[RFC,v2,23/37] lkl tools: tool that converts a filesystem image to tar
diff mbox series

Message ID 66b398abf53f64340c309462b1a645f00f9ef8cf.1573179553.git.thehajime@gmail.com
State Under Review
Delegated to: Richard Weinberger
Headers show
Series
  • [RFC,v2,01/37] asm-generic: atomic64: allow using generic atomic64 on 64bit platforms
Related show

Commit Message

Hajime Tazaki Nov. 8, 2019, 5:02 a.m. UTC
From: Octavian Purdila <tavi.purdila@gmail.com>

Simple utility that converts a filesystem image to a tar file,
preserving file rights and extended attributes.

Signed-off-by: Conrad Meyer <cem@FreeBSD.org>
Signed-off-by: Hajime Tazaki <thehajime@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Petros Angelatos <petrosagg@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Octavian Purdila <tavi.purdila@gmail.com>
---
 tools/lkl/.gitignore |   1 +
 tools/lkl/Build      |   1 +
 tools/lkl/Targets    |   4 +
 tools/lkl/fs2tar.c   | 410 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 4 files changed, 416 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 tools/lkl/fs2tar.c

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/tools/lkl/.gitignore b/tools/lkl/.gitignore
index 1a8210f4d9c4..138e65efcad2 100644
--- a/tools/lkl/.gitignore
+++ b/tools/lkl/.gitignore
@@ -9,3 +9,4 @@  tests/valgrind*.xml
 *.pyc
 cptofs
 cpfromfs
+fs2tar
diff --git a/tools/lkl/Build b/tools/lkl/Build
index a9d12c5ca260..73b37363a6de 100644
--- a/tools/lkl/Build
+++ b/tools/lkl/Build
@@ -1,2 +1,3 @@ 
 cptofs-$(LKL_HOST_CONFIG_ARCHIVE) += cptofs.o
+fs2tar-$(LKL_HOST_CONFIG_ARCHIVE) += fs2tar.o
 
