[5/5] ppc/pnv: Read the PNOR partition table
diff mbox series

Message ID 20191021131215.3693-6-clg@kaod.org
State New
Headers show
Series
  • ppc/pnv: Add PNOR support
Related show

Commit Message

Cédric Le Goater Oct. 21, 2019, 1:12 p.m. UTC
From: Cédric Le Goater <clg@fr.ibm.com>

This patch adds the logic to read the partition table of a PNOR file
and a routine to load the PAYLOAD (skiboot) partition in the machine
memory.

Code based on the libflash of skiboot:

    https://github.com/open-power/skiboot/blob/master/libflash/

Signed-off-by: Cédric Le Goater <clg@kaod.org>
---
 include/hw/ppc/ffs.h      | 150 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 include/hw/ppc/pnv_pnor.h |   6 ++
 hw/ppc/pnv.c              |  33 +++++---
 hw/ppc/pnv_pnor.c         | 156 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 4 files changed, 334 insertions(+), 11 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 include/hw/ppc/ffs.h

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/include/hw/ppc/ffs.h b/include/hw/ppc/ffs.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..15216cf2389b
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/hw/ppc/ffs.h
@@ -0,0 +1,150 @@ 
+/*
+ * Copyright 2013-2014 IBM Corp.
+ *
+ * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
+ * you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
+ * You may obtain a copy of the License at
+ *
+ *      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
+ *
+ * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
+ * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
+ * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or
+ * implied.
+ * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
+ * limitations under the License.
+ */
+/*
+ * Copyright (c) International Business Machines Corp., 2012
+ *
+ * FSP Flash Structure
+ *
+ * This header defines the layout for the FSP Flash Structure.
+ */
+
+#ifndef FFS_H
+#define FFS_H
+
+#include <stdint.h>
+
+/* The version of this partition implementation */
+#define FFS_VERSION_1   1
+
+/* Magic number for the partition header (ASCII 'PART') */
+#define FFS_MAGIC       0x50415254
+
+/* The maximum length of the partition name */
+#define PART_NAME_MAX   15
+
+/*
+ * Sizes of the data structures
+ */
+#define FFS_HDR_SIZE   sizeof(struct ffs_hdr)
+#define FFS_ENTRY_SIZE sizeof(struct ffs_entry)
+
+/*
+ * Sizes of the data structures w/o checksum
+ */
+#define FFS_HDR_SIZE_CSUM   (FFS_HDR_SIZE - sizeof(uint32_t))
+#define FFS_ENTRY_SIZE_CSUM (FFS_ENTRY_SIZE - sizeof(uint32_t))
+
+/* pid of logical partitions/containers */
+#define FFS_PID_TOPLEVEL   0xFFFFFFFF
+
+/*
+ * Type of image contained w/in partition
+ */
+enum type {
+        FFS_TYPE_DATA      = 1,
+        FFS_TYPE_LOGICAL   = 2,
+        FFS_TYPE_PARTITION = 3,
+};
+
+/*
+ * Flag bit definitions
+ */
+#define FFS_FLAGS_PROTECTED     0x0001
+#define FFS_FLAGS_U_BOOT_ENV    0x0002
+
+/* Data integrity flags */
+#define FFS_ENRY_INTEG_ECC 0x8000
+
+/**
+ * struct ffs_entry_user - User data enties
+ *
