
@@ -214,6 +214,23 @@ 
 }
 rtld_hidden_def (_dl_find_dso_for_object);
 
+/* struct dl_init_args and call_dl_init are used to call _dl_init with
+   exception handling disabled.  */
+struct dl_init_args
+{
+  struct link_map *new;
+  int argc;
+  char **argv;
+  char **env;
+};
+
+static void
+call_dl_init (void *closure)
+{
+  struct dl_init_args *args = closure;
+  _dl_init (args->new, args->argc, args->argv, args->env);
+}
+
 static void
 dl_open_worker (void *a)
 {
@@ -558,8 +575,19 @@ 
   if (mode & RTLD_GLOBAL)
     add_to_global_resize (new);
 
-  /* Run the initializer functions of new objects.  */
-  _dl_init (new, args->argc, args->argv, args->env);
+  /* Run the initializer functions of new objects.  Temporarily
+     disable the exception handler, so that lazy binding failures are
+     fatal.  */
+  {
+    struct dl_init_args init_args =
+      {
+        .new = new,
+        .argc = args->argc,
+        .argv = args->argv,
+        .env = args->env
+      };
+    _dl_catch_exception (NULL, call_dl_init, &init_args);
+  }
 
   /* Now we can make the new map available in the global scope.  */
   if (mode & RTLD_GLOBAL)
diff --git a/elf/tst-finilazyfailmod.c b/elf/tst-finilazyfailmod.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..2670bd1
--- /dev/null
+++ b/elf/tst-finilazyfailmod.c
@@ -0,0 +1,27 @@ 
+/* Helper module for tst-initfinilazyfail: lazy binding failure in destructor.
+   Copyright (C) 2019 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
+   This file is part of the GNU C Library.
+
+   The GNU C Library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+   modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
+   License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
+   version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
+
+   The GNU C Library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
+   Lesser General Public License for more details.
+
+   You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
+   License along with the GNU C Library; if not, see
+   <https://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.  */
+
+/* An undefined function.  Calling it will cause a lazy binding
+   failure.  */
+void undefined_function (void);
+
+static void __attribute__ ((destructor))
+fini (void)
+{
+  undefined_function ();
+}
diff --git a/elf/tst-initfinilazyfail.c b/elf/tst-initfinilazyfail.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..9b4a3d0
--- /dev/null
+++ b/elf/tst-initfinilazyfail.c
@@ -0,0 +1,84 @@ 
+/* Test that lazy binding failures in constructors and destructors are fatal.
+   Copyright (C) 2019 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
+   This file is part of the GNU C Library.
+
+   The GNU C Library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+   modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
+   License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
+   version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
+
+   The GNU C Library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
+   Lesser General Public License for more details.
+
+   You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
+   License along with the GNU C Library; if not, see
+   <https://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.  */
+
+#include <dlfcn.h>
+#include <string.h>
+#include <support/capture_subprocess.h>
+#include <support/check.h>
+#include <support/xdlfcn.h>
+
+static void
+test_constructor (void *closure)
+{
+  void *handle = dlopen ("tst-initlazyfailmod.so", RTLD_LAZY);
+  if (handle == NULL)
+    FAIL_EXIT (2, "dlopen did not terminate the process: %s", dlerror ());
+  else
+    FAIL_EXIT (2, "dlopen did not terminate the process (%p)", handle);
+}
+
+static void
+test_destructor (void *closure)
+{
+  void *handle = xdlopen ("tst-finilazyfailmod.so", RTLD_LAZY);
+  int ret = dlclose (handle);
+  const char *message = dlerror ();
+  if (message != NULL)
+    FAIL_EXIT (2, "dlclose did not terminate the process: %d, %s",
+               ret, message);
+  else
+    FAIL_EXIT (2, "dlopen did not terminate the process: %d", ret);
+}
+
+static int
+do_test (void)
+{
+  {
+    struct support_capture_subprocess proc
+      = support_capture_subprocess (test_constructor, NULL);
+    support_capture_subprocess_check (&proc, "constructor", 127,
+                                      sc_allow_stderr);
+    printf ("info: constructor failure output: [[%s]]\n", proc.err.buffer);
+    TEST_VERIFY (strstr (proc.err.buffer,
+                         "tst-initfinilazyfail: symbol lookup error: ")
+                 != NULL);
+    TEST_VERIFY (strstr (proc.err.buffer,
+                         "tst-initlazyfailmod.so: undefined symbol:"
+                         " undefined_function\n") != NULL);
+    support_capture_subprocess_free (&proc);
+  }
+
+  {
+    struct support_capture_subprocess proc
+      = support_capture_subprocess (test_destructor, NULL);
+    support_capture_subprocess_check (&proc, "destructor", 127,
+                                      sc_allow_stderr);
+    printf ("info: destructor failure output: [[%s]]\n", proc.err.buffer);
+    TEST_VERIFY (strstr (proc.err.buffer,
+                         "tst-initfinilazyfail: symbol lookup error: ")
+                 != NULL);
+    TEST_VERIFY (strstr (proc.err.buffer,
+                         "tst-finilazyfailmod.so: undefined symbol:"
+                         " undefined_function\n") != NULL);
+    support_capture_subprocess_free (&proc);
+  }
+
+  return 0;
+}
+
+#include <support/test-driver.c>
diff --git a/elf/tst-initlazyfailmod.c b/elf/tst-initlazyfailmod.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..36348b5
--- /dev/null
+++ b/elf/tst-initlazyfailmod.c
@@ -0,0 +1,27 @@ 
+/* Helper module for tst-initfinilazyfail: lazy binding failure in constructor.
+   Copyright (C) 2019 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
+   This file is part of the GNU C Library.
+
+   The GNU C Library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+   modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
+   License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
+   version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
+
+   The GNU C Library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
+   Lesser General Public License for more details.
+
+   You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
+   License along with the GNU C Library; if not, see
+   <https://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.  */
+
+/* An undefined function.  Calling it will cause a lazy binding
+   failure.  */
+void undefined_function (void);
+
+static void __attribute__ ((constructor))
+init (void)
+{
+  undefined_function ();
+}