diff --git a/tools/lkl/Targets b/tools/lkl/Targets
index e629b330e5aa..05f5bd1dddcc 100644
--- a/tools/lkl/Targets
+++ b/tools/lkl/Targets
@@ -7,3 +7,7 @@  progs-y += tests/net-test
 progs-$(LKL_HOST_CONFIG_ARCHIVE) += cptofs
 LDLIBS_cptofs-y := -larchive
 LDLIBS_cptofs-$(LKL_HOST_CONFIG_NEEDS_LARGP) += -largp
+
+progs-$(LKL_HOST_CONFIG_ARCHIVE) += fs2tar
+LDLIBS_fs2tar-y := -larchive
+LDLIBS_fs2tar-$(LKL_HOST_CONFIG_NEEDS_LARGP) += -largp
diff --git a/tools/lkl/fs2tar.c b/tools/lkl/fs2tar.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..d2834afcce93
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/lkl/fs2tar.c
@@ -0,0 +1,410 @@ 
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+#ifdef __FreeBSD__
+#include <sys/param.h>
+#endif
+
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <time.h>
+#include <argp.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+#include <string.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <libgen.h>
+#include <sys/stat.h>
+#include <fcntl.h>
+#include <archive.h>
+#include <archive_entry.h>
+#include <lkl.h>
+#include <lkl_host.h>
+
+char doc[] = "";
+char args_doc[] = "-t fstype fsimage_path tar_path";
+static struct argp_option options[] = {
+	{"enable-printk", 'p', 0, 0, "show Linux printks"},
+	{"partition", 'P', "int", 0, "partition number"},
+	{"filesystem-type", 't', "string", 0,
+	 "select filesystem type - mandatory"},
+	{"selinux-contexts", 's', "file", 0,
+	 "export selinux contexts to file"},
+	{0},
+};
+
+static struct cl_args {
+	int printk;
+	int part;
+	const char *fsimg_type;
+	const char *fsimg_path;
+	const char *tar_path;
+	FILE *selinux;
+} cla;
+
+static error_t parse_opt(int key, char *arg, struct argp_state *state)
+{
+	struct cl_args *cla = state->input;
+
+	switch (key) {
+	case 'p':
+		cla->printk = 1;
+		break;
+	case 'P':
+		cla->part = atoi(arg);
+		break;
+	case 't':
+		cla->fsimg_type = arg;
+		break;
+	case 's':
+		cla->selinux = fopen(arg, "w");
+		if (!cla->selinux) {
+			fprintf(stderr,
+				"failed to open selinux contexts file: %s\n",
+				strerror(errno));
+			return -1;
+		}
+		break;
+	case ARGP_KEY_ARG:
+		if (!cla->fsimg_path)
+			cla->fsimg_path = arg;
+		else if (!cla->tar_path)
+			cla->tar_path = arg;
+		else
+			return -1;
+		break;
+	case ARGP_KEY_END:
+		if (state->arg_num < 2 || !cla->fsimg_type)
+			argp_usage(state);
+	default:
+		return ARGP_ERR_UNKNOWN;
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static struct argp argp = { options, parse_opt, args_doc, doc };
+
+static struct archive *tar;
+
+static int searchdir(const char *fsimg_path, const char *path);
+
+static int copy_file(const char *fsimg_path, const char *path)
+{
+	long fsimg_fd;
+	char buff[4096];
+	long len, wrote;
+	int ret = 0;
+
+	fsimg_fd = lkl_sys_open(fsimg_path, LKL_O_RDONLY, 0);
+	if (fsimg_fd < 0) {
+		fprintf(stderr, "fsimg error opening %s: %s\n", fsimg_path,
+			lkl_strerror(fsimg_fd));
+		return fsimg_fd;
+	}
+
+	do {
+		len = lkl_sys_read(fsimg_fd, buff, sizeof(buff));
+		if (len > 0) {
+			wrote = archive_write_data(tar, buff, len);
+			if (wrote != len) {
+				fprintf(stderr,
+					"error writing file %s to archive: %s [%d %ld]\n",
+					path, archive_error_string(tar), ret,
+					len);
+				ret = -archive_errno(tar);
+				break;
+			}
+		}
+
+		if (len < 0) {