+ *  @chip:              Chip Select (0,1)
+ *  @compressType:      Compression Indication/alg (0=not compressed)
+ *  @dataInteg:         Indicates Data Integrity mechanism
+ *  @verCheck:          Indicates Version check type
+ *  @miscFlags:         Misc Partition related Flags
+ *  @freeMisc[2]:       Unused Miscellaneious Info
+ *  @freeUser[14]:      Unused User Data
+ */
+struct ffs_entry_user {
+        uint8_t  chip;
+        uint8_t  compresstype;
+        uint16_t datainteg;
+        uint8_t  vercheck;
+        uint8_t  miscflags;
+        uint8_t  freemisc[2];
+        uint32_t reserved[14];
+};
+
+/**
+ * struct ffs_entry - Partition entry
+ *
+ * @name:       Opaque null terminated string
+ * @base:       Starting offset of partition in flash (in hdr.block_size)
+ * @size:       Partition size (in hdr.block_size)
+ * @pid:        Parent partition entry (FFS_PID_TOPLEVEL for toplevel)
+ * @id:         Partition entry ID [1..65536]
+ * @type:       Describe type of partition
+ * @flags:      Partition attributes (optional)
+ * @actual:     Actual partition size (in bytes)
+ * @resvd:      Reserved words for future use
+ * @user:       User data (optional)
+ * @checksum:   Partition entry checksum (includes all above)
+ */
+struct ffs_entry {
+        char     name[PART_NAME_MAX + 1];
+        uint32_t base;
+        uint32_t size;
+        uint32_t pid;
+        uint32_t id;
+        uint32_t type;
+        uint32_t flags;
+        uint32_t actual;
+        uint32_t resvd[4];
+        struct ffs_entry_user user;
+        uint32_t checksum;
+} __attribute__ ((packed));
+
+/**
+ * struct ffs_hdr - FSP Flash Structure header
+ *
+ * @magic:              Eye catcher/corruption detector
+ * @version:            Version of the structure
+ * @size:               Size of partition table (in block_size)
+ * @entry_size:         Size of struct ffs_entry element (in bytes)
+ * @entry_count:        Number of struct ffs_entry elements in @entries array
+ * @block_size:         Size of block on device (in bytes)
+ * @block_count:        Number of blocks on device
+ * @resvd:              Reserved words for future use
+ * @checksum:           Header checksum
+ * @entries:            Pointer to array of partition entries
+ */
+struct ffs_hdr {
+        uint32_t         magic;
+        uint32_t         version;
+        uint32_t         size;
+        uint32_t         entry_size;
+        uint32_t         entry_count;
+        uint32_t         block_size;
+        uint32_t         block_count;
+        uint32_t         resvd[4];
+        uint32_t         checksum;
+        struct ffs_entry entries[];
+} __attribute__ ((packed));
+
+
+#endif /* FFS_H */
diff --git a/include/hw/ppc/pnv_pnor.h b/include/hw/ppc/pnv_pnor.h
index c3dd28643cae..14ec06038f3e 100644
--- a/include/hw/ppc/pnv_pnor.h
+++ b/include/hw/ppc/pnv_pnor.h
@@ -25,6 +25,12 @@  typedef struct PnvPnor {
     uint8_t        *storage;
     uint32_t       size;
     MemoryRegion   mmio;
+
+    uint32_t       skiboot_addr;
+    uint32_t       skiboot_size;
 } PnvPnor;
 