+			fprintf(stderr, "error reading fsimg file %s: %s\n",
+				fsimg_path, lkl_strerror(len));
+			ret = len;
+		}
+
+	} while (len > 0);
+
+	lkl_sys_close(fsimg_fd);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static int add_link(const char *fsimg_path, const char *path,
+		    struct archive_entry *entry)
+{
+	char buf[4096] = { 0, };
+	long len;
+
+	len = lkl_sys_readlink(fsimg_path, buf, sizeof(buf));
+	if (len < 0) {
+		fprintf(stderr, "fsimg readlink error %s: %s\n",
+			fsimg_path, lkl_strerror(len));
+		return len;
+	}
+
+	archive_entry_set_symlink(entry, buf);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static inline void fsimg_copy_stat(struct stat *st, struct lkl_stat *fst)
+{
+	st->st_dev = fst->st_dev;
+	st->st_ino = fst->st_ino;
+	st->st_mode = fst->st_mode;
+	st->st_nlink = fst->st_nlink;
+	st->st_uid = fst->st_uid;
+	st->st_gid = fst->st_gid;
+	st->st_rdev = fst->st_rdev;
+	st->st_size = fst->st_size;
+	st->st_blksize = fst->st_blksize;
+	st->st_blocks = fst->st_blocks;
+	st->st_atim.tv_sec = fst->lkl_st_atime;
+	st->st_atim.tv_nsec = fst->st_atime_nsec;
+	st->st_mtim.tv_sec = fst->lkl_st_mtime;
+	st->st_mtim.tv_nsec = fst->st_mtime_nsec;
+	st->st_ctim.tv_sec = fst->lkl_st_ctime;
+	st->st_ctim.tv_nsec = fst->st_ctime_nsec;
+}
+
+static int copy_xattr(const char *fsimg_path, const char *path,
+		      struct archive_entry *entry)
+{
+	long ret;
+	char *xattr_list, *i;
+	long xattr_list_size;
+
+	ret = lkl_sys_llistxattr(fsimg_path, NULL, 0);
+	if (ret < 0) {
+		fprintf(stderr, "fsimg llistxattr(%s) error: %s\n",
+			path, lkl_strerror(ret));
+		return ret;
+	}
+
+	if (!ret)
+		return 0;
+
+	xattr_list = malloc(ret);
+
+	ret = lkl_sys_llistxattr(fsimg_path, xattr_list, ret);
+	if (ret < 0) {
+		fprintf(stderr, "fsimg llistxattr(%s) error: %s\n", path,
+			lkl_strerror(ret));
+		free(xattr_list);
+		return ret;
+	}
+
+	xattr_list_size = ret;
+
+	for (i = xattr_list; i - xattr_list < xattr_list_size;
+	     i += strlen(i) + 1) {
+		void *xattr_buf;
+
+		ret = lkl_sys_lgetxattr(fsimg_path, i, NULL, 0);
+		if (ret < 0) {
+			fprintf(stderr, "fsimg lgetxattr(%s) error: %s\n", path,
+				lkl_strerror(ret));
+			free(xattr_list);
+			return ret;
+		}
+
+		xattr_buf = malloc(ret);
+
+		ret = lkl_sys_lgetxattr(fsimg_path, i, xattr_buf, ret);
+		if (ret < 0) {
+			fprintf(stderr, "fsimg lgetxattr2(%s) error: %s\n",
+				path, lkl_strerror(ret));
+			free(xattr_list);
+			free(xattr_buf);
+			return ret;
+		}
+
+		if (cla.selinux && strcmp(i, "security.selinux") == 0)
+			fprintf(cla.selinux, "%s %s\n", path,
+				(char *)xattr_buf);
+
+		archive_entry_xattr_clear(entry);
+		archive_entry_xattr_add_entry(entry, i, xattr_buf, ret);
+
+		free(xattr_buf);
+	}
+
+	free(xattr_list);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int do_entry(const char *fsimg_path, const char *path,
+		    const struct lkl_linux_dirent64 *de)
+{
+	char fsimg_new_path[PATH_MAX], new_path[PATH_MAX];
+	struct lkl_stat fsimg_stat;
+	struct stat stat;
+	struct archive_entry *entry;
+	int ftype;
+	long ret;
+
+	snprintf(new_path, sizeof(new_path), "%s/%s", path, de->d_name);
+	snprintf(fsimg_new_path, sizeof(fsimg_new_path), "%s/%s", fsimg_path,
+		 de->d_name);
+
+	ret = lkl_sys_lstat(fsimg_new_path, &fsimg_stat);
+	if (ret) {
+		fprintf(stderr, "fsimg lstat(%s) error: %s\n",
+			path, lkl_strerror(ret));