+extern int pnv_pnor_load_skiboot(PnvPnor *pnor, hwaddr addr, size_t max_size,
+                                 Error **errp);
+
 #endif /* _PPC_PNV_PNOR_H */
diff --git a/hw/ppc/pnv.c b/hw/ppc/pnv.c
index 7019273f1cdd..8cc792dee25d 100644
--- a/hw/ppc/pnv.c
+++ b/hw/ppc/pnv.c
@@ -637,6 +637,7 @@  static void pnv_init(MachineState *machine)
     char *chip_typename;
     DriveInfo *pnor = drive_get(IF_MTD, 0, 0);
     DeviceState *dev;
+    bool load_skiboot_from_pnor = false;
 
     /* allocate RAM */
     if (machine->ram_size < (1 * GiB)) {
@@ -659,23 +660,33 @@  static void pnv_init(MachineState *machine)
     qdev_init_nofail(dev);
     pnv->pnor = PNV_PNOR(dev);
 
-    /* load skiboot firmware  */
+    /*
+     * Try to load skiboot from pnor if no 'bios' was provided on the
+     * command line. skiboot will load the kernel and initramfs from
+     * the PNOR.
+     */
     if (bios_name == NULL) {
         bios_name = FW_FILE_NAME;
+        load_skiboot_from_pnor = !!pnor;
     }
 
-    fw_filename = qemu_find_file(QEMU_FILE_TYPE_BIOS, bios_name);
-    if (!fw_filename) {
-        error_report("Could not find OPAL firmware '%s'", bios_name);
-        exit(1);
-    }
+    if (load_skiboot_from_pnor) {
+        pnv_pnor_load_skiboot(pnv->pnor, FW_LOAD_ADDR, FW_MAX_SIZE,
+                              &error_fatal);
+    } else {
+        fw_filename = qemu_find_file(QEMU_FILE_TYPE_BIOS, bios_name);
+        if (!fw_filename) {
+            error_report("Could not find OPAL firmware '%s'", bios_name);
+            exit(1);
+        }
 
-    fw_size = load_image_targphys(fw_filename, FW_LOAD_ADDR, FW_MAX_SIZE);
-    if (fw_size < 0) {
-        error_report("Could not load OPAL firmware '%s'", fw_filename);
-        exit(1);
+        fw_size = load_image_targphys(fw_filename, FW_LOAD_ADDR, FW_MAX_SIZE);
+        if (fw_size < 0) {
+            error_report("Could not load OPAL firmware '%s'", fw_filename);
+            exit(1);
+        }
+        g_free(fw_filename);
     }
-    g_free(fw_filename);
 