+		return ret;
+	}
+
+	entry = archive_entry_new();
+
+	archive_entry_set_pathname(entry, new_path);
+	fsimg_copy_stat(&stat, &fsimg_stat);
+	archive_entry_copy_stat(entry, &stat);
+	ret = copy_xattr(fsimg_new_path, new_path, entry);
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+	/* TODO: ACLs */
+
+	ftype = stat.st_mode & S_IFMT;
+
+	switch (ftype) {
+	case S_IFREG:
+		archive_write_header(tar, entry);
+		ret = copy_file(fsimg_new_path, new_path);
+		break;
+	case S_IFDIR:
+		archive_write_header(tar, entry);
+		ret = searchdir(fsimg_new_path, new_path);
+		break;
+	case S_IFLNK:
+		ret = add_link(fsimg_new_path, new_path, entry);
+		/* fall through */
+	case S_IFSOCK:
+	case S_IFBLK:
+	case S_IFCHR:
+	case S_IFIFO:
+		if (ret)
+			break;
+		archive_write_header(tar, entry);
+		break;
+	default:
+		printf("skipping %s: unsupported entry type %d\n", new_path,
+		       ftype);
+	}
+
+	archive_entry_free(entry);
+
+	if (ret)
+		printf("error processing entry %s, aborting\n", new_path);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static int searchdir(const char *fsimg_path, const char *path)
+{
+	long ret, fd;
+	char buf[1024], *pos;
+	long buf_len;
+
+	fd = lkl_sys_open(fsimg_path, LKL_O_RDONLY | LKL_O_DIRECTORY, 0);
+	if (fd < 0) {
+		fprintf(stderr, "failed to open dir %s: %s", fsimg_path,
+			lkl_strerror(fd));
+		return fd;
+	}
+
+	do {
+		struct lkl_linux_dirent64 *de;
+
+		de = (struct lkl_linux_dirent64 *) buf;
+		buf_len = lkl_sys_getdents64(fd, de, sizeof(buf));
+		if (buf_len < 0) {
+			fprintf(stderr, "gentdents64 error: %s\n",
+				lkl_strerror(buf_len));
+			break;
+		}
+
+		for (pos = buf; pos - buf < buf_len; pos += de->d_reclen) {
+			de = (struct lkl_linux_dirent64 *)pos;
+
+			if (!strcmp(de->d_name, ".") ||
+			    !strcmp(de->d_name, ".."))
+				continue;
+
+			ret = do_entry(fsimg_path, path, de);
+			if (ret)
+				goto out;
+		}
+
+	} while (buf_len > 0);
+
+out:
+	lkl_sys_close(fd);
+	return ret;
+}
+
+int main(int argc, char **argv)
+{
+	struct lkl_disk disk;
+	long ret;
+	char mpoint[32];
+	unsigned int disk_id;
+
+	if (argp_parse(&argp, argc, argv, 0, 0, &cla) < 0)
+		return -1;
+
+	if (!cla.printk)
+		lkl_host_ops.print = NULL;
+
+	disk.fd = open(cla.fsimg_path, O_RDONLY);
+	if (disk.fd < 0) {
+		fprintf(stderr, "can't open fsimg %s: %s\n", cla.fsimg_path,
+			strerror(errno));
+		ret = 1;
+		goto out;
+	}
+
+	disk.ops = NULL;
+
+	ret = lkl_disk_add(&disk);
+	if (ret < 0) {
+		fprintf(stderr, "can't add disk: %s\n", lkl_strerror(ret));
+		goto out_close;
+	}
+	disk_id = ret;
+
+	lkl_start_kernel(&lkl_host_ops, "mem=10M");
+
+	ret = lkl_mount_dev(disk_id, cla.part, cla.fsimg_type, LKL_MS_RDONLY,
+			    NULL, mpoint, sizeof(mpoint));
+	if (ret) {
+		fprintf(stderr, "can't mount disk: %s\n", lkl_strerror(ret));
+		goto out_close;
+	}
+
+	ret = lkl_sys_chdir(mpoint);
+	if (ret) {
+		fprintf(stderr, "can't chdir to %s: %s\n", mpoint,
+			lkl_strerror(ret));
+		goto out_umount;
+	}
+
+	tar = archive_write_new();
+	archive_write_set_format_pax_restricted(tar);
+	archive_write_open_filename(tar, cla.tar_path);
+
+	ret = searchdir(mpoint, "");
+
+	archive_write_free(tar);
+
+	if (cla.selinux)
+		fclose(cla.selinux);
+
+out_umount:
+	lkl_umount_dev(disk_id, cla.part, 0, 1000);
+
+out_close:
+	close(disk.fd);
+
+out:
+	lkl_sys_halt();
+
+	return ret;
+}