     /* load kernel */
     if (machine->kernel_filename) {
diff --git a/hw/ppc/pnv_pnor.c b/hw/ppc/pnv_pnor.c
index bfb1e92b0392..c29bf7eea197 100644
--- a/hw/ppc/pnv_pnor.c
+++ b/hw/ppc/pnv_pnor.c
@@ -14,8 +14,161 @@ 
 #include "sysemu/block-backend.h"
 #include "sysemu/blockdev.h"
 #include "hw/loader.h"
+#include "hw/ppc/ffs.h"
 #include "hw/ppc/pnv_pnor.h"
 #include "hw/qdev-properties.h"
+#include "libxz/xz.h"
+
+static uint32_t ffs_checksum(void *data, size_t size)
+{
+    uint32_t i, csum = 0;
+
+    for (i = csum = 0; i < (size / 4); i++) {
+        csum ^= ((uint32_t *)data)[i];
+    }
+    return csum;
+}
+
+static int ffs_check_convert_header(struct ffs_hdr *dst, struct ffs_hdr *src)
+{
+    dst->magic = be32_to_cpu(src->magic);
+    if (dst->magic != FFS_MAGIC) {
+        return -1;
+    }
+    dst->version = be32_to_cpu(src->version);
+    if (dst->version != FFS_VERSION_1) {
+        return -1;
+    }
+    if (ffs_checksum(src, FFS_HDR_SIZE) != 0) {
+        return -1;
+    }
+    dst->size = be32_to_cpu(src->size);
+    dst->entry_size = be32_to_cpu(src->entry_size);
+    dst->entry_count = be32_to_cpu(src->entry_count);
+    dst->block_size = be32_to_cpu(src->block_size);
+    dst->block_count = be32_to_cpu(src->block_count);
+
+    return 0;
+}
+
+static int ffs_check_convert_entry(struct ffs_entry *dst, struct ffs_entry *src)
+{
+    if (ffs_checksum(src, FFS_ENTRY_SIZE) != 0) {
+        return -1;
+    }
+
+    memcpy(dst->name, src->name, sizeof(dst->name));
+    dst->base = be32_to_cpu(src->base);
+    dst->size = be32_to_cpu(src->size);
+    dst->pid = be32_to_cpu(src->pid);
+    dst->id = be32_to_cpu(src->id);
+    dst->type = be32_to_cpu(src->type);
+    dst->flags = be32_to_cpu(src->flags);
+    dst->actual = be32_to_cpu(src->actual);
+    dst->user.datainteg = be16_to_cpu(src->user.datainteg);
+
+    return 0;
+}
+
+static int decompress(void *dst, size_t dst_size, void *src, size_t src_size,
+                      Error **errp)
+{
+    struct xz_dec *s;
+    struct xz_buf b;
+    int ret = 0;
+
+    /* Initialize the xz library first */
+    xz_crc32_init();
+    s = xz_dec_init(XZ_SINGLE, 0);
+    if (!s) {
+        error_report("failed to initialize xz");
+        return -1;
+    }
+
+    b.in = src;
+    b.in_pos = 0;
+    b.in_size = src_size;
+    b.out = dst;
+    b.out_pos = 0;
+    b.out_size = dst_size;
+
+    /* Start decompressing */
+    ret = xz_dec_run(s, &b);
+    if (ret != XZ_STREAM_END) {
+        error_setg(errp, "failed to decompress : %d", ret);
+        ret = -1;
+    } else {
+        ret = 0;
+    }
+
+    /* Clean up memory */
+    xz_dec_end(s);
+    return ret;
+}
+
+int pnv_pnor_load_skiboot(PnvPnor *s, hwaddr addr, size_t max_size,
+                          Error **errp)
+{
+    int rc;
+    void *buffer = g_malloc0(max_size);
+
+    rc = decompress(buffer, max_size, &s->storage[s->skiboot_addr],
+                    s->skiboot_size, errp);
+    if (rc == 0) {
+        rom_add_blob_fixed("pnor.skiboot", buffer, max_size, addr);
+    }
+    g_free(buffer);
+    return rc;
+}
+
+#define SECUREBOOT_HEADER_MAGIC    0x17082011
+#define SECUREBOOT_HEADER_SIZE     4096
+
+static void pnv_pnor_find_skiboot(PnvPnor *s, Error **errp)
+{
+    uint8_t *storage = s->storage;
+    struct ffs_hdr hdr;
+    struct ffs_entry ent;
+    uint32_t magic;
+    uint32_t i;
+    int rc;
+
+    rc = ffs_check_convert_header(&hdr, (struct ffs_hdr *) storage);
+    if (rc) {
+        error_setg(errp, "bad header");
+        return;
+    }
+
+    for (i = 0; i < hdr.entry_count; i++) {
+        uint32_t esize = hdr.entry_size;
+        uint32_t offset = FFS_HDR_SIZE + i * esize;
+        struct ffs_entry *src_ent = (struct ffs_entry *)(storage + offset);
+
+        rc = ffs_check_convert_entry(&ent, src_ent);
+        if (rc) {
+            error_report("bad partition entry %d", i);
+            continue;
+        }
+
+        if (strcmp("PAYLOAD", ent.name)) {
+            continue;
+        }
+
+        s->skiboot_addr = ent.base * 0x1000,
+        s->skiboot_size = ent.size * 0x1000;
+
+        /* Check for secure boot header */
+        magic = be32_to_cpu(*(uint32_t *)&s->storage[s->skiboot_addr]);
+        if (magic == SECUREBOOT_HEADER_MAGIC) {
+            s->skiboot_addr += SECUREBOOT_HEADER_SIZE;
+            s->skiboot_size -= SECUREBOOT_HEADER_SIZE;
+        }
+
+        return;
+    }
+
+    error_setg(errp, "pnv_pnor: no skiboot partition !?");
+}
 
 static uint64_t pnv_pnor_read(void *opaque, hwaddr addr, unsigned size)
 {
@@ -97,6 +250,9 @@  static void pnv_pnor_realize(DeviceState *dev, Error **errp)
             error_setg(errp, "failed to read the initial flash content");
             return;
         }
+
+        /* Read partitions to validate contents */
+        pnv_pnor_find_skiboot(s, errp);
     } else {
         s->storage = blk_blockalign(NULL, s->size);
         memset(s->storage, 0xFF, s->